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THE PRINCIPLES OF AQEEDAH!!

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THE PRINCIPLES OF AQEEDAH
By Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
The additional text in italics after each point is a summary of the words of Ibn
Taymiyyah in his Majmoo' al-Fataawaa
1. Everything which is in accord with the Book and the Authentic Sunnah is accep
ted by them and everything which is in opposition to it is treated as false by t
hem.
The first thing which distinguishes the Ahl us-Sunnah wal- Jamaa'ah from all tho
se besides them is the methodology with which they acquire their sciences (of th
e Deen) and the source of the Truth from which they derive their beliefs, concep
ts, acions of worship, dealings (with the people), their mode of conduct and the
ir manners. The source of Knowledge and Truth in all the various branches of kno
wledge with the Ahl us-Sunnah is the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messen
ger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) . No words other than the words of Allaah come
first and no guidance other that the guidance of the Messenger (sallallaahu ala
yhi wasallam) comes first.
2. There is no one who is free from making mistakes (in the Deen) except the Mes
senger of Allaah (sallallaahu-alaihi-wasallam).
The Ahl us-Sunnah do not regard anyone as being safe from error as regards the D
een except the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) . The scholars are not fr
ee from making mistakes but rather the words of everyone can either be accepted
or rejected except those of the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) . Theref
ore the words and statements of the scholars of the Ahl us-Sunnah by necessity f
ollow or are in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa
sallam) and do not precede or go ahead of it.
3. The Ijmaa' (concensus) of the Salaf us-Saalih (Pious Predecessors) is regarde
d as a Sharee'ah proof which is necessary to hold on to for those who come after
them.
And the Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah believe that the most knowledgeable of the cr
eation as regards the Deen of Allaah after the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasal
lam) are the Companions (ra) and the Salaf us-Saalih. Whatever they united/agree
d upon from any of the affairs or matters of the Deen is free from being wrong a
nd it is not [permissible] for anyone to leave it. Their Ijmaa is a Sharee'ah pr
oof which it is obligatory to hold on to for those who come after them. All thos
e who stick to their Ijmaa are [therefore] those who adhere strictly to their Ja
maa'ah (group).
4. They do not accept or affirm any speech or Ijtihaad (Jurisprudence) except af
ter having thrown it against these three sources: The Book, the Authentic Sunnah
and Ijmaa' of the Salaf.
The Ahl us-Sunnah hold on to the [Sunnah] which the Messenger (sallallaahu alayh
i wasallam) came with and adhere to the [Jamaa'ah] of the Prophet (sallallaahu a
layhi wasallam) and they are the Companions (ra) and whoever follows their way a
nd adopts their methodology. They do not accept any Ijtihaad or any speech regar
dless of whom it comes from except after having referred it to the Book, the Aut
hentic Sunnah and the Ijmaa of the Salaf.
5. They do not contradict the Qur'aan or the Sunnah with their 'Aql (Intellect)
or opinions or analogies.
And (therefore) the Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah do not rely upon, follow or cling
except to the knowledge and the practise of the Salaf us-Saalih and whoever tak
es from them, sticks to their jamaa'ah and travels upon their trail and binds (a
nd restricts) himself to their principles/foundations. And this is because the C
ompanions (ra) learnt the tafseer (explanation) of the Qur'an and the Hadeeth fr
om the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) , then taught it to the Taabi'een
but did not put themselves before Allaah and His Messenger with an opinion, one
s taste, ones intellect, sudden enlightenment (like that of the soofees) or othe
r such things.
6. The Jamaa'ah (The Group that is united upon the Truth, which the Messenger (s
allallaahu-alaihi-wasallam) came with, in terms of speech and action) is the mea
ns of Deliverance in this life and in the Hereafter.
The Ahl us-Sunnah therefore, hold fast to the Jamaa'ah of the Messenger (sallall
aahu alayhi wasallam) turning away from the places of separation and difference,
clinging tightly to the totality of the Book, the Sunnah and Ijmaa (unanimous a
greement of the companions), whilst being far from the places of obscurity and u
nclarity (in the Book and the Sunnah) which separates and divides the united. An
d (this is because) the Jamaa'ah in (their estimation) is the means of Deliveran
ce in this life and the Hereafter.
7. They do not make obligatory the acquaintance with a particular type of knowle
dge upon he who is incapable and which is befitting for the capable person only.
And the Ahl us-Sunnah believe in what the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam)
came with in its entirety, however, they differentiate between the one who is ca
pable and the one who is not with regards to knowing what the Messenger (sallall
aahu alayhi wasallam) came with in a detailed way. And this is a mighty principl
e: many trials have befallen (the Ummah) due to absence of its understanding.
Peace and Blessings upon the Messenger of Allaah, upon his Companions (ra) and a
ll those who follow in their footsteps until the Day of Resurrection.