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Common dental indices used in oral health surveys

Dental index Procedures for use Interpretation

DENTAL CARIES INDICES

Decayed-Missing-Filled Teeth in- Count and record that D, M, and F teeth in each General: indicates cumulative caries
dex (DMFT): an irreversible index member of the sample or population. experience, total DMF score diffi-
used to measure past and present cult to determine, specific treatment
caries experience of a population Analyze the scores by using the following formula. needs or experiences
with permanent teeth. D indicates
a carious tooth; M indicates a tooth 1. DMFT count= Total DMFT
missing because of caries; F indi- ---------------------------
cates a filled tooth Number of people examined
(indicates number of teeth with history of decay)
The deft index, a variation of the
DMFT, is variation of the DMFT, Total deft = Total DMFT
is used to measure observable car- ---------------------------
ies experience in primary teeth. The Number of children examined
d and f symbols are the same as in ( indicates observable caries experience)
the DMFT. However, e indicates
need for extraction, and missing 2. FNM= F
teeth are not considered. A tooth that ------------------
meets the criteria for both d and f is Total DMFT
considered one decayed tooth. The indicates treatment required for decay
deft does not take into account teeth (filling needs met)
that have been extracted or exfoli-
ated because of past caries experi- 3. Percent of decayed teeth= Total DMFT
ences -----------------
(indicates the treatment required
Root Caries Index (RCI): a for unmet filling needs)
method for reporting root caries that
measures the severity of disease and 4. Percent of missing teeth= M
delineates the true intraoral pupa- -------------------
tion at risk the denominator) Total DMFT
(indicates the number of teeth lost by decay)

5. Average D, M, or F individual=
D or M or F
---------------------------
Number of people examined
Rests upon the assumption that
Only root surfaces exposed to the oral environment gingival recession is a necessary
are at risk; the data are recorded as follows: antecedent condition before root
canes can develop and that gingival
(R-D) + (R-F) x 100= RCI recession must be evident at the
-------------------------------- time of examination
(R-D) + (R-F) + (R-N)

R - D = Root surface with decay


R - F = Root surface that is filled
R - N = Root surface that is sound

Scoring b relatively straightforward. Four surfaces of


the root are evaluated: mesial, distal, facial, and lingual.
If multiple type of surface is recorded for the tooth.