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AMOCO MITSUI PTA INDONESIA

Material Safety Data Sheet


Pengenal Cepat (Nama Umum dalam pabrik)

Perusahaan pembuat :
AJAX CHEMICAL
BAGIAN 1- IDENTIFIKASI PRODUK
Nama Umum (digunakan pada label) (Nama Dagang & Sinonim): CAS No:
ASAM BENZOAT ; Benzenkarboksilat, Asam Benzenformat, Asam 65-85-0
Benzenmetanoat, Benzoat, Karboksibenzen, Asam benzoat UN : No Data
Nama Kimia : Keluarga Kimia :
ASAM BENZOAT Aromatik Karboksilat

Rumus :
RUMUS MOLEKUL C7-H6-O2
RUMUS STRUKTUR C6H5-CO-OH
URAIAN FISIK / SIFAT
TAMPILAN :
Serbuk putih atau kristal; sedikit bau aromatik (7).
NILAI AMBANG BAU : TIDAK ADA. TIDAK ADA SIFAT YANG PERLU DIPERHATIKAN SECARA KHUSUS
Tititk didih....: 249 deg C (480 deg F); mueli menyublim pada 100
Titik leleh......: 122.4 deg C (252.3 deg F) (10)
Tekanan uap.....: Sangat rendah pada temperatur ruang
SPECIFIK GRAVITY...: (SG) 1.27 pada 15 deg C (air = 1) (7)
Titik Nyala.......: 121 deg C (250 deg F)
Batas Nyala: No Data
Batas meleedak...: (LEL) Tidak ada - (UEL) Tidak ada
TEMP. NYALA OTOMATIS 570 deg C (1058 deg F)
TEKANA UAP REL. .: 4.2 (air = 1) (7,9)
BERAT MOLEKUL...: 122.12
pH.................: 2.8 (saturated solution [.34%] dalam air pada 25 deg C)

SIFAT-SIFAT LAIN :
Faktor Konversi 1 ppm = 4.98 mg/m3; 1 mg/m3 = 0.201 ppm pada 25 deg C
Kecepatan penguapan Sangat rendah
TEMPERATURE KRITIS 479 deg C (894 deg F) (7)
KELARUTAN DALAM AIR Sedikit larut dalam air (0.290 g/100 mL pada 20 deg C)
KELARUTAN DALAM LARUTAN LAIN sANSangat larut dalam alkohol, eter, aseton dan
khloroform; sedikit larut dalam petroleum ether (10)
KEASAMAN: pKa = 4.17 pada 25 deg C (7)

PEMAKAIAN :
Digunakan sebagai pengawet makanan, jus, lemak dan minyak; dalam pabrik pembuat plastik, pewarna, farmasi,
farfum, perelasi lab. Antiseptik, salep untuk menghilangkan jamurpada kulit.

‘Tidak ada data’ pada IDENTIFIKASI berarti data tsb. tidak dapat diaplikasikan pada bagian ini. Pada
bagian lain berarti TIDAK ADA.
BAGIAN 2- INFORMASI BAHAYA TERHADAP KESEHATAN
ACUTE EFFECTS
SWALLOWED:
Jika asam benzoat termakan dalam jumlah besar akan menyebabkan perasaan sakit di lambung, mual, dan
muntah. Dalam satu kasus, dosis 50 gram ( kira-kira 750 mg/kg) menuebabkan akibat tak terkontrol (4). Idalam
kasus lain, kematian akan terjadi bila atermakan sekitar 500 mg/kg (1,8).
MATA :
Tidak ada information manuasia. Asam Benzoat menyebabkan iritasi mata yang hebat dalam satu tes standar.
(8).
KULIT :
Pada kulit manusia , 0.25% asam benzoat dalam air menyebabkan reaksi gatal bukan alergi (merah-merah,
sebaagian bengkak, perasaan "terbakar" dan gatal-gatal) dalam 30 menit. Dalam studi yang sama , 5% asam
benzoat dalam petrolatum tidak menghasilkan efek apapun setelah 5 hours (2).

TERHIRUP :
Uap asam benzoat atau debu dapat menyebabkan iritasi ringan hingga berat pada hidung, kerongkongan dan
saluran pernafasan bagian atas, bergantung keada konsentrasinya.
BAGIAN 2- INFORMASI BAHAYA TERHADAP KESEHATAN (LANJUTAN)
AKIBAT-AKIBAT KRONIS
EFEK BAGI KESEHATAN : Kontak kulit dengan asam benzoat menghasilkan alergii pada manusia. Orang peka
yang kontak dengan asam benzoat akan merasa gatal-gatal atau asma. Efek keras terhadap manusia gejalanya
lebih buruk terhadap kejutan anapilaktik dengan batuk, sulit bernafas, sawan, pingsan dan kematian (5,6,7).
TERMAKAN : Dosis 0.5 g/hari rupanya tidak menyebabkab efek keracunan terhadap manuasia.. Doses of about 5
g/day may cause gastro-intestinal irritation. People with gastro-intestinal or kidney diseases may be more
severely affected (3). CARCINOGENICITY No information available. Not classed as a category I, II or III carcinogen
by Worksafe Aust.
TERATOGENICITY AND EMBRYOTOXICITY No human information available. Not teratogenic in one animal study
(1).
TOXICOLOGICAL SYNERGISTIC MATERIALS No information available.
MUTAGENICITY No human information. Not mutagenic in bacterial tests (1).
POTENTIAL FOR ACCUMULATION Benzoic acid is chemically altered and excreted from the body in the urine. 97%
of an oral dose of benzoic acid can be eliminated within four hours (6).

FIRST AID
SWALLOWED:
Never give anything by mouth if victim is rapidly losing consciousness, or is unconscious or convulsing. Have
victim rinse mouth thoroughly with water. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Have victim drink 240 to 300 mL (8 to 10
oz.) of water. If vomiting occurs naturally, have victim lean forward to reduce risk of aspiration. Repeat
administration of water. Obtain medical attention immediately.
EYE:
Immediately flush the contaminated eye(s) with lukewarm, gently flowing water for 20 minutes, by the clock,
holding the eyelid(s) open. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the non-affected eye. Obtain medical
attention immediately.
SKIN:
Remove contaminated clothing, shoes and leather goods (e.g. watchbands, belts). Gently blot or brush away
excess chemical quickly. As quickly as possible, flush contaminated area with lukewarm, gently running water for
at least 20 minutes, by the clock. If irritation persists, repeat flushing, Obtain medical advice immediately.
Completely decontaminate clothing, shoes and leather goods before reuse, or discard.
INHALED:
Remove source of contamination or move victim to fresh air. Obtain medical advice immediately.
FIRST AID FACILITIES:
Provide general supportive measures (comfort, warmth, rest). All first aid procedures should be periodically
reviewed by a physician familiar with the material and its conditions of use in the workplace.
ADVICE TO DOCTOR:
Consult Poisons Information Centre.
TOXICITY DATA:
ANIMAL TOXICITY DATA LD50 (rat, oral): 2530 mg/kg (8) LD50 (mouse, oral):
1940 mg/kg (8); 2263 mg/kg (1) LD50 (dog, cat, oral): 2000 mg/kg (8) LD50 (rabbit, skin): Greater than 5000
mg/kg (1) EYE IRRITATION (rabbit): 100 mgof benzoic acid caused a severe reaction in a standard eye test (8).
SKIN IRRITATION (rabbit): 500 mg of benzoic acid on skin produced a mild reaction in a 24-hour test (8). LONG-
TERM STUDIES: Some animal species are more sensitive to the toxic effects of benzoic acid than others. A diet
containing 1% benzoic acid (equivalent to 500 mg/kg daily) produced no toxic effects in rats. In cats, a diet
containing benzoic acid at 200 mg/kg/day had no detectable effect, but a level of 300 mg/kg/day caused
central nervous system disturbances which were reversible (1). In cats, diets with more than 300 mg/kg/day
produced severe CNS depression and death. High doses damaged the liver and kidney, and caused depression
and apprehension (1).
REPRODUCTIVE EFFECTS: Even at high doses, benzoic acid failed to produce teratogenic effects in rats (1).
MUTAGENICITY: No mutagenic activity was observed in a number of in vitro tests (1).

SECTION 3 PRECAUTIONS FOR USE


EXPOSURE STANDARDS:
(TLV-TWA) Not established
SAMPLING & ANALYSIS A variety of analytical methods exist for the determination of benzoic acid in foods and
drugs (7). A method for determining benzoic acid in air is described in reference (11).
EXPOSURE CONTROL Note: Exposure to this material can be controlled in many ways. The measures appropriate
for a particular worksite depend on how this material is used and on the extent of exposure. Use this general
information to help develop specific control measures. Ensure that control systems are properly designed and
maintained. Comply with occupational,
environmental, fire, and other applicable regulations. *

ENGINEERING CONTROLS:
ENGINEERING CONTROLS Engineering control methods to reduce hazardous exposures are preferred. Methods
include mechanical ventilation (dilution and local exhaust), process or personnel enclosure, control of process
conditions, and process modification. Administrative controls and personal protective equipment may also be
required. Use local exhaust ventilation, and process enclosure if necessary, to control airborne dust. Supply
sufficient replacement air to make up for air removed by exhaust systems.

PERSONAL PROTECTION:
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION If engineering controls and work practices are not effective in controlling
exposure to this material, then wear suitable personal protective equipment including approved respiratory
protection.Have appropriate equipment available for use in emergencies such as spills or fire. If respiratory
protection is required, institute a complete respiratory protection program including selection, fit testing, training,
maintenance and inspection.
RESPIRATORY PROTECT. GUIDELINES No specific guidelines are available. Contact the manufacturer/supplier
for specific advice. An approved respirator suitable for protection from acid dusts and mists may be adequate.
The respirator use limitations specified by the approving agency and the manufacturer must be observed.
EYE/FACE PROTECTION Chemical safety goggles. A face shield may also be
necessary
SECTION 3 PRECAUTIONS FOR USE ( CONTINUED)

SKIN PROTECTION Impervious gloves, coveralls, boots, and/or other resistant protective clothing. Have a safety
shower/eye-wash fountain readily available in the immediate work area.
RESIST. FOR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING (Guidelines for organic acids) GOOD: Neoprene, nitrile NOTE: Resistance of
specific materials can vary from product to product. Evaluate resistance under conditions of use and maintain
clothing carefully.
PERSONAL PROTECTION COMMENTS Remove contaminated clothing promptly. Keep contaminated clothing in
closed containers. Discard or launder before rewearing. Inform laundry personnel of contaminant's hazards. Do
not eat, drink or smoke in work areas. Wash hands thoroughly after handling this material. Maintain good
housekeeping.
FLAMMABILITY:
See Safe Handling Information
ENVIRONMENT:
No Data

SECTION 4 – SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION


STORAGE AND TRANSPORT:
STORAGE CONDITIONS Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area, out of direct sunlight. Store away from heat
and ignition sources. Store away from incompatible materials such as oxidizing materials or strong bases. Store
in suitable, labelled containers. Keep containers tightly closed when not in use and when empty. Protect from
damage. Avoid any dust buildup by frequent cleaning and suitable construction of storage area. Limit quantity
of material in storage. Restrict access to storage area. Post warning signs when appropriate. Keep storage area
separate from populated work areas. Inspect periodically for deficiencies such as damage or leaks. Have
appropriate fire extinguishers available in and near the storage area.
HANDLING Avoid generating dust. Use smallest possible amounts in designated areas with adequate
ventilation. Have emergency equipment (for fires, spills, leaks, etc.) readily available. Label containers. Keep
containers closed when not in use. Empty containers may contain residues which are hazardous.
SPILLS AND DISPOSAL:
PRECAUTIONS Restrict access to area until completion of clean-up. Ensure clean-up is conducted by trained
personnel only. Wear adequate personal protective equipment. Ventilate area. Extinguish or remove all ignition
sources.
CLEANUP Do not touch spilled material. Prevent material from entering sewers or confined spaces. Stop or
reduce leak if safe to do so. Contain spill with earth, sand, or absorbent material which does not react with
spilled material. Small spills of solutions: Soak up spill with absorbentmaterial which does not react with spilled
chemical. Put material in suitable, covered, labelled containers. Flush area with water. Small spills of solid:
Shovel into clean, dry, labelled containers and cover. Flush area with water. Contaminated absorbent material
may pose the same hazards as the spilled product. Large spills: Contact fire and emergency services and
supplier for advice.
DISPOSAL Review federal, state and local government requirements prior to disposal. Store material for
disposal as indicated in Storage Conditions. Disposal by controlled incineration or secure landfill may be
acceptable.
FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD:
EXPLOSION DATA - SENSITIVITY TO MECHANICAL IMPACT Probably not sensitive.Stable material.
EXPLOSION DATA - SENSITIVITY TO STATIC CHARGE Not available FIRE HAZARD
COMMENTS Vapour from molten benzoic acid or its concentrated dust can form an explosive mixture with air.
FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENTS Dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol foam or polymer foam. Water spray may be
ineffective.
FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES Use water to keep containers cool. Water spray may be used to flush spills away
from exposures. If benzoic acid is on fire, water can be used as a fog. Solid streams of water may be
ineffective.Apply water from as far a distance as possible.
COMBUSTION PRODUCTS Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide are normal products of combustion. Incombustion
may also produce irritating fumes and acrid smoke.
Reactivity Data:
STABILITY Stable
INCOMPATIBILITY -MAT'LS TO AVOID STRONG BASES (including alkalis) -Vigorous reaction may occur STRONG
OXIDIZING AGENTS (e.g., chromium trioxide) - May react violently or explosively. Increased risk of fire.
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS None reported
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION Does not occur
CORROSIVITY TO METALS Not reported to be corrosive

This MSDS summaries our best knowledge of the health and safety hazard information of the product and
how to safely handle and use the product in the workplace. Each user should read this MSDS and consider
the information in the context of how the product will be handled and used in the workplace including its
use in conjunction with other product. If clarification or further information is needed to ensure that an
appropriate risk assessment can be made, the user should contact Ajax Chemicals. Our responsibility for
products sold is subject to our standard term and conditions, a copy of which is sent to our customers and
is also available on request.