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SULIT 55/2

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SCIENCE
Kertas 2
Ogos
2008
1
1
2
Nama :

Kelas :

jam

SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN BARU BINTULU

PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2008

SAINS

Kertas 2 Jumlah

Satu jam tiga puluh minit

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI


SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 16 halaman bercetak.
55/2 @ 2008 Hak Cipta Jawatankuasa S M K BARU BINTULU
1 Tuliskan nombor kad pengenalan dan angka Kod Pemeriks
giliran anda pada ruang yang disediakan.
a
2 Kertas ini mengandungi lapan soalan. Bahagian No. Markah Markah
Soalan penuh diperoleh
3 Jawab semua soalan.
1 6
4 Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di
2 6
halaman 2.
3 7
A
Disediakan oleh : Disemak oleh : Disahkan oleh : 4 8
5 7
…………………. ……………….. ..........................
(Pn Tiong Kiong) ( En. Lee Ping Kiong) [ Cikgu Wan.] 6 6

1
7 8
B
8 12
60

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[ SULIT]

2
For
SULIT Examiner’s
3 Use
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Section A
[40 marks]

Answer all questions.


The time suggested to complete this section is 60 minutes.

1 Diagram 1 shows three human systems K, L and M.

K: L: M:

DIAGRAM 1
(a) On Diagram 1, name the systems K, L and M using the following words. 1(a)

Excretory system Respiratory system Nervous system


[ 3 marks ]
(b) Draw lines to match systems K, L and M with their functions.
Draw the line as shown below.

Systems Functions

K Removes excretory products from the body


1 (b)

L Transmits messages in the body

M Inhales oxygen and exhales carbon dioxide

[ 2 marks] 1 (c)

(c) Name an organ that belongs to both the excretory and respiratory systems.

……………………………………………………………………………… Total A1
[ 1 mark]
6
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4

2. Diagram 2.1 shows an experiment set up to investigate respiration in living things. For
A cockroach is placed in test tube X. Wire gauze is placed between the cockroach Examiner’s
and cotton wool. The cotton wool is soaked with sodium hydroxide solution. Use
The result is shown in Table 2.2

Diagram 2.1
Boiling tube Observation of the coloured water droplet
X Moves towards the boiling tube
Y Does not move

Table 2.2
2 (a)
(a) Why is cotton wool soaked with sodium hydroxide solution is used in this
experiment?
…………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]
2 (b)
(b) Based on Table 2.2,why is the coloured water droplet move towards
2 (b)i
boiling tube X but does not move in test tube Y?
………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark]
2 (c)
(c) Based on this experiment, what is the gas needed by living things for respiration?

………………………………………………………………………………….

[ 1 mark]
2 (d)
(d) Suggest one other living thing that can be used to replace the cockroach in
this experiment.

………………………………………………………………………………….
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(e) Diagram 2.3 shows the relationship between the process of photosynthesis
and respiration. Write down one the products formed after photosynthesis (i)
and respiration (ii) in the space provided below.

2 (e)
Diagram 2.3

[ 2 marks]

Total A2

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Examiner’s
Use
3. Diagram 3.1 shows the treatment of water at a water treatment plant The water is
pumped from the dam and undergo treatment before it is distributed to the
consumers.

DIAGRAM 3.1

(a) (i) In the space provided, label two of the processes in the treatment of water
3 (a)(i)
shown in Diagram 3.1 based on the following list.

Sedimentation filtration coagulation


[ 2 marks ]

(ii) Name one chemical that is added into tank P to coagulate the sediment or solid 3 (a)(ii)
particles.

…………………………………………………………………………………….

[ 1 mark ]

(iii) State the function of chlorine in the water treatment process. 3 (a)(iii)

…………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark ]
(b) Diagram 3.2 shows an activity to study the effect of humidity on the rate of For
Examiner’s
evaporation on moist filter paper in bell jar P and Q.
Use

Diagram 3.2

(i) What would be observed in bell jar P and bell jar Q after one hour?
Give your reason. 3 (b) i

.
………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………….
[ 2 marks]

(ii) State one other factor that influences the rate of evaporation. 3 (b) ii

……………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark]

Total A3

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6 For
4. You are given two batteries, two bulbs, an ammeter and a switch as shown in Examiner’s
Use
Diagram 4.1.

Ammeter
Two batteries

Switch Two bulbs

Diagram 4.1

(a) (i). Using the symbols of the all the electrical components in Diagram 4.1,
draw a complete electrical circuit in series

A complete circuit in series

4(a) i
[ 2 marks]

(ii) Refer to the complete circuit you have drawn above, if the voltage
of each dry cell is 1.5V and the ammeter reading is 1.5A. 4(a)ii
Using ohm’s law, calculate the value of the resistance?

Resistance = Voltage
Current

=
[2 marks]

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(b) Diagram 4.2 shows the arrangement of apparatus for an experiment to investigate For
the relationship between current and resistance in a circuit. Examiner’s
Use

Diagram 4.2
4(b) i
(i) What will happen to the ammeter reading when the jockey glides
from point P to point Q?

………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]
(ii) What is the effect on the amount of current if the length of 4(b) ii
nichrome wire increase?

………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]

(iii) What is the relationship between the length of nichrome wire and the 4(b)iii iii
resistance of a circuit?

………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]

(iv) What electrical component can be used to perform the function of changing 4(b) iv
the resistance of a circuit?

………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]

Total A4

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For
Examiner’s
5 Diagram 5.1 below shows the electrical energy transmission and distribution system.
Use

DIAGRAM 5.1

(a)(i)Based on the above diagram, what component is represented by Q? 5 (a)i

…………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark ]

(ii) State the function of one of component Q or S? 5 (a)ii

Q: …………………………………………………………………………………

S:………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1mark]

(iii) What is the voltage of the alternating current supplied to houses? 5 (a)iii
………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark]

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(b) (i) Diagram 5.2 shows a transformer, Identify the labelled parts with the correct words.

5 (b)i

[ 2 marks]

(ii) What type of transformer is shown in diagram 5.2? Give one reason
for your answer.
5 (b)ii
…………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 2 marks]

Total A5

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8 For
6. Diagram 6.1 shows the set up of an experiment. A few drops of dilute Examiner’s
hydrochloric acid was added from the burette into the alkali solution in Use
a conical flask.

DIAGRAM 6.1

Table 6.2 shows the results of the experiment.

Burette reading Value / millilitre


Final reading 35
Initial reading 10
Table 6.

6 (a)i
(a) (i) Name the process that take place when acid reacts with alkali.

……………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark] 6 (a)ii
) What is the volume of hydrochloric acid used to neutralize the alkali?
……………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]
(iii) How would know that excess hydrochloric acid was added to the 6 (a)iii
alkali solution?
…………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark]
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(b) State the purpose of using the universal indicator in the experiment.
6 (b)
………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark]
(c) Write down the word equation for the reaction in this experiment.
6 (c)
Acid + Alkali +

[ 2 marks]

Total A6

6
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For
Examiner’s Section B
Use
[ 20 marks ]

Answer all questions.


The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes.

7. Diagram 7 shows four types of plants P, Q, R and S.

P Q R S

DIAGRAM 7

(a) Observe the plants in Diagram 7. State the types of support system
7(a) for each of the plants labeled P,Q R and S.

(i) P : ………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Q : ………………………………………………………………………
(iii) R : ………………………………………………………………………
(iv) S : ………………………………………………………………………
[ 4 marks ]

(b) Classify the plants P, Q, R and S into two groups based on their common
characteristics. Write the names of the plants belonging to each group.

P, Q, R and S
7(b)

Common (i) (ii)


characteristics

Total B1
Names of
the plants
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8
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For
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Use

8. (a) Diagram 8.1 shows two identical wet T-shirts. The T-shirt in situation X is black in
colour while the T-shirt in situation Y is white in colour.

Diagram 8.1
(i) Based on your observation in Diagram 8.1, state the difference in heat absorption 8(b)i

by T-shirt in situation X and situation Y.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[ 1 mark] 8(b)ii
(ii) What inference can be made based on situation X and situation Y?

…………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark]
(iii)State one hypothesis based on your observation in diagram 8.1 8(b)iii

…………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 1 mark]

(b)A group of students carried out an experiment to investigate the situation


shown in Diagram 8.1. Diagram 8.2 shows an experiment to determine the heat
absorption rate of different types of surfaces.

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Diagram 8.2
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For
The following steps were carried out: Examiner’s
1. Two conical flasks with dull black surface and silvery white surface Use
respectively were placed equal distant from the flame of a Bunsen burner.
2. The flame of the burner was covered with a wire gauze.
3. The temperature of the two thermometers in the conical flasks were taken
every 5 minutes for 15 minutes. The results were recorded in Table 8.3
(i) Record the temperatures in the spaces provided.

2.
3.
4. (ii) Complete Table 8.3 by recording the temperature at the respective time.

Time(min) 0 5 10 15
8 (b) ii
Temperature in conical flasks with
dull black surface (0C)
Temperature in conical flasks with
silvery white surface (0C)
Table 8.3 [ 3 marks ] sebelah ]
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(iii)Based on the readings in Table 8.3, draw a line graph to show the increase in

temperature for the conical flasks with different types of surfaces.

8 (B) iii

[ 2 marks]

(iv) State the effect of surface nature on the rate of absorbing heat. 8 (B) iv

…………………………………………………………………………….

[ 1 mark]

(v) State the variables involved in the experiment.


8 (B) v
Manipulated variable

Responding variable
8 (B) vi
[ 2 marks]

(vi) Based on Diagram 8.2, state the operational definition of heat absorption.

………………………………………………………………………………… Total (B)2


[ 1 mark]
12

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES

1. This questions paper consists of two sections : Section A and Section B.

2. Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper.

3. Show your working, it may help you to get marks.

4. If you wish to cancel any answer, neatly cross out the answer.

5. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.

6. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.

7. The time suggested to complete Section A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes.

8. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.

9. Hand in all answer sheets at the end of the examination.

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