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1 Which range of port numbers are reserved for services that are commonly used by applications that run on
servers?
0 to 255
0 to 1023
1024 to 49151
49152 to 65535

Refer to the exhibit. The diagram represents the process of sending e-mail between clients. Which list correctly
identifies the component or protocol used at each numbered stage of the diagram?
1.MUA 2.MDA 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.POP 7.MDA 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.POP 3.MDA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MDA 7.SMTP 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.POP 3.SMTP 4.MDA 5.MTA 6.SMTP 7.POP 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.SMTP 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MDA 7.POP 8.MUA

3 During the encapsulation process, what identifiers are added at the transport layer?
source and destination IP addresses
source and destination MAC addresses
source and destination port numbers
source and destination channel identifiers

Observable Description Max Value

Page 1 of 82
2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.4 Getting the Data to the Right Application


4

Refer to the exhibit. Which two layers of the OSI model describe the same functions as the
transport and internet layers of the TCP/IP model? (Choose two.)
application layer
presentation layer
session layer
transport layer
network layer
data link layer
physical layer

Observable Description Max Value


Option 4 and Option 5 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.4.8 Comparing the OSI Model with the TCP/IP Model


5

Page 2 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Host A is requesting a web page from the web server. Which option represents
the socket to which the request is made?
80
www.cisco.com
10.0.0.130
10.0.0.130:80

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.2 WWW Service and HTTP

• 4.1.5 Port Addressing


6 When connectionless protocols are implemented at the lower layers of the OSI model, what is
usually used to acknowledge that the data was received and to request the retransmission of
missing data?
IP
UDP
Ethernet
a connectionless acknowledgement
an upper-layer, connection-oriented protocol or service

Page 3 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
2 points for Option 5
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.1.4 The IP v4 Protocol - Best Effort


7 To send data through a network, what two flags are used to establish a session? (Choose two.)
ACK
CRC
SYN
Ack #
Port #
Seq #

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1 and Option 3 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork


8 Which TCP/IP model layer creates additional overhead on network resources due to
acknowledgments, tracking, and retransmission of data?
internet
transport
application
network access

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 4.1.3 Supporting Reliable Communication


9 What information is contained in the header of Layer 3 to help data delivery?
port number
Page 4 of 82
device physical address
destination host logical address
virtual connection identifier

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.3 Getting the Data through the Internetwork


10

Refer to the exhibit. Which Layer 2 protocol could be used inside nework A and network C?
IP
TCP
UDP
Ethernet

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.1.5 Physical Implementations of Ethernet


11 Which statement is true about the ICMP protocol?
Page 5 of 82
It is an application layer protocol.
It is designed to make IP a reliable protocol.
It is often filtered out of networks for security purposes.
If a host does not respond to an ICMP echo request, the host is not functioning.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.6.5 ICMPv4 - The Protocol Supporting Testing and Messaging


12 What happens when a node on an Ethernet network is creating a frame and it does not have the
destination MAC address?
The node drops the frame.
The node sends out a Layer 3 broadcast message.
The node sends a message directly to the router for the address.
The node sends out an ARP request with the destination IP address.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.7.1 The ARP Process - Mapping IP to MAC Addresses


13

Page 6 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Host A attempts to establish a TCP/IP session with host C. During this attempt, a
frame was captured with the source MAC address 0050.7320.D632 and the destination MAC address
0030.8517.44C4. The packet inside the captured frame has an IP source address 192.168.7.5, and the
destination IP address is 192.168.219.24. At which point in the network was this packet captured?
leaving host A
leaving ATL
leaving Dallas
leaving NYC

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork


14

Page 7 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. All devices in the network use default configurations. How many broadcast
domains are there in this topology?
3
5
7
9
11

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.3.2 How Many Networks?


15 Which application belongs to the category of the client/server model?
using Telnet to access a router
exchanging information via instant messaging
printing a document to a locally connected printer
scanning a document with a directly connected scanner

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 1
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.2.1 The Client-Server Model

Page 8 of 82
• 3.2.3 Application Layer Services and Protocols
16

Refer to the exhibit. A router, the table of which is shown, receives a packet that is destined for
192.168.9.4. How will the router treat the packet?
It will drop the packet.
It will forward the packet via FastEthernet 0/1.
It will forward the packet to the next hop address.
It will forward the packet to 172.16.2.0

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.5 The Destination Network


17 Which option shows how a router will route packets to a remote network?

Page 9 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.4 A Route - The Path to a Network


18

Refer to the exhibit. When computer A sends a frame to computer D, what computers receive the
frame?
only computer D
only computer A and computer D
only computer B, computer C, and computer D
all computers

Observable Description Max Value

Page 10 of 82
correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.3 Switches - Selective Forwarding


19 Which topology divides the collision domain and provides full media bandwidth to the hosts in the
network?

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.2 Ethernet - Using Switches


20 Which device should be used for enabling a host to communicate with another host on a
different network?
switch
Page 11 of 82
hub
router
host

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.3 A Gateway - The Way Out of Our Network


21

Refer to the exhibit. Communication for hosts X and Y is restricted to the local network. What is the
reason for this?
Host X is assigned a network address.
Host Y is assigned a multicast address.
Host X and host Y belong to different networks.
The gateway addresses are broadcast addresses.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.1 Types of Addresses in an IPv4 Network


22 In a network design project, a network designer needs to select a device to provide collision free
connections to 40 hosts on the LAN. Which device should be selected?
hub
router

Page 12 of 82
switch
firewall

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.2 Ethernet - Using Switches


23 What happens when a host station receives a frame that contains its own MAC address in the
destination field?
The Layer 2 information is removed and the frame is pushed up to Layer 3.
The host station will copy the information to its buffers and send it back out.
The frame originated from the host and will be ignored.
The Layer 3 information is added to the frame.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 1
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.2 Getting the Data to the End Device


24

Refer to the exhibit. Which option correctly identifies the network address, range of host addresses,
and the broadcast address for the network that contains host A?

Page 13 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.1 Basic subnetting


25 A network administrator is asked to design a new addressing scheme for a corporate network.
There are 60 users in the main office, 40 users in the branch office, 28 users in manufacturing,
12 in the sales office, and 4 users in the research office. Which VLSM addressing scheme that
uses the 192.168.88.0/24 network will fulfill the requirements while wasting the fewest
addresses?
192.168.88.0/26 main
192.168.88.32/26 branch
192.168.88.64/26 manufacturing
192.168.88.96/27 sales
192.168.88.128/28 research
192.168.88.0/26 main
192.168.88.64/26 branch
192.168.88.128/27 manufacturing
192.168.88.160/28 sales
192.168.88.176/29 research
192.168.88.0/27 main
192.168.88.32/27 branch
192.168.88.64/28 manufacturing
192.168.88.80/29 sales
192.168.88.88/30 research
192.168.88.0/27 main
192.168.88.64/28 branch
192.168.88.80/28 manufacturing
192.168.88.96/29 sales
192.168.88.104/30 research
Page 14 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.3 Subnetting - Subnetting a Subnet


26 Which combination of network id and subnet mask correctly identifies all IP addresses from
172.16.128.0 through 172.16.159.255?
172.16.128.0 255.255.255.224
172.16.128.0 255.255.0.0
172.16.128.0 255.255.192.0
172.16.128.0 255.255.224.0
172.16.128.0 255.255.255.192

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.1 Basic subnetting


27

Refer to the exhibit. A host is connected to hub 1. Which combination of IP address, subnet mask,
and default gateway can allow this host to function in the network?
IP address: 172.16.31.36 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.240 Default gateway: 172.16.31.35
IP address: 172.16.31.63 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.224 Default gateway: 172.16.31.35
IP address: 172.16.31.29 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.248 Default gateway: 172.16.31.35

Page 15 of 82
IP address: 172.16.31.32 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.224 Default gateway: 172.16.31.35
IP address: 172.16.31.29 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.240 Default gateway: 172.16.30.1
IP address: 172.16.31.37 Subnet mask: 255.255.255.224 Default gateway: 172.16.31.35

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 6
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.7 Assigning Addresses


28

Refer to the exhibit. A user wants to access the Internet from the PC. A part of the running
configuration of the router is shown. Which default gateway IP address should be configured at the
PC to enable this access?
10.1.192.1
10.1.192.2
10.1.192.54
192.31.7.1

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.4 Testing Gateway and Remote Connectivity


29 Which of the following are the address ranges of the private IP addresses? (Choose three.)
10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
200.100.50.0 to 200.100.25.255

Page 16 of 82
150.150.0.0 to 150.150.255.255
172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
127.16.0.0 to 127.31.255.255

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1, Option 4, and Option 5 are
correct.
correctness of
1 1 point for each correct option. 3
response
0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses


30

Refer to the exhibit. Host C is able to ping 127.0.0.1 successfully, but is unable to communicate with
hosts A and B in the organization. What is the likely cause of the problem?
Hosts A and B are not on the same subnet as host C.
The IP addresses on the router serial interfaces are wrong.
The subnet mask on host C is improperly configured.
The FastEthernet interface fa0/0 of router 1 is wrongly configured.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.3 Subnetting - Subnetting a Subnet


31 Which prompt represents the appropriate mode used for the copy running-config startup-
Page 17 of 82
config command ?
Switch-6J>
Switch-6J#
Switch-6J(config)#
Switch-6J(config-if)#
Switch-6J(config-line)#

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.2 Testing the Interface Assignment


32 A user sees the command prompt: Router(config-if)# . What task can be performed at this
mode?
Reload the device.
Perform basic tests.
Configure individual interfaces.
Configure individual terminal lines.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.7 IOS Configuration Modes


33 Which configuration mode is used to set a password to authenticate users that are accessing and
configuring the network device using a Telnet connection?
VTY line mode
interface mode
console line mode
global configuration mode

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 1
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


Page 18 of 82
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access - Configuring Passwords and Using Banners


34 An administrator has made changes to a device. The changes did not have the desired effect.
What can the administrator do to restore the configuration saved in NVRAM?
Issue the erase flash command.
Issue the reload command and respond no to the prompt that follows.
Issue the erase start-up config command.
Issue the copy running-config start-up config command.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.3 Managing Configuration Files


35 Which router component will have contents erased when the command erase startup-config is
issued?
flash
RAM
ROM
NVRAM

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.3 Managing Configuration Files


36 Two routers are connected via their serial ports in a lab environment. The routers are configured
with valid IP addresses, but they cannot ping each other. The show interface serial0/0
command shows that the serial0/0 interface is up but the line protocol is down. What could be
the cause of this problem?
The no shutdown command has not been applied to the interfaces.
The clock rate command has not been entered on the DCE interface.
The interface timers are not cleared.
The FastEthernet interface is emulating a serial interface by assigning it a timing signal.

Observable Description Max Value

Page 19 of 82
2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.4.2 Capturing and Interpreting Trace Information


37 Which password is automatically encrypted when it is created?
vty
aux
console
enable secret
enable password

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access - Configuring Passwords and Using Banners


38 To enhance security in a network, the network administrator uses these commands:

Router(config)# line console 0


Router(config-line)# password j1mdi2
Router(config-line)# login

What two conclusions are evident from these commands? (Choose two.)
Users who attempt to connect to the console port of the router must enter a password.
The entries permit access through the console by the use of j1mdi2 as the password.
The entries eliminate the need for authentication.
Access through the console will be denied because the console configuration is
incomplete.
The entries prevent passwords from being displayed as plain text.

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1 and Option 2 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

Page 20 of 82
• 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access - Configuring Passwords and Using Banners
39

Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator remotely accesses the CLI of RouterB from PC1 using
Telnet. Which statement is true about this connection?
The data is automatically encrypted.
A Telnet server process is running on PC1.
The connection is made through a VTY session on the router.
A GET request was sent to RouterB to retrieve data during this session.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.1 Cisco IOS


40 Which physical component is used to access and perform the initial configuration on a new
unconfigured router?

Page 21 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.1 Cisco IOS


41

Refer to the exhibit. RouterB is configured properly. The Ethernet interface Fa0/0 of RouterA is
configured with the use of the commands that are shown. However, a ping from the Fa0/0 interface
of RouterA to the Fa0/0 interface of RouterB is unsuccessful. What action should be taken on
RouterA to solve this problem?
Use the description command on the FastEthernet interface Fa0/0.
Configure the clock rate of the FastEthernet interface Fa0/0.
Use the no shutdown command on the FastEthernet interface Fa0/0.
Reboot the router.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.2 Testing the Interface Assignment


Page 22 of 82
42

Refer to the exhibit. A PC is connected to a network. Which action will verify that the PC can
communicate with its default gateway?
Use the ping 127.0.0.1 command.
Use the ipconfig command.
Use the ipconfig/all command.
Use the ping 10.0.0.254 command.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.6.2 Ping Gateway - Testing Connectivity to the Local LAN


43 What information can be gathered by using the command netstat?
the default gateway
the routing protocol
active TCP connections
the locally configured subnet mask

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 4.1.5 Port Addressing


44

Page 23 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. While configuring a network, a technician wired each end of a Category 5e
cable as shown. Which two statements are true about this setup? (Choose two.)
The cable is suitable for connecting a switch to a router Ethernet port.
The cable is suitable for connecting dissimilar types of devices.
The cable is unusable and must be rewired.
The cable is terminated in a way that the transmit pin is wired to the receive pin.
The cable simulates a point-to-point WAN link.

Observable Description Max Value


Option 1 and Option 2 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.2 Making LAN Connections


45 Which two types of media can provide bandwidth up to 1 Gb/s? (Choose two.)
10 BASE-T
100 BASE-T
100 BASE-FX
1000 BASE-TX
1000 BASE-SX

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 4 and Option 5 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.1 LAN and WAN - Getting Connected


46 Which option correctly identifies the interface or interfaces used to connect the router to a CSU/DSU
WAN connectivity?

Page 24 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.3 Making WAN Connections


47 Which service is used when the nslookup command is issued on a computer?
FTP
DNS
DHCP
Telnet

Page 25 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.1 DNS Services and Protocol


48

Refer to the exhibit. The tracert command is initiated from PC1 to PC4. Which device will send a
response to the initial tracert packet from PC1?
Athens
Ankara
London
Paris
PC4

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.6.4 Traceroute (tracert) - Testing the Path


49

Page 26 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Which list refers only to end devices?
D,E,F,G
A,H,B,C
A,D,E,F
A,D,E,G

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.1.5 Intermediary Devices and their Role on the Network


50 How can ARP be used to help document the network?
It can list each hop on the way to a destination host.
It can show the average latency of hosts on the network.
It can provide a list of physical addresses on the network.
It can indicate which hosts are not responding to network traffic.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

***************************************************************************************
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************************************************************Cisco Networking Academy
content is copyrighted and the unauthorized posting, distribution or sharing of this exam content is
prohibited.

Page 27 of 82
1

Refer to the exhibit. The diagram represents the process of sending email between clients. Select the
list below that correctly identifies the component or protocol used at each numbered stage of the
diagram.
1.MUA 2.MDA 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.POP 7.MDA 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.POP 3.MDA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MDA 7.SMTP 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.POP 3.SMTP 4.MDA 5.MTA 6.SMTP 7.POP 8.MUA
1.MDA 2.SMTP 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MUA 7.POP 8.MDA
1.MUA 2.SMTP 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MDA 7.POP 8.MUA

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 5
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.3 E-mail Services and SMTP/POP Protocols


2

Refer to the exhibit. Which layered network model is shown in the diagram?
Cisco

Page 28 of 82
IETF
OSI
TCP/IP

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
1 correctness of response 2
0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.4.2 Protocol and Reference Models


3 Which application layer protocol allows administrators to log into a server from remote
locations and control a server as though logged in locally?
DNS
FTP
DHCP
SMTP
Telnet

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 5
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.1.1 OSI and TCP/IP Model


4 A network has grown too large for technicians to configure network addresses and hosts files
for name resolution. Which two application layer services should be added to the server to
allow these needs to be satisfied dynamically? (Choose two.)
DNS
FTP
DHCP
HTTP
SMTP

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1 and Option 3 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

Page 29 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.1 DNS Services and Protocol

• 3.3.5 DHCP
5 Which OSI layer uses the header information to reassemble the data segments into streams?
application layer
network layer
presentation layer
session layer
transport layer

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 5
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 4.1.2 Controlling the Conversations


6 Well-known services and applications use which range of TCP/UDP port numbers?
0 to 255
0 to 1023
1024 to 49151
49152 to 65535

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 4.1.5 Port Addressing


7 Which TCP/IP model layer creates additional overhead on network resources due to
acknowledgments, tracking, and retransmission of data?
internet
transport
application
network access

Observable Description Max Value

Page 30 of 82
2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 4.1.3 Supporting Reliable Communication


8 What information is contained in the header of Layer 3 to help data delivery?
port number
device physical address
destination host logical address
virtual connection identifier

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.3 Getting the Data through the Internetwork


9 Which OSI layer addressing is required to route packets between two networks?
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.3 Getting the Data through the Internetwork


10 Which two functions of the OSI model occur at layer two? (Choose two.)
physical addressing
encoding
routing
cabling
media access control

Page 31 of 82
Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1 and Option 5 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.1.1 Data Link Layer - Supporting and Connecting to Upper Layer Services
11

Refer to the exhibit. Host A is trying to send data to host E. When host A sends out an ARP request,
what response should be received?
00-08-a3-d6-ab-17
00-10-7b-e7-fa-ef
00-0d-88-c7-9a-24
Destination Unreachable from RouterA

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.4.3 Learning About the Nodes on the Network


12

Page 32 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Host A uses router A as its default gateway. If host A sends an ICMP echo
request to 172.16.10.0, what ICMP response will host A receive.
echo reply
source quench
route redirection
destination unreachable

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.1 Test the Stack


13

Refer to the exhibit. Assume all devices are using default configurations. How many subnets are
required to address the topology that is shown?
1
3
4
5

Page 33 of 82
7

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.3.2 How Many Networks?


14

Refer to the exhibit. Which type of network design is shown?


client/server
wide area
dedicated server
peer-to-peer

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.2.4 Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications (P2P)


15 A network technician is tasked with setting up a network for six users, but the users should be
able to use their accounts to log on from any of the six computers. What type of network should
be used?
workgroup
P2P applications
peer-to-peer network
client-server network

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option
Page 34 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.2.2 Servers
16

Refer to the exhibit. All routers in the network are configured with the correct IP addresses and
routing protocol. Host A sends a packet to host B. Which exhibited steps will be executed on each of
the routers in the network?
Routers R1 and R2 execute all six steps.
Routers R1 and R2 execute steps 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6.
Router R1 executes steps 1,2,3,4, and 6. Router R2 executes all six steps.
Router R1 executes all six steps. Router R2 executes steps 1,2,3,4, and 6.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.7 Packet Forwarding - Moving the Packet Toward its Destination


17

Page 35 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Host A is configured with the correct IP address for the default gateway of the
router R1 FastEthernet0/1 interface. How will a packet that is sent from host A to host B be handled
by the devices on the network?
R1 will drop the packet because R1 does not have a specific route in its routing table to the
10.1.1.0/24 network.
R1 will forward the packet to its default gateway, the next hop router R2. R2 will forward the
packet to the directly connected network 10.1.1.0/24.
R1 will forward the packet to its default gateway, the next hop router R2. R2 will drop the
packet because it does not have a default route to network 10.1.1.0/24.
R1 will forward the packet to its default gateway, the next hop router R2. R2 will drop the
packet because it does not have a route that is learned by a routing protocol to network
10.1.1.0/24.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.5 The Destination Network


18

Refer to the exhibit. Host A sends a frame with the destination MAC address as FFFF.FFFF.FFFF.
What action will the switch take for this frame?
It will drop the frame.
It will send the frame back to host A.
It will send the frame to all hosts except host A.
It will forward the frame to the default gateway.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

Page 36 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.3 Switches - Selective Forwarding


19

Refer to the exhibit. When host A sends a frame addressed for host D, which hosts will receive the
frame?
only host D
only hosts A and D
only hosts B, C, and D
all hosts

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.3.4 Another Layer of Addressing


20 Which topology represents a collision-free environment?

Page 37 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.2 Ethernet - Using Switches


21 What action is taken by a host on an Ethernet network when the host attempts to contact a
remote host on another network?
The packet is sent using the IP and MAC address of the destination host.
The packet is sent using the IP address and MAC address of the default gateway.
The packet is sent using the IP address of the destination host and MAC address of the
default gateway.
The packet is sent using the IP address of the default gateway and the MAC address of the
destination host.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork


22 Which device should be used for enabling a host to communicate with another host on a
different network?
switch
hub

Page 38 of 82
router
host

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.3 A Gateway - The Way Out of Our Network


23 Which three IPv4 addresses represent subnet broadcast addresses? (Choose three.)
192.168.4.63 /26
192.168.4.129 /26
192.168.4.191 /26
192.168.4.51 /27
192.168.4.95 /27
192.168.4.221 /27

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1, Option 3, and Option 5 are
correct.
correctness of
1 1 point for each correct option. 3
response
0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.1 Types of Addresses in an IPv4 Network


24

Refer to the exhibit. A network technician is trying to determine the correct IP address configuration
for Host A. What is a valid configuration for Host A?
IP address: 192.168.100.19; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248; Default Gateway: 192.16.1.2
IP address: 192.168.100.20; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 192.168.100.17

Page 39 of 82
IP address: 192.168.100.21; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248; Default Gateway: 192.168.100.18
IP address: 192.168.100.22; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 10.1.1.5
IP address: 192.168.100.30; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 192.168.1.1
IP address: 192.168.100.31; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 192.168.100.18

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.3.3 Assigning Addresses to Other Devices


25 An organization has been assigned network ID 10.10.128.0 and subnet mask 255.255.224.0.
Which IP address range can be used for this organization?
10.10.128.0 to 10.10.160.255
10.10.128.0 to 10.10.159.255
10.10.128.0 to 10.10.192.255
10.10.128.0 to 10.10.0.159
10.10.128.0 to 10.10.159.0

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.4.1 Calculating Addresses: Case 1


26

Refer to the exhibit. A host is using NAT to connect to the Internet. Which three IP addresses

Page 40 of 82
enable this connection? (Choose three.)
10.1.1.63
10.1.1.37
10.1.1.39
10.1.1.32
10.1.1.60
10.1.1.2

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 2, Option 3, and Option 5 are
correct.
correctness of
1 1 point for each correct option. 3
response
0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.3.1 Planning to Address the Network


27

Refer to the exhibit. A user wants to access the Internet from the PC. A part of the running
configuration of the router is shown. Which default gateway IP address should be configured at the
PC to enable this access?
10.1.192.1
10.1.192.2
10.1.192.54
192.31.7.1

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

Page 41 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.4 Testing Gateway and Remote Connectivity


28

Refer to the exhibit. What function does router RT_A need to provide to allow Internet access for
hosts in this network?
address translation
DHCP services
ftpd
web server

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses


29

Refer to the exhibit. The router of the company failed and was replaced. After the replacement, hosts
C and D in the Education office are able to ping each other, but they are unable to access the hosts in

Page 42 of 82
the Accounts office. What is the likely cause of the problem?
The IP address at the fa0/0 interface of the router is incorrectly configured.
The subnet mask at the fa0/1 interface of the router is incorrectly entered.
The IP address at the serial interface of the router is incorrectly configured.
The hosts in the Accounts office are not on the same subnet as the hosts in the Education office.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.3 Subnetting - Subnetting a Subnet


30

Refer to the exhibit. Host A is able to access resources on the local LAN but is unable to access any
resources on the Internet. What is the likely cause of this problem?
The host subnet mask in incorrect.
The network uses private addresses.
The host address is a network address.
The default gateway is on a different subnet from the host.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

Page 43 of 82
• 6.6.2 Ping Gateway - Testing Connectivity to the Local LAN
31 What is the Cisco IOS?
system software for Cisco devices
Read Only Memory in Cisco devices
non-volatile storage for device configurations
an initial operating system that is used for boot functions

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 1
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.1 Cisco IOS


32 A user sees the command prompt: Router(config-if)# . What task can be performed at this
mode?
Reload the device.
Perform basic tests.
Configure individual interfaces.
Configure individual terminal lines.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.7 IOS Configuration Modes


33 What is the consequence of issuing the erase startup-config command in privileged EXEC
mode on a Cisco router?
Data stored in RAM will be removed.
Data stored in NVRAM will be erased.
Information in flash memory will be removed.
Flags in the configuration register will be set to 0.
Both the startup-config and the running-config will be erased.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option
Page 44 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.3 Managing Configuration Files


34 When must a router serial interface be configured with the clock rate command?
when the interface is functioning as a DTE device
when the interface timers have been cleared
when the connected DTE device is shut down
when the interface is functioning as a DCE device

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.4 Configuring Interfaces


35 Which exhibit shows the interface that is configured by the command, router(config)# interface
serial 0/0/1?

Page 45 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 5
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.4 Configuring Interfaces


36

Refer to the exhibit. Which option shows the correct topology given the configuration of Router1?

Page 46 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.4 Configuring Interfaces


37 Which password would allow a user to establish a Telnet session with a Cisco device?
VTY password
enable password
console password
enable secret password

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 1
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access - Configuring Passwords and Using Banners


38 What is the effect of using the Router# copy running-config startup-config command on a
router?
The contents of ROM will change.
The contents of RAM will change.
The contents of NVRAM will change.
The contents of flash will change.

Observable Description Max Value


1 correctness of 2 points for Option 3 2
response 0 points for any other

Page 47 of 82
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.3 Managing Configuration Files


39

Refer to the exhibit. Host A is transmitting data to host B. Which address combination will be used as
the data leaves the Router1 Fa0/1 interface?
Destination IP: 192.168.72.2 Source MAC: 0007.C2B4.3421
Destination IP: 192.168.10.4 Source MAC: 0030.8596.DE81
Destination IP: 192.168.10.4 Source MAC: 0007.C2B4.3421
Destination IP: 192.168.72.2 Source MAC: 0030.8596.DE81

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork


40

Refer to the exhibit. Cable A is plugged into the console port on switch S1. What is required on the
PC for a network technician to enter the initial configuration on S1?
a terminal emulation program
a web browser
a Telnet client

Page 48 of 82
an FTP client

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.5.2 Making the Device Management Connection


41 Which physical component is used to access and perform the initial configuration on a new
unconfigured router?

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

Page 49 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.1 Cisco IOS


42

Refer to the exhibit. A PC is communicating with another PC on a remote network. The two networks
are connected by three routers. Which action will help to identify the path between the hosts?
Use the ipconfig command at the host.
Use the ipconfig/all command at the destination.
Use the tracert command at the host.
Use the ping command at the destination.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.6.4 Traceroute (tracert) - Testing the Path


43

Refer to the exhibit. The serial interface of the router was configured with the use of the commands
that are shown. The router cannot ping the router that is directly connected to interface serial 0/0/0.
What should the network technician do to solve this problem?
Configure the description at interface serial 0/0/0.
Configure an IP address on interface serial 0/0/0.
Remove the no shutdown command at interface serial 0/0/0
Reboot the router.

Observable Description Max Value

Page 50 of 82
2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.2 Testing the Interface Assignment


44

Refer to the exhibit. Each media link is labeled. What type of cable should be used to connect the
different devices?
Connection 1 - rollover cable
Connection 2 - straight-through cable
Connection 3 - crossover cable
Connection 1 - crossover cable
Connection 2 - rollover cable
Connection 3 - crossover cable
Connection 1 - straight-through cable
Connection 2 - crossover cable
Connection 3 - crossover cable
Connection 1 - straight-through cable
Connection 2 - crossover cable
Connection 3 - straight-through cable
Connection 1 - crossover cable
Connection 2 - straight-through cable
Connection 3 - crossover cable

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 8.3.3 Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable


45 A network technician has made a UTP cable that is terminated as T568A on one end and T568B
on the opposite end. What type of cable has been constructed?
patch
console
crossover
straight-through

Observable Description Max Value


1 correctness of 2 points for Option 3 2

Page 51 of 82
0 points for any other
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.2 Making LAN Connections


46

Refer to the exhibit. What three statements are true about the IP configuration that is shown? (Choose
three.)
The address that is assigned to the computer represents private addressing.
The computer is unable to communicate outside of the local network.
The network of this computer can have 126 hosts.
The prefix of the computer address is /27.
The IP address that is assigned to the computer is routable on the Internet.
The IP address that is assigned to the computer is a broadcast address.

Observable Description Max Value


Option 1, Option 2, and Option 4 are
correct.
correctness
1 1 point for each correct option. 3
of response
0 points if more options are selected than
required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses


47

Page 52 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. The ping 127.0.0.1 command is issued on the local host. What do the ping
results indicate?
The local host can send packets on the local network.
The TCP/IP stack on the local host operates properly.
The local host has full connectivity to the default gateway.
The local host has full connectivity to the remote network.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.1 Test the Stack


48 Which service is used when the nslookup command is issued on a computer?
FTP
DNS
DHCP
Telnet

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.1 DNS Services and Protocol


49

Page 53 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Which list refers only to end devices?
D,E,F,G
A,H,B,C
A,D,E,F
A,D,E,G

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.1.5 Intermediary Devices and their Role on the Network


50

Refer to the exhibit. An employee wants to access the organization intranet from home. Which
intermediary device should be used to connect the organization intranet to the Internet to enable this
access?
hub

Page 54 of 82
switch
router
wireless access point

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

Cisco Networking Academy content is copyrighted and the unauthorized posting, distribution or
sharing of this exam content is prohibited.

Refer to the exhibit. The diagram represents the process of sending e-mail between clients. Which
list correctly identifies the component or protocol used at each numbered stage of the diagram?
1.MUA 2.MDA 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.POP 7.MDA 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.POP 3.MDA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MDA 7.SMTP 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.POP 3.SMTP 4.MDA 5.MTA 6.SMTP 7.POP 8.MUA
1.MUA 2.SMTP 3.MTA 4.SMTP 5.MTA 6.MDA 7.POP 8.MUA

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.3 E-mail Services and SMTP/POP Protocols


2

Page 55 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. In a network, PC1 sends a message to PC2. The frame received at PC2 is shown.
What information in this frame determines the correct destination application?
timing and synchronization bits
destination and source physical addresses
destination and source logical network addresses
destination and source process numbers

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.1 Addressing in the Network


3

Refer to the exhibit. How will data files get retrieved from the server?
The client establishes a two-way connection to the server on port 21 for file transfer.
From the perspective of computer A, port 21 is used to signal a push to the server, and port 20 is
used to signal a pull from the server.
There is a connection established to send files from the client to the server and a second
connection to get files from the server to the client.
Computer A establishes a connection to the server on port 21 for control and uses a second
connection on port 20 to download and upload files.

Observable Description Max Value


1 correctness 2 points for Option 4 2

Page 56 of 82
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.3.4 FTP
4

Refer to the exhibit. Which layered network model is shown in the diagram?
Cisco
IETF
OSI
TCP/IP

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
1 correctness of response 2
0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.4.2 Protocol and Reference Models


5

Page 57 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Which two layers of the OSI model describe the same functions as the
transport and internet layers of the TCP/IP model? (Choose two.)
application layer
presentation layer
session layer
transport layer
network layer
data link layer
physical layer

Observable Description Max Value


Option 4 and Option 5 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.4.8 Comparing the OSI Model with the TCP/IP Model


6 What is the correct order for PDU encapsulation?

Page 58 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.4.5 Protocol Data Units and Encapsulation


7

Which statement describes the correct use of addresses to deliver an e-mail message from HostB to
the e-mail service that is running on ServerA?
HostB uses the MAC address of ServerA as the destination.
Router B uses a Layer 3 network address to route the packet.
Router A uses the Layer 4 address to forward the packet to Router B.
Via the use of a Layer 3 address, ServerA assigns the message to the e-mail service.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 2.5.3 Getting the Data through the Internetwork

• 2.5.4 Getting the Data to the Right Application


8 Which OSI layer does IP rely on to determine whether packets have been lost and to request
retransmission?
application
presentation

Page 59 of 82
session
transport

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.1.4 The IP v4 Protocol - Best Effort


9 What three statements are true about network layer addressing? (Choose three.)
Network layer addressing uses a hierarchy.
It uses addresses that are 48 bits in length.
It is used by Ethernet switches to make forwarding decisions.
It does not support broadcasts.
It uses a method by which the network portion of an address can be identified.
Network layer addressing identifies each host distinctly.

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1, Option 5, and Option 6 are
correct.
correctness of
1 1 point for each correct option. 3
response
0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.2.5 How Do We Separate Hosts Into Networks? - Hierarchical Addressing


10 Which statement is true about the TTL value of an IPv4 packet?
It determines the priority of a packet.
It specifies the remaining "life" of the packet.
It indicates that the packet has been fragmented.
It denotes the data payload type that the packet is carrying.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

Page 60 of 82
• 5.2.5 How Do We Separate Hosts Into Networks? - Hierarchical Addressing
11 Which statement is true about the operations of the IPv4 protocol?
IPv4 includes additional fields in the IP header, which are required for reliable delivery of
the packet.
IPv4 operates independently of the media that carry the data at lower layers of the protocol
stack.
IPv4 provides error control and tracking for the data delivery, and retransmits the packet if
it is corrupted.
IPv4 is a connection-oriented protocol that requires some control data to be exchanged to
establish the connection before data transmission.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.1.3 The IP v4 Protocol - Connectionless


12 What is the protocol data unit that is associated with the data link layer of the OSI reference
model?
data
frame
packet
segment

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.1.1 Data Link Layer - Supporting and Connecting to Upper Layer Services
13

Page 61 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Host A attempts to establish a TCP/IP session with host C. During this attempt, a
frame was captured with the source MAC address 0050.7320.D632 and the destination MAC address
0030.8517.44C4. The packet inside the captured frame has an IP source address 192.168.7.5, and the
destination IP address is 192.168.219.24. At which point in the network was this packet captured?
leaving host A
leaving ATL
leaving Dallas
leaving NYC

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.4.1 Follow Data Through an Internetwork


14 What type of network is maintained if a server takes no dedicated role in the network?
mainframe
client/server
peer-to-peer
centralized

Observable Description Max Value


1 correctness of 2 points for Option 3 2

Page 62 of 82
0 points for any other
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 3.2.4 Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications (P2P)


15 What information is used at each hop to determine where the packet will be forwarded next?
the IP packet header
the incoming interface
the transport layer PDU
the source MAC address

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 1
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.2 IP Packets - Carrying Data End to End


16 Which fiber connector supports full-duplex Ethernet?

Observable Description Max Value


1 correctness of 2 points for Option 3 2
response 0 points for any other
Page 63 of 82
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 8.3.8 Media Connectors


17

Refer to the exhibit. Host A sends a frame to host C with a destination MAC address CC. The MAC
address for host C is not in the MAC table of switch SW1. How will SW1 handle the frame?
Switch SW1 will drop the frame.
Switch SW1 will forward the frame to host C.
Switch SW1 will flood the frame out all ports.
Switch SW1 will flood the frame out all ports except port Fa0/1.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.3 Switches - Selective Forwarding


18 Which topology divides the collision domain and provides full media bandwidth to the hosts in the
network?

Page 64 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 9.6.2 Ethernet - Using Switches


19

Refer to the exhibit. Host A and B are unable to communicate with each other. What is the reason for
this?
Host A is assigned a network address.
Host B is assigned a multicast address.
Host A and host B belong to different networks.
The gateway addresses are network addresses.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

Page 65 of 82
This item references content from the following areas:
CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.1 Types of Addresses in an IPv4 Network


20 Which device should be used for enabling a host to communicate with another host on a
different network?
switch
hub
router
host

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 5.3.3 A Gateway - The Way Out of Our Network


21 In which scenario would a crossover cable be required between Ethernet ports on the devices?
computer to hub
computer to router
computer to switch
switch to router

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.2 Making LAN Connections


22 Which option represents a point-to-point logical topology diagram?

Page 66 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 7.2.4 Logical Topology vs Physical Topology


23 A network administrator subnets the network 192.168.1.0/24 into four subnets. Which option
correctly addresses Router1 and host A into the second subnet created?

Page 67 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.1 Basic subnetting


24 Which type of IP address is 192.168.88.207/28?
host address
network address
multicast address
broadcast address

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.2 Calculating Network, Hosts and Broadcast Addresses


25 How many host addresses may be assigned when using the 128.107.0.0 network address with a
subnet mask of 255.255.248.0?
30

Page 68 of 82
256
2046
2048
4094
4096

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.1 Basic subnetting


26

Refer to the exhibit. A network technician is trying to determine the correct IP address configuration
for Host A. What is a valid configuration for Host A?
IP address: 192.168.100.19; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248; Default Gateway: 192.16.1.2
IP address: 192.168.100.20; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 192.168.100.17
IP address: 192.168.100.21; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.248; Default Gateway: 192.168.100.18
IP address: 192.168.100.22; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 10.1.1.5
IP address: 192.168.100.30; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 192.168.1.1
IP address: 192.168.100.31; Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.240; Default Gateway: 192.168.100.18

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.3.3 Assigning Addresses to Other Devices


27 A network administrator is asked to design a new addressing scheme for a corporate network.
There are 60 users in the main office, 40 users in the branch office, 28 users in manufacturing,
12 in the sales office, and 4 users in the research office. Which VLSM addressing scheme that
uses the 192.168.88.0/24 network will fulfill the requirements while wasting the fewest
Page 69 of 82
addresses?
192.168.88.0/26 main
192.168.88.32/26 branch
192.168.88.64/26 manufacturing
192.168.88.96/27 sales
192.168.88.128/28 research
192.168.88.0/26 main
192.168.88.64/26 branch
192.168.88.128/27 manufacturing
192.168.88.160/28 sales
192.168.88.176/29 research
192.168.88.0/27 main
192.168.88.32/27 branch
192.168.88.64/28 manufacturing
192.168.88.80/29 sales
192.168.88.88/30 research
192.168.88.0/27 main
192.168.88.64/28 branch
192.168.88.80/28 manufacturing
192.168.88.96/29 sales
192.168.88.104/30 research

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.3 Subnetting - Subnetting a Subnet


28 Which of the following are the address ranges of the private IP addresses? (Choose three.)
10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
200.100.50.0 to 200.100.25.255
150.150.0.0 to 150.150.255.255
172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
127.16.0.0 to 127.31.255.255

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1, Option 4, and Option 5 are
correct.
correctness of
1 1 point for each correct option. 3
response
0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals
Page 70 of 82
• 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses
29

Refer to the exhibit. Which service is needed in order for the hosts to access the Internet?
NAT
RIP
FTP
DHCP

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.2.5 Public and Private Addresses


30

Refer to the exhibit. The router of the company failed and was replaced. After the replacement, hosts
C and D in the Education office are able to ping each other, but they are unable to access the hosts in
the Accounts office. What is the likely cause of the problem?
The IP address at the fa0/0 interface of the router is incorrectly configured.
The subnet mask at the fa0/1 interface of the router is incorrectly entered.
Page 71 of 82
The IP address at the serial interface of the router is incorrectly configured.
The hosts in the Accounts office are not on the same subnet as the hosts in the Education office.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.5.3 Subnetting - Subnetting a Subnet


31 A user types the enable command. What task can be performed at the privileged EXEC mode?
Configure the device.
Configure individual interfaces.
Configure individual terminal lines.
Issue show and debug commands.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.7 IOS Configuration Modes


32 A user sees the command prompt: Router(config-if)# . What task can be performed at this
mode?
Reload the device.
Perform basic tests.
Configure individual interfaces.
Configure individual terminal lines.

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.7 IOS Configuration Modes


33 What purpose does a hostname serve on a router?
uniquely identifies a router on the internet
used by routing protocols to identify peer routers
Page 72 of 82
provides device identification to users logging on remotely
determines the hosts that are allowed to connect to the device

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.1 Devices Need Names


34 When must a router serial interface be configured with the clock rate command?
when the interface is functioning as a DTE device
when the interface timers have been cleared
when the connected DTE device is shut down
when the interface is functioning as a DCE device

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.4 Configuring Interfaces


35 Which exhibit shows the interface that is configured by the command, router(config)# interface
serial 0/0/1?

Page 73 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
correctness 2 points for Option 5
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.4 Configuring Interfaces


36 Which password is automatically encrypted when it is created?
vty
aux
console
enable secret
enable password

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

Page 74 of 82
• 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access - Configuring Passwords and Using Banners
37 To enhance security in a network, the network administrator uses these commands:

Router(config)# line console 0


Router(config-line)# password j1mdi2
Router(config-line)# login

What two conclusions are evident from these commands? (Choose two.)
Users who attempt to connect to the console port of the router must enter a password.
The entries permit access through the console by the use of j1mdi2 as the password.
The entries eliminate the need for authentication.
Access through the console will be denied because the console configuration is
incomplete.
The entries prevent passwords from being displayed as plain text.

Max
Observable Description
Value
Option 1 and Option 2 are correct.
correctness of 1 point for each correct option.
1 2
response 0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.2 Limiting Device Access - Configuring Passwords and Using Banners


38 Which memory contents will change as a result of using the Router# erase startup-config
command on a router?
RAM
ROM
flash
NVRAM

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 4
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.2.3 Managing Configuration Files


39 What are the default terminal emulation software settings when configuring a Cisco device
through a console port?
Bits per second: 19200
Data bits: 7
Parity: None

Page 75 of 82
Stop bits: 0
Flow control: None
Bits per second: 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: None
Bits per second: 19200
Data bits: 7
Parity: None
Stop bits: 0
Flow control: Hardware
Bits per second: 9600
Data bits: 8
Parity: None
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: Hardware

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.5.2 Making the Device Management Connection


40

Refer to the exhibit. A PC is communicating with another PC on a remote network. The two networks
are connected by three routers. Which action will help to identify the path between the hosts?
Use the ipconfig command at the host.
Use the ipconfig/all command at the destination.
Use the tracert command at the host.
Use the ping command at the destination.

Observable Description Max Value


Page 76 of 82
correctness 2 points for Option 3
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.6.4 Traceroute (tracert) - Testing the Path


41

Refer to the exhibit. A PC is connected to a network. Which action will verify that the PC can
communicate with its default gateway?
Use the ping 127.0.0.1 command.
Use the ipconfig command.
Use the ipconfig/all command.
Use the ping 10.0.0.254 command.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 6.6.2 Ping Gateway - Testing Connectivity to the Local LAN


42

Refer to the exhibit. The serial interface of the router was configured with the use of the commands
that are shown. The router cannot ping the router that is directly connected to interface serial 0/0/0.
What should the network technician do to solve this problem?
Configure the description at interface serial 0/0/0.
Configure an IP address on interface serial 0/0/0.
Remove the no shutdown command at interface serial 0/0/0
Reboot the router.

Page 77 of 82
Observable Description Max Value
2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.2 Testing the Interface Assignment


43

Refer to the exhibit. At which OSI layer is serial interface 0/0/1 experiencing problems?
Layer 1
Layer 2
Layer 3
Layer 4

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.1.6 IOS Examination Commands

• 11.3.2 Testing the Interface Assignment


44

Page 78 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. A student has wired each end of a CAT 5e cable as shown. What is the result?
(Choose two.)
The cable is unusable and must be rewired.
The cable is suitable for use as a rollover cable.
The cable is suitable for use as a Fast Ethernet crossover.
The cable is suitable for use as a Gigabit Ethernet straight-through.
The cable is suitable for use between two 100 Mbps Auto-MDIX capable switches.

Observable Description Max Value


Option 3 and Option 5 are correct.
correctness
1 1 point for each correct option. 2
of response
0 points if more options are selected than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.2 Making LAN Connections


45 What type of cable is being used if a network administrator is connecting two Cisco routers and
uses the 100BaseTX standard?
rollover cable
smart serial cable
crossover UTP
straight-through UTP

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 3
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 10.2.2 Making LAN Connections


46 Which type of media is immune to EMI and RFI? (Choose two.)
10 Base-T
10 Base-2
10 Base-5
100 Base-FX
100 Base TX
1000 Base LX

Max
Observable Description
Value
1 correctness of Option 4 and Option 6 are correct. 2
response 1 point for each correct option.
Page 79 of 82
0 points if more options are selected
than required.

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 8.3.6 Fiber Media


47

Refer to the exhibit. The ping 127.0.0.1 command is issued on the local host. What do the ping
results indicate?
The local host can send packets on the local network.
The TCP/IP stack on the local host operates properly.
The local host has full connectivity to the default gateway.
The local host has full connectivity to the remote network.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 2
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.1 Test the Stack


48

Page 80 of 82
Refer to the exhibit. Host A is unable to reach host B on the remote network. A technician attempted
to ping the local gateway and the ping was successful. To verify the host configuration, the
technician issued the ipconfig command. What is the likely cause of the problem?
The local NIC is incorrectly configured.
The subnet mask on host A is incorrectly configured.
The IP address on host A is incorrectly configured.
The default gateway on host A is incorrectly configured.

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 4
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

• 11.3.5 Tracing and Interpreting Trace Results


49 Which command can be issued on a PC to determine which TCP/IP ports are in use?
tracert
netstat
nslookup
ipconfig /all

Observable Description Max Value


2 points for Option 2
correctness of
1 0 points for any other 2
response
option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals
Page 81 of 82
• 4.1.5 Port Addressing
50

Refer to the exhibit. Which list refers only to end devices?


D,E,F,G
A,H,B,C
A,D,E,F
A,D,E,G

Observable Description Max Value


correctness 2 points for Option 1
1 2
of response 0 points for any other option

This item references content from the following areas:


CCNA Exploration: Network Fundamentals

Page 82 of 82