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Mark Scheme (Results)

January 2011

GCE

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) Paper 1

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January 2011
Publications Code UA026332
All the material in this publication is copyright
© Edexcel Ltd 2011
General Instructions for Marking

1. The total number of marks for the paper is 75.

2. The Edexcel Mathematics mark schemes use the following types of marks:

• M marks: method marks are awarded for ‘knowing a method and attempting to apply it’,
unless otherwise indicated.
• A marks: Accuracy marks can only be awarded if the relevant method (M) marks have been
earned.
• B marks are unconditional accuracy marks (independent of M marks)
• Marks should not be subdivided.

3. Abbreviations

These are some of the traditional marking abbreviations that will appear in the mark schemes.

• bod – benefit of doubt


• ft – follow through
• the symbol will be used for correct ft
• cao – correct answer only
• cso - correct solution only. There must be no errors in this part of the question to obtain
this mark
• isw – ignore subsequent working
• awrt – answers which round to
• SC: special case
• oe – or equivalent (and appropriate)
• dep – dependent
• indep – independent
• dp decimal places
• sf significant figures
• ¿ The answer is printed on the paper
• The second mark is dependent on gaining the first mark
January 2011
Further Pure Mathematics FP1 6667
Mark Scheme

Question
Scheme Marks
Number
1. z = 5 − 3i, w = 2 + 2i
(a) z 2 = ( 5 − 3i )( 5 − 3i )

= 25 − 15i − 15i + 9i 2 An attempt to multiply out the


= 25 − 15i − 15i − 9 brackets to give four terms (or four
M1
terms implied).
zw is M0

= 16 − 30i 16 − 30i A1
Answer only 2/2 (2)

(b) z ( 5 − 3i )
=
w ( 2 + 2i )

( 5 − 3i ) ( 2 − 2i ) z ( 2 − 2i )
= × Multiplies by M1
( 2 + 2i ) ( 2 − 2i ) w ( 2 − 2i )

Simplifies realising that a real


number is needed on the
10 − 10i − 6i − 6
= denominator and applies i 2 = − 1 on M1
4+4
their numerator expression and
denominator expression.

4 − 16i
=
8

1 1 1
= − 2i − 2i or a = and b = −2 or
2 2 2 A1
equivalent
Answer as a single fraction A0
(3)
[5]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 1


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
2.
⎛ 2 0⎞ ⎛ −3 −1⎞
(a) A=⎜ ⎟,B=⎜ ⎟
⎝ 5 3⎠ ⎝5 2⎠

⎛ 2 0 ⎞⎛ −3 −1⎞
AB = ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟
⎝ 5 3 ⎠⎝ 5 2 ⎠

⎛ 2(−3) + 0(5) 2(−1) + 0(2) ⎞ A correct method to multiply out


= ⎜ ⎟ two matrices. Can be implied by M1
⎝ 5(−3) + 3(5) 5(−1) + 3(2) ⎠ two out of four correct elements.

⎛ −6 − 2⎞ Any three elements correct A1


=⎜ ⎟
⎝ 0 1 ⎠ Correct answer A1
Correct answer only 3/3 (3)

Reflection M1
(b) Reflection; about the y-axis.
y-axis (or x = 0 .) A1
(2)

⎛1 0⎞ ⎛1 0⎞
(c) C100 = I = ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ or I B1
⎝0 1⎠ ⎝0 1⎠
(1)
[6]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 2


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
3.
3
f ( x) = 5 x 2 − 4 x 2 − 6, x 0
(a) f (1.6) = − 1.29543081... awrt -1.30 B1
f (1.8) = 0.5401863372... awrt 0.54 B1

Correct linear interpolation method


α − 1.6 1.8 − α
= with signs correct. Can be implied M1
"1.29543081..." "0.5401863372..."
by working below.
⎛ "1.29543081..." ⎞
α = 1.6 + ⎜ ⎟ 0.2
⎝ "0.5401863372..." + "1.29543081..." ⎠

= 1.741143899... awrt 1.741 A1


Correct answer seen 4/4 (4)
1
At least one of ± a x or ± b x M1
2

(b) f ′( x) = 10 x − 6 x 2
1

correct.
Correct differentiation. A1
(2)
(c) f (1.7) = − 0.4161152711... f (1.7) = awrt − 0.42 B1
f ′(1.7) = 9.176957114... f ′(1.7) = awrt 9.18 B1

Correct application of Newton-


⎛ "− 0.4161152711..." ⎞
α 2 = 1.7 − ⎜ ⎟ Raphson formula using their M1
⎝ "9.176957114..." ⎠ values.

= 1.745343491...

= 1.745 (3dp) 1.745 A1 cao


Correct answer seen 4/4 (4)
[10]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 1


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
4. z 2 + p z + q = 0, z1 = 2 − 4i
(a) z2 = 2 + 4i 2 + 4i B1
(1)

(b) ( z − 2 + 4i)(z − 2 − 4i) = 0


An attempt to multiply out brackets
⇒ z 2 − 2 z − 4iz − 2 z + 4 − 8i + 4iz − 8i + 16 = 0 M1
of two complex factors and no i2.
Any one of p = − 4, q = 20. A1
⇒ z 2 − 4 z + 20 = 0
Both p = − 4, q = 20. A1
⇒ z − 4 z + 20 = 0 only 3/3
2 (3)
[4]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 1


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
n
5 ∑ r (r + 1)(r + 5)
r =1

n Multiplying out brackets and an


(a) = ∑r
r =1
3
+ 6 r 2 + 5r attempt to use at least one of the M1
standard formulae correctly.
1 2 1 1
= n (n + 1) 2 + 6. n(n + 1)(2n + 1) + 5. n(n + 1)
4 6 2 Correct expression. A1

1 2 5
= n (n + 1) 2 + n(n + 1)(2n + 1) + n(n + 1)
4 2

1 Factorising out at least n(n + 1) dM1


= n( n + 1) ( n(n + 1) + 4(2n + 1) + 10 )
4

n(n + 1) ( n 2 + n + 8n + 4 + 10 )
1
=
4

n(n + 1) ( n 2 + 9n + 14 )
1
= Correct 3 term quadratic factor A1
4

1
= n(n + 1)(n + 2)(n + 7) * Correct proof. No errors seen. A1
4
(5)

50
(b) Sn = ∑ r (r + 1)(r + 5)
r = 20

= S50 − S19

= 1
4
(50)(51)(52)(57) − 14 (19)(20)(21)(26) Use of S50 − S19 M1

= 1889550 − 51870

= 1837 680 1837 680 A1


Correct answer only 2/2
(2)
[7]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 2


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
6. C : y 2 = 36 x ⇒ a = 36
4
=9

(a) S (9, 0) (9, 0) B1


(1)

x + 9 = 0 or x = − 9
(b) x + 9 = 0 or x = − 9 B1
or ft using their a from part (a).
(1)

Either 25 by itself or PQ = 25 .
(c) PS = 25 ⇒ QP = 25 Do not award if just PS = 25 is B1
seen.
(1)

(d) x-coordinate of P ⇒ x = 25 − 9 = 16 x = 16 B1

Substitutes their x-coordinate into


y 2 = 36(16) M1
equation of C.

y = 576 = 24 y = 24 A1
(3)
Therefore P (16, 24)

(e) Area OSPQ = 12 (9 + 25)24 1


2 ( their a + 25)( their y ) M1
or rectangle and 2 distinct triangles,
correct for their values.
= 408 (units) 2 408 A1
(2)
[8]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 3


Question
Scheme Marks
Number

7. (a) Im

Correct quadrant with (−24, − 7)


-24
B1
Re
indicated.

-7

(1)

(b) arg z = − π + tan −1 ( 247 ) tan −1 ( 247 ) or tan −1 ( 247 ) M1

= − 2.857798544... = − 2.86 (2 dp) awrt -2.86 or awrt 3.43 A1


(2)

(c) w = 4 ,arg w = 5π
6
⇒ r = 4 ,θ = 5π
6

w = r cosθ + i r sin θ

Attempt to apply r cosθ + i r sin θ . M1


w = 4cos ( 56π ) + 4i sin ( 56π )
Correct expression for w. A1
=4 ( ) + 4i (
− 3
2
1
2 )
= − 2 3 + 2i either −2 3 + 2i or awrt − 3.5 + 2i A1
(3)
a = − 2 3, b = 2

z = 25 or
(d) z = (−24) 2 + (−7) 2 = 25 zw = (48 3 + 14) + (14 3 − 48) i or B1
awrt 97.1-23.8i

zw = z × w = (25)(4) Applies z × w or zw M1

= 100 100 A1
(3)
[9]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 4


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
⎛ 2 −2 ⎞
8. A=⎜ ⎟
⎝ −1 3 ⎠
(a) det A = 2(3) − (−1)(−2) = 6 − 2 = 4 4 B1
(1)

1 ⎛3 2⎞
⎜ ⎟ M1
−1 1 ⎛3 2⎞ det A ⎝ 1 2 ⎠
(b) A = ⎜ ⎟
4 ⎝1 2⎠ 1 ⎛3 2⎞
⎜ ⎟ A1
4 ⎝1 2⎠
(2)

72
72 or 72 ( their det A ) M1
(c) Area( R ) = = 18 (units)2 their det A
4
18 or ft answer. A1
(2)

(d) AR = S ⇒ A −1 AR = A −1 S ⇒ R = A −1 S

1 ⎛ 3 2 ⎞ ⎛ 0 8 12 ⎞ At least one attempt to apply A −1 by


R= ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ M1
4 ⎝ 1 2 ⎠ ⎝ 4 16 4 ⎠ any of the three vertices in S .

1 ⎛ 8 56 44 ⎞
= ⎜ ⎟
4 ⎝ 8 40 20 ⎠

⎛ 2 14 11⎞ At least one correct column o.e. A1


=⎜ ⎟
⎝ 2 10 5 ⎠
At least two correct columns o.e. A1

Vertices are (2, 2), (14, 10) and (11, 5).


All three coordinates correct. A1
(4)
[9]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 5


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
9. un +1 = 4un + 2 , u1 = 2 and un = 23 (4n − 1)

n = 1; u1 = 23 (41 − 1) = 23 (3) = 2 Check that un = 23 (4n − 1)


B1
So un is true when n = 1. yields 2 when n = 1.

Assume that for n = k that, uk = 23 (4k − 1) is true


for k ∈ Z + .

Then uk +1 = 4uk + 2

Substituting uk = 23 (4k − 1) into


= 4 ( 23 (4k − 1) ) + 2 M1
un +1 = 4un + 2.

= ( 4) − +2 An attempt to multiply out the


8 k 8
3 3 M1
brackets by 4 or 83

= ( 4 )( 4 ) −
2 k 2
3 3

= 23 4k +1 − 2
3

= 23 (4k +1 − 1) 2
3 (4k +1 − 1) A1

Therefore, the general statement, un = 23 (4n − 1) is


Require ‘True when n=1’, ‘Assume
true when n = k + 1. (As un is true for n = 1, )
true when n=k’ and ‘True when A1
then un is true for all positive integers by n = k + 1 ’ then true for all n o.e.
mathematical induction
(5)
[5]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 6


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
10. xy = 36 at ( 6t , 6
t ).
dy
An attempt at .
36 dy 36 dx
(a) y= = 36 x −1 ⇒ = − 36 x −2 = − 2 M1
x dx x dy dx
or and
dt dt
dy 36 dy
At ( 6t , 6
t ), =− An attempt at . in terms of t M1
dx (6t ) 2 dx
dy 1
dy 1 =− 2 *
So, mT = =− 2 dx t A1
dx t
Must see working to award here
6 1 6
T: y − = − 2 ( x − 6t ) Applies y − = their mT ( x − 6t ) M1
t t t
6 1 6
T: y− = − 2x+
t t t
1 6 6
T: y = − 2x+ +
t t t
1 12
T: y = − 2x+ * Correct solution . A1 cso
t t
(5)
(b) Both T meet at ( −9, 12 ) gives
1 12
12 = − 2
( −9) + Substituting (-9,12) into T. M1
t t
9 12
12 = 2 +
t t
(× t 2 )
12t 2 = 9 + 12t
An attempt to form a “3 term
12t 2 − 12t − 9 = 0 M1
quadratic”
4t 2 − 4t − 3 = 0

(2t − 3)(2t + 1) = 0 An attempt to factorise. M1

t= 3
2
, − 12 t= 3
2
, − 12 A1

6 An attempt to substitute either their


t= 3
⇒ x = 6 ( 32 ) = 9 , y = = 4 ⇒ ( 9, 4 ) M1
2
( )
3
2
t = 32 or their t = − 12 into x and y.
At least one of
A1
t=− 1
⇒ x = 6 ( − 12 ) = − 3 , ( 9, 4 ) or ( −3, − 12 ) .
2

y=
6
= − 12 ⇒ ( −3, − 12 ) Both ( 9, 4 ) and ( −3, − 12 ) . A1
( − 12 )
(7)
[12]

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 7


Other Possible Solutions

Question
Scheme Marks
Number
4. z 2 + p z + q = 0, z1 = 2 − 4i

(a) (i) z2 = 2 + 4i 2 + 4i B1
Aliter
(ii) No i2. Attempt Sum and Product
Product of roots = (2 − 4i)(2 + 4i) M1
Way 2 of roots or Sum and discriminant

= 4 + 16 = 20
or b 2 − 4ac = (8 i)2
Sum of roots = (2 − 4i) + (2 + 4i) = 4

Any one of p = − 4, q = 20. A1


= z 2 − 4 z + 20 = 0
Both p = − 4, q = 20. A1
(4)

4. z 2 + p z + q = 0, z1 = 2 − 4i

(a) (i) z2 = 2 + 4i 2 + 4i B1
Aliter
(ii) An attempt to substitute either
Way 3 (2 − 4i) + p (2 − 4i) + q = 0
2
z1 or z2 into z 2 + p z + q = 0 M1
and no i2.
−12 − 16i + p (2 − 4i) + q = 0

Imaginary part: −16 − 4 p = 0

Real part: −12 + 2 p + q = 0

4 p = − 16 ⇒ p = − 4 Any one of p = − 4, q = 20. A1


q = 12 − 2 p ⇒ q = 12 − 2(−4) = 20 Both p = − 4, q = 20. A1
(4)

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 8


Question
Scheme Marks
Number
Aliter
7. (c) w = 4 ,arg w = 5π
6
and w = a + i b
Way 2
Attempts to write down an equation
w = 4 ⇒ a 2 + b 2 = 16
in terms of a and b for either the M1
modulus or the argument of w.
arg w = 5π
6
⇒ arctan ( ba ) = 5π
6
⇒ b
a
=− 1
3 Either a 2 + b 2 = 16 or b
=− 1
A1
a 3

a = − 3 b ⇒ a 2 = 3b 2

So, 3b 2 + b 2 = 16 ⇒ b 2 = 4

⇒ b = ± 2 and a = ∓ 2 3

As w is in the second quadrant

w = − 2 3 + 2i either −2 3 + 2i or awrt − 3.5 + 2i A1


(3)
a = − 2 3, b = 2

GCE Further Pure Mathematics FP1 (6667) January 2011 9


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