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           Fewer
than half of fertilized eggs, called zygotes, survive. About 10 days after
conception, the zygote's outer part attaches to the uterine wall and
becomes the placenta where nourishment for the child enters. The next 6
weeks the embryo's body organs begin to form and function like the
heart and liver. Now at the end of the sixth month internal organs have
grown and matured enough to allow a premature baby of that age a
chance to live and thrive but it¶s still hard. Teratogens are harmful
substances that can penetrate the placenta and can damage the baby
through whichever process it¶s at. Also alcohol can dramatically harm
the child if too much is taken but also even a little. FAS is an example of
this which can cause mental retardation, About 4 in 10 alcoholic mothers
who drink during pregnancy have babies with FAS.
2.p The newborn is very competent and more than we have imagined.   
                   
               
         

  
      
  
       
              
    
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       !object permanence, an awareness
that things still exist even when they are out of sight. Piaget also
proposed the idea that children are egocentric since they only think of
things from their point of view and that others may hold false beliefs.
Piaget also suggested that around the age of 12 reasoning expands from
concrete to abstract thinking which piaget called formal operational
thinking. Nowadays we¶ve advanced to believe that young children are
more capable and their development is more continuous than what piaget
had suggested. Now we believe that cognition abilities that happen in
different parts of the development of a child start developing very
immaturely in a stage before that one.
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