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Year 12 Mathematics C3 Tasks

To enable the syllabus of Core 3 mathematics to be covered by January 2011 you need to
complete several topics before September 2010. Your teachers will cover the topics in
class before the end of this term and you will be expected to complete an assignment
before September.

C3 work to be handed in on last week of term

• Review Exercise 1C

• Review Exercise 2G

C3 Summer 2010 Assignment – handed in on first lesson in September 2010

• Algebraic Fractions

• Functions

• Equations involving Modulus signs

• Trigonometry preparation

o Learning Trigonometric Identities (Test 1st lesson back)

The review exercises and assignment are on the main A level Fronter page.

If you require help try using:

• The C3 Boardworks powerpoint slides on the C3 Fronter page.

• Mymaths website Login: nower Password: numbers

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C3 Algebraic Fractions and Functions Assignment

C3 Algebraic Fractions

1. Express

3x 2 7 (3 + 2 x )
×
(2 x + 7 x + 6)
2
3x 5

as a single fraction in its simplest form.


(Total 4 marks)

x x + 12
Express ( x + 1)( x + 3) + x − 9 as a single fraction in its simplest form.
2
3.
(Total 6 marks)

4. (a) Express as a fraction in its simplest form

2 13
+ 2
x − 3 x + 4 x − 21 .
(3)

(b) Hence solve

2 13
+ 2 =1
x − 3 x + 4 x − 21 .
(3)
(Total 6 marks)

x2 − x − 6
f(x) = x − 3x , x ≠ 0, x ≠ 3.
2
5.

(a) Express f(x) in its simplest form.


(3)

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the exact solutions of f(x) = x + 1.


(3)
(Total 6 marks)
C3 – Functions

1. The function f is given by

3
f : x  2 + x + 2 , x ∈ , x ≠ –2.

3
(a) Express 2 + x + 2 as a single fraction.
(1)
–1
(b) Find an expression for f (x).
(3)

–1
(c) Write down the domain of f .
(1)
(Total 5 marks)

2. The function f is defined by

5x + 1 3
f: x → x + x − 2 – x + 2 , x > 1.
2

2
(a) Show that f(x) = x − 1 , x > 1.
(4)
–1
(b) Find f (x). (3)
(Total 7 marks)

3.

2x + 5 1
f(x) = x + 3 – ( x + 3)( x + 2) , x > –2.

(a) Express f(x) as a single fraction in its simplest form.


(5)

1
(b) Hence show that f(x) = 2 – x + 2 , x > –2.
(2)

1
The curve y = x , x > 0, is mapped onto the curve y = f(x), using three successive
transformations T1, T2 and T3, where T1 and T3 are translations.

(c) Describe fully T1, T2 and T3.


(4)
(Total 11 marks)

3
4.

4
B( 3 , 1 )

– 1 O A( 2 , 0 ) 3 x

The diagram above shows a sketch of the curve with equation y = f(x), −1 ≤ x ≤ 3. The curve
touches the x-axis at the origin O, crosses the x-axis at the point A(2, 0) and has a
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maximum at the point B( 3 , 1).

In separate diagrams, show a sketch of the curve with equation

(a) y = f(x + 1), (3)

(b) y = | f(x)| ,
(3)

(c) y = f(| x| ),
(4)

marking on each sketch the coordinates of points at which the curve

(i) has a turning point,

(ii) meets the x-axis.


(Total 10 marks)
5.

y = f ( x)

O Q ( 3 , 0 ) x

( 0 , – 2 )
P

The figure above shows part of the curve with equation y = f(x), x ∈ , where f is an increasing
function of x. The curve passes through the points P(0, –2) and Q(3, 0) as shown.

In separate diagrams, sketch the curve with equation


(a) y = |f(x)|,
(3)

–1
(b) y = f (x),
(3)

1
(c) y= 2 f(3x). (3)

Indicate clearly on each sketch the coordinates of the points at which the curve crosses or
meets the axes.
(Total 9 marks)

6.

– 2 – 1 O 1 2 3 x

( – 0 . 5 , – 2 )
( 0 . 4 , – 4 )

The diagram above shows a sketch of part of the curve with equation y = f(x), x ∈ R.

The curve has a minimum point at (−0.5, −2) and a maximum point at (0.4, −4). The lines x = 1,
the x-axis and the y-axis are asymptotes of the curve, as shown in the diagram above.

On a separate diagram sketch the graphs of

(a) y = f(x),
(4)

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(b) y = f(x – 3), (4)

(c) y = f(x).
(4)

In each case show clearly

(i) the coordinates of any points at which the curve has a maximum or minimum point,

(ii) how the curve approaches the asymptotes of the curve.


(Total 12 marks)

7. The function f is defined by

f: x   2x – 5 , x ∈ .

(a) Sketch the graph of y = f(x), showing the coordinates of points at which the graph meets
or crosses the axes.
(3)

(b) Find the values of x for which f(x) = x.


(4)

The function g is defined by

g: x  x(x – 6), x ∈ .

(c) Find the range of g(x).


(3)

(d) Find fg(1).


(2)
(Total 12 marks)

8.

M ( 2 , 4 )

– 5 O 5 x

The figure above shows the graph of y = f(x), –5 ≤ x ≤ 5.


The point M (2, 4) is the maximum turning point of the graph.

Sketch, on separate diagrams, the graphs of


(a) y = f(x) + 3, (2)

(b) y= |f(x)|,
(2)

(c) y = f(|x|).
(3)

Show on each graph the coordinates of any maximum turning points. (Total 7 marks)
9.

– 1 O 3 x
b
( 1a , )

This figure shows part of the graph of y = f(x), x ∈ ℝ. The graph consists of two line segments
that meet at the point (1, a), a < 0. One line meets the x-axis at (3, 0). The other line meets the x-
axis at (–1, 0) and the y-axis at (0, b), b < 0.

In separate diagrams, sketch the graph with equation

(a) y = f(x + 1), (2)

(b) y = f(x).
(3)

Indicate clearly on each sketch the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.

Given that f(x) = x – 1– 2, find

(c) the value of a and the value of b,


(2)

(d) the value of x for which f(x) = 5x.

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C3 – Equations involving Modulus signs

1. (a) Sketch, on the same axes, the graph with equation y = 2x – 3, and the line with
equation y = 5x – 1.
(2)

(b) Solve the inequality 2x – 3< 5x – 1.


(3)
(Total 5 marks)

2. (a) Sketch, on the same axes, the graph of y = |(x – 2)(x – 4)|, and the line with equation

y = 6 – 2x.
(4)

(b) Find the exact values of x for which |(x – 2)(x – 4)| = 6 – 2x.
(5)

(c) Hence solve the inequality |(x – 2)(x – 4)| < 6 – 2x.
(2)
(Total 11 marks)

3. (a) Sketch the graph of y =  x – 2a , given that a > 0.


(2)

(b) Solve  x – 2a > 2x + a, where a > 0.


(3)
(Total 5 marks)

2
4. (a) On the same diagram, sketch the graphs of y =  x – 4  and y =  2x – 1  ,
showing the coordinates of the points where the graphs meet the axes.
(4)

2
(b) Solve  x – 4  =  2x – 1  , giving your answers in surd form where appropriate.
(5)

2
(c) Hence, or otherwise, find the set of values of x for which  x – 4  >  2x – 1  .
(3)
(Total 12 marks)

5. Find the complete set of values of x for which


2
|x – 2| > 2x.
(Total 7 marks)

6. (a) Use algebra to find the exact solutions of the equation


2
|2x + x – 6 | = 6 – 3x.
(6)
2
(b) On the same diagram, sketch the curve with equation y = | 2x + x – 6| and the line with
equation y = 6 – 3x.
(3)

(c) Find the set of values of x for which

2
|2x + x – 6 | > 6 – 3x.
(3)
(Total 12 marks)

Trigonometric Identities

In C2 you learnt two Identities

In C3 you need to learn several more


For September you need to learn all the Identities in the boxes
below. You will be tested on these in September.

0100090000030202000002008a01000000008a01000026060f000a03574d464301000000000001005b780000
000001000000e802000000000000e8020000010000006c000000000000000000000015000000380000000000
000000000000344a0000c733000020454d4600000100e80200000e0000000200000000000000000000000000
0000f6090000e40c0000d800000017010000000000000000000000000000c04b0300d8410400160000000c00
0000180000000a0000001000000000000000000000000900000010000000c40800001f060000250000000c00
00000e000080120000000c00000001000000520000007001000001000000ceffffff0000000000000000000000
00900100000000000007400012540069006d006500730020004e0065007700200052006f006d0061006e0000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000006234093000000000040000000000ae309f34093000000000471690
01000002020603050405020304ef3a00e0417800c00900000000000000ff01000000000000540069006d00650
073002000000065007700200052006f006d0061006e000000000000009832093050ebae3010881d000100000
000000000b8471100f2b40230b84711004c6eaf30d04711006476000800000000250000000c00000001000000
180000000c000000000000025400000054000000000000000000000015000000380000000100000088870741
d1450741000000002d000000010000004c000000040000000000000000000000c40800001e06000050000000

9
0100090000030202000002008a01000000008a01000026060f000a03574d464301000000000001005b780000
000001000000e802000000000000e8020000010000006c000000000000000000000015000000380000000000
000000000000344a0000c733000020454d4600000100e80200000e0000000200000000000000000000000000
0000f6090000e40c0000d800000017010000000000000000000000000000c04b0300d8410400160000000c00
0000180000000a0000001000000000000000000000000900000010000000c40800001f060000250000000c00
00000e000080120000000c00000001000000520000007001000001000000ceffffff0000000000000000000000
00900100000000000007400012540069006d006500730020004e0065007700200052006f006d0061006e0000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0100090000030202000002008a01000000008a01000026060f000a03574d464301000000000001005b780000
000001000000e802000000000000e8020000010000006c000000000000000000000015000000380000000000
000000000000344a0000c733000020454d4600000100e80200000e0000000200000000000000000000000000
0000f6090000e40c0000d800000017010000000000000000000000000000c04b0300d8410400160000000c00
0000180000000a0000001000000000000000000000000900000010000000c40800001f060000250000000c00
00000e000080120000000c00000001000000520000007001000001000000ceffffff0000000000000000000000
00900100000000000007400012540069006d006500730020004e0065007700200052006f006d0061006e0000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
00000000000000000000000000000000006234093000000000040000000000ae309f34093000000000471690
01000002020603050405020304ef3a00e0417800c00900000000000000ff01000000000000540069006d00650
073002000000065007700200052006f006d0061006e000000000000009832093050ebae3010881d000100000
000000000b8471100f2b40230b84711004c6eaf30d04711006476000800000000250000000c00000001000000
180000000c000000000000025400000054000000000000000000000015000000380000000100000088870741
d1450741000000002d000000010000004c000000040000000000000000000000c40800001e06000050000000
200064651600000046000000280000001c0000004744494302000000ffffffffffffffffc60800002006000000000
0004600000014000000080000004744494303000000250000000c0000000e0000800e0000001400000000000
00010000000140000000400000003010800050000000b0200000000050000000c0278011a02040000002e011
8001c000000fb020400020000000000bc02000000000102022253797374656d000000000000000000003f3f3f
3f000000003f3f3f3f3f3f3f00040000002d01000004000000020101001c000000fb02f4ff000000000000900100
0000000740001254696d6573204e657720526f6d616e0000000000000000000000000000000000040000002d
010100050000000902000000020d000000320a0b00000001000400000000001a02780120000500040000002d
010000030000000000

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