Anda di halaman 1dari 2

BIO 201 – Handouts Lower Limbs – Part III Nerves and Joints of the Lower Limbs

Lumbar and Sacral Plexuses

Lumbar Plexus

o

Innervates the thigh, abdominal wall, and psoas muscle

o

Femoral nerve — innervates quadriceps and skin of anterior thigh and medial surface of leg

o

Obturator nerve — passes through obturator foramen to innervate adductor muscles

Sacral Plexus

o

Serves the buttock, lower limb, pelvic structures, and perineum

o

Sciatic nerve

Longest and thickest nerve of the body

Innervates the hamstring muscles, adductor magnus, and most muscles in the leg and foot

Composed of two nerves: tibial and common fibular

 Composed of two nerves: tibial and common fibular Knee Joint  Complex ellipsoid joint between

Knee Joint

Complex ellipsoid joint between the femur and the tibia that is supported by many ligaments

Allows flexion, extension, and slight rotation of the leg

Ligaments include

o

Anterior cruciate ligament

o

Posterior cruciate ligament

o

Fibular (lateral) ligament

o

Tibial (medial) ligament

Menisci

o

Crescentshaped cartilage pad between joint that acts as a smooth surface for the joint to move

o

Lateral and medial menisci