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Standard Kandungan

5.2 Larutan dan kadar keterlarutan Tarikh:

5.5 EKSPERIMEN Larutan cair, larutan pekat dan larutan tepu PBD
KBAT INKUIRI Dilute, concentrated and saturated solutions Penemuan
Inkuiri
Buku teks m/s 106 – 107
Tujuan Menyediakan larutan cair, larutan pekat dan larutan tepu
To prepare a dilute solution, concentrated solution and saturated solution

Bahan dan Hablur kuprum(II) sulfat (garam), air, bikar 50 ml, spatula, rod kaca
Radas Copper(II) sulphate crystal (salt), water, 50 ml beaker, spatula, glass rod

Prosedur 1 Masukkan satu spatula hablur kuprum(II) sulfat ke dalam 25 cm3 air dan kacau dengan
rod kaca./Add one spatula of copper(II) sulphate crystal to 25 cm3 of water and stir with
a glass rod.
2 Ulang langkah 1 dengan dua spatula hablur kuprum(II) sulfat.
Repeat step 1 with two spatulas of copper(II) sulphate crystals.
3 Ulang langkah 1 dengan menambahkan hablur kuprum(II) sulfat sehingga tidak larut
lagi dalam air./Repeat step 1 by adding copper(II) sulphate crystal until it does not dissolve
any more in water.

BAB
4 Catat pemerhatian anda./Record your observations.

Pemerhatian
Kuantiti kuprum(II) sulfat Warna larutan
Adakah semua
garam larut?
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Amount of copper(II) sulphate Colour of solution
Does all the salt dissolve?
1 spatula Biru muda Ya
1 spatula Light blue Yes
2 spatula Biru Ya
2 spatulas Blue Yes
Lebih daripada 2 spatula Biru tua Tidak
More than 2 spatulas Dark blue No

Perbincangan Kenal pasti jenis larutan yang terhasil. TP2


Identify the types of solution produced.

Larutan tepu Larutan cair Larutan pekat


Saturated solution Dilute solution Concentrated solution

Larutan terhasil Maksud


Kuantiti garam
Solution Meaning
Amount of salt
produced
Larutan yang mengandungi zat
1 spatula Larutan cair terlarut yang berlebihan.
1 spatula A solution that has excessive
2 spatula Larutan pekat amount of solute.
2 spatulas Concentrated Larutan yang mengandungi sangat
solution sedikit zat terlarut.
A solution that has very little solute.
Lebih daripada Larutan tepu
2 spatula Saturated Larutan yang mengandungi banyak
More than 2 solution zat terlarut.
spatulas A solution that has a lot of solute.

Kesimpulan Terdapat tiga jenis larutan yang mengandungi kuantiti zat terlarut yang berlainan, iaitu
larutan cair , larutan pekat dan larutan tepu .
There are three types of solution that have different amounts of solute, which are
dilute solution , concentrated solution and saturated solution .

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Tarikh:

5.6 EKSPERIMEN Larutan dan ampaian PBD


KBAT INKUIRI Solutions and suspensions Penemuan
Inkuiri
Buku teks m/s 107 – 108
Tujuan Menunjukkan perbezaan antara larutan dengan ampaian
To show the differences between a solution and a suspension

Bahan dan Serbuk natrium klorida, serbuk kanji, air, bikar 100 ml, rod kaca, spatula
Radas Sodium chloride powder, starch powder, water, 100 ml beaker, glass rod, spatula

Prosedur 1 Masukkan satu spatula serbuk natrium klorida ke dalam 50 cm3 air di dalam sebuah
bikar dan kacau dengan rod kaca./Add one spatula of sodium chloride powder to 50 cm3
of water in a beaker and stir with a glass rod.
2 Catat pemerhatian./Record the observation.
3 Ulang langkah 1 dan 2 dengan menggunakan serbuk kanji.
Repeat steps 1 and 2 by using starch powder.

Pemerhatian
Bahan Pemerhatian Adakah bahan larut?
BAB

Substance Observation Does the substance dissolve?

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Serbuk natrium Larutan jernih terbentuk. Ya/Yes
klorida/Sodium
A clear solution is formed.
chloride powder
Serbuk kanji Ampaian terbentuk.
Tidak/No
Starch powder A suspension is formed.

Perbincangan Lengkapkan ruang di bawah. TP2


Complete the spaces below.

2 Zat terlarut/Solute 3 Larutan/Solution Larutan


• Serbuk natrium klorida • Larutan natrium klorida Solution
Sodium chloride powder Sodium chloride solution Zat terlarut
Solute
Ampaian
Suspension
1 Pelarut/Solvent
Pelarut
• Air/Water Solvent

4 Bahan yang melarut dalam suatu cecair. Zat terlarut


A substance that dissolves in a liquid. Solute
5 Cecair yang melarutkan zat terlarut untuk membentuk Pelarut
suatu larutan. Solvent
A liquid in which a solute dissolves to form a solution.
6 Campuran yang terbentuk apabila zat terlarut melarut Larutan
dalam suatu pelarut. Solution
A mixture formed when a solute dissolves in a solvent.
7 Campuran keruh yang mengandungi zat terlarut yang Ampaian
Praktis tidak melarut dalam suatu pelarut./A cloudy mixture Suspension
Kendiri containing a solute which is insoluble in a solvent.

Kesimpulan 1 Larutan mengandungi zat terlarut yang larut dalam air.


A solution contains a solute that dissolves in water.
2 Ampaian mengandungi zat terlarut yang tidak larut yang terampai dalam air.
A suspension contains an insoluble solute that is suspended in water.

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