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UJIAN TOV / UJIAN 1

FEBRUARI 2011
SMK TAMAN KOTA JAYA

CHEMISTRY

ONE HOUR / SATU JAM

Name :___________________________________ Form:_______________

Pembolehubah dimalarkan dan pembolehubah bergerak balas


Section A/
B. Bahagian A manipulated variable
The fixed and
Answer all questions/ Jawab
Pembolehubah semua soalan
dimalarkan dan pembolehubah di manipulasikan
C. The manipulated and responding variable
1 Which of followingdimanipulasi
Pembolehubah statements describes Chemistry?bergerak balas
dan pembolehubah
Antara
D. Bothpernyataan
manipulated berikut yang manakah tentang Kimia?
variables
A. The study of the composition, changes and interaction of matters
Kedua-dua pembolehubah dimanipulasi
Kajian komposisi, perubahan dan interaksi antara jirim
5 B. The theory ofhydrochloric
When aqueous calculus acid spills on any part of your body, you should…
Teori larutan
Apabila kalkulusasid hidroklorik tertumpah pada mana-mana bahagian tubuh anda,
C.
anda perlu… of movement of the objects
The analysis
A. Analisis pergerakan
wash it using aqueousobjek
potassium hydroxide
D. The study
basuh of the
dengan interactions
larutan kaliumbetween living things.
hidroksida
Kajian interaksi antara
B. wipe it using wet cloth benda hidup
lap dengan kain basah
2 Vinegar
C. wash can be used
it using soapto preserve foods. What is the chemical found in vinegar?
Cuka digunakan
basuh denganuntuk
sabunmengawet makanan. Apakah bahan kimia yang terkandung
di dalam cuka?
D. wash it with plenty of water
A. Ascorbic acid /air
basuh dengan Asid askorbik
yang banyak
B. Methanoic acid / Asid metanoik
6 C. Citricofacid
Which / Asid sitrik
the following substances contains molecules?
D. Sulphuric acid
Antara bahan-bahan / Asid
yangsulfurik
berikut, yang manakah mengandungi molekul?
A. Iron / Besi
3 Which of /the
B. Water Airfollowing is not a petroleum-based industry?
Antara yang
C. Sodium oxideberikut, yang manakah
/ Natrium oksida bukan industri berasaskan petroleum?
A.
D. Pharmaceutical
Potassium bromide industry / Industri
/ Kalium ubat-ubatan
bromida
B. Petrochemical industry / Industri petrokimia
7 C. Agrochemical
Choose industry
the incorrect / Industri
statement aboutagrokimia
solid.
D. Recycling industry / Industri
Pilih pernyataan yang salah tentang kitarpepejal.
semula
A. The particles are packed closely to each other
4 A hypothesis
Zarah-zarahis aadalah
statement to show
tersusun theantara
rapat relationship between
satu sama lain two variables. What
are those
B. The two variables?
particles are highly energized
Hipotesis ialah pernyataan
Zarah-zarah untuk
adalah sangat menunjukkan perhubungan antara dua
bertenaga
pembolehubah.
C. The intermolecular force are very strong tersebut?
Apakah dua pembolehubah
A. The
Dayafixed andmolekul
antara responding variable
adalah sangat kuat
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D. The empty spaces in between the particles are very small
Ruang kosong antara zarah-zarah adalah sangat kecil

8 Which of the following is not true about diffusion?


Antara pernyataan yang berikut, yang manakah tidak benar tentang resapan?
A. It is an evidence of the movement of the particles
Resapan adalah bukti pergerakan zarah-zarah
B. It is fastest in gases and slowest in solids
Resapan berlaku paling cepat di dalam gas dan paling perlahan di dalam
pepejal
C. It is a random movement of particles
Resapan adalah pergerakan zarah-zarah secara rawak
D. It occurs in liquids and gases only / resapan berlaku dalam cecair dan gas sahaja

9 An ion is formed when


Ion terbentuk apabila
A. an atom gains or loses electrons
atom menerima atau melepaskan elektron
B. two atoms share electrons
dua atom berkongsi elektron
C. a metal melts
logam melebur
D. an atom is break up into two
atom berpecah dua

10 Which of the following substances has the weakest attractive forces among its
particles at the given state?
Antara bahan-bahan berikut, yang manakah mempunyai daya tarikan antara
molekul yang paling lemah?
A. Iron / Besi
B. A salt solution / Larutan garam
C. Oxygen gas / Gas oksigen
D. Water / Air

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Section B / Bahagian B
Answer all questions. / Jawab semua soalan.

1. Consider the following observation by a student who was carrying out an experiment to
prepare a solution of common salt in the laboratory:

“ When five grams of common salt is added to 50 cm3 of warm water and stirred, all the
common salt dissolved. However, when five grams of the same common salt is added to
50cm3 of cold water, some of it remained insoluble.”

(a) State the inference for this experiment based on the above observation.

…………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

(b) State one problem statement for this experiment based on the above observation.

………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]

(c) State the hypothesis for this experiment based on the above observation.

…………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………
[3 marks]

Experiment Volume of Temperature of Quantity of


water(cm3) water(oC) common salt
dissolved (g)
1 50 25 20
2 50 35 30
3 50 45 40
4 50 55 50
5 50 3 65 60
Table 1

Table 1 shows the results obtained from a series of experiment to study the solubility
of common salt in water at different temperatures.

(c ) State the variable involved in the experiments.

(i) Manipulated variable : ………………………………..

(ii) Responding variable : ………………………………..

(iii) Fixed variable : ……………………………….


[3 marks]

(d) Based on the results in Table 1, draw a graph of quantity of common salt
dissolved against water temperature in the graph paper below.

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[5 marks]

(e) State a conclusion based on the graph obtained in (d).

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

2. (a) Table below shows four substances and their respective formulae.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan empat bahan dan formula setiap bahan.

Substance Chemical formula


Iodine I2
Copper Cu
Naphthalene C10H8
Copper(ll) sulphate CuSO4

Use information from the table to answer the following questions.


Guna maklumat daripada jadual untuk menjawab soalan-soalan berikut.

(i) State one substance from the table above which exist as a molecule.
Nyatakan satu bahan daripada jadual yang wujud sebagai molekul

…………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark ]

(ii) Which substance has the highest melting point, iodine, copper or naphthalene?
Bahan yang manakah mempunyai takat lebur yang paling tinggi?

………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark ]

(iii) What is the state of matter of copper(ll) sulphate at room temperature?


Apakah keadaan jirim kuprum(II) sulfat pada suhu bilik?

……………………………………………………………….…………………
[ 1 mark ]

(iv) State the substance that can conduct electricity in solid state.
Nyatakan bahan yang dapat mengkonduksikan elektrik pada keadaan pepejal.

………………………………………………………………………………….

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[ 1 mark ]

(b) Diagram below shows the result of an experiment that investigates the movement of
bromine particles in the air.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen yang mengkaji pergerakan
zarah-zarah bromine dalam udara.

Air / Udara Bromine vapour spreads


throughout both gas jars
within 10 minutes
Bromine vapour / Wap bromine merebak
Wap bromin dalam kedua-dua baling
gas dalam masa 10 minit

(i) State the process involved in this experiment.


Nyatakan proses yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark ]

(ii) State the type of particle present in bromine gas, Br2.


Nyatakan jenis zarah yang wujud dalam gas bromine, Br2.

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark ]

(iii) Explain the observation in this experiment based on thre kinetic theory of matter.
Jelaskan pemerhatian eksperimen ini berdasarkan pada teori kinetic jirim.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[ 2 marks ]
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Section C / Bahagian C

Compare the matter in solid, liquid and gas forms in terms of arrangement of particles, the
movement of particles, the attraction forces between particles and the kinetic energy
content.
Bandingkan pepejal, cecair dan gas dari segi susunan zarah, pergerakan zarah, daya tarikan
antara zarah, dan kandungan tenaga kinetik.
[ 15 marks ]

Matter State Solid Liquid Gas


Arrangement of
particles

Packed closely and Free to move


in a fixed pattern. anywhere and far
apart.
Motion of particles
Move about
randomly

Forces of attraction
between particles Very strong Very weak

Energy content Moderately high

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END OF QUESTIONS

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