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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman

HALAMAN JUDUL
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN PEMBIMBING LAPANGAN
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN PEMBIMBING & K. PRODI
KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................................... iv
ABSTRAK ................................................................................................. v
DAFTAR ISI .............................................................................................. vi
DAFTAR TABEL ..................................................................................... viii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ................................................................................. ix
DAFTAR LAMBANG/NOTASI .............................................................. x
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ............................................................................. xi
I. PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang ............................................................................ 1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah ...................................................................... 3
1.3 Hipotesis ..................................................................................... 3
1.4 Tujuan Penelitian ........................................................................ 3
1.5 Batasan Masalah ......................................................................... 4
1.6 Manfaat Penelitian ...................................................................... 4
II. ORIENTASI UMUM
2.1 Gambaran Umum Perusahaan .................................................... 5
2.2 Sejarah Singkat Perusahaan......................................................... 6
2.3 Lokasi dan Tata Letak Perusahaan.............................................. 7
2.4 Struktur Organisasi ..................................................................... 9
2.5 Personalia ................................................................................... 12
2.6 Bahan Baku dan Produk yang Dihasilkan................................... 14
III. PROSES PEMBUATAN ETANOL
3.1 Konsep Dasar Proses .................................................................. 17
3.2 Process Flow Diagram ................................................................ 17
3.3 Penjelasan Proses ........................................................................ 20
IV. METODOLOGI PENELITIAN
4.1 Tempat dan Waktu ..................................................................... 26
4.2 Bahan dan Peralatan ................................................................... 26
4.3 Subjek Penelitian ........................................................................ 27
4.4 Variabel Penelitian ..................................................................... 27
4.5 Metode Kerja .............................................................................. 29
4.6 Metode Analisis .......................................................................... 31

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V. PEMBAHASAN
5.1 Boiler Alstom 1 ........................................................................... 32
5.2 Spesifikasi Air Umpan Boiler Alstom 1 ..................................... 33
5.3 Deskripsi Aliran Proses Steam ................................................... 34
5.4 Data – Data perhitungan ............................................................. 36
5.5 Perhitungan Evaluasi .................................................................. 38
5.6 Hasil Penelitian ........................................................................... 50
5.7 Analisis Hasil .............................................................................. 52
VI. PENUTUP
6.1 Simpulan ..................................................................................... 56
6.2 Saran ........................................................................................... 56
DAFTAR PUSTAKA ................................................................................ 58
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR TABEL

Halaman

Tabel 4.1 Spesifikasi Desain Alat Boiler Alstom 1 ..................................... 27


Tabel 5.1 Spesifikasi Air Umpan Boiler Alstom 1....................................... 34
Tabel 5.2 Data Rata-Rata Perhitungan Efisiensi Boiler Alstom 1................ 37
Tabel 5.3 Neraca Komposisi pada Bahan Bakar ......................................... 40
Tabel 5.4 Neraca Komposisi pada Flue Gas ............................................... 44
Tabel 5.5 Neraca Panas (Heat Balance) ..................................................... 50

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman

Gambar 2.1 Peta Lokasi dan Denah PT. Indo Acidatama Tbk.................... 8
Gambar 2.2 Struktur Organisasi Perusahaan............................................... 9
Gambar 3.1 PFD Proses Fermentasi Unit 200............................................. 18
Gambar 3.2 PFD Proses Distilasi Alkohol Unit 300................................... 19
Gambar 5.1 Process Flow Diagram Boiler Plant........................................ 34
Gambar 5.2 Skema Panas Masuk dan Keluar Boiler .................................. 38

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DAFTAR LAMBANG / NOTASI

Notasi Keterangan Satuan


Q Panas masuk atau panas keluar Btu/hr
M Mass flow rate lb/hr
GCV Gross Caloric Value Btu/lb
Cp Kalor jenis pada tekanan konstan Btu/ lb oF
o
T Temperatur F
o
ΔT Beda temperatur F
H Entalpi Btu/lb
Wo Kebutuhan O2 pembakaran teoritis lb O2/hr
Wa Kebuthan udara pembakaran teoritis lb udara/hr
WA Kebutuhan udara pembakaran sebenarnya lb udara/hr
ρ Density / massa jenis Kg/m3
SG Specific Gravity -
P Tekanan Kg/cm2,Psia

Subscript
bb Bahan bakar
fw Feed water
u Uap / H2O(g)
bd Blowdown
b Boiler
s Steam
Av Rata-rata

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1. Data-Data Pengamatan Harian di Lapangan


Lampiran 2. Table of Saturated Steam
Lampiran 3. Table of Saturated Steam,Continued
Lampiran 4. Grafik Specific Heat of Gases at 1 atm
Lampiran 5. Grafik Entalphy Combustion of Flue Gas
Lampiran 6. Grafik Entalphy Combustion of Flue Gas, Continued

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