Anda di halaman 1dari 10

AP Psychology Syllabus

Nature of the Subject


The purpose of AP Psychology is designed to introduce students to the systematic and
scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of human beings and other animals.
Students are exposed to the psychological facts, principles and phenomena associated
with each of the major sub fields within psychology.

Resources and Course Materials


Due to the nature of this course students are expected to read extensively throughout the
year. Students will be assigned a textbook and will be given readings from a variety of
other sources. The primary resources starting with the student issued text are as follows
Psychology 7E by David G. Myers
The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat by Oliver Sachs
A Million Little Pieces by James Frye
Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl

Student Materials
Students are required to have a 3 ring binder. The binder should be of either 1 ½” or 2”
variety. Organizers or dividers are recommended to separate materials by unit but are not
required. Students will also need at least several packs of note cards. These will be used
with each unit as study guides. Furthermore it is highly suggested that students purchase
one of the many AP Review books on the market. Lastly students may take notes with
whatever writing instrument they choose, but all work to be turned in should be written in
ink.

Evaluation
Students will be evaluated using a total points system. Each assignment will be given a
point value based on how much work is involved and how difficult the assignment. On
average Quizzes, Tests and Essays will count for 70% of your grade, while homework,
class work, class participation, notebook and project grades account for between
approximately 30% of the total points. Makeup work will be arranged between the
teacher and the student. Make-up tests may be in the form of an essay at the teacher’s
discretion.
1. All test are created to be Mock-AP tests.
2. Each test will be timed. Modifications in line with IEP’s and 504’s will be
made.
3. Each Unit will have note cards for the vocabulary and a vocabulary quiz
4. Pop reading quizzes will be given at least once per unit

The grading scale will be the standard 10 point scale.


90 – 100 = A 80 – 89 = B 70 – 79 = C
60 – 69 = D 59 – below = F
Contacting the teacher and office hours
You may contact me any day at home PRIOR TO 8:30 PM. My phone number
is . Please leave your voice mail message on my home phone and I
will return your call promptly. You may also email me with questions. I try and answer
my mail each and every day around 8:00 PM. My email address is . My
office hours are before school from 6:15 AM until school starts. I am also available
during periods 1 and 7. For students who need to see me after school, I am available by
appointment only.

I. History Approaches and Research Methods: (Combined 8-12% of the test)


1. History Historical and Philosophical Development of
psychology including functionalism and structuralism
B. Modern Perspectives on Psychology: Behavioral/Learning, Neuroscience,
Cognitive; Psychodynamic, Humanistic, and Evolutionary
C. Scientific Methodology:
1) Research methods including introspection, naturalistic observation,
case study survey, controlled experiments
2) Strengths and weaknesses of each method and generalizability
3) Research ethics including the use of animals and human participants
D. Statistics: Descriptive Statistics including measures of central tendency, and
variance. Inferential statistics and correlation

I. Learning: (7 – 9 % of the test)


A. Historical Origins of the Behavioral movement
B. Classical Conditioning
1) Basic Concepts
a) Acquisition
b) Extinction and spontaneous recovery
c) Generalization and discrimination
d) Key studies including Pavlov and Watson
2) Applications including emotional learning, taste aversions, learned
helplessness
3) Critiques – Cognitive and Biological Limitations
C. Operant Conditioning
1) Thorndike – The Law of Effect
2) BF Skinner
a) Concepts such as schedules of reinforcement
b) Walden Two
3) Critiques Cognitive and Biological Limitations
D. Observational Learning – Albert Bandura and modeling.
II. The Biological Bases of Behavior (8 – 10% of the test)
A. The Neuron
1) Neural Structure and Firing
2) Neurotransmitters
B. The Nervous System
1) Central Nervous System
2) Peripheral Nervous System
C. The Brain
1) Research Techniques
2) Brain structures
3) Hemispheric specialization
D. The Endocrine system
E. Behavioral Genetics and heritability

III. Sensation and Perception: (7 – 9% of the test)


A. Psychophysics Thresholds – Absolute and Difference Thresholds, Weber’s
Law and Signal Detection Theory
B. Sensation
1) Vision – structure of the eye, color vision and feature detection
2) Audition – structure of the ear, hearing pitch, and echolocation
3) Other senses – olfactory, taste, proprioception
C. Perception
1) Attention
2) Perceptual Organization including Gestalt principals, depth perception and
motion perception
3) Cultural and other factors contributing to our perception

V. Developmental Psychology (7 – 9% of the test)


A. Methodology in Developmental Psychology: Longitudinal and Cross
Sectional Studies.
B. Key Debates in Developmental Psychology: Nature Vs Nurture, Stability Vs
Change and Stages Vs Continuity
C. Major Theorist
1) Cognitive Development
a. Piaget
b. Vygotsky
2) Psychosexual and Pscyhosocial development
a. Freud
b. Erikson
3) Moral and Gender Role Development
a. Kohlberg
b. Gilligan
D. Major stages of development – infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood
VI. Motivation and Emotion (7 – 9% of the test)
A. Key Concepts in Motivation – Instincts, Drives, Optimal Levels of arousal,
Maslow’s Heirarchy of Needs
B. Hunger and Eating Disorders
1) Chemical mechanisms of hunger
2) Brain/body mechanisms of hunger
3) Learning/cultural influences on hunger
C. Sexuality and Sexual Orientation
D. Achievement Motivation
E. Theories of Emotion
1) James-Lange Theory
2) Cannon-Bard
3) Schacter-Singer
F. Psychology and physiology of fear, anger and happiness
G. Expression of Emotion – Darwin and Ekman

VII. Memory, Thinking and Language (8 – 10% of the test)


A. Theories of Memory
1) Traditional (3 Stores) model of memory
2) Working Memory
3) Levels of Processing
4) Procedural versus declarative knowledge
B. Mnemonics, memory construction, misinformation and eyewitness testimony
C. Forgetting
D. Key Cognitive Concepts – thinking, cognition, concept, prototype, serial and
parallel processing
E. Problem Solving
1) Algorithms, Heuristics, and Insight Learning
2) Obstacles to problem solving
F. Language
1) Characteristics of Language
2) Language Acquisition
a. Stages of language development
b. Skinner
c. Chomsky
d. Critical Period Hypothesis
e. Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis

VIII. Individual Differences (Intelligence and Personality combined 11 –15% of the


test)
A. Intelligence
1) Psychological Testing – Methodology, Norms, reliability and validity
2) Intelligence – Factor Analysis, General Intelligence, Multiple Intelligences
3) Implications and issues in intelligence – Nature Vs Nurture the eugenics
movement, Savant Syndrome
B. Personality
1) The Psychodynamic Perspective on Personality – Freud, Jung, Adler
2) Trait Perspective – Allport, Factor Analysis the Big Five, Myers-Briggs
MMPI
3) Humanistic Perspective – Rogers and Maslow
4) Social-Cognitive Perspective – Bandura and Seligman

IX. Stress and Health/States of Consciousness (2 – 4% of the test)


A. Stress and Health
1) Stress andour bodies including coronary heart disease, Type A & B
personalities, Stress and diseases
2) Selye’s General Adaptation SyndromeSleep Stages
3) Strategies for coping with stress.
B. States of Consciousness
1) Sleep including biological rhythms, and sleep stages
2) Theories on why we sleep and sleep disorders
3) Dreams and theories on why we dream.
4) Hypnosis and theories on hypnosis
C. Drugs and their effects
1) Dependence and addiction
2) Effects of various types of drugs including depressants, stimulants and
hallucinogens
3) Biological and Cultural influences on drug use.

X. Disorders and Treatment (combined (12 – 16% of the test)


A. Abnormality – approaches and definitions
1) The Medical Model
2) Biopsychosocial Model
3) Diathesis Stress Model
B. Classifying Disorders – the DSM IV
C. Major Disorders
1) Anxiety Disorders
2) Mood Disorder
3) Dissociative Disorders
4) Schizophrenia
5) Personality Disorders
D. Major Approaches to Psychotherapy – Psychoanalysis, Behavioristic,
Humanistic, Cognitive, Group and Psychopharmacology
E. Assessing the effectiveness of therapy
F.
X. Social Psychology (7 – 9% of the test)
A. Attitudes and Behavior
1. Making and Changing Attitudes
2. Fundamental Attribution Error
3. Cognitive Dissonance
B. Group Influence
1. Conformity
2. Obedience
3. Social Facilitation and Social Loafing
4. Group Think
5. Role Playing – Zimbardo Prison Studies
C. Prejudice and Scapegoating
D. Altruism
E. Aggression

References

3-D Brain Anatomy. (n.d.). Retrieved October, 2006, from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/3d/index.html

Adler, A. (1979). Superiority and Social Interest. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. (Original work

published 1964)

Boeree, C. G. (n.d.). The History of Psychology. Retrieved September, 2006, from

http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/historyofpsych.html#Part_Three:_The_1800s

Brehm, S. S., Kassin, S. M., & Fein, S. (2002). Social Psychology (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin

Company.

Bruner, J. S. (1973). Beyond the Information Given: Studies in the Psychology of Knowing. New York: W.

W. Norton & Company.

Carson, R. C., Butler, J. N., & Mineka, S. (2000). Abnormal Psychology and Modern Life. Boston: Allyn

and Bacon.

Deutsch, D. (Speaker). (2003). Phantom Words, and Other Curiosities [CD]. La Jolla, CA: Philomel

Records Inc.

Discovering Psychology [Motion picture]. (2001). United States: Annenberg/CPB.

Eagle, M. N. (1984). Recent Developments in Psychoanalysis: A Critical Evaluation. Cambridge MA:

Harvard University Press.

Erikson, E. H. (1985). Childhood and Society. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. (Original work

published 1950)

Fein, S., & Kassin, S. M. (Eds.). (2002). Readings in Social Psychology (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton

Mifflin & Company.

Flanagan, C. (Ed.). (2001). The Ultimate Study Guide Revise A2 Psychology. London: Letts.
Frankl, V. E. (1984). Man’s Search for Meaning: An Introduction to Logotherapy (3rd ed.). New York:

Simon & Schuster. (Original work published 1959)

Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books.

Glassman, W. E. (2000). Approaches to Psychology (3rd ed.). Buckingham: Open University Press.

(Original work published 1979)

Graziano, A. M., & Raulin, M. L. (1997). Research Methods A Process of Inquiry (3rd ed.). New York:

Longman.

Greystone Communications Inc (Producer), & Harris, B. (Director). (1995). Biography: Sigmund Freud

Analysis of a Mind [Motion picture]. United States: A & E Home Video.

Hall, C. S. (1954). A Primer of Freudian Psychology. New York: Mento Books.

Hall, C. S., & Nordby, V. J. (1973). A Primer of Jungian Psychology. New York: Mentor Books.

Hill, G. (Ed.). (2001). A Level Psychology through diagrams. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Original

work published 1998)

Hooper, A., & Holford, J. (1998). Adler for Beginners. New York: Writers and Readers Publishing Inc.

Hubley, J., & Hubley, F. (Writers). (1977). Everybody Rides the Carousel [Motion picture]. United States:

Image Entertainment.

Hulme, P., Sherratt, T., & Moss, J. (n.d.). StatWeb. Retrieved September, 2006, from

http://www.dur.ac.uk/stat.web/

The Human Brain. (2001). Discovering Psychology. Retrieved October, 2006, from

http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/brain/index.html

Human Memory. (n.d.). Retrieved November, 2006, from http://human-

factors.arc.nasa.gov/cognition/tutorials/ModelOf/memory1.html

Hyde, M., & McGuinness, M. (1999). Introducing Jung. Cambridge: Icon Books.

Johnson, N. (Writer/Producer), & Johnson, N. (Director). (1957). The Three Faces of Eve [Motion picture].

United States: Twentieth Century Fox.

Jung, C. G. (1964). Man and His Symbols. New York: Dell.

Jung, C. G. (1974). Dreams. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kalat, J. W. (2001). Biological Psychology (7th ed.). Belmont CA: Wadsworth.


Kaysen, S. (1993). Girl, Interrupted. New York: Vintage Books.

Krantz, J. H., Ph. D. (n.d.). Psychological Tutorials and Demonstrations. In Hanover College Psychology

Department. Retrieved March 30, 2007, from http://psych.hanover.edu/KRANTZ/tutor.html

Maitland, L. L. (Ed.). (2004). 5 Steps to a 5. New York: McGraw Hill.

Marshall, P., Schmidt, A., & Abbott, E. (Producers), Zaillian, S., & Sacks, O., M.D. (Writers), & Marshall,

P. (Director). (1991). Awakenings [Motion picture]. United Staes: RCA Columbia Pictures.

McEntaffer, R., & Weseley, A. J., Ed.D. (Eds.). (2004). How to Prepare for the AP Psychology Exam (2nd

ed.). New York: Barons. (Original work published 2000)

Myers, D. G. (2000). Exploring Social Psychology (2nd ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill. (Original work

published 1994)

Myers, D. G. (2004). Psychology (7th ed.). New York: Worth. (Original work published 1986)

Nelson, J., Solomon, R., Zick, E., & Herskovitz, M. (Producers), Johnson, K., & Nelson, J. (Writers), &

Nelson, J. (Director). (2001). I am Sam [Motion picture]. United States: New Line Products.

Nevid, J. S. (2003). Psychology: Concepts and Applications. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Nova Productions (Producer). (1984). Secrets of a Wild Child [Motion picture]. United States: Nova.

Nye, R. D. (2000). Three Psychologies: Perspectives from Freud, Skinner and Rogers (6th ed.). Belmont

CA: Wadsworth.

Plotnik, R. (2005). Introduction to Psychology. Belmont CA: Wadsworth.

Plous, S. (2007). Social Psychology Network. Retrieved April, 2007, from

http://www.socialpsychology.org/

Psychology Quizzes. (2006). Retrieved September, 2006, from http://www.alleydog.com/quizzes.asp

Research: Non Experimental Methods. (n.d.). Retrieved September, 2006, from

http://psy1.clarion.edu/mm/General/Methods/Methods.html

Rogers, C. R. (1961). On Becoming a Person. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Rogers, C. R. (1980). A Way of Being. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Sacks, O. (1998). The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat. New York: Simon & Schuster. (Original work

published 1970)

Sacks, O. (1999). Awakenings. New York: Vintage Books. (Original work published 1973)
Sage, N. A. (2001). The Psi Cafe. Retrieved March 30, 2007, from

http://www.psy.pdx.edu/PsiCafe/Just4Fun/Games/index.htm

Sattler, D. N., & Shabatay, V. (2000). Psychology in Context (2nd ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin

Company.

Schwartz, S. (Ed.). (1986). Classic Studies in Psychology. Mountain View CA: Mayfield Publishing

Company.

Serulnikov, A. (1999). Piaget for Beginners. New York: Writers and Readers Publishing.

Simmons, D. J. (2003). Visual Cognition Lab. Retrieved November, 2006, from

http://viscog.beckman.uiuc.edu/djs_lab/demos.html

Skinner, B. (1953). Science and Human Behavior. New York: The Free Press.

Skinner, B. (1971). Walden Two. New York: The MacMillan Company. (Original work published 1948)

Skinner, B. (1976). About Behaviorism. New York: Vintage. (Original work published 1974)

Skinner, B. (1990). Beyond Freedom & Dignity. New York: Vintage. (Original work published 1971)

Slife, B. (2002). Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Psychological Issues (12th ed.). McGraw-

Hill.

Slife, B., & Rubinstein, J. (1992). Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Psychological Issues

(7th ed.). Guilford Connecticut: Dushkin Publishing Group.

Stanovich, K. E. (2001). How to Think Straight About Psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Sternberg, R. J. (1999). Cognitive Psychology (2nd ed.). Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

(Original work published 1996)

Sternberg, R. J., & Grigorenko, E. (1997). Intelligence, Heredity, and Environment. New York: Cambridge

University Press.

Twin Oaks Intentional Community. (2007, March 15). Retrieved September, 2006, from

http://www.twinoaks.org/

Ward, A. (n.d.). Genie: A Modern Day Wild Child. In Feral Children.Com. Retrieved February, 2006,

from http://www.feralchildren.com/en/showchild.php?ch=genie

Weiten, W. (2004). Psychology Themes & Variations (6th ed.). New York: Wadsworth.
Wick, D., & Konrad, C. (Producers), Mangold, J., Loomer, L., Phelan, A. H., & Kaysen, S. (Writers), &

Mangold, J. (Director). (1999). Girl Interrupted [Motion picture]. United States: Columbia Tristar.

Wilder Penfield. (n.d.). A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries. Retrieved October, 2006, from

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhpenf.html

Zaentz, S., & Douglas, M. (Producers), Hauben, L., Goldman, B., & Kesey, K. (Writers), & Forman, M.
(Director). (n.d.). One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest [Motion picture]. Untied States: Re