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Amity School of Engineering, Noida

Digital Signal Processing

Tutorial Sheet No.1

Q1. A discrete time signal x[n] is shown:

X [n]

Sketch and label the following:


a) X[n-2]
b) X[2n]
c) X[-n]
d) X[-n+2]

Q2. Sketch even and odd part of


u[n]-u[n-4]
Q3. Show x[n]=ejwn is periodic only if w/2π is rational number.
Q4. Find whether the discrete time signals given below are periodic or aperiodic:
a) x[n]=cos(2πn/12)
b) x[n]=cos(8πn/12)

Q5.Determine whether the following signals are energy signals or power signals:
a) x(t)=e-atu(t) a>0
b)x(t)=Acos(wt+θ)
c) x(t)=tu(t)
d) x[n]=u[n]

Q6. A discrete time signal x[n] is shown in figure :

x[n]

0 n
Obtain;
a) x[n] u[1-n]
b) x[n]{u[n+2]-u[n]}
c) x[n]δ[n-1]
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial Sheet No.2

Q1. Show that the system y[n]=T{x[n]}=x2 is non-linear.


Q2.A system has input-output relation given by y[n]=T{x[n]}= nx[n] is
a) memory less
b) causal
c) linear
d) time invariant
e) stable

Q3.Show that if the input x[n] to a discrete-time LTI system is periodic with period N,the
output y[n]is also periodic with period N.

Q4. The impulse response h[n] of discrete- time system is shown. Determine and sketch the
output y[n] to the input x[n].

X [n]

+1
4 5

123 n

-1

X [n]

+1
4 5

1 2 3 n

-1

Q5.Consider a discrete time LTI system with impulse response h[n] given by
h[n]=αnu[n]
a) Is the system causal?
b) Is the system BIBO stable?
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial Sheet No.3

Q1. Determine the response of a leaner time invariant system to a given input
x[n] =anu[n] and impulse response h[n]=u[n-1] !a!<1..
Q2. Determine the response of the linear time invariant system to given input
x[n]= 1 for 0≤n≤10 and otherwise zero,
and h[n]=u[n-1].
Q3. Determine the response of the LTI system to a given input
x[n]=u[n]-u[n-101] and
h[n]=n for 0≤n≤10 otherwise zero.
Q4. Determine the zero input response of the system defined by the difference equation;
y[n]-3y[n-1]-4y[n-2]=x[n]-2x[n-1] and x[n]=u[n-1].
Q5. Determine the direct form-I and direct form-II structure of a discrete system defined by the
difference equation;
y[n]-3y[n-1]+4y[n-1]=x[n]-5x[n-1].
Q6. Determine the difference equation that relates the given system in figure;

x [n] + + y[n]

Z-1
2 X X 3

Z-1

Figure.
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial sheet No. 4

Q1. Find the DTFT of the rectangular pulse x[n]=u[n]-u[n-N].


Q2. Find the inverse DTFT of the rectangular pulse X(Ω) defined as
X(Ω)=1 Ω≤W
=0 W≤Ω≤ π
Q3. Find the inverse DTFT x[n] of
X(Ω) =2πδ(Ω-Ω0), Ω,Ω0≤ π
Q4. Find the DTFT of x[n]=1 for all n.Z
Q5. Find DTFT of sinusoidal sequence x[n]=cosΩ0n Ω0≤ π
Q6. Sketch x[n] and DTFT of x[n]
x[n]= 1 , n≤ 2
=0 otherwise
Q7. A discrete time LTI system is described by
y[n]-(1/2)y[n-1] =x[n] + (1/2)x[n-1]
a.) Determine the frequency response H(Ω) of the system.
b.) Find the impulse response h[n ] of the system.
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial sheet No. 5

Q1. Find the N- point DFT of the following sequences:


a) x[n]= δ [n]
b) x[n]=u[n]-u[n-N]

Q2. Consider the sequences x[n] and h[n] of length 4 given by


x[n]=cos(πn/2) , n=0,1,2,3
h[n]=(1/2)n , n=0,1,2,3
a) Calculate y[n]=x[n] h[n] where  denotes circular convolution.
b) Calculate y[n] by DFT.

Q3. Consider the finite length complex exponential sequence


x[n]= ejΩ n 0≤ n ≤ N-1
=0 otherwise
a.) Find DTFT of x[n]
b.) Find DFT of x[n]

Q4. Show that if x[n] is real then its DFT X(k) ssatisfies the relation X[N-k] =X*[k] where *
denotes the complex conjugate.
Q5. a) Find DFT X(k) of x[n] ={0,1,2,3}.
c) Find IDFT x[n] of X(k) obtained in part (a).
Q6. A sequence x[n] is given as x[n]={1,1,-1,-1,-1,1,1,-1}. Determine DFT X(k) of x[n] using
decimation in frequency FFT algorithm.

Q7. Repeat Q6. using decimation in frequency FFT algorithm.


Q8. Given a sequence x[n]={1,2,3,4,4,3,2,1}.Determine X(k) using DIT, FFT algorithm.
Q9. Given a sequence x[n]={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7}, determine X(k) using DIT, FFT algorithm.
Q10. Find the N- point DFT of the following sequence
h[n]= 1/3 for 0 ≤ n ≤2
= 0 otherwise
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial 6

Q1.Find the z-transform of


a) x[n]= (1/2)nu[n]+ (1/3)nu[n]
b) x[n]= (1/3)nu[n]+ (1/2)nu[-n-1]

Q2. Find the z-transform of


x[n]=an a>0
Q3. Find the inverse z-transform of X(z)
a) X(z)=z/(2z2-3z+1) z<1/2
b) X(z)=z/(2z2-3z+1) z>1
Q4. Find the inverse z-transform of
X(z)=(2z3-5z2+z+3) /(z2-3z+2)
Q5. The input x[n] and impulse response h[n] of a discrete time LTI system are given by
x[n] =u[n]
h[n] = αn u [n] 0<α<1
Compute the output y[n].
Q6. The output y[n] of discrete time LTI system is found to be 2(1/3)nu[n] when the input
x[n]=u[n]. Find the impulse response h[n] of the system.
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial 7

Q1. Find the Direct forms 1and 2 realization for the second order filter given by
y[n]=2b cosw0 y[n-1] –b2 y[n-2] +x[n]-b cosw0 x[n-1]
Q2.Obtain the direct forms 1 and 2 realization for the third order IIR transfer function which is
given as
H(z)= (0.28z2+.319z+.04)/(0.5z3+0.3z2+.17z-0.2)
Q3. An IIR filter is characterized by following difference equation:
y[n] =3/4 y[n-1] –(1/8) y[n-2] +x[n] +(1/3) x[n-1] Realize the system in cascade form.
Q4 AnIIR filter is characterized by following difference equation:
y[n]= -0.1 y[n-1] + 0.72 y[n-2] +0.7x[n]-0.25 x[n-2]
Realize the system in parallel form.
Q5.Draw the cascade and parallel realization for the following system function:
H(z)=(1+(1/4)z-1)/ {(1+(1/2)z-1)(1+(1/2)z-1+1/4z-2)}
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial 8

Q1. Obtain the cascade realization of the following system function:


H(z) =1+(5/2)z-1 +2z-2 +2z-3
Q2. Determine the FIR linear phase and cascade realization of the system function which is
expressed as
H(z)=(1 +(1/2)z-1+z-2)(1+(1/4)z-1+z-2)
Q3.The unit sample response of an FIR filter is given as:
h[n]= αn 0≤n ≤ 6
=0 otherwise
a) Draw the direct form of implementation of this system.
b) Show that the corresponding system function is
H(z)=(1-α 2-7)/(1-α7 z-1) z>0
Q4.Find the frequency response of the system defined by the following network:

X[n] z-1 z-1 z-1

z-1 z-1 z-1

-0.1 0.2 0.5

Q5. A linear phase FIR filter has impulse response given by:
h[0]= -0.01
h[1]= 0.02
h[2]= -0.10
h[3]= 0.40
h[4]= -0.10
h[5]=0.02
h[6]=-0.01
Draw the signal flow graph for this system which requires minimum number of multiplications.
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial 9

Q1. Design an IIR filter using Impulse Invariant Method whose analog transfer function is
1
H (s) = .
( s +1)( s + 2)
Q2. Design an IIR filter using Impulse Invariant Method for a sampling frequency of 5
samples/sec whose analog transfer function is
1
H a (s) = .
( s +1)( s + 2)
Q3. Design an IIR digital filter with 3dB bandwidth of 0.25π from an analog filter having the
Ωc
following system response using bilinear transformation H a ( s ) = where Ωc is the analog
s + Ωc
frequency.
Q4. Design a digital chebyshev filter to satisfy the constraints
0.707 ≤| H (e jω ) |≤1 for 0 ≤ω ≤ 0.2π
| H (e jω ) |≤ 0.1 for 0.5π ≤ω ≤π
Q5. Obtain the impulse response of digital filter corresponding to an analog filter with impulse
response ha (t ) = 0.5e −2t and with sampling rate of 1kHz using Impulse Invariance method.
Q6. a. Write down the properties of bilinear transformation.
b. What is warping effect?
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
Digital Signal Processing
Tutorial 10

Q1. Use the window design method to design a linear phase FIR filter of order N=24 to
approximate the following ideal frequency response magnitude
 1 for | ω |≤ 0.2π
| H d (e jω ) |= 
0 for 0.2π ≤| ω |≤ π
Q2. Consider the following specifications for a low pass filter
0.99≤|H(ejω)|≤1.01 0≤|ω|≤0.3π
|H(ejω)|≤0.01 0.35π≤|ω|≤π
Design a linear phase FIR filter to meet these specifications using window design method.
Q3. The following specifications are given for a band pass filter
|H(ejω)|≤0.01 0≤|ω|≤0.2π
0.95≤|H(ejω)|≤1.05 0.3π≤|ω|≤0.7π
|H(ejω)|≤0.02 0.8π≤|ω|≤π
Design a linear phase FIR filter to meet these specifications using Blackman window.
Q4. Repeat Q3 using Kaiser window.
Q5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of FIR filters.
Q6. Design an ideal band pass filter with frequency response
 π 3π
jω 1 for ≤| ω |≤
H d (e )= 4 4
 0otherwise
Find the values of h(n) for N=11.