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II.

II. MERCHANDISE TRADE BY PRODUCT

8 Fuels and mining products The Highlights

merchandise trade by product


Prices boost exports of fuels, non-ferrous metals,
IN THIS CHAPTER :
and ores and minerals
88 Fuels and mining products
88 Fuels
In 2006, export prices of crude petroleum increased by 21 per cent. This, 88 Agriculture
coupled with the 56 per cent surge in prices of other minerals and non-ferrous 88 Manufactures
metals, boosted the value of exports of fuels and mining products by 27 per cent. 88 Office and telecom
For the fourth year in a row, this growth was far ahead that of manufactures and equipment Ii
agricultural products, which rose by 13 per cent and 11 per cent respectively. 88 Automotive products
88 Textiles and clothing
World merchandise exports
Chart II.1 by product group, 2006
Fuels and mining account for 19 per cent of world merchandise trade
(Annual percentage change)
Non-ferrous metals
in 2006, the highest share since 1986.
($306bn)
Ores and minerals
($201bn) Regional trade structures are strongly affected by these product price
Fuels ($1771bn)
developments. Fuels and mining exports of Africa expanded by an aver-
Iron and steel ($374bn)
Other machinery
age annual rate of 19 per cent from 2000 to 2006. Their share in the
($1448bn)
Scientific and controlling
region’s total exports (68 per cent) gained 10 percentage points during
instruments ($240bn) this period. An increasing proportion of Africa’s foreign direct investment
Pharmaceuticals ($311bn)
Office and telecom
inflows ($39bn in 2006) are geared towards the extractive sector. The
Average
equipment ($1451bn)
Other chemicals
share of fuels and mining in total exports of South and Central America
($937bn)
Other semi-manufactures
increased by 8 percentage points (from 35 per cent to 43 per cent). For
($795bn)
the Middle East and the CIS, fuels and mining represent respectively 74
Clothing ($311bn)
Agricultural products per cent and 65 per cent of their total value of merchandise exports.
($945bn)
Automotive products
($1015bn)
Textiles ($219bn)
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55

Fuel imports
Chart II.2 of selected economies, 2000-2006
(Billion dollars)
450
8 Fuels 400

350

China and India registered the highest growth 300

of fuel imports while the European Union and 250

the US remain the largest importers 150

200

100

50
In 2006, the European Union, the United States and Japan accounted
0
for 35 per cent, 19 per cent and 9 per cent of world imports of fuels 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

respectively. China, the Republic of Korea and India together represented


Extra-EU (25) China
14 per cent. The above economies purchased 77 per cent of the world United States Korea, Rep. of
supply of fuels in 2006. Imports of China and India increased by an Japan India

impressive 39 per cent and 42 per cent respectively. Fuels claim 11 per
cent of China’s and 38 per cent of India’s total merchandise import bills.
Imports of fuels are heavily taxing the foreign exchange earnings of other developing countries such as Côte d’Ivoire (35 per cent
of import spending was on fuels), Senegal and Uruguay (28 per cent), Pakistan (26 per cent) and Tanzania (24 per cent).

China is diversifying considerably its sources of fuels supply. Africa and the CIS now represent 24 per cent and 12 per cent
of its import needs respectively, while the combined share of these regions was no more than 22 per cent in 2000.

37
8 Agriculture

Agriculture: sharp increase in the price of cereals


merchandise trade by product

Exports of agricultural products increased by 11 per cent in


Agricultural product exports nominal terms, exceeding the 8 per cent rise in 2005. Food,
Chart II.3 of selected economies, 2000-2006 which represents 80 per cent of agricultural exports, expanded by
(Billion dollars) 10 per cent. This was partly due to a surge in the price of cereals
100 by 21 per cent, the highest level since 1996. This price increase
is attributed to poor harvests in major producing countries and
80
an increase in demand from emerging economies. The price of
rice, however, slowed down with a 6 per cent increase. The price
iI 60
rise of beverages also decelerated (6 per cent) compared to the
40
21 per cent peak in 2005. With an average price increase of 10
per cent, exports of non-food agricultural raw material increased
20 by 14 per cent.

0 At the regional level, Europe (accounting for 46 per cent of


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
world exports) expanded its exports of agricultural products by 9
Extra-EU (25) Brazil per cent. Asia, which is the second major supplier (19 per cent),
United States China
increased its exports by 14 per cent. South and Central America
Canada Australia
and the CIS fared better than the world average, with 13 per cent
and 15 per cent growth respectively.

Excluding the intra-trade, the European Union overtook the United States in 2005 as the leading exporter of agricultural prod-
ucts, and retained the top position in 2006. The United States which experienced a below world average performance for the last
five years, increased its exports by 12 per cent. Exports of China and Brazil expanded by the same rate (13 percent) in 2006.
Canadian and Australian growth was relatively modest (7 per cent and 5 per cent respectively).

8 Manufactures

In 2006 China’s manufactured exports surpassed those of the United States for the
first time, having exceeded Japan’s in 2004

World exports of manufactures expanded by 13 per cent in


Manufacture exports
2006, a higher rate than that of 2005. The relatively energy-
Chart II.4 of selected economies, 2000-2006
intensive production, combined with continued growth in demand
(Billion dollars)
help to explain why iron and steel registered the highest growth 1400
rates (18 per cent) among manufactures product groups. Textiles,
1200
by contrast, which in 2005 was also a lagging sector, again scored
the lowest growth rate (7 per cent) in manufactured exports in 1000

2006. 800

600
Machinery and transport equipment, the biggest component of
manufactures (53 per cent), expanded by 14 per cent. The major 400

trader in this product category was Europe (44 per cent of world 200
exports), which increased its exports by 12 per cent – double the
0
growth rate of 2005. Asia, which accounts for 36 per cent of word 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

exports, accelerated its exports by 16 per cent. In 2006, North


Extra-EU (25) United States
America increased its exports by 13 per cent. But with only 3 per China Japan
cent average annual growth between 2000 and 2006, its market
share declined from 24 per cent to 17 per cent.

38
8 Office and telecom equipment

Global manufacturing: the case of office and telecom equipment

merchandise trade by product


Office and telecommunication equipment, which represents 18
per cent of manufactured exports, expanded by 13 per cent in Office and telecom equipment exports
Chart II.5 of selected economies, 2000-2006
2006. The European Union, the leading exporter of office and
telecom equipment expanded its exports by 12 per cent, but this (Billion dollars)
300
was entirely due to intra-European Union trade, which surged by
a remarkable 19 per cent, while extra-European Union exports 250

declined by 2 per cent. Second to the European Union and sup-


200
plying nearly 20 per cent of world exports, China has established
a strong position in this market. Excluding intra-European Union 150
Ii
trade, China ranks as the first exporter.
100

The European Union accounts for 36 per cent of world imports 50


of office and telecommunication equipment and records a steadily
0
increasing trade deficit. In 2006, China supplied 15 per cent of 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
the European Union’s import needs and 37 per cent of those of
China Extra-EU (25)
the United States. The United States, the second major importer, United States Japan
maintains a substantial and increasing trade deficit in this product Singapore
group. In 2006, 34 per cent of the US trade deficit with China
could be attributed to this group.

Office and telecom equipment also represent a substantial share in the exports of a number of South East Asian economies,
ranging from 55 per cent for the Philippines to 23 per cent for Thailand. Although still significant, in recent years a declining
trend can be observed for a number of economies. In 2000, the share in the Philippines’ total exports was 63 per cent. For
Malaysia, the share declined from 53 per cent in 2000 to 42 per cent in 2006. The corresponding figures for Chinese Taipei are
39 per cent and 30 per cent.

Imports of integrated circuits and exports In the restructuring process of global manufactur-
Chart II.6 of office and telecom equipment of China, 2000-2006
ing, China evolved as a leading importer of integrated
(Percentage change)
circuits and electronic components, while becoming
60
a prominent exporter of office and telecommunica-
50 tion equipment. Expanding by an average annual
40 rate of 34 per cent, China’s share in world imports
of integrated circuits increased from 7 per cent in
30
2000 to 28 per cent in 2006. Integrated circuits now
20 account for 15 per cent of total Chinese imports. In
10
2006, China recorded a trade deficit of $92.5 billion
in this product group. On the other hand, between
0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2000 and 2006, its exports of office and telecom
equipment increased by an average annual rate of
Imports of Integrated circuits Exports of office and telecom
37 per cent1.

1
Chinese data for office and telecom equipment are to be interpreted with caution, as they include the transhipment of products from China to China through
Hong Kong, China. The cost reduction motivation of such triangular trade, which amounts to about 9 per cent of China’s total imports, is discussed in the 2005
edition of WTO’s International Trade Statistics. In 2006 the transhipment of office and telecommunication equipment represented 20 per cent of China’s imports
of this product category.

39
8 Automotive products

High commodity prices stimulate a surge in imports of automotive products


merchandise trade by product

Buoyed by commodity price increases, the imports of automo-


tive products in the CIS, South and Central American, and African
regions expanded by 63 per cent, 29 per cent and 20 per cent Automotive product exports
respectively in 2006. The European Union accounted for 53 per Chart II.7 of selected economies, 2000-2006
cent of world exports and 44 per cent of world imports in 2006, (Billion dollars)
160
and remained the leading trader in automotive products. Extra-
European Union imports increased by a significant 18 per cent. 140

iI
120
Exports of transport equipment increased by 13 per cent, more 100
than double the 6 per cent growth registered in 2005. Exports 80
of automotive products, representing nearly 70 per cent of the
60
transport equipment category, accelerated to a growth rate of 10
40
per cent. While the European Union and the United States ex-
panded their exports by 11 per cent, Japan recorded a 13 per cent 20

increase, double that of its 2005 performance. The fifth major 0


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
exporter, the Republic of Korea, increased its exports by 14 per
cent. With an average annual growth of 45 per cent of exports Extra-EU (25) Canada
Japan Korea, Rep. of
between 2000 and 2006, China shows strong signs of success United States Mexico
in this market as well. Among the major exporters, only Canada,
facing structural problems in the sector and a strong currency,
registered a decline in its exports.

8 Textiles and clothing

While China’s share in world exports of clothing increases, diversification of its exports
reduces the importance of clothing in its total merchandise exports

Chart II.8 Clothing exports of China, 2000-2006 Clothing exports


(Percentage)
Chart II.9 of selected economies, 2000-2006
35 (Billion dollars)
100
30

80
25

60
20

15 40

10 20

5
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 China India
Extra-EU (25) Bangladesh
Share in world exports of clothing Share in its total exports Turkey

40
World trade in textiles and clothing rose by 10 per cent. Clothing, which accounts for nearly 60 per cent of the combined
trade, fared much better, registering a growth rate of 12 per cent, as compared to 7 per cent for textiles. In spite of the quotas
imposed by the European Union and the United States between 2000 and 2006, China has gained an additional 12 per cent of
the world clothing market and now accounts for 31 per cent of world exports. In 2006 , its exports rose by 29 per cent. China
has overtaken the European Union as the major clothing supplier; but the importance of clothing in its total exports is steadily

merchandise trade by product


declining, from 14 per cent in 2000 to 10 per cent in 2006.

The European Union increased its exports of textiles by a modest 3 per cent following a 4 per cent decline in 2005. China, on
top of the 23 per cent growth recorded in 2005, further expanded its exports by 19 per cent. Between 2000 and 2006 it more
than doubled its share in world exports of textiles, from 10 per cent to 22 per cent. The Republic of Korea, on the other hand,
lost more than two thirds of its market. With an average annual growth of 9 per cent between 2000 and 2006, Pakistan modestly
expanded its market share. The Russian Federation is a growing market for textiles, as growth in imports accelerated by 26 per
cent in 2006, following a 25 per cent increase in 2005. With an almost equal position in world exports and imports between 2000
and 2006, Turkey expanded it exports and imports of textiles by 13 per cent and 14 per cent respectively. Ii

41
42
1.  Overview

Table II. 1

World merchandise exports by product, 2006

merchandise trade by product


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Agricultural Fuels and mining


products products Manufactures

Office and
Iron and telecom Automotive
Total Fuels Total steel Chemicals equipment products Textiles Clothing

Value 945 2277 1771 8257 374 1248 1451 1016 219 311
Share in world merchandise trade 8.0 19.3 15.0 70.1 3.2 10.6 12.3 8.6 1.9 2.6
Annual percentage change Ii
1980-85 -2 -5 -5 2 -2 1 9 5 -1 4
1985-90 9 3 0 15 9 14 18 14 15 18
1990-95 7 2 1 9 8 10 15 8 8 8
1995-00 -1 10 12 5 -2 4 10 5 0 5
2000-06 9 17 18 10 17 14 7 10 5 8
2004 15 35 33 20 48 22 20 18 12 11
2005 8 38 43 10 17 12 11 7 5 7
2006 11 27 23 13 18 13 13 10 7 12

43
Table II.2

World merchandise exports by major product group and region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Agricultural Fuels and mining


products products Manufactures
Office and
Iron and telecom Automotive
Total Fuels Total steel Chemicals equipment products Textiles Clothing

World 944.5 2277.1 1770.5 8256.8 374.0 1247.8 1451.4 1015.9 218.6 311.4
Share in total exports 8.0 19.3 15.0 70.1 3.2 10.6 12.3 8.6 1.9 2.6
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 9 17 18 10 17 14 7 10 5 8
2005 8 38 43 10 17 12 11 7 5 7
iI 2006 11 27 23 13 18 13 13 10 7 12
North America 151.6 221.5 151.2 1233.2 23.2 173.7 198.1 204.3 17.2 13.0
Share in total exports 9.0 13.2 9.0 73.5 1.4 10.4 11.8 12.2 1.0 0.8
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 4.7 15.3 14.9 4.2 12.8 9.2 -0.8 4.3 1.5 -6.4
2005 4.2 34.3 37.9 9.6 26.5 8.8 4.9 9.4 3.0 -2.6
2006 11.1 23.9 15.4 11.7 11.2 12.9 11.7 8.6 1.4 -8.2
South and Central America 102.4 182.2 110.5 134.9 17.3 24.5 6.4 19.1 2.9 12.8
Share in total exports 23.8 42.4 25.7 31.4 4.0 5.7 1.5 4.4 0.7 3.0
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 12 18 15 11 18 14 7 16 6 3
2005 13 40 46 17 27 20 58 38 7 0
2006 13 34 24 13 10 21 11 16 7 -3
Europe 436.0 534.0 361.6 3890.3 177.1 743.2 427.1 549.8 82.8 107.1
Share in total exports 8.8 10.8 7.3 78.4 3.6 15.0 8.6 11.1 1.7 2.2
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 10 17 18 11 16 14 7 11 5 9
2005 7 32 41 7 14 10 13 3 -3 3
2006 9 29 22 12 17 12 12 9 4 7
CIS 29.8 275.0 237.9 106.0 38.9 22.2 1.1 5.3 1.7 1.6
Share in total exports 7.0 64.6 55.9 24.9 9.1 5.2 0.3 1.3 0.4 0.4
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 14 21 25 16 19 15 12 18 4 3
2005 16 42 49 9 15 17 -21 7 -14 -15
2006 15 30 29 15 11 14 34 25 -1 -6
Africa 32.0 249.0 225.1 71.2 7.0 11.3 2.4 5.4 1.6 9.8
Share in total exports 8.8 68.5 62.0 19.6 1.9 3.1 0.7 1.5 0.4 2.7
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 9 19 20 11 16 14 16 23 3 5
2005 8 44 48 11 4 19 22 10 2 -6
2006 7 26 26 10 1 15 23 31 9 6
Middle East 13.8 480.8 468.9 138.2 4.7 37.1 14.8 8.4 8.0 4.3
Share in total exports 2.1 74.5 72.7 21.4 0.7 5.7 2.3 1.3 1.2 0.7
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 14 16 16 14 25 20 8 22 4 7
2005 13 42 42 20 28 25 39 10 21 -3
2006 10 22 22 9 19 17 -16 15 10 3
Asia 179.1 334.7 215.3 2683.2 105.8 235.8 801.4 223.5 104.4 162.8
Share in total exports 5.5 10.2 6.6 81.9 3.2 7.2 24.4 6.8 3.2 5.0
Annual percentage change
2000-2006 10 18 16 12 20 15 10 12 7 10
2005 10 34 39 15 21 19 11 12 12 14
2006 14 29 22 16 27 15 15 15 9 20

44
Table II.3 Table II.4

Share of agricultural products in trade in total merchandise Share of fuels and mining products in trade in total
and in primary products by region, 2006 merchandise and in primary products by region, 2006

(Percentage) (Percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Exports Imports Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise Share in total merchandise


World 8.0 8.0 World 19.3 19.3
North America 9.0 5.9 North America 13.2 17.8
South and Central America 23.8 8.2 South and Central America 42.4 21.7
Europe 8.8 8.8 Europe 10.8 17.1
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 7.0 11.8 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 64.6 12.8
Africa 8.8 13.4 Africa 68.5 15.9
Middle East 2.1 10.0 Middle East 74.5 9.8
Asia
Share in primary products
5.5 7.3 Asia
Share in primary products
10.2 25.7
Ii
World 29.3 29.3 World 70.7 70.7
North America 40.6 25.0 North America 59.4 75.0
South and Central America 36.0 27.5 South and Central America 64.0 72.5
Europe 44.9 34.0 Europe 55.1 66.0
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 9.8 48.1 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 90.2 51.9
Africa 11.4 45.6 Africa 88.6 54.4
Middle East 2.8 50.5 Middle East 97.2 49.5
Asia 34.9 22.1 Asia 65.1 77.9

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product
and region. and region.

Table II.5 Table II.6

Share of fuels in trade in total merchandise and in primary Share of manufactures in total merchandise trade by region,
products by region, 2006 2006

(Percentage) (Percentage)

Exports Imports Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 70.1 70.1


World 15.0 15.0 North America 73.5 74.0
North America 9.0 14.8 South and Central America 31.4 67.2
South and Central America 25.7 19.1 Europe 78.4 71.8
Europe 7.3 12.8
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 24.9 74.2
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 55.9 10.7
Africa 19.6 68.0
Africa 62.0 13.7
Middle East 72.6 7.6 Middle East 21.4 77.4
Asia 6.6 19.5 Asia 81.9 64.7
Share in primary products Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product
World 55.0 55.0 and region.

North America 40.5 62.1


South and Central America 38.8 63.7
Europe 37.3 49.3
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 78.0 43.3
Africa 80.1 46.6
Middle East 94.8 38.2
Asia 41.9 59.1
Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product
and region.

45
Table II.7 Table II.8

Share of iron and steel in trade in total merchandise and in Share of chemicals in trade in total merchandise and in
manufactures by region, 2006 manufactures by region, 2006

(Percentage) (Percentage)
merchandise trade by product

Exports Imports Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise Share in total merchandise


World 3.2 3.2 World 10.6 10.6
North America 1.4 2.4 North America 10.4 8.4
South and Central America 4.0 2.8 South and Central America 5.7 12.7
Europe 3.6 3.4 Europe 15.0 12.5
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 9.1 3.9 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.2 10.6
Africa 1.9 4.3 Africa 3.1 9.9
Middle East 0.7 6.4 Middle East 5.7 8.2
Asia 3.2 2.9 Asia 7.2 9.3
iI Share in manufactures Share in manufactures
World 4.5 4.5 World 15.1 15.1
North America 1.9 3.2 North America 14.1 11.3
South and Central America 12.8 4.2 South and Central America 18.2 18.9
Europe 4.6 4.8 Europe 19.1 17.4
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 36.7 5.3 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 20.9 14.3
Africa 9.9 6.3 Africa 15.9 14.5
Middle East 3.4 8.3 Middle East 26.9 10.5
Asia 3.9 4.5 Asia 8.8 14.4
Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product
and region. and region.

Table II.9 Table II.10

Share of office and telecom equipment in trade in total Share of automotive products in trade in total merchandise
merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2006 and in manufactures by region, 2006

(Percentage) (Percentage)

Exports Imports Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise Share in total merchandise


World 12.3 12.3 World 8.6 8.6
North America 11.8 13.2 North America 12.2 13.2
South and Central America 1.5 8.6 South and Central America 4.4 8.4
Europe 8.6 10.3 Europe 11.1 9.6
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.3 6.6 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.3 10.4
Africa 0.7 6.5 Africa 1.5 9.7
Middle East 2.3 8.3 Middle East 1.3 10.4
Asia 24.4 18.0 Asia 6.8 3.0
Australia, Japan and New Zealand 12.7 11.8 Australia, Japan and New Zealand 17.9 4.7
Other Asia 28.2 19.9 Other Asia 3.3 2.4
Share in manufactures Share in manufactures
World 17.6 17.6 World 12.3 12.3
North America 16.1 17.8 North America 16.6 17.8
South and Central America 4.8 12.8 South and Central America 14.1 12.5
Europe 11.0 14.4 Europe 14.1 13.3
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.0 8.9 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.0 14.0
Africa 3.4 9.5 Africa 7.6 14.2
Middle East 10.7 10.7 Middle East 6.1 13.4
Asia 29.9 27.8 Asia 8.3 4.6
Australia, Japan and New Zealand 16.4 20.5 Australia, Japan and New Zealand 23.0 8.2
Other Asia 33.9 29.7 Other Asia 3.9 3.6
Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product
and region. and region.

46
Table II.11 Table II.12

Share of textiles in trade in total merchandise and in Share of clothing in trade in total merchandise and in
manufactures by region, 2006 manufactures by region, 2006

(Percentage) (Percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Exports Imports Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise Share in total merchandise


World 1.9 1.9 World 2.6 2.6
North America 1.0 1.4 North America 0.8 3.7
South and Central America 0.7 2.7 South and Central America 3.0 1.6
Europe 1.7 1.6 Europe 2.2 2.9
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 2.3 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 4.1
Africa 0.5 4.2 Africa 2.7 2.0
Middle East 1.2 3.5 Middle East 0.7 2.1
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
3.2
0.9
2.0
1.4
Asia
Australia, Japan and New Zealand
5.0
0.1
1.5
3.7
Ii
Other Asia 3.9 2.2 Other Asia 6.5 0.7
Share in manufactures Share in manufactures
World 2.6 2.6 World 3.8 3.8
North America 1.4 2.0 North America 1.1 5.0
South and Central America 2.2 4.0 South and Central America 9.5 2.3
Europe 2.1 2.3 Europe 2.8 4.1
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.6 3.1 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.5 5.6
Africa 2.3 6.1 Africa 13.7 3.0
Middle East 5.8 4.6 Middle East 3.1 2.7
Asia 3.9 3.1 Asia 6.1 2.3
Australia, Japan and New Zealand 1.2 2.4 Australia, Japan and New Zealand 0.1 6.5
Other Asia 4.7 3.3 Other Asia 7.8 1.1
Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product
and region. and region.

47
2.  Agriculture products

Table II.13

Exports of agricultural products by region, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 944.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 9 8 11


Europe
World 436.0 100.0 100.0 44.3 46.2 10 7 9
Europe 350.0 78.9 80.3 35.0 37.1 10 7 9

iI Asia
North America
23.5
22.5
6.1
5.4
5.4
5.2
2.7
2.4
2.5
2.4
8
9
6
5
11
11
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 13.1 2.0 3.0 0.9 1.4 18 16 24
Africa 12.4 3.3 2.8 1.4 1.3 8 4 13
Middle East 9.4 2.5 2.2 1.1 1.0 7 19 8
South and Central America 4.0 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 5 15 19
Asia
World 179.1 100.0 100.0 18.3 19.0 10 10 14
Asia 102.2 61.0 57.1 11.2 10.8 9 9 12
Europe 28.7 15.5 16.0 2.8 3.0 11 13 17
North America 26.2 13.9 14.6 2.6 2.8 11 13 14
Middle East 9.3 4.3 5.2 0.8 1.0 14 5 20
Africa 6.5 2.9 3.7 0.5 0.7 14 13 14
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.5 1.1 2.0 0.2 0.4 22 30 17
South and Central America 2.4 1.0 1.3 0.2 0.3 15 17 34
North America
World 151.6 100.0 100.0 20.9 16.0 5 4 11
North America 69.2 42.6 45.7 8.9 7.3 6 6 9
Asia 46.1 31.6 30.4 6.6 4.9 4 2 13
Europe 17.8 13.7 11.7 2.9 1.9 2 3 8
South and Central America 9.2 5.4 6.0 1.1 1.0 7 5 15
Africa 4.2 2.8 2.8 0.6 0.4 5 -1 15
Middle East 3.5 2.7 2.3 0.6 0.4 2 -5 35
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.4 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.2 6 15 0
South and Central America
World 102.4 100.0 100.0 9.5 10.8 12 13 13
Europe 31.5 33.9 30.8 3.2 3.3 10 10 11
Asia 19.4 15.9 18.9 1.5 2.1 15 16 6
North America 19.0 21.8 18.5 2.1 2.0 9 11 12
South and Central America 15.4 18.7 15.0 1.8 1.6 8 8 23
Africa 5.8 3.1 5.7 0.3 0.6 24 23 18
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.5 2.1 5.3 0.2 0.6 31 62 18
Middle East 5.2 3.8 5.1 0.4 0.6 17 10 22
Africa
World 32.0 100.0 100.0 3.4 3.4 9 8 7
Europe 13.6 48.9 42.6 1.7 1.4 7 1 -3
Africa 6.6 17.7 20.6 0.6 0.7 12 17 16
Asia 6.2 19.3 19.5 0.7 0.7 9 9 13
Middle East 1.8 5.3 5.7 0.2 0.2 11 29 27
North America 1.8 5.6 5.6 0.2 0.2 9 11 -3
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.9 1.0 2.7 0.0 0.1 29 56 25
South and Central America 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 3 49 13
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
World 29.8 100.0 100.0 2.4 3.2 14 16 15
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 9.3 27.5 31.3 0.7 1.0 17 10 12
Asia 8.1 28.6 27.4 0.7 0.9 13 13 20
Europe 8.0 34.0 27.0 0.8 0.9 10 14 17
Middle East 1.7 2.4 5.7 0.1 0.2 32 60 12
Africa 1.2 1.7 4.1 0.0 0.1 32 100 -4
North America 0.7 3.1 2.5 0.1 0.1 10 27 14
South and Central America 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 3 -58 123
Middle East
World 13.8 100.0 100.0 1.1 1.5 14 13 10
Middle East 7.2 45.1 52.4 0.5 0.8 17 20 18
Europe 2.5 25.8 17.9 0.3 0.3 7 11 3
Asia 1.5 10.8 10.6 0.1 0.2 13 23 15
Africa 1.0 3.5 7.3 0.0 0.1 28 32 20
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.7 4.7 5.0 0.1 0.1 15 27 45
North America 0.3 3.2 2.2 0.0 0.0 7 4 -4
South and Central America 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0 -11 18

48
Table II.14

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Canada a United States
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 24486 100.0 8 11 12 World 103637 100.0 7 9 8
North America 15173 62.0 6 9 11 North America 37705 36.4 5 6 5
Europe 3141 12.8 9 15 12 Asia 23993 23.2 9 9 12
Asia 3127 12.8 12 16 11 Europe 20282 19.6 8 10 9
South and Central America 2420 9.9 11 19 15 South and Central America 18804 18.1 7 11 11 Ii
Africa 433 1.8 12 -4 22 Africa 1850 1.8 8 16 0
CIS 127 0.5 15 -3 30 CIS 667 0.6 9 28 21
Middle East 65 0.3 7 9 7 Middle East 336 0.3 7 2 -7
Suppliers Suppliers
United States 14301 58.4 6 8 9 Canada 26525 25.6 3 4 2
European Union (25) 2902 11.9 9 14 13 European Union (25) 18873 18.2 8 10 9
China 871 3.6 25 35 16 Mexico 11177 10.8 9 14 12
Mexico 806 3.3 19 20 42 China 5219 5.0 22 21 25
Brazil 665 2.7 13 26 22 Chile 3993 3.9 11 9 17
Above 5 19545 79.8 - - - Above 5 65787 63.5 - - -
Chile 460 1.9 15 14 19 Brazil 3970 3.8 10 10 10
Thailand 439 1.8 6 8 17 Thailand 3454 3.3 4 7 18
Australia 415 1.7 7 19 8 Indonesia 3046 2.9 12 15 13
New Zealand 282 1.2 8 10 -9 Australia 2653 2.6 7 -1 1
Colombia 281 1.1 10 35 16 New Zealand 1948 1.9 6 1 -4
Indonesia 242 1.0 14 9 18 Colombia 1744 1.7 5 20 4
India 187 0.8 12 7 31 Ecuador 1449 1.4 7 7 10
Guatemala 182 0.7 10 29 28 Costa Rica 1409 1.4 5 2 27
Costa Rica 172 0.7 12 16 10 India 1384 1.3 3 2 4
Argentina 144 0.6 4 42 6 Viet Nam 1248 1.2 15 12 8
Viet Nam 137 0.6 16 12 7 Argentina 1189 1.1 6 21 18
South Africa 134 0.5 7 -2 2 Malaysia 1131 1.1 15 11 24
Peru 130 0.5 15 17 24 Guatemala 1091 1.1 5 16 1
Russian Federation 118 0.5 14 -3 33 Philippines 1009 1.0 6 5 9
Malaysia 110 0.4 10 13 3 Peru 873 0.8 18 20 26
Côte d'Ivoire 106 0.4 20 -1 26 Japan 859 0.8 3 10 9
Ecuador 106 0.4 5 2 25 Korea, Republic of 645 0.6 8 25 -4
Switzerland 87 0.4 15 39 16 Dominican Republic 629 0.6 5 2 22
Philippines 84 0.3 11 4 18 Honduras 622 0.6 4 8 1
Korea, Republic of 79 0.3 8 4 -9 Russian Federation 617 0.6 9 29 22
Japan 75 0.3 5 3 14 Côte d'Ivoire 535 0.5 10 31 -22
Turkey 72 0.3 21 40 29 Turkey 517 0.5 11 22 9
Morocco 69 0.3 8 46 21 Taipei, Chinese 491 0.5 -1 9 0
Taipei, Chinese 66 0.3 7 9 5 Nicaragua 371 0.4 7 9 22
Canada 65 0.3 ... ... 35 Uruguay 366 0.4 23 39 -36
Norway 42 0.2 -3 - - South Africa 310 0.3 3 7 4
Uruguay 39 0.2 -4 -5 -45 Norway 286 0.3 5 13 34
Honduras 32 0.1 19 9 -16 Switzerland 277 0.3 3 -1 16
Hong Kong, China 30 0.1 -3 -9 0 Israel 216 0.2 7 -10 -6
El Salvador 27 0.1 13 53 17 Bangladesh 207 0.2 5 -19 35
Ghana 24 0.1 23 0 167 Panama 185 0.2 3 22 -3
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 24 0.1 3 5 9 Iceland 183 0.2 -2 -9 10
Jamaica 24 0.1 1 22 9 El Salvador 167 0.2 -3 52 -10
Nicaragua 23 0.1 10 -11 -4 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 162 0.2 -7 -17 -5
Nigeria 23 0.1 29 -88 475 Fiji 156 0.2 23 25 1
Above 40 24075 98.3 - - - Above 40 101186 97.6 - - -

49
Table II.14 (continued)

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

European Union (25) Japan


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 433662 100.0 9 6 8 World 65610 100.0 1 1 0
Europe 327796 75.6 10 7 8 Asia 28179 42.9 3 2 2
South and Central America 34953 8.1 10 5 8 North America 20936 31.9 -2 -1 -3
Asia 27946 6.4 9 7 15 Europe 8008 12.2 2 -3 -2
iI Africa 17452 4.0 7 2 2 South and Central America 4981 7.6 4 8 2
North America 16378 3.8 1 -1 6 CIS 1951 3.0 0 -4 2
CIS 6310 1.5 9 11 13 Africa 1430 2.2 0 9 -7
Middle East 2477 0.6 7 6 1 Middle East 125 0.2 0 39 -11
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 309939 71.5 10 7 8 United States 15724 24.0 -2 0 -2
Brazil 13615 3.1 10 3 4 China 9163 14.0 5 5 2
United States 11939 2.8 1 -1 6 European Union (25) 7045 10.7 2 -4 -2
Argentina 6977 1.6 10 1 14 Australia 5159 7.9 4 -1 -3
China 5464 1.3 14 25 20 Canada 4649 7.1 -2 -6 -4
Above 5 347934 80.2 - - - Above 5 41740 63.6 - - -
Norway 4508 1.0 7 11 19 Thailand 3607 5.5 4 7 10
Turkey 4119 0.9 13 20 3 Chile 1908 2.9 5 10 4
Russian Federation 3988 0.9 8 12 11 Russian Federation 1907 2.9 0 -4 1
Canada 3681 0.8 0 -5 6 Indonesia 1878 2.9 3 3 20
Indonesia 3608 0.8 9 8 14 Brazil 1757 2.7 6 8 -7
Chile 3208 0.7 14 11 13 Korea, Republic of 1341 2.0 -6 -5 -11
Switzerland 3032 0.7 10 6 19 New Zealand 1309 2.0 1 5 -7
Malaysia 2898 0.7 12 4 13 Viet Nam 1096 1.7 10 6 6
Thailand 2869 0.7 7 1 24 Malaysia 1070 1.6 1 4 11
New Zealand 2773 0.6 8 5 0 Taipei, Chinese 1025 1.6 -3 -12 -19
South Africa 2594 0.6 8 1 -4 Philippines 937 1.4 3 6 -3
India 2319 0.5 8 7 18 South Africa 665 1.0 6 10 -11
Australia 2307 0.5 3 -12 4 India 661 1.0 -5 7 7
Côte d'Ivoire 2236 0.5 5 -12 1 Mexico 563 0.9 4 6 1
Morocco 2221 0.5 11 14 4 Norway 420 0.6 -7 -4 -20
Colombia 1869 0.4 8 26 4 Singapore 323 0.5 1 16 11
Ecuador 1860 0.4 13 22 4 Colombia 289 0.4 4 38 -2
Viet Nam 1835 0.4 21 24 57 Peru 244 0.4 14 -5 39
Iceland 1487 0.3 9 3 8 Argentina 241 0.4 0 3 48
Ukraine 1448 0.3 21 10 23 Ecuador 156 0.2 -5 -6 16
Peru 1433 0.3 14 30 26 Turkey 138 0.2 10 1 4
Costa Rica 1416 0.3 9 -4 12 Morocco 125 0.2 -13 58 10
Israel 1347 0.3 7 12 1 Myanmar 119 0.2 8 7 21
Kenya 1174 0.3 9 7 12 Iceland 118 0.2 -3 9 -8
Ghana 1086 0.3 14 -4 7 Sri Lanka 112 0.2 -1 -8 18
Cameroon 1083 0.2 5 11 -3 Mauritania 98 0.1 4 13 -22
Tunisia 934 0.2 17 -18 44 Guatemala 93 0.1 2 51 -15
Romania 907 0.2 12 -6 17 Ethiopia 92 0.1 8 0 24
Croatia 889 0.2 20 32 30 Croatia 90 0.1 30 -20 100
Bulgaria 851 0.2 19 15 16 Ghana 79 0.1 10 -27 10
Mexico 751 0.2 8 19 11 Romania 70 0.1 69 103 19
Serbia 724 0.2 ... ... 93 Uruguay 70 0.1 7 150 75
Uruguay 701 0.2 14 -5 18 Papua New Guinea 67 0.1 -11 -13 -13
Philippines 658 0.2 8 9 4 Israel 64 0.1 5 40 -3
Egypt 600 0.1 17 11 8 Greenland 63 0.1 -7 5 -9
Above 40 416748 96.1 - - - Above 40 64535 98.4 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

50
Table II.15

Leading exporters and importers of agricultural products, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 405.25 - - 41.5 42.9 10 14 7 9
extra-EU (25) exports 95.31 - - 10.1 10.1 9 11 8 13
United States 92.66 17.0 14.3 12.9 9.8 4 4 4 12
Canada 44.23 5.0 5.4 6.3 4.7 4 19 3 7
Brazil 39.53 3.4 2.4 2.8 4.2 17 27 14 13
China 32.54 1.5 2.4 3.0 3.4 12 9 19 13
Australia
Thailand
22.18
21.58
3.3
1.2
2.9
1.9
3.0
2.2
2.3
2.3
5
10
35
13
-4
4
5
21
Ii
Argentina 21.33 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.3 10 13 12 11
Indonesia 18.32 1.6 1.0 1.4 1.9 15 27 16 30
Russian Federation a 17.06 - - 1.4 1.8 14 13 20 16
Malaysia 15.57 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.6 12 14 2 16
Mexico 14.69 0.8 0.8 1.6 1.6 8 13 13 17
India a, b 14.41 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.5 14 8 26 34
New Zealand 13.24 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 10 24 7 2
Chile 11.49 0.4 0.7 1.2 1.2 10 22 11 14
Above 15 784.09 - - 83.5 83.0 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 433.66 - - 42.3 43.3 9 14 6 8
extra-EU (25) imports 123.72 - - 13.3 12.4 8 13 5 9
United States 103.65 8.7 9.0 11.6 10.3 7 14 9 8
Japan 65.62 9.6 11.5 10.4 6.6 1 12 1 0
China 51.65 2.1 1.8 3.3 5.2 18 39 7 14
Canada d 23.95 1.8 2.0 2.6 2.4 8 8 11 12
Russian Federation a, d 23.38 - - 1.6 2.3 17 13 23 22
Korea, Republic of 18.58 1.5 2.2 2.2 1.9 6 11 5 11
Mexico d 18.46 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.8 9 11 7 12
Hong Kong, China 11.90 1.2 1.9 2.0 1.2 0 3 -1 7
retained imports 7.79 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 3 9 3 7
Taipei, Chinese 9.67 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.0 3 13 5 2
Switzerland 8.85 1.2 1.3 1.0 0.9 8 9 4 7
United Arab Emirates a, c 8.81 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 ... 31 17 ...
Saudi Arabia a 8.56 1.5 0.8 0.9 0.9 7 12 31 -6
Malaysia 8.50 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8 11 37 3 17
India a, b 7.84 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.8 12 7 7 7
Above 15 798.99 - - 82.1 79.8 - - - -

a Includes Secretariat estimates.


b Figures refer to fiscal year.
c 2005 instead of 2006
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

51
Table II.16

Exports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


World 414723 | 552345 786020 850746 944531 8.8 8.0
Argentina 7482 11954 17082 19182 21333 45.4 45.8
Australia 11875 16446 22060 21209 22178 25.7 18.0
Belarus - 761 1589 1720 1844 10.4 9.3
Brazil 9779 15467 30868 35052 39528 28.1 28.8
Bulgaria ... | 605 1242 1440 1555 12.6 10.3
Cameroon b 695 438 763 735 1011 23.9 28.3
Canada 22339 34789 40100 41178 44230 12.6 11.4
iI Chile 2779 6399 9124 10098 11492 33.3 19.8
China 10060 16384 24121 28711 32543 6.6 3.4
Colombia 2514 3106 3510 4569 4922 23.8 20.2
Costa Rica 927 1812 2143 2337 2675 30.9 32.6
Côte d'Ivoire b 2374 2308 3571 3368 3508 59.4 41.7
Croatia ... 595 1014 1216 1518 13.4 14.6
Ecuador 1236 1948 2785 3215 3935 39.5 31.1
Egypt b 669 613 1331 1645 ... 13.1 15.4
European Union (25) - 229313 348078 371849 405247 9.4 8.9
intra-EU (25) exports - 173280 269972 287643 309939 10.5 10.2
extra-EU (25) exports - 56033 78106 84206 95308 7.1 6.4
Ghana b ... 621 1357 1643 1616 37.2 43.6
Guatemala 849 1618 | 1716 1996 2229 60.0 37.0
Honduras c 680 782 915 1073 1184 21.2 24.6
Hong Kong, China 4556 5693 4634 4314 4688 2.8 1.5
domestic exports 821 454 517 535 576 1.9 2.5
re-exports 3735 5240 4116 3779 4113 2.9 1.4
Iceland 1274 1257 1778 1833 1857 66.1 53.7
India b, d 3506 6401 8588 10780 14412 14.1 11.7
Indonesia 4154 7764 12142 14063 18320 11.9 17.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 601 932 1530 2279 2657 3.2 3.6
Israel b 1327 1182 1520 1521 1532 3.8 3.3
Japan 3298 4395 5468 6007 6482 0.9 1.0
Jordan 111 190 568 654 704 10.0 13.6
Kenya 559 1062 1386 1503 ... 61.3 45.6
Korea, Republic of 2985 4298 4984 5285 5346 2.5 1.6
Malaysia 7500 8015 13127 13377 15573 8.2 9.7
Mexico 3466 9100 11142 12557 14694 5.5 5.9
Morocco 1228 1746 2054 2575 2629 23.5 20.7
New Zealand 5966 7642 12157 13006 13235 57.6 59.0
Nicaragua 295 547 591 716 843 84.8 82.0
Norway 3077 4244 5007 5926 6615 7.1 5.4
Pakistan b 1081 1234 1570 2155 2210 13.7 13.1
Panama b 263 580 757 820 774 67.5 73.9
Paraguay 863 699 1406 1432 1582 80.4 83.0
Peru 789 1911 2676 3162 3812 27.2 16.3
Philippines 1683 2026 2553 2729 3075 5.1 6.5
Romania 184 829 1381 1458 1760 8.0 5.4
Russian Federation b - 7757 12241 14677 17055 7.3 5.6
Serbia ... ... ... ... 1372 ... 21.3
Serbia and Montenegro ... 389 935 1020 ... 22.6 20.1
Singapore 4095 3723 | 4293 4542 5088 2.7 1.9
domestic exports b 1183 1202 | 1769 1879 2101 1.5 1.5
re-exports b 2912 2521 | 2524 2662 2992 4.3 2.3
South Africa 1691 3227 4661 5246 5022 10.8 8.6
Sri Lanka b 758 1093 1252 1496 1697 20.1 24.6
Switzerland 2244 2521 | 3731 4007 4693 3.1 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 767 621 986 1084 ... 13.4 12.4
Taipei, Chinese 3732 3509 4346 4468 4320 2.4 2.0
Tanzania ... 432 618 682 704 65.9 41.6
Thailand 7786 12220 17072 17816 21584 17.7 16.5
Tunisia b 418 548 1137 1155 1467 9.4 12.7
Turkey b 3300 3828 6304 8093 8666 13.8 10.1
Ukraine - 1585 3908 4734 5132 10.9 13.4
United Arab Emirates b 501 2155 3244 3387 3633 4.3 2.6
United States 59404 71408 79567 82674 92664 9.1 8.9
Uruguay 1025 1278 1860 2129 2566 55.7 64.9
Viet Nam b ... 3954 5958 6893 ... 27.3 21.2

a Or nearest year.
b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Shares include significant exports into processing zones.
d Figures refer to fiscal year.

52
Table II.17

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 2766 2815 4362 4280 4506 30.7 21.0
Argentina 326 1644 1144 1247 1396 6.5 4.1
Australia b 2735 4234 5932 6579 7268 5.9 5.5
Bangladesh c, d 835 1716 2693 2709 ... 22.5 21.0
Belarus - 1227 2001 1843 2244 14.2 10.1
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 986 1970 2435 2404 3278 13.5 10.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina d ... ... 1047 1313 1378 ... 18.9
Brazil 2690 5162 4446 4698 5899 8.7 6.2
Canada b 9009 15272 19374 21456 23951 6.4 6.8
Chile 461 1421 1922 2156 2657 7.7 6.9 Ii
China 7855 19544 42279 45189 51653 8.7 6.5
Colombia 593 1736 2119 2191 2704 15.0 10.4
Costa Rica 209 497 769 687 1176 7.8 10.2
Côte d'Ivoire b ... 453 833 884 1038 16.3 19.6
Croatia ... 777 1624 1785 2023 9.9 9.4
Cuba ... 826 1261 ... ... 17.1 22.7
Dominican Republic b, d 413 964 1066 1172 1336 10.2 11.9
Egypt d 4793 4208 3647 4791 ... 30.0 24.2
European Union (25) e - 252288 377673 400969 433662 9.9 9.1
extra-EU (25) imports - 79112 107701 113326 123723 8.6 7.3
Guatemala 196 673 | 1150 1267 1379 14.1 11.6
Hong Kong, China 8325 11728 11183 11087 11904 5.5 3.5
retained imports 4591 6488 7067 7308 7792 18.6 21.7
India c, d 1721 3900 6906 7357 7840 7.6 4.2
Indonesia 2126 5727 6610 7316 7487 13.1 9.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d 3830 2943 3669 3794 5105 21.2 10.0
Israel d 1565 2288 2920 2930 3514 6.1 7.0
Jamaica d 314 544 655 787 840 16.3 14.9
Japan 50762 62185 65427 65947 65623 16.4 11.3
Jordan 709 942 1500 1547 1671 20.5 14.6
Kazakhstan - 506 1004 1413 1849 10.0 7.4
Korea, Republic of 9531 12837 16036 16773 18579 8.0 6.0
Kuwait d 589 1312 1558 1981 2014 18.3 12.6
Lebanon b, d ... 1210 1580 1602 1628 19.4 16.9
Malaysia 2404 4610 7027 7245 8505 5.6 6.5
Mexico b 5374 10989 15380 16457 18461 6.3 7.2
Morocco 1096 1941 2478 2774 2832 16.8 12.0
New Zealand 756 1204 1855 2200 2329 8.7 8.8
Nigeria d 658 1212 2293 2963 ... 13.9 14.3
Norway 2090 2956 4319 4823 5239 8.6 8.2
Oman d 506 1158 1213 1263 ... 23.0 14.1
Pakistan 1568 1882 2886 3656 4131 17.3 13.9
Peru 668 998 1481 1654 1795 13.5 11.7
Philippines b, d 1665 3104 3228 3699 3719 8.4 7.2
Romania 1249 1092 2422 2843 3459 8.4 6.8
Russian Federation b, d - 9262 15550 19154 23377 20.7 14.3
Saudi Arabia d 3487 5663 6983 9138 8564 18.7 12.9
Senegal d 372 394 858 950 917 25.9 26.7
Singapore 4702 4890 | 6014 6408 6985 3.6 2.9
retained imports d 1789 2369 | 3490 3745 3996 3.1 3.6
South Africa b 1219 1650 2977 3048 3687 6.2 5.3
Sri Lanka d 549 934 1042 1131 1336 13.0 13.0
Switzerland 5920 5693 7935 8246 8854 6.9 6.3
Syrian Arab Republic 791 850 1456 1719 ... 22.3 18.1
Taipei, Chinese 6203 7899 9010 9480 9669 5.6 4.8
Thailand 3230 4484 6400 7120 7366 7.2 5.7
Tunisia d 819 968 1450 1461 1697 11.3 11.4
Turkey d 2806 4133 6059 6480 7471 7.6 5.4
Ukraine - 1092 2247 3075 3574 7.8 7.9
United Arab Emirates d 1726 3857 6206 7241 8811 11.0 9.0
United States 39966 69115 88112 95803 103648 5.5 5.4
Viet Nam d 236 1269 2412 2892 ... 8.1 7.8
Yemen ... ... 1092 1201 1084 ... 22.0

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.

53
3.  Fuels and mining products

Table II.18

Exports of fuels and mining products by region, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 2277.1 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 17 38 27


Europe
World 534.0 100.0 100.0 23.6 23.5 17 32 29
Europe 434.9 79.8 81.4 18.9 19.1 18 32 29

iI North America
Asia
45.6
17.7
11.0
3.5
8.5
3.3
2.6
0.8
2.0
0.8
12
16
27
20
19
34
Africa 10.7 1.6 2.0 0.4 0.5 22 50 34
Middle East 7.4 0.9 1.4 0.2 0.3 27 69 18
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.6 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.2 20 32 50
South and Central America 3.3 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.1 17 51 44
Middle East
World 480.8 100.0 100.0 23.0 21.1 16 42 22
Asia 308.9 62.3 64.2 14.3 13.6 16 42 24
Europe 71.6 14.4 14.9 3.3 3.1 16 43 16
North America 49.0 11.5 10.2 2.6 2.2 14 29 17
Middle East 12.9 1.9 2.7 0.4 0.6 23 36 21
Africa 12.4 3.7 2.6 0.8 0.5 9 21 23
South and Central America 2.9 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.1 8 19 19
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18 39 41
Asia
World 334.7 100.0 100.0 14.6 14.7 18 34 29
Asia 267.2 79.8 79.8 11.7 11.7 18 33 26
Europe 24.7 6.6 7.4 1.0 1.1 20 40 36
North America 18.1 6.9 5.4 1.0 0.8 13 38 31
Middle East 9.3 0.9 2.8 0.1 0.4 42 44 96
Africa 5.4 0.5 1.6 0.1 0.2 41 51 152
South and Central America 4.0 1.5 1.2 0.2 0.2 14 44 21
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 24 27 29
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
World 275.0 100.0 100.0 10.0 12.1 21 42 30
Europe 194.7 63.4 70.8 6.3 8.6 24 49 32
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 32.1 14.9 11.7 1.5 1.4 16 23 33
Asia 22.2 7.6 8.1 0.8 1.0 23 29 27
North America 15.9 7.0 5.8 0.7 0.7 17 51 21
South and Central America 4.4 5.4 1.6 0.5 0.2 -1 55 -6
Middle East 4.1 1.1 1.5 0.1 0.2 28 -4 38
Africa 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 12 -35 -14
Africa
World 249.0 100.0 100.0 10.0 10.9 19 44 26
Europe 92.3 44.6 37.1 4.5 4.1 16 47 23
North America 69.7 24.2 28.0 2.4 3.1 22 55 26
Asia 54.6 20.0 21.9 2.0 2.4 21 35 34
Africa 13.0 5.1 5.2 0.5 0.6 20 36 33
South and Central America 10.2 4.1 4.1 0.4 0.4 19 34 24
Middle East 1.4 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.1 10 17 19
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 23 53 8
North America
World 221.5 100.0 100.0 10.9 9.7 15 34 24
North America 154.1 75.4 69.6 8.2 6.8 14 34 16
Asia 26.6 9.5 12.0 1.0 1.2 20 34 46
Europe 25.1 9.8 11.4 1.1 1.1 18 36 49
South and Central America 13.0 4.3 5.9 0.5 0.6 21 39 43
Middle East 1.4 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.1 22 18 106
Africa 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.1 14 46 76
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 25 191 -28
South and Central America
World 182.2 100.0 100.0 7.9 8.0 18 40 34
North America 67.2 47.6 36.9 3.8 3.0 13 57 21
South and Central America 44.1 24.2 24.2 1.9 1.9 18 46 28
Europe 33.3 14.2 18.3 1.1 1.5 23 18 64
Asia 33.2 10.2 18.2 0.8 1.5 30 46 49
Africa 1.9 0.5 1.1 0.0 0.1 34 96 75
Middle East 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.0 11 36 5
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 14 108 -2

54
Table II.19

Imports of fuels of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

European Union (25) United States


Region Region
World 616169 100.0 19 47 25 World 345059 100.0 16 38 16
Europe 259629 42.1 18 40 22 North America 108436 31.4 16 33 16
CIS 139239 22.6 25 50 28 Africa 70073 20.3 22 53 25
Africa 80901 13.1 15 47 22 South and Central America 64223 18.6 14 42 8
Middle East 59548 9.7 11 42 14 Middle East 50229 14.6 13 23 16
South and Central America 10948 1.8 25 72 60 Europe 30316 8.8 14 34 6 Ii
Asia 9441 1.5 29 39 21 CIS 12170 3.5 54 76 23
North America 9321 1.5 15 38 13 Asia 9612 2.8 12 36 26
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 196690 31.9 19 44 24 Canada 74392 21.6 15 34 12
Russian Federation 114420 18.6 24 50 26 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 36144 10.5 13 38 11
Norway 57716 9.4 15 29 15 Mexico 34044 9.9 17 31 28
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 29140 4.7 17 41 26 Saudi Arabia 32500 9.4 15 29 16
Saudi Arabia 24882 4.0 12 38 6 Nigeria 28908 8.4 17 46 16
Algeria 21320 3.5 11 37 12 European Union (25) 25313 7.3 17 40 11
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 15665 2.5 15 47 22 Algeria 16078 4.7 33 37 49
Kazakhstan 13042 2.1 34 47 32 Angola 12116 3.5 22 85 38
Nigeria 12618 2.0 15 69 32 Iraq 11832 3.4 10 3 27
Iraq 6290 1.0 1 43 40 Russian Federation 10617 3.1 52 72 24
Above 10 491783 79.8 - - - Above 10 281944 81.7 - - -
Japan China
Region Region
World 161683 100.0 11 23 34 World 89001 100.0 28 33 39
Middle East 85573 64.3 13 23 40 Middle East 34143 38.4 26 47 35
Asia 40007 30.1 8 18 26 Africa 21095 23.7 34 44 44
Africa 3135 2.4 35 69 8 Asia 17593 19.8 18 6 21
North America 2083 1.6 -1 45 3 CIS 10860 12.2 51 53 51
CIS 2039 1.5 50 61 39 South and Central America 4604 5.2 95 50 209
South and Central America 160 0.1 9 -48 -14 North America 1857 2.1 70 105 41
Europe 49 0.0 2 13 -18 Europe 375 0.4 -9 -53 -2
Suppliers Suppliers
Saudi Arabia 28256 21.2 15 27 56 Saudi Arabia 11877 13.3 41 71 28
United Arab Emirates 25039 18.8 11 28 38 Angola 10931 12.3 35 39 66
Qatar 12333 9.3 15 28 47 Russian Federation 9464 10.6 52 57 44
Australia 10734 8.1 5 11 18 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 9028 10.1 34 52 49
Indonesia 10604 8.0 13 21 35 Oman 6086 6.8 11 -4 48
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 10253 7.7 14 11 25 Korea, Republic of 5812 6.5 19 9 66
Kuwait 7632 5.7 9 26 33 Congo 2504 2.8 43 54 22
Malaysia 3360 2.5 9 29 2 Singapore 2502 2.8 20 -4 13
Korea, Republic of 2716 2.0 6 -36 68 Equatorial Guinea 2444 2.7 46 47 79
China 2286 1.7 7 3 21 United Arab Emirates 2385 2.7 37 71 37
Above 10 113213 85.1 - - - Above 10 63033 70.8 - - -

55
Table II.20

Imports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Argentina 333 928 922 1425 1604 3.7 4.7
Australia b 2188 5898 9511 13185 17518 8.3 13.2
Bahrain 1827 2107 2830 4279 4981 45.5 55.7
Belarus - 2585 4525 5519 7324 29.9 32.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina c ... ... 550 914 1152 ... 15.8
Brazil 6045 8872 12264 14366 18405 15.0 19.2
Bulgaria ... | 1680 570 973 1143 25.8 4.9
Canada b 7313 12481 19360 28881 31901 5.2 9.1
iI Chile 1099 3014 4653 6465 8449 16.3 22.0
China 1259 20637 47993 63947 89001 9.2 11.2
Costa Rica 219 486 748 988 1542 7.6 13.4
Côte d'Ivoire b ... 838 1094 1644 1850 30.1 34.8
Croatia ... 1145 1987 2806 3405 14.5 15.8
Cuba ... 1158 1310 ... ... 23.9 23.6
Dominican Republic b ... 1505 1668 2451 2788 15.9 24.9
Ecuador 38 281 799 1154 2564 7.5 21.3
Egypt 243 1063 1104 2676 ... 7.6 13.5
El Salvador c 140 595 700 1407 ... 12.0 20.6
European Union (25) d - 216323 335078 493370 616169 8.4 13.0
extra-EU (25) imports - 147397 225107 334569 419479 16.0 24.7
Guatemala 278 620 | 1123 1632 1901 12.9 15.9
Honduras e 153 382 625 764 1053 11.6 19.7
Hong Kong, China 1996 4533 6418 7967 9772 2.1 2.9
retained imports 1567 4102 5977 7396 9141 11.8 25.5
India c, f 6495 17839 34146 50503 71961 34.7 38.2
Indonesia 1937 6071 12201 17389 17648 13.9 22.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c ... 311 2556 3750 8006 2.2 15.7
Israel c 1354 3587 4696 6759 8490 9.5 17.0
Jamaica c 380 586 893 1384 1530 17.6 27.1
Japan 56777 77425 99469 133069 161691 20.4 27.9
Jordan 471 194 1565 2416 2720 4.2 23.8
Kazakhstan - 564 1693 2062 3051 11.2 12.2
Kenya 424 642 1108 1272 ... 20.7 20.7
Korea, Republic of 11023 38077 50279 67501 86707 23.7 28.0
Malaysia 1487 3940 6615 9229 11745 4.8 9.0
Mexico b 1125 5232 7536 12164 14471 3.0 5.7
Morocco 1168 2039 2961 4460 5041 17.7 21.4
New Zealand c 727 1446 2239 3167 3911 10.4 14.8
Norway 1178 1193 2059 2173 2873 3.5 4.5
Pakistan 1529 3598 3903 5299 7680 33.1 25.8
Peru 327 1156 1886 2471 2960 15.6 19.3
Philippines b, c 1943 4095 4723 6263 8126 11.1 15.8
Romania 2906 1583 3885 5644 6910 12.1 13.5
Russian Federation b, c - 1639 1623 1671 2035 3.7 1.2
Senegal c 194 317 522 731 950 20.9 27.7
Serbia ... ... ... ... 2595 ... 19.7
Serbia and Montenegro ... 745 1703 1989 ... 20.1 17.1
Singapore 9632 16219 | 25805 35494 44794 12.1 18.8
retained imports c 9545 16106 | 23847 32694 37978 21.3 34.5
South Africa b 88 3826 6878 7846 12678 14.3 18.3
Sri Lanka c 333 551 1139 1115 1634 7.7 15.9
Switzerland 3155 3747 6321 9049 11237 4.5 7.9
Taipei, Chinese 5953 13030 21499 28097 36721 9.3 18.2
Tanzania ... 294 417 274 1076 18.5 24.2
Thailand 3084 7549 13206 20943 25640 12.2 19.9
Trinidad and Tobago 143 1068 1176 1982 ... 32.3 34.8
Tunisia c 493 902 1306 1798 2031 10.5 13.7
Turkey c 4622 7515 11133 15764 17608 13.8 12.7
Ukraine - 5997 9755 10661 12711 43.0 28.2
United States 68741 139622 216377 298037 345059 11.1 18.0
Uruguay 238 530 740 941 1313 15.3 27.6
Viet Nam c ... 2113 3981 5455 ... 13.5 14.8
Yemen ... ... 482 1040 1082 ... 21.9

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.
d See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
e Shares include significant imports into processing zones.
f Figures refer to fiscal year.

56
Table II.21

Imports of fuels of selected regions and economies from the Middle East, 2000 and 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Annual percentage change

2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Asia 135.3 339.6 17 36 39 24


Japan 47.5 107.0 14 23 40 25
Korea, Republic of 24.4 59.1 16 24 44 31
China 8.7 34.1 26 51 47 35
India ... 30.8 ... ... ... ...
Taipei, Chinese 5.4 22.5 27 32 43 32
Singapore 10.0 21.2 13 36 33 17
Thailand
Pakistan
5.4
3.5
16.7
7.3
20
13
52
15
41
36
23
50
Ii
Indonesia 2.3 4.9 13 -16 128 20
Europe 34.4 65.5 11 33 40 15
European Union (25) 31.9 59.5 11 36 42 14
Turkey a 2.2 4.7 ... 19 30 ...
North America 25.8 53.9 13 29 24 16
United States 24.4 50.2 13 30 23 16
Canada b 1.1 3.3 20 17 40 28

a 2005 instead of 2006.


b Imports are valued f.o.b.

57
4.  Manufactures

Table II.22

Exports of manufactures by region, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 8256.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 10 10 13


Europe
World 3890.3 100.0 100.0 45.2 47.1 11 7 12
Europe 2814.6 72.1 72.3 32.6 34.1 11 6 12

iI North America
Asia
354.3
319.2
11.2
8.2
9.1
8.2
5.0
3.7
4.3
3.9
7
11
5
6
7
10
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 123.2 1.3 3.2 0.6 1.5 29 23 30
Middle East 110.2 2.4 2.8 1.1 1.3 14 12 5
Africa 95.8 2.4 2.5 1.1 1.2 11 13 4
South and Central America 58.3 1.9 1.5 0.9 0.7 6 12 14
Asia
World 2683.2 100.0 100.0 29.7 32.5 12 15 16
Asia 1227.0 45.4 45.7 13.5 14.9 12 13 13
North America 655.0 29.1 24.4 8.6 7.9 8 14 16
Europe 534.1 18.8 19.9 5.6 6.5 13 15 19
Middle East 90.3 2.5 3.4 0.7 1.1 17 21 20
South and Central America 59.1 1.8 2.2 0.5 0.7 15 31 37
Africa 54.6 1.3 2.0 0.4 0.7 21 23 26
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 44.9 0.4 1.7 0.1 0.5 40 47 35
North America
World 1233.2 100.0 100.0 20.5 14.9 4 10 12
North America 648.1 55.5 52.6 11.4 7.8 3 8 8
Asia 231.8 18.8 18.8 3.8 2.8 4 7 15
Europe 216.7 17.4 17.6 3.6 2.6 4 8 14
South and Central America 80.0 5.7 6.5 1.2 1.0 7 20 22
Middle East 35.1 1.6 2.8 0.3 0.4 15 43 22
Africa 15.0 0.8 1.2 0.2 0.2 12 21 24
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 6.5 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.1 19 24 33
Middle East
World 138.2 100.0 100.0 1.3 1.7 14 20 9
Middle East 49.0 26.9 35.5 0.4 0.6 20 56 19
Asia 26.5 16.7 19.2 0.2 0.3 17 19 16
Europe 23.3 21.1 16.8 0.3 0.3 10 32 -11
North America 22.1 23.7 16.0 0.3 0.3 7 13 9
Africa 7.1 3.5 5.1 0.0 0.1 22 27 17
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.2 1.8 1.6 0.0 0.0 12 -31 21
South and Central America 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.0 0.0 12 19 20
South and Central America
World 134.9 100.0 100.0 1.5 1.6 11 17 13
South and Central America 51.8 34.6 38.4 0.5 0.6 13 28 24
North America 48.8 44.8 36.2 0.7 0.6 7 8 1
Europe 18.3 13.7 13.6 0.2 0.2 11 12 16
Asia 9.0 5.0 6.7 0.1 0.1 17 34 -3
Africa 3.5 1.2 2.6 0.0 0.0 27 44 19
Middle East 1.8 0.5 1.3 0.0 0.0 33 63 43
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0 54 47 53
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
World 106.0 100.0 100.0 0.9 1.3 16 9 15
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 37.8 30.3 35.7 0.3 0.5 19 7 27
Europe 35.3 31.9 33.3 0.3 0.4 17 11 18
Asia 13.1 18.3 12.4 0.2 0.2 9 8 -17
North America 7.3 8.3 6.8 0.1 0.1 12 -12 34
Middle East 5.9 5.3 5.5 0.0 0.1 17 16 0
Africa 3.2 3.1 3.0 0.0 0.0 15 41 4
South and Central America 2.7 2.4 2.6 0.0 0.0 18 21 34
Africa
World 71.2 100.0 100.0 0.8 0.9 11 11 10
Europe 35.1 59.3 49.3 0.5 0.4 8 8 5
Africa 13.1 15.9 18.4 0.1 0.2 14 14 15
Asia 9.2 9.9 12.9 0.1 0.1 16 10 16
North America 8.0 9.4 11.3 0.1 0.1 15 -1 16
Middle East 3.0 3.2 4.2 0.0 0.0 16 53 14
South and Central America 0.9 1.3 1.3 0.0 0.0 12 10 17
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 38 -4 174

58
Table II.23

Trade in manufactures of the United States, the European Union (25) and China by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Exports Imports
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

United States
828.5 100.0 100.0 4 10 13 World 1350.2 100.0 100.0 6 9 9
297.4 38.0 32.9 3 9 9 North America 315.6 27.2 23.4 3 7 6
66.2 7.5 6.6 5 15 21 South and Central America 42.6 3.1 3.2 6 8 1
17.1
194.3
2.2
24.0
1.6
20.8
3
4
8
8
27
13
Brazil
Europe
17.6
293.9
1.0
21.6
1.3
21.8
11
6
10
7
3
6
Ii
179.0 22.4 19.3 4 7 12 European Union (25) 272.6 20.2 20.2 6 7 6
5.6 0.3 0.5 18 24 32 CIS 7.4 0.4 0.6 10 -4 37
3.7 0.2 0.3 18 38 31 Russian Federation 5.0 0.3 0.4 11 -15 39
13.5 1.1 1.3 11 21 23 Africa 7.6 0.4 0.6 12 -5 16
33.2 2.3 3.3 14 43 22 Middle East 21.7 1.5 1.6 6 14 9
218.2 26.8 22.9 4 6 15 Asia 661.3 45.7 49.0 7 12 12
37.7 1.9 3.5 20 19 30 China 293.5 10.7 21.7 19 23 17
42.9 7.2 4.8 -1 2 8 Japan 144.8 14.9 10.7 0 6 7
100.2 11.1 10.7 6 4 13 Six East Asian traders 158.1 15.3 11.7 1 2 7

European Union (25)


3618.4 100.0 100.0 10 6 11 World 3410.0 100.0 100.0 10 6 12
327.6 11.1 9.1 7 5 7 North America 208.0 9.4 6.1 2 0 8
54.5 1.9 1.5 6 12 14 South and Central America 23.2 0.7 0.7 10 13 2
19.6 0.7 0.5 6 13 10 Brazil 11.3 0.3 0.3 9 13 11
2632.7 72.5 72.8 10 6 12 Europe 2550.6 72.4 74.8 10 5 12
2384.2 66.3 65.9 10 5 12 European Union (25) 2384.2 68.0 69.9 10 5 12
113.9 1.2 3.1 29 23 30 CIS 26.7 0.5 0.8 17 14 11
78.2 0.8 2.2 29 24 28 Russian Federation 16.4 0.4 0.5 15 18 7
89.3 2.5 2.5 11 13 3 Africa 35.9 1.1 1.1 8 13 -5
96.3 2.3 2.7 13 12 3 Middle East 22.1 0.7 0.6 9 35 -16
293.3 8.1 8.1 10 6 10 Asia 539.9 14.6 15.8 11 10 14
67.6 1.0 1.9 22 4 22 China 230.7 3.3 6.8 24 25 22
46.2 1.7 1.3 5 1 2 Japan 93.4 4.3 2.7 2 -1 5
103.2 2.7 2.9 11 7 7 Six East Asian traders 150.1 5.3 4.4 6 5 11
China a
895.1 100.0 100.0 26 29 28 World 579.5 100.0 100.0 23 15 18
271.8 31.9 30.4 25 28 25 North America 51.2 11.8 8.8 17 11 23
25.2 2.5 2.8 29 39 53 South and Central America 4.3 0.3 0.7 40 16 20
7.0 0.5 0.8 36 44 58 Brazil 1.6 0.2 0.3 28 -2 -7
231.5 21.5 25.9 30 34 31 Europe 86.8 17.5 15.0 20 3 22
211.7 20.3 23.7 30 34 27 European Union (25) 81.9 16.5 14.1 20 3 22
26.3 1.3 2.9 45 56 32 CIS 3.9 1.9 0.7 3 3 -37
14.7 0.9 1.6 40 47 19 Russian Federation 2.7 1.4 0.5 2 9 -37
24.5 2.0 2.7 34 37 42 Africa 1.9 0.2 0.3 28 14 11
27.8 2.5 3.1 31 29 34 Middle East 5.5 0.7 0.9 30 30 11
287.5 38.3 32.1 23 24 24 Asia 426.0 63.6 73.5 26 35 17
94.0 15.7 10.5 18 15 11 Japan 107.5 23.1 18.6 18 5 15
130.8 14.6 14.6 26 30 31 Six East Asian traders 220.1 37.3 38.0 23 19 13

a In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 12 percent of its manufacture imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

59
Table II.24

Imports of manufactures of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

European Union (25) United States


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 3410027 100.0 10 6 12 World 1350217 100.0 6 9 9
Europe 2550633 74.8 10 5 12 Asia 661334 49.0 7 12 12
Asia 539947 15.8 11 10 14 North America 315556 23.4 3 7 6
North America 208023 6.1 2 0 8 Europe 293919 21.8 6 7 6
iI Africa 35934 1.1 8 13 -5 South and Central America 42622 3.2 6 8 1
CIS 26732 0.8 17 14 11 Middle East 21734 1.6 6 14 9
South and Central America 23867 0.7 11 13 5 Africa 7621 0.6 12 -5 16
Middle East 22075 0.6 9 35 -16 CIS 7426 0.6 10 -4 37
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 2384247 69.9 10 5 12 China 293467 21.7 19 23 17
China 230669 6.8 24 25 22 European Union (25) 272630 20.2 6 7 6
United States 184554 5.4 2 -1 7 Canada 171725 12.7 2 8 1
Japan 93357 2.7 2 -1 5 Japan 144797 10.7 0 6 7
Switzerland 76240 2.2 7 8 6 Mexico 143828 10.7 5 5 14
Above 5 2969066 87.1 - - - Above 5 1026447 76.0 - - -
Korea, Republic of 46651 1.4 12 11 14 Korea, Republic of 42999 3.2 1 -8 3
Turkey 41289 1.2 20 7 15 Taipei, Chinese 37288 2.8 -1 0 9
Taipei, Chinese 31763 0.9 4 1 9 Malaysia 35131 2.6 6 21 8
India 23357 0.7 15 14 18 India 20589 1.5 13 19 19
Singapore 22779 0.7 7 6 5 Thailand 19314 1.4 5 14 9
Romania 19497 0.6 20 7 16 Israel 18244 1.4 7 15 14
Malaysia 18910 0.6 6 1 12 Brazil 17635 1.3 11 10 3
Russian Federation 16354 0.5 15 18 7 Singapore 15954 1.2 -2 -3 16
Thailand 15071 0.4 7 1 10 Switzerland 12859 1.0 6 11 9
Hong Kong, China 14886 0.4 6 8 15 Indonesia 10290 0.8 2 12 8
Norway 14397 0.4 8 3 8 Philippines 8773 0.7 -7 1 4
Canada 14278 0.4 5 1 13 Hong Kong, China 7442 0.6 -6 -7 -11
Brazil 11288 0.3 9 13 11 Viet Nam 6870 0.5 75 25 28
South Africa 11278 0.3 10 5 13 Russian Federation 5040 0.4 11 -15 39
Israel 9641 0.3 3 8 1 Turkey 4654 0.3 9 -6 7
Indonesia 9052 0.3 3 -3 10 Australia 3985 0.3 7 0 19
Mexico 8804 0.3 12 27 24 Pakistan 3842 0.3 9 13 13
Tunisia 7396 0.2 10 -1 11 Dominican Republic 3708 0.3 -1 2 -6
Philippines 6994 0.2 3 -6 -5 South Africa 3689 0.3 12 -11 23
Viet Nam 6622 0.2 12 2 17 Bangladesh 3282 0.2 5 20 20
Ukraine 6517 0.2 22 6 19 Honduras 3096 0.2 3 2 -2
Bangladesh 6318 0.2 15 -4 30 Trinidad and Tobago 2743 0.2 23 30 12
Morocco 5728 0.2 7 46 -30 Costa Rica 2430 0.2 -1 2 6
Bulgaria 5189 0.2 17 8 16 Cambodia 2302 0.2 17 19 25
United Arab Emirates 4796 0.1 23 111 -50 Sri Lanka 2189 0.2 1 7 2
Saudi Arabia 4254 0.1 13 32 2 Norway 1953 0.1 8 0 28
Croatia 3979 0.1 13 -11 15 Guatemala 1902 0.1 2 -6 -7
Pakistan 3813 0.1 9 -8 8 Colombia 1796 0.1 6 11 7
Australia 3702 0.1 5 12 -1 El Salvador 1634 0.1 -1 -5 -9
Egypt 2816 0.1 14 7 15 Ukraine 1559 0.1 10 59 44
Costa Rica 2335 0.1 11 1 -7 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 1534 0.1 3 1 -19
Serbia 2144 0.1 ... ... ... Jordan 1455 0.1 65 15 14
Botswana 2112 0.1 29 26 -27 Argentina 1372 0.1 4 6 2
Sri Lanka 2014 0.1 4 1 18 Egypt 1368 0.1 13 -8 50
Belarus 1801 0.1 15 9 23 Macao, China 1278 0.1 -1 -16 -3
Above 40 3376373 99.0 - - - Above 40 1336644 99.0 - - -

60
Table II.24 (continued)

Imports of manufactures of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


China a Japan
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 579502 100.0 23 15 18 World 297439 100.0 6 8 8
Asia 426044 73.5 24 18 17 Asia 183753 61.8 8 11 9
Europe 86776 15.0 20 3 22 Europe 55919 18.8 4 2 3
North America 51159 8.8 17 11 23 North America 52378 17.6 0 4 8
Middle East 5465 0.9 30 30 11 Africa 1773 0.6 20 23 -11 Ii
South and Central America 4300 0.7 40 16 20 Middle East 1448 0.5 3 9 8
CIS 3857 0.7 3 3 -37 South and Central America 1374 0.5 8 10 14
Africa 1865 0.3 28 14 11 CIS 793 0.3 19 26 3
Suppliers Suppliers
Japan 107505 18.6 18 5 15 China 102654 34.5 15 17 10
Taipei, Chinese 82427 14.2 23 16 16 European Union (25) 50207 16.9 4 2 2
European Union (25) 81875 14.1 20 3 22 United States 49020 16.5 -1 3 9
Korea, Republic of 79926 13.8 26 24 14 Korea, Republic of 20695 7.0 6 12 13
China 71354 12.3 48 44 33 Taipei, Chinese 16474 5.5 1 8 10
Above 5 423087 73.0 - - - Above 5 239049 80.4 - - -
United States 45355 7.8 17 12 25 Thailand 11577 3.9 9 11 5
Malaysia 19508 3.4 30 19 15 Malaysia 8504 2.9 -2 -4 5
Philippines 16269 2.8 51 45 33 Indonesia 5843 2.0 3 -4 6
Singapore 14786 2.6 24 23 5 Philippines 5670 1.9 0 -11 -4
Thailand 14035 2.4 29 26 27 Switzerland 4899 1.6 8 6 10
Hong Kong, China 9462 1.6 2 0 -10 Singapore 4447 1.5 -3 0 3
Indonesia 4079 0.7 13 1 13 Viet Nam 3213 1.1 15 15 21
Switzerland 3705 0.6 20 6 15 Canada 1808 0.6 -2 15 -8
Canada 3677 0.6 10 9 4 South Africa 1618 0.5 23 24 -11
Saudi Arabia 3070 0.5 38 41 8 India 1591 0.5 7 5 10
India 2804 0.5 28 24 -5 Mexico 1550 0.5 4 19 9
Russian Federation 2693 0.5 2 9 -37 Hong Kong, China 1001 0.3 -5 -2 -11
Mexico 2128 0.4 31 7 20 Israel 726 0.2 -2 4 -3
Costa Rica 1742 0.3 143 44 90 Australia 715 0.2 -2 10 -3
Brazil 1557 0.3 28 -2 -7 Brazil 680 0.2 5 11 12
Australia 1538 0.3 16 9 7 Norway 486 0.2 8 -7 18
South Africa 1325 0.2 25 10 7 Saudi Arabia 460 0.2 9 11 27
Israel 1232 0.2 25 13 20 New Zealand 450 0.2 -1 -7 -12
Pakistan 793 0.1 10 34 16 Russian Federation 403 0.1 17 15 18
Norway 693 0.1 20 3 18 Kazakhstan 292 0.1 27 41 -8
Viet Nam 677 0.1 46 13 49 Costa Rica 242 0.1 7 26 34
Kazakhstan 531 0.1 8 -6 -28 Chile 216 0.1 25 37 24
Belarus 404 0.1 34 221 -13 New Caledonia 145 0.0 15 -13 24
Argentina 350 0.1 18 10 13 Turkey 144 0.0 16 23 18
Qatar 348 0.1 28 31 27 Bangladesh 128 0.0 8 8 5
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 338 0.1 29 53 14 Myanmar 127 0.0 30 17 24
Morocco 336 0.1 36 35 34 French Polynesia 123 0.0 1 6 29
Turkey 285 0.0 27 -21 -1 Cambodia 118 0.0 18 6 13
New Zealand 267 0.0 7 -12 6 Pakistan 118 0.0 -8 -9 4
Kuwait 226 0.0 11 12 -11 Romania 111 0.0 21 27 19
Chile 217 0.0 35 12 59 Sri Lanka 89 0.0 -2 -10 11
Macao, China 212 0.0 15 21 -8 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 88 0.0 11 28 81
Colombia 188 0.0 67 85 1 Jordan 82 0.0 1 15 3
Ukraine 179 0.0 -13 -47 -65 Ukraine 71 0.0 12 16 10
United Arab Emirates 175 0.0 73 -5 9 Colombia 63 0.0 12 -2 -6
Above 40 578270 99.8 - - - Above 40 296848 99.8 - - -

a In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 12 percent of its manufacture imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

61
Table II.25

Leading exporters and importers of manufactures, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 3618.4 - - 42.6 43.8 10 19 6 11
extra-EU (25) exports 1234.1 - - 14.4 14.9 11 20 9 10
China a, b 895.4 0.8 1.9 4.7 10.8 26 37 29 28
United States 828.6 13.0 12.1 13.8 10.0 4 13 10 13
Japan 586.5 11.2 11.5 9.6 7.1 5 19 4 7
Hong Kong, China 304.7 1.6 3.2 4.1 3.7 8 16 12 9
iI domestic exports
re-exports
15.8
289.0
1.2
0.4
1.1
2.0
0.5
3.6
0.2
3.5
-6
9
2
17
8
12
-2
10
Korea, Republic of 290.1 1.4 2.5 3.3 3.5 11 30 12 12
Canada 215.4 2.7 3.1 3.7 2.6 3 14 9 5
Singapore 214.1 0.8 1.6 2.5 2.6 10 22 12 16
domestic exports 101.0 0.4 1.0 1.3 1.2 8 20 10 13
re-exports 113.2 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.4 13 25 14 18
Taipei, Chinese 191.6 1.6 2.6 3.0 2.3 5 19 7 12
Mexico a 189.2 0.4 1.1 3.0 2.3 5 12 10 15
Switzerland 133.8 2.4 2.5 1.5 1.6 11 17 7 11
Malaysia a 117.9 0.2 0.7 1.7 1.4 7 19 10 12
Thailand 98.5 0.1 0.6 1.1 1.2 11 21 16 17
India c 83.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 16 21 25 16
Turkey 69.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.8 21 35 12 16
Above 15 7548.5 - - 92.2 91.4 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 3410.0 - - 39.8 40.3 10 19 6 12
extra-EU (25) imports 1025.8 - - 12.8 12.1 9 20 8 10
United States 1350.2 11.2 15.4 19.8 16.0 6 15 9 9
China a 579.5 1.1 1.7 3.5 6.8 23 30 15 18
Hong Kong, China 304.5 1.5 2.9 3.9 3.6 8 17 11 11
retained imports 15.5 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.2 -6 16 -14 38
Japan 297.4 2.3 4.1 4.4 3.5 6 17 8 8
Canada d 273.4 3.7 3.8 4.1 3.2 5 13 12 10
Mexico a, d 211.6 1.5 1.3 3.1 2.5 6 14 11 14
Korea, Republic of 177.6 0.9 1.8 2.0 2.1 10 24 14 12
Singapore 174.9 1.2 1.8 2.3 2.1 8 26 11 15
retained imports 61.8 0.8 1.2 1.1 0.7 2 27 7 9
Taipei, Chinese 136.9 0.9 1.5 2.3 1.6 4 31 4 4
Russian Federation d 132.7 - - 0.6 1.6 27 31 30 33
Switzerland 112.0 2.3 2.4 1.4 1.3 9 16 7 8
Australia d 101.0 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 9 22 12 6
Malaysia a 101.0 0.6 0.9 1.4 1.2 7 23 8 12
Turkey 92.5 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 16 47 15 19
Above 15 7166.4 - - 87.1 84.7 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b In 2006, China reported imports of manufactures from China amounting to $71.4 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

62
Table II.26

Exports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


World 2391.15 | 4697.70 6644.11 7301.09 8256.85 74.9 70.1
Argentina 3.57 8.53 9.84 12.28 14.76 32.4 31.7
Australia 7.10 15.16 19.37 21.63 22.20 23.7 18.0
Bangladesh b, c 1.21 4.97 7.59 9.32 ... 90.5 92.1
Belarus - 4.88 8.24 8.30 9.92 66.6 50.3
Brazil 16.14 31.80 50.76 61.77 68.41 57.7 49.8
Bulgaria ... | 2.74 6.19 6.96 8.03 56.7 53.3
Cambodia c ... 1.33 2.72 3.12 3.71 95.7 97.5
Canada 73.31 175.64 188.22 206.08 215.41 63.5 55.6 Ii
Chile 0.83 2.79 3.97 5.14 6.01 14.5 10.3
China d 44.31 219.86 542.37 700.34 895.43 88.2 92.4
Colombia 1.70 4.24 6.08 7.32 8.68 32.5 35.6
Costa Rica c, d 0.39 3.98 3.86 4.57 5.38 67.8 65.5
Croatia ... 3.21 5.81 5.99 6.80 72.5 65.6
Dominican Republic d 1.51 | 5.03 5.19 5.31 5.47 87.7 84.9
Egypt c 1.47 1.92 2.64 3.24 ... 40.9 30.4
European Union (25) - 2001.29 3053.83 3248.11 3618.37 82.1 79.8
intra-EU (25) exports - 1325.87 2022.21 2125.92 2384.25 80.6 78.2
extra-EU (25) exports - 675.42 1031.62 1122.20 1234.12 85.3 83.3
Guatemala 0.28 0.87 | 3.06 3.05 3.33 32.1 55.2
Hong Kong, China 75.64 192.50 250.12 279.91 304.75 95.0 94.4
domestic exports 27.41 22.14 14.93 16.11 15.76 94.1 69.2
re-exports 48.23 170.35 235.18 263.80 288.99 95.1 96.4
India b, c, e 12.52 34.59 57.86 72.19 83.78 76.5 68.0
Indonesia d 9.04 36.94 33.34 39.41 44.44 56.5 42.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c 0.69 1.98 3.69 5.00 5.98 6.9 8.1
Israel c, e 10.43 29.55 36.41 40.31 44.22 94.1 95.2
Japan 275.15 449.69 524.28 546.42 586.52 93.8 90.2
Jordan 0.59 0.95 2.76 3.08 3.60 50.2 69.5
Korea, Republic of 60.60 154.90 231.05 258.20 290.13 89.9 89.1
Malaysia d 15.82 78.93 95.44 104.86 117.91 80.4 73.4
Mexico d 25.26 138.65 150.12 165.00 189.23 83.3 75.6
Morocco d 2.21 4.76 6.59 7.05 8.24 64.1 64.9
New Zealand 2.39 3.99 6.25 6.60 6.72 30.0 30.0
Norway 11.13 13.32 18.45 18.79 19.27 22.2 15.9
Pakistan c 4.39 7.64 11.40 13.03 13.77 84.7 81.4
Philippines c, d 5.59 34.77 35.60 36.75 40.57 87.4 86.2
Romania 3.60 7.95 19.27 21.97 25.54 76.7 79.0
Russian Federation c - 25.43 47.59 53.82 60.19 24.1 19.8
Saudi Arabia c 3.66 5.96 13.56 17.10 18.30 7.7 8.7
Serbia ... ... ... ... 4.05 ... 63.0
Serbia and Montenegro ... 1.05 2.31 2.90 ... 60.9 57.2
Singapore 37.49 117.68 | 165.31 185.20 214.09 85.4 78.8
domestic exports c 23.20 63.28 | 81.33 89.42 100.97 80.4 70.6
re-exports c 14.28 54.40 | 83.97 95.78 113.15 92.0 87.9
South Africa c, e 8.32 20.23 27.59 30.66 32.17 67.5 55.1
Sri Lanka c 1.02 4.14 4.05 4.32 4.77 76.3 69.3
Switzerland 59.59 72.43 | 112.72 120.13 133.81 90.0 90.7
Taipei, Chinese 62.03 141.04 160.96 171.74 191.64 95.1 90.0
Thailand 14.58 51.66 72.89 84.30 98.46 74.8 75.3
Trinidad and Tobago 0.56 1.23 2.34 2.52 ... 28.8 26.1
Tunisia c 2.42 4.50 7.51 7.86 8.21 77.0 71.3
Turkey c 8.78 22.31 53.22 59.76 69.38 80.3 81.2
Ukraine - 9.77 22.97 23.46 27.60 67.1 71.9
United Arab Emirates c 2.86 17.74 42.08 48.04 49.34 35.6 35.4
United States 290.49 648.91 668.67 732.47 828.62 83.0 79.8
Viet Nam c ... 6.18 13.93 17.57 ... 42.6 54.2

a Or nearest year.
b Figures refer to fiscal year.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.
d Includes significant exports from processing zones.
e Includes significant exports of diamonds. For the most recent year, the share of diamonds in exports of manufactures was 16 per cent for India, 45 per cent for Israel and 9 per cent for South Africa.

63
Table II.27

Imports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 6.66 6.10 13.37 15.57 16.16 66.5 75.3
Argentina 3.10 21.91 19.41 24.77 29.56 87.1 86.5
Australia b 32.40 59.08 84.69 95.05 101.02 83.0 76.2
Bangladesh c, d 1.92 5.14 7.44 8.22 ... 67.5 63.7
Belarus - 4.24 9.08 7.73 10.73 49.0 48.1
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 5.05 11.81 11.73 18.92 26.57 81.0 86.7
Brazil 12.62 43.00 46.02 54.42 66.27 72.8 69.1
Bulgaria ... | 3.84 9.93 11.89 14.43 59.0 62.4
iI Canada b 92.90 200.75 220.69 248.07 273.43 83.6 78.2
Chile 5.29 11.86 15.23 20.05 22.51 64.1 58.6
China e 42.39 169.88 428.27 493.14 579.50 75.5 73.2
Colombia 4.28 9.19 13.50 17.58 21.53 79.6 82.6
Costa Rica d, e 1.50 5.28 6.62 8.00 8.51 82.8 73.9
Croatia ... 5.78 12.61 13.53 15.47 73.3 72.0
Dominican Republic b, d, e 2.07 7.01 5.13 6.21 7.02 73.9 62.7
Ecuador 1.51 2.63 6.15 7.44 8.36 70.8 69.3
Egypt d 6.99 8.09 7.22 9.89 ... 57.7 49.9
European Union (25) f - 1943.40 2881.12 3055.46 3410.03 75.9 71.8
extra-EU (25) imports - 622.74 858.91 929.55 1025.78 67.7 60.4
Guatemala 1.14 3.43 | 7.07 7.48 8.47 71.7 71.1
Hong Kong, China 70.53 192.66 248.28 275.03 304.53 90.0 90.7
retained imports 22.30 22.31 13.10 11.23 15.54 63.9 43.3
India c, d, g 12.17 22.03 51.24 72.54 91.42 42.9 48.5
Indonesia d, e 16.64 30.48 34.45 47.65 52.80 69.9 65.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d 15.49 9.96 23.78 28.77 36.28 71.6 71.0
Israel d, g 11.68 29.04 32.37 34.19 35.72 77.1 71.5
Japan 100.28 212.67 256.04 276.35 297.44 56.0 51.3
Jordan 1.34 2.65 4.67 6.03 6.53 57.5 57.1
Kazakhstan - 3.69 9.71 13.57 18.41 73.2 73.8
Kenya d 1.40 1.72 2.51 3.39 ... 55.3 55.1
Korea, Republic of 44.11 98.16 139.13 158.10 177.61 61.2 57.4
Kuwait d 2.61 5.55 9.57 12.67 12.79 77.5 80.0
Malaysia e 22.87 68.13 83.61 90.51 101.00 83.1 77.0
Mexico b, e 32.49 149.80 166.94 185.24 211.56 85.9 82.6
Morocco e 4.22 7.25 11.84 12.86 14.59 62.9 61.9
New Zealand 7.56 10.81 17.31 20.07 19.25 77.7 72.8
Nigeria d 4.92 4.36 11.21 16.73 ... 50.0 80.6
Norway 21.40 27.48 37.21 43.11 50.23 79.9 78.3
Oman d 1.81 3.46 6.56 6.82 ... 68.7 76.1
Pakistan 3.99 5.09 10.25 14.81 16.59 46.8 55.6
Peru 1.61 5.21 6.63 8.25 10.39 70.3 67.8
Philippines b, d, e 8.96 25.64 34.95 36.22 38.28 69.2 74.3
Qatar 1.32 2.75 5.31 8.98 ... 84.4 89.2
Romania 2.95 9.82 25.42 30.75 39.26 75.2 76.8
Russian Federation b, d - 31.17 76.96 100.08 132.71 69.8 81.0
Saudi Arabia d 18.23 22.05 34.93 46.57 53.45 72.9 80.6
Serbia ... ... ... ... 8.57 ... 65.1
Serbia and Montenegro d ... 2.35 8.03 7.54 ... 63.3 64.8
Singapore 44.35 109.78 | 136.74 152.26 174.91 81.6 73.3
retained imports d 30.07 55.39 | 52.77 56.48 61.84 73.4 56.2
South Africa b, d 13.43 19.21 35.75 41.70 49.03 71.7 70.9
Sri Lanka d 1.71 4.90 5.32 5.72 6.45 68.2 62.9
Sudan d ... 1.04 3.26 5.65 ... 66.9 83.6
Switzerland 58.01 67.65 96.67 103.40 111.98 82.0 79.2
Syrian Arab Republic 1.48 2.47 4.51 5.63 ... 64.7 59.1
Taipei, Chinese 36.77 110.41 125.42 131.00 136.90 78.9 67.8
Thailand 24.8 47.0 68.7 82.1 85.9 75.8 66.8
Tunisia d 3.9 6.5 9.6 9.5 10.5 75.4 70.7
Turkey d 13.6 38.2 67.3 77.6 92.5 70.0 66.9
Ukraine - 5.7 15.2 20.6 26.8 41.1 59.6
United Arab Emirates d 8.6 29.5 61.5 68.3 79.2 84.2 81.0
United States 375.7 968.2 1133.9 1239.3 1350.2 76.9 70.3
Viet Nam d 2.2 11.4 24.1 26.0 ... 72.8 70.3

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e Includes significant imports into processing zones.
f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
g Includes significant imports of diamonds. For the most recent year, the share of diamonds in total imports of manufactures was 12 per cent for India and 28 per cent for Israel.

64
4.1.  Iron and steel

Table II.28

Exports of iron and steel by principal region, 2006

merchandise trade by product


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006


World 374.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 17 17 18
Europe
World 177.1 100.0 100.0 49.9 47.3 16 14 17
Europe 138.6 80.0 78.3 39.9 37.1 16 10 19
North America
Asia
11.0
9.8
8.9
4.4
6.2
5.5
4.5
2.2
2.9
2.6
10
21
14
37
11
-2
Ii
Middle East 8.1 2.4 4.6 1.2 2.2 30 27 27
Africa 4.9 2.1 2.8 1.1 1.3 22 20 22
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.4 0.8 1.4 0.4 0.6 28 33 34
South and Central America 1.9 1.2 1.0 0.6 0.5 13 40 3
Asia
World 105.8 100.0 100.0 25.0 28.3 20 21 27
Asia 61.3 68.2 57.9 17.0 16.4 17 22 4
North America 17.4 17.1 16.5 4.3 4.7 19 15 62
Europe 14.3 7.9 13.5 2.0 3.8 31 9 128
Middle East 7.5 3.6 7.1 0.9 2.0 34 55 75
Africa 2.4 1.4 2.2 0.3 0.6 30 14 47
South and Central America 1.8 1.6 1.7 0.4 0.5 22 30 120
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.1 0.2 1.0 0.1 0.3 56 6 56
China
World 32.5 100.0 100.0 3.1 8.7 40 39 69
Asia 13.3 56.3 40.9 1.7 3.6 32 45 25
Europe 7.8 13.7 24.1 0.4 2.1 53 32 174
North America 7.4 23.9 22.7 0.7 2.0 38 26 76
Middle East 1.8 3.6 5.5 0.1 0.5 50 55 194
Africa 0.9 1.1 2.8 0.0 0.2 63 11 116
South and Central America 0.8 1.0 2.4 0.0 0.2 63 48 219
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 0.4 1.7 0.0 0.2 81 245 91
Other economies in Asia
World 73.3 100.0 100.0 21.9 19.6 15 17 15
Asia 48.0 69.8 65.4 15.3 12.8 14 18 0
North America 10.1 16.2 13.7 3.5 2.7 12 9 53
Europe 6.5 7.1 8.9 1.5 1.7 20 -5 90
Middle East 5.7 3.6 7.8 0.8 1.5 31 55 56
Africa 1.5 1.4 2.0 0.3 0.4 22 15 23
South and Central America 1.0 1.6 1.4 0.4 0.3 12 23 78
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.1 44 -29 30
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
World 38.9 100.0 100.0 9.7 10.4 19 15 11
Europe 14.8 28.0 38.0 2.7 4.0 25 19 26
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 7.6 16.1 19.5 1.6 2.0 23 18 28
Asia 5.4 30.8 13.9 3.0 1.4 4 4 -36
Middle East 4.0 8.1 10.2 0.8 1.1 23 32 -3
North America 3.6 7.9 9.3 0.8 1.0 22 -16 90
Africa 2.2 6.1 5.7 0.6 0.6 17 43 0
South and Central America 1.0 2.9 2.6 0.3 0.3 17 36 56

65
Table II.29

Imports of iron and steel of the European Union (25) and the United States by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

European Union (25) United States

Annual percentage Annual percentage


Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 157247 100.0 17 11 23 World 39611 100.0 13 8 30
Europe 127306 81.0 16 9 20 Asia 13269 33.5 17 21 66
Asia 10542 6.7 28 20 109 Europe 9073 22.9 8 8 17

iI CIS
South and Central America
10138
3506
6.4
2.2
27
19
16
35
17
17
North America
South and Central America
7847
4424
19.8
11.2
11
12
14
4
3
5
Africa 3282 2.1 18 5 18 CIS 3688 9.3 18 -12 81
North America 1837 1.2 13 76 10 Africa 1232 3.1 13 -33 60
Middle East 600 0.4 23 -7 53 Middle East 79 0.2 8 -40 46
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 119413 75.9 16 10 19 European Union (25) 7434 18.8 7 22 12
Russian Federation 5754 3.7 24 24 13 Canada 5217 13.2 10 18 8
China 5006 3.2 53 66 185 China 4670 11.8 38 46 83
Ukraine 3244 2.1 33 8 21 Brazil 3078 7.8 14 11 7
Turkey 2285 1.5 21 -21 46 Mexico 2631 6.6 12 9 -7
Above 5 135702 86.3 - - - Above 5 23028 58.1 - - -
South Africa 2158 1.4 16 9 7 Russian Federation 2549 6.4 29 -24 90
India 1608 1.0 37 6 56 Japan 2132 5.4 6 33 33
Brazil 1577 1.0 16 33 20 Korea, Republic of 2097 5.3 11 33 42
Switzerland 1423 0.9 10 5 12 Taipei, Chinese 1687 4.3 16 -9 115
Norway 1223 0.8 7 -6 -4 India 1134 2.9 18 -13 49
United States 1205 0.8 11 47 5 Turkey 1128 2.8 32 -37 65
Korea, Republic of 1027 0.7 14 12 79 Ukraine 943 2.4 12 57 81
Romania 977 0.6 20 -4 31 South Africa 812 2.0 7 -27 37
Japan 860 0.5 12 -1 34 Australia 556 1.4 14 -7 86
Taipei, Chinese 798 0.5 17 -18 103 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 514 1.3 7 -3 -21
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 623 0.4 37 31 27 Malaysia 374 0.9 32 9 112
Serbia 618 0.4 ... ... ... Egypt 372 0.9 77 -61 242
Bulgaria 580 0.4 12 10 1 Thailand 363 0.9 9 23 71
Colombia 522 0.3 20 0 59 Dominican Republic 256 0.6 23 -7 81
FYR Macedonia 522 0.3 22 46 22 Colombia 197 0.5 27 37 17
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 502 0.3 28 -3 60 Romania 173 0.4 4 -17 -25
Egypt 501 0.3 33 4 53 Trinidad and Tobago 166 0.4 11 -49 33
Kazakhstan 470 0.3 19 -8 31 Norway 152 0.4 4 -25 44
Mexico 470 0.3 22 889 33 Argentina 147 0.4 -4 -10 -33
Belarus 463 0.3 42 3 68 Kazakhstan 143 0.4 -4 -13 -4
Chile 388 0.2 85 225 7 Bulgaria 108 0.3 53 -57 141
New Caledonia 312 0.2 14 30 76 New Zealand 85 0.2 14 -25 82
Indonesia 302 0.2 18 57 61 Switzerland 67 0.2 4 26 26
Malaysia 229 0.1 20 36 270 Chile 55 0.1 22 131 39
Dominican Republic 226 0.1 14 -10 65 Zimbabwe 45 0.1 4 67 -9
Above 30 155287 98.5 - - - Above 30 39282 99.2 - - -

66
Table II.30

Leading exporters and importers of iron and steel, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 162.0 - - 46.3 43.3 16 42 14 18
extra-EU (25) exports 42.6 - - 11.3 11.4 18 37 28 14
China a 32.5 0.3 1.2 3.1 8.7 40 188 39 69
Japan 29.9 20.1 11.8 10.4 8.0 12 30 18 9
Russian Federation b 20.9 - - 5.1 5.6 19 61 18 8
Korea, Republic of 15.8 2.2 3.4 4.7 4.2 15 49 23 10
Ukraine
United States
14.8
12.8
-
4.2
-
3.3
3.6
4.4
4.0
3.4
19
12
54
29
11
32
17
11
Ii
Taipei, Chinese 10.0 0.4 0.8 3.2 2.7 14 32 14 14
Brazil 9.5 1.1 3.4 2.6 2.5 17 42 28 4
Turkey b 7.9 0.0 1.4 1.3 2.1 28 80 -3 36
Canada 6.2 2.3 1.9 2.3 1.7 12 36 20 11
India b, c 5.9 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.6 28 67 4 19
South Africa 5.7 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.5 13 46 4 -2
Mexico a 4.2 0.1 0.7 1.2 1.1 16 59 21 11
Malaysia a 2.5 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.7 27 56 -3 38
Above 15 340.7 - - 91.4 91.1 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 157.2 - - 39.9 39.9 17 46 11 23
extra-EU (25) imports 37.8 - - 7.6 9.6 22 67 15 35
United States 39.6 10.1 9.5 12.4 10.0 13 103 8 30
China a 21.6 2.7 2.5 6.2 5.5 14 6 13 -18
Korea, Republic of 15.9 1.2 2.9 3.4 4.0 20 66 23 6
Canada d 10.9 1.6 2.0 3.4 2.8 13 57 26 15
Turkey b 8.1 0.4 1.1 1.5 2.0 22 62 27 19
Taipei, Chinese 7.9 1.4 2.5 3.0 2.0 9 75 -2 -8
Thailand 7.9 0.6 2.4 1.8 2.0 19 55 38 -9
Mexico a, d 7.8 2.2 1.0 2.6 2.0 12 39 21 24
Japan 6.5 1.1 4.1 2.4 1.7 10 68 30 -10
India b, c 6.0 1.0 1.0 0.5 1.5 40 73 78 31
Saudi Arabia b 6.0 2.3 0.7 0.7 1.5 34 22 53 79
Russian Federation b, d 5.8 - - 1.0 1.5 25 47 35 40
United Arab Emirates b 5.4 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.4 32 37 25 61
Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 5.3 ... ... 1.0 1.4 22 43 19 6
Above 15 311.9 - - 80.6 79.1 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

67
4.2.  Chemicals

Table II.31

Exports of chemicals by principal region, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 1247.8 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 14 12 13


Europe
World 743.2 100.0 100.0 58.5 59.6 14 10 12
Europe 533.6 70.7 71.8 41.4 42.8 14 10 12
iI North America 87.1 11.7 11.7 6.9 7.0 14 6 14
Asia 54.6 8.4 7.4 4.9 4.4 11 7 9
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 21.2 1.4 2.9 0.8 1.7 28 28 33
Africa 14.8 2.2 2.0 1.3 1.2 12 9 10
Middle East 14.4 2.1 1.9 1.2 1.2 12 6 13
South and Central America 12.1 2.2 1.6 1.3 1.0 8 4 17
Asia
World 235.8 100.0 100.0 17.3 18.9 15 19 15
Asia 152.4 65.1 64.6 11.3 12.2 15 18 14
Europe 35.5 14.5 15.1 2.5 2.8 16 17 17
North America 28.4 14.3 12.0 2.5 2.3 12 19 14
Middle East 5.6 1.8 2.4 0.3 0.4 20 28 20
Africa 5.5 1.7 2.3 0.3 0.4 21 35 28
South and Central America 5.2 1.8 2.2 0.3 0.4 19 40 23
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.2 0.7 1.4 0.1 0.3 30 48 30
Japan
World 57.9 100.0 100.0 6.0 4.6 9 10 10
Asia 41.3 60.9 71.3 3.7 3.3 12 14 13
North America 8.0 21.1 13.9 1.3 0.6 1 -1 0
Europe 7.4 15.8 12.8 1.0 0.6 5 2 6
South and Central America 0.5 1.1 0.8 0.1 0.0 3 13 7
Middle East 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 10 21 13
Africa 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 6 26 19
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 26 41 42
Other economies in Asia
World 177.9 100.0 100.0 11.3 14.3 18 23 17
Asia 111.1 67.4 62.4 7.6 8.9 17 20 15
Europe 28.1 13.8 15.8 1.6 2.3 21 23 20
North America 20.3 10.6 11.4 1.2 1.6 20 31 20
Africa 5.3 2.4 3.0 0.3 0.4 22 36 28
Middle East 5.2 2.5 2.9 0.3 0.4 21 28 21
South and Central America 4.8 2.2 2.7 0.3 0.4 22 44 25
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.2 1.0 1.8 0.1 0.3 30 48 30
North America
World 173.7 100.0 100.0 17.6 13.9 9 9 13
North America 68.2 39.1 39.3 6.9 5.5 9 14 12
Europe 49.0 25.3 28.2 4.5 3.9 11 8 15
Asia 36.3 23.3 20.9 4.1 2.9 7 2 9
South and Central America 16.1 10.0 9.3 1.8 1.3 8 7 20
Middle East 1.9 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.2 10 9 9
Africa 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.2 0.1 9 1 27
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 11 29 20

68
Table II.32

Leading exporters and importers of chemicals, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 680.4 - - 54.0 54.5 14 20 10 12
extra-EU (25) exports 234.8 - - 19.0 18.8 13 19 8 13
United States 135.4 14.8 13.3 14.1 10.9 9 20 6 13
Japan 57.8 4.7 5.3 6.0 4.6 9 23 10 10
Switzerland 51.8 4.0 4.7 3.7 4.2 15 19 7 18
China a 44.5 0.8 1.3 2.1 3.6 24 35 36 24
Korea, Republic of
Singapore
31.8
30.8
0.5
0.5
0.8
1.1
2.4
1.6
2.5
2.5
15
21
37
25
20
14
15
18
Ii
domestic exports 24.9 0.2 0.7 1.1 2.0 26 27 13 20
re-exports 6.0 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 10 18 14 11
Canada 29.4 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.4 12 27 20 13
Taipei, Chinese 21.9 0.4 0.9 1.6 1.8 15 35 23 10
Hong Kong, China 15.6 0.5 1.5 1.8 1.2 7 20 8 10
domestic exports 1.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 7 15 25 13
re-exports 14.4 0.4 1.2 1.6 1.2 7 21 7 10
Russian Federation 15.3 - - 1.2 1.2 14 27 21 13
India b 14.8 0.3 0.4 0.8 1.2 21 25 31 23
Saudi Arabia c 11.1 0.1 0.8 0.7 1.0 ... 35 35 ...
Thailand 10.5 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.8 17 31 29 17
Brazil 9.3 ... 0.6 0.6 0.7 17 31 27 27
Above 15 1146.1 - - 92.3 91.9 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 581.5 - - 44.5 45.7 14 21 10 12
extra-EU (25) imports 135.9 - - 10.8 10.7 13 21 9 14
United States 146.6 6.2 7.7 12.5 11.5 12 12 14 11
China a 87.0 2.0 2.2 5.0 6.8 19 34 19 12
Japan 40.8 4.1 5.0 4.3 3.2 8 17 10 8
Canada d 35.9 2.2 2.5 3.3 2.8 10 15 13 13
Switzerland 29.9 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.3 14 17 10 9
Korea, Republic of 27.6 1.3 2.4 2.2 2.2 13 25 19 13
Mexico a, d 27.5 1.5 1.2 2.5 2.2 10 16 15 12
Taipei, Chinese 26.1 1.3 2.3 2.6 2.0 9 31 11 14
Hong Kong, China 20.0 1.1 2.0 2.2 1.6 7 21 13 8
retained imports 5.6 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.4 7 24 31 3
Turkey 18.5 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.5 17 37 15 15
Russian Federation d 18.3 - - 0.8 1.4 24 22 34 35
Brazil 17.2 2.4 1.1 1.7 1.4 9 31 5 13
India b 16.4 ... 1.0 0.8 1.3 23 33 42 18
Singapore 14.3 0.9 1.5 1.3 1.1 11 23 14 15
retained imports 8.3 0.6 1.1 0.7 0.7 11 28 15 18
Above 15 978.1 - - 85.6 86.5 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Figures refer to fiscal year.
c 2005 instead of 2006
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

69
Table II.33

Leading exporters and importers of pharmaceuticals, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 214.5 65.1 69.0 20 20 9 11
extra-EU (25) exports 85.3 28.9 27.4 18 18 10 15
Switzerland 31.2 9.6 10.0 20 23 9 24
United States 29.1 12.1 9.4 14 25 8 12
Singapore 5.3 0.9 1.7 32 21 149 79
domestic exports a 4.5 0.5 1.5 41 37 231 95
iI re-exports a
Canada
0.7
4.7
0.4
1.1
0.2
1.5
9
25
4
28
29
17
19
34
China b 4.5 1.6 1.4 17 13 17 19
India a, c 3.5 1.2 1.1 19 13 26 22
Japan 3.2 2.5 1.0 3 11 -6 -4
Israel a 3.0 0.4 1.0 38 42 51 44
Australia 2.6 1.1 0.8 14 32 29 6
Mexico b 1.3 0.8 0.4 7 14 -2 -4
Hong Kong, China 1.0 0.7 0.3 5 -2 6 41
domestic exports 0.2 0.1 0.1 11 -13 24 8
re-exports 0.8 0.6 0.2 4 1 1 53
Brazil 0.7 0.2 0.2 17 26 29 31
Korea, Republic of 0.6 0.3 0.2 10 20 10 20
Norway 0.5 0.2 0.2 15 18 20 3
Above 15 304.8 97.4 98.0 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 172.8 51.3 55.7 20 20 7 10
extra-EU (25) imports 43.6 15.3 14.0 17 26 3 14
United States 46.2 13.5 14.9 21 11 11 18
Switzerland 14.8 4.7 4.8 19 19 11 14
Canada d 9.4 3.4 3.0 16 13 13 20
Japan 8.5 4.3 2.7 10 15 15 4
Russian Federation a, d 5.7 1.1 1.8 29 26 48 52
Australia d 5.5 2.1 1.8 15 33 14 1
Turkey a 3.5 1.2 1.1 17 32 5 9
Mexico b, d 3.4 1.3 1.1 16 17 11 22
Brazil 3.1 1.6 1.0 10 17 12 26
China b 2.7 0.9 0.9 19 11 22 18
Korea, Republic of 2.6 0.7 0.8 21 25 15 30
Saudi Arabia a 2.0 0.8 0.6 14 9 14 14
Singapore 1.6 0.6 0.5 15 11 72 2
retained imports a 0.9 0.2 0.3 22 20 118 -8
Romania 1.6 0.3 0.5 31 49 20 41
Above 15 283.3 87.9 91.3 - - - -

a Includes Secretariat estimates.


b Includes significant shipments through processing zones
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

70
4.3.  Office and telecom equipment

Table II.34

Exports of office and telecom equipment by principal region and economy, 2006

merchandise trade by product


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 1451.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 7 11 13


Asia
World 801.4 100.0 100.0 47.2 55.2 10 11 15
Asia 408.7 48.3 51.0 22.8 28.2 11 10 15
North America 200.1 29.5 25.0 13.9 13.8 7 11 18 Ii
Europe 164.6 20.0 20.5 9.4 11.3 10 12 12
South and Central America 9.8 0.9 1.2 0.4 0.7 16 41 35
Middle East 8.9 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.6 17 12 21
Africa 4.9 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 22 28 26
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.3 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3 37 27 28
China
World 287.3 100.0 100.0 4.5 19.8 37 32 27
North America 98.1 34.2 34.1 1.5 6.8 37 31 28
Asia 94.9 37.3 33.0 1.7 6.5 34 27 27
Europe 81.3 25.3 28.3 1.1 5.6 40 35 23
South and Central America 4.3 1.4 1.5 0.1 0.3 38 55 58
Middle East 3.2 0.9 1.1 0.0 0.2 42 38 37
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.9 0.3 1.0 0.0 0.2 64 56 57
Africa 2.6 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.2 48 61 45
Other economies in Asia
World 514.1 100.0 100.0 42.7 35.4 4 3 10
Asia 313.8 49.5 61.0 21.1 21.6 7 6 12
North America 102.0 29.0 19.8 12.4 7.0 -3 -2 9
Europe 83.3 19.5 16.2 8.3 5.7 1 -2 2
Middle East 5.7 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.4 11 3 14
South and Central America 5.5 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.4 9 33 21
Africa 2.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.2 11 9 10
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 19 3 -7
Europe
World 427.1 100.0 100.0 29.7 29.4 7 13 12
Europe 329.7 74.7 77.2 22.2 22.7 7 12 17
Asia 36.4 11.0 8.5 3.3 2.5 2 2 7
North America 18.3 7.7 4.3 2.3 1.3 -3 2 -10
Middle East 14.4 1.8 3.4 0.5 1.0 19 61 -19
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 13.8 1.0 3.2 0.3 1.0 30 32 4
Africa 10.6 1.9 2.5 0.6 0.7 11 26 9
South and Central America 3.6 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.2 5 21 0
North America
World 198.1 100.0 100.0 21.5 13.6 -1 5 12
North America 89.4 44.3 45.1 9.5 6.2 -1 3 11
Asia 60.2 31.2 30.4 6.7 4.1 -1 3 12
Europe 28.6 17.4 14.5 3.8 2.0 -4 4 8
South and Central America 15.7 5.4 7.9 1.2 1.1 6 33 23
Middle East 2.2 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.1 -1 9 0
Africa 1.5 0.4 0.8 0.1 0.1 11 17 33
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 10 -22 25

71
Table II.35

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

European Union (25) United States


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 522623 100.0 7 11 15 World 253703 100.0 3 10 9
Europe 308948 59.1 8 12 18 Asia 197950 78.0 4 11 9
Asia 175562 33.6 11 8 14 North America 39755 15.7 -1 5 14
North America 30834 5.9 -4 2 11 Europe 12855 5.1 -4 5 -7
iI Middle East 2862 0.5 6 139 -59 Middle East 1570 0.6 -4 7 15
South and Central America 2630 0.5 11 4 -12 South and Central America 1418 0.6 -4 33 -19
Africa 1055 0.2 12 10 17 Africa 137 0.1 -4 -14 16
CIS 346 0.1 15 15 41 CIS 18 0.0 -2 -2 0
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 301699 57.7 8 11 19 China 94859 37.4 27 27 18
China 79097 15.1 33 22 28 Mexico 32647 12.9 3 2 20
United States 26768 5.1 -5 1 10 Malaysia 28618 11.3 6 24 6
Japan 21347 4.1 -2 -6 4 Japan 21044 8.3 -9 -4 -4
Korea, Republic of 18156 3.5 10 17 5 Taipei, Chinese 14955 5.9 -4 -4 16
Above 5 447067 85.5 - - - Above 5 192122 75.7 - - -
Taipei, Chinese 16437 3.1 4 -2 5 Korea, Republic of 13756 5.4 -6 -23 -7
Malaysia 12525 2.4 6 3 8 European Union (25) 12327 4.9 -4 5 -8
Singapore 11135 2.1 1 -6 3 Singapore 9041 3.6 -8 -8 2
Philippines 4883 0.9 2 -8 -7 Thailand 8529 3.4 7 27 7
Thailand 4851 0.9 7 -7 12 Canada 7109 2.8 -12 18 -8
Hong Kong, China 4492 0.9 7 14 -1 Philippines 3975 1.6 -12 -1 1
Turkey 2983 0.6 22 11 0 Israel 1530 0.6 -5 7 14
Switzerland 2551 0.5 7 117 -32 Indonesia 1355 0.5 -7 5 -27
Canada 2273 0.4 -3 9 19 Hong Kong, China 1002 0.4 -10 -12 -11
Costa Rica 2223 0.4 11 2 -8 Costa Rica 617 0.2 -9 -6 -2
Mexico 1792 0.3 6 11 9 Brazil 600 0.2 -3 64 -28
United Arab Emirates 1570 0.3 50 255 -72 India 326 0.1 27 69 64
Indonesia 1568 0.3 4 -1 -6 Viet Nam 306 0.1 225 131 99
Israel 1134 0.2 -7 -3 7 Norway 249 0.1 9 16 21
Norway 752 0.1 2 -2 20 Switzerland 228 0.1 -9 7 -20
Above 20 518234 99.2 - - - Above 20 253072 99.8 - - -

72
Table II.35 (continued)

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


China a Japan

Annual percentage Annual percentage


Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 197948 100.0 28 25 23 World 68657 100.0 2 4 3
Asia 174747 88.3 33 27 23 Asia 55782 81.2 6 5 2
North America 11826 6.0 13 11 29 North America 9614 14.0 -7 -2 8
Europe 8912 4.5 4 5 18 Europe 2899 4.2 -9 0 0
South and Central America 1767 0.9 138 40 92 South and Central America 238 0.3 1 24 32 Ii
Middle East 359 0.2 21 -22 61 Middle East 103 0.2 -4 20 -40
Africa 290 0.1 42 38 31 Africa 14 0.0 0 -17 72
CIS 46 0.0 3 8 12 CIS 6 0.0 22 4 -7
Suppliers Suppliers
China 39223 19.8 56 46 38 China 25360 36.9 26 21 2
Taipei, Chinese 31205 15.8 34 23 25 Taipei, Chinese 8957 13.0 -1 2 14
Korea, Republic of 29921 15.1 37 41 25 United States 8728 12.7 -8 -4 8
Japan 24562 12.4 17 1 13 Korea, Republic of 7053 10.3 2 -5 4
Philippines 15090 7.6 54 46 35 Malaysia 4064 5.9 -7 -12 -5
Above 5 140002 70.7 - - - Above 5 54161 78.9 - - -
Malaysia 15088 7.6 35 22 14 Thailand 3384 4.9 5 9 -4
United States 10117 5.1 12 10 32 Philippines 2977 4.3 -5 -18 -13
European Union (25) 8698 4.4 4 4 18 European Union (25) 2840 4.1 -9 0 0
Thailand 7846 4.0 35 31 25 Singapore 2794 4.1 -5 0 0
Singapore 7115 3.6 25 32 -3 Indonesia 705 1.0 -3 -21 -14
Hong Kong, China 2836 1.4 4 3 -20 Mexico 452 0.7 -2 26 3
Costa Rica 1722 0.9 144 43 93 Canada 434 0.6 1 13 13
Indonesia 1653 0.8 34 13 28 Hong Kong, China 282 0.4 -10 -5 -14
Mexico 1014 0.5 24 12 14 Costa Rica 228 0.3 7 22 34
Canada 695 0.4 14 25 14 Viet Nam 166 0.2 35 -5 67
Israel 357 0.2 22 -23 65 Israel 102 0.1 -4 20 -41
Morocco 282 0.1 44 39 29 Switzerland 34 0.1 -15 -9 9
Switzerland 170 0.1 25 53 1 Norway 18 0.0 3 5 -4
India 69 0.0 58 81 69 Australia 15 0.0 -19 0 10
Viet Nam 68 0.0 54 27 28 Bangladesh 14 0.0 32 75 18
Above 20 197731 99.9 - - - Above 20 68605 99.9 - - -

a In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 20 per cent of its office and telecom equipment imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

73
Table II.36

Leading exporters and importers of office and telecom equipment, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 417.8 - - 29.2 28.8 7 18 13 12
extra-EU (25) exports 116.1 - - 8.8 8.0 5 22 17 -2
China a 287.3 0.1 1.0 4.5 19.8 37 46 32 27
United States 136.8 19.5 17.3 15.9 9.4 -2 8 4 9
Hong Kong, China 124.7 2.8 4.3 5.2 8.6 16 26 20 14
domestic exports 3.4 2.0 1.6 0.4 0.2 -3 23 82 1
iI re-exports
Singapore
121.2
118.0
0.8
3.2
2.7
6.4
4.8
7.6
8.4
8.1
18
8
26
24
19
10
14
16
domestic exports 49.5 2.5 4.9 4.3 3.4 3 17 6 9
re-exports 68.6 0.7 1.5 3.3 4.7 13 32 14 22
Japan 99.5 21.1 22.5 11.2 6.9 -1 14 -4 2
Korea, Republic of 83.7 2.0 4.8 6.1 5.8 6 29 0 1
Malaysia a 67.9 1.4 2.7 5.4 4.7 4 13 7 13
Taipei, Chinese 64.5 3.2 4.7 6.0 4.4 2 13 0 14
Mexico a 46.6 0.1 1.5 3.5 3.2 5 16 5 23
Thailand 29.4 0.0 1.2 1.9 2.0 8 9 13 23
Philippines a 26.1 0.1 0.6 2.6 1.8 1 1 -1 10
Canada 14.8 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.0 -5 18 18 8
United Arab Emirates b 10.0 ... ... 0.2 0.7 ... 33 71 ...
Indonesia 6.2 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.4 -3 18 6 -9
Above 15 1411.8 - - 97.4 97.3 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 522.6 - - 34.6 35.8 7 22 11 15
extra-EU (25) imports 220.9 - - 15.1 15.1 7 22 10 10
United States 253.7 15.9 21.1 21.8 17.4 3 18 10 9
China a, c 197.9 0.6 1.3 4.5 13.6 28 34 25 23
Hong Kong, China 129.6 2.4 4.1 6.0 8.9 14 26 15 16
retained imports 8.3 1.7 1.4 1.3 0.6 -7 20 -25 40
Singapore 85.3 2.6 4.5 5.5 5.8 8 28 12 15
retained imports 16.7 1.9 2.9 2.2 1.1 -4 19 6 -8
Japan 68.7 2.6 3.7 6.2 4.7 2 18 4 3
Malaysia a 46.1 1.6 1.9 3.3 3.2 6 14 7 10
Mexico a, e 42.4 0.9 1.5 2.9 2.9 7 23 5 18
Taipei, Chinese 41.1 1.4 2.5 3.9 2.8 1 14 5 7
Korea, Republic of 40.3 1.3 2.6 3.4 2.8 3 10 6 7
Canada e 29.7 4.1 3.5 3.1 2.0 0 18 11 8
Philippines a, e 22.8 0.2 0.7 1.2 1.6 11 21 0 8
Thailand 20.9 0.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 7 15 12 9
Australia e 15.5 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.1 6 29 6 10
India d 14.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 1.0 33 31 39 36
Above 15 1410.1 - - 94.5 96.6 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b 2005 instead of 2006
c In 2006, China reported imports of office and telecom equipment from China amounting to $39.2 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.
d Figures refer to fiscal year.
e Imports are valued f.o.b.

74
Table II.37

Exports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World 298551 | 966828 1150790 1279262 1451376 15.4 12.3


Argentina 119 94 75 76 120 0.4 0.3
Australia 741 1781 1680 1764 1759 2.8 1.4
Belarus - 99 145 150 90 1.4 0.5
Brazil 692 2376 2030 3722 3979 4.3 2.9
Bulgaria ... | 33 121 149 175 0.7 1.2
Canada 5622 20631 11526 13651 14751 7.5 3.8
China b 3126 43498 171782 225964 287331 17.5 29.7 Ii
Costa Rica b 0 1688 1324 1681 2009 28.8 24.4
Croatia ... 87 248 222 274 2.0 2.6
European Union (25) - 281895 329008 371833 417830 11.6 9.2
intra-EU (25) exports - 196733 227676 252796 301699 12.0 9.9
extra-EU (25) exports - 85162 101332 119037 116131 10.7 7.8
Hong Kong, China 12886 50066 91388 109557 124673 24.7 38.6
domestic exports 4772 3997 1851 3377 3424 17.0 15.0
re-exports 8114 46069 89537 106181 121250 25.7 40.4
India c, d 182 480 850 985 1373 1.1 1.1
Indonesia 124 7280 6454 6810 6178 11.1 6.0
Israel d 1226 6939 5259 4523 5022 22.1 10.8
Japan 67032 108179 102363 97950 99490 22.6 15.3
Jordan 4 36 120 139 195 1.9 3.8
Korea, Republic of 14339 58686 82584 82991 83671 34.1 25.7
Macao, China 14 19 65 53 71 0.8 2.8
Malaysia b 8207 52382 56172 60091 67874 53.3 42.2
Mauritius b, d 3 2 45 285 306 0.1 14.1
Mexico b 4535 34042 36232 38044 46625 20.5 18.6
Morocco b 110 506 679 672 782 6.8 6.2
New Zealand 95 231 341 362 369 1.7 1.6
Norway 655 1142 1189 1319 1524 1.9 1.3
Pakistan 4 6 34 77 94 0.1 0.6
Philippines b, d 1835 25138 23990 23792 26057 63.2 55.4
Romania 33 513 647 564 757 4.9 2.3
Russian Federation d - 326 504 467 694 0.3 0.2
Singapore 19235 73820 | 92465 101683 118023 53.6 43.4
domestic exports d 14685 41523 | 43080 45524 49455 52.8 34.6
re-exports d 4549 32297 | 49385 56159 68589 54.6 53.3
South Africa ... 409 598 607 764 1.4 1.3
Switzerland 1520 2909 | 2520 3077 2773 3.6 1.9
Taipei, Chinese 14105 57821 56529 56580 64462 39.0 30.3
Thailand 3520 18653 21215 23910 29390 27.0 22.5
Tunisia d 24 49 108 164 315 0.8 2.7
Turkey d 259 1008 2930 3214 3401 3.6 4.0
Ukraine - 94 363 184 279 0.6 0.7
United Arab Emirates d ... 1914 6915 11824 9967 3.8 7.2
United States 51658 153399 121295 125659 136750 19.6 13.2
Viet Nam d ... 652 955 ... ... 4.5 3.6

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.

75
Table II.38

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 253 444 1246 1531 1208 4.8 5.6
Argentina 305 3477 2368 3330 3961 13.8 11.6
Australia b 4343 10771 13237 14086 15511 15.1 11.7
Bangladesh c, d 91 199 425 631 ... 2.6 4.9
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 367 1189 1268 2577 4436 8.2 14.5
Brazil 1514 7900 7137 9120 11437 13.4 11.9
Bulgaria ... | 300 749 992 1208 4.6 5.2
Canada b 10475 30418 24840 27555 29688 12.7 8.5
iI Chile
China e
456
4058
1681
44427
1788
128714
2246
160468
2885
197948
9.1
19.7
7.5
25.0
Colombia 365 1048 1717 2764 3127 9.1 12.0
Costa Rica e 84 977 1632 2078 2362 15.3 20.5
Croatia ... 418 1040 1128 1289 5.3 6.0
Ecuador 57 200 841 1068 926 5.4 7.7
Egypt 226 593 439 887 ... 4.2 4.5
European Union (25) f - 342530 411129 454351 522623 13.4 11.0
extra-EU (25) imports - 148952 183453 201555 220924 16.2 13.0
Guatemala 61 419 | 594 625 822 8.7 6.9
Hong Kong, China 12326 59370 97472 112118 129590 27.7 38.6
retained imports 4212 13301 7935 5937 8340 38.1 23.3
India c, d 662 2708 7880 10923 14819 5.3 7.9
Indonesia 892 705 1811 2088 2150 1.6 2.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 530 1423 2210 2753 3.8 5.4
Israel d 939 4894 4197 4340 4177 13.0 8.4
Jamaica 90 165 258 247 ... 5.0 5.2
Japan 11273 60866 64277 66955 68657 16.0 11.8
Jordan 56 201 438 718 732 4.4 6.4
Kazakhstan - 261 522 684 825 5.2 3.3
Korea, Republic of 7741 34012 35348 37613 40279 21.2 13.0
Kuwait d 128 409 747 900 ... 5.7 5.7
Macao, China 64 104 409 438 492 4.6 10.8
Malaysia e 5744 32405 39273 41893 46062 39.5 35.1
Mauritius d 57 111 156 398 426 5.3 11.7
Mexico b, e 4640 29011 34352 36059 42426 16.6 16.6
Morocco e 306 1212 1281 1432 1473 10.5 6.2
New Zealand 905 1618 2089 2468 2356 11.6 8.9
Norway 1732 3352 4468 4893 5487 9.7 8.6
Pakistan d 236 372 1350 2151 2530 3.4 8.5
Panama 65 244 284 367 398 7.2 8.2
Paraguay 320 224 256 524 1578 10.2 26.8
Peru 100 656 873 1035 1329 8.9 8.7
Philippines b, d, e 2044 11982 21126 21063 22811 32.4 44.3
Qatar 52 143 263 499 ... 4.4 5.0
Romania 211 1258 2257 2683 3253 9.6 6.4
Russian Federation b, d - 3002 9491 12528 14298 6.7 8.7
Saudi Arabia d 811 1242 2299 3859 4672 4.1 7.0
Serbia ... ... ... ... 700 ... 5.3
Serbia and Montenegro ... 145 814 579 ... 3.9 5.0
Singapore 13392 54107 | 66598 74365 85262 40.2 35.7
retained imports d 8842 21810 | 17213 18206 16668 28.9 15.2
South Africa b ... 3364 5232 6190 7112 12.6 10.3
Sri Lanka d 51 259 314 368 496 3.6 4.8
Switzerland 4797 8045 8398 9502 8971 9.7 6.3
Taipei, Chinese 7438 38646 36627 38615 41144 27.6 20.4
Thailand 3421 14055 17053 19117 20851 22.7 16.2
Tunisia d 149 318 606 596 702 3.7 4.7
Turkey d 1234 5522 6200 6977 7204 10.1 5.2
Ukraine - 327 924 1423 1438 2.3 3.2
United Arab Emirates d 698 4002 8825 14452 12617 11.4 12.9
United States 63365 215544 212906 233142 253703 17.1 13.2
Viet Nam d ... 1038 2324 ... ... 6.6 7.3

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e Includes significant imports into processing zones.
f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.

76
4.3.1.  EDP equipment

Table II.39

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

merchandise trade by product


(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (25) United States


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 222483 100.0 7 7 11 World 108520 100.0 2 5 8
Europe 123892 55.7 6 7 9 Asia 93183 85.9 4 7 10 Ii
Asia 78112 35.1 9 6 14 North America 8805 8.1 -6 -6 -3
North America 17471 7.9 1 4 13 Europe 5677 5.2 -5 -2 -1
South and Central America 2174 1.0 15 1920 35 South and Central America 465 0.4 -11 143 -2
Middle East 558 0.3 0 19 -8 Middle East 380 0.4 -1 26 20
Africa 181 0.1 17 43 5 Africa 10 0.0 4 -12 35
CIS 65 0.0 6 11 5 CIS 2 0.0 6 -7 11
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 122708 55.2 6 7 9 China 49629 45.7 28 18 15
China 39365 17.7 32 20 24 Malaysia 14887 13.7 10 13 15
United States 15785 7.1 1 3 12 Japan 8925 8.2 -10 -4 -2
Taipei, Chinese 8683 3.9 -1 -7 -5 Mexico 6949 6.4 -4 -8 -2
Japan 8275 3.7 -4 -5 15 Singapore 6185 5.7 -8 -10 -4
Above 5 194817 87.6 - - - Above 5 86576 79.8 - - -
Malaysia 5833 2.6 8 12 45 European Union (25) 5521 5.1 -5 -3 -1
Singapore 5508 2.5 0 -7 -3 Taipei, Chinese 4638 4.3 -13 -20 -7
Korea, Republic of 2702 1.2 -7 -24 -10 Thailand 3557 3.3 4 14 25
Thailand 2583 1.2 7 0 7 Korea, Republic of 3377 3.1 -13 -20 4
Philippines 2180 1.0 -3 22 3 Canada 1856 1.7 -11 5 -6
Hong Kong, China 2107 0.9 6 5 -5 Philippines 1101 1.0 -14 -5 -10
Costa Rica 2075 0.9 15 5134 40 Indonesia 385 0.4 -11 -12 -17
Canada 877 0.4 7 11 40 Israel 376 0.3 -1 25 21
Mexico 808 0.4 1 8 0 Costa Rica 345 0.3 -14 111 35
Switzerland 607 0.3 -2 27 -20 Viet Nam 195 0.2 342 119 74
Indonesia 459 0.2 -5 -3 -24 Hong Kong, China 177 0.2 -11 -30 -19
Israel 311 0.1 -6 1 -2 Switzerland 89 0.1 -14 28 2
Romania 275 0.1 18 186 163 Dominican Republic 61 0.1 184 612 -64
Viet Nam 210 0.1 102 69 96 Australia 47 0.0 0 4 7
Norway 194 0.1 0 -12 24 India 45 0.0 12 23 16
Above 20 221545 99.6 - - - Above 20 108346 99.8 - - -

77
Table II.39 (continued)

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

China a Japan
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 40692 100.0 25 21 14 World 26382 100.0 -1 2 -5
Asia 36204 89.0 29 22 15 Asia 22194 84.1 2 3 -3
North America 2830 7.0 6 14 4 North America 2923 11.1 -10 -4 -9
Europe 1616 4.0 12 12 -1 Europe 1176 4.5 -12 3 -14
iI Middle East 30 0.1 6 -3 13 Middle East 57 0.2 -3 2 -36
South and Central America 11 0.0 52 -50 284 South and Central America 30 0.1 -7 136 2
CIS 1 0.0 -3 -58 50 Africa 1 0.0 -6 158 -39
Africa 1 0.0 73 552 -8 CIS 0 0.0 -19 -93 125
Suppliers Suppliers
China 13270 32.6 50 27 23 China 14417 54.6 30 19 1
Thailand 4603 11.3 37 40 31 United States 2508 9.5 -11 -8 -11
Japan 4130 10.1 16 9 -1 Singapore 1475 5.6 -6 13 -11
Korea, Republic of 3617 8.9 35 23 32 Taipei, Chinese 1441 5.5 -20 -29 -15
Philippines 2698 6.6 38 49 11 Thailand 1400 5.3 3 21 -2
Above 5 28318 69.6 - - - Above 5 21241 80.5 - - -
Taipei, Chinese 2556 6.3 15 4 8 European Union (25) 1152 4.4 -12 3 -14
United States 2321 5.7 4 13 6 Korea, Republic of 1123 4.3 -12 -22 -26
Singapore 1929 4.7 14 33 -20 Malaysia 983 3.7 -13 -20 5
Malaysia 1662 4.1 15 -10 15 Philippines 903 3.4 -12 -42 -6
European Union (25) 1593 3.9 12 12 -1 Mexico 261 1.0 2 50 13
Indonesia 1139 2.8 35 21 29 Indonesia 238 0.9 2 -8 -17
Hong Kong, China 517 1.3 -1 9 -12 Canada 153 0.6 -8 19 -14
Mexico 416 1.0 12 6 6 Hong Kong, China 144 0.5 -5 19 -13
Canada 94 0.2 28 61 -30 Israel 57 0.2 -2 2 -36
Viet Nam 42 0.1 105 76 20 Viet Nam 52 0.2 39 3 73
Israel 30 0.1 9 -3 12 Costa Rica 23 0.1 -11 144 -4
India 29 0.1 66 236 199 Switzerland 18 0.1 -22 -25 38
Switzerland 18 0.0 5 11 -6 Australia 8 0.0 -21 -21 5
Australia 11 0.0 -3 -78 32 Brazil 7 0.0 51 98 36
Dominican Republic 7 0.0 ... ... 625 Norway 5 0.0 1 31 -24
Above 20 40680 100.0 - - - Above 20 26369 100.0 - - -

a In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 33 per cent of its EDP and office equipment imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

78
Table II.40

Leading exporters and importers of EDP and office equipment, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 160.0 30.5 31.1 6 16 9 7
extra-EU (25) exports 37.2 7.1 7.2 6 15 17 2
China a 134.5 5.0 26.1 39 39 27 22
United States 49.1 15.5 9.5 -3 7 7 5
Hong Kong, China 40.6 4.4 7.9 16 16 31 9
domestic exports 2.5 0.3 0.5 18 7 160 42
re-exports
Singapore
38.1
32.2
4.2
8.4
7.4
6.3
16
1
17
11
28
9
8
0
Ii
domestic exports b 19.6 6.0 3.8 -2 3 5 -6
re-exports b 12.6 2.4 2.4 6 34 17 11
Malaysia a 28.0 5.6 5.4 5 20 14 22
Japan 24.1 9.5 4.7 -6 7 -5 -1
Korea, Republic of 17.9 5.3 3.5 -2 19 -18 1
Thailand 14.7 2.4 2.9 9 10 27 27
Taipei, Chinese 13.8 7.9 2.7 -12 -7 -23 -8
Mexico a 12.3 3.2 2.4 1 4 -16 6
Philippines a, b 8.2 1.9 1.6 2 10 3 4
United Arab Emirates b, c 4.6 0.2 0.9 ... 31 70 ...
Canada 3.9 1.5 0.8 -6 11 4 6
Indonesia 2.4 0.8 0.5 -4 30 4 -14
Above 15 508.1 97.9 98.7 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 222.5 40.8 44.4 7 20 7 11
extra-EU (25) imports 99.8 18.0 19.9 7 16 7 14
United States 108.5 25.4 21.6 2 16 5 8
China a, d 40.7 2.9 8.1 25 22 21 14
Hong Kong, China 36.7 - - 12 13 20 14
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Japan 26.4 7.4 5.3 -1 12 2 -5
Singapore 19.4 4.5 3.9 3 15 13 -1
retained imports b 6.8 2.1 1.4 -2 -3 9 -18
Canada e 12.8 3.2 2.6 1 12 11 6
Mexico a, e 11.6 1.5 2.3 13 17 -6 3
Malaysia a 10.2 1.2 2.0 15 35 15 5
Korea, Republic of 8.0 2.1 1.6 1 8 20 14
Australia e 7.0 1.4 1.4 6 23 9 7
Thailand 6.4 1.0 1.3 9 10 19 12
United Arab Emirates b, c 5.8 0.3 1.2 ... 27 44 ...
Taipei, Chinese 5.0 2.8 1.0 -11 -5 -10 -9
Russian Federation b, e 4.9 0.4 1.0 24 13 44 15
Above 15 489.3 94.9 97.6 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c 2005 instead of 2006
d In 2006, China reported imports of EDP and office equipment imports from China amounting to $13.3 billion . For further information, see the Metadata.
e Imports are valued f.o.b.

79
Table II.41

Exports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World ... 371189 430095 467705 514828 5.9 4.4


Australia 494 811 830 878 864 1.3 0.7
Brazil 172 493 335 481 501 0.9 0.4
Bulgaria ... 14 59 53 67 0.3 0.4
Canada 2708 5516 3544 3686 3907 2.0 1.0
China b 375 18638 87101 110695 134507 7.5 13.9
Costa Rica b ... 1628 902 684 639 27.8 7.8
iI Croatia
European Union (25)
...
-
11
113163
54
136325
62
148856
75
159957
0.2
4.6
0.7
3.5
intra-EU (25) exports - 86937 105117 112249 122708 5.3 4.0
extra-EU (25) exports - 26226 31208 36607 37249 3.3 2.5
Hong Kong, China 3518 16402 28287 37100 40583 8.1 12.6
domestic exports 2086 937 678 1764 2508 4.0 11.0
re-exports 1432 15465 27609 35335 38075 8.6 12.7
India c, d 112 274 388 470 606 0.6 0.5
Indonesia 1 3041 2642 2758 2370 4.6 2.3
Israel d 421 902 902 693 755 2.9 1.6
Japan 24832 35209 25832 24418 24131 7.3 3.7
Korea, Republic of 2702 19633 21539 17757 17884 11.4 5.5
Macao, China ... 12 39 37 52 0.5 2.0
Malaysia b 676 20689 20188 22920 27982 21.1 17.4
Mauritius b ... 1 3 14 37 0.1 1.7
Mexico b ... 11757 13885 11624 12293 7.1 4.9
New Zealand 53 82 113 140 150 0.6 0.7
Norway 350 460 300 313 399 0.8 0.3
Philippines b, d 180 7208 7620 7816 8162 18.1 17.4
Romania ... 131 57 125 310 1.3 1.0
Russian Federation d - 71 87 85 126 0.1 0.0
Saudi Arabia ... 8 14 60 ... 0.0 0.0
Singapore 9205 31118 | 29640 32233 32195 22.6 11.8
domestic exports d 8022 22320 | 19921 20866 19597 28.4 13.7
re-exports d 1183 8799 | 9718 11367 12594 14.9 9.8
South Africa ... 141 126 156 270 0.5 0.5
Sri Lanka ... ... 66 55 39 ... 0.6
Switzerland 617 1359 | 742 677 741 1.7 0.5
Taipei, Chinese 6673 29309 19430 14931 13790 19.8 6.5
Thailand 1562 8769 9105 11561 14683 12.7 11.2
Tunisia d 2 2 36 36 32 0.0 0.3
Turkey d 20 63 52 69 114 0.2 0.1
Ukraine - 16 145 67 46 0.1 0.1
United Arab Emirates d ... 754 2534 4315 4590 1.5 3.3
United States 27766 57595 43948 46882 49144 7.4 4.7
Viet Nam d ... 486 554 ... ... 3.4 2.1

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.

80
Table II.42

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 94 111 282 403 324 1.2 1.5
Argentina 120 1191 777 1034 1217 4.7 3.6
Australia b 2697 5043 6035 6575 7021 7.1 5.3
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 191 388 447 779 1265 2.7 4.1
Brazil 469 2055 1635 2124 2840 3.5 3.0
Bulgaria ... 128 290 385 451 2.0 1.9
Canada b 5171 12042 10875 12067 12805 5.0 3.7
Chile
China c
144
772
654
10858
648
29632
825
35790
964
40692
3.5
4.8
2.5
5.1
Ii
Colombia 123 420 506 687 858 3.6 3.3
Costa Rica c 40 175 275 295 279 2.7 2.4
Croatia ... 191 441 460 536 2.4 2.5
Ecuador 20 84 213 270 278 2.3 2.3
Egypt 78 206 187 263 ... 1.5 1.3
European Union (25) d - 151706 186787 199814 222483 5.9 4.7
extra-EU (25) imports - 66710 81670 87565 99775 7.3 5.9
Guatemala 25 130 | 142 176 233 2.7 2.0
Hong Kong, China 2278 18341 26851 32184 36690 8.6 10.9
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
India e, f 237 1482 2637 3592 4746 2.9 2.5
Indonesia 246 215 408 514 573 0.5 0.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of f ... 155 467 538 872 1.1 1.7
Israel f 436 1717 1479 1646 1622 4.6 3.2
Japan 5335 27551 27104 27683 26382 7.3 4.6
Kazakhstan - 68 154 197 232 1.3 0.9
Korea, Republic of 1813 7711 5882 7047 8028 4.8 2.6
Kuwait f ... 134 234 293 ... 1.9 1.9
Malaysia c 686 4450 8442 9676 10207 5.4 7.8
Mexico b, c ... 5651 11892 11238 11587 3.2 4.5
Morocco c 70 195 291 357 424 1.7 1.8
New Zealand 446 734 1048 1207 1171 5.3 4.4
Norway 1046 1710 2249 2477 2612 5.0 4.1
Pakistan 47 204 229 291 319 1.9 1.1
Paraguay 25 114 122 294 995 5.2 16.9
Peru 47 278 323 352 430 3.7 2.8
Philippines b, c, f 338 2428 4020 3842 3682 6.6 7.1
Romania ... 306 742 1003 1209 2.3 2.4
Russian Federation b, f - 1347 2973 4275 4924 3.0 3.0
Saudi Arabia f 225 381 634 1055 1470 1.3 2.2
Serbia ... ... ... ... 331 ... 2.5
Serbia and Montenegro ... 67 442 279 ... 1.8 2.4
Singapore 4352 16682 | 17296 19630 19408 12.4 8.1
retained imports c 3169 7883 | 7577 8263 6805 10.4 6.2
South Africa b ... 1205 2327 2596 2947 4.5 4.3
Switzerland 2823 4568 4384 4743 4460 5.5 3.2
Taipei, Chinese 1574 10310 6085 5457 4966 7.4 2.5
Thailand 1114 3821 4809 5710 6389 6.2 5.0
Tunisia f 58 135 197 241 275 1.6 1.8
Turkey f 471 1591 1766 2465 2781 2.9 2.0
Ukraine - 104 172 232 233 0.7 0.5
United Arab Emirates f ... 1276 3255 4679 5840 3.6 6.0
United States 27499 94193 95643 100534 108520 7.5 5.7
Viet Nam f ... 217 1050 ... ... 1.4 3.3

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Includes significant imports into processing zones.
d See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
e Figures refer to fiscal year.
f Includes Secretariat estimates.

81
4.3.2.  Telecommunications equipment

Table II.43

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (25) United States


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 230881 100.0 12 21 25 World 117055 100.0 8 18 11
iI Europe 148143 64.2 12 21 35 Asia 82475 70.5 13 21 9
Asia 71775 31.1 19 17 18 North America 28812 24.6 2 9 25
North America 7468 3.2 -10 5 7 Europe 4255 3.6 0 19 -19
Middle East 2170 0.9 7 163 -64 Middle East 796 0.7 -6 17 2
Africa 431 0.2 15 27 17 South and Central America 687 0.6 1 51 -26
South and Central America 366 0.2 25 13 -27 Africa 25 0.0 11 -30 55
CIS 239 0.1 22 13 66 CIS 5 0.0 -1 6 -19
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 143164 62.0 12 20 39 China 42983 36.7 27 40 23
China 35452 15.4 33 25 31 Mexico 24610 21.0 7 8 30
Korea, Republic of 12708 5.5 28 45 11 Malaysia 10498 9.0 12 57 -1
Japan 8619 3.7 1 -7 -8 Japan 8533 7.3 -5 -2 -13
United States 5446 2.4 -12 3 5 Korea, Republic of 7353 6.3 7 -24 -13
Above 5 205389 89.0 - - - Above 5 93977 80.3 - - -
Taipei, Chinese 4611 2.0 19 7 23 Taipei, Chinese 5852 5.0 11 24 39
Malaysia 3341 1.4 7 10 18 Canada 4202 3.6 -13 19 2
Turkey 2914 1.3 23 12 -1 Thailand 4032 3.4 17 42 -9
Hong Kong, China 1950 0.8 22 47 1 European Union (25) 3997 3.4 -1 19 -20
Singapore 1614 0.7 3 -18 9 Singapore 923 0.8 3 -7 4
Thailand 1582 0.7 7 -16 22 Indonesia 799 0.7 -4 13 -34
United Arab Emirates 1313 0.6 67 255 -75 Israel 761 0.7 -6 16 -1
Canada 1220 0.5 -3 10 10 Hong Kong, China 687 0.6 16 -1 -1
Switzerland 1213 0.5 8 219 -52 Brazil 553 0.5 -2 68 -31
Indonesia 1020 0.4 11 1 2 Philippines 410 0.4 -1 15 26
Mexico 802 0.3 14 16 23 India 220 0.2 40 142 82
Israel 761 0.3 -7 -2 17 Norway 201 0.2 22 12 25
Philippines 451 0.2 5 -22 14 Viet Nam 108 0.1 179 199 179
Norway 393 0.2 -2 -4 2 Dominican Republic 57 0.0 130 10 -7
Romania 332 0.1 1 -34 -2 Australia 52 0.0 -6 -42 11
Above 20 228906 99.1 - - - Above 20 116832 99.8 - - -

82
Table II.43 (continued)

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


China a Japan
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 35534 100.0 19 19 21 World 17572 100.0 5 12 -2
Asia 31037 87.3 31 26 21 Asia 15154 86.2 10 12 -4
Europe 3097 8.7 -4 -16 28 North America 1758 10.0 -11 7 12
North America 1273 3.6 -9 -10 11 Europe 617 3.5 -13 12 1
Middle East 97 0.3 1 -29 73 Middle East 39 0.2 2 61 -50 Ii
South and Central America 24 0.1 83 66 -6 CIS 3 0.0 38 217 0
CIS 5 0.0 -26 56 25 South and Central America 1 0.0 -48 28 -61
Africa 1 0.0 -12 -25 30 Africa 0 0.0 -7 -38 -13
Suppliers Suppliers
China 14504 40.8 54 65 41 China 8749 49.8 21 25 -1
Korea, Republic of 6110 17.2 41 15 17 Korea, Republic of 1963 11.2 11 8 19
Japan 4997 14.1 13 -6 7 United States 1547 8.8 -12 8 17
European Union (25) 3034 8.5 -4 -17 29 Malaysia 1461 8.3 -6 -3 -18
Taipei, Chinese 1446 4.1 19 1 -12 Thailand 1328 7.6 8 1 0
Above 5 30091 84.7 - - - Above 5 15048 85.6 - - -
Malaysia 1048 3.0 21 20 10 Taipei, Chinese 619 3.5 4 14 -21
United States 1020 2.9 -11 -7 8 European Union (25) 594 3.4 -13 12 1
Hong Kong, China 875 2.5 9 24 -18 Philippines 571 3.3 9 6 -33
Philippines 668 1.9 57 63 68 Indonesia 249 1.4 -8 -36 -22
Thailand 637 1.8 44 2 14 Mexico 156 0.9 21 18 -10
Singapore 500 1.4 17 69 -29 Viet Nam 76 0.4 25 -28 75
Indonesia 206 0.6 30 53 11 Hong Kong, China 69 0.4 4 -1 9
Mexico 137 0.4 66 11 61 Canada 55 0.3 -6 -20 -23
Canada 117 0.3 -11 -37 0 Singapore 53 0.3 -26 -54 13
Israel 96 0.3 2 -29 73 Israel 39 0.2 3 61 -50
Switzerland 37 0.1 12 263 -28 Norway 13 0.1 3 11 4
Norway 24 0.1 11 12 -4 Bangladesh 7 0.0 51 76 37
Viet Nam 17 0.0 33 -2 77 Switzerland 7 0.0 2 -10 -19
Brazil 17 0.0 74 128 42 Australia 5 0.0 -17 70 4
Australia 15 0.0 -4 -46 24 Russian Federation 3 0.0 45 311 31
Above 20 35506 99.9 - - - Above 20 17565 100.0 - - -

a In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 41 per cent of its telecommunications equipment imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

83
Table II.44

Leading exporters and importers of telecommunication equipment, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 195.6 38.2 35.9 10 19 23 22
extra-EU (25) exports 52.5 12.6 9.6 6 27 30 -8
China a 123.6 6.8 22.7 36 52 38 30
Hong Kong, China 46.2 6.8 8.5 15 30 14 10
domestic exports 0.1 0.2 0.0 -24 -54 156 18
re-exports 46.1 6.6 8.5 16 31 14 10
iI Korea, Republic of
United States
37.3
34.6
5.0
11.4
6.9
6.4
17
1
37
18
3
9
-1
13
Japan 33.6 10.6 6.2 2 17 -6 0
Mexico a 32.2 6.7 5.9 9 26 22 33
Singapore 18.0 2.9 3.3 14 35 8 15
domestic exports b 5.8 1.3 1.1 8 63 10 10
re-exports b 12.2 1.6 2.2 18 25 8 18
Malaysia a 14.4 4.5 2.6 2 20 7 7
Taipei, Chinese 11.5 2.3 2.1 9 18 14 -1
Canada 8.7 4.0 1.6 -5 23 25 18
Thailand 6.4 1.4 1.2 8 19 0 10
United Arab Emirates b, c 4.4 0.4 0.8 ... 35 58 ...
Brazil 3.3 0.6 0.6 12 -10 107 8
Turkey b 3.3 0.3 0.6 23 49 9 5
Above 15 526.9 95.3 96.8 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 230.9 39.2 44.7 12 27 21 25
extra-EU (25) imports 87.7 14.6 17.0 13 39 22 8
United States 117.1 24.3 22.7 8 23 18 11
Hong Kong, China 43.2 - - 13 26 12 13
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
China a, d 35.5 4.2 6.9 19 26 19 21
Mexico a, f 18.9 3.2 3.7 12 33 24 42
Japan 17.6 4.6 3.4 5 25 12 -2
Singapore 16.2 2.3 3.1 15 42 8 25
retained imports b 4.1 0.8 0.8 9 196 10 50
Canada f 12.7 3.4 2.5 4 19 9 15
India b, e 9.1 0.2 1.8 53 37 47 42
Russian Federation b, f 8.7 0.5 1.7 34 45 31 17
Australia f 7.7 1.6 1.5 8 37 6 15
Korea, Republic of 7.5 2.0 1.5 4 17 5 13
United Arab Emirates b, c 6.5 0.9 1.3 ... 28 78 ...
Brazil 4.6 1.1 0.9 6 57 35 30
Malaysia a 4.6 1.2 0.9 5 22 3 6
Above 15 497.5 88.8 96.4 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c 2005 instead of 2006
d In 2006, China reported imports of telecommunications equipment from China amounting to $14.5 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.
e Figures refer to fiscal year.
f Imports are valued f.o.b.

84
Table II.45

Exports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World ... 288095 390890 465658 544204 4.6 4.6


Argentina 3 52 53 51 91 0.2 0.2
Australia 226 838 633 654 660 1.3 0.5
Belarus - 59 98 99 46 0.8 0.2
Brazil 442 1648 1481 3069 3318 3.0 2.4
Bulgaria ... 12 39 52 55 0.2 0.4
Canada 1642 11656 5907 7356 8680 4.2 2.2
China b
Costa Rica b
2623
...
19508
9
68497
153
94856
184
123615
138
7.8
0.2
12.8
1.7
Ii
Croatia ... 73 136 109 124 1.7 1.2
European Union (25) - 109990 130345 160659 195636 4.5 4.3
intra-EU (25) exports - 73584 86235 103332 143164 4.5 4.7
extra-EU (25) exports - 36406 44110 57327 52472 4.6 3.5
Hong Kong, China 6806 19618 36824 41868 46210 9.7 14.3
domestic exports 2137 540 35 91 107 2.3 0.5
re-exports 4669 19078 36789 41777 46103 10.6 15.4
India c, d 31 120 236 318 559 0.3 0.5
Indonesia 105 3500 3038 3026 2864 5.4 2.8
Israel d 662 4256 3088 2450 2679 13.6 5.8
Japan 28809 30516 35879 33648 33633 6.4 5.2
Jordan 2 19 90 109 172 1.0 3.3
Korea, Republic of 6273 14364 36600 37746 37300 8.3 11.5
Malaysia b 3209 12965 12484 13412 14383 13.2 9.0
Mauritius b ... 1 39 268 266 0.0 12.3
Mexico b ... 19221 19823 24186 32173 11.6 12.8
New Zealand 41 132 181 164 146 1.0 0.7
Norway 295 652 806 883 920 1.1 0.8
Pakistan 2 5 31 74 90 0.1 0.5
Philippines b, d 599 1267 1125 970 926 3.2 2.0
Romania ... 337 545 389 357 3.2 1.1
Russian Federation d - 155 234 259 418 0.1 0.1
Saudi Arabia ... 20 37 61 ... 0.0 0.0
Singapore 6355 8266 | 14367 15584 17968 6.0 6.6
domestic exports d 3820 3770 | 4802 5278 5821 4.8 4.1
re-exports d 2535 4495 | 9564 10306 12164 7.6 9.5
South Africa ... 243 365 320 360 0.8 0.6
Switzerland 672 873 | 1011 1563 1203 1.1 0.8
Taipei, Chinese 4996 6745 10177 11563 11460 4.5 5.4
Thailand 1057 4007 5788 5811 6396 5.8 4.9
Tunisia d 21 28 51 74 248 0.5 2.2
Turkey d 238 934 2859 3119 3264 3.4 3.8
Uganda ... 0 6 16 55 0.0 5.4
Ukraine - 68 201 95 205 0.5 0.5
United Arab Emirates d ... 1114 4212 6642 4445 2.2 3.2
United States 9901 32980 28073 30536 34562 4.2 3.3
Viet Nam d ... 81 250 ... ... 0.6 0.9

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.

85
Table II.46

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies , 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 131 298 877 1040 794 3.3 3.7
Argentina 123 2092 1417 2009 2437 8.3 7.1
Australia b 1383 4862 6260 6648 7658 6.8 5.8
Bangladesh c, d 73 129 305 439 ... 1.7 3.4
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 162 760 793 1757 3099 5.2 10.1
Brazil 555 3206 2653 3569 4627 5.4 4.8
Bulgaria ... 144 368 490 612 2.2 2.6
iI Canada b
Chile
2972
303
10062
960
10182
1034
11119
1301
12740
1778
4.2
5.2
3.6
4.6
China e 2539 12413 24627 29362 35534 5.5 4.5
Colombia 218 597 1163 1987 2192 5.2 8.4
Croatia ... 210 515 600 670 2.7 3.1
Ecuador 32 110 615 779 630 2.9 5.2
Egypt 132 350 224 582 ... 2.5 2.9
European Union (25) f - 115743 152881 184848 230881 4.5 4.9
extra-EU (25) imports - 43099 66646 81516 87717 4.7 5.2
Guatemala 34 283 | 437 434 569 5.9 4.8
Hong Kong, China 6343 20742 33966 38021 43154 9.7 12.9
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
India c, d 173 701 4349 6401 9072 1.4 4.8
Indonesia 490 403 1225 1402 1394 0.9 1.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 256 720 1411 1632 1.8 3.2
Israel d 304 1669 1447 1575 1500 4.4 3.0
Japan 2620 13470 16082 18003 17572 3.5 3.0
Jordan 39 131 296 518 557 2.9 4.9
Kazakhstan - 169 334 446 548 3.4 2.2
Korea, Republic of 1368 5830 6405 6695 7538 3.6 2.4
Kuwait d ... 270 508 600 ... 3.8 3.8
Malaysia e 1246 3442 4151 4296 4556 4.2 3.5
Mauritius ... 62 97 330 336 3.0 9.3
Mexico b, e ... 9398 10663 13256 18885 5.4 7.4
Morocco e 127 727 652 684 673 6.3 2.9
New Zealand 440 808 995 1136 1072 5.8 4.1
Norway 576 1425 2014 2189 2618 4.1 4.1
Pakistan d 183 158 1087 1793 2124 1.5 7.1
Paraguay 293 107 132 227 576 4.9 9.8
Peru 51 367 530 660 857 5.0 5.6
Philippines b, d, e 686 1949 1388 1264 1247 5.3 2.4
Romania ... 561 1103 1353 1552 4.3 3.0
Russian Federation b, d - 1493 5671 7456 8701 3.3 5.3
Saudi Arabia d 578 811 1600 2733 3114 2.7 4.7
Singapore 4551 6870 | 12027 13010 16209 5.1 6.8
retained imports d 2016 2374 | 2463 2704 4061 3.1 3.7
South Africa b ... 1859 2612 3289 3784 6.9 5.5
Sri Lanka d 30 155 184 225 317 2.2 3.1
Switzerland 1597 2512 3094 3872 3619 3.0 2.6
Taipei, Chinese 1744 4597 3837 4648 4387 3.3 2.2
Thailand 994 1868 3164 3887 4344 3.0 3.4
Turkey d 403 2993 2501 2971 3166 5.5 2.3
Ukraine - 188 646 1032 1044 1.3 2.3
United Arab Emirates d ... 2626 5217 9271 6477 7.5 6.6
United States 22727 71769 89442 105887 117054 5.7 6.1
Viet Nam d ... 331 714 ... ... 2.1 2.2

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e Includes significant imports into processing zones.
f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.

86
4.3.3.  Integrated circuits and electronic components

Table II.47

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

merchandise trade by product


(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (25) United States


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 69259 100.0 -1 -2 -1 World 28128 100.0 -9 -4 5
Europe 36913 53.3 0 3 -3 Asia 22293 79.3 -10 -5 10 Ii
Asia 25675 37.1 3 -4 4 Europe 2923 10.4 -5 -2 1
North America 5894 8.5 -7 -8 10 North America 2139 7.6 -10 9 -24
Africa 443 0.6 9 -11 22 Middle East 394 1.4 -4 -24 47
Middle East 134 0.2 4 187 -66 South and Central America 266 0.9 1 -32 -23
South and Central America 91 0.1 -20 -63 -90 Africa 103 0.4 -6 -10 8
CIS 43 0.1 3 36 6 CIS 11 0.0 -4 -5 9
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 35827 51.7 0 2 -4 Taipei, Chinese 4466 15.9 -3 -1 19
United States 5537 8.0 -7 -9 11 Japan 3586 12.7 -14 -7 16
Japan 4452 6.4 -4 -2 10 Malaysia 3232 11.5 -11 -5 -7
China 4280 6.2 39 9 51 Korea, Republic of 3026 10.8 -14 -23 -2
Singapore 4014 5.8 2 1 10 European Union (25) 2809 10.0 -5 -2 3
Above 5 54110 78.1 - - - Above 5 17119 60.9 - - -
Malaysia 3351 4.8 1 -7 -29 Philippines 2464 8.8 -13 -1 2
Taipei, Chinese 3143 4.5 7 4 15 China 2246 8.0 19 31 21
Korea, Republic of 2746 4.0 -2 -2 -2 Singapore 1933 6.9 -9 1 29
Philippines 2252 3.3 8 -21 -17 Mexico 1088 3.9 -8 -15 -7
Switzerland 731 1.1 17 38 55 Canada 1051 3.7 -11 37 -36
Thailand 685 1.0 4 -12 13 Thailand 940 3.3 -7 1 39
Hong Kong, China 435 0.6 -13 -30 4 Israel 393 1.4 -4 -24 47
Morocco 238 0.3 -1 -23 8 Costa Rica 248 0.9 3 -33 -25
Mexico 182 0.3 5 11 -4 Indonesia 170 0.6 -8 8 -9
Canada 175 0.3 -21 0 -4 Hong Kong, China 138 0.5 -30 -21 -34
Norway 165 0.2 29 40 98 Switzerland 105 0.4 -6 -9 -30
India 139 0.2 29 -7 1 Morocco 101 0.4 -6 -9 9
South Africa 100 0.1 56 10 24 India 60 0.2 15 9 53
Tunisia 98 0.1 57 27 86 New Zealand 15 0.1 14 -3 8
Croatia 92 0.1 99 -25 110 Dominican Republic 10 0.0 1 17 47
Above 20 68642 99.1 - - - Above 20 28081 99.8 - - -

87
Table II.47 (continued)

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

China a Singapore
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 121722 100.0 34 28 28 World 49646 100.0 8 12 19
Asia 107506 88.3 36 29 26 Asia 39182 78.9 10 15 17
North America 7723 6.3 31 16 45 North America 5396 10.9 2 7 41
Europe 4199 3.5 11 22 20 Europe 4505 9.1 3 -5 13
iI South and Central America 1732 1.4 144 40 94 Middle East 84 0.2 18 -9 13
Africa 288 0.2 44 39 31 South and Central America 187 0.4 42 14 33
Middle East 232 0.2 112 -21 66 Africa 290 0.6 11 31 6
CIS 41 0.0 28 6 10 CIS 2 0.0 11 104 -1
Suppliers Suppliers
Taipei, Chinese 27203 22.3 40 27 30 Taipei, Chinese 10478 21.1 25 37 35
Korea, Republic of 20194 16.6 37 57 26 Malaysia 9793 19.7 5 2 11
Japan 15435 12.7 19 1 20 Korea, Republic of 5558 11.2 17 31 28
Malaysia 12378 10.2 43 28 14 United States 5031 10.1 2 6 45
Philippines 11724 9.6 61 44 40 European Union (25) 4412 8.9 10 -2 38
Above 5 86935 71.4 - - - Above 5 35272 71.0 - - -
China 11450 9.4 67 57 54 Japan 3798 7.7 -6 0 -8
United States 6776 5.6 30 13 48 Philippines 3782 7.6 9 8 23
Singapore 4686 3.9 36 26 10 China 3574 7.2 44 45 39
European Union (25) 4071 3.3 10 22 20 Thailand 1179 2.4 11 2 26
Thailand 2605 2.1 30 27 19 Hong Kong, China 558 1.1 -4 -3 -42
Costa Rica 1715 1.4 147 42 95 Indonesia 401 0.8 ... -2 -46
Hong Kong, China 1444 1.2 3 -8 -24 Morocco 287 0.6 11 30 5
Canada 485 0.4 43 65 36 Canada 216 0.4 12 48 -2
Mexico 462 0.4 38 19 12 Costa Rica 183 0.4 64 12 32
Indonesia 308 0.3 35 -23 39 Mexico 149 0.3 6 -15 27
Morocco 281 0.2 44 39 29 Switzerland 83 0.2 -35 -14 -89
Israel 231 0.2 113 -24 72 Israel 79 0.2 17 -10 16
Switzerland 115 0.1 46 25 17 India 33 0.1 31 100 57
Russian Federation 38 0.0 30 7 13 Australia 11 0.0 7 170 8
India 34 0.0 58 89 16 Viet Nam 10 0.0 28 164 255
Above 20 121635 99.9 - - - Above 20 49616 99.9 - - -

a In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 10 per cent of its integrated circuits and electronic components imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

88
Table II.48

Leading exporters and importers of integrated circuits and electronic components, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
Singapore 67.9 11.2 17.3 12 31 11 26
domestic exports a 24.0 5.0 6.1 8 27 6 24
re-exports a 43.8 6.2 11.2 15 33 15 27
European Union (25) 62.2 19.1 15.9 1 21 0 0
extra-EU (25) exports 26.4 7.3 6.7 3 24 -4 5
United States 53.0 20.4 13.5 -3 3 -2 10
Japan
Taipei, Chinese
41.7
39.2
13.8
7.1
10.6
10.0
0
10
15
33
-2
12
5
30
Ii
Hong Kong, China 37.9 4.6 9.7 18 32 16 24
domestic exports 0.8 0.8 0.2 -17 42 34 -47
re-exports 37.1 3.7 9.4 21 32 16 28
China b 29.2 1.7 7.4 33 56 26 43
Korea, Republic of 28.5 8.0 7.3 2 28 12 4
Malaysia b 25.5 6.1 6.5 5 5 1 7
Philippines a, b 17.0 5.4 4.3 0 -4 -2 13
Thailand 8.3 1.9 2.1 6 0 3 27
Canada 2.2 1.1 0.6 -8 16 26 -17
Mexico b 2.2 1.0 0.6 -6 17 -11 -3
Israel a 1.6 0.6 0.4 -2 19 9 15
Costa Rica b 1.2 0.0 0.3 70 181 203 51
Above 15 380.5 98.3 97.0 - - - -
Importers
China b, c 121.7 6.5 27.5 34 42 28 28
European Union (25) 69.3 23.2 15.6 -1 19 -2 -1
extra-EU (25) imports 33.4 12.1 7.5 -3 11 -8 3
Hong Kong, China 49.7 - - 16 37 14 19
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Singapore 49.6 9.5 11.2 8 31 12 19
retained imports a 5.8 3.6 1.3 -11 23 1 -20
Taipei, Chinese 31.8 7.3 7.2 5 20 7 12
Malaysia b 31.3 7.6 7.1 4 8 5 12
United States 28.1 15.4 6.3 -9 9 -4 5
Korea, Republic of 24.7 6.3 5.6 3 9 4 4
Japan 24.7 6.1 5.6 4 21 1 16
Philippines a, b, d 17.9 2.4 4.0 15 34 2 12
Mexico b, d 12.0 4.3 2.7 -3 20 -2 3
Thailand 10.1 2.6 2.3 3 20 5 6
Canada d 4.1 2.6 0.9 -11 33 15 -5
Brazil 4.0 0.8 0.9 7 40 20 16
Costa Rica b 1.9 0.2 0.4 18 -2 32 19
Above 15 431.2 94.9 97.3 - - - -

a Includes Secretariat estimates.


b Includes significant shipments through processing zones
c In 2006, China reported imports of integrated circuits and electronic components from China amounting to $11.4 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

89
Table II.49

Exports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World ... 307544 329805 345899 392345 4.9 3.3


Australia 20 132 217 232 236 0.2 0.2
Belarus - 33 35 36 37 0.4 0.2
Brazil 79 234 213 171 160 0.4 0.1
Bulgaria ... 7 23 44 53 0.2 0.4
Canada 1271 3459 2074 2609 2165 1.3 0.6
Chile 0 1 2 5 7 0.0 0.0
iI China b 128 5352 16184 20413 29209 2.1 3.0
Costa Rica b ... 51 269 813 1231 0.9 15.0
Croatia ... 3 58 51 74 0.1 0.7
European Union (25) - 58742 62338 62318 62237 2.4 1.4
intra-EU (25) exports - 36212 36324 37215 35827 2.2 1.2
extra-EU (25) exports - 22530 26014 25103 26410 2.8 1.8
Hong Kong, China 2562 14046 26277 30590 37881 6.9 11.7
domestic exports 550 2520 1138 1522 809 10.7 3.6
re-exports 2012 11525 25139 29068 37072 6.4 12.4
India c, d 39 86 227 197 208 0.2 0.2
Indonesia 18 739 774 1025 944 1.1 0.9
Israel d 143 1782 1269 1380 1588 5.7 3.4
Japan 13391 42454 40653 39885 41725 8.9 6.4
Korea, Republic of 5364 24688 24446 27488 28486 14.3 8.8
Macao, China ... 3 5 5 4 0.1 0.2
Malaysia b 4321 18729 23500 23759 25509 19.1 15.9
Mexico b ... 3064 2523 2233 2159 1.8 0.9
Morocco b 110 480 630 626 732 6.5 5.8
New Zealand 1 17 47 58 73 0.1 0.3
Norway 11 30 84 122 205 0.1 0.2
Philippines b, d 1053 16663 15244 15005 16969 41.9 36.1
Romania ... 45 45 49 89 0.4 0.3
Russian Federation d - 101 183 122 150 0.1 0.0
Singapore 3675 34436 | 48459 53866 67861 25.0 25.0
domestic exports d 2844 15433 | 18357 19380 24037 19.6 16.8
re-exports d 830 19003 | 30102 34486 43831 32.2 34.1
South Africa ... 25 107 130 134 0.1 0.2
Switzerland 231 677 | 767 838 829 0.8 0.6
Taipei, Chinese 2435 21767 26922 30086 39213 14.7 18.4
Thailand 901 5877 6322 6538 8312 8.5 6.4
Tunisia d 0 19 21 54 94 0.3 0.8
Turkey d 1 11 20 25 23 0.0 0.0
Ukraine - 10 17 23 29 0.1 0.1
United Arab Emirates d ... 46 169 867 931 0.1 0.7
United States 13991 62824 49274 48240 53044 8.0 5.1
Viet Nam d ... 85 151 ... ... 0.6 0.6

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.

90
Table II.50

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 27 34 87 88 89 0.4 0.4
Argentina 62 194 174 287 308 0.8 0.9
Australia b 263 867 942 863 832 1.2 0.6
Belarus - 45 122 91 79 0.5 0.4
Brazil 490 2639 2848 3427 3971 4.5 4.1
Bulgaria ... 28 91 117 144 0.4 0.6
Canada b 2333 8314 3784 4369 4144 3.5 1.2
Chile
China c 747
9 67
21156
106
74455
121
95316
142
121722
0.4
9.4
0.4
15.4
Ii
Colombia 24 31 47 89 77 0.3 0.3
Costa Rica c 10 688 1184 1560 1864 10.8 16.2
Croatia ... 17 85 68 83 0.2 0.4
European Union (25) d - 75081 71461 69689 69259 2.9 1.5
extra-EU (25) imports - 39143 35137 32474 33432 4.3 2.0
Hong Kong, China 3705 20286 36654 41913 49746 9.5 14.8
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
India e, f 251 525 895 930 1001 1.0 0.5
Indonesia 156 87 179 172 184 0.2 0.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. of f ... 120 236 261 248 0.9 0.5
Israel f 198 1508 1271 1119 1054 4.0 2.1
Japan 3319 19846 21092 21269 24703 5.2 4.3
Korea, Republic of 4560 20470 23061 23871 24713 12.8 8.0
Malaysia c 3812 24513 26679 27921 31299 29.9 23.9
Mexico b, c ... 13961 11796 11565 11954 8.0 4.7
Morocco c 109 291 339 391 376 2.5 1.6
New Zealand 20 75 46 124 114 0.5 0.4
Norway 110 216 205 227 257 0.6 0.4
Pakistan 6 9 34 66 86 0.1 0.3
Philippines b, c, f 1021 7605 15717 15956 17882 20.5 34.7
Romania ... 390 412 327 491 3.0 1.0
Russian Federation b, f - 161 846 797 674 0.4 0.4
Saudi Arabia f 8 51 65 70 89 0.2 0.1
Singapore 4489 30556 | 37275 41725 49646 22.7 20.8
retained imports f 3659 11553 | 7173 7238 5802 15.3 5.3
South Africa b ... 301 293 305 381 1.1 0.6
Switzerland 377 965 919 887 891 1.2 0.6
Taipei, Chinese 4119 23740 26706 28510 31791 17.0 15.7
Thailand 1313 8366 9081 9521 10119 13.5 7.9
Tunisia f 27 35 58 73 155 0.4 1.0
Turkey f 361 937 1934 1541 1256 1.7 0.9
Ukraine - 36 107 158 160 0.3 0.4
United Arab Emirates f ... 100 353 502 300 0.3 0.3
United States 13139 49581 27821 26721 28128 3.9 1.5
Viet Nam f ... 490 560 ... ... 3.1 1.8

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Includes significant imports into processing zones.
d See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
e Figures refer to fiscal year.
f Includes Secretariat estimates.

91
4.4.  Automotive products

Table II.51

Exports of automotive products by principal region, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 1015.9 - - 100.0 100.0 10 7 10


Europe
World 549.8 100.0 100.0 50.3 54.1 11 3 9
Europe 428.6 80.0 78.0 40.2 42.2 11 2 8
iI North America 52.8 10.3 9.6 5.2 5.2 10 6 3
Asia 25.3 4.3 4.6 2.2 2.5 12 -2 16
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14.0 0.7 2.6 0.3 1.4 39 19 70
Africa 13.1 1.9 2.4 0.9 1.3 16 13 13
Middle East 9.1 1.5 1.7 0.8 0.9 13 4 -8
South and Central America 5.5 1.3 1.0 0.6 0.5 7 21 16
Asia
World 223.5 100.0 100.0 19.8 22.0 12 12 15
North America 86.7 49.5 38.8 9.8 8.5 7 8 17
Asia 48.1 19.1 21.5 3.8 4.7 14 12 2
Europe 41.7 18.5 18.7 3.7 4.1 12 5 11
Middle East 17.6 6.0 7.9 1.2 1.7 17 19 19
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 10.2 0.4 4.6 0.1 1.0 71 68 70
Africa 9.7 2.5 4.3 0.5 1.0 23 34 32
South and Central America 9.4 4.0 4.2 0.8 0.9 13 31 34
Japan
World 139.1 100.0 100.0 15.3 13.7 8 6 13
North America 65.1 54.5 46.8 8.3 6.4 5 9 18
Asia 25.3 17.2 18.2 2.6 2.5 9 1 -1
Europe 23.2 17.4 16.7 2.6 2.3 7 -5 5
Middle East 9.6 5.1 6.9 0.8 0.9 13 14 12
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 6.1 0.2 4.4 0.0 0.6 76 56 72
South and Central America 5.0 3.5 3.6 0.5 0.5 9 17 20
Africa 4.8 2.1 3.4 0.3 0.5 17 11 26
North America
World 204.3 100.0 100.0 27.5 20.1 4 9 9
North America 166.3 88.6 81.4 24.3 16.4 3 6 6
Europe 15.7 4.9 7.7 1.3 1.5 12 10 23
Asia 7.7 3.6 3.8 1.0 0.8 5 18 16
South and Central America 6.1 1.7 3.0 0.5 0.6 14 63 38
Middle East 5.9 1.0 2.9 0.3 0.6 25 78 9
All other regions 2.6 0.3 1.3 0.1 0.3 32 71 26
South and Central America
World 19.1 100.0 100.0 1.3 1.9 16 38 16
South and Central America 10.7 56.5 56.0 0.8 1.1 16 48 28
North America 4.8 28.2 24.9 0.4 0.5 14 14 4
Europe 1.8 12.2 9.6 0.2 0.2 12 84 -3
All other regions 1.8 3.1 9.4 0.0 0.2 40 35 6

92
Table II.52

Imports of automotive products of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Canada a United States


Region Region
World 64263 100.0 6 9 9 World 220222 100.0 6 4 7
North America 51840 80.7 4 8 7 North America 99446 45.2 3 4 5
Asia 8299 12.9 12 18 18 Asia 75063 34.1 8 6 14
Europe 3820 5.9 14 11 19 Europe 43141 19.6 10 3 0
South and Central America 290 0.5 17 29 -1 South and Central America 1988 0.9 14 19 4
All other regions 14 0.0 0 16 -36 All other regions 584 0.3 34 -47 63 Ii
Suppliers Suppliers
United States 47930 74.6 5 6 7 Canada 63345 28.8 2 4 -2
Japan 5804 9.0 11 22 23 Japan 57194 26.0 5 8 16
European Union (25) 3799 5.9 18 11 19 European Union (25) 42853 19.5 10 3 0
Mexico 3593 5.6 7 23 14 Mexico 36101 16.4 6 3 21
Korea, Republic of 1462 2.3 23 1 4 Korea, Republic of 11275 5.1 15 -6 6
China 749 1.2 66 42 25 China 3550 1.6 42 37 32
Canada 253 0.4 19 23 1 Brésil 1597 0.7 19 23 3
Brazil 247 0.4 - - - Taipei, Chinese 1577 0.7 12 9 2
Taipei, Chinese 141 0.2 13 7 -5 South Africa 512 0.2 28 -52 71
India 28 0.0 31 35 11 India 384 0.2 32 37 21
Above 10 64004 99.6 - - - Above 10 218389 99.2 - - -
European Union (25) Mexico a
Region Region
World 448992 100.0 13 2 9 World 29725 100.0 9 16 13
Europe 396915 88.4 13 2 8 North America 19006 63.9 6 12 11
Asia 35632 7.9 13 3 11 Europe 3751 12.6 10 15 7
North America 12458 2.8 11 -6 35 South and Central America 2945 9.9 17 24 -2
South and Central America 1889 0.4 16 73 17 Asia 4001 13.5 27 34 47
All other regions 2060 0.5 21 1 17 All other regions 21 0.1 71 83 82
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 384317 85.6 6 2 7 United States 17044 57.3 4 9 11
Japan 21326 4.7 40 -6 7 European Union (25) 3657 12.3 10 15 8
United States 9960 2.2 -18 -9 31 Japan 2830 9.5 23 36 44
Korea, Republic of 7997 2.1 16 21 -12 Brazil 2258 7.6 17 24 -2
Turkey 7987 2.1 47 16 7 Canada 1873 6.6 11 48 14
Canada 3720 1.0 17 11 19 Argentina 544 1.9 51 15 1
Mexico 2017 0.4 20 12 70 Korea, Republic of 493 1.7 38 18 114
China 1511 0.3 46 68 49 China 328 1.1 95 87 52
Brazil 1538 0.4 16 86 9 India 151 0.5 52 3 11
Thailand 1336 0.4 11 21 6 Taipei, Chinese 111 0.4 16 7 28
Above 10 441710 98.4 - - - Above 10 29288 98.5 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

93
Table II.53

Leading exporters and importers of automotive products, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 534.0 - - 49.8 52.6 11 18 3 9
extra-EU (25) exports 149.7 - - 12.4 14.7 13 19 6 11
Japan 139.2 19.8 20.8 15.3 13.7 8 13 6 13
United States 95.3 11.9 10.2 11.6 9.4 6 10 13 11
Canada 66.3 6.9 8.9 10.5 6.5 2 12 5 -1
Korea, Republic of 43.1 0.1 0.7 2.6 4.2 19 40 17 14
iI Mexico a
China a
42.6
14.4
0.3
0.0
1.4
0.1
5.3
0.3
4.2
1.4
6
45
6
76
11
59
20
45
Brazil 13.0 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.3 19 33 38 9
Turkey b 11.9 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.2 41 64 16 27
Thailand 9.9 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 26 40 44 24
South Africa 5.0 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.5 19 19 18 14
Argentina 4.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 12 44 39 37
Taipei, Chinese 3.9 ... 0.3 0.4 0.4 10 23 2 1
United Arab Emirates b, c 3.3 ... 0.0 0.2 0.3 ... 31 -6 ...
Australia 3.3 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 7 12 14 -7
Above 15 989.4 - - 98.5 97.4 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 449.0 - - 41.8 43.8 10 17 2 9
extra-EU (25) imports 64.7 - - 5.4 6.3 12 21 4 18
United States 220.2 20.3 24.7 28.8 21.5 4 9 4 7
Canada d 62.8 8.7 7.7 7.8 6.1 5 8 9 9
Mexico a, d 28.4 1.8 0.3 3.4 2.8 6 10 16 13
Russian Federation b, d 20.0 - - 0.4 2.0 43 49 36 64
China a 18.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.8 30 13 -6 37
Australia d 15.7 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.5 11 20 14 3
Japan 13.9 0.5 2.3 1.7 1.4 6 15 3 6
Turkey b 13.1 ... 0.4 1.0 1.3 14 85 4 9
Saudi Arabia b 10.6 2.7 0.9 0.6 1.0 19 21 35 8
South Africa b, d 10.6 ... ... 0.4 1.0 28 45 30 15
Switzerland 8.7 1.8 1.9 1.1 0.8 6 12 4 2
Norway 6.0 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6 15 32 15 13
Brazil 5.9 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6 5 16 30 32
Argentina 5.5 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.5 12 105 36 27
Above 15 889.0 - - 90.7 86.8 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c 2005 instead of 2006
d Imports are valued f.o.b.

94
Table II.54

Exports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World 318959 | 577113 860287 920408 1015941 9.2 8.6


Argentina 200 2108 2185 3047 4178 8.0 9.0
Australia 726 2151 3088 3525 3267 3.4 2.6
Belarus - 740 1203 1176 1466 10.1 7.4
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 73 223 336 340 179 0.7 0.3
Brazil 2034 4682 8699 11983 13038 8.5 9.5
Canada 28442 60656 63662 66754 66338 21.9 17.1
Chile
China b
18
258
203
1581
148
6272
178
9957
184
14411
1.1
0.6
0.3
1.5
Ii
Colombia 6 226 406 645 744 1.7 3.1
Croatia ... 45 131 161 145 1.0 1.4
Ecuador 1 60 31 137 345 1.2 2.7
European Union (25) - 287190 476986 492031 534044 11.8 11.8
intra-EU (25) exports - 215547 350772 357701 384317 13.1 12.6
extra-EU (25) exports - 71643 126214 134330 149727 9.0 10.1
Hong Kong, China 354 764 1542 1549 1290 0.4 0.4
domestic exports 27 23 6 9 14 0.1 0.1
re-exports 328 741 1536 1540 1276 0.4 0.4
India c, d 198 640 1863 2732 3242 1.4 2.6
Indonesia 22 369 875 1340 1724 0.6 1.7
Israel d 31 31 43 103 114 0.1 0.2
Japan 66195 88082 115733 122903 139161 18.4 21.4
Jordan 19 62 119 110 114 3.3 2.2
Korea, Republic of 2301 15194 32320 37748 43059 8.8 13.2
Malaysia b 121 307 554 725 920 0.3 0.6
Mexico b 4383 30655 31906 35424 42632 18.4 17.0
Morocco b 28 24 57 75 115 0.3 0.9
New Zealand 49 116 183 198 124 0.9 0.6
Norway 305 459 659 698 762 0.8 0.6
Oman 119 605 802 ... ... 5.3 6.0
Philippines b 23 583 1351 1538 1506 1.5 3.2
Qatar 32 32 78 127 ... 0.3 0.5
Romania 354 195 764 1357 2143 1.9 6.6
Russian Federation d - 955 2273 2400 2755 0.9 0.9
Saudi Arabia 229 59 452 694 ... 0.1 0.4
Singapore 348 678 | 1951 2310 2396 0.5 0.9
domestic exports d 82 90 234 273 291 0.1 0.2
re-exports d 266 588 | 1717 2037 2107 1.0 1.6
South Africa 249 1708 3702 4352 4970 5.7 8.5
Switzerland 591 772 | 1323 1401 1623 1.0 1.1
Taipei, Chinese 829 2221 3743 3820 3868 1.5 1.8
Thailand 108 2417 5548 7983 9901 3.5 7.6
Tunisia d 30 63 241 280 253 1.1 2.2
Turkey d 153 1517 8099 9370 11884 5.5 13.9
Ukraine - 145 223 308 548 1.0 1.4
United Arab Emirates d 1 1253 2969 2801 3283 2.5 2.4
United States 32547 67195 76417 85993 95344 8.6 9.2

a Or nearest year.
b Includes significant exports from processing zones.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.

95
Table II.55

Imports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Algeria 658 615 1781 2244 2315 6.7 10.8
Argentina 183 2805 3203 4355 5511 11.2 16.1
Australia b 3794 8550 13336 15186 15690 12.0 11.8
Bahrain 152 214 488 475 623 4.6 7.0
Bangladesh c, d 77 191 597 704 ... 2.5 5.5
Belarus - 297 981 494 911 3.4 4.1
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 426 1451 1579 3059 4666 9.9 15.2
Brazil 532 4314 3464 4506 5928 7.3 6.2
iI Bulgaria
Canada b
... |
24640
437
46276
1448
52848
1822
57614
2237
62849
6.7
19.3
9.7
18.0
Chile 579 1507 2124 3193 3356 8.1 8.7
China e 1796 3798 14428 13545 18580 1.7 2.3
Colombia 416 590 1371 1906 2879 5.1 11.1
Croatia ... 831 1585 1615 1876 10.5 8.7
Ecuador 157 184 812 1153 1347 4.9 11.2
Egypt 416 514 408 826 ... 3.7 4.2
European Union (25) f - 246749 403501 412565 448992 9.6 9.5
extra-EU (25) imports - 32138 52729 54864 64675 3.5 3.8
Guatemala 117 481 | 820 779 874 10.0 7.3
Hong Kong, China 994 2195 2582 2429 2394 1.0 0.7
retained imports 666 1455 1045 889 1118 4.2 3.1
Iceland 107 229 376 640 596 8.8 9.9
India c, d 260 370 988 1207 1592 0.7 0.8
Indonesia 1523 1870 2453 3140 2481 4.3 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 770 2220 1596 1040 5.5 2.0
Israel d 871 2298 2207 2374 2149 6.1 4.3
Japan 7327 9957 12802 13169 13897 2.6 2.4
Jordan 108 519 590 856 1001 11.3 8.7
Kazakhstan - 435 1077 1557 2537 8.6 10.2
Korea, Republic of 929 1773 3465 4096 5210 1.1 1.7
Kuwait d 453 1141 2421 2904 2555 15.9 16.0
Malaysia e 1312 1833 2818 3395 3221 2.2 2.5
Mexico b, e 933 20003 21731 25151 28386 11.5 11.1
Morocco e 317 471 914 1176 1415 4.1 6.0
New Zealand 1012 1480 3161 3449 2787 10.6 10.5
Norway 1419 2597 4576 5247 5953 7.6 9.3
Oman 429 1109 1740 ... ... 22.0 20.2
Pakistan 390 324 647 1297 1544 3.0 5.2
Peru 176 510 483 618 937 6.9 6.1
Philippines b, d, e 537 974 892 982 1070 2.6 2.1
Qatar d 202 409 368 1365 2116 12.6 12.9
Romania 409 427 2526 3686 5362 3.3 10.5
Russian Federation b, d - 2381 8993 12199 20012 5.3 12.2
Saudi Arabia d 2839 3815 7283 9843 10630 12.6 16.0
Serbia ... ... ... ... 908 ... 6.9
Serbia and Montenegro ... 294 858 677 ... 7.9 5.8
Singapore 1418 2417 | 3299 3620 3698 1.8 1.5
retained imports d 1152 1829 | 1582 1583 1590 2.4 1.4
South Africa b, d ... 2401 7116 9267 10616 9.0 15.3
Sudan ... 155 480 891 ... 10.0 13.2
Switzerland 6048 6222 8172 8519 8664 7.5 6.1
Syrian Arab Republic 75 184 558 780 ... 4.8 8.2
Taipei, Chinese 2565 2676 3287 3660 3049 1.9 1.5
Thailand 2651 2084 3871 4322 4232 3.4 3.3
Tunisia d 306 595 934 884 947 6.9 6.4
Turkey d 1177 5831 11512 11973 13099 10.7 9.5
Ukraine - 446 2317 3112 4996 3.2 11.1
United Arab Emirates d 964 2384 6050 3569 4219 6.8 4.3
United States 79320 170195 197000 205445 220221 13.5 11.5
Viet Nam d ... 294 1088 ... ... 1.9 3.4

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e Includes significant imports into processing zones.
f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.

96
4.5.  Textiles

Table II.56

Textile exports by principal region, 2006

merchandise trade by product


(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 218.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 5 5 7


Asia
World 104.4 100.0 100.0 43.8 47.7 7 12 9
Asia 49.2 56.8 47.2 24.9 22.5 4 7 7
Europe 18.1 14.3 17.4 6.3 8.3 11 20 11 Ii
North America 17.3 13.1 16.6 5.8 7.9 11 24 9
Middle East 6.7 6.3 6.4 2.8 3.0 7 3 4
Africa 6.1 4.0 5.9 1.8 2.8 14 11 19
South and Central America 4.5 4.5 4.3 2.0 2.1 6 2 26
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.4 0.8 2.3 0.3 1.1 29 61 19
China
World 48.7 100.0 100.0 10.2 22.3 20 23 19
Asia 19.3 54.8 39.7 5.6 8.8 14 16 16
North America 9.3 15.0 19.1 1.5 4.3 25 32 16
Europe 8.6 15.6 17.8 1.6 4.0 23 31 19
Africa 3.9 5.3 8.1 0.5 1.8 29 22 30
Middle East 3.1 4.1 6.5 0.4 1.4 29 8 14
South and Central America 2.3 3.9 4.7 0.4 1.1 24 10 33
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.0 1.3 4.2 0.1 0.9 46 76 21
Other economies in Asia
World 55.7 100.0 100.0 33.6 25.5 1 5 2
Asia 29.9 57.5 53.7 19.3 13.7 0 2 2
Europe 9.5 13.9 17.0 4.7 4.3 4 12 4
North America 8.0 12.6 14.3 4.2 3.7 3 16 2
Middle East 3.5 7.0 6.3 2.4 1.6 -1 0 -4
South and Central America 2.2 4.7 4.0 1.6 1.0 -2 -4 20
Africa 2.2 3.6 3.9 1.2 1.0 2 -2 4
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 2 12 8
Europe
World 82.8 100.0 100.0 39.3 37.9 5 -3 4
Europe 62.2 77.3 75.2 30.4 28.5 4 -3 3
Asia 5.2 5.8 6.3 2.3 2.4 6 0 6
North America 4.8 6.3 5.8 2.5 2.2 3 -2 3
Africa 4.4 5.4 5.3 2.1 2.0 5 -5 5
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.2 1.8 3.9 0.7 1.5 19 19 16
Middle East 1.6 1.9 2.0 0.7 0.7 5 1 0
South and Central America 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.4 0.3 0 -3 11
North America
World 17.2 100.0 100.0 9.9 7.9 2 3 1
North America 10.5 69.0 60.8 6.8 4.8 -1 4 -1
South and Central America 3.2 10.2 18.8 1.0 1.5 12 -2 2
Asia 1.8 9.3 10.4 0.9 0.8 4 3 12
Europe 1.4 9.9 8.3 1.0 0.7 -1 6 6
Middle East 0.1 1.0 0.8 0.1 0.1 -1 4 -5
Africa 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 1 -4 14
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 15 28 -3

97
Table II.57

Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Canada a United States


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 4382 100.0 1 5 1 World 23498 100.0 7 9 4
North America 2559 58.4 -1 5 0 Asia 14418 61.4 10 15 9
Asia 1262 28.8 6 11 8 Europe 3888 16.5 2 0 -3
Europe 466 10.6 2 -3 -3 North America 3709 15.8 1 2 -3
iI Middle East 39 0.9 6 13 -3 South and Central America 638 2.7 7 1 -5
South and Central America 38 0.9 -5 -2 -33 Middle East 560 2.4 5 1 -3
Africa 15 0.3 5 6 5 Africa 246 1.0 7 15 9
CIS 3 0.1 10 36 21 CIS 38 0.2 -12 -26 -34
Suppliers Suppliers
United States 2398 54.7 -2 4 -1 China 6960 29.6 24 32 15
China 668 15.3 18 21 15 European Union (25) 3115 13.3 1 -1 -2
European Union (25) 400 9.1 2 -4 -2 India 2269 9.7 11 14 11
India 180 4.1 8 4 7 Canada 1952 8.3 0 1 -5
Mexico 139 3.2 8 4 10 Pakistan 1902 8.1 12 15 12
Above 5 3785 86.4 - - - Above 5 16198 68.9 - - -
Pakistan 104 2.4 1 15 3 Mexico 1758 7.5 2 4 0
Korea, Republic of 81 1.9 -8 -17 -5 Korea, Republic of 965 4.1 0 -1 -4
Taipei, Chinese 73 1.7 -6 12 -10 Turkey 642 2.7 6 10 -11
Turkey 49 1.1 7 11 -15 Taipei, Chinese 639 2.7 -4 -6 -5
Japan 39 0.9 -2 -10 -7 Japan 584 2.5 -1 -4 1
Bangladesh 34 0.8 30 20 26 Brazil 379 1.6 10 -4 -1
Indonesia 32 0.7 -6 -2 14 Israel 346 1.5 7 3 -3
Israel 27 0.6 18 13 -2 Thailand 312 1.3 -3 -12 -7
Canada 22 0.5 16 Indonesia 233 1.0 2 1 9
Brazil 19 0.4 -6 -1 -33 Egypt 193 0.8 9 21 7
Thailand 17 0.4 -5 -4 -13 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 119 0.5 0 5 -10
Switzerland 13 0.3 4 -3 18 Bangladesh 118 0.5 2 -3 -3
Egypt 11 0.2 10 23 3 Switzerland 96 0.4 0 -6 13
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 10 0.2 -5 8 4 Dominican Republic 88 0.4 17 15 -4
Viet Nam 9 0.2 12 34 19 Viet Nam 83 0.4 96 -11 28
Colombia 7 0.2 10 6 -23 Malaysia 67 0.3 -5 -11 10
Malaysia 4 0.1 -3 27 -14 Hong Kong, China 62 0.3 -20 -17 -21
New Zealand 4 0.1 16 19 35 Philippines 60 0.3 -13 -37 -9
Australia 4 0.1 -12 2 -13 Colombia 54 0.2 5 -3 2
Hong Kong, China 4 0.1 -27 -27 -26 Nepal 42 0.2 0 8 1
Nepal 3 0.1 13 47 13 South Africa 41 0.2 3 -5 15
South Africa 3 0.1 -7 -23 -13 Australia 38 0.2 -2 19 -11
Philippines 2 0.1 -3 -20 -22 Sri Lanka 37 0.2 -18 -13 -8
Sri Lanka 2 0.0 -7 91 68 United Arab Emirates 37 0.2 10 0 68
Dominican Republic 2 0.0 -21 -41 145 Bahrain 30 0.1 8 -18 -28
Norway 2 0.0 -10 21 -29 Saudi Arabia 26 0.1 4 16 7
Uruguay 2 0.0 -14 -21 -59 El Salvador 25 0.1 -4 -25 -5
El Salvador 2 0.0 15 13 5 New Zealand 24 0.1 2 12 2
Saudi Arabia 1 0.0 -8 2 35 Romania 23 0.1 8 8 11
Haiti 1 0.0 -4 -28 -73 Peru 23 0.1 -1 38 0
Peru 1 0.0 -7 37 -29 Cambodia 16 0.1 18 5 8
Turkmenistan 1 0.0 58 56 Guatemala 15 0.1 2 12 -16
Cambodia 1 0.0 126 81 43 Turkmenistan 14 0.1 27 -33 -26
Chile 1 0.0 -22 -21 -55 Costa Rica 11 0.0 -6 0 3
Belarus 1 0.0 36 29 110 Belarus 11 0.0 -7 27 1
Above 40 4372 99.8 - - - Above 40 23408 99.6 - - -

98
Table II.57 (continued)

Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Mexico a European Union (25)
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 5951 100.0 0 5 -2 World 70425 100.0 4 -2 5
North America 4200 70.6 -2 0 -4 Europe 52830 75.0 4 -4 3
Asia 1025 17.2 5 24 -4 Asia 13892 19.7 8 5 13
Europe 487 8.2 15 6 24 North America 1370 1.9 -3 2 12
South and Central America 220 3.7 16 27 8 Africa 994 1.4 5 -6 6 Ii
Middle East 13 0.2 20 -6 -15 Middle East 687 1.0 -1 -9 3
Africa 4 0.1 30 9 -18 CIS 453 0.6 4 -20 0
CIS 2 0.0 19 122 -46 South and Central America 188 0.3 1 -15 -8
Suppliers Suppliers
United States 4072 68.4 -2 0 -4 European Union (25) 46606 66.2 3 -4 2
China 524 8.8 29 40 -10 China 5963 8.5 21 25 21
European Union (25) 462 7.8 15 4 25 Turkey 3899 5.5 12 3 11
Canada 128 2.2 8 16 3 India 2708 3.8 6 3 9
Korea, Republic of 126 2.1 -16 6 -3 Pakistan 1728 2.5 9 -12 13
Above 5 5311 89.3 - - - Above 5 60905 86.5 - - -
Taipei, Chinese 109 1.8 -3 5 -2 United States 1227 1.7 -3 2 12
Brazil 62 1.0 28 21 28 Switzerland 1141 1.6 -1 -8 2
Japan 56 0.9 13 17 81 Korea, Republic of 745 1.1 -5 -8 -9
Indonesia 52 0.9 10 31 23 Romania 612 0.9 25 5 22
Colombia 50 0.8 10 23 26 Japan 572 0.8 -4 -7 4
India 45 0.8 17 29 23 Indonesia 521 0.7 -2 -10 12
Pakistan 37 0.6 9 -2 -27 Taipei, Chinese 438 0.6 -7 -3 -4
Guatemala 31 0.5 29 23 1 Egypt 380 0.5 4 2 11
Chile 27 0.5 5 19 -10 Thailand 355 0.5 0 1 2
Thailand 26 0.4 8 31 12 Tunisia 292 0.4 11 -6 10
Malaysia 19 0.3 15 15 32 Israel 284 0.4 4 8 6
Turkey 15 0.2 9 3 48 Bangladesh 275 0.4 15 1 27
Uruguay 13 0.2 8 4 1 Bulgaria 269 0.4 26 4 20
Israel 12 0.2 27 -7 -19 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 192 0.3 -8 -16 -7
Dominican Republic 9 0.2 103 527 -47 Malaysia 173 0.2 4 -4 9
El Salvador 9 0.2 20 -6 0 Norway 152 0.2 5 2 2
Hong Kong, China 8 0.1 -20 -44 -32 Viet Nam 150 0.2 18 -7 33
Philippines 7 0.1 40 62 -42 Morocco 133 0.2 6 -10 -2
Switzerland 7 0.1 9 77 -10 Russian Federation 126 0.2 -2 -31 -5
Bangladesh 6 0.1 4 39 13 Brazil 111 0.2 0 -21 -13
Peru 6 0.1 20 25 5 South Africa 109 0.2 6 -7 -2
Costa Rica 5 0.1 10 14 8 Belarus 98 0.1 9 -3 1
Argentina 4 0.1 8 42 7 United Arab Emirates 85 0.1 7 -13 48
Viet Nam 3 0.1 29 35 -8 Canada 83 0.1 -4 -4 23
South Africa 2 0.0 48 42 24 Croatia 79 0.1 3 -18 7
Cambodia 2 0.0 ... ... -47 Syrian Arab Republic 71 0.1 -2 -38 11
Ukraine 2 0.0 72 130 -42 Hong Kong, China 69 0.1 -1 -20 2
Honduras 2 0.0 31 -44 370 Philippines 64 0.1 13 -10 78
Australia 1 0.0 12 -61 47 Ukraine 64 0.1 7 -6 -12
Egypt 1 0.0 25 -8 5 Uzbekistan 63 0.1 1 -42 2
Sri Lanka 1 0.0 -16 -45 9 Mexico 60 0.1 5 2 -12
Singapore 1 0.0 -19 28 5 Nepal 54 0.1 -10 -7 -3
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 1 0.0 5 11 155 Moldova 39 0.1 11 6 1
Bulgaria 1 0.0 59 -22 -21 Sri Lanka 38 0.1 -1 31 31
Nepal 1 0.0 15 151 -36 Peru 35 0.0 5 0 15
Above 40 5944 99.9 - - - Above 40 70065 99.5 - - -

99
Table II.57 (continued)

Textile imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

China b Japan
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 16358 100.0 4 1 6 World 6179 100.0 4 4 6
Asia 14781 90.4 3 0 4 Asia 5050 81.7 5 6 8
Europe 1011 6.2 19 15 20 Europe 757 12.3 0 -4 -2
North America 513 3.1 22 17 30 North America 300 4.9 -3 -1 7
iI Middle East 18 0.1 25 12 16 Middle East 30 0.5 -5 -8 17
South and Central America 15 0.1 38 45 11 South and Central America 22 0.4 -2 -4 -3
CIS 12 0.1 -5 0 21 Africa 12 0.2 2 -7 9
Africa 8 0.0 9 30 19 CIS 8 0.1 -8 -10 3
Suppliers Suppliers
Taipei, Chinese 3221 19.7 1 -3 1 China 3354 54.3 9 9 10
China 3212 19.6 17 12 18 European Union (25) 704 11.4 0 -4 -2
Japan 3165 19.3 2 -4 -1 Indonesia 352 5.7 1 -3 1
Korea, Republic of 2449 15.0 -1 0 -3 Korea, Republic of 327 5.3 -3 3 0
Hong Kong, China 1167 7.1 -2 -9 0 Taipei, Chinese 326 5.3 3 0 8
Above 5 13214 80.8 - - - Above 5 5062 81.9 - - -
European Union (25) 934 5.7 18 16 18 United States 285 4.6 -3 -1 8
Pakistan 702 4.3 9 28 22 India 165 2.7 -1 -7 5
United States 475 2.9 21 20 28 Thailand 159 2.6 5 1 -10
Thailand 228 1.4 16 3 1 Viet Nam 140 2.3 7 12 9
Indonesia 193 1.2 -1 -4 0 Pakistan 71 1.1 -12 -13 -6
India 165 1.0 -3 -24 16 Malaysia 64 1.0 -6 -1 14
Malaysia 96 0.6 3 20 -13 Philippines 33 0.5 3 6 11
Viet Nam 47 0.3 20 14 53 Turkey 26 0.4 4 13 19
Turkey 41 0.3 37 5 62 Switzerland 25 0.4 -1 -11 -4
Singapore 39 0.2 -1 -15 -10 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 24 0.4 -6 -9 6
Philippines 38 0.2 43 75 147 Hong Kong, China 17 0.3 6 -27 14
Australia 30 0.2 10 4 5 Brazil 16 0.3 -2 -16 31
Switzerland 29 0.2 31 -16 60 Bangladesh 13 0.2 0 12 2
Canada 23 0.1 32 -19 50 Macao, China 11 0.2 19 25 10
Mexico 15 0.1 59 0 87 Canada 10 0.2 5 6 2
Macao, China 8 0.1 -26 -72 -34 Australia 9 0.1 2 -7 33
Brazil 7 0.0 83 113 -5 Uzbekistan 6 0.1 -12 -37 75
Cambodia 7 0.0 290 -14 -11 Mexico 5 0.1 -9 0 -22
Israel 7 0.0 40 4 26 Egypt 5 0.1 -6 -7 4
Russian Federation 6 0.0 -4 -16 51 Peru 4 0.1 -6 -19 -21
Saudi Arabia 5 0.0 41 25 71 South Africa 4 0.1 17 -25 15
United Arab Emirates 4 0.0 14 48 76 New Zealand 3 0.1 13 -16 48
Belarus 4 0.0 10 -19 8 Israel 3 0.1 5 11 93
New Zealand 4 0.0 12 -14 -7 Singapore 3 0.0 -2 5 19
Bangladesh 4 0.0 32 29 28 Sri Lanka 2 0.0 -2 37 -7
South Africa 3 0.0 25 48 -1 Norway 2 0.0 30 208 -1
Uruguay 3 0.0 55 113 32 United Arab Emirates 2 0.0 46 -39 512
Norway 3 0.0 12 73 11 Russian Federation 1 0.0 5 32 -42
Egypt 3 0.0 1 79 24 Tanzania 1 0.0 -3 -3 -3
Peru 2 0.0 15 2 10 Tunisia 1 0.0 66 70 5
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of 2 0.0 37 294 8 Dominican Republic 1 0.0 24 28 99
Bulgaria 2 0.0 30 33 331 Bulgaria 1 0.0 7 -5 -9
Mauritius 2 0.0 55 48 513 Myanmar 1 0.0 -3 21 -8
Romania 1 0.0 27 70 153 Nepal 1 0.0 -5 23 -3
Ukraine 1 0.0 22 262 -10 Belarus 1 0.0 24 6 27
Above 40 16346 99.9 - - - Above 40 6175 99.9 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.


b In 2006, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 20 per cent of its textile imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

100
Table II.58

Leading exporters and importers of textiles, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
European Union (25) 71.21 - - 35.6 32.6 4 11 -4 3
extra-EU (25) exports 24.60 - - 10.9 11.3 6 15 -3 4
China a 48.68 4.6 6.9 10.2 22.3 20 24 23 19
Hong Kong, China 13.91 3.2 7.9 8.5 6.4 1 9 -3 1
domestic exports 0.53 1.7 2.1 0.7 0.2 -12 -10 -12 -12
re-exports 13.38 1.6 5.8 7.7 6.1 1 10 -3 1
United States
Korea, Republic of
12.67
10.11
6.8
4.0
4.8
5.8
6.9
8.0
5.8
4.6
2
-4
10
1
3
-4
2
-3
Ii
Taipei, Chinese 9.76 3.2 5.9 7.5 4.5 -3 8 -3 1
India b, c 9.33 2.4 2.1 3.8 4.3 8 2 21 10
Turkey c 7.59 0.6 1.4 2.3 3.5 13 22 10 7
Pakistan 7.47 1.6 2.6 2.9 3.4 9 5 16 5
Japan 6.93 9.3 5.6 4.4 3.2 0 11 -3 0
Indonesia 3.61 0.1 1.2 2.2 1.6 0 1 13 8
Thailand 2.88 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.3 7 19 8 4
Canada 2.37 0.6 0.7 1.4 1.1 1 7 1 -4
Mexico a 2.19 0.2 0.7 1.6 1.0 -3 -1 3 3
United Arab Emirates c, d 1.89 0.1 0.0 0.8 0.9 ... 45 -15 ...
Above 15 197.22 - - 89.6 90.2 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 70.43 - - 32.9 30.7 4 11 -2 5
extra-EU (25) imports 23.82 - - 9.7 10.4 7 14 2 11
United States 23.50 4.5 6.2 9.5 10.2 7 13 9 4
China a, e 16.36 1.9 4.9 7.6 7.1 4 8 1 6
Hong Kong, China 13.97 5.2 9.4 8.2 6.1 0 9 -2 1
retained imports 0.59 3.7 3.8 0.9 0.3 -14 -17 14 5
Japan 6.18 3.0 3.8 2.9 2.7 4 11 4 6
Mexico a, f 5.95 0.2 0.9 3.5 2.6 0 5 5 -2
Turkey c 4.69 0.1 0.5 1.3 2.0 14 21 6 6
Canada f 4.38 2.3 2.2 2.5 1.9 1 7 5 1
Korea, Republic of 3.91 0.7 1.8 2.0 1.7 3 8 5 10
Russian Federation c, f 3.61 - - 0.8 1.6 18 18 25 26
Romania 3.33 ... 0.1 1.0 1.4 12 16 -1 1
United Arab Emirates c, d 3.30 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.4 ... 36 1 ...
Viet Nam c, d 3.13 ... ... 0.8 1.4 ... 16 10 ...
Thailand 2.06 0.3 0.8 1.0 0.9 4 13 8 4
India b, c 1.99 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.9 23 26 39 3
Above 15 153.40 - - 68.2 66.8 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Figures refer to fiscal year.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.
d 2005 instead of 2006
e In 2006, China reported imports of textiles from China amounting to $3.2 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.
f Imports are valued f.o.b.

101
Table II.59

Textile exports of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World 104354 | 158579 195541 205135 218594 2.5 1.9


Argentina 158 258 198 212 219 1.0 0.5
Australia 153 347 327 329 312 0.5 0.3
Bangladesh b, c 343 393 597 696 ... 7.2 6.9
Belarus - 410 514 474 504 5.6 2.6
Brazil 769 897 1248 1330 1365 1.6 1.0
Bulgaria ... 119 310 317 359 2.5 2.4
iI Canada
Chile
687
33
2204
114
2431
109
2464
120
2369
112
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.2
China d 7219 16135 33428 41050 48683 6.5 5.0
Colombia 133 268 314 355 383 2.1 1.6
Croatia ... 87 118 107 113 2.0 1.1
Egypt 554 412 274 272 ... 8.8 2.6
European Union (25) - 56456 72232 69465 71208 2.3 1.6
intra-EU (25) exports - 39184 47898 45814 46606 2.4 1.5
extra-EU (25) exports - 17272 24334 23651 24602 2.2 1.7
Guatemala 34 53 | 157 175 183 2.0 3.0
Hong Kong, China 8213 13441 14296 13830 13910 6.6 4.3
domestic exports 2171 1176 684 604 530 5.0 2.3
re-exports 6042 12265 13612 13226 13380 6.8 4.5
India b, c 2180 5998 7009 8462 9330 13.3 7.6
Indonesia 1241 3505 2961 3353 3605 5.4 3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. of c 510 766 771 781 718 2.7 1.0
Israel c 270 490 683 478 461 1.6 1.0
Japan 5871 7023 7138 6905 6934 1.5 1.1
Korea, Republic of 6076 12710 10839 10391 10110 7.4 3.1
Macao, China 136 272 313 275 242 10.7 9.5
Malaysia d 343 1270 1227 1356 1437 1.3 0.9
Mauritius c, d 35 81 83 75 78 5.2 3.6
Mexico d 713 2571 2071 2138 2192 1.5 0.9
Morocco d 203 123 146 189 242 1.7 1.9
Nepal 82 182 ... ... ... 22.7 16.2
New Zealand 135 142 252 257 262 1.1 1.2
Norway 163 173 206 217 233 0.3 0.2
Pakistan 2663 4532 6125 7087 7469 50.2 44.1
Peru 221 128 149 158 199 1.8 0.8
Philippines d 132 297 257 269 238 0.7 0.5
Romania 125 196 562 673 839 1.9 2.6
Russian Federation c - 436 622 482 497 0.4 0.2
Saudi Arabia 31 114 193 296 ... 0.1 0.2
Singapore 903 907 | 977 916 911 0.7 0.3
domestic exports c 141 293 | 260 234 217 0.4 0.2
re-exports c 762 614 | 717 682 695 1.0 0.5
South Africa 167 240 301 312 306 0.8 0.5
Sri Lanka c 25 244 149 136 154 4.5 2.2
Switzerland 2557 1503 | 1657 1546 1593 1.9 1.1
Syrian Arab Republic 555 158 189 228 ... 3.4 2.6
Taipei, Chinese 6128 11891 10038 9706 9763 8.0 4.6
Thailand 928 1958 2563 2764 2877 2.8 2.2
Tunisia c 112 154 325 326 339 2.6 2.9
Turkey c 1440 3672 6428 7076 7593 13.2 8.9
Ukraine - 127 227 239 244 0.9 0.6
United Arab Emirates c 6 1289 1697 1449 1893 2.6 1.4
United States 5039 10952 11989 12379 12665 1.4 1.2
Viet Nam c ... 299 534 ... ... 2.1 2.0

a Or nearest year.
b Figures refer to fiscal year.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.
d Includes significant exports from processing zones.

102
Table II.60

Textile imports of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Argentina 53 653 585 725 820 2.6 2.4
Australia b 1445 1632 1827 1766 1837 2.3 1.4
Bangladesh c, d 452 1350 1485 1687 ... 17.7 13.1
Belarus - 256 403 351 427 3.0 1.9
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 112 286 365 504 644 2.0 2.1
Brazil 252 1110 1084 1228 1688 1.9 1.8
Bulgaria ... 506 1105 1097 1189 7.8 5.1
Cambodia b, d ... 432 867 1003 1202 22.3 24.5
Canada b 2325 4126 4115 4320 4382 1.7 1.3 Ii
Chile 203 431 421 462 522 2.3 1.4
China e 5292 12832 15304 15503 16358 5.7 2.1
Colombia 75 558 675 726 864 4.8 3.3
Costa Rica e 83 184 227 243 303 2.9 2.6
Croatia ... 249 453 448 484 3.2 2.3
Dominican Republic b, d, e ... 1173 989 914 485 12.4 4.3
Egypt d 211 526 902 1086 ... 3.8 5.5
El Salvador d, e 111 364 448 413 405 7.4 5.3
European Union (25) f - 55264 68919 67221 70425 2.2 1.5
extra-EU (25) imports - 16224 21021 21407 23819 1.8 1.4
FYR Macedonia ... 27 106 317 339 1.3 9.0
Guatemala 38 59 | 1361 1169 1144 1.2 9.6
Honduras d, g 26 510 1225 1133 1026 15.4 19.2
Hong Kong, China 10182 13716 14110 13793 13975 6.4 4.2
retained imports 4140 1451 498 567 595 4.2 1.7
India c, d 240 575 1394 1941 1995 1.1 1.1
Indonesia 785 1251 712 756 730 2.9 0.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 298 400 430 422 2.1 0.8
Israel d 474 759 761 755 760 2.0 1.5
Japan 4133 4935 5599 5812 6179 1.3 1.1
Jordan 107 172 646 681 725 3.7 6.3
Korea, Republic of 1947 3359 3385 3541 3909 2.1 1.3
Kuwait d 168 212 277 324 ... 3.0 2.1
Macao, China 619 902 799 706 618 40.0 13.5
Madagascar b, d 20 197 290 283 309 19.8 20.8
Malaysia e 951 1114 967 987 1063 1.4 0.8
Mauritius d 336 411 335 251 266 19.6 7.3
Mexico b, e 992 5822 5752 6043 5951 3.3 2.3
Morocco e 361 1364 1799 1785 1915 11.8 8.1
New Zealand 396 369 473 516 506 2.7 1.9
Norway 554 509 657 710 772 1.5 1.2
Pakistan 126 130 310 471 551 1.2 1.8
Peru 17 165 264 324 358 2.2 2.3
Philippines b, d, e 910 1250 975 1055 1132 3.4 2.2
Romania 67 1715 3329 3310 3329 13.1 6.5
Russian Federation b, d - 1316 2290 2871 3613 2.9 2.2
Saudi Arabia d 1312 986 1060 1207 1167 3.3 1.8
Singapore 1778 1275 | 1065 1037 1101 0.9 0.5
retained imports d 1016 661 | 348 356 407 0.9 0.4
South Africa b 561 570 820 872 975 2.1 1.4
Sri Lanka d 412 1483 1534 1550 1540 20.7 15.0
Switzerland 1849 1326 1670 1682 1800 1.6 1.3
Syrian Arab Republic 168 399 337 379 ... 10.5 4.0
Taipei, Chinese 1013 1460 1251 1117 1121 1.0 0.6
Thailand 898 1630 1847 1986 2062 2.6 1.6
Tunisia d 790 1207 1665 1614 1629 14.1 11.0
Turkey d 567 2124 4170 4441 4687 3.9 3.4
Ukraine - 450 743 900 916 3.2 2.0
United Arab Emirates d 983 2055 3220 3253 3295 5.9 3.4
United States 6730 15985 20662 22538 23498 1.3 1.2
Viet Nam d ... 1379 2834 3125 ... 8.8 8.5

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e Includes significant imports into processing zones.
f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.
g Shares include significant imports into processing zones.

103
4.6.  Clothing

Table II.61

Clothing exports by principal region, 2006


merchandise trade by product

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

World 311.4 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 8 7 12


Asia
World 162.8 100.0 100.0 46.4 52.3 10 14 20
North America 56.3 39.6 34.6 18.4 18.1 8 20 15
iI Europe 51.9 24.0 31.9 11.1 16.7 15 23 39
Asia 36.4 29.1 22.3 13.5 11.7 5 -4 11
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 7.2 1.9 4.4 0.9 2.3 27 25 -1
Middle East 4.4 2.7 2.7 1.2 1.4 10 14 4
South and Central America 3.3 1.7 2.0 0.8 1.1 13 25 28
Africa 3.3 1.1 2.0 0.5 1.1 21 18 40
China
World 95.3 100.0 100.0 18.2 30.6 18 20 29
Asia 28.5 51.8 29.9 9.4 9.2 7 -7 15
Europe 28.4 16.7 29.8 3.0 9.1 29 44 62
North America 23.1 20.7 24.2 3.8 7.4 21 52 26
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 6.9 3.4 7.2 0.6 2.2 33 28 -2
Middle East 2.9 2.6 3.0 0.5 0.9 20 17 10
South and Central America 2.8 3.1 3.0 0.6 0.9 17 27 31
Africa 2.7 1.6 2.9 0.3 0.9 30 19 50
Other economies in Asia
World 67.5 100.0 100.0 28.2 21.7 3 7 10
North America 33.2 51.9 49.2 14.6 10.7 2 6 9
Europe 23.5 28.6 34.8 8.1 7.6 7 8 19
Asia 7.9 14.3 11.6 4.0 2.5 0 7 -2
Middle East 1.5 2.7 2.2 0.8 0.5 0 10 -4
Africa 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.2 4 16 7
South and Central America 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.2 0.2 2 17 13
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.1 -6 -21 26
Europe
World 107.1 100.0 100.0 32.6 34.4 9 3 7
Europe 88.9 82.6 83.0 26.9 28.6 9 2 6
North America 5.2 7.1 4.8 2.3 1.7 2 -5 5
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.4 1.8 4.1 0.6 1.4 24 24 30
Asia 4.3 4.4 4.0 1.4 1.4 7 5 8
Middle East 1.9 1.7 1.7 0.5 0.6 9 2 16
Africa 1.3 1.7 1.3 0.6 0.4 3 -6 2
South and Central America 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 -2 7 11
North America
World 13.0 100.0 100.0 9.8 4.2 -6 -3 -8
North America 10.0 69.6 77.1 6.8 3.2 -5 -2 -9
South and Central America 1.4 23.8 10.9 2.3 0.5 -18 -16 -16
Europe 0.7 2.7 5.6 0.3 0.2 6 3 16
Asia 0.6 3.4 4.8 0.3 0.2 -1 14 -10
Middle East 0.2 0.3 1.3 0.0 0.1 18 5 114
Africa 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 4 21 18
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 11 33 25

104
Table II.62

Clothing imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Canada a United States
Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 6818 100.0 11 14 14 World 82972 100.0 4 6 4
Asia 5252 77.0 13 20 18 Asia 57169 68.9 7 15 9
North America 760 11.1 2 -1 3 South and Central America 10891 13.1 0 -2 -6
Europe 502 7.4 9 2 7 North America 6916 8.3 -7 -10 -12
South and Central America 196 2.9 12 8 4 Europe 3700 4.5 -3 -10 -8 Ii
Africa 66 1.0 14 8 12 Africa 2193 2.6 8 -13 3
Middle East 24 0.4 0 8 -7 Middle East 1903 2.3 4 -6 -1
CIS 11 0.2 -11 -51 -28 CIS 197 0.2 -13 -52 -32
Suppliers Suppliers
China 3432 50.3 25 51 23 China 24403 29.4 18 47 15
United States 454 6.7 -3 -6 1 Mexico 5574 6.7 -7 -9 -13
Bangladesh 434 6.4 27 5 19 Indonesia 4003 4.8 9 20 27
India 355 5.2 6 8 5 India 3560 4.3 9 33 5
European Union (25) 334 4.9 6 -3 6 Viet Nam 3430 4.1 100 6 18
Above 5 5009 73.5 - - - Above 5 40971 49.4 - - -
Mexico 300 4.4 14 4 6 Bangladesh 3121 3.8 5 20 23
Indonesia 135 2.0 7 16 19 Hong Kong, China 2968 3.6 -8 -9 -21
Viet Nam 133 1.9 33 74 34 Honduras 2579 3.1 1 -2 -6
Cambodia 129 1.9 51 1 21 European Union (25) 2571 3.1 -2 -6 -4
Thailand 114 1.7 2 2 2 Thailand 2395 2.9 1 0 2
Turkey 101 1.5 18 13 9 Cambodia 2271 2.7 18 20 25
Pakistan 81 1.2 5 -1 17 Philippines 2127 2.6 1 2 9
Philippines 80 1.2 4 -5 6 Sri Lanka 1836 2.2 2 6 2
Malaysia 74 1.1 -1 -1 8 Guatemala 1750 2.1 2 -7 -7
Hong Kong, China 67 1.0 -24 -60 -27 Pakistan 1628 2.0 7 9 13
Korea, Republic of 60 0.9 -19 -51 -2 Dominican Republic 1586 1.9 -7 -10 -16
Honduras 58 0.9 16 -1 12 El Salvador 1444 1.7 -2 -6 -13
Sri Lanka 56 0.8 3 -6 8 Malaysia 1397 1.7 0 2 8
Taipei, Chinese 44 0.6 -14 -41 -19 Canada 1342 1.6 -6 -13 -10
Romania 29 0.4 31 37 24 Jordan 1317 1.6 75 13 16
El Salvador 27 0.4 16 4 27 Macao, China 1220 1.5 0 -17 -4
Macao, China 27 0.4 -6 -39 -2 Taipei, Chinese 1129 1.4 -11 -26 -11
Peru 24 0.3 25 12 27 Korea, Republic of 1053 1.3 -14 -36 -20
Bulgaria 21 0.3 28 -2 -11 Nicaragua 904 1.1 17 20 23
Dominican Republic 20 0.3 -2 15 -9 Peru 879 1.1 14 18 5
Guatemala 17 0.2 16 -6 -30 Turkey 805 1.0 -6 -19 -22
Tunisia 14 0.2 39 33 32 Egypt 665 0.8 8 4 41
Morocco 14 0.2 45 30 57 Colombia 525 0.6 3 -3 -12
Haiti 11 0.2 24 64 5 Costa Rica 476 0.6 -9 -7 -3
Egypt 11 0.2 3 10 -3 Haiti 459 0.6 10 24 10
Colombia 11 0.2 17 89 -20 Lesotho 407 0.5 19 -15 0
Jordan 9 0.1 76 48 74 Kenya 279 0.3 35 -3 -3
Lesotho 9 0.1 13 8 -20 Madagascar 254 0.3 14 -15 -14
Madagascar 9 0.1 46 28 24 Israel 252 0.3 -11 -14 -17
Nicaragua 9 0.1 12 96 87 United Arab Emirates 197 0.2 -10 -6 -18
Above 35 6703 98.3 - - - Above 35 80806 97.4 - - -

105
Table II.62 (continued)

Clothing imports of selected economies by region and supplier, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

European Union (25) Japan


Annual percentage Annual percentage
Value Share change Value Share change

2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2000-06 2005 2006

Region Region
World 141151 100.0 9 5 8 World 23870 100.0 3 4 6
Europe 80238 56.8 8 2 4 Asia 21703 90.9 4 5 7
Asia 50889 36.1 12 16 17 Europe 1747 7.3 2 -4 0
Africa 7547 5.3 4 -6 5 North America 304 1.3 -9 15 -10
iI CIS 947 0.7 5 -2 -1 Africa 62 0.3 23 1 42
North America 712 0.5 4 8 10 South and Central America 40 0.2 1 -2 13
Middle East 424 0.3 -6 -31 0 Middle East 8 0.0 1 33 -9
South and Central America 389 0.3 4 -14 9 CIS 6 0.0 13 20 13
Suppliers Suppliers
European Union (25) 61520 43.6 8 2 4 China 19562 82.0 5 4 7
China 25780 18.3 20 43 12 European Union (25) 1583 6.6 1 -6 -1
Turkey 10405 7.4 12 4 2 Viet Nam 643 2.7 1 8 5
Bangladesh 5775 4.1 16 -5 31 Korea, Republic of 348 1.5 -15 38 -20
India 5153 3.7 14 27 16 Thailand 294 1.2 0 2 5
Above 5 108634 77.0 - - - Above 5 22430 94.0 - - -
Romania 4471 3.2 10 -6 -2 United States 261 1.1 -9 14 -12
Hong Kong, China 3194 2.3 1 -13 46 India 174 0.7 4 29 23
Tunisia 3108 2.2 4 -5 1 Malaysia 161 0.7 1 1 6
Morocco 2993 2.1 5 -7 5 Indonesia 147 0.6 -7 -2 17
Indonesia 1826 1.3 1 -10 18 Myanmar 72 0.3 58 18 36
Bulgaria 1533 1.1 13 2 12 Philippines 70 0.3 -8 1 -29
Pakistan 1395 1.0 9 -12 13 Hong Kong, China 66 0.3 -7 -10 14
Viet Nam 1325 0.9 10 8 50 Taipei, Chinese 59 0.2 -10 -4 -9
Thailand 1322 0.9 5 -9 12 Turkey 55 0.2 28 21 22
Sri Lanka 1274 0.9 8 -2 21 Romania 55 0.2 38 27 3
Malaysia 837 0.6 3 1 19 Tunisia 30 0.1 26 13 32
Switzerland 722 0.5 9 -6 3 Mexico 27 0.1 0 41 14
Cambodia 692 0.5 18 -8 17 Bangladesh 24 0.1 5 2 6
Mauritius 609 0.4 -1 -14 10 Sri Lanka 24 0.1 6 -16 16
Ukraine 526 0.4 7 0 -6 Switzerland 21 0.1 4 7 0
United States 525 0.4 2 17 9 Bulgaria 21 0.1 47 24 42
Korea, Republic of 497 0.4 -9 -45 13 Morocco 20 0.1 34 2 43
Croatia 495 0.4 2 -10 -5 Canada 16 0.1 -9 9 -11
Egypt 475 0.3 10 -3 16 Macao, China 14 0.1 1 -1 -10
Macao, China 474 0.3 -4 -25 19 Cambodia 14 0.1 41 -13 63
FYR Macedonia 440 0.3 11 7 24 Peru 11 0.0 12 23 41
Taipei, Chinese 325 0.2 -8 -34 5 Croatia 8 0.0 32 17 19
Philippines 314 0.2 -1 -34 12 Pakistan 8 0.0 -10 -1 -9
Madagascar 289 0.2 3 14 28 Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of 8 0.0 -30 -48 -44
Serbia 279 0.2 ... ... ... Madagascar 6 0.0 31 -19 112
Myanmar 263 0.2 -1 -48 9 Honduras 6 0.0 -3 -14 -27
United Arab Emirates 174 0.1 -5 -44 11 El Salvador 5 0.0 -3 -5 27
Moldova 159 0.1 15 6 41 Brazil 5 0.0 3 18 36
Albania 158 0.1 10 -1 16 Israel 4 0.0 10 141 -2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 156 0.1 9 -1 9 Nepal 4 0.0 -26 13 20
Lao People's Dem. Rep. 154 0.1 6 1 4 Australia 3 0.0 1 6 -2
Japan 130 0.1 -2 -3 2 Ukraine 3 0.0 9 93 29
Belarus 124 0.1 0 -6 -8 Colombia 3 0.0 2 33 7
Israel 116 0.1 -11 -24 -5 Mauritius 3 0.0 -6 -40 25
Peru 103 0.1 9 21 7 New Zealand 2 0.0 6 -36 -5
Above 40 140109 99.1 - - - Above 40 23839 99.9 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

106
Table II.63

Leading exporters and importers of clothing, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Value Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change

2006 1980 1990 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

Exporters
China a 95.4 4.0 8.9 18.2 30.6 18 19 20 29
European Union (25) 83.4 - - 26.9 26.8 8 12 3 5
extra-EU (25) exports 21.9 - - 6.8 7.0 8 11 5 9
Hong Kong, China 28.4 12.3 14.2 12.2 9.1 3 8 9 4
domestic exports 6.7 11.5 8.6 5.0 2.2 -6 -1 -11 -7
re-exports 21.7 0.8 5.7 7.2 7.0 7 13 18 8
Turkey b 11.9 0.3 3.1 3.3 3.8 10 12 6 0 Ii
India b, c 10.2 1.7 2.3 3.1 3.3 9 0 39 11
Bangladesh b, c, d 7.8 0.0 0.6 2.1 2.8 ... 24 23 ...
Mexico a 6.3 0.0 0.5 4.4 2.0 -5 2 -2 -13
Indonesia 5.7 0.2 1.5 2.4 1.8 3 6 16 15
United States 4.9 3.1 2.4 4.4 1.6 -9 -9 -1 -2
Viet Nam d 4.8 ... ... 0.9 1.7 ... 28 9 ...
Romania 4.4 ... 0.3 1.2 1.4 11 16 -2 -4
Thailand 4.3 0.7 2.6 1.9 1.4 2 10 3 4
Pakistan 3.9 0.3 0.9 1.1 1.3 11 12 19 8
Morocco a 3.2 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.0 5 6 -6 14
Tunisia b 3.2 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 6 11 -5 2
Above 15 256.1 - - 77.1 82.2 - - - -
Importers
European Union (25) 141.2 - - 39.7 43.6 9 16 5 8
extra-EU (25) imports 79.6 - - 20.8 24.6 11 16 8 12
United States 83.0 16.4 24.0 32.2 25.6 4 6 6 4
Japan 23.9 3.6 7.8 9.5 7.4 3 11 4 6
Hong Kong, China 18.9 - - - - 3 7 8 2
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Russian Federation b, e 8.1 - - 1.3 2.5 20 34 23 2
Canada e 6.8 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.1 11 16 14 14
Switzerland 4.7 3.4 3.1 1.5 1.4 7 9 8 -1
Korea, Republic of 3.7 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.2 19 8 6 29
Australia e 3.3 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.0 10 22 17 5
Mexico a, e 2.5 0.3 0.5 1.7 0.8 -6 -15 -2 0
Singapore 2.5 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.8 5 7 -5 17
retained imports b 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 5 14 7 12
Turkey b 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 44 54 21 203
Norway 2.0 1.7 1.1 0.6 0.6 7 8 11 7
United Arab Emirates b, d 2.0 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 ... 40 7 ...
China a 1.7 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.5 6 8 6 6
Above 15 287.6 - - 91.9 88.8 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones


b Includes Secretariat estimates.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d 2005 instead of 2006
e Imports are valued f.o.b.

107
Table II.64

Clothing exports of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)


merchandise trade by product

Share in economy's total


Value merchandise exports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a

World 108129 | 198094 260569 277971 311410 3.2 2.6


Albania ... 97 196 198 225 37.6 28.4
Bangladesh b, c 643 4162 6296 7751 ... 75.8 76.6
Belarus - 262 401 330 350 3.6 1.8
Brazil 247 282 362 365 305 0.5 0.2
Bulgaria ... 701 1753 1725 1826 14.5 12.1
Cambodia c ... 970 1981 2193 2675 69.8 70.4
Canada 328 2077 1995 1861 1797 0.8 0.5
iI China d 9669 36071 61856 74163 95388 14.5 9.8
Colombia 460 520 853 904 962 4.0 3.9
Costa Rica d 54 660 476 473 455 11.2 5.5
Croatia ... 469 631 570 538 10.6 5.2
Dominican Republic d 782 | 2555 2121 1905 1642 44.5 25.5
Egypt c 144 710 907 918 ... 15.1 8.6
El Salvador c, d 184 1673 1815 1672 1498 56.9 42.6
European Union (25) - 53273 76883 79126 83415 2.2 1.8
intra-EU (25) exports - 39729 57753 59108 61520 2.4 2.0
extra-EU (25) exports - 13544 19130 20018 21895 1.7 1.5
FYR Macedonia ... 318 478 498 509 24.0 21.2
Guatemala 24 49 | 1651 1506 1557 1.8 25.8
Haiti 63 245 303 393 432 76.9 85.2
Honduras c 64 | 2324 2917 2879 2770 63.0 57.5
Hong Kong, China 15406 24214 25097 27292 28391 11.9 8.8
domestic exports 9266 9935 8138 7231 6724 42.2 29.5
re-exports 6140 14279 16960 20061 21666 8.0 7.2
India b, c 2530 6178 6632 9212 10192 13.7 8.3
Indonesia 1646 4734 4285 4959 5699 7.2 5.5
Israel c 482 729 525 483 428 2.3 0.9
Japan 568 534 611 495 485 0.1 0.1
Jordan 11 115 1017 1061 1257 6.1 24.3
Korea, Republic of 7879 5027 3391 2581 2183 2.9 0.7
Lesotho c ... 161 497 447 445 73.1 64.1
Macao, China 1111 1849 1952 1656 1610 72.8 63.0
Madagascar c 11 309 522 502 537 37.4 56.4
Malaysia d 1315 2257 2326 2479 2842 2.3 1.8
Mauritius c, d 607 948 939 745 772 60.9 35.5
Mexico d 587 8631 7490 7306 6325 5.2 2.5
Moldova - 76 157 171 200 16.0 19.1
Morocco d 722 2401 3023 2847 3238 32.3 25.5
Myanmar 12 800 568 331 386 48.6 9.1
Pakistan 1014 2144 3026 3604 3907 23.8 23.1
Peru 120 504 883 1057 1204 7.2 5.1
Philippines d 1733 2536 2157 2287 2604 6.4 5.5
Romania 363 2328 4717 4627 4423 22.5 13.7
Serbia ... ... ... ... 319 ... 5.0
Serbia and Montenegro ... 130 150 246 ... 7.6 4.9
Singapore 1588 1825 | 1972 1696 1985 1.3 0.7
domestic exports c 995 504 | 360 234 236 0.6 0.2
re-exports c 593 1321 | 1612 1462 1747 2.2 1.4
South Africa 85 218 258 173 144 0.7 0.2
Sri Lanka c 638 2812 2776 2874 3046 51.8 44.2
Switzerland 686 607 | 1498 1305 1620 0.8 1.1
Taipei, Chinese 3987 3015 1951 1561 1393 2.0 0.7
Thailand 2817 3759 3985 4085 4257 5.4 3.3
Tunisia c 1126 2227 3289 3124 3174 38.1 27.6
Turkey c 3331 6533 11193 11833 11882 23.5 13.9
Ukraine - 417 671 689 682 2.9 1.8
United Arab Emirates c 146 464 814 656 624 0.9 0.4
United States 2565 8629 5059 4998 4876 1.1 0.5
Viet Nam ... 1821 4430 4838 ... 12.6 14.9

a Or nearest year.
b Figures refer to fiscal year.
c Includes Secretariat estimates.
d Includes significant exports from processing zones.

108
Table II.65

Clothing imports of selected economies, 1990-2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

merchandise trade by product


Share in economy's total
Value merchandise imports

1990 2000 2004 2005 2006 2000 2006 a


Albania ... 68 143 147 173 6.3 5.6
Argentina 6 333 119 156 192 1.3 0.6
Australia b 711 1858 2666 3120 3279 2.6 2.5
Bangladesh c, d 14 174 360 417 ... 2.3 3.2
Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 101 390 226 522 736 2.7 2.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina d ... ... 109 167 161 ... 2.2
Brazil 59 185 215 326 466 0.3 0.5
Bulgaria ... 179 491 462 495 2.8 2.1
Canada b 2388 3690 5223 5976 6818 1.5 1.9 Ii
Chile 52 501 666 794 1000 2.7 2.6
China e 48 1192 1542 1629 1724 0.5 0.2
Colombia 19 80 86 117 159 0.7 0.6
Costa Rica e 17 592 349 339 311 9.3 2.7
Croatia ... 278 378 420 518 3.5 2.4
Ecuador 1 23 121 133 154 0.6 1.3
El Salvador d, e 171 569 531 477 ... 11.5 7.0
European Union (25) f - 82699 123734 130286 141151 3.2 3.0
extra-EU (25) imports - 43305 65981 71178 79631 4.7 4.7
Guatemala 5 33 | 210 188 190 0.7 1.6
Hong Kong, China 6913 16008 17129 18437 18852 7.5 5.6
retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Iceland 75 88 117 145 156 3.4 2.6
Israel d 61 471 625 683 734 1.2 1.5
Japan 8765 19709 21687 22541 23870 5.2 4.1
Jordan 28 61 126 164 247 1.3 2.2
Korea, Republic of 151 1307 2747 2913 3744 0.8 1.2
Kuwait d 206 317 428 553 ... 4.4 3.5
Lebanon b ... 171 296 ... ... 2.8 3.1
Macao, China 26 214 400 426 440 9.5 9.6
Malaysia e 76 148 244 283 359 0.2 0.3
Mexico b, e 573 3602 2570 2523 2517 2.1 1.0
Morocco e 8 232 310 283 274 2.0 1.2
New Zealand 149 401 619 703 740 2.9 2.8
Norway 1231 1287 1666 1855 1978 3.7 3.1
Qatar 29 54 91 138 ... 1.7 1.4
Romania 26 322 645 714 757 2.5 1.5
Russian Federation b, d - 2688 6471 7928 8103 6.0 4.9
Saudi Arabia d 833 813 1168 1458 1499 2.7 2.3
Serbia ... ... ... ... 222 ... 1.7
Serbia and Montenegro ... 46 181 153 ... 1.2 1.3
Singapore 920 1881 | 2239 2132 2497 1.4 1.0
retained imports d 328 560 | 627 670 750 0.7 0.7
South Africa b 108 223 619 832 1123 0.8 1.6
Switzerland 3437 3160 4359 4722 4654 3.8 3.3
Taipei, Chinese 290 978 993 1092 1224 0.7 0.6
Thailand 29 131 197 214 276 0.2 0.2
Tunisia d 191 438 631 569 562 5.1 3.8
Turkey d 16 264 651 788 2387 0.5 1.7
Ukraine - 60 124 389 342 0.4 0.8
United Arab Emirates d 514 832 1670 1779 1953 2.4 2.0
United States 26977 67115 75731 80071 82972 5.3 4.3
Viet Nam d ... 450 323 ... ... 2.9 1.0

a Or nearest year.
b Imports are valued f.o.b.
c Figures refer to fiscal year.
d Includes Secretariat estimates.
e Includes significant imports into processing zones.
f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (25) imports.

109