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GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING , AURANGABAD

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering


Curriculum structure of B.E. (ECT)
Semester –I W.E.F. 2009-10
Subjects Scheme of Teaching Scheme of Evaluation
Sr. Subject (Hrs/Week) (Marks)
No Code
L P Tot Total Test Assig End TW Prac Total
al Credi nmen Sem. tical Marks
Hrs ts t Exam
01 ET-401 Microwave Engineering 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
02 ET-402 Electronic Measurements 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
03 ET-403 Embedded Systems 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
04 ET-404 Data Communication Networks 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
05 ET-405 Elective -V 3 0 3 3 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
06 ET-406 Lab.- Microwave Engineering 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
07 ET-407 Lab.- Electronic Measurements 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50

08 ET-408 Lab.- Embedded and Data 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50


Communication Networks
09 ET-409 Lab.- Elective -V 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
10 ET-410 Project Part-I 0 1 1 1 00 00 00 50 ----- 50
Total 19 09 28 24 100 100 300 150 100 750

Semester – II
01 ET-411 Optical Fiber Communication 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ---- ---- 100
02 ET-412 Mobile Communications 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ---- ---- 100
03 ET-413 Antenna and Wave Propagation 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ---- ---- 100
04 ET-414 Elective -VI 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ---- ----- 100
05 ET-415 Lab.-Optical Fiber 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
Communication
06 ET-416 Lab.- Mobile Communications 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
07 ET-417 Lab.- Antenna and Wave 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
Propagation
08 ET-418 Lab.- Elective -VI 0 2 2 1 ---- 00 00 25 25 50
09 ET-419 Project Part – II 0 4 4 4 ---- 00 00 50 100 150
Total 16 12 28 24 80 80 240 150 200 750
Grand Total of B.E.(ECT) 35 21 56 48 180 180 540 300 300 1500

Elective V Elective VI
ET-405 i) Digital Image Processing ET-414 i) Radar and Satellite Engineering
ET-405 ii) Analog System Design ET-414 ii) Industrial Instrumentation and Control
ET-405 iii) Software Engineering ET-414 iii) Network Security

(Note: L: Lecture, P: Practical, ESE: End Semester Examination)

1
GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING , AURANGABAD
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering
Curriculum structure of B.E. (ECT) Part Time
W.E.F. 2009-10

Semester –I
Sr. Subject Subjects and Committee Scheme of Teaching Scheme of Evaluation
No Code (Hours/week) ( Marks)

L P Total Total Test Assi End TW Prac Total


Hrs Credits gnm Sem. tical Marks
ent Exam
01 ET-401 Microwave Engineering 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
02 ET-402 Electronic Measurements 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
03 ET-403 Embedded Systems 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
04 ET-404 Data Communication Networks 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
05 ET-406 Lab.- Microwave Engineering 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
06 ET-407 Lab.- Electronic Measurements 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
07 ET-408 Lab.- Embedded and Data 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
Communication Networks
Total 16 06 22 19 80 80 240 75 75 550
Semester II

01 ET-405 Elective -V 3 0 3 3 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100


02 ET-411 Optical Fiber Communication 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
03 ET-412 Mobile Communications 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ----- ----- 100
04 ET-409 Lab.- Elective -V 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
05 ET-415 Lab.-Optical Fiber Communication 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
06 ET-416 Lab.- Mobile Comm. 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
07 ET-410 Project Part-I 0 1 1 1 00 00 00 50 ----- 50
Total 11 07 18 15 60 60 180 125 75 500
Semester III

01 ET-413 Antenna and Wave Propagation 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ------ ---- 100


02 ET-414 Elective -VI 4 0 4 4 20 20 60 ------ ----- 100
03 ET-417 Lab.-Antenna and Wave 0 2 2 1 00 00 00 25 25 50
Propagation
04 ET-418 Lab.- Elective-VI 0 2 2 1 ---- 00 00 25 25 50
05 ET-419 Project Part – II 0 4 4 4 ---- 00 00 50 100 150
Total 08 08 16 14 40 40 120 100 150 450
Grand Total of B.E.(ECT) PTC 35 21 56 48 180 180 540 300 300 1500

Elective V Elective VI
ET-405 i) Digital Image Processing ET-414 i) Radar and Satellite Engineering
ET-405 ii) Analog System Design ET-414 ii) Industrial Instrumentation and Control
ET-405 iii) Software Engineering ET-414 iii) Network Security

(Note: L: Lecture, P: Practical, ESE: End Semester Examination)

2
ET-401 Microwave Engineering

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 08 Hrs
Guided Wave and Transmission System: Review of Maxwell equation, Uniform
plane wave, Reflection from dielectric and conducting interfaces, Transmission
line theory, Smith chart, Coaxial line power handling capacity, VSWR, Smith
chart, Single stub, Double stub, Quarter wave transformer.

UNIT-II 08 Hrs
Microwave Guides: TEM, TE, and TM modes in rectangular wave guides,
Coupling between wave guides and coaxial cable, Impedance matching elements,
Tuning methods phase shifter, Maximum power handling capability, Wideband
matching.

UNIT-III 08 Hrs
Microwave Passive Devices: Terminators, Attenuators,, Traveling wave detector,
Microwave filter, E-plane Tee, H-plane Tee, Hybrid Tee, Crystal diode, Faradays
rotation, Circulators, Directional couplers, Microwave resonators, Ferrite
components, Microwave bridge.

UNIT-IV 08 Hrs
Microwave Devices: Klystron, Reflex Klystron, TWT, Magnetron, PIN diode,
Varactor diode, BJT, FET, IMPATT, TRAPATT, BARITT and GUNN diode, Gun
effect and modes, Tunnel diode and its applications

UNIT-V 08 Hrs
Microwave Measurements: Voltage, VSWR, Power, Cavity-Q, Antenna gain,
Noise measurements, Microwave Integrated Circuits: Materials, Hybrid and
monolithic MICS, Transmission lines, Micro strip lines, Parallel coplanar and
shield strip lines, Microwave Antenna: Horn antenna, Slot antenna, Parabolic
reflector, Cassegrain feed, Lens antennas, Broad side, End fire arrays.

Reference Books:
1. Samuel Y Liao, Microwave Devices and Circuits, PHI 3rd edition.
2. Peter A Rizzi, Microwave Engineering, Passive circuits, PHI EEE
3. J.H. Reach, Microwave Principles, PHI
4. Robert Collin, Foundation for Microwave Engg, Mc Graw Hill
5. K. C. Gupta, Microwave Engineering, Khanna Publications.

3
ET-402 Electronic Measurements

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 08 Hrs
Performance Parameters & Analysis: Basic measurement theory, Parameters like
Accuracy, Precision Significance Figures , Types of errors, Spatial analysis of
errors, Probability of errors, IEEE standards of measurement.

UNIT-II 08 Hrs
Basic Parameter Measurement by Electronic Instrumentation : Sampling and
vector voltmeter, Sync. detector, Sound level measurement, AC voltmeters using
rectifiers, True RMS voltmeters, Digital voltmeter, Vector voltmeter, Q-meter,
Electronic multi meter, RF power/Voltage measurement, Recorders.

UNIT-III 08 Hrs
Signal Analysis Instrumentation: Signal generators, CRO-principle and it’s
working, Dual trace CRO, Specifications of generator, CRO., etc.

UNIT-IV 08 Hrs
Wave analyzers, Harmonic distortion analyzer, Spectrum analyzer logic &
signature analyzer, Network Analyzer, Automated measurement system

UNIT-V 08 Hrs
Communication Related Measurements: Measurement on Audio/Video amplifier,
Measurement on Transmitter/Receiver, Measurement of Microwave frequencies,
RF/UHF, Field strength meters, Measurement of sensitivity, selectivity, Nonlinear
distortion, Fiber optic power measurement, Fiber system loss, Modulation
measurements, Bolo meter.

Reference Books:
1. Cooper and Helfrick, Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements,
Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Lmt.
2. Cooper and Helfrick, Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements,
Pearson Education
3. Kalsi, Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements, TMC
4. Olive Cage, Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, McGraw Hill
International.
5. J.J.Carr, Elements of Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement Handbook,
3rd Edition Pearson Education

4
ET-403 Embedded Systems

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 8Hrs
Introduction To Embedded Systems
Definition and Classification: Overview of Processors and hardware units in an embedded
system – Software embedded into the system, Processor and memory organization,
Structural units in processor, Processor selection, Memory devices , DMA, and interfacing

UNIT-II 8Hrs
Devices and Buses for Device Network
I/O Devices, Timer and counting devices, Serial communication, Synchronous and
asynchronous communications, I2C, USB, CAN, Advanced I/O Serial High Speed Buses :
ISA, PCI, PCI,X

UNIT-III 8Hrs
Programming Concepts and Embedded Programming In C, C++
Programming in Assembly Language (ALP) vs. High Level Language: C Program
Elements, Macros and functions, Pointers, Function calls in a cyclic order, Main function
pointers, Function Queues and Interrupt Service Routines, Queues Pointers , Concepts of
EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING in C++ , Objected Oriented Programming , Embedded
Programming in C++, ‘C’ Program compilers , Cross compiler , Optimization of memory
codes

UNIT-IV 8Hrs
Real Time Operating Systems
Operating system services, I/O subsystems, Network operating systems, Real-time and
embedded system operating system,, Interrupt routines and interrupt handling in RTOS,
Task scheduling models, Performance metric in scheduling models, OS security issues

UNIT-V 8Hrs
Hardware-Software Co-design in an Embedded System
Embedded system project design and management, Design issues in system development
process, Design cycle in development phase, Use of target system, Emulators and
development boards, Software development and debugging tools, Integrated development
environment, Case studies of embedded system development and programming with real
time operating systems for industrial applications

Reference Books
1. Raj Kamal, Embedded Systems, Architecture, Programming and Design, TATA
McGrawHill
2.Steve Heath, Embedded Systems Design, Second Edition, 2003, Newness
3.David E. Simon, An Embedded Software Primer, Pearson Education Asia,

5
ET-404 Data Communication Networks

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT I 08Hrs
Introduction to computer networks, Protocols, Layering, RFCs, Network design
issues like protocol hierarchies, Layered architecture, Interfaces and services,
Service primitives and relationship of services to protocols, Network topology
design & algorithms, Reference models OSI, TCP/IP and their comparison , Brief
Overview of Physical Layers : Transmission media like twisted pair coaxial cable,
Fiber optics

UNIT II 08 Hrs
Data Link Layer Design Issues : Framing, Error control, Flow control, Simplex
stop & wait protocol, Sliding window protocol, Medium Access Technique :
Static & dynamic channel allocation in LANs & WAN,CSMA /CD protocol
,WDMA protocol, High speed LAN’s like FDDI,Ethernet

UNIT III 08Hrs


Network Layer & Design Issues: Internet organization, Virtual circuit protocol &
datagram, Routing & congestion control algorithms, Internet IP protocol &
address, ICMP, ARP,RARP, IP on demand OSPF & BGP, CIDR & IPV6
Transport Layer: Transport Protocols, Addressing, Establishing & releasing a
connection ,Transport protocol for Internet TCP & UDP

UNIT IV 08 Hrs
Application Layer Protocols. Client-server as a key model, Web, HTTP, FTP,
SMTP, POP3, and DNS, Peer-to-peer file sharing networks, Networking
simulation and modeling techniques, Security & Management Security issues,
Cryptography secrete key and public key algorithms, Authentication protocol

UNIT V 08 Hrs
Sockets Programming and Implementation. A simple client-server implementation,
A simple web server implementation, Managing network devices such as switch,
Router, Firewall & modems

Recommended Books :
1. William Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, 7th edition, Prentice
Hall, 2004.
2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 4th edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc.,
2003
3. Larry L. Peterson and Bruce S. Davie, Computer Networks: A Systems
Approach, 3rd edition (2003),Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
4. Behrouz Forouzan, Data Communication, McGraw-Hill.
6
5. H. Bidgoli, Handbook of Information Security, Vols. 1-3, John Wiley & Sons,
January 2006.
6. H. Bidgoli, The Internet Encyclopedia, Vols. 1-3, John Wiley & Sons,
Jan. 2004
7. Tom Sheldon, Encyclopedia of Networking & Telecommunications, 2nd
edition,McGraw-Hill, June 2001.
8. Srinivasan Keshav, An Engineering Approach to Computer Networking, 1st
edition (1997), Addison-Wesley
List of Reference Sources for Classes and Assignments:
Request For Comments, Network Standards, available from http://www.rfc-
editor.org/rfcsearch.html;
IEEE Communications Magazine (technical journal)
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (technical journal)
IEEE Network (technical journal)
IEEE Spectrum (technical journal)
IEEE Transactions on Communications (technical journal)
Resources available on e-learning site http://www.e-gecaect.com
Computer Networks and ISDN Systems (technical journal)
Cisco systems Technical Journal

7
ET-405 i) Digital Image Processing (Elective-V)

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 3 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 10 Hrs
Fundamental of Image Processing: Image Sensing and Acquisition, Digital Image
Representation, Image Sampling and Quantization, Basic Relationship between
Pixels, Linear and Nonlinear Operations, Color Image Processing, Image formats
Image Enhancement in Spatial Domain and Frequency Domain: Basic Gray Level
Transformations, Histogram, Processing, Enhancement using Arithmetic and
Logic Operations, Spatial Filtering, Fourier Transform and Frequency Domain
Filters: Smoothing, Sharpening, Homomorphic Filtering

UNIT-II 10 Hrs
Image Restoration: Models of Image Degradation /Restoration Process, Noise
Models, Restoration in presence of Noise, Periodic Noise Reduction by Frequency
Domain Filtering , Linear Position Invariant Degradation, Estimating Degradation
Function , Inverse Filtering, Wiener Filtering, Constrained Least Square Filtering,
Geometric Mean Filtering, Geometric Transformations

UNIT-III 06 Hrs
Image Compression: Fundamentals, Compression Models, Error Free
Compression, Lossy Compression, Image Compression Standards

UNIT-IV 06 Hrs
Morphology: Dilation, Erosion, Opening and Closing, Basic Morphological
Algorithms, Gray Scale Morphology

UNIT-V 08 Hrs
Image Segmentation and Description: Detection of Discontinuities, Edge Linking
and Boundary Detection, Thresholding, Region Based Segmentation, Use of
Motion in Segmentation, Representation and Description: Representation
Schemes, Boundary Descriptors, Regional Descriptions, Relational Descriptors

Reference Books:
1. Rafel Gonzales and Richard Woods,Digital Image Processing, Third
Edition, Pearson Education
2. A. K. Jain ,Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing, PHI
3. Aurthr Weeks,Fundamentals of Electronic Image Processing, PHI
4. Rafel Gonzales and Richard Woods, Digital Image Processing with
MATLAB, Pearson Education

8
ET-405 ii) Analog System Design (Elective-V)

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 3 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 08Hrs
Design of : D.C.amplifiers, Operational amplifier, Analog annunciators, Analog
Voltmeter, Multimeter, Microvoltmeter, Power Meter , L-R-C-Q meter

UNIT-II 08 Hrs
Design of : Passive and active filters using RC and RL networks, Oscillators:
Colpitts, Hartley, Clapp, Wein Bridge, Phase Shift, Crystal oscillator, PLL
Design, Frequency synthesizer

UNIT-III 08Hrs
Design of Communication Circuits: Tuned amplifiers, RF Amplifier, Mixers, AM
modulators and FM modulators , Sound IF amplifier, Video amplifiers, Video IF
amplifiers

UNIT-IV 08 Hrs
Design of AM receiver system, FM receiver system, AF amplifier system, Hi-Fi
amplifier system: Equalizers, Pre-amplifiers, Power Amplifier, Active Tone
control circuits

UNIT-V 08 Hrs
Design of TV receiver system : Tuner, Sync separator, Deflection Circuit
Horizontal and Vertical Linearity Circuits, Remote Control, Design of Process
controllers : Temperature, Humidity, Flow and Level measuremnets

Reference Books:
1. Milliman Halkies, “Integrated Electronics”, McGraw Hill International
2. K.C.Botkar, “Integrated Circuits”, Khanna Publication
3.Van Valkenburg, “Modern Network Synthesis”, PHI, EEE edition
4. Govind Daryanani “Principles of Active Network Synthesis and Design”,
John Wiley & Sons
5.A.M.Dhake, “Video and Television Engineering”, TMC
6.Landforth Smith, “ Design of AM Radio Receiver ” PHI
6. Data sheets of Analog Devices

9
ET-405 iii) Software Engineering (Elective-V)

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 3 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 08Hrs
Software Process
Software, Evolving role of software, Introduction to software engineering, A
layered technology, Legacy Software, CMMI, Process patterns, Process
assessment, Personal and team process models, The waterfall model, Evolutionary
process models. Agile Process Models (XP, ASD, DSDM, AM)

UNIT-II 08Hrs
Requirement Engineering
Software Engineering Practices: Communication, Planning, Modeling,
Construction, Requirements engineering tasks, Initiating Requirement Engineering
Process, Eliciting requirements, Building the analysis model, Validating
requirements

UNIT-III 08Hrs
Design Engineering
Design process and design quality, Design concepts, Design model, Pattern based
design, Software architecture, Architectural design, Component, Conducting
component level design

UNIT-IV 08Hrs
Software Testing
Verification and Validation, Test strategies for conventional software, Test
strategies for object oriented software, Testing Methods: White box testing, Black
box testing, Software quality.

UNIT-V 08Hrs
Managing Software Projects
People, Product, Process, Project, Metrics for project and process, Software scope
and feasibility, Resources, Software project estimation, Project scheduling,
Defining task network & scheduling, Quality concepts, Software quality
assurance, Software reviews, Statistical software quality assurance, Project
management, Reuse of software, Software reengineering, Sample case studies
minimum two

Reference Books:
1) Roger S. Pressman, Software Engineering, A Practitioner’s Approach, 6th
edition, McGraw Hill
2) Pankaj Jalote, An Integrated Approach to Software Engineering, 3rd edition,
Narosa Publications.
10
ET-406 Lab. Microwave Engineering

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Study of microwave components
02 Calibration of microwave attenuator
03 Measurements using microwave Tee’s
04 Measurements using circulator
05 To determine a coupling factor of directional coupler
06 Calibration of micrometer type frequency meter
07 To determine VSWR on the waveguides
08 To determine the guide wavelength of a RF signal
09 Study of microwave relay station
10 Study of Radar system

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

11
ET-407 Lab. Electronic Measurements

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Voltage and current error measurements
02 Design and calibration of DC voltmeter
03 Study of IC tester
04 Measurement of distortion in AF signals
05 Study and measurement of error of frequency counters
06 Measurements on transmission lines
07 Study and measurements using signal generators
08 Measurements using simple and digital storage CRO’s
09 Measurements using Lissajous and spot wheel patterns
10 Measurements using spectrum analyzer
11 Automatic test equipments

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

12
ET-408 Lab. Embedded and Data Communication Networks

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Embedded Systems
Term Work: Term work will consists a record of experiments based on the syllabus .

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Study of Embedded System hardware board, its configurations and programming features
02 Study of Real Time Operating System and programming methodology
03 Develop, test and execute C language program for LCD interfacing using embedded
development system board
04 Develop, test and execute C language program for 4x4 keyboard interfacing using
embedded development system board
05 Develop, test and execute C language program for timers and event counter application
using embedded system board
06 Develop, test and execute C language program using embedded development system
board to implement simple digital calculator using keyboard and LCD interface
07 Develop, test and execute C language program for I/O applications

Data Communication Networks


Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Installation and configuration of Network interface card
02 Configuration of LAN for Internet connectivity
03 Study of network components
04 Wiring Tutorial for 10BaseT Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) CAT5, CAT6 cables
05 Configuration of network operating system
06 Study of Proxy & Web Server Settings
07 Case study of GECA campus wide networking
08 Web server implementation

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of experiments
conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

13
ET-409 i) Lab. Digital Image Processing

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Implementation of Image Enhancement in Spatial Domain
02 Implementation of Image Enhancement in Frequency Domain
03 Implementation of Image Segmentation using Edge Detection
04 Implementation of Image Segmentation using Thresholding
05 Implementation of Region based Image Segmentation
06 Implementation of Morphological Operators like Dilation and Erosion
07 Implementation of Gray Scale Morphological Operators
08 Implementation of Color Image Processing

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

14
ET-409 ii) Lab. Analog System Design

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of designs based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Designs


01 Design and Implementation of Multimeter
02 Design and Implementation of Second Order active filters
03 Design and implementation of RF Oscillator
04 Design and Implementation of AM modulator
05 Design and Implementation of AM demodulator
06 Design and Implementation of FM modulator
07 Design and Implementation of FM demodulator
08 Design and Implementation of Video Amplifier
09 Design and Implementation of Video IF Amplifier
10 Design and Implementation of Signal Recovery Circuits
11 Design and Implementation of Analog Annunciators
12 Study of Process Controllers

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

15
ET-409 iii) Lab. Software Engineering

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

List of Experiments
TWO mini projects which includes all aspects of Software Engineering.
Suggested Languages:
C, C++, VC++, VB, Java, Any DBM tools etc.

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

16
ET-410 Project Part-I

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 1 Hr/Week TW : 50 Marks

The project work will be carried out by a batch of at the most 3 students (Preferably 2 students)
working on topic related to the electronics, telecommunications, computer science and allied fields.
The batch will select the topic, by consulting the guide from above mentioned topic. They have to
design and fabricate the system, which will be submitted at the end of second term of current
academic year.
The batch has to prepare a typed report of not less than 25 pages. This should include the
literature survey, technical details, design, related data etc. It should be in the proper format.
Every candidate has to give a talk on the selected topic in presence of staff members and students.
The Principal, of the institute will appoint two internal examiners to asses the term work; guide shall
be one of the examiners.

17
ET-411 Optical Fiber Communication

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT I 12Hrs
Overview of Optical Fiber Communications: Optical fiber communication link,
Frequencies, Optical fiber types and construction., Optical fiber system,
Propagation in Optical Fiber: Single mode and multimode systems, Step index
fibers, Graded index fiber, Optical Fiber Structure and Fabrication: Cable
construction, Fiber manufacturing technique, Fiber optics cables, Signal
Degradation in Optical Fiber: Losses in optical fibers viz. Absorption, Scattering,
Dispersion , Coupling losses, Splicers and Connectors

UNIT II 08 Hrs
Optical Sources: Light emitting diode, Burrs etched wall surface emitting
LED ,Injection laser diode , Lasers, Photo Detectors: PIN diodes, Avalanche
photo diode, PIN FET and Integrated receivers and their characteristics

UNIT III 6 Hrs


Optical Receiver Operation: Fundamental receiver operation, Preamplifier Type
Optical Amplifiers: Basic applications and types of optical amplifiers, Erbium
doped amplifier, Wave length converter, Optical Networks: Basic networks,
SONET/SDH

UNIT IV 08 Hrs
Digital Transmission System: Point to point links, Noise effect on system
performance, System Design Considerations: System design consideration in
noise, Noise penalties, System margin, Performance in terms of probability of
errors considering shot noise and other sources of noise, Optical Fiber Systems:
analog systems, Multichannel transmission system, Digital systems, Coherent
systems- homodyne and heterodyne detection, Multiplexing

UNIT V 06Hrs
Measurements: Test equipment, Attenuation measurements, Dispersion
measurement, OTDR, Field applications, Eye patterns, Spectral analyzer
applications, Refractive index profile, Numerical aperture, Eye pattern bit rate,
WDM

Reference Books:
1.Gerd Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill
international edition
2. Jhon M Senior, Optical Fiber Communications Principles and Practice, PHI
3. G.P. Agrawal, Fiber Optical Communication, Weily New york
4. John Grower, Optical Communication System, Pearson

18
ET-412 Mobile Communications

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 08 Hrs
Fundamental of Wireless Transmission: Frequencies used and various
regulatory standards, Signal propagation, Multiplexing: SDM, FDM, TDM, CDM,
Review of digital modulation techniques

UNIT-II 08 Hrs
CDMA Technologies and Cellular System: Spread spectrum principle, DSSS,
FHSS, Cellular system & related concepts like capacity planning, Frequency
planning & reuse, Handover mechanism, Channel allocation, Future trends in
cellular networks

UNIT-III 08 Hrs
Spread Spectrum (SS) Applications: Wireless LAN, IR Vs radio transmission,
WLAN IEEE 802.11 (as a technology mobile computing) network topology,
Adhoc network, Infrastructure network, MAC & its management, Bluetooth-a
scenario, Architecture, Various layers of Bluetooth & link manager protocol

UNIT-IV 08 Hrs
WAP: WAP Architecture protocol & application, WML, Micro browser, Wireless
telephony application, WAP security

UNIT-V 08 Hrs
GSM: Mobile service, System architecture, Radio interface, Protocols,
Localization and calling, Handover, Security, DECT, TETRA

Reference Books:
1. Jochen Schiller, Mobile Communication, Pearson Education Asia
2. WCY Lee, Cellular Communication, McGraw-Hill, Inc.

19
ET-413 Antenna and Wave Propagation

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 06 Hrs
Polarization, Electromagnetic radiation, Wave equation in terms of
electromagnetic potentials, Radiating source, Short electric dipole, Induction and
radiation field, Current distribution
08 Hrs
UNIT-II
Application of Short Antenna: Isotropic radiator, Half wave dipole,
Field intensity, Radiation pattern, Power density, Power gain, Directivity,
Efficiency, Effective length, Effective area, Application of Reciprocity theorem,
Antenna impedance, Self impedance, Mutual impedance, Radiation resistance,
Front to back ratio, Antenna band width, Antenna beam efficiency, Antenna
temperature, Equivalent noise temperature
08 Hrs
UNIT-III
Antenna Arrays: Broadside array, End fire array, Collinear arrays, Arrays of point
sources, Linear arrays with ‘n’ Isotropic point sources, Multification of patterns,
Tapering of arrays, Chebychev arrays, Continuous arrays, Rectangular array,
Super directivity, Rhombic antenna, Traveling wave antenna, Loop antenna:
Direction finding, Errors, Radiation resistance, Directivity, Ferrite rod antenna,
Adcock antenna, Crossed loop direction finder
10 Hrs
UNIT-IV
Receiving Antenna: Simple vertical antenna, Yagi-Uda antenna, Biconical
antenna, Corner reflector antenna, Helical antenna, Horn antenna, Slot antenna,
Notch antenna, Micro strip or Patch antenna, Turnstile antenna, Super Turnstile
antenna, Discone antenna, Log Periodic antenna, Antenna with parabolic
reflectors, Lens antenna, Antenna Measurements: Impedance, Radiation pattern,
Beam width, Gain, Phase, Radiation resistance, Antenna efficiency, Directivity,
Polarization, Noise figure and noise temperature,
08 Hrs
UNIT-V
Radio waves, Propagation in free space, Modes of propagation, Ground Wave
propagation, Sky Wave Propagation: Layers and their characteristics, Effect of
earth’s magnetic field, Maximum usable frequency, Skip distance, Sunspot
number and sunspot cycle, Fading, Multihop propagation, Virtual height-Critical
frequency record, Space Wave propagation, Effect of earth’s curvature, Line of
sight distance, Duct propagation, Extended range propagation
Reference Books:
1. F.E.Terman, Electronic and Radio Engineering, McGraw Hill Publications
2. K.D.Prasad- Antenna and Wave Propagation, Satya Prakashan, New Delhi

20
ET-414 i) Radar and Satellite Engineering

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 06 Hrs
Radar frequencies, Radar principle, Pulse Radar: Operation, Range equation,
Displays, Minimum detectable signal, Receiver noise, Transmitter power, PRF,
Unambiguous range

UNIT-II 08 Hrs
CW Radar: Doppler effect principle, Receivers, Bank of filters, Sign of radial
velocity, Applications , FM-CW Radar, Altimeter, Multiple frequency CW radar,
MTI radar, Delay line canceller, Blind speed, Non-coherent MTI & Pulse Doppler
radar, AMTI, Search radar, Tracking radar, Types of tracking radar, Radar
antenna

UNIT-III 08 Hrs
Communication satellites, Orbits, Frequency bands, Multiple access formats,
Analog modulation, Digital encoding & decoding, Error correction, Digital
throughput, Links, Propagation loss, Polarization, Antennae, Atmospheric losses,
Receiver noise, Carrier to noise ratio, Satellite link analysis

UNIT-IV 08 Hrs
DTH, Satellite cross links, Frequency reuse, Satellite transponder& their details,
signal processing, Limitations, Non linear satellite amplifiers, AM/AM
conversion, AM/PM conversion, Effect of nonlinear amplification on digital
carriers

UNIT-V 10 Hrs
FDMA, FDMA carriers, Spectrum, Soft limiting amplifiers, FDMA chanalization,
TDMA system, Guard time, Bit timing, Network synchronization, CDMA system,
synchronized-non synchronized CDMA, Orthogonal & non orthogonal CDMA,
Frequency hopped CDMA,

Reference Books:
1. Merrill I. Skolnik, Introduction to Radar Systems, McGraw-Hill International
2. Robert M. Gagliardi, Satellite Communication, CBS Publishers & Distributors

21
ET-414 ii) Industrial Instrumentation and Control

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT-I 08 Hrs
Measurement: Basic concept and block diagrams of instrumentation schemes,
Static & dynamic characteristics, Accuracy, Precision, Fidelity, Speed of response,
Dynamic calibrations, Errors in measurement, Classification of errors, Data
quality, Statistical Analysis:- Mean, Mode, Median, Measures of dispersions,
Probable error-distribution functions and tables, Confidence level, Significance
test. introduction to reliability, Units and standards of physical quantities,
Documentation standards

UNIT-II 10Hrs
Modern Transducers: Velocity, Acceleration, Force and torque, Piezoelectric
accelerometers, IR, UV and laser detectors, LVDT transducers, Pyrometers,
Ultrasonic devices, Magneto-strictive device, Photo-detectors, Photo-multipliers,
Inductive and capacitive proximity devices, Gas detectors, Hall effect sensors

UNIT-III 08 Hrs
Design of Signal Conditioning Systems: Transmitters, Receivers, Voltage and
current loop (4-20mA), Networking protocols

UNIT-IV 08Hrs
Process Control system principles, Mathematical modeling, Variables & degrees
of freedom, Control modes and controllers on-off, P, PI, PD, PID controllers,
Tuning of controllers

UNIT-V 06 Hrs
Programmable logic controllers (PLC), Programming techniques, SCADA,
Distributed Control Systems (DCS).

Reference Books:
1 . B.G. Liptik, Instrumentation Engineer’s Hand Book,CRC Press
2 . H.S.Kalsi, Electronic Instrumentation, TMH
3. I.J.Nagrath &M.Gopal,Control System Engineering, Third edition, New
Age International Publication
4 . Ranagan and Sarma, Instrumentation Systems, TMH
5 . Helfric A.D & Cooper W.D, Modern Electronic Instrumentation &
Measurement Techniques, Pearson Education
6 . Curtis D Johnson, Process Control; Instrumentation Technology,
Pearson Eduction, 2008
7. PLC manuals from Siemens, Messons etc
8. G.C. Goodwin, S.R.Graebe , M.E. Salgado; Control System Design,
Pearson Education

22
ET-414 iii) Network Security

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Lectures: 4 Hrs/Week Test : 20 Marks
Assignment : 20 Marks
End Semester Exam : 60 Marks

UNIT I 08Hrs
Foundations of Cryptography and security, Encryption schemes, Pseudorandom
generators, Mathematical tools for Cryptography, Goals, Attacks, Services and
mechanisms

UNIT II 08 Hrs
Design principle of Block Ciphers & Block Cipher algorithms, Modern symmetric
key ciphers, Data encryption standard and Advanced encryption standard, Public
Key Cryptography RSA, Rabin ELGAMAL & elliptic curve cryptosystems

UNIT III 08Hrs


Message integrity and authentication, Hash function, Digital signature, Entity
authentication key management

UNIT IV 08 Hrs
Electronic mail security applied to mail server and mail clients, PGP and S/MIME,
IP and Web Security Protocols, SSL (Secure Sockets Layer), HTTPS (Hyper Text
Transport Protocol Secure)

UNIT V 08 Hrs
System Security: Computer virus, Firewall and Intrusion detection, Electronic
commerce security introduction to web based bio authentication, Smart card, RF
ID, Cyber laws related to E – commerce, IT Act-2005

Recommended Books :
1.William Stallings, Data and Computer Communications, 7th edition, PH, 2004.
2. Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, 4th edition, PH, Inc., 2003
3. Behrouz Forouzan, Cryptography and Network Security, McGraw-Hill.
4. H. Bidgoli, Handbook of Information Security, Vols. 1-3, John Wiley & Sons,
January 2006.
5. H. Bidgoli, The Internet Encyclopedia, Vols. 1-3, John Wiley & Sons, Jan. 2004
List of Reference Sources for Classes and Assignments:
Request For Comments, Network Standards, available from http://www.rfc-
editor.org/rfcsearch.html;
IEEE Communications Magazine (technical journal)
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (technical journal)
IEEE Network (technical journal)
IEEE Spectrum (technical journal)
IEEE Transactions on Communications (technical journal)
Resources available on e-learning site http://www.e-gecaect.com
Cisco systems Technical Journal
23
ET-415 Lab. Optical Fiber Communication

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Analog fiber optic system /Digital fiber optic system, Setting up fiber optical analog
/digital link
02 Measurement of propagation , attenuation, bending losses in optical fiber
03 Measurement of optical power using optical power meter
04 Measurement of numerical aperture
05 Characteristics of E/O converter using OPM
06 Characteristics of E/O converter (LED)
07 Bit rate Measurement of OFC
08 Sensitivity Measurement of FOC
09 Character tics of FO communication link
10 Computer to Computer Communication using RS232 interface via fiber optical link
11 Demo of making connectors, splices etc hands-on practice
12 Measurement of pulse spreading
13 Multiplexing in fiber optic system
14 Light source characteristics
15 Measurements using OTDR

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

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ET-416 Lab. Mobile Communications

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Study of SDM and CDM
02 Characteristics of spread spectrum techniques
03 Applications of TDMA and FDMA
04 Handover principles
05 Protocols used in practice
06 Origination of the calls
07 Security measures of mobile communication
08 Study of Digital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications( DECT)
09 Study of Terrestrial Trunked Radio ( TETRA)

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

25
ET-417 Lab. Antenna and Wave Propagation

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments

01 Plot the radiation pattern of an antenna


02 Measurement of radiation resistance of an antenna
03 Measurement of directive gain of an antenna
04 Characteristics of Half Wave Dipole antenna
05 Characteristics of Loop antenna
06 Characteristics of Horn antenna
07 Characteristics of Yagi-Uda antenna
08 Characteristics of Cassegrain Feed antenna
09 Characteristics of Lens antenna
10 Characteristics of Helical antenna

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

26
ET-418 i) Lab. Radar and Satellite Engineering

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Measurement of range of pulse radar
02 Measurement of Doppler frequency shift of CW radar
03 Measurement of blind speed of MTI radar
04 Measurement of characteristics of tracking radar
05 Communication satellite frequency bands and orbits
06 Analog modulations used in communication satellites
07 Characteristics of digital encoding and decoding
08 Characteristics of DMA and TDMA concerned to satellites
09 Study the characteristics of transponder
10 Study of DTH systems and satellite cross links

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

27
ET-418 ii) Lab. Industrial Instrumentation and Control

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Measurement of pressure
02 Measurement of temperature
03 Measurement of displacement using LVDT transducer
04 Measurement of Ph using Ph. transducer
05 Measurement of distance by ultrasonic transducer
06 Study of PID temperature indicator controller
07 Study of PLC and its programming
08 PLC based water level controller
09 Study of instrumentation networking control protocols using computers
10 Design and study of signal transmitter circuits

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

28
ET-418 iii) Lab. Network Security

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 2 Hrs/Week TW : 25 Marks
Practical : 25 Marks

Term Work: Term work will consist a record of experiments based on the syllabus

Sr. No List of Experiments


01 Security in the web server
02 Simple cryptographic techniques and Implementation
03 Block cipher algorithms such as IDEA, RC2, RC5
04 Digital signature standards
05 Digital certificates
06 Proxy and firewall configuration & Web Server Settings
07 E-commerce security
08 Desktop and Network systems security

Practical Examination:
The practical examination will be of three hours duration. It will consist of performing one of
experiments conducted during the course and an oral examination based on the syllabus.

29
ET-419 Project Part-II

Teaching Scheme Examination Scheme


Practical : 4 Hrs/Week TW : 50 Marks
Practical : 100 Marks

Term Work:
Project Part-II, is in continuation of Project Part-I undertaken by the candidates in first term. The
term work shall consist of a typed report of about 7 0 pages or more, on the work carried out by the
batch of students in respect of the project assigned, during first term and second term. It should be in
the proper format.
Practical Examination:
It shall consist of demonstration of designed, fabricated project and oral based on it. The said
examination will be conducted by a panel of two examiners; one of them will be a guide and another
will be an external examiner. The external examiner will be either from the allied industry or a senior
faculty member from other institute.

30