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Local Control Network

Specification and
L
Technical Data
LC03-500
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LC03-500
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TDC 3000 Specification and


Local Control Network Technical Data

Introduction

This publication defines the


significant functions of the
TDC 3000 Local Control Network
(LCN). The Local Control
Network is a local area network
through which TDC 3000
modules communicate with each
other. Multiple LCNs can be
linked together through Network
Gateways, as shown in Figure 1.

Two coaxial cables provide the 4264


primary medium that connects between the modules, including modules and the types of
each module residing on a Local information going to or from the information carried on the Local
Control Network. Optional fiber modules, and information going Control Network, refer to the
optic communication links can be to or from process subsystems System Technical Data
used to join LCN segments or to integrated into the TDC 3000 document. The Network Gateway
connect remote Universal System. Specification and Technical Data
Stations to the LCN. The Local describes how two or more LCNs
Control Network carries all of the For more information about the are interconnected.
information that is transferred relationships of the TDC 3000

Universal Stations Universal


Fiber Archive Replay Application History Plant Network Work Station
Optics Module Module Module Module
Additional
LCN Modules Network Network
Gateway Gateway

LOCAL CONTROL NETWORK NO. 1 LOCAL CONTROL NETWORK NO. 2


Plant
LCN Hiway Network Information Network
Extenders Gateway Interface Network Interface
Module Module
Process
Manager UNIVERSAL Logic
CONTROL
Manager
DATA Advanced NETWORKS
HIWAY Data Process
Advanced
Hiway Manager
Process
Boxes
Advanced Manager
Process
Manager

Remote I/O
Subsystem

Smartline 3000

11806

Figure 1 — TDC 3000 Architecture with Local Control Network


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Functional Description from 1 through 127. System


FUNCTIONS efficiency is improved by using
Because the Local Control contiguous addresses.
Network provides rapid, secure • Carries all information
communication between all transferred between the
modules, distributed processing modules on the network. A module "holding" the token has
with centralized operations is a • Ensures the timely exchange access to the network to transmit
reality in TDC 3000 Systems. All of information through an one frame. When a module
modules are assured access to efficient protocol and high- receives the token and has
the network, even during a peak speed communication. something to transmit, it transmits
load. Because of the one frame and then passes the
• Provides highly secure token to the next module.
deterministic token-passing communication through
algorithm employed, active and backup cables,
communication delays do not The information frame transfers
and message-integrity from 100 to 2000 bytes of
become excessive. Modules can checking.
be added to or removed from the information from one module to
network without disrupting another module. The
ongoing operations. destination-address field can
receives the token frame but has specify the physical address of a
nothing to transmit, it passes the module or it can specify a logical-
High-Speed token to the lowest-numbered node address (up to 8192
module. Sixty-four modules can addresses). When a logical-node
Communication exist on a single (extended) LCN, address is specified, all modules
assigned to addresses ranging that have the specified logical
All information is transferred
serially at 5-million bits per
second. Information is transferred
in frames of varying lengths.
There are several types of frames, Start
including frames that transfer
commands, aid in diagnosis, A
transfer information, and control
access to the network.
Token Frame N
Received? O
Access to the Network
YES
A "token-passing" technique is
used to control access to the
network. A token frame is passed Any Frames N
among the modules to determine Waiting To Go? O
which one has access to the
network. The Local Control YES
Network is a broadcast type of
local area network. All modules
"hear" all transmissions, but they
accept only information intended
for them. Send One Frame

Figure 2 is a simplified flow chart


of the network-access
mechanism. When a module
receives a token frame and has Pass The Token To
nothing to transmit, it passes the The Next Module
token to the next module with a
higher address. For example,
when module number 4 receives
the token frame but has nothing A
to transmit, it passes the token
frame to the next module,
normally number 5. When the
Figure 2 — Network Access Mechanism 1122
highest-numbered module
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node accept the information. In management software in each other K2LCN modules on the
addition, an originating node can module. LCN. Hiway Gateways or Network
broadcast a message to all nodes. Interface Modules typically are
In these ways, information can be selected as clock sources, but
transferred throughout the Network Time any modules can be selected by
network without regard for the Synchronization the system engineer at the time
physical location of sources and of network configuration.
destinations. Accompanying the other
information carried on the Local
Control Network is a system-clock Options
Security synchronization signal. There are
two types of signals that can be The Local Control Network
The use of dual cables, CRC generated, depending on the options are the number and type
verification on every received type of boards used in the LCN of modules on the network, the
frame, and message-length modules. The recently length and mix of cables, the LCN
checks by software ensure an introduced high-density (K2LCN) Extender (LCNE) and the Local
extremely secure network. boards are capable of generating, Control Network Fiber Link
Undetected errors are virtually and receiving, digital clock (LCNFL).
nonexistent. Detected errors, synchronization data frames that
which are also very rare, can be are transmitted at the standard The maximum number of
corrected by a repeat 5 MHz rate. Modules that do not modules on a single LCN is 64
transmission by the application contain the K2LCN boards when an LCNE is included, or 40
software. require a special 12.5 kHz clock modules without an LCNE.
synchronization signal. Where a module has a backup,
The frame-check sequence the module and its backup count
(FCS) that is near the end of These signals are used to as two in the total count of
every frame contains a 16-bit synchronize timekeeping in the modules on the LCN.
polynomial checksum that is a modules. The date and time-of-
unique representation of all of the day counters in the modules are Multiple LCNs are interconnected
information contained in the started and maintained by a frame using a Network Gateway through
frame. The checksum is containing the actual real time, a Plant Information Network (PIN).
regenerated as the frame is which is sent out on the LCN For more information, refer to the
received in each module and the every 50 ms. The clock Network Gateway Specification
regenerated checksum is synchronization signal on the and Technical Data.
compared with the FCS field. If an network synchronizes the
error is detected, the frame will be counters so that all time counts Each coaxial-cable segment can
retransmitted as the result of change at the same time. be up to 300 m (1000 ft) long,
timeout for lack of response. and each fiber optic
Clock-signal propagation to communication-link can be up to
The Local Control Network modules connected by LCN 2000 m (6500 ft) long. Figure 3
Interfaces in all modules have Extender links occurs as part of shows an example of an LCN with
transmission and reception normal message handling for multiple coaxial and fiber optic
circuits for both coaxial cables. K2LCN 5 MHz signals. cable segments. There can be
Should a cable, a transmitter Propagation over Extender links up to six fiber optic links, and the
circuit, or a receiver circuit fail, is optional for 12.5 kHz signals; combinations of coaxial and fiber
there is a backup to take over for when implemented, separate segments are limited by the
it. The transmitter and receiver fiber optic fibers are used. constraint that the signal path
circuits (transceivers) are between any two modules on an
transformer-coupled to provide One of the modules on the LCN cannot include more than
electrical isolation between the network is the source of the two fiber optic communication-
modules on the network. The master clock-synchronization links.
transceivers are designed so that signal, with a second module
a circuit failure cannot affect the providing a backup "slave" clock. The LCNE retransmits signals
operation of the cables or other If there is a mixture of modules between coaxial and fiber
transceivers. with and without K2LCN boards, segments.
two of the non-K2LCN modules
All modules transmit all frames on serve as 12.5 kHz master and The LCNFL allows connection of
both cables. They normally slave. A K2LCN module then a single remote module (generally
"listen" on the active cable. The synchronizes its clock with the a Universal Station) to fiber cables
active cable is determined by master and transmits digital clock without the need to create a
cooperative, network- 5 MHz message frames to the coaxial cable segment.
LC03-500
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TDC 3000
Module
LCNE
Coaxial Cable
with Terminators LCNFL
TDC 3000
Modules

Transmit and
Receive Fiber
Optic Cables

Coaxial Cable
with Terminators LCNE LCNE

LCNE

TDC 3000
Modules Transmit and
NOTE: In order to provide LCN redundancy, the Receive Fiber
system as shown must be duplicated (with the exception Optic Cables
of the LCNFL which includes fiber optic transmitters and
receivers for both the A and B cables).
LCNE

Coaxial Cable
with Terminators
TDC 3000
1123
Modules

Figure 3 — LCN Extender and Fiber Link Configuration Example (Signal Path)

Physical Description The optional fiber optic hardware receive). To protect against loss
consists of the fiber optic cables of communication in the event of
The primary Local Control (provided by others) and two a single-node failure, it is
Network hardware consists of the board types, the LCNE board and recommended that only one
coaxial cables,* tee connectors, the LCNFL board. LCNE board be connected to a
termination connectors, and a module.
Local Control Network Interface The LCNE board mounts in any
board in each module. Figure 4 spare paddleboard slot in any As shown in Figure 6, an LCNFL
shows how the coaxial cables are module without affecting its board replaces the coaxial cable
connected to each module. operation, except to draw power. transceiver-board in a remote
As shown in Figure 5, a single module, and connects to the four
LCNE connects one coaxial cable fiber optic cables required for
* TDC 3000 LCN cables have been (active or backup) to two fiber extension of a redundant LCN.
designed and tested by Honeywell optic cables (transmit and
IAC to meet strict standards of
performance. Other "RG-59-like"
or "RG-11-like" cables have not
been tested and qualified for use in
the system; therefore, no
substitutions are approved by
Honeywell.
LC03-500
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TDC 3000 Module

LCN Interface
Board

Transceivers

Paddle Board

Cable A

Cable B

BNC T-Connectors
connect cables to Cables can be up to 300
transceivers. meters (1000 ft.) long. Each
cable is terminated at both ends
with 75 ohm terminators. 1124

Figure 4 — LCN Coaxial Cable Connections

TDC 3000 Module TDC 3000 Module

LCNE LCNE

Paddle Board Paddle Board

Coaxial Cable A

Coaxial Cable B

Fiber Optic cable A extension Fiber Optic cable B extension


(transmit and receive cables) (transmit and receive cables)

Fiber Optic cables can be


up to 2000 meters (6500 feet) long. 1125

Figure 5 — Coaxial Cable to Fiber Cable Connection


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TDC 3000 Module

LCN Interface
Board

LCNFL

Paddle Board

Fiber Optic Cable Pairs

Figure 6 — Remote Module Cable Connection 1126


LC03-500
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Local Control Network Specifications

Physical Characteristics

Type of Cable/Connections (LCN Cables A & B)*

Coaxial cables within cabinets (75 ohm) Honeywell Part No. 51190837-100
RF coaxial BNC-type connector for above Honeywell Part No. 30732054-001
BNC T-Connector at module Honeywell Part No. 51190728-105
75 ohm terminator for each end of LCN Honeywell Model No. C-KCA02

Coaxial cables between cabinets and modules Honeywell Part No. 51190838-100
RF coaxial BNC-type connector for above Honeywell Part No. 30732050-001

Fiber optic cable can be used between coaxial cable-bus segments to provide extended bus runs.
Inquire at factory for recommendations.

Maximum Length 300 meters (1000') for coaxial cable-bus segment.


2 kilometers (6562') for fiber optic-cable run.

Maximum Number of TDC 3000 64 modules total for entire network, where a network consists of
Modules per LCN coax segments plus fiber optic extenders.

Maximum Number of Electrical 40


Loads (modules or extenders)
per LCN Segment

Fiber Optic Extension Up to two fiber optic segments between any two modules.
Up to six fiber optic extensions connected to any coax segment.

Operating Characteristics

Data Transfer Speed 5 million bits per second

Dat Encoding/Transfer Method Manchester data encoding with token-passing access protocol.

Real-Time Clock Signal Transferred over coaxial cable at 12.5 kHz. Clock signal
propagation between LCN extensions is optional (requires
separate fiber optic fibers).

* TDC 3000 LCN cables have been designed and tested by Honeywell to meet strict standards of
performance. Other "RG-59-like" cables have not been tested and qualified for use in the system; therefore,
no substitutions are approved by Honeywell.

While this information is presented in good faith and believed to be accurate, Honeywell disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and
makes no express warranties except as may be stated in its written agreement with and for its customer.

In no event is Honeywell liable to anyone for any indirect, special or consequential damages. The information and specifications in this document are subject to change without
notice.

Printed in U.S.A. — © Copyright 1992 - Honeywell Inc.