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This Issue. . .
oads connect people. Good roads are absolutely vital for a country and a continent’s
economy and welfare. As the world population grows, the world becomes “flat,” and
humanity pushes its frontier into the far corners of the globe, the need for transporting
goods and people faced with new technical challenges such as accommodating heavy
vehicles, increased number of load repetitions, use of new materials for increased and
improved pavement life and building through difficult terrain grow significantly. At no time in
the history, the need has ever been so great to build and maintain long lasting and good
performing pavements. The developing countries of the world have embarked on the task of
building new roads in an unprecedented scale, while developed countries are facing a
Herculean task of maintaining and rehabilitating their existing road assets.
At the same time, building, maintaining, and rehabilitation of roads pose a tremendous
challenge to the society – in the form of their adverse impact on our environment. And this
dichotomy – need versus harmful effect – offers a grave challenge. Stated simply, the
challenge is how do we design and construct good pavements so that they perform well,
last longer and the construction has a minimum or no impact on our environment?
Before delving into books full of equations and complex theories, we need to take a step
back and ponder on three very basic issues: One—how do we effectively utilize the
advances in modern science and technology in building better and long lasting pavements?
Two—how do we properly consider the pavement network as part of our overall built
environment in which we live? and three—whose responsibility is it to face the above
challenge - the government or the private enterprise or the public?
The building of better performing and long lasting pavements is itself a sustainable
practice – it provides a safe and functional mode of transportation to all and helps us
prolong the maintenance and rehabilitation cycles and thus helps us reduce the use of new
materials and energy. Thus, it provides social, economic, and environmental sustainability.
Advanced concepts and practices of utilizing materials, mix design, construction techniques
and proper specifications can help us achieve this goal. While Professor Kandhal’s
comprehensive article on advances in bituminous road construction provides an overview of
all relevant topics, Sehgal and Abele’s article gives a perfect example of the application of
advanced concepts in the form of stone mastic asphalt. Since pavements are not isolated
systems, their construction, maintenance and rehabilitation must be considered in conjunction
with the other parts of our natural and built environment. Proper layout design, selection of
type of pavement and construction practices can effectively reduce or eliminate the harmful
effect on our environment, as discussed in an article on sustainable pavements by
Mr. Mallick and Mr. Veeraragavan.
The answer to the last question lies in the concept of shared responsibility. We, as
world citizens, are all responsible for the construction of an efficient infrastructure that has
minimum impact on our environment. Shared responsibilities, partnership and cooperation
between private and public organizations, and the availability of properly trained personnel
are the key factors to ensure the most efficient construction process that can result in a
significant improvement in the transportation infrastructure – as evident from Mather’s and
Kumar’s excellent article on the East Link project in Australia.

A. Veeraragavan
Guest Editor

16 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Contents MARCH 2011

Roads & Highways

50 Sustainable Pavement Engineering Rajib B. Mallick

66 Advances in Bituminous Road Construction

Prithvi Singh Kandhal

100 WHITE TOPPING An Excellent Solution for

Pavement Rehabilitation V. Ramachandra

120 Concrete Overlays

38 Asphalt
News 86 Experiences with Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA)
Bernd Abele
24 Industry News
108 Asphalt is Green Blesson Varghese
28 Companies in Limelight

38 Real Estate

42 SEZs

44 Equipment News

Project Briefs
244 Infra Developments

246 Road & Highway Projects

251 Port Projects

251 Airport Projects 108

252 Railway Projects

New Approaches
254 Power Projects
122 Enterprising Approaches in the Successful Construction
of a Toll Motorway (East Link) Through Suburban
Melbourne, Australia
Arun Kumar

Concrete Additives
130 Effect of Dosing Sequence of Micro Silica on Slump
& Compressive Strength of Concrete

Alternative Material
136 Use of Cement Fly Ash and Gypsum as an
Alternative Material for Low Cost Housing
(Feasibility Study) N.S.Naik

20 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Contents MARCH 2011


Investigation Post Event Report

146 Experimental Investigation on Flexural Behaviour 154 bC India—Displays CE Progress and Promises
of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened by
Ferrocement Laminates B.Sivagurunathan
¨ Manitowoc ¨ Sandvik ¨ TIL ¨ Caterpillar ¨ Soilmec
¨ VDMA ¨ Volvo ¨ LIEBHERR ¨ Mahindra & Mahindra
Equipment & Machinery
Ltd ¨ Putzmeister ¨ Wirtgen India ¨ Terex MPS
135 Powerscreen India Serves Oman ¨ Greaves ¨ Sany ¨ Kobelco ¨ Proman ¨ BHS
263 Linden Comansa Sonthofen ¨ Voltas Ltd ¨ Manitou BF ¨ CHETRA ¨ ABG
Cranes ¨ Normet ¨ Fayat Group ¨ Sicoma Mixers India
Products & Technologies ¨ ACE ¨ PALFINGER ¨ Apollo Infratech ¨ Conmat
64 Allison Transmission-equipped Water Tankers ¨ Liugong ¨ DOZCO ¨ Puzzolana ¨ Jaypee ¨ Ajax Fiori

152 Polished Concrete Floors ¨ Revathi ¨ Sree Parijatha ¨ Propel ¨ Sennebogen

¨ Tyrolit ¨ Haulotte Group ¨ EPIC ¨ Wolffkran
Steel Construction ¨ Australian Crane ¨ Electromech ¨ Hidrokon ¨ Strong
256 Design Flexibity in Construction with Steel Plant ¨ Topcon ¨ Hess ¨ Godrej & Boyce ¨ Fushun
Rajesh Maheshwari
Cranes ¨ Cosmos ¨ Macons ¨ Anupam ¨ Jaso Tower

DEPARTMENTS Cranes ¨ Maxmech ¨ Powerscreen ¨ Manforce Trucks

Event Diary------------------- 264 ¨ Mait India ¨ AMW ¨ Unipave ¨ Pakona ¨ Ammann

Marketrends------------------ 248-249 ¨ Te re x C o r p . ¨ S c h w i n g S t e t t e r ¨ R o t a r y
Subscription Form ---------- 229 ¨ Speedcrafts ¨ Nawa Engineers ¨ Universal
Advertisers' Index----------- 230 ¨ Lonking ¨ Jamshedji ¨ Kaushik ¨ Arrow Machinery
¨ Unisteel ¨ MARSMAN

22 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Ind. News

Industry News
ADB’s Assistance multiple exploration concessions and unorganized manufacturing
falling within the Hajigak mines. The gets organized, productivity in the
ADB has announced its $7.4 billion
Afghan government is very excited entire manufacturing could go up.
assistance to India. Bank’s
with the participation of Indian firms At present, manufacturing lags due
communication said that the ADB
in this deal and also expects that to high share of unorganized sector.
and the Union Government have
the Indian companies should set This holds good for other sectors
agreed to a new three-year
up steel and mines processing with mushroom growth of
business plan that will provide
plants near Hajigak. The country is unorganized players in every sectors
lending assistance of $7.4 billion
reported to be sitting on over $2.5 from textiles to transport and related
to support inclusive and
trillion worth of untapped mineral activities.
environmentally sustainable growth
deposits with huge copper reserves.
in the country. A major thrust of DDA Urges to Rope
ADB’s India Country Operations Global Productivity in Private Builders
Business Plan (COBP) for 2011-13,
the communication said will be to Trends The new minister of UD, Mr. Kamal
support infrastructure development, Global economic productivity which Nath in a review meeting on the
particularly through PPP rallied strongly last year due to working of DDA said that DDA
programmes. The Bank has noted economic recovery, is likely to drop should go in for public partnership
that supporting the government‘s down in 2011 in advanced model and shift its focus from being
efforts to redress inter-state economies. However, the Indian land-owning agency. Though the
development and economic productivity is increasing faster than proposed model for DDA is yet to
disparities is also the key China, says a report. Though be firmed up, various options are
cornerstone of the COBP which is China’s productivity has driven its under consideration. In case of LIG
aligned to the country’s XI Plan growth story, the wheel could soon projects, private sector could be
(2007-12). Continued assistance for be turning. With investment surging roped in to develop malls, hospitals
development of the vital energy in India, its productivity is set to and schools along with the
sector by means of programmes grow over four percent compared to apartments. Another option is to
involving clean and renewable three percent of China. An ICRIER rope in the private sector to build
energy is another key focus area. study report states that between on DDA's land bank. PPP model
The assistance is aimed at initiating 2004 to 2009, India’s productivity has been tried in the case of the
projects in different states of energy, has grown by 3.9 percent per CWG Village where Emaar MGF
urban development. We are looking annum while in China it has been built the complex on the banks of
forward to work closely with India in much less. But sustaining this Yamuna, where DDA incurred
implementing the programmes in growth for long is not an easy task losses in the transaction. The new
COBP to help promote inclusive unless the manufacturing chips in minister is also reviewing the
growth and reduce poverty in the to overtake productivity trends seen schemes under JNNURM and
country, said ADB Country Director in telecom, which is pushing called for required reforms in
(India) Hun Kim. productivity graph in India higher. If municipal bodies.
resources become more productive
Indian Firms Keen 24th Builders
on Hajigak Mines Convention
Leading private and public sector Addressing the 24th All India
firms including Tata, Essar, Sail, Builders Convention, held
NMDC, and RINL are among the recently at Chennai, the Union
15 Indian companies who have Finance Minister has urged
shown their interest in developing the builders to be socially
the Hajigak mines in Afghanistan. conscious and the
These companies may bid for the construction should work
assets to offer in consortia, or may closely with governmental
go alone in the upcoming auction. bodies. Rapid urbanization
Afghanistan has invited EOI’s for and infrastructure growth are

24 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Ind. News

the establishment of a ministry of

construction to address the needs
of this sector. Documents relating
to government contracts need to be
updated to suit modern requirement
and to be on par with international
practices, he emphasized.
Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, Union Finance
Budget Wish Lists of Estate Developers Association of
Minister with Mr. G.K.Vasan, Union
Minister of Shipping, at the All India India (Credai) has sought extention
Builder's convention in Chennai Infra Builders of tax holiday to industry parks up
It is a Budget time in the country to March 2015, and amendments
not just a commercial opportunity and there are unending Budget to help townships of 10 acres and
for builders but also a social memoranda across sectors above to qualify for tax deduction
challenge that must be addressed. including industry and trade giving under infrastructure facility. This is
Builder should work closely with their wish lists. Highway developers in addition to tax sops for the first
the Government to tap this have asked for service tax exemption time home-buyers from 2011,
opportunity to address the challenge on toll. The National Highways besides enhanced income tax
of affordability in housing, Builders Federation (NHBF) wants deduction limits. It has asked
technology and skilled human tax holiday to be extended. The service tax abatement to be
resource constraints in developers have also asked the increased from 75% to 90%.
infrastructure, said the Finance Government to amend rules with The construction equipment
Minister. He urged the construction regard to dividend distribution tax sector too wants rationalization in
industry to work with the National to prevent cascading effect. NHBF tax regime, excise duty cut,
Skill Development Corporation to has asked the Finance Minister to clarifications on multi-tax regime
enable skill creation by setting up a allow usage of duty-free imported and uniformity in state taxes and
Construction Sector Skill Council. capital goods for road construction levies. This was the wishlists of
The NSDC estimates that business rather road projects. It has most captains of construction
construction sector will need 3.3 also asked the term for tax holiday equipment companies who
crore more skilled workforce by to be defined with greater clarity. A interacted with NBM&CW at the
2022. In the process, the 10-year tax holiday is available to Mumbai equipment Expo. They were
construction industry will benefit enterprises developing new of the firm view that in the
from the rapid infrastructure growth infrastructure facility, but the term is forthcoming budget well – concrete
Technology support, customers not well defined, said the Federation steps would be initiated to promote
needs, cost and adequate skilled in its Budget memorandum. investment in infrastructure and
workforce need to come together Realtors on the other hand, priority areas well identified and
for the target to be achieved, he want tax holiday to stay and so certain imbalances corrected for the
underlined. The Convention sops for buyers in the housing future growth and well being of
chairman Radhakrishnan, called for market. The Confederation of Real country’s economy.

BEHR lndia Gears up for and ultra light commercial vehicles Using a new kind of material
to meet the upcoming Euro 4 coating, BEHR has succeeded in
Euro 4 Emission standards in India. minimizing the level of corrosion on
Standards Speaking on the launch of the aluminum, so that the charge
BEHR India, a joint venture between Exhaust Gas Recirculation air cooler can now be used as a
BEHR GmbH & Co.KG, Stuttgart, a technology, Mr. Sunil Kaul, President component over the full service life
systems partner for international & COO, BEHR India Limited said, of EGR systems. BEHR India has
automobile industry and Anand “In anticipation of new Euro 4 already received 4 business
Automotive Limited, one of India’s emission standards in India, we nominations from various
leading manufacturers of automotive are happy to introduce EGR customers, while some of the
components and systems, technology. The new technology will projects are still under acquisition.
announced the introduction of help reduce pollutant emission and Behr India is all geared up for this
‘Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) it has been introduced keeping in product and plans to launch with
technology in India. The EGR mind our commitment towards “Zero PPM & Zero warranty” tag.
technology will help heavy trucks public health and safety.”

26 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Companies in Limelight

Companies in Limelight
♦ Saint-Gobain Goes for capacity from the current 3.3 million
`400cr Solar Plant tons per annum to five mtpa.
Saint-Gobain Glass India has Currently, the Ispat Industries official
embarked on an ambitious plan to are negotiating with the Board for
set up a facility to manufacture base industrial and financial
glass for solar photo voltaic reconstruction and is filing a report
modules involving an investment of in this connection, he claimed.
`400 crore. The company is ♦ Adani Inks Infra Deal in
currently catering to the domestic
demand by importing the product
beach sand mining at an investment A flagship company of Adani Group,
from its bases in abroad. It has
of `2,250 crore. Adani Enterprises in a recent cache
already identified the locations at
The company has targeted this has secured rail, port and power
Bhiwadi in Rajasthan and Chennai
investment for the next couple of projects from the regional
in Tamil Nadu and a decision to
years to make 45,000 tons titanium government of Sumatra Selatan,
this effect would be announced very
pigment plant, said Executive Indonesia and PT Bukt Asam Tbk
shortly, said, Managing Director,
Director, Pradeep Koneru. which is a government of Indonesia
B Santhanam.
coal mining company involving an
♦ Tata Steel Targets $2.4bn estimated investment of $1.65
Annual Expansion billion.
The Tata Steel in a move to push According to the Chairman,
capacity addition has decided to Gautam Adani, the rail and port
invest $2.4 billion per annum for projects are expected to be executed
the next three years. As part of its by Adani Global, a subsidiary of
capacity augmentation plans the Adani Enterprises in 48 months.
company is also carrying out a The project work included the
mega expansion by pushing its construction of a 250km railway line
production by 3 million tons per and port infrastructure which Adani
annum and is funding the requires for the transportation and
He revealed adding that the expansion more from debts than ship loading of up to 60 million
capacity of the new facility is equity, Chief Financial Officer, tons per annum of coal. The
expected to be about 500 mw per Koushik Chatterjee said. upcoming rail line will help connect
annum and its second glass plant ♦ JSW Infuses Investment in Tanjung Enim, the rich coal mining
in India is being built on war footing area where the group will set up a
Ispat Industries
at an investment of `1,500 crore in The JSW Steel in a recent move
world-class port for evacuation of
Bhiwadi. The Bhiwadi facility which the coal.
has infused a staggering sum of
is being built in a phased manner, `3,800 crore into Ispat Industries ♦ MEL Unveils Steel Plants
is meant for new production lines which it acquires recently at an Worth 1200cr
and is set to be commissioned by investment of `2,157 crore. The fund In an attempt to expand its steel
the end of this year. infusion will take place in a phased manufacturing production, the
♦ Trimex to Set up Plants in manner spreading upto three years, Mineral Enterprises Limited (MEL)
India Director, Commercial, JSW & Ispat, is setting up two steel making plants
The Dubai-based Trimex Group, Jayant Acharya said. Company at Hassan and Chitradurga in
through its wholly owned arm, sources claimed that Ispat Karnataka entailing an investment
Trimex Sands Private Limited, in a Industries, which has a debt burden of `1,200 crore, Managing Director,
recent decision has planned to set worth `9,800 crore, is recasting the Basant Poddar said. He added that
up a Titanium plant at Srikakulam entire funding plans to be the company has already initiated
in Andhra Pradesh at a location completed before September this the process of acquiring land and it
exactly where the company is year. The integration of the Ispat would be completed in next six
currently making ilmenite by way of Industries intended to push its months. The company requires

28 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Companies in Limelight

in Indonesia and a memorandum connection is already in progress

of understanding (MoU) to this effect and its report is expected in the
has been signed with Surya next couple of months, SAIL
Kapenjen, an Indonesian company. Chairman, C S Verma said.
The agreement was inked between He claimed that apart from two
the SEW Trident Global Pte Ltd. a units, a warehouse with a capacity
subsidiary of the Hyderabad based of 12,000 tons per annum and a
infra major and Indonesian Galvanised Sheet Corrugation unit
company. The road building deal with 13,000 tons per annum
includes the development of 84km capacity is in the final stages and
hauling road on build own operate would be commissioned very
model. Apart from this, the company shortly. The revival work on the first
about 150 acres in Chitradurga and will also build a port for feeding the phase of the unit at an investment
400 acres in Hassan to set up the cargo in East Kalimantan province of `100 crore is currently in full
proposed units at a cost of `200 of Indonesia, Director, C Srikanth swing, while work on two more units
crore and `1,000 crore respectively. said. under the same phase has already
Both these plants will open up been initiated.
♦ PowerGrid Gets Mega
employment opportunities for over
Project ♦ Lanco Launches `3,000cr
500 locals and are expected to go
on stream in the next two years. Country’s power transmission giant, Solar PV Unit
PowerGrid Corporation of India has The Lanco Group has decided to
♦ GVK Eyes Coal Assets in secured a mega power project invest `3,000cr in setting up a solar
Australia worth `1,600 crore in Jharkhand to photovoltaic manufacturing unit at
GVK Power and Infrastructure build transmission system in the Rajnandgaon district of
Limited, a Hyderabad based state. The transmission venture, Chhattisgarh with an annual
company has set its eyes on the which is expected to be completed capacity of 250mw for local sales
$2 billion Australian mining giant in the next 18 months, involved and exports to countries including
Hancock Coal, as the company has laying transmission lines on a 1,000 Europe and USA. The upcoming
submitted a preliminary bid for a kms length and also involved project which would be set up in
controlling stake in the coal mine. setting up 10 sub stations in the two phases by Lanco Solar, a
The company is also reported to state. special purpose vehicle of the
be one of the six bidders shortlisted Lanco Infratech, has been aimed at
in an auction process being making solar energy equipment,
conducted by Hancock Coal for the Chairman, L Madhusudha Rao
sale of its Kevin’s Corner mine said.
located in the coal rich Galilee basin The PV unit is being created
of Queensland in Australia. with a 75:25 debt equity ratio and
will entail an investment of `1,370cr
♦ SEW Infra Secures Road
in the first phase and is expected
Project to be completed in the next 15
The overseas arm of SEW months and the entire
Infrastructure Limited, a Hyderabad manufacturing unit is slated to be
based company, in a recent cache commissioned by 2014.
has secured a major infrastructure
project involving building of a road ♦ SAIL-Kobe Plans Power ♦ Suzlon Secures Caparo
Plant Contract
The Steel Authority of India and The wind energy turbine making
Kobe Steel of Japan have decided major Suzlon has secured an order
to initiate the revival work of the worth $1.28 billion from Capro
second phase of the Jagdishpur Energy India to set up wind turbines
steel unit involving an investment of to build 1,000mw power projects in
`2,500 crore. The steel making the next two years of which units
project along with a 1,000mw gas with a generating capacity of 500mw
based power plant, will be would be commissioned by March
commissioned in the next three next year.
years and a feasible study in this

30 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Companies in Limelight

♦ Finland Firm Sets up According to reports, the

Welding Equipment Unit approval has been granted to invest
Kemppi Oy of Finland, a leading and subscribe to class A units to
name in the field of arc welding be issued by Enam India
has set up a manufacturing plant Infrastructure Fund. The Cabinet
near Chennai. The facility is Committee on Economic Affairs
expected to go on stream by April (CCeA) which was also chaired by
this year. the Prime Minister, Manmohan
In the initial phase, it will have Singh cleared the proposal after it
capacity to make 3,000 units a year, was referred to it by the Foreign
Investment Promotion Board in the
According to the Chairman and recent past. The Enam India
Managing Director Tulsi R Tanti, the Infrastructure Fund, Maurituius,
current year is going to be very would make the investment in its
strong period for the Indian power Indian arm which is a part of the
sector as large players like Caparo brokerage group of Enam.
have come in droves to enter into ♦ HNGL Initiates Work on
the market and the emerging trend (from left) Anssi Rantasalo, Global `700cr AP Plant
is that large wind IPPs in the CEO, Jouko Kemppi, Chairman, Kemppi Hindustan National Glass &
country are major force alongside Oy, Finland and Arvind Vasu, Industries Limited (HNGL) has
small sized segment is also getting Managing Director, Kemppi India, at a
recently started the construction
very active in the process. press conference, in Chennai.
work on the Phase-I of its glass
♦ OPIL Unveils `1,800cr which will be doubled in two years, making complex at Naidupeta in
Cement Plant said Arvind Vasu, Managing Director, Nellore area of Andhra Pradesh.
The Orient Paper & Industries Kemppi India, adding that the The green field complex which is
Limited (OPIL) in a recent decision, parent company would invest spread across 210 acre area
has embarked on setting up a around $10 million over the next entailing an investment of `700
`1,800cr green field cement two years in the Indian subsidiary. crore, will have a single large
manufacturing plant with a capacity Initially, the Indian subsidiary would furnace with a capacity of
of three million tons per annum commence with the launch of a manufacturing 650 metric tons per
together with a 50mw power plant single product for India—the HiARC day. On completion, the new plant
at Gulburga in Karnataka and has M4ooi. Over a period of time will house three container glass
already secured all the mandatory Kemppi India would add more and two floating glass plants with a
clearances from the state product to its portfolio. The company total capacity of 3,500 metric ton
government in this connection. plans to set up a customer training per day.
An industry insider informed that centre. Our vision is to provide the According to the Chairman, C
the power and cement projects, joy of welding at every level as its K Somany, the plant has an ideal
which are coming up on a 1500 impact is very wide in all industrial location and it will play a pivotal
acre of land, in all likelihood will be applications, said CEO Kemmpi Oy. role in the company’s business
financed by a mix of internal plans to consolidate its presence
♦ Enam Infra Gets FDI Nod in the southern parts of the country.
accruals, debt and equity. The OPIL
aimed at adding 3 million tons The Mauritius based Enam India It expects that the liquor industry is
cement capacity to become a Infrastructure Fund gets a leg up in a major client in the South for its
15 mtpa company over a period of the fund raising initiatives with the glass products as over 65% of the
time and has been looking to build Union Government clearing a glass demand is emerging from
its cement making capacities for proposal of the company to the southern and western regions
quite some time and has recently undertake foreign direct investment of the country. The new facility is
expanded its capacities at the (FDI) worth `3,450 crore and these expected to meet the demand with
Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra funds would be invested in equity high quality products and its
units and is currently going all out and equity linked investments in location near major ports will also
to boost its overall cement infrastructure projects across the help the company serve some of
manufacturing capacity to achieve country. the demand for glass in the
its laid down targets. overseas market, he said.

32 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Companies in Limelight

♦ Chiria Mines Get `5,000cr `100 crore and the nodal agency
SAIL Funding has already floated tenders for the
Close on the heels of Chiria mines upcoming project. The funicular new
securing environmental clearance, rail link system with a length of
the Steel Authority of India has over 1.3 km from Dodhani village
announced a whopping investment near Panvel to Mailot Spring Point
plans for worth `5,000 crore to will have double reversible with two
develop mines with an initial passenger cars and an attached
capacity of 7 million tons per goods trolley. The scope of work
annum. The mines, which reportedly 2010 thereby posting a growth of includes designing, construction,
have world’s largest quality and high about 9.2 percent over the development, financing operation
grade iron ore reserves of about 2 preceding years. This is all due to and maintenance of the system
billion tons, is expected to meet the the strong growth recorded by key between Matheran and Dudhani.
SAIL’s iron ore requirement of upto manufacturing industry sectors
40% for its plant in areas including including automotive, engineering,
Bokaro, Durgapur, Rourkela and pharmaceuticals, food processing
Burnpur as these plants are and textiles, among others.
currently accounting for about 70% Moreover, with the booming end use
of its steel production. industry market is likely to witness
Because of its ore enriched a consolidation wave indicating the
mining resources and the trend of reviving fortunes for the sector. That
spiraling iron ore prices renowned apart, the sector also witnessed
According to the Additional
steel makers including ArcelorMittal, scores of notable acquisitions in
Metropolitan Commissioner,
among others, are vying for the the logistic industry including
MMRDA, Ashwini Bhide, as of now
exploitation right of the ore deposits. FedEx’s acquisition of AFL Logistics
a narrow gauge railway line
Chiria iron ore reserves were a and Transport Corporation of India’s
connects Neral and Matheran with
part of the erstwhile Indian Iron and TCI 51% equity stake acquisition in
the Central Railway’s Mumbai Pune
Steel Company, which was merged Infinite Logistics Solutions.
route with a length of about 20 km.
with SAIL in way back in 2005. The Apart from this, companies
The lower terminal point close to
SAIL will exploit the mines to the including Toll Global Logistics,
Dudhani is ideally located about
hilt and will try its best to adhere to Allcargo Global Logistics and FH
1.3 km beyond the village of
the environmental concerns Bertling have been actively seeking
Dudhani at an altitude of 260 metre
ensuring sustainable development to expand their business sizes
and the upper terminal point is at
of the area and the company plans across the country. Besides private
Matheran. The upcoming rail link
to push a staggering sum of equity firms and leading finance
as per estimates will take about 10
`10,000 crore in mining over the organizations are actively investing
minutes to make for the distance.
next three to four years, said SAIL, in the Indian logistics sector.
Matheran is a very popular tourist
Chairman, C S Verma. Multilateral lending institutions like
destination and funicular rail link
International Finance Corporation
♦ Logistics Touching $200bn will be an added attraction for
had already invested $5 billion in
Revenue Mark tourists by providing connectivity to
Snowman Frozen Foods, a
Given the consistency in growth rate, the attractive hill station and will be
Bangalore based company and
which is currently hovering around a landmark for the nodal agency as
Bredene Capital, the UK-based
nine percent per annum in the past it would give huge boost to tourism.
fund house has also invested in
couple of years and heading for a logistics project in India apart from ♦ Powertech Secures `364cr
record growth of about $90 billion picking up 90% stake in MJ Funding Infusion
during the current fiscal, India’s Logistics, the report concluded. The Sembcorp Utilities Pte Limited
logistic market is set to cross $200
♦ MMRDA Clears Cable Car in a recent initiative has infused as
billion per annum revenue mark by
a part of its first tranche of `364
2020, concluded Frost & Sullivon in Links
crore into the Gayatri Project Limited
its recently released report on the After years of dilly dallying the
for its joint venture Thermal Power
Indian transportation and logistics Mumbai Metropolitan Region
Corporation India Limited (TPCIL).
sector. Development Authority (MMRDA) has
The TPCIL which is a joint venture
The findings are based on the recently cleared a cable car project
between Gayatri Energy Ventures
fact that the market recorded for Metheran on the outskirts of
GEVL, a special purpose vehicle of
revenues of about $82.10 billion in Mumbai entailing an investment of

34 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Companies in Limelight

tune of `7,000 crore by the end of energy generating units in the Indian
current financial year. power sector. Isolux Corsan
According to sources, the operates in engineering
syndicated transferable loan facility construction, property development
has been secured from Bank of and manufacturing, currently
Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ), Mizuho operates in over 32 countries and
Corporate Banking Corporation. as of now is getting aggressive in
The transferable term loans can be the Indian construction and
traded between lenders to lessen infrastructure sector. Not just this,
credit risk of banks financing the many global players with huge
loan. The company has sanctioned funds including Blackstone and
Gayatri Projects, and Sembcorp’s loans worth `13,462 crore in quarter Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, have
wholly owned Utilities business, is ending December 2010 and pushed announced multi billion dollar
set up on build, own and operate a its financing up to 277% from 3,571 funding plans for the Indian
1,320mw (2x660mw) capacity coal crore over the same period last infrastructure sector, while a few
fired power plant at Krishnapatnam year. Similarly, its disbursal goes have already initiated the investment
SPSR, Nellore district in Andhra up to 25% to `7,641 crore during process.
Pradesh. the third quarter of current fiscal
♦ R Power Unfolds `22,000cr
According to reports, the from `6,123 crore in the
company has already secured the corresponding period previous year. Infra Forays
financial closure and has signed In the process, it has recorded 17% Announcing its largest foreign
memorandum of understanding with push in its net profit to `659 crore investment in Indonesia, Reliance
the lenders for `5,151 crore and from `564 crore in the Power has set aside a staggering
construction activities have already corresponding quarter of the invest worth `22,000 crore for
been initiated in the upcoming previous year, they said. setting up projects in South Sumatra
power plant. As per the terms and and Jambi provinces. The areas of
♦ Morgan Infuses $200m into investment include coal mining,
conditions of the agreement, the
plant will be operated and Spanish Infra railway lines, ports and power
maintained by Gayatri, Sembcorp Morgan Stanley owned Global projects. Company sources claimed
O&M Company, which is a separate Infrastructure Fund is infusing a that the project in Sumatra involved
entity for maintenance incorporated staggering sum of $200 million as development of a 2 billion mt coal
for the purpose. The company will an equity stake in the domestic mine and a 200 km railway line,
subsequently expand its capacity in subsidiary, Isolux Corsan. The 2,000mw power plant and a port
the same location by building Spanish infrastructure major
another 1,320mw power plant in currently building roads in northern
phase second thereby taking the parts of the country and the latest
total capacity to 2,640mw. infusion will be the second
investment in the country by the
♦ PFC Paves Way for $260m fund.
Offshore Finance Last year, the company along
The Power Finance Corporation in with Goldman Sachs infra fund,
a recent achievement has arranged General Atlantic, Norwest Venture
$260 million from a bunch of three Partners and Everstone Capital has
banks based in Tokyo, Singapore decided to invest $425 million in entailing a total investment of $3.5
and Hong Kong and the proceeds Asian Genco, a Singapore billion. While infra investment in
will be invested in the infrastructure headquartered firm, which owns Jambi will cover another coal
project and also for refinancing its mining unit together with a port,
existing debt. The company which railway line and small power plant
has recently secured `1,000 crore at a cost of $1.5 billion excluding
loans refinanced from the India the power project.
Infrastructure Finance Corporation
Limited, also going in for a follow ♦ Thermax to Set up a Plant
on issue comprising 15% fresh To expand its footprint in
issue and 5 percent divestment by geothermal energy, Pune-based
government. In totality, it is all set engineering company Thermax is
to collect a staggering sum to the to set up a plant in Maharashtra. It

36 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Companies in Limelight

has a joint venture with an Iceland– continuously emanates from the building hard rocks and soft ground
based company for developing the earth‘s crust the load factor of the tunnels boring machines and
geothermal energy business in plant is 99% making the power auxiliary equipment in its
India. traffic comparable to a thermal coal manufacturing facility located in Italy.
The joint venture is developing plant, he clarified. It has already completed more than
a 3mw geothermal plant in Puga 520 km of tunnels with the use of
♦ Coastal Projects Clears
valley, Leh on an experimental basis. mechanized excavation systems
For its proposed plant in `108cr Acquisition and has executed 68 projects
Maharashtra the company has The Hyderabad-based civil around the world. Similarly, the
already been allocated a block engineering and construction Indian players have also completed
around Raipur for exploring company with expertise in tunneling more than 75km of tunneling work
geothermal energy, said company’s and underground excavation for and have 250km of tunneling jobs
Managing Director, Unikrishnan. He hydro electric, irrigation, rail and currently under construction. Apart
said that currently it is difficult to road and mining ventures, has from Indian operations, the joint
predict the size of the plant. If we recently acquired 26% stake in SELI venture will also take up projects in
come across a large geothermal of Italy at an investment of `108 South Asia as the nature of
energy field, which could produce crore. business has good potential in
about 100mw of power, then we According to reports, Societa these countries in the region as
could even form a separate Escuzione Lavori Idraulici (SELI), increased number of tunneling
company to set up the plant. He which has already displayed its projects in India is expected to be
added around `10 crore required for talent by carrying out operations implemented using Tunneling
developing one megawatt of across the world including in India, Boring Machines.
geothermal energy. Since the heat is very expert in designing and

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 37

NEWS Real Estate

Real Estate
Siemens’ Space hospitality sector, Hilton Worldwide mega tourism park matching global
has set a target to add five to seven facilities at an investment of `2100
Fetches `400cr in hotel properties on an annual basis crore and also setting up a Film
thereby adding over 1200 room City Studio on 100 acres of land at
B’lore inventory in areas including Delhi, an investment of `500 crore.
Making it perhaps the biggest real Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore, and In addition, Indo-Gulf Securities
estate deal in the downstream Gurgaon. is building a resort worth `700
Bangalore, Siemens’ land parcel According to the President, Asia crore and Renee Industries has
measuring 8 acres reportedly Pacific, Hilton Worldwide, Martin lined up `550 crore investments to
secured a top bid of `400 crore Rinck, the company currently has set up five star hotels and beach
from RMZ, a local property builder. just three trading hotels in India resorts at Suvali and also building
The German power equipment and and is all set to double its trading similar hotel in Saputara, the only
transmission giant, has put up its assets this year itself and its prime hill station in Gujarat. While Ravani
8 acre plot of land in Bangalore on focus is on full service brands Developers planned a hotel cum
the block for sale, which is a including Hilton, Conrad Hotels and golf club at a cost of `310 crore
regular exercise of the company for Resorts and Doubletree. It has and Parshwanath Project is building
reviewing its non core realty assets currently 19 new hotels under a resort cum amusement park of
for optimum utilization and various states of development about `250 crore and similar
consolidation of its business, across the country and all of them amount is being invested by the
according to sources. will be running in the next couple of Trilliant Hospitality in setting up
years. Surat Sheraton in the city.

Construction BPEP Injects `350cr

Corners `35,000cr in Century Realty
Investment in Surat Baring Private Equity Partners
(BPEP) with its investing partners
The recently concluded Vibrant
is financing `350 crore into a
Gujarat Global Investors’ Summit
Bangalore based Century Real
(VGGIS) has virtually turned the
Estate. Baring, which has already
diamond city of Surat in Gujarat as
initiated the investment process,
the fast emerging hospitality and
has committed about $53 million
recreational hub. The township is
while overseas investors are
getting decked with over 50 hotel
contributing to the tune of $20
Source said that the company buildings, residential towers and
has been shedding its certain film city studios attracting a
assets in India from time to time whopping investment of `35,000
and even in the recent past, it has crore thereby opening up lakhs of
sold about a dozen premium employment opportunities to locals.
apartments in Mumbai under the According to reports, the
same exercise. The RMZ has hospitality sector cornered the lion
decided to build a residential share of investment as
complex on the patch of land for memorandum of understandings
which other bidders including (MoUs) worth `18,000 crore have
Hiranandani Upscale and Nitesh already been signed with the state
Estates had also participated. government. The hospitality majors
that are descending in the city
Hilton Heightens droves included Mumbai based
Atlanta Limited which is setting up
Hotels Plans in India luxurious beach resort and hotels
Inspired by the huge future worth `9,500 crore. The Trans
business potentials in the Indian Globe Infrastructure is building

38 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Real Estate

According to industry insiders, the next couple of quarters of the the emerging super power and the
the Baring and its co-investors are next fiscal to acquire land in areas industry needs to come out of box
picking up about 26% stake in the including New Delhi, Gurgaon and to build infrastructure compatible
holding company with one of the Chandigarh, Chief Financial Officer, and matching global standards.
largest land aggregators with an Ashok Tyagi said adding that the That is exactly what Vigneshwara is
estimated 3,000 acres of land bank demand in realty sector is picking doing as it feels the pulse of people
in the downstream southern parts up by the day and the company and build customized and
of the country. has also initiated the process of ulitararian projects.
land acquisition and the move has
Viceroy Hotels Plans resulted in exceeding its capital Govt Goes for
Expansion expenditure by `500 crore during
`1,000cr Realty Fund
the third quarter of the current
A Hyderabad based major In an attempt to streamline the
financial year.
hospitality player is all set to add smooth financing options for the
Alongside, the company is also
three more properties in areas real estate sector, the Union
divesting its non core assets, even
including Chennai and Bangalore Government has decided to set up
in the last quarter it sold some of
entailing an investment of `1,200 a fund worth `1,000cr which in turn
its non-contiguous land, which was
crore. The latest expansion push would act as a guarantee corpus to
not giving much economic value.
will take the company’s inventory of make it easy for banks to lend
To date, the company has made
hotel properties up from the current finance for real estate projects. The
`403 crore through divestment of
560 room to 1,250 rooms from its National Housing Bank (NHB)
non core assets during the third
six hotels. This also includes two would be a nodal agency for
quarter of the current fiscal thereby
marquee properties in Chennai and monitoring the functioning of the
taking its total realization from
Bangalore, Chairman and Managing proposed fund, which is being
divestments to `2,900 crore.
Director, P Prabhakar Reddy said. announced in the forthcoming
AIML Launches Budget, according to sources.
The real estate sector which
Dental Hospitals has an estimated debt of `75,000cr
Alliance Medicorp India Limited of which about `25,000cr is
(AMIL) in a partnership with expected to be repaid during the
Chennai-based Trivitron Group and current financial year, find it
Apollo Hospitals, has drawn up an increasingly tough to raise funds
ambitious plan to set up dental as banks are wary and cautious in
He added claiming that 387 hospital chain across the country lending for housing sector largely
rooms JW Mariott project, which is involving an investment of `100 due to recent spate of scams and
coming up at MRC Nagar in crore. In this connection, the allegations of siphoning of funds
Chennai at an investment of `650 company has already invested more by the developers for other
crore, is touching completion and than `30 crore and some of the purposes. By taking such an
will be commissioned in the next clinics would be ready by the end initiative, the government is aiming
one month. The Bangalore venture of the current fiscal. to put banks at ease by offering
which will again be a part of the guarantee in case of default.
Marriott brand Renaissance, is also Vigneshwara’s
a 277 rooms project and is among
the tallest structures with 22-storey
Hi-Tech Park Project
Administering technological push to
and 4.5 lakh of built up facility. It is
Gurgaon, the Haryana State
going to be commissioned very
Industrial Infrastructure Development
shortly, he claimed.
Corporation (HSIIDC) is setting up
DLF on Make Over a 150 acre technology corridor at
Manesar on the NH-8 in the
Drive Gurgaon district and work on the
India’s largest real estate builder, project has already been started by
the DLF Limited in a bid to further the Vigneshwara Developers.
consolidate its land holdings, has The Managing Director,
decided to make quarterly Vigneshwara Group, Sunil Dahiya
investment worth `400 crore over said India is on the threshold of

40 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


Chem Fires `1,160cr indicating that the recession is a out military missions. Stretching
thing of past and companies are across 10 acres, the aviation
Booster in SEZ aggressively coming forward for specific economic zone of the Aero
The pharma special economic zone investment. The project in question, Park is being set up with an option
(SEZ) is being built in partnership which has taken the total number for expansion as and when need
by the JB SEZ Private Limited with of projects in the state to 37, is arises.
HBS Realtors of Mumbai and JB reportedly getting huge investment
Chemicals, at Panoli in Gujarat. It response from across segments K Urban Plans for
and will provide 20,000 direct and
is slated for commissioning in the
indirect employment opportunities to
SEZ Projects
beginning of next year and is all
The prominent real estate player,
set to get `1,160 crore financial local masses.
Kumar Urban Development Limited,
booster from its promoters.
GMR-Rotorcraft Inks in a recent decision has planned to
arrange $100 million at the special
Aerospace SEZ Pact purpose vehicle level for its new
GMR Aviation SEZ Limited which is township and SEZ projects and the
a GMR Group company, in a recent company is scouting for SPV level
move, has agreed in principle with funding and expects to raise $100
Indian Rotorcraft Limited to fix a million for its project. The prevailing
space for the AW119ke helicopter period is the most opportune for
assembly and flight testing facility PE funds and some companies
at the GMR Aerospace Park in have already made the most of the
Hyderabad. prevailing scenario, Chairman, Lalit
According to company sources, The site for the proposed Kumar Jain said.
the promoters are investing about project has been selected by the
`160 crore in building roads and Indian Rotorcraft after an exhaustive
creating the related infrastructure process of evaluation of other
and the rest `1000 crore to set up potential sites across the country
other facilities including power, and the partners are all set to start
water effluent treatment and construction after securing
machinery plans. The SEZ necessary and appropriate
stretching across 312 acre of land governmental approvals. The first
is being financed through a aircraft is scheduled to be delivered
combination of models, depending from the new facility in 2012. The
on the facilities that are being set Tata Sons and AgustaWestland are
up, besides debt financing. leaders in their respective fields and
the GMR group takes pride of being
Greater Noida IT/ITeS chosen partner to these two
He added that about $60
million is being raised for the
SEZ Project companies, Chairman, GMR Group, company’s SEZ project, the balance
The Uttar Pradesh government in a G M Rao said. would be for the township project
recent development has cleared a He claimed adding that the 8- as both the projects are coming up
new IT/ITeS special economic zone seat AW119Ke is currently top of in Pune and expecting
for Greater Noida on the outskirts the range helicopters in the single overwhelming response and
of Delhi. The project, which is engine market with over 190 valuation from investors. So far as
stretching across 10 hectares will copters have already been ordered the township projects are
entail an investment of `612 crore, to date in around 30 countries by concerned, the company has
is being set up by the Delhi-based 90 customers. The helicopter is already roped in an anchor tenant
Artha Infratech Private Limited. The suited to perform a wide range of and is going to get potential
project is said to be the first to get tasks including law enforcement, investors with a strong business
approval after a period of two years utility, firefighting, EMS, VIP transport plan, he claimed.
offshore transport, besides carrying

42 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS SEZs / Equipment News

BEML Launches support and ground handling to the Hirco Group at Panvel in
equipment, will become fully Maharashtra. The township, which
`360cr Aero-plant in operational in 2012-13. In fact, the has been named as Hiranandani
BEML is scouting for opportunities Place Gardens, is a part of Hirco’s
SEZ to acquire firms to achieve its Panvel SEZ in the state and is
The BEML Limited is all set to business targets up to `100 crore expected to be ready in the next 24
launch an aerospace manufacturing annually in three years and it will months.
complex on an area of 25 acre in strive hard to notch `1,000 crore The contract includes the
the aerospace special economic businesses by 2016-17 and the construction of two commercial
zone at Devanahally on the outskirts current order book of the company buildings and a podium stretching
of the Bangalore city. Alongside the
stood at `4,300 crore, he claimed. up to an area of about 2 million
company is also scouting to acquire square feet. The first of the two
small firms to strengthen this P Lloyd Secures SEZ buildings will be ready within 12
business vertical, Chairman and months. The township is a mixed
Managing Director, V R S Natarajan Construction use project which will boast of the
said. The new plant, which will
manufacture gears for helicopters,
Contract world class residential complexes,
Punj Lloyd which is a renowned offices, educational institutions,
jigs for aircraft structures matching healthcare facilities, the commercial
builder engaged in the construction
aerospace components, fabrication towers would be built in the
business, has secured a contract
of structural sub assemblies for Su- proximity of the residential
for building two commercial
30 aircraft and variety of ground apartments, they added.
structures in a township belonging

Equipment News
Doosan Buys AE&E’s
Schwing Stetter Launches Pumps for Skyscrapers
Chennai Unit
Schwing Stetter, the makers of Elaborating on the latest The South Korea-based Doosan
concrete pumping equipment, has launches, he claimed that initially Heavy Industries and Construction
recently launched 2 pumps reaching the company will import the new Company in a recent buyout, has
beyond 100 metres in height and products from its overseas reportedly completed the acquisition
above or wherever the concrete facilities and will subsequently of Chennai unit of Austrian power
required to be poured by booms. manufacture the latest versions company AE&E. With the latest deal,
The latest product SP 2880 of concrete pumps in its Indian Doosan has secured manufacturing
machine with capacity of pumping facilities and indigenization will base in the growing Indian market
concrete vertically upto a height of also lead to a drastic cut in the for power plant boilers.
250 metres and SP 8800, which manufacturing cost thereby According to industry insiders,
can reach and take concrete right reducing prices up to 40% at the company in the recent past has
up to 500 metres of height, current price lines. Constructing been getting contracts in India as it
Managing Director (India) Anand highrise buildings is increasingly secured a contract for a supercritical
Sundaresan said. becoming the order of the day in boiler for NTPC owned Sipat
India and as many as 3x600mw power plant. Shortly after
35 highrise projects that, Tata Power ordered Doosan to
with varying heights of supply five supercritical boilers of
250 metres are 800mw each entailing an
currently coming up in investment of $1 billion and also
Mumbai metropolitan secured a contract from the GMR
city only thereby Energy to build the Raipur and
opening up huge Chhattisgarh thermal power plants
business potentials involving similar amount of
for the new concrete investment.
pumping equipment, They said adding that AE&E,
he claimed. which is an engineering design
services subsidiary (IDEA), had a

44 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Equipment News

few months ago secured its first indigenously built backhoe loader,
order for the supply six CFBC-type EarthMaster, has recently chalked
boilers of 150 mw each from the out an ambitious plan to
Essar group for the Salaya III manufacture the entire range of
project. With the Doosan arrival in construction equipment in next
Chennai, Tamil Nadu will have one couple of years.
more power equipment The company is aggressively
manufacturer after BHEL, Cethar entering into the construction a lion share of the market. The
Vessels, Ansaldo Caldale, Toshiba equipment market as India is company plans to bring out the
and BGR-Hitachi catering to the currently the single largest market complete range of these products
boilers and turbines market in the for backhoe loaders in the world as the infrastructure sector of the
emerging Indian power sector with requirements of about 25,000 country will entail an investment
scenario. units per annum and expected to worth `4 to 5 lakh crore recording
record 15% growth year on year a seven percent of the GDP and
M&M Enters into basis. The equipment, which is demand for these equipment is
Equipment Biz in Big Way largely used in building ports, road, bound to reach new highs in the
Breaking into the league of building and mining, the backhoe near future, Senior Vice President,
companies, among others, loader is a frontline machine and Automotive Strategy and Business,
Mahindra & Mahindra launched the is currently dominated by JCB with
Kairas Vakharia said.

Suretech—Sany Tie-up
Beijing Sany Heavy Machinery Ltd, engineering range of Suretech is
a SANY group company and the complete. Suretech, already a lead
largest manufacturer of Piling rigs player in Driven piles technology
in the world, announced its tie up being the largest seller of Vibratory
with one of the leading foundation Hammers and Hydraulic Impact
engineering solution providers in the hammers, is confident of creating a
country, Suretech. Sany which space for itself in the rotary piling
produces 1200 rotary piling rigs has rigs market with the distribution of
over 50% market share in China Sany.
with sales of more than 800 units. Beijing Sany is in the process
With the acquisition of distribution of setting up its infrastructure in
of Sany piling rigs, the foundation India and Suretech has been
chosen as their first distributor in
the country to represent them in in the capabilities of Suretech which
western India. Beijing Sany, like all also reflects in their decision to
Sany group companies intends to appoint Suretech as their first
achieve a leadership status in piling distributor in India for selling piling
rigs market in India by its rigs. Managing Director of Suretech,
aggressive sales and competent Mr. Surajit Mukherjee indicated that
product support services. One of piling rig market is rapidly expanding
the main reasons for selection of and there is ample scope for Sany
Suretech as a partner is because products to carve out a niche for its
of Suretech’s reputation in providing product in a market crowded by
excellent product support. Suretech Italian players. The Chairman of
has been consistently enhancing Suretech, Mr. Sunil Newatia feels
its reputation for more than 2 that Sany has risen above the
decades by providing excellent and market perception “Chinese quality”
effective after sales service to its and is a significant player in India
customers. known for its quality in the concrete
The General manager Sany, products. Sany shall follow the
Mr. Wen expressed his confidence same path with piling rigs as well.

46 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Budget 2011-12

Budget Opens New Vistas for Infra & Housing Sectors

Targeting a double digit growth for extended the tax holiday by a year
the 2011-12 fiscal the government till 2011-12 in the form of excise
in its Budget proposals has injected exemption on domestic power
the biggest ever hike in infra equipment and reduction in
spending by 23 per cent to withholding tax and the initiative is
`2,14,000 crore and ensuring free all set to boost to the power sector.
flow of funds to achieve the growth Extending an open invitation to
target. It has also pushed the limit foreign companies engaged in port
for FIIs investors in five years and logistics business, the
tradable infra bonds from the current government in its Budget proposals
$5 billion to 25 billion per annum. has allowed them to invest ` 5,000
Alongside the domestic investors crore in tax free bonds. It has also
have also been allowed to invest provided full exemption from import
`30,000 crore in tax free bonds duty on spares and capital goods
ensuring sufficient funds for key required for ship repairing units.
infrastructure segments including However, steel and cement prices
railways, ports, highways and may go northward as the Budget
housing sector. In addition, the proposed a 2 per cent increase in
government in its Budget proposals excise duties on steel products and
has allowed National Highway in regard to cement it is proposing
Authority of India (NHAI) to increase to replace the existing dual excise
its fund raising limit from the current rates on cement, based on selling
`4,000 crore to `10,000 crore per price with a single rate, which will
annum by way of selling tax free sector. result in pushing the retail price of
bonds. Ensuring sufficient funds for Pushing affordable housing the product. So far so good, the
the infra spending, the government sector to new high, the government Budget gives a well deserved leg-
apart from allowing the purchase of has increased the interest subsidy up to infrastructure and housing
tax free bonds and extending on a home loan up to `15 lakh from sector. How these proposals
income tax exemption on tax saving the current `10,000 to `15,000 per implemented in a timely manner to
in infrastructure bonds up to `20,000 annum, which will in turn boost low boost infrastructure development are
for one year, it is also setting up an cost housing across the country. the concern, hope and expectation
infra debt fund to promote foreign Similarly, the government in its across the board.
investment in the infrastructure Budgetary proposals has also

The Railways Budget

The railways budget rolled out an crore. Apart from laying new lines,
invetsment worth `57,630 crore, the the projects lying on hold will also
highest ever annual planned be completed during the fiscal. In
investment. It gave greater thrust to the process, `5,406 crore and
infrastructure projects in terms of `2,470 crore will be granted for
laying new lines with a length of doubling and gauge conversion of
1,000km entailing an investment the projects to complete 876km and
worth `9,830 crore. 1,017km rail lines respectively.
The planned investment is to be Meeting the shortage of wagons in
financed through a gross budgetary the Railways, including coaches and
support of `20,000 crore and locomotives, a sum of `13,820 crore
external source of financing through has been set aside for the
PPP model and various other acquisition of rolling stock.
sources contributing about `1,776

48 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

Sustainable Pavement Engineering

Rajib B. Mallick, Associate
Professor, Civil and A. Veeraragavan,
Environmental Engineering Professor, Indian
Department, Worcester Institute of Technology,
Polytechnic Institute (WPI), Madras (IIT-M),
Massachusetts, USA, Chennai

We Need Pavements are irreversible). Thus, pavement compatible and if possible,

engineering is a destructive and complementary to the other two
The need for safe, durable and
high impact activity. But remember components – buildings and nature.
smooth riding pavements on
the first sentence of this paragraph This means construction and
highways and in airports cannot be
– and herein lies the dichotomy of maintenance of pavements should
contended. Construction and
modern civilization – you build not be taxing the natural resources,
maintenance of pavements cost
something that you need but in the energy utilization should be
money – which is mostly provided
process you affect the earth in an minimized, byproducts in the form
through taxes that are collected from
irreversible harmful way. So what is of emissions should not be harmful
the citizens. The money is spent on
the solution? to the environment, and the layout
employing workers, quarrying and
There is most likely not “a” of the pavement should not be
manufacturing usable products,
solution, but multiple ones. In fact, significantly impacting the natural
transporting them, and laying down
they are more like “tools” that exist environment. Broadly speaking, this
and compacting the materials. In
in the pavement engineer’s toolbox, includes layout and type, design
this whole process, which gets
which could be used, as the need and construction of pavement. It is
repeated to different extents during
arises. It is the intent of this article only through this process we can
the maintenance and rehabilitation
to describe a few of such important ensure that our future generations
cycles, man-made material is laid
tools and their impacts. will have no/less problem of
down to cover virgin (most likely
continuing the work of building or
arable) ground (making it un-arable First Consideration maintaining/rehabilitating the
from that point onwards), a
First and foremost, the pavement pavement infrastructure. And, this is
significant amount of natural
infrastructure should be viewed as the very essence of sustainability.
resources is utilized, (non
part of a larger “system,” and not True sustainability consists of three
renewable) energy is consumed,
viewed alone. Buildings, pavements aspects - social, economic and
landfills are created, and different
and natural ground/water bodies environmental sustainability. The
types of chemicals (in the form of
(nature) form the built environment discussions in the following
gases) are emitted to the
in which we live and breathe. paragraphs refer to either one or
environment (all of these processes
Hence, pavements need to be

50 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

more of these three different types construction of new pavement Construction of

of sustainability. should be made. Proper
forecasting methods and Pavements
Design of Layout of mitigation procedures should be For construction of asphalt
Pavements 7. Consideration of traffic growth
pavements the key factors that need
to be considered are using local
Some of the more important issues
and providing adequate room for materials (to reduce transportation
with the layout/geometric design of
further growth should be made, related energy expenses), lowering
a pavement can be summarized as
such that traffic saturation does the need for new materials,
not lead to a drastic change in reducing production and
1. Protection of forests: forests
the character of the community construction temperature, using
provide a home to many species
and significant construction activity more environment-friendly products
of plants and animals and at the
could be avoided for a longer (such as bio-asphalt), and
same time serve as a source of
period of time. environment-friendly layers/mixes
economic products such as
The issues listed above can (such as those that would allow
timber and enjoyment for tourists.
be represented in terms of the percolation of water into the
Roads should be preferably
problems such as deforestation, soil layers and hence facilitate
designed away from forests, or in
noise pollution, crossing of habitat recharging of aquifer, and those that
a way that creates minimum
areas, flooding/storm water have reduced noise levels), utilizing
impact on them.
management, creation of wastage, mixes that would allow recycling or
2. Protection of wild life:
urban heat island effect, drinking reuse of discarded materials, and
Considerations must be made to
water pollution, air pollution, traffic longer lasting pavements, and
provide features that would
jams, soil erosion, and use of conducting a proper life cycle
minimize the effect of road
natural resources and energy. analysis.
construction on animals and
The above problems could be The favorable impact of using
subsequent vehicle-animal
solved with the use of one or more sustainable pavements is far
collisions (such as protected
of a variety of methods, which reaching. For example, if a recycling
cross overs).
include habitat connection across procedure is used to rehabilitate
3. Consideration of unique
roadways through underpasses or an existing pavement, then the
geological conditions, such as
overpasses, fencing along the road following benefits can be ensured:
steep slopes with vegetation or
for animal protection, amphibian 1. Less use of new natural
caves/landforms should be made.
rescue fences, storm water pollution resources such as mineral
Precaution should be taken to
prevention plan, pedestrian, bicycle, aggregates
avoid such areas where a slight
and transit access, noise barriers, 2. Significant reduction in
disturbance of the landscape
buffer zones, or specially planted transportation cost of new
would lead to a significant
slopes/embankments to reduce materials
irreversible disturbance of the
noise pollution, intersections with 3. Less amount of energy use in
local environment.
interchanges, use of pervious obtaining and processing new
4. Context-sensitive design should
surfaces in pavement or shoulders, materials (aggregates)
be adopted: the layout of the road
runoff treatment practices to clean 4. Less amount of energy use in
should conform to the values of
runoff water, avoiding
the communities through which it
sensitive aquifers,
is passing, by making sure that it
making the locations of
is integrated with the local
service connections
character – such as flora and
easily accessible,
fauna in rural areas.
providing easy access to
5. Access to critical areas, such as
emergency services, and
hospitals and police stations
defining an
should be provided, such that the
implementation strategy
road helps the local communities
to be followed during
and in return the people value
the road.
Some of these
6. Consideration of the impact of
desirable features are
diversion routes on the local Figure 1: Elements of a sustainable pavement
shown in Figure 1.
environment, during the infrastructure system (Courtesy: American Concrete
Pavement Association)

52 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

manufacturing new materials

(asphalt binder, cement)
5. Less emission and pollution of
the environment
6. Reduction or avoiding of filling
up precious landfill space
7. Significant reduction in overall
transportation energy, specifically
if an in-place recycling process is
There is a variety of recycling
techniques that are available today,
each having its applicability under
specific conditions, as shown in Figure 2: Pervious pavement cross section (Courtesy: Richard Bradbury, US Federal
Table 1. Highway Administration)
A pervious layer in roads would
allow the percolation of rain water is the option of using interlocking/ being developed, and one or more
to the lower layers, and offer the segmented concrete pavers. Even suitable methods can easily be
following benefits, that are related if not used in mainline, storm water adopted for regular use by the
to both groundwater as well as tree trenches can allow the industry. The selection of the
storm water/flood control: detention of a significant amount of specific method should be made
1. Recharge of ground water, and storm water for sufficient time on the basis of the availability of
hence a reduction in the potential before releasing it into the sewer the material, expertise and
of lowering of groundwater and system (Figure 3). experience with that specific
the related problems. Low energy mixes, particularly technology.
2. Detention of rain water and hence warm mix asphalt are becoming The use of binders
a lowering of the storm water more common these days, because manufactured from bio-resources is
volume that ends up in road of their inherent advantage of lower being researched and conducted in
sewer system; energy cost and lower emission different parts of the world. These
3. Filtering of storm water that is potential. Another key factor in binders are essentially derived from
contaminated by different methods considering warm mix asphalt is biomass – agricultural and forest
on the road; studies show that a the fact that because of lower residue with the help of biochemical
significant amount of suspended temperature, the asphalt binder or thermochemical processes. One
solids, phosphorous, zinc and undergoes less aging, and hence such example of bio binder which
hydrocarbons are removed. a better pavement mix is obtained is fully derived from vegetable is
For asphalt pavements, a typical during construction – which Vegecol from COLAS. Such binders
pervious pavement is obtained by translates to longer life and hence can be utilized for modifying asphalt
using asphalt treated permeable less frequent rehabilitation cycles. (< 10% replacement), extending
base over a layer of pervious stone There are different types of WMA asphalt binder (>25% replacement)
layer over the subgrade (with filter techniques available, such as or totally replacing asphalt. Different
material) as shown in Figure 2. For zeolites, wax, emulsion and foam - grades of such binders could also
concrete pervious pavements, there with newer products and techniques be used for cleaning road
equipment or partially replacing
fluxing agents. The advantages of
using such binders are significant
reduction in pollution – no SOx and
major reduction in NOx emissions,
and manufacturing from 100%
renewable agricultural products.
Furthermore, the temperature of mix
production could be reduced
One of the most exciting
technologies that are being
developed in pavement engineering

54 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

The key to successful use of

rubber modified asphalt binder is
successful incorporation and
retention of the rubber into the
binder/mix. As is the case for many
technologies, this is heavily
dependent on available plant and
construction equipment. For
example, appropriate technology
must exist to uniformly blend the
crumb rubber mechanically or
chemically with the binder, ensure
that the binder remains in that state
during transportation, and for proper
quality control test methods to test
and prevent the separation of the
rubber and the binder prior to
laydown and compaction. In terms
of recycling of other materials,
artificial aggregates such as blast
furnace slag, generated from steel
and iron production could be
successfully incorporated in paving
The production of Portland
cement, the key constituent in
concrete pavements and clinker
Figure 3: Stormwater tree trench concept applied in Green Street project in required for manufacturing of
Philadelphia (Courtesy: Glen J. Abrams, AICP, Watersheds Planning Manager, cement, are a major source of CO2
City of Philadelphia) emission in the modern world. The
use of limestone and supplemental
is the combined use of the recycling significant reduction in emission. cementitious materials (SCMs, such
and warm mix concepts to produce Example of such a project (in as fly ash from thermal power
good performing and long lasting Germany) is shown in Figure 4. plants using coal, and rice husk
pavements. Binder from renewable Recycling of discarded tires in ash) provide attractive options of
source could also be used in this the form of crumb rubber in asphalt reducing the use of cement and
process. Using sophisticated pavement mixes is now an accepted thereby cutting down its CO 2
materials and plant/process control practice in many parts of the world. footprint. Blended cement,
technology, it is now possible to Apart from allowing the user to avoid consisting of Portland cement and
effectively recycle close to 100% the filling up of precious landfill SCMs are becoming popular. For
reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) space with hazardous waste, this maintenance of concrete
material, at a reduced temperature process allows the user
(for example below 130 o C as to:
opposed to 150 o C) to meet 1. Incorporate more
emission requirements, and still asphalt binder (thicker
obtain a pavement which has film) in mixes to make,
excellent performance under both them longer lasting and
high and low temperatures, and durable
which can be opened to traffic 2. Use a coarser
quickly after construction, even at a gradation for specific
temperature which is higher than uses such as drainage
that at which conventional of water.
pavements could be opened. 3. Reduce noise levels
Overall, this translates to savings from pavements Figure 4: High RAP content recycling in Germany
in money and time, materials and significantly. (Courtesy: Gerhard Riebesehl, Storimpex Asphal Tec
Matthias Nölting, Sasol Wax GmbH)
natural resources and energy, and

56 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

pavements, modern techniques smoothness) – which translates to Cycle Assessment (SLCA), the IRF
such as dowel bar retrofits, cross lower amount of fuel spent and Greenhouse Gas Calculator, and
stitching, partial-depth repairs, joint hence lower amount of greenhouse PaLATE (Pavement Life-cycle
and crack resealing, slab gas emission. Furthermore, Assessment Tool for Environmental
stabilization, diamond grinding could because the surface of a concrete and Economic Effects).
be used to improve the conditions pavement reflects a higher amount
of concrete roads and at the same of solar energy than asphalt Workers
time avoid or reduce the need for pavement, concrete pavement helps Hundreds of thousands of human
energy intensive major repairs/ in reducing the indirect contribution beings – men, women and in many
rehabilitation work. of pavements towards the urban cases even children work in
The concept of perpetual heat island effect. And at nighttime, pavement related projects all over
asphalt pavement has been recently the lighter color of the concrete the world. In many cases, this work
proposed as a sustainable pavement surface helps in a goes on under extreme conditions
technology. The objective of this significant reduction in the amount of weather, in areas that are remote
technique is to provide thick and of energy that is needed for from basic facilities such as school
appropriately constructed (with illumination. However, note that or hospitals, and under conditions
specific mixes for different layers) smoothness has a significant of emissions/pollution from
layers such that the critical positive effect on gas mileage, construction conditions (smoke/gas/
responses (such as tensile strain) asphalt pavements are in general particulate emission). This makes
in the pavement are kept very low, smoother than concrete pavements, the entire realm of pavement
and as a result no major structural and the reflectivity of asphalt engineering socially unsustainable.
failure could be expected for a long pavements can be improved by Conditions must be improved such
period of time. The only using surface gritting or chip seals that environmental and economic
deterioration that could be expected with light colored aggregates, justice is prevalent among the
will be in the form of surface colorless synthetic binders and pavement workers. While there are
distresses, which could be relatively surface paints, and the surface many things that need to be done,
easily and economically addressed temperature could be reduced with first and foremost, it is the
by less involved rehabilitation the help of open graded friction responsibility of pavement
procedure, such as in place surface course. engineers to select materials and
recycling. Obviously, these Life cycle analysis (LCA) in methods such that working
pavements would cost more than pavement engineering is an conditions are improved. For
conventional pavements initially but established concept, and is utilized example, switching to warm mix
if constructed properly, they allow in many, if not most, high cost asphalt instead of hot mix asphalt
the users and the highway projects. However, traditionally, the will reduce harmful emissions
agencies to enjoy a better quality cost is evaluated in terms of significantly (Figure 5). Secondly,
and durable pavement with materials/construction/salvage cost engineers and authorities must
significantly reduced cycle of only. For sustainable pavement enforce strict safety regulations and
rehabilitation (the pavements need engineering, the environmental and provide for the basic necessities
to be maintained properly), and social cost must also be evaluated. such as protective body and eye
hence significant reduction in Furthermore, the cost of extending wears.
activities that could negatively impact the life of a pavement (and thus
the environment. lowering the life cycle cost) must Pavement-Building-
In terms of longevity, proponents be evaluated in the context of the
of the concrete pavement industry amount of natural resources and
argue that the longer life of concrete energy that are spent on producing As pointed out earlier, pavements
pavements translates to reduced the premium materials that are need to be considered as part of
needs for new natural resources, used to extend its life. The impact the built environment – going one
energy and waste disposal. Another of the pavement construction/ step forward, in the future;
important factor is that because of maintenance and rehabilitation pavements need to be considered
lower deflection in concrete should be evaluated in terms of all as part of a symbiotic system that
pavements and hence lower rolling three components of sustainability also includes buildings and the
resistance, the mileage is – social, economic and nature. Imagine a day when we will
increased by about 3.85% in environmental. Examples of such have smart pavements, that will be
concrete pavements over asphalt framework and components of able to self control temperatures
pavements (with similar framework are the Sustainability Life and adapt to changing
environmental conditions to sustain

60 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

United States, which awards silver,

gold and platinum certifications for
projects in increasing order of
contribution towards “improving
performance across all the metrics
that matter most: energy savings,
water efficiency, CO2 emissions
reduction, improved indoor
environmental quality, and
stewardship of resources and
sensitivity to their impacts.”
Regulatory bodies such as the
Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) in the US enforce strict
emission standards to prevent the
emission of harmful gases and
particulates into the atmosphere.
Figure 5: Range of reduction in emission through the use of Warm Mix Asphalt

loads without deforming or cracking,

will be able to harvest heat energy
from the solar radiation falling on
them, and supply this to buildings
for various uses, and in return, the
buildings will be keeping the
pavements below a critical
temperature, thus extending their
lives, and also reducing the amount
of heat that is radiated back into
the environment, and hence
indirectly reducing the urban heat
island effect. Multidisciplinary
research, as indicated in Figure 6,
needs to be conducted to make
this vision a reality.

Regulatory Bodies
and Impetus for
Adopting sustainable practices can
reduce many of the environmental
impacts of pavement construction.
However, both impetus and
regulations (“carrots and stick”)
need to be in place to accelerate
the adoption of sustainable
practices. Impetus in the form of
prestigious certification, first
voluntary, and then gradually,
mandatory, should be introduced.
Example of such certification is the
US Green Building Council’s
Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design (LEED) in the Figure 6: Multidisciplinary approach to consider pavement infrastructure as part
of the built environment

62 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Pavement Engineering

Human Factor education on existing and new

concepts of sustainability can be
Pavements are engineered
transmitted by this method, the
systems that need to be planned,
centers should also focus on
designed, constructed,
developing, through research,
maintained and rehabilitated by
new sustainable concepts and
knowledgeable and skilled
practices. And in that research, it
people. However, for achieving
is vital that engineers look at the
sustainable pavement
future – innovative, sophisticated
engineering, we need socially
materials and techniques, as
responsible engineers, with
well as into the past – to
broad vision and compassion for
determine what has survived over
humanity and respect for nature.
centuries without harmfully
Therefore, the preparation for
affecting our environment.
sustainability starts today in our
This has been a fairly long
Colleges and Universities with
article, and it is time for the
the students who will be joining
authors (and perhaps the readers
the profession tomorrow.
as well) to relax and sip a cup of
Professors, administrators and
tea– preferably in an Indian clay
the tax paying general public
cup– have you ever wondered
need to be educated on the
what a marvel of sustainable
impacts of pavement engineering
engineering the Indian clay cup
and the different ways to
is? It comes from the earth,
minimize such impacts. This can
serves its purpose in the most
be achieved by establishing
efficient way – even adds flavor
multidisciplinary centers of
to the tea, and then goes back
excellence in sustainable
completely into the earth, without
pavement engineering in major
leaving any lasting impact on the
colleges and Universities in
environment. We, pavement
conjunction with the industry and
engineers, have a lot to learn from
the government in the different
parts of the country. While

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 63

Equipment & Machinery

Allison Transmission-equipped Water Tankers

llison Transmission is relied and 2010 and a Hino FS 6x4
upon by fire and rescue purchased in 1992 – out of a total
services around the world for fleet of 24 vehicles of which 14
its fully automatic transmissions, have Allison transmissions. This
which provide a host of benefits to high proportion of water tankers
this most critical application. Easy among the fleet reflects the remote
to operate in an emergency, they locations served by the brigade.
ensure reliability and maximum Allison transmissions have
vehicle performance over any terrain. been specified on Clare County Fire
Low, and therefore less costly, & Rescue Service’s vehicles since
transmission maintenance the early 1990s. Now most new
‘‘The transmission is crucial in ensuring
requirements, enable vehicles to be vehicles, ordered through that the 18 tonne (gross vehicle weight)
kept on the road and ready for bodybuilders, come with an Allison, tanker arrives to the incident immediately
action. Besides regular fire-fighting and they have made then mark for behind its 11 tonne fire-fighting
trucks, Allison supplies their reliability and durability. counterpart,” explains Al Meaney, Clare
County’s maintenance supervisor.
transmissions to water tankers, The Hino 500 Series water
have played a significant role in tankers are equipped with a number
rural area fire-fighting, as of features to help support the tending to the fire. This allows fire
experienced by Clare County Fire & specific demands on the Clare fighters to continue extinguishing
Rescue Service, in Ireland. County fire brigade. The tanker the fire while the tanker leaves to
This fleet has five Allison- carries a dam (an inflatable water extract water from the nearest
equipped water tankers – four Hino pool), which it fills from the tank at source such as a river or lake. A
500 Series trucks acquired in 2009 the scene of the incident while water monitor on the roof can be
directed remotely from inside the
truck’s cab to spray forest fires as
the truck drives along the adjacent
road. A further pump located under
the front bumper is configured to
spray a mix of water and foam
additive to break up oil spills at
road traffic accidents.
Allison Transmission, Inc.
(Allison) is the premier global
provider of commercial duty
automatic transmissions and hybrid
propulsion systems. Allison
products are specified by over 250
of the world’s leading vehicle
manufacturers and are used in
many market sectors including bus,
refuse, fire, construction,
distribution, military and specialty
For further details please contact:
The Hino 500 Series water tankers are equipped with a number of features to help
support the specific demands on the Clare County fire brigade. For example, a water Tel: +31 (0)78-6422 174
monitor on the roof can be directed remotely from inside the truck’s cab to spray forest E-mail:
fires as the truck drives along the adjacent road.

64 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

Advances in
Bituminous Prof. Prithvi Singh

Road Construction
Kandhal, Associate Director
(Emeritus), National Center
for Asphalt Technology
(NCAT), Auburn University,
Alabama, U.S.A.

Introduction bituminous mixes, and recycling. penetration bitumen samples from

There is a need to incorporate these different refineries may have similar
An ambitious road construction plan
advances in MORTH specifications consistency (stiffness) at 25oC, but
is underway in India, which primarily
which are about 10 years old, to one may be softer than the other
involves bituminous pavements. At
keep abreast of latest technologies. when tested at 60oC, which is close
the present time, Ministry of Road
to the highest pavement
Transport & Highways (MORTH) Materials temperature on a hot summer day.
Specification for Road and Bridge
Paving Bitumen Bitumen which is very soft at high
Works, 2001 Edition is used for
Prior to July 2006, penetration temperature is undesirable because
construction of all roads including
graded road paving bitumen such it can cause rutting in bituminous
national highways. Advances in
as 60/70 was used in India. This pavement under heavy loads.
bituminous construction
grading system was based on Therefore, the Bureau of Indian
technologies are made in the world
empirical penetration test, which is Standards (BIS) adopted a viscosity
almost every year. This paper
conducted at 25oC. The penetration grading system for paving bitumen
describes such advances in terms
test measures the consistency of in July 2006 by issuing standard
of materials, mix design, special
bitumen. Although two 60/70 IS:73:2006. This system is based

66 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

on viscosity testing at 60 o C. temperature, and thermal cracking as much as 64oC, and the minimum
Penetration graded bitumen 60/70 at low temperatures. pavement temperature is –22oC.
was deleted and substituted with 5. As shown in Figure 1, the entire The high temperature grades
viscosity graded VG-30. Similarly, range of pavement temperature are PG 52, PG 58, PG 64, PG 70,
penetration graded bitumen 80/100 experienced at the project site is PG 76, and PG 82. The low
was deleted and substituted with considered. New testing temperature grades are –4, – 10, -
viscosity graded VG-10. equipments were developed/ 16, -22, -28, -34 and so forth. Both
Although the preceding adopted for testing bitumens for high and low temperature grades
advancement has been made, there this purpose. A rotational are in increments of 6 Celsius
is a need to advance further by viscometer is used to measure degrees.
adopting performance graded (PG) the bitumen viscosity at 135oC. A Example: A project location in
bitumen, especially for national dynamic shear rheometer is used Rajasthan has a maximum record
highways. The viscosity grading to measure the viscoelastic 7-day pavement temperature of
system gave excellent performance properties of the bitumen at two 70oC in summer and a minimum
results in the US for over 20 years. temperatures: high temperature record pavement temperature of –
However, the viscosity grading corresponding to the maximum 3oC. A PG 70-4 bitumen will be
system, although more rational than 7-day pavement temperature specified for paving that project.
the penetration grading system, during summer at the project site,
was still based on experience. A and intermediate temperature Aggregate
50-million dollar, 5-year Strategic corresponding to the average Many advances have been made in
Highway Research Program (SHRP) annual temperature of the characterization of coarse
was undertaken from 1987 to 1992 pavement at the project site. A aggregate, fine aggregate and
to develop a performance based bending beam rheometer and a mineral filler used in bituminous
grading system for bitumen, which direct tension tester are used to construction. However, one simple
was based on engineering measure the rheological test for characterizing particle shape
principles to address common properties of the bitumen at the & surface texture of fine aggregate
asphalt pavement distress lowest pavement temperature (sand) passing 4.75 mm sieve can
problems. The so-called Superpave during winter at the project site. be implemented easily in India. It
(acronym for Superior Performing The Superpave performance is desirable to have angular fine
Pavements) performance grading grade (PG) bitumen is based on aggregate particles in mix so as to
system includes new bitumen tests climate. For example, PG 64-22 resist rutting in bituminous
and specifications with the following bitumen is suitable for a project pavements. Whereas angularity of
salient features: location, where the average 7-day coarse aggregate (retained on 4.75
1. Tests and specifications are maximum pavement temperature is mm sieve) can be evaluated by
intended for bitumen “binders,”
which include both modified and
unmodified bitumens.
2. The physical properties
measured by Superpave bitumen
tests are directly related to field
performance by engineering
principles rather than just the
3. A long-term bitumen aging test,
which simulates aging of
bitumens during 5-10 years in
service, was developed and
included for the first time.
4. Tests and specifications are
designed to eliminate or minimize
three specific types of asphalt
pavement distresses: rutting,
fatigue cracking, and thermal
cracking. Rutting typically occurs
Figure 1: Superpave performance grade bitumen testing is conducted over the entire
at high temperature, fatigue range of temperature experienced at the project site
cracking at intermediate

70 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

naked eye, it is not easy to do so Mix Design specimen with gyratory action (see
in case of fine aggregate particles. schematic of SGC in Figure 3)
Marshall Mix design is currently
The schematic of the test rather than impact compaction as
used in India for designing
equipment for measuring fine is done with Marshall hammer.
bituminous mixes. In any mix
aggregate angularity (FAA) is shown Gyratory compaction also simulates
design, it is desirable to compact
in Figure 2. It can be fabricated field compaction with rollers in
laboratory specimens to a density
easily in India. FAA test procedure terms of aggregate particle
which is expected to be achieved in
has been adopted as standard orientation. Depending on the traffic
the bituminous course after 2-3
AASHTO Test 304. level in ESALs (equivalent single
years of densification under traffic.
A calibrated cylindrical measure axle loads) expected on the
For designing bituminous mixes for
is filled with fine aggregate of highway, desired compaction level
heavy traffic, 75 blows each are
prescribed grading by allowing the can be obtained in SGC by varying
applied with a Marshall impact
sample to flow through a funnel the number of gyrations without
hammer on both sides of the
from a fixed height into the causing any significant degradation
specimen. This laboratory
cylindrical measure. The fine of aggregate in the mix.
compaction level worked well in the
aggregate is struck off at the rim, Another advantage of SGC is
past. However, it was observed in
and its mass is determined by that a densification curve (number
the US during the 1980s that the
weighing. Uncompacted void of gyrations versus compacted
field density of in-service
content in the fine aggregate is density of specimen) is obtained
bituminous pavements was
calculated as the difference between during the compaction process. At
significantly higher than the
the volume of the cylindrical least three different gradations of
laboratory design density obtained
measure and the absolute bulk the proposed mix are evaluated in
with 75 blows. This was attributed
volume of the fine aggregate the Superpave mix design to select
to increased truck tyre pressures
collected in the measure. Bulk the gradation which has the
and new tyre designs with stiffer
volume of the fine aggregate is strongest aggregate skeleton.
side walls. Therefore, 75-blow
calculated from its mass and its
bulk dry specific gravity.
compaction level appeared Special Bituminous
inadequate. Increasing the number
This test is based on the
concept that round particles pack
of blows was not desirable Mixes
because it merely caused Stone Matrix Asphalt
closer than angular particles and
degradation (breakage) of Stone matrix asphalt (SMA) was
therefore produce lower
aggregate particles in the developed in Germany in the mid
uncompacted void content, that is,
specimen. 1960 and it has been used very
lower FAA value. A FAA value of 45
During SHRP, a new Superpave successfully by many countries
or more is desirable to ensure that
mix design method was developed including US as a highly rut-
the fine aggregate is angular and
in the US. A Superpave gyratory resistant bituminous course, both
does not contain any natural sand,
compactor (SGC) was developed for binder (intermediate) and
which normally has rounded
which compacted the laboratory wearing course for heavy traffic

Figure 2: Schematic of equipment for

Figure 3: Schematic of Superpave gyratory compactor
testing fine aggregate angularity (FAA)

72 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

Fig. 4a Stone matrix asphalt cross-section Fig. 4b Conventional hot mix asphalt cross-section

roads. SMA is tough, stable, rut- 2008), which was drafted by the pavement surface friction) and
resistant mix that relies on stone- author to facilitate its use in India. A durability. This has been
on-stone contact to provide strength manual containing detailed accomplished by one or more of
and a rich mortar binder to provide guidelines for designing and the following: use of polymer
durability. constructing SMA mixtures was modified asphalt binders, relatively
Figure 4 provides a cross- developed by the author in the US higher bitumen content (by using
sectional representation of the for practicing engineers. cellulose fibers), and/or relatively
difference between SMA and dense- open gradations.
graded conventional bituminous mix. Open Graded Asphalt Figure 5 shows an interstate
In a conventional dense graded mix, Friction Course highway in the US, where OGFC
coarse aggregate particles (retained Open graded asphalt friction course was used in the lanes on the right
on 4.75 mm sieve) are separated (OGFC) is an open graded hot mix side and dense graded bituminous
by fine aggregate matrix, which asphalt mixture with interconnected mix was used in the lanes on the
primarily carries the load. In SMA, voids that provide improved surface left side. Note the dramatic
coarse aggregate particles have drainage during rainfall. The difference: there is no standing
stone-on-stone contact forming a rainwater drains vertically through water and absence of splash/spray
stone skeleton which carries the the OGFC to an impermeable on the lanes on the right side during
load. underlying bituminous layer and rain.
Since SMA mix has relatively then laterally to the day lighted A manual giving detailed guidelines
higher bitumen content, cellulose (exposed) edge of the OGFC on design, construction and
fiber is added to the mix to minimize onwards to shoulder. In addition to maintenance of OGFC was
drain down of bitumen in trucks minimizing hydroplaning potential developed by the author for use by
during transportation of the mix from during rainfall and providing practicing engineers in the US. Due
plant to project site. Although the improved friction values on wet to economic considerations, OGFC
cost of SMA is typically about 25- pavements, the OGFC offers the should be used in India selectively
30% higher than the cost of dense following advantages compared to in regions with heavy rainfall and
graded bituminous mix, it is still other dense graded surfaces: (a) stretches of roads prone to
economical considering life cycle reduced vehicle splash and spray accidents resulting from skidding
costs. behind vehicles, (b) reduced tyre- on wet pavement.
SMA has been widely used in pavement noise, (c) enhanced
the US since 1991 for heavy-traffic visibility of pavement markings, and Warm Mix Asphalt
roads. It must also be used in (d) reduced night time surface glare Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is a fast
India for heavy corridors especially in wet weather. emerging new technology which
when overloading is also common. Numerous states in the US has a potential of revolutionizing
Indian Roads Congress (IRC) has currently using OGFC have the production of asphalt mixtures.
recently published a tentative experienced excellent performance WMA technology allows the mixing,
specification for SMA (IRC:SP:79- in terms of safety (improved wet lay down, and compaction of

74 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

and non visible) from the because the loss of lighter oils
burning of fossil fuels at a will be less at relatively lower
significantly reduced level mixing temperatures. This may
compared to HMA (Figure enhance asphalt pavement
6). This would permit durability.
asphalt plants to be located ♦ Extended paving season. By
in and around non- producing WMA at normal HMA
attainment areas such as temperatures, it may be possible
large metropolitan areas to extend the paving season into
that have air quality the colder months of the year or
restrictions. in places located on high altitudes
♦ Decreased fumes and since the WMA additives or
Figure 5: Lanes on the right have OGFC and lanes on odour. WMA produces lower processes act as a compaction
the left have dense graded hot mix asphalt on a fumes and odour both at aid. Further by narrowing the
interstate in the US. Note absence of standing water the plant and the paving difference between compaction
and splash/spray on the lanes on the right side.
site compared to HMA. This temperature and ambient air
would also result in temperature the rate of cooling is
asphalt mixes at significantly lower
improved working conditions at decreased. WMA may also be
temperatures compared to hot mix
both places. transported over longer distances
asphalt (HMA). The technology can
♦ Decreased binder aging. Short- as compared to HMA with reduced
reduce production temperatures by
term aging of liquid asphalt binder loss of mix temperature in the
as much as 30%. Asphalt mixes
takes place when it is mixed with hauling units. This advantage
are generally produced at 150°C or
hot aggregate in pug mill or should facilitate the Indian Border
greater temperatures depending
mixing drum. This aging is Roads Organization (BRO) in
mainly on the type of binder used.
caused by the loss of lighter oils constructing asphalt roads in high
WMA mixes can be produced at
from the liquid asphalt binders altitude and/or remote areas far
temperatures of about 120°C or
during mixing at high away from hot mix plants.
temperatures. It is believed that ♦ Compaction aid for stiffer mixes.
The development of WMA was
the short-term aging of the binder WMA additives and processes
initiated in Europe in the late 1990s
will be reduced significantly may be used to improve the
primarily in response to the need
for greenhouse gas reduction under
the Kyoto Protocol. WMA
technologies such as Aspha-min,
WAM Foam, and Sasobit were
developed during that time. New
WMA technologies such as
Evotherm, Rediset WMX, REVIX, LEA
(Low Energy Asphalt) and Double
Barrel Green were later developed
within the US.
Warm mix asphalt offers the
following significant advantages:
♦ Energy savings. The most
obvious benefit of WMA is the
reduction in fuel consumption.
Fuel is used to dry and heat the
aggregate. Studies have shown
that lower plant mix temperatures
associated with WMA can lead to
as much as 30 percent reduction
in energy consumption. Figure 6: Emission can be seen from the hot mix asphalt at 320 F (160 C) in left
♦ Decreased emissions. WMA truck. No emission is visible from the truck in right containing warm mix asphalt at
produces emissions (both visible 250 F (121 C). (Photo courtesy: Matthew Corrigan, FHWA)

76 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

compactibility of stiff mixes when or use of damp aggregate. Asphalt aggregates, the distribution of
mix is produced closer to typical binder temperature typically is the these sources does not always
HMA production temperatures. same as that used for hot mix coincide with the location of need.
Smaller reductions in temperature asphalt. 3. Recycled materials have proven
may also be possible. There is Technologies that use organic to be equal or even better than
extensive experience with the use additives or waxes lower the asphalt new materials in quality. Hot mix
of certain types of WMA with SMA binder viscosity above their asphalt (HMA) overlay on recycled
in Europe. respective melting points. It should base is expected to perform better
♦ Increased amount of RAP. be ensured that their melting points than an HMA overlay on the
Research has shown that the are above the in-service pavement existing surface, even though they
percentage of reclaimed asphalt temperatures during hot summers have the same thickness,
pavement (RAP) can be increased so that permanent deformation or because the former can
in WMA compared to HMA during rutting does not become a problem. substantially reduce the potential
hot recycling. Technologies that use some of reflective cracking through the
♦ Generation of carbon credits for chemical additive and /or surfactants surface course.
India. Developing countries like produce a variety of different 4. Recycling can maintain pavement
India can earn CERs (Certified mechanisms to coat the aggregate geometrics as well as pavement
Emission Reductions) or at lower temperatures. thickness. The existing pavement
popularly known as carbon credits It appears WMA technology is structure can be strengthened by
under the Kyoto Protocol if about to take off in India. There is recycling without adding
technologies such as WMA are a need to incorporate WMA substantial overlays. In some
introduced and implemented. specifications in MORTH cases, the traffic disruption is
At the present time a mix is specifications. lesser than that for other
considered warm mix in the US if rehabilitation techniques.
the mix produced at the plant has Recycling of 5. Recycling can save considerable
temperature exceeding 100ºC but amount of energy compared to
significantly below that of a normal
Bituminous conventional construction
hot mix. WMA has a wide range of Pavements techniques. This factor is of
production temperatures ranging Recycling of existing asphalt significant importance during an
from slightly over 100ºC to about pavement materials to produce new energy crisis like the one
20 to 30ºC below typical HMA pavement materials results in experienced during the 1972 Arab
temperatures. WMA technologies are considerable savings of material, oil embargo.
also applicable to mixes made with money, and energy. The specific Over the years, recycling has
polymer modified asphalt binders. benefits of recycling can be become one of the most attractive
WMA technologies can be summarized as follows: pavement rehabilitation alternatives.
classified broadly as (a) those that 1. When properly used, recycling With the continuous accumulation
use water, (b) those that use some can result in substantial savings of performance data, field and
type of organic additive or wax, and over the use of new materials. laboratory evaluations of recycled
(c) those that use chemical Also, the cost of haulage can be mixes, and with the simultaneous
additives or surfactants. avoided if recycling is performed development of realistic
Technologies which introduce in place. The need for economic performance oriented guidelines it
small amounts of water to hot consideration is felt now more is expected that recycling will
asphalt binder, take advantage of than ever, because of tightening continue to be the most attractive
the phenomenon: when water turns budgets and ever increasing cost rehabilitation technique.
into steam at atmospheric pressure of materials. Different recycling methods are
it expands in volume by a factor of 2. Recycling can help in now available to address specific
1,673. This causes tremendous conservation of natural resources pavement distress and structural
increase in the volume of asphalt by reducing the need for new needs. A brief description of these
binder which not only helps in materials. This translates to recycling methods follows.
coating the aggregate easily but substantial savings in aggregate The Asphalt Recycling and
also lowers the mix apparent resources and demand for Reclaiming Association define five
viscosity. Processes to introduce asphalt binder (bitumen), different types of recycling methods:
water into the asphalt binder consist especially during supply (1) Cold Planing; (2) Hot Recycling;
of foaming nozzles, use of interruptions. Even though there (3) Hot In Place Recycling; (4) Cold
hydrophilic material such as zeolite may be an abundant supply of In-Place Recycling; and (5) Full

80 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

Depth Reclamation. plant is heated by superheated depth of treatment varies between

Cold planing is described as virgin aggregate. If the amount of 20 to 40 mm (3/4 in to 1½ in). The
an automatic method of removing RAP exceeds 15-20 percent, a Asphalt Recycling and Reclaiming
asphalt pavement to a desired softer asphalt binder is used to Association (ARRA) has identified
depth and restoration of the surface rejuvenate the aged asphalt binder three HIR processes; (a) surface
to a desired grade and slope and in the RAP. The mix placement and recycling, (b) repaving, and (c)
free of humps, ruts and other compaction equipment and remixing. In a surface recycling
distresses. This method can be procedures are the same as for operation the existing asphalt
used for the roughening or texturing regular HMA. Typical RAP to new surface is heated and scarified to a
of a pavement to improve frictional aggregate ratio varies from 10:90 specified depth. The scarified
resistance. Cold planing is to 30:70 with a maximum of 50:50 material is combined with
performed with a self propelled (drum plant). The advantages of hot aggregate and/or recycling agent.
rotary drum cold planing machine mix recycling include significant The mix is then compacted. A new
with the reclaimed asphalt structural improvement, equal or overlay may or may not be placed
pavement (RAP) transferred to better performance compared to on the recycled mix. In the second
trucks for removal from the job site. conventional HMA, and capability to type of HIR method, repaving, the
The resulting pavement can be correct most surface defects, surface recycling method is
used immediately by regular traffic deformation, and cracking. combined with a simultaneous
and overlaid at some future time or Hot in place recycling (HIR) overlay of new hot mix asphalt
left as a textured surface. consists of a method in which the (HMA). Both the scarified mix and
Hot recycling or hot mix existing pavement is heated and the new HMA are rolled at the same
recycling is the process in which softened, and then scarified or hot time.
reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) rotary mixed to a specified depth. In the case of remixing, the
material is combined with new New HMA or recycling agent may scarified RAP material is mixed with
materials, sometimes along with a be added to the RAP material virgin HMA in a pug mill, and the
recycling agent, to produce hot mix during the recycling process. HIR recycled mix is laid down as a
asphalt (HMA) mixtures. Both batch can be performed either as a single mix. The advantages of hot
and drum type hot mix plants are single pass or a multiple pass in place recycling are that surface
used to produce recycled mix. The operation. In single pass operation, cracks can be eliminated, ruts and
RAP material can be obtained by the restored RAP material is shoves and bumps can be
milling or ripping and crushing combined with new material. In corrected, aged asphalt binder is
operation. RAP at ambient multiple pass operation, the rejuvenated, aggregate gradation
temperature when introduced in restored RAP material is and asphalt content can be
weigh hopper of the batch plant recompacted first, and a new modified, traffic interruption is
(Figure 7) or drum of the drum wearing surface is applied later. The minimal, and hauling costs are
In cold in place recycling (CIR),
the existing pavement material is
reused without the application of
heat. Except for any recycling agent,
no transportation of materials is
usually required, and, therefore,
haulage cost is very low. Normally,
an asphalt emulsion is added as a
recycling agent. The process
includes pulverizing the existing
pavement, sizing of the RAP,
application of recycling agent,
placement, and compaction. The
use of a recycling train, which
consists of pulverizing, screening,
crushing, and mixing units, is quite
common. The processed material
is deposited in a windrow from the
Figure 7: Hot mix asphalt recycling in a batch plant mixing device, where it is picked
up, placed, and compacted with

82 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Composites Pavement

conventional hot mix asphalt lay construction in terms of materials, Journal of the Indian Roads
down and rolling equipment. The mix design, special bituminous Congress, Volume 71-2, 2010.
depth of treatment is typically from mixes, and recycling. These include ♦ Kandhal, P.S. Recycling of
75 to 100 mm (3 to 4 in). performance grading system for Asphalt Pavements: An Overview.
The advantages of cold in place paving bitumen; measuring particle Association of Asphalt Paving
recycling include significant shape of fine aggregate; Superpave Technologists, Asphalt Paving
structural improvement, treatment of mix design; stone matrix asphalt Technology, Vol. 66, 1997.
most pavement distress, (SMA); open graded asphalt friction ♦ Kandhal, P.S. and R.B. Mallick.
improvement of ride quality, course (OGFC); warm mix asphalt Pavement Recycling Guidelines
minimum hauling and air quality (WMA); and four types of asphalt for State and Local Governments.
problems, and capability of pavement recycling. Federal Highway Administration
pavement widening. Publication No. FHWA-SA-98-042,
References December, 1997.
Full depth reclamation has been ♦ Kandhal, P.S. An Overview of the
defined as a recycling method Viscosity Grading System Adopted About the Author
where all of the asphalt pavement in India for Paving Bitumen. Indian Prof. Prithvi Singh Kandhal is
section and a predetermined Highways, Volume 34, No. 4, April Associate Director (Emeritus) at
amount of underlying material are 2007. the National Center for Asphalt
treated to produce a stabilized base ♦ Roberts, F.L., P.S. Kandhal, E.R. Technology (NCAT) based at
course. It is basically a cold mix Brown, D.Y. Lee, and T.W. Auburn University, Alabama, U.S.A.
recycling process in which different Kennedy. 'Hot Mix Asphalt NCAT is the largest asphalt
types of additives such as asphalt Materials, Mixture Design and (bitumen) road technology center
emulsions and chemical agents Construction.' NAPA Education in the world. Prior to joining NCAT
such as calcium chloride, Portland Foundation, Lanham, Maryland, in 1988, Kandhal served as Chief
cement, fly ash, and lime, are Second Edition, 1996. Asphalt Engineer of the
added to obtain ail improved base. ♦ Kandhal, P.S. and F. Parker. Pennsylvania Department of
The four main steps in this process 'Aggregate Tests Related to Transportation for 17 years. He is
are pulverization, introduction of Asphalt Concrete Performance in the first person born outside North
additive, compaction, and Pavements.' Transportation America, who has held the
application of a surface or a Research Board, National following three very prestigious
wearing course. If the in place Cooperative Highway Research positions in the asphalt technology
material is not sufficient to provide Program Report 405, 1998. area:
the desired depth of the treated ♦ Kandhal, P.S. 'Aggregate Tests ♦ President, Association of Asphalt
base, new materials may be for Hot Mix Asphalt:' State of the Paving Technologists (with
imported and included in the Practice. Transportation Research members from all continents in
processing. This method of Board Circular No. 479, the world)
recycling is normally performed to December, 1997. ♦ Chairman, American Society for
a depth of 100 mm to 305 mm (4 ♦ Kandhal, P.S. Design, Testing and Materials (ASTM)
to 12 in). The advantages of full Construction, and Maintenance of International Committee on Road
depth reclamation are that most Open-Graded Asphalt Friction Paving Standards (responsible
Courses. National Asphalt for over 200 highway standards
pavement distresses are treated,
Pavement Association Information used worldwide)
hauling costs are minimized,
Series 115, May 2002. ♦ Chairman, Transportation
significant structural improvements
♦ Kandhal, P.S. Designing and Research Board Committee on
can be made (especially in base),
Constructing Stone Matrix Asphalt Asphalt Roads, U.S. National
material disposal problems are
Mixtures State-of-the-Practice. Academy of Sciences
eliminated, and ride quality is
National Asphalt Pavement Prof. Kandhal has published
Association Quality Improvement over 120 technical papers and has
Publication QIP-122 (Revised co-authored the first ever textbook
Summary Edition), March 2002. on asphalt road technology, which
This paper describes recent ♦ Kandhal, P.S. Warm Mix Asphalt is used by more than 25
advances in bituminous road Technologies: An Overview. universities in the U.S.

India's Largest Infrastructure & Construction Sector Portal
84 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Experiences with
Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA)
Sant Kumar Sehgal and Bernd Abele

Review In 1975, the use of studded the German ZTV Asphalt (Technical
tires was banned. In the following Specifications and Guidelines for
In the sixties and early seventies,
time surface courses with asphalt the Construction of Asphalt
studded tires were used in
concrete and prototype SMA mixes Pavements), issued by the Federal
Germany during wintertime. The
showed a different performance of Department of Transportation.
wear of asphalt surface courses
heavily trafficked higways: asphalt Years after the successful
under the spikes was extreme.
concrete with a high bitumen application of the Stone Mastic
Research and investigations on the
content was disposed to permanent Asphalt principle in Germany, other
performance of surface courses of
deformation, whereas asphalt European countries are using this
asphalt concrete (AC) and
concrete with a low bitumen content philosophy also for heavy traffic
gußasphalt verified that wear and
was disposed to aging and roads. Now, many countries
rutting by studded tires was
preliminary cracking. However under worldwide have taken over the
increased by:
equal conditions both types of philosophy of the Stone Matrix
♦ high air void content of the surface
distress were not observed with Asphalt.
SMA - surface courses. Practical
♦ low bitumen content, The Philosophy of
experiences and observations
♦ inadequate quality and quantity
proved that SMA is a better mix
of aggregates.
than asphalt concrete. Since high
The SMA - Concept
In the end of the sixties, these The philosophy of the SMA - concept
performance highways, especially
results were the starting point for can be summarized briefly as
the “Autobahn,” have been an asset
several large companies of the follows:
of the transportation-system, there
asphalt paving industry to develop ♦ High stability to permanent
has been constant strive for better
specific mixes which were deformation and high wear
pavements and asphalt mixes.
published under different proprietary resistance by an excellent particle
Consequently, SMA has gradually
names. Later, all these mixes were interlock and a high content of
improved by investigations, tests
standardized and called Stone crushed premium aggregates.
and feedbacks from highway
Mastic Asphalt or Stone Matrix ♦ Longevity and durability to
projects. Finally in 1984, SMA
Asphalt like in India (see premature cracking and raveling
passed the stage of a contractor`s
IRC:SP:79:2008). by a very high content of bitumen
proprietary product. It was
and a void less mastic mortar
standardized and became a part of

86 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


which fills the voids of the stone

skeleton and binds it together:
high quality and quantity of
bitumen are prerequisite for a long
useful service life.
♦ Stabilizing additives assurances
the homogeneity (no binder
drainage) of the mix during the
manufacturing, transportation and
laying. As a side effect, they
improve the stability.
Summary: High quality and high
quantity of bitumen and coarse gap-
graded aggregates are the
essentials for a long service life of
Figure 1 shows the gradation
Figure 1: Gradation curve SMA 11
curve for SMA 11 according to
German ZTV Asphalt specification.
♦ High stability against permanent performance
Advantages of Stone deformation ♦ Broad range of application
♦ High wear resistance ♦ Longer service-life
Matrix Asphalt ♦ Slow aging and durability to ♦ Higher asphalt content
The SMA-Concept has shown premature cracking of the asphalt ♦ Premium materials and additives
significant advantages for heavy ♦ Good low temperature ♦ Better long-life behavior
traffic roads worldwide:

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 87


Mineral type
The mineral type is specified in the
TL Gestein (technical deliver
specifications of mineral
aggregates). The TL-Gestein is
based on the European
Specification EN 13043. As
minerals should be used granite,
diabas, basalt etc. Limestone,
sandstone and “soft” minerals
shouldn’t be used. Because of the
longevity of the SMA and the low
content of crushed sand, the
minerals/aggregates must have a
high resistance to polishing (high
polished stone value; PSV 48) and
they also need to have a good
aggregate abrasion value (LA 20).
Furthermore, if available, the use of
two different types of minerals can
improve the performance and skid

Usually mineral filler (grounded
limestone) is used.

Specifications Aggregates 100% of the sand fraction must be
Technical specifications and Double crushed tough premium crushed.
guidelines for the construction of aggregates of definite size,
asphalt pavements are always the soundness, shape etc., e.g. max. Gradation
conclusion of experience. In the 20% of flaky and elongated Gap-graded: very high content of
following, some requirements of aggregates; all aggregates crushed coarse aggregates, see
SMA and its ingredients are (aggregates, sand, filler) need to Figure 2.
explained. The European and be under a permanent quality If you have no problems with
German specifications for Stone assurance, which is independent the aggregates used in asphalt
Matrix Asphalt can be found at Table an from a third party. concrete, you will also have no
1 and Table 2. problems in the SMA-mixture. If you
have problems with the aggregates
used in asphalt concrete you will
have more problems using these
aggregates in SMA.

The use of the particular bitumen
quality predominantly depends on
climate and traffic conditions. Paving
grade bitumen and polymer
modified bitumen is specified by
European standard EN 12591 and
EN 14023 (PmB).

90 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


significantly increased.
The Stone Matrix
Asphalt is appropriate
♦ Highways
♦ Federal roads
♦ Rural roads
♦ Urban roads
♦ Airports
♦ Industrial areas
There are no
special regulations in
the European
Specifications 13108-5
for the design of SMA
surface courses. The
choice of SMA mix
design is at the
discretion of the client
when preparing the
RFP (requirements for
pavement). For the
highway projects, SMA
is the most favourite
and acceptable
asphalt mix and
therefore - by
experience – it is used intensively
for these highway pavements.
By the selection of SMA, there is a
strong tendency to a smaller top
size, i.e. from 11 mm to 8 or 5 mm
top size aggregates, because of
the following reasons:
♦ Lower unit price per sq. m
because of smaller thickness is
♦ Less noise under traffic
♦ Better skid resistance
By the same reasons a SMA 16
Figure 2: Good coarse aggregate skeleton
mm surface course is not
standardized in 16 mm SMA mixes
Additives experienced. More requirements are of 16 mm and even larger top size
According to the specifications the given in Table two. are not used:
following additives are permitted: ♦ a larger top size requires a
Range of Application greater thickness which means a
♦Cellulose fibers
SMA is adequate and it is higher unit price per sq. m,
♦ Polymers
♦Artificial silicious material.
recommended for any surface ♦ larger top sizes generate more
course. It is especially used for all traffic noise; but there is a strong
The selection of the additive
heavy traffic roads: SMA is much demand of public to reduce traffic
and its quantity is a part of the
more economical (Long-life Asphalt noise.
duties and responsibilities of the
pavements 2007, EAPA) than
Reclaimed asphalt isn’t being
asphalt concrete. Since the Mix Design
specifications were introduced in There is no specific mix design
used for SMA; the feasibility has
1984, the use of SMA has method for SMA, but there are
not yet been evaluated and

92 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


information sheets for initial specifications are recommended: adequate to avoid segregation of
suitability tests on hot mix asphalt. ♦ Change total content or content the gap-graded coarse aggregates
The steps of the evaluation of of single sizes of crushed and the high bitumen content. The
an appropriate job mix formula aggregates additive has to be a bitumen carrier;
(JMF) according to the information ♦ Change filler content polymer as a bitumen improver is
sheet mentioned above are as ♦ Change mortar content not sufficient. All SMA-JMFs with
follows: It has to be emphasized that polymers also had a lower bitumen
a) In accordance with the RFP the Marshall-stability and -flow are content than required or they had
(requirements for pavement) and not an adequate basis for the right additionally fibers mixed in to
with respect to its experiences choice and evaluation of the SMA achieve the requirements of each
with former JMFs, mixing, paving, job mix formula. country.
performance during the time of d) Drain-down test: Additives are Cellulose fiber shows no chemical
warranty, and - last but not least - necessary to avoid drainage of reaction with the bitumen and it is
the price, the contractor selects binder from the coarse inert to mixing temperatures and it
the aggregates and the filler. with aggregates during mixing, works excellently. Because of the
the selected material (aggregates, transportation and paving. performance of the cellulose fibers,
sand, filler, additives) and on the Therefore, a drain-down test must the technical assistance of the
basis of the feedback from other be performed for the evaluation supplier and - last but not least -
sites and JMFs, a tentative of the appropriate and necessary the relatively low price of the fibers,
gradation is chosen. But there content of the additive. The the usage and the market share of
are requirements for abrasion Schellenberg Binder Drainage the different types of additives for
value, polish stone value, freezing- Test (Figure 3) is standardized in SMA e.g. in Germany is as follows:
thawing-test, etc. Germany and in the European Cellulose fibers 95%, the rest
b) Mixes with the required Union (EN 12697-18: Bituminous mineral fibers and other additives.
minimum asphalt content and mixtures – Test methods for hot
with three adjacent asphalt mix asphalt – Part 18: Binder Mixing
contents are prepared. drainage). Mixing and paving is neither
c) Marshall specimen are On the basis of the mix design specified in the specifications nor
prepared at 135/145 ± 5°C and results, the contractor decides on in the RFP. Method and equipment
by 50 blows on each side the the JMF and submits it to the client are within the assigned
Marshall tests are running for the for his approval. responsibility of the contractor. His
evaluation of the air void content technical expertise and
which must range from 3 to 4 % Additives accountability are essential.
by volume (i.e depending on Although fibers, polymers and Drying of the unbound coarse
German climate conditions). If the silicious materials are also material needs less heat than it is
required air void content is not permitted, cellulose fibers are used necessary for standard asphalt
achieved, the following alterations very extensively. By tests, trials and concrete (AC) and therefore the heat
of the tentative mix within the by experience, it was discovered of the dryer must be reduced. Short
enforceable limits of the that only the use of polymer is not term aging of the asphalt is very
likely when it is mixed with too hot
coarse aggregates. Drying of the
minerals needs to be executed at
such a temperature that the heat of
the mix in the pugmill does not
exceed 190°C.

The lower limit values are valid

for the discharged asphalt mix at
Figure 3: Schellenberg Binder Drainage Test the construction location;

94 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


The upper limit values are valid

when the asphalt mix leaving the
pugmill or silo at the mixing plant.
Mixing times depend on the type
of plant.
In Europe, there are mostly
batch mixing pugmills. Drum mixing
is possible by using bitumen coated
cellulose fiber pellets. As an
example, the time and sequence of
the mixing process is demonstrated
in Figure 4. Figure 4: SMA mixing times with bituminous coated fiber pellets
To enhance and improve the
quality, the mixing time must be
♦ Dosing by big bag with automated Additionally and as a general rule,
extended. Accordingly, the production
dosing system (see Figure 5). a quality assurance of the mixing
rate of SMA is lower than of asphalt
♦ Small packages – dosing by plant by an independent third party
concrete: Quality has its price.
hand; this procedure needs much is required.
Exact proportioning of the fibers
manual labor; it is obsolete, but
is important. A variation of the fiber
still practiced (see Figure 6). Paving
content ± 0.1% can result in a
According to the specifications, Paving and compaction procedure
variation of the bitumen content ±
quality control by the contractor is is similar to every standard asphalt
1.0% without being recognized
always necessary and required. Figure 7.
Samples for quality control are to ♦ Trucks must be covered until the
There are different possibilities
be taken, i.e. every 500 tons. SMA is discharged into the
to dose the fibers:

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 95


♦ Stone Matrix Asphalt Binder

Course (SMA-Binder, see Figure
♦ Noise Reducing Stone Matrix
♦ Porous Asphalt (PA)
♦ Twin Layer Porous Asphalt (TLPA)
Mr. Sant Kumar Sehgal,
Rettenmaier India,
Figure 5: Automatic dosing
Figure 6: Manual dosing system
Mr. Bernd Abele, J. Rettenmaier &
system Söhne GmbH + Co KG Germany,
material hopper at the front of the treatment is recommended by Website:
road paver. spreading 0.5 to 1.0 kg of fine
♦ Although the asphalt content of crushed aggregates per
the SMA is very high, a tack coat sqm. After the first or
is recommended to ensure and second roller pass
improve the bond between the aggregates which are free
layers. of fines and 1/3 mm
♦ The temperature of the SMA in should be used.
the road paver should be at least ♦ During, the execution of
150 (140)°C. the work there is a quality
♦ An adapted pre-compaction of assurance by the client at
the asphalt paver is useful and every 6,000 sqm: SMA -
should be achieved. samples are taken from
♦ Compaction should be started the paver and tested for: Figure 7: Paving of SMA
as soon as possible and the ♦ Drain-Down Test
roller should move as close to ♦ Asphalt content
the paver as possible. Steel ♦ Fiber content
wheel rollers of approximately ♦ Gradation
eight to ten tons for compaction ♦ Marshall air void content
are necessary. Vibrating should ♦Softening point ring and
be executed mostly two or three ball tested at the recovered
times. There is a hazard of mortar bitumen
enrichment on the surface, if ♦Cores are taken from the
using too much vibrating roller layer and tested on:
passes. The consequence is a ♦Air void content of the
very low initial skid resistance. layer
Vibrating is not advisable on thin ♦Compaction ratio
layers of approximately less than ♦Bond between the layers Figure 8: Compaction temperature of SMA
25 mm thickness and at layer
temperatures under 100°C, see Solutions for
Figure 8. Since sucking up of the
mortar is very likely compacting
Future Demands
Due to the advantages of
with a pneumatic roller can be a
SMA, a variety of new
developments, with gap-
♦ Because of the high asphalt
graded principle, has been
content, the initial skid resistance
the result. Solutions which
can be low and it can cause
will be able to serve future
safety problems on high traffic
highways. Therefore, a surface
Figure 9: SMA-Binder; Autobahn A73 - Germany

96 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

White Topping

An Excellent Solution for
Pavement Rehabilitation Dr. V. Ramachandra,
Zonal Head (Tech),
UltraTech Cement
Ltd., Bangalore

Introduction this objective, overlays also restore economics of cement concrete and
the ride-ability of the existing rapidly changing traffic scenario (in
Concrete Roads were first built by
pavements which have suffered terms of volume as well as axle
Romans (300 BC – 476 AD). They
rutting and deformations, in addition loads). In addition, rapid
were quite innovative in the
to rectifying other defects such as developments in concrete material
construction with the use of
loss of texture. In our country, technology and mechanization (both
innovative materials viz., use of
bituminous overlays have been in concrete production & its laying)
‘Pozzolana’ cement from the village
popularly constructed in the past are favouring concrete overlays as
Pozzouli near Italy, horse hairs as
mainly due to abundant supply of a sustainable option. In recent times
fibres in concrete, admixtures in
bitumen, its amenability to stage PPP (Public-Private Partnership)
their primitive form (like animal fat,
construction and manageable traffic models are becoming popular in
milk & blood). These roads,
conditions, in terms of volume and road construction shifting the focus
scientifically designed and
axle loads in addition to the comfort on selection of overlays based on
constructed had a long life and thus
levels of construction methods life-cycle costs rather than initial
lead to the adage ‘all (concrete)
among engineers. It was also costs. India is currently producing
roads lead to Romel.’
making economic sense to make about 240 million tonnes of cement
Portland Cement Concrete
bituminous pavements as it was and cement industry is quite
(PCC) overlay on an existing
relatively cheaper. In recent times matured and equipped to meet the
bituminous pavement is commonly
all these advantages are reversed challenges in terms of various
known as White topping. The
viz., petroleum industry is using grades of cements as well as high
principal purpose of an overlay is
refined processing technology quality blended cements suitable
either to restore or to increase the
leading to reduction in the for making Pavement Quality
load carrying capacity or both, of
production of bitumen leading to Concrete (PQC).
the existing pavement. In achieving
increased imports, favourable cost

100 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

White Topping

flexural) strength, so as to open

the road for traffic within 5 days
of construction.
♦ Reduced maintenance – as the
concrete overlays live for over 2
decades, with least maintenance.
♦ Cost-effective compared to asphalt
overlays – when Life Cycle Cost
is taken into consideration.
♦ Improved service life – with better
riding quality, improved fuel
efficiency of vehicles.
♦ Little pre-overlay repairs
Overlay Solutions for 200 mm. It is designed either ♦ Improvement in safety in view of
considering bond between overlay the increased reflection of light –
Rehabilitation & underlying bituminous layer or particularly on city roads, it would
Type of overlays is chosen without consideration of bond. save 24% less electricity
depending upon the condition of High strength concrete (M 40 or compared to flexible pavements.
the existing pavement. Bonded higher) is normally used to take ♦ Reduction in operational costs and
overlays are preferred when the care of flexure requirement. lower absorption of solar energy
condition of existing pavement is Joints are at shorter spacing of Improving the environmental
good and the design will ensure 0.6 to 1.25 m. benefits – as concrete roads are
that the thickness of overlay is iii) Ultra-Thin White topping (UTWT) much greener and less polluting.
relatively less. This is due to the – which has PCC overlay of less
fact that the pavement system than 100 mm. Bonding between Technology
overlay & underlying bituminous
behaves as a composite structure, Demonstration
utilizing the flexural strength of layer is mandatory. To ensure
flexible pavement as well. In case this, the existing layer of bitumen Project
the pavement is already is either milled (to a depth of 25 In India, concrete overlays on
deteriorated, it can only be regarded mm) or surface scrapped (with a existing flexible pavement (white
as a base; to separate it from the non-impact scrapper) or gently topping) have been constructed in
concrete overlay (in order to avoid chiseled. Joints are provided at recent years in Mumbai, Nagpur,
reflective cracks), a separation layer a spacing of 0.6 to 1.25 m. Indore among other places. In
is provided. South India, several new concrete
Concrete overlays have been Advantages of White roads were constructed during the
used to rehabilitate bituminous topping last century which have given
pavements since 1918 in USA. excellent service for over four
♦ Reduced thickness – due to
There has been a renewed interest decades, the examples being the
thickness of overlay remaining
in whitetopping, particularly on Thin Bangalore-Mysore road constructed
constant for over 2 decades.
White Topping (TWT) and Ultra-Thin by the then Maharaja of Mysore, the
♦ Fast-Track construction – making
White Topping (UTWT) over coastal roads in Kerala etc. Due to
use of innovations in concrete
Conventional White Topping. Based lack of experience and expertise in
technology & batch mixing,
on the types of interface provided white topping, these roads were
concretes can be designed to
and the thickness of overlay, converted to flexible overlays in
have 3 –days’ compressive (&
classification is as follows: recent times.
i) Conventional White topping –
which consists of PCC overlay of
thickness 200 mm or more,
which is designed & constructed
without consideration of any bond
between existing overlay &
underlying bituminous layer
(without assuming any composite
ii) Thin White topping (TWT) – which
Concrete roads require lesser illumination during night
has PCC overlay between 100 –

102 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

White Topping

With a view to familiarize with the advantages of

white topping, a Technology Demonstration Project was
undertaken in Bangalore jointly by the Bruhat Bangalore
Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), Task Force for Quality
Assurance, Govt. of Karnataka and Cement Manufacturers’
Association. The objective of this project was to
demonstrate the advantages of white topping by making
use of the advances in construction equipments and
Characterisation of the existing flexible pavement on
the trial stretch on Hosur Road in Bangalore yielded the
following data.

Design of Pavement and Concrete

Design of the overlay was carried out using Westergaard’s
Equation and warping stress as per IRC:58 -2002 and
IRC: SP: 76 – 2008. Total stress (including temperature
stress) was obtained as 30.83 Kg/cm2 and corresponding
flexural strength requirement was 4.7 MPa. Design was
done by M/s L.R. Kadiyali & Associates, New Delhi.
Thickness of white topping was 150 mm.
Concrete mix design was arrived at by evaluating trial
mixes and the design mix was arrived at with a cement
content of 430 kgs, fly ash – 30 kgs, with a w/c ratio of
0.283, achieving a slump of 40 – 60 mm at site.

Details of Construction
In order to achieve the desired advantages of concrete
roads, three essential conditions need to be satisfied.
i) Production of concrete in a RMC plant or in a dedicated
batching plant.
ii) Using either fixed form or slip form mechanical pavers
iii) Strict quality control at site including testing of fresh,
hardened and extracted specimens of concrete and
tests on pavement quality.
In this project design and production of concrete was
carried out by UltraTech RMC; Fixed form paver provided
by M/s Allen Buildwell Pvt Ltd., was used. Quality control
at site and testing were jointly done by the Technical
Services team of UltraTech and M/s Civil Aid Technoclinic
(P) Ltd., Bangalore.

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 103

White Topping

Surface preparation and alignment of rails for paver Paver machine in operation

Surface texturing on green concrete Spraying of curing compound on fresh concrete

Salient features of impact control, so that the sub- before concreting is done.
grade is not damaged. b. If potholes/ cracks are wider
Construction ♦ Chiselling of the surface at than 3 mm, they have to be treated
i) Surface preparation: In case of regular intervals, if the existing with bituminous emulsion, slurry
TWT, bond between PCC overlay surface is hard. seal after trimming them to shape
& existing bituminous pavement The minimum thickness of and cleaning out loose fragments
is atleast partly desirable; in case existing bituminous pavement with compressed air. Milling of the
of UTWT, effective bond is (excluding the milled/scrapped existing surface also addresses
essential. To ensure this any of thickness) shall be 75 – 100 mm this problem.
the following method can be to ensure a reliable & strong base. iii) Laying of PQC is quite similar
adopted. ii) Profile correction is carried out to the construction of new
♦ Milling the existing bituminous with the objective of filling existing concrete pavement. As mentioned
surface to obtain a uniform surface. potholes, ruts and wide cracks earlier, concrete should be made
Milling can be used to remove and also to ensure a level surface either in an RMC plant or in a
surface distortion like cracks in for resting the pavement. Profile weigh batching plant. Use of
the top portion and adjust cross correction and correction of either fixed form pavers or slip
slopes. Thickness of milling camber can be carried out form paver machines is an
usually is in the range of 25 to 50 together with a thin bituminous essential ingredient for getting a
mm. leveling course or with dry lean good quality pavement. In the
♦ Surface scrapping is carried concrete (DLC). current project, a fixed form paver
out on bituminous surfaces which a. If the existing road surface is was used with a fixed side
are quite hard. This can be for a good & only a few localized formwork (steel channel box
depth of 10 mm and carried out potholes / cracks exist, they can section) with 16mm diameter
with tools which have vertical be repaired with a bituminous mix steel rods of 1 m length as tie

104 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

White Topping

cum of concrete) was carried out.

These tests included:
♦ Tests conducted on fresh
concrete (slump test at site)
♦ Tests on hardened state
(compressive strength of cube &
cylinder specimens for 1, 3, 7 &
28 days), split tensile strength,
flexural strength of concrete beams
♦ Fatigue and abrasion tests on
pavement quality (results awaited).
♦ Test on extracted specimens
of concrete (core tests) would be
conducted to assess the long
term performance of concrete.
All the above tests are
conducted by Civil Aid Technoclinic
(P) Ltd., Bangalore and the results
Groove cutting in progress
obtained so far are tabulated. The
road was opened for traffic after 5
days of curing.
rods @ 500mm c/c) and the paver within about 8 to 10 hours of
had gang mounted vibrators pouring concrete. These joints Conclusions
equally spaced with variable rpm are sealed with high quality
Due to advances in the area of
and three integral steel tubes with sealant (either bitumen or poly
mechanization and fast track
8 Tonnes vibratory rollers for sulphides) to prevent moisture
construction, concrete roads and
screeding, levelling, compaction and incompressible infiltration
white topping provide a sustainable
and finishing. into the overlay system.
as well as cost effective option for
iv) Finishing of the surface is mostly vii) To ensure effective load transfer
pavement construction. This
achieved by the paver itself. But across the longitudinal segments
technology demonstration project in
to achieve uniform finish, a simple as well as transverse construction
Bangalore has evoked positive
hand operated bull float is used joints, tie bars and dowel bars
response from people across the
when concrete is still in its fresh are provided.
spectrum viz., technical consultants,
state. After the bull float operation,
Test Results construction industry, academic &
uniform surface texture is
research institutions. The
provided by using steel wire Strict quality control not only during
Government of Karnataka, BBMP
brush. mix design and production of
and other civic agencies have come
v) To avoid evaporation of surface concrete, but also testing for quality
forward to adopt this technology.
water from concrete surface at regular intervals (for every 50
On behalf of the cement industry,
(which leads to plastic shrinkage
cracks), wax based curing
compound is sprayed. As an
additional measure, plastic
sheets are spread over the
pavement surface till normal
curing process starts.
vi) Contraction joints are
provided by cutting groves (for
a depth of one-third of the
depth of white topping, 150
mm in this case) at a spacing
of 1.2 m in longitudinal as
well as transverse directions.
The joints are cut using
electrical grove machines

106 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

White Topping

CMA (Cement Manufacturers’ ♦ Tentative guidelines for

Association) has come forward conventional, thin and Ultra-thin
to assist all those involved in white topping, IRC: SP: 76 –
the construction on concrete 2008, The Indian Roads
roads/ white topping by way of Congress, New Delhi, 2008
several useful publications, user- ♦ Handbook on Cement Concrete
friendly software for analysis, Roads, Cement Manufacturers
design and estimation of Association, 2010
quantities (and comparative ♦ Michael E. Ayers & Dale
cost), conducting training Harrington, Selection and use
programs for engineers and of concrete overlays, The Indian
providing the necessary Concrete Journal, May 2010
technical assistance. ♦ Guide to Concrete Overlays –
Sustainable solutions for
resurfacing and rehabilitating
♦ Concrete Overlays – White
existing pavements, National
topping of roads, Cement
Concrete Pavement Technology
Manufacturers Association,
Centre, USA, Sept. 2008.

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 107


Asphalt is Green Blesson Varghese,

Director, Marini
Fayat India.

aising environmental There are numerous methods or sequential coating). This paper
concerns, fuel costs and that the road building industry has covers the possible solutions and
the steadily declining adapted to reduce their energy provides A summary on its
natural resources affect not only the consumption and to be more advantages.
cost of asphalt mixes per se, but is carbon friendly. The urgency is so
forcing the industry to go green. great that at each level starting form Beginnings
Today, every professional in the field equipment design to production and It is highly unlikely that we can put
understands that going green is laying techniques, focus has to be an exact date on the emergence of
not just a fashion statement or consistently placed on reducing the the concept. Since the mid 20th
eyewash, but it is posing a very carbon emission. century, and the industrial
crucial question about survival. It This technical note describes development of hot mix asphalt
is impossible to be profitable the various techniques available (HMA), engineers have had a cheap
without being green. and presently being implemented energy source at their disposal with
Sustainability is no longer a world over for production of Low the environment only a minor
‘nice to have’ accessory for energy asphalts or Carbon friendly concern. Good Practice stipulated
business – it is an essential mixes. Production techniques for that the asphalt had to be around
requirement, and must be built into warm and half warm mix asphalt 150°C. Since bitumen is
all our goals and policies. The either use chemical or mechanical hydrophobic, coating is that much
benefits of working responsibly and solutions. The modifications made easier when the aggregates are
sustainably are immediate as well to existing plants in order to produce dry. The European production
as long term. Many of our low energy asphalt by chemical standard nevertheless states that
customers are looking for us to methods (additives) are minor, the maximum residual water
demonstrate publicly our whereas more significant content of HMA is 0.5%. In the
commitment to working sustainably modifications must be made to 1970s, when TSMs (dryer drum
and report on performance. mechanical methods (foam bitumen mixers at parallel flow) developed,

108 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


excellent results at 130°C were an increase in methods – some of (ignoring any water additions), the
nevertheless noted, with a residual which are experimental. We have calculated consumption levels of the
water content of 1%, especially recently been seeing a segregation burner are as follows:
during compaction. of processes that are becoming
Coating attempts with foam simpler and can be split into two
bitumen subsequently developed in families:
the 1990s in the UK, South Africa, - chemical processes in which the
the Netherlands and France. The use of an additive makes it
concept of warm and half warm possible to reduce the bitumen
mix asphalt was first mentioned in viscosity and perform high-quality
the late 1990s, particularly by coating;
JENKINS [1] , and alternative - mechanical processes, which Some techniques are based on
techniques to foam bitumen either involve sequential coating temperatures below 130°C, and
flourished in all countries, notably or coating with foam bitumen. even below 100°C. Reductions of
Scandinavia, with sequential coating We can suppose that 40 to 50% in energy consumption
techniques using several types of processes will become more or emissions are claimed,
bitumen. industrial and develop considerably especially during low-temperature
A typology of the mixes was over the coming years. In France and/or low energy processes (LEP
officially described by Dr. Jacques they certainly accounted for some and LTP) [3], [4].
Bonvallet from FAYAT Group in 2000 500,000 t in 2009 for 40 million Several studies conducted
[2], with reference to the heating and tons of asphalt; the room for jointly by inventors and the French
drying energy used during the progression may be significant, but Public Works Research Laboratory
process. The 100°C border is certain. are under way, some equipping a
widely discussed and there are two production plant so as to be able
schools of thought: one that Low energy to compare calculations to the test
recommends staying shy of the production data.
100°C mark for the sake of making One trend that seems to be
vaporisation energy savings (1/3 of emerging is the production of
the total energy), and the other warm mix asphalt around
which recommends vaporising 120/130°C using bitumen
water while remaining within the with additives. The hypotheses
110 to 130°C range, which also put savings at between 10
saves around 30%. and 20%.
The last decade, in Europe at Without recycling and
least, has been characterised by depending on the humidity

Chemical solutions
These solutions require the
injection of either solid or liquid
additives into the mixture. These
can be incorporated into the
bitumen or during the mixing stage.
In all cases, the plant must be
fitted with systems for storing,
transporting and metering additives
All of these processes
implement coating of the same
quality as HMA, whereas under
Figure 1: Mixes typology FAYAT GROUP [2], Low ambient température, medium standard conditions, the bitumen
moisture content viscosity would not allow the

110 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


Photograph 2a & 2b: Introduction and monitoring of liquid additives, Specific pump for additives, Specific incorporation of part of the
aggregates or additives

aggregates to be properly coated. form. To do this, the company The Ultimate

Adding water to monitor the water applies a sequential process,
content is always necessary, and it bringing the water and hot bitumen sustainable mix
is water that bestows workability into contact in the mixture.
and therefore the aptitude for Several methods co-exist – the
compaction. injection of foam directly by injector The combination of low energy with
seems simpler and less expensive recycling is a worthwhile solution
Mechanical solutions to implement, for less investment. likely to be pushed to the extent of
These solutions are perhaps more Fairly exhaustive laboratory obtaining high recycling levels. It
complex and based either on the studies were published in 2008 on seems to us that the most suitable
process using foam bitumen, this matter [5]. equipment and – in all cases – the
injected with a system of injectors The peripheral equipment most flexible for meeting these
placed above the mixer, or on the required is fairly simple and shown objectives is that which comprises
creation of foam in the mixer over a in photograph 3 and 4. two drums and an external mixer,
very short timeframe in dispersed like the RMS TSR in photograph 5.

Photograph 3: Containerised metering kit of liquid asphalt Photograph 4: Storage of liquid

112 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


Photograph 5: TSR25 MARINI MAC – Recycling & Low energy production ready

Since the energy consumed for Is India ready ? Marini’s global experience and
the RAP on the one hand and the expertise in the field allowed them
Most of the mechanical components
virgin materials on the other is to anticipate the raise of these
required for various techniques
controlled in two drums, there is technologies in India and hence
used for low energy mix production
total independence and optimised the plants supplied in India are
can be added on to any advanced
rational management. already configured with the required
asphalt plant as an add-on kit.
accessories and process
Advantages of Low Processing of RAP requires that
automation, making production of
the plant is supplied with
these energy saving mixes instantly
energy mix adequately designed dryer drum,
adaptable in India.
bag house filter, burner system,
♦ T° decrease by 30 or 40°C
mixer unit, process automation and Comment on warm
control systems. The challenging
♦ Substantial reduction in CO 2 mix asphalt
part of the operation is to add and
mix the special chemical /
♦ Combustible savings: 15 to 30%
sequence in the already fully
♦ No bitumen vapour emissions The influence of the temperature
automatic process of asphalt mix
♦ Hot-mix easy-to-use on asphalt workability has long
♦ Possible high recycling rate been known, and summarised in
the Table below from the
manufacturer BOMAG. We can
particularly see that the necessary
energy for obtaining an equivalent
compaction between 120°C and
150°C is multiplied by 4.
In reality this means a higher
compaction requirement, either
through more passes or by using a
more powerful compactor.
The solution adopted in Europe
to monitor the subject firstly involves
controlling the residual water –
which improves workability and
therefore compaction in a small
amount – and secondly using
variable-energy compactors
belonging to the category of so-
called smart compactors, such as
Asphalt Manager [6].

We are going through a pivotal
MARINI Control system – ready for RAP mixes & Low energy mix production period in which the significant rise

114 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


continuous production, are

producing an arsenal of adapted
solutions that have been developed
over the last decade and from which
our Indian customers can benefit
usefully and above all swiftly today.
With these new types of mixes, the
color of asphalt can be green, both
in terms of profitability and

♦ Mix design considerations for
cold and half Warm bituminous
mixes with emphasis on foamed
bitumen. Kim Jenkins, Thesis
September 2000, Stellenbosch
♦ IRF Congress in PARIS 2000,
Les mousses de bitume un
technique émergente
incontournable. J. Bonvallet
♦ Enrobage à basse énergie (EBE)
aux performances des enrobés à
chaud. A. Romier, M. Audéon, J.
David, Y. Martineau. RGRA No.
831 September 2004
♦ Les enrobés à basse
température: EBT. F. Ollard, C. Le
Noan, P. Huon. RGRA No. 846.
February 2006
♦ Effect of process parameters on
foam bitumen based Road
Material production at ambient
temperature Road Materials and
pavement Design journal
Cazacliu, Peticila, Colange,
Photo 8: Bomag Asphalt Manager Bw 174 Ad Leroux, Bonvallet, Blaszczyk. 2008
♦ BOMAG Compaction guideline.
in sustainable development is management, low energy and – for Handbook Boppard.
completely changing the way we major projects – in-place
perform analyses. Carbon footprints
are still incomplete and our
profession is aware of the long
way we still have to go. That said,
use of eco-software is on the rise,
allowing for more accurate
analyses. The next step is
unquestionably the experimental
validation of these analyses.
Manufacturers of both continuous
and batch mix plants are now
offering tried and tested solutions,
and are willing to improve them. It
seems to us that French
techniques, particularly combining
recycling, integrated humidity

116 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Equipment & Machinery

Concrete Overlays
he need has never been Many concrete overlays have There are several genuine
greater for engineered been in service for decades, benefits of the Concrete Overlays:
strategies to preserve and extending the life of the original 1) Concrete Overlays consistently
maintain the nation’s pavements. pavement structures for 30 years or provide cost effective solutions.
With shrinking budgets, ever more! Because concrete distributes Rupee for Rupee they are one of
increasing traffic volumes and loads, the traffic loads over a wide area, the most effective long-term
and the critical emerging focus on the underlying pavement does not maintenance and rehabilitation
infrastructure sustainability, highway experience highly concentrated options for the existing pavements
agencies and local road stresses. As long as the original with distress.
consultants and municipal bodies pavement remains stable and 2) Concrete Overlays can be
are being asked to “do more with uniform, a concrete overlay can be constructed quickly and
less” in managing their pavement placed, replaced, or recycled as continently as
networks. needed for maintenance and or a) The existing pavement does not
Agencies need to be proactive, rehabilitation cycles. need to be removed.
sustainable pavement mountainous In this manner, the concrete b) Simple operations of surface
and rehabilitation strategies that overlay systems can be sustainable milling or scarifying is enough for
last longer and at reasonable costs. for 100 years or longer. Rather than “bonded overlays”
In many situations, concrete removing and reconstructing on year c) Few or no pre-overlay repairs
overlays or similar to “Thin White on year basis adding top coats are necessary or even desirable
Toppings” represent such which give away within weeks of in most cases.
strategies. They offer cost effective, facing rains or heavy traffic d) Concrete Overlays are placed
versatile, short-and long-term conditions, a concrete overlay better using TRTP Fixed Form
solutions for the full range of effectively returns its original with Gang Mounted Vibrators or
concrete, asphalt, and composite investment within 2-3 years of the such machines with normal
pavements needs. In addition, they differential cost and does away with construction practices.
contribute to more sustainable yearly maintenance and suffering to e) Many concrete overlays can be
construction practices by preserving the general public and saving a lot opened to traffic within 3-4 days
pavement service for several for nations spending. to traffic from date of placement.
decades beyond original service life.

120 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Equipment & Machinery

and the vital study by

their team and the
approval of the Bruhat
Bangalore Mahanagar
Palike a 4 lane road
stretch of almost 10,000
SQ. Mtrs with equipment
from Allen Concrete
Pavers (USA) a leader in
Fixed Form Paving
technology with more
than a dozen machines
performing at various
sites in India was
selected for this sensitive
task. The project has
been successfully
executed to the
satisfaction of the
general public and the
inspection agencies too.
Once the outcome is
quantified and
c o m m e r c i a l
considerations weighed
against the age old practice of
asphalt top coats and repeated
f) Accelerated construction practices conjunction with spot repairs of costs etc are tabled, it is expected
can be used throughout the isolated distress. to save the agency enough to divert
normal construction season. 6) Concrete Overlays enhances funds to more creative infrastructure
3) Concrete Overlays are easy to pavement sustainability by needs while the Concrete Overlaid
repair. improving surface reflectance, pavements meets the best ride
4) Concrete Overlays are durable increasing structural longetivity quality and almost nil involvement
rehabilitation tool and most cost and enhancing surface profile of rehab for years to come is a
effective option stability. new chapter herald by the citizens
5) Concrete Overlays can survive in A recent event has carried this of Bangaluru.
and of themselves, as complete feature at a heavily trafficked junction For further details please contact:
preventive maintenance or rehab near Electronic City where with the Fax: +91-22-2556 8044
solutions, or can be used in joint inputs of Ultratech and ACC E-mail:,

“Disseminates to Develop”

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NBM&CW MARCH 2011 121

New Approaches

Enterprising Approaches in the

Successful Construction of a Toll Motorway
(East Link) Through Suburban Melbourne, Australia

Ken Mathers, Chief

Executive Officer,
Linking Melbourne
Authority, Australia
Arun Kumar, Professor
of Infrastructure
Management Queensland
University of Technology,
Brisbane, Australia

Overview environmental impact, community should be achieved. Interestingly,

engagement and significantly the document produced was a
A 39 kilometer toll motorway was
enhanced the urban amenity of the fraction of the size of a normal
constructed on budget (A$2.5 billion)
corridor. specification, yet spelt out the
and five months ahead of time. It
Background State’s requirements. It had set
was opened in June 2008. This
targets such as a 100 year design
project involved 17 interchanges, 88 The road reserve for this corridor
life for structures.
bridges and twin three lane, 1.6 km was planned in the early 1960’s.
The specifications provided for
tunnels. It has three lanes in each Environmental impact statements
the road to fall within a certain route
direction for 33 km and two lanes were developed and consulted with
envelope but the exact alignment
in each direction for 6 km. EastLink the community living along the
was variable; the shape of the
connects the eastern suburbs of corridor in the 1990’s. As Melbourne
Melbourne and was delivered under continued to expand, the
a Public Private Partnership (PPP) construction of the Motorway
arrangement by Connect East (listed became imperative. Work
on the Australian Stock Exchange) commenced in March 2005 and
for the Victorian Government agency, was completed in June 2008. An
Southern and Eastern Integrated overview of the motorway section is
Transport Authority (SEITA). Project being presented in Figure 1.
development was undertaken by
two of Australia’s largest contracting Performance Based
organisations, Thiess and John
Holland, in a joint venture
Right at the tendering stage,
considerable thought was given to
This paper describes the
encourage competition in the private
uniqueness of the project,
sector to achieve the best outcome
construction practices and the
for the Motorway. One of the key
working relationship with owners
elements was devising the
and contractors that led to a
performance based specifications
successful outcome. This project
that would make it clear what was
has set new standards in design,
needed without specifying how it
construction speed, safety, Figure 1: EastLink Motorway overview

122 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

New Approaches

interchanges was open to variation, established between the people The tunnel was also fully
and the pavement had to perform working on the project (the “tanked.” This means that it was
to a certain standard yet its make- contractor and the two client made watertight, rather than
up was not prescribed. Urban bodies). An electronic tracking allowing water to trickle in the tunnel
design had to be a part of the mix system was implemented and and then draining it out. This was
and the bids had to show that they improved the efficiency of the done by having a circular cross
reflected community expectations documentation flow. section for the tunnel and using a
along the route. The requirement of Another efficient process drainage blanket and waterproof
the tolling system was that it had to implemented was that construction lining, Figure 3. An overview of the
be fully electronic and it had to be itself was subjected to Quality tunnel is presented in Figure 4.
interoperable with other electronic Assurance (QA) processes. The The Bridges: For most of the
toll roads in Australia. Toll levels contractor was responsible for 88 bridges, pre-cast reinforced
were not prescribed with the only auditing and guaranteeing its own concrete units were used for speed,
requirement deemed that escalation systems according to appropriate quality and economy. In the case of
had to match movements in the QA standards. an operational railway line which
Consumer Price Index (CPI) with overpassed the new road, the
changes being applied annually. The Construction construction schedule was planned
Both design and construct contracts in such a way that it was closed
were self-monitored by Quality
Challenge only for a very short time. This was
The Tunnel: The construction of the
Assurance (QA) procedures and achieved by first, installing the
$600 million twin tunnels was a
checks as work progressed. foundations and final columns of
complex operation. The diameters
the new bridge and then the
The Independent of each tunnel exceeded 16 meters
crosshead supports for the bridge
with special ventilation buildings at
super structure. The foundations of
Reviewer the exits. These buildings
the four-span bridge comprised 1.8
The Independent Reviewer (IR) was incorporated large fans to capture
metre diameter bored concrete
appointed jointly by the Government the air leaving the tunnel and the
piles which could be installed
and the Concessionaire. The IR’s car exhaust contained in it. The
outside the train “envelope,” Pairs
role involved a general overview and excavation was undertaken by four
of the piles at each of three pier
reasonable checking in order to be large machines known as road
positions and for the abutments
satisfied that the various detailed headers. These have a rotating
were put in through the existing rail
checks and monitoring processes head with cutting teeth at the end
embankment. They went into the
were carried out correctly and, in of a pivoting boom for cutting away
ground as support but stood free in
order to ensure compliance with the material at the heading of the
the top few metres once the ground
the design construction tunnels, Figure 2.
was excavated around them,
requirements. This organisation
reported jointly to the two
employers, ensuring impartiality
between the two client sides. All
design and construction information
developed by the contractor had to
be provided to the IR who had the
responsibility to certify completion
before the road could be opened.

For the processes to be efficient,
tight timelines for making
comments were agreed by all
parties to ensure the contractor was
not unduly held up waiting for
responses. This arrangement was
successful as effective working
Figure 2: The road headers carving the rock away with multi-toothed
relationships and flexibility were rotating pick-axes

124 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

New Approaches

wall panels, retaining wall fascia

units and bridge pier sections. This
ensured tight quality control of all
structural elements and other pre-
cast products and achieved a better
result than that normally achieved
by onsite casting. Most of the bridge
beams were Super Tee Beams, a
V-shaped trough with a flat base
and flat projections at the top. The
special design was developed in
Australia and is now widely used
on major road projects. A key
advantage of the design is that it
can be produced in various depths
for different span lengths.
The tolling system: A multi-lane
Figure 3: Full tanking (waterproofing) with a membrane free-flow Electronic Toll Collection
(ETC) system was used. The
recognition by vehicles is automatic
forming the columns of the bridge. and beams for bridge construction
through electronic tags mounted
The super structures, complete with throughout the project. Some of the
inside the vehicle which are not
new rail tracks for the new railway bridges including the rail bridge over
required to slow down or stop as
overpass, was built alongside the the motorway are shown in
operational railway on the Figure 5.
extensions of the crossheads. Use of precast segments for
Times for completion is construction: The contractor
simultaneously with the bridge decided to establish a special
structure. The super structure was precasting yard for the manufacture
slid in after a weekend so that the of pre-cast reinforced concrete
railway was ready for the peak rail elements. During the two year
operation at the beginning of the operation, the yard produced over
working week. 23,000 pre-cast units, of a wide
A 500 tonne mobile crane was variety from bridge beams and
used for lifting heavy crossheads parapet panels to assorted noise

Figure 5: Newly constructed bridges over the

Figure 4: Tunnel overview motorway

126 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

New Approaches

Noise walls: Over 13,000 noise

wall panels were installed. The
sections of noise walls were
different in shape and colour to
improve the visual appearance and
better integrate with the surrounding
environment and look as natural as
possible. Typical wall panels,
including transparent sections, as
shown at Figures 7 and 8 were
manufactured precast at the precast
fabrication yard.
Road construction: The
construction work involved three
lanes in each direction for 33 km,
two lanes in each direction for 6
km. This involved over 7 million
Figure 6: Free flow electronic tolling system cubic metres of earthworks, 1.1
million tones of asphaltic concrete,
and 380,000 cubic metres of
concrete. Asphalt laying was a highly
coordinated large scale logistics
exercise in its own right during
construction (Figure 9).

Concluding Remarks
EastLink has proven to be one of
the most successful toll road
projects in Australia delivered as a
Public Private Partnership. Thirty
months after opening, traffic growth
is continuing at an incredible 10%
per annum and neighbouring
communities are praise worthy of
the delivered outcomes.
Key success factors included
clarity in contractual documentation
Figure 7: Typical coloured noise wall and understanding of the roles of

they pass under the toll gantries.

This electronic tag complies to
agreed standards and can be used
throughout Australia on all other toll
roads. Along its 39 km length
EastLink has 13 tolling points each
with two gantries (Figure 6). This
tolling system has the ability to
handle 4.5 million vehicle passages
(transactions) per day. The twin
gantries also enable vehicle
detection systems to record
registration plate details should
vehicles not be equipped with the
electronic tag. Video tolling is also
possible. Figure 8: A typical noise wall along the Motorway

128 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

New Approaches

respective parties, early

establishment of organisational
structures, the rapid recruitment and
training of human resources,
establishment of a project specific
pre-casting yard, bridge construction
using standardised pre-cast
elements to the maximum extent
possible, establishment and
retention of highly effective working
relationships between the project
parties, continuous community
engagement and the early resolution
of construction issues, as well as
environmental enhancements and
the provision of urban amenity
outcomes throughout the corridor.

EastLink: Melbourne’s Motorway
Figure 9: Asphaltic concrete laying Masterpiece, Connect East SEITA

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 129

Concrete Additives

Effect of
Dosing Sequence of Micro Silica
on Slump & Compressive Strength of Concrete
Silica fume has been successfully used in production of high performance
and high strength concrete for the past couple of years. The benefits of
using silica fume for enhancement of durability and improvement in the
S.B.Kulkarni - AVP, Technical
microstructure of concrete are already well established through various
Services & Hemendra S,
researches and other developments. Few years back, it was a normal
Manager, Technical Services.
practice to introduce silica fume in the concrete mix in slurry form.
UltraTech Cement Ltd.
However, currently silica fume is dosed in dry form at most of the batching
plants. In this paper, an effort has been made to study the effect of dosing
sequence of silica fume in the concrete mix in dry form, on the slump and
strength characteristics of concrete.

Introduction ♦ Setting of plant involved an different dosing sequences and the

additional capital investment. results were compiled.
Micro Silica is a mineral composed
♦ The pot life of SF slurry is in the
of ultrafine (fineness in the range
range of 30 to 40 minute, so it Sequence of Micro silica
of 15,000, m2/kg) amorphous, glassy
had to be used within short span dosing in dry form in the
spherical particles of silicon dioxide
of time. concrete mix:
produced during manufacture of
♦ Traffic Jams delayed the
silicon or ferro silicon. The average A. General Practice:
movement of transit mixer and
particle size is less than 0.5μ It has been observed that at most
sometimes led to dosing of slurry
meaning that each microsphere of of the batching plants, the various
even after the lapse of pot life
silica fume is about 50 times ingredients of concrete and micro
smaller than an average cement silica are loaded in mixer in the
♦ If slurry is not used within pot life
grain particle. The ultrafine particles following sequence:
period, the interaction between
of micro silica fill the gaps between 1) Coarse Aggregate and Fine
water and silica fume particles
the cement particles thereby helping Aggregate
brings down the effectiveness of
to fill the micro voids in the fresh 2) Cement & Micro silica + Additives
silica fume.
concrete. These particles also act (Fly ash / Slag)
♦ In Metro cities, it might be difficult
like ball bearings and make the 3) Mixing of (1) & (2) for approx 30
to allocate an additional land to
concrete more cohesive. Earlier it sec
set up separate unit for silica
was a common practice to use 4) Water & Chemical Admixture
fume slurry production.
micro silica in slurry form in order 5) Mixing for another, approx 30 sec
As such use of silica fume in
to ensure uniform distribution of 6) Unloading the mix
dry form is considered the most
micro silica in the matrix. However, B. New Practice explored for
suitable and convenient system.
there were many issues faced at experiment.
However, the effect of sequencing
site in introducing silica fume in It was decided to explore
of dosing of micro silica on concrete
slurry form. possibility of changing the dosing
slump and strength properties (at 7
Issues faced earlier while using system of micro silica while
and 28 days) need to be studied.
silica fume (SF) in slurry form: keeping the mix design proportion
To study the impact of dosing of dry
♦ Separate plant has to be set up same for all the ingredients and to
silica fume, experiments were
for converting silica fume into study its effect on slump and
conducted in the laboratory with two
slurry form. compressive strength of concrete.

130 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Concrete Additives

For this experiment various mixed together for 90 seconds and

materials used were: thereafter balance ingredients
♦ Cement – UltraTech Slag cement namely Fine Aggregates, Cement
conforming to IS 455. etc. are added. In both the cases,
♦ Admixture – Reobuild R620 of initial slump was measured
BASF. followed by slump measurement at
♦ Micro Silica – Elkem. 30 minutes & 60 minutes. Total 12
Grade of Concrete – M35. cubes were casted for each trial for
Trials were conducted in the measuring the compressive
laboratory in Pan Mixer: (40 litre strength by
Capacity) 1. Accelerated Curing Test
Trial A- In this first Trial, 2. At 3 days View of Cube Casting under progress
following sequence was followed 3. At 7 days
for introducing silica fume in the 4. At 28 days Discussion on Test
mix The results as referred above
1. Coarse Aggregates were compiled as given below: Results
2. Fine Aggregates Location: UltraTech RMC Lab, i. Slump test results (as per IS
3. Cement Mumbai. 1199 — 1959)
4. Micro Silica ♦ Initial Slump — In
5. Water Trial A slump was
6. Plasticizer 115mm whereas in
7. Mix all together for 2 minutes. Trial B initial slump
was 170mm
indicating that there
was increase in
slump by 55mm
(47.8% increase).
♦ Slump at 30
minutes — In Trial A
slump was 80mm
whereas in Trial B
slump was 140mm
indicating that there
was increase in
Mixing of ingredients in the process slump by 60mm
(75% increase).
♦ Slump at 60
Trial B- The following sequence
minutes — In Trial A
was followed in second trial, as
slump was 70mm
given below:
whereas in Trial B
1. Coarse Aggregates + Micro Silica
slump was 125mm
followed by
indicating that there
2. Dry mixing for 90sec
was increase in
3. Fine Aggregate
slump by 55mm
4. Cement
(78.5% increase).
5. Water
6. Plasticizer Slump Test for Trial A Slump Test for Trial B
7. Mix the ingredients for 90
From the above two trials, it
can be seen that in Trial A silica
fume is added after all Coarse
Aggregates + Fine Aggregates +
Cement have been put in the mixer,
whereas in Trial B silica fume is
added after Coarse Aggregates and

132 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Concrete Additives

It is interesting to see that in & 45.66MPa respectively. It is again and also optimization of the
Trial A & B the quantity of various interesting to note here also that concrete mix design cost without
ingredients is same, that includes the compressive strength for 3, 7 & spending extra penny for the
quantity of water & plasticizer used. 28 days for Trial B have increased same.
Normally, the slump increase by 13.38%, 17.41% & 13.70% ♦ It is hoped that the contents of
happens either by increase in the respectively as compared to test the article would give further
quantity of water or plasticizer or results of Trial A. Here also except guidance to Quality Managers for
both. But in this case, it is seen for change in dosing sequence of exploring the benefits of changing
that without changing the mix micro silica no other changes were the dosing sequence of micro
design proportion or adding extra made in the mix. silica, to their full advantage.
quantity of water / plasticizer the
Conclusion Acknowledgment
slump for trial B has increased
Authors acknowledge the
between 47% and 78% just by ♦ It can be seen that introduction
experience shared by Mr. S.C. Verma
changing the sequence of dosing of micro silica in the mix
Ex HCC, Q/C Head, on the similar
of silica fume (as given in Table 2). immediately after adding coarse
trials conducted earlier.
ii. Compressive Strength test aggregates and then mixing the
result: same for 90 sec, has changed References
a) Accelerated Curing Test cube the test results considerably both ♦ IS 456 – 2000 – Plain and
results (Conforming to IS 9013 – in terms of slump and Reinforced Concrete – Code of
1978 - Reaffirmed 1999) compressive strength. Practice.
As mentioned above in the ♦ The test results show that without ♦ IS 455 —1989 — Portland Blast
article, concrete cubes were tested adding additional water or Furnace Slag Cement.
by using Accelerated curing test plasticizers the slump values ♦ IS 10262—2009 – Concrete Mix
method and results were tabulated have enhanced by 47% to 78% Proportioning – Guidelines.
as mentioned in Table 3. It is seen and the compressive strength ♦ Neville on Concrete by Adam
that for Trial A, the anticipated 28 values have enhanced by 13% to Neville.
days strength was 43MPa, whereas 17%. ♦ Construction Technology by Prof.
for Trial B it was 45.56MPa. In this ♦ The results are very encouraging M.S. Shetty.
case also, the change in sequence as increase in slump values can ♦ Mineral Admixtures in Cement &
of micro silica dosing has resulted facilitate reduction of plasticizer Concrete Vol 4 by S.N. Gosh & S.
into increase in accelerated curing dose & enhancement in Savkar.
test result value for Trial B by 5.95%. compressive strength can facilitate ♦ Concrete Micro structures,
reduction in the cement content Properties & Material by P.K.Mehta
b) Concrete cube results (as per thereby leading to optimisation in & P.J.M. Monteiro.
IS 516 – 1959 - Reaffirmed 1999) the cost of concrete mix. ♦ IS 1199 – 1959 (Reaffirmed
Concrete cubes (150x150x150mm) ♦ It is felt that at construction site 1999) - Methods of Sampling &
were casted, cured and tested for the Quality Managers should Analysis of Concrete.
3,7 & 28 days compressive strength conduct similar trials based on ♦ IS 9013 – 1978 (Reaffirmed
as per standard procedure. From the findings of the above referred 1999) – Method of making, curing
Table 3, it is seen that for Trial A article and try to get best benefit and determining compressive
the 3, 7 & 28 days strength was in terms of additional retention of strength of Accelerated cured
noted as 24.58MPa, 31.76MPa & slump or reduction in the concrete test specimens.
40.16MPa respectively, whereas for plasticizer dose resulting in ease ♦ IS 516 – 1959 (Reaffirmed 1999)
Trial B the compressive strength in placing, compaction & finishing – Methods of Test for Strength of
was noted as 27.87MPa, 37.29MPa of concrete, reduced honey comb Concrete.

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134 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Equipment & Machinery

Powerscreen India
Serves Oman
owerscreen, one of the world’s leading
providers of mobile crushing, screening and
washing equipment, has announced that its
state-of-the-art manufacturing plant in Hosur, Southern
Bangalore, has expanded distribution in India and
also across emerging world markets.

In one recent example, Arabian Transport for

Heavy Equipment purchased a Powerscreen ®
Chieftain 2100X Screening plant from General
Engineering Services Est which was manufactured
at the Powerscreen Hosur facility. The Chieftain 2100X
is working in combination with the Powerscreen®
4242SR already owned by Arabian and is producing
aggregates of 0-5 mm, 5-10 mm, 10-20 mm and 20-
40 mm for a commercial construction company who
have been awarded a massive road construct project
in the Sultanate of Oman. “We were in need of a
screening plant which could achieve our desired
output and cater to the demand of our clients and
what better brand can be thought of other than
Powerscreen” said Mr. Awadh Shanfari, Chairman for
Arabian Transport for Heavy Equipments.
General Engineering Services Est, the
Powerscreen Dealer in Oman, entered into the market
with mobile crushing and screening plants and soon
found its sales figures going up. The dealership
sold more than 50 crushers and screens in four
General Engineering Services Est brings world
class track mobile crushers and screens with sales,
parts and after-sales support. General Engineering
Services Est., Oman, is an arm of Juma-al-Majid
Group, the single-source marketer of the world’s
most technologically advanced lines of crushing and
screening equipment from Powerscreen.
Powerscreen has exhibited the Powerscreen®
1000SR cone crusher and the Powerscreen ®
Metrotrak jaw crusher at of the recently held bCIndia
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Fax: +91-22-66656399

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 135

Alternative Material

Use of Cement
Fly Ash and Gypsum as an
Alternative Material for Low Cost Housing
(Feasibility Study)
In Civil Engineering traditionally, we are using different materials in the
form of building units. Some of the building units which we are using for N.S.Naik, Asst.Prof., Civil Engg.
construction are bricks and concrete blocks. Especially for bricks we Dept. SRES C.O.E. Kopargaon,
have to use good plastic clay as primary raw material. This clay is often U.P. Naik, Professor, Civil
obtained from prime agricultural land, causing degradation as well as Engg.Dept. PREC Loni,
economic loss due to diversion of agricultural land. Manufacturing of Tal.Rahata, Dist. Ahmed Nagar
bricks produces harmful gases which results in significant air pollution. and M.S.Purkar, Professor.,
This feasibility study is an attempt to use cement, flyash and waste gypsum Civil Engg. Dept. SRES C.O.E.
for the manufacturing of building units so as to replace the traditional Kopargaon.
building material at least partially.

Introduction 160 million tones of top soil, making lime (from OPC) and gypsum are
barren 7500 acres of fertile land. well-known minerals that are widely
Traditionally, we are using burnt clay
(1) Because of all these ill effects, used in the industries. All these
bricks for construction. It is a clay
this is proper time to search an minerals are available in the form
product which proved its importance
alternative of the burnt clay bricks. of wastages and by-products from
since the dawn of civilization. For
industrial activities. In certain areas
production of bricks, we are using Use of Cement, Fly Ash where by product lime is not
good plastic clay as primary raw
material. This clay is often obtained
and Phosphogypsum As available in adequate quantity,
An alternative for burnt Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) can
from prime agricultural land,
be used as the source of lime
causing land degradation as well Clay Bricks producing the good quality of bricks
as economic loss due to diversion This is new technology which works and blocks. This technology is
of agricultural land. Though clay is with the strength of fly ash, lime proved to be environmentally safe
easily and abundantly available in and gypsum chemistry. The slow and sound.
nature, its resources has a chemistry of fly ash and lime is
threshold limit and utilization of clay maneuvered by tapping ettringite Materials
has reached such a point in phase to its threshold limits through Fly ash used for the present study
construction. Excess use of good sufficient limit of gypsum. Therefore, is obtained from the Thermal Power
clay caused erosion of fertile soil it does not require heavy duty press Plant, Eklehara, Nashik. As good
and soil degradation and disturbed or autoclave, which is otherwise quality of lime is not available in
the ecology. required in case of only fly ash and the vicinity OPC is used as a
The burnt clay brick industry in lime. The process completely source of lime and Phosphogy-
India produces over 60 billion clay eliminates the thermal treatment psum (CaSO4 2H2O) is obtained
bricks annually resulting in strong (except open air drying) and does from Savil Agrovates, a Kopargaon
impact on soil erosion and not require combustion of any fossil based company producing
unprocessed emissions. For fuel. The ingredients of the units agricultural product where
production of these bricks about such as bricks and blocks, fly ash,

136 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Alternative Material

phosphogypsum is available as a the water content for the normal

waste. consistency was determined. The
water content used in the mix for
Mix Proportions strength tests was 90% of that
As our main intention is to search required to produce the standard
an alternative material for the normal consistency.
conventional burnt clay bricks by
using the waste materials and to Preparation of Mortar
produce a low cost building Blocks
material, emphasis is given to use Standard cement mortar cube
the waste products to the maximum moulds of size 70.7mm x 70.7mm
Graph No.1: Variation of Compressive
extent and hence following mix x 70.7mm were used for preparation Strength with age for M-1 Mix
proportions are used for the present of blocks. The mixed binder was
study. The mix proportions are given placed in the cube mould and was
in the Table No.1 are in terms of compacted properly by rod. Excess
dry weights of the ingredients. paste was hand finished. The
Shrinkage cracking is a major mould was filled in three layers
weakness in gypsum based blocks. and each layer was compacted
Shrinkage cracking can be properly.
minimized by keeping the water
content of the binder as low as Method of Curing
possible. The blocks were taken out from the
moulds after 24 hours. After removal
from the moulds the blocks were
kept for air drying for 2 days. After
sufficient strength was gained,
these blocks were transferred to
water filled curing tanks.

Experimental Work
To check the feasibility of Cement,
F.A. and P.G. binder as an alternative
Methodology material for traditional burnt clay
Mixing of Raw Materials bricks following tests are performed
The weighed quantity of on the binder.
Phosphogypsum, Cement and fly 1) Compression Strength Test
ash were thoroughly mixed in dry 2) Water Absorption Test
state in a pan with the help of a Above tests were performed as
trowel. The mixture in dry state is per Indian Standards (18), (19)
mixed till it attains a uniform color. Graph No. 2: Variation of Compressive
When the mixture attains uniform Strength with age for M-2 Mix
color weighed quantity of water is
added in the mixture of fly ash,
cement and phosphogypsum. After
addition of the required quantity of
water the mixture is thoroughly
mixed with the help of trowel in a
pan. After mixing the mix initially
with the trowel the mixture is again
mixed thoroughly by kneading until
the mass attained a uniform
To calculate the quantity of
water to be added Standard normal
consistency test was performed and

140 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Alternative Material

Density Test Table No. 2. The results of

After 28 days of casting, the cubes compressive strength are presented
was dried to a constant mass in in Graph No.1 to 4, Graph No. 1 to
an oven at 1050C they were cooled 4 show the compressive strength
to room temperature and their of cubes having different proportions
density was obtained of fly ash and phosphogypsum. The
results indicate that the
cement, F.A. and P.G. Mix have
potential to use as building
material as an alternative for
traditional burnt clay bricks.
Graph No.3: Variation of Compressive This is due to the fact that fly
Strength with age for M-3 Mix ash acts as a source of
reactive Silica and Alumina, to
give Calcium Sulphoaluminate
and Silica hydrates, which are
responsible for strength. It is
observed that the strength of
these blocks increases with
age. The maximum
compressive strength of these
blocks can be obtained with a
specific proportion of the
ingredients. It can be observed
from the test results that the
strength of the cubes
decreases as the percentage
of fly ash and phosphogypsum
increases. From the results
of water absorption, For mix
M-1 (with 50% fly ash and
phosphogypsum) and for M-2
(with 60% fly ash and
phosphogypsum) the
percentage water absorption is
Summary of Test almost same. For 70% and 80% fly
Results ash and phosphogypsum water
Graph No.4: Variation of Compressive Table No. 2 shows summary of all absorption decreases.
Strength with age for M-4 Mix tests results. For economy, the fly ash and
phosphogypsum content should be
Test Results and kept as high as possible. The
Water Absorption Test
Discussions minimum average crushing strength
After casting the cubes of each mix prescribed in Indian code for burnt
A large number of blocks were
proportion, the cubes were clay bricks is 3.5 MPa (20). As the
made with different proportions of
immersed in water and after 28 compressive strength at 7 days for
fly ash, cement and phosphogyp-
days of curing the cubes were taken M-4 is 5.63 MPa and that at 14
sum. The experimental results are
out of the curing tank and their days is 9.96 MPa, it can be said
presented in graph No.1 to 4 and
saturated mass was recorded after that the material is having adequate
the cubes were kept in oven at strength to produce bricks
1050C and dried to a constant from it.
mass and dry mass of the cubes From Table No.2 it can
was recorded. After that finding the be observed that the water
difference between the saturated absorption of cubes in the
and dry mass percentage water present investigation was
absorption was calculated. obtained to be in between
24.91% to 30.37%. As per

142 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Alternative Material

the code (20) the water absorption energy conservation. The use of fibers on compressive strength of
of ordinary burnt clay bricks should these wastes for building industries Kaolinite, proceeding of National
not be more than 20% by weight. will definitely reduce the conference at Ludhiana, CEMCT-
Clearly the water absorption for environmental pollution which will 2006,Nov.2006,pp.207-210.
some proportions is more be there because of use of burnt ♦ Ismail Demir et al., Effece of
compared to that of traditional burnt clay bricks. Such products can be Silica fume and expanded perlite
clay bricks. Nevertheless such used for low cost construction addition on the technical
bricks can be used for curtain wall practices. properties of the fly ash-lime-
and partition walls where the gypsum mixture, construction and
consequences of the high water Building Materials, 2007
♦ N. Bhanumathidas and N.
absorption capacity will be less ♦ Stefania Grzeszczyk et al., Effect
Kalidas, The role of Fal-G, The
severe. However, this aspect of Super Plasticizers on the
Indian Concrete Journal, July
certainly needs further investigation. reheological properties of fly ash
1992, pp.389-391.
The weights of various suspensions containing activators
♦ R. Ambalavanam and A. Roja,
designated cubes are found to be of the pozzolanic reaction, Cement
Feasibility studies on utilization of
less than that of ordinary burnt clay and Concrete Research, June
waste lime and gypsum with fly
bricks. The reduced weight of 2000,pp.1263-1266.
ash, The Indian Concrete Journal,
Cement, F.A. and P.G. will provide a ♦ Amit Mittal et al., Parametric Study
working comfort and ease of on Use of Pozzolanic Materials in
♦ Kumar Sunil, Utilization of Fal-G
handling, in addition to reduction in Concrete, New Building Materials
bricks in buildings, The Indian
dead weight of structures. and Construction World, October
Concrete Journal, July 2001,
Conclusion pp.463-466.
♦ Environmental and Social Review
♦ Kumar Sunil, Utilization of Fal-G
Based on the experimental for Fal-G bricks projects, Eco
bricks and blocks, Construction
investigation reported in this study, Carbon Private Limited, Jan 2006,
and Building Materials,.
following conclusions are drawn. pp.6-14.
♦ Dr. D. Sree Rama Chandra
Unique possibility exists for the ♦ Manjit Singh, Dr. Mridul Garg,
Murthy et. Al., Conventionally
bulk utilization of fly ash in Environment Friendly Building
reinforced concrete beams with
producing bricks from Cement, F.A. Materials from Waste Gypsum,
Fal-G cement in flexure, CE and
and P.G. in the proximity of thermal NBM&CW, June 2007, pp.116-126.
CR, Sept.2006,pp.47-53.
power plants, phosphoric acid and ♦ www.Science
♦ S.Marinkovic and A. Kostic-Pulek,
fertilizer industries. ♦ www.fal-G
Examination of the system fly ash-
The test cubes are having ♦ I.S.4031-1968, Method of physical
lime-calcined gypsum –water,
sufficient strength and have tests of hydraulic cement ( Part-I),
Science Direct Journal of Physics
potential as a replacement for Bureau of Indian Standards, New
and Chemistry of solids,
conventional burnt clay bricks. Delhi.
Cementitious binder with fly ash ♦ I.S.269-1976, Specification for
♦ ‘Shiqun Li, Jishan Hu,, Study
and phosphogypsum content equal Ordinary Portland Cement and low
on the weathering resistance of
to 80% gives better compressive heat cement, Bureau of Indian
fly ash-lime compacts, Science
strength and 20.25% water Standards, New Delhi.
Direct, Cement and Concrete
absorption and thus suitable for use ♦ I.S.1077-1976, Specifications for
in construction industry. common burnt clay building
♦ Luciano Santoro and Ignazio
Being lighter in weight, Cement, bricks, Bureau of Indian
Aletta, Hydration of mixtures
F.A. and P.G. mix will reduce the Standards, New Delhi.
containing Fly ash, lime and
dead weight and material handling ♦ T.T.T.I., Chandigarh, Civil
phosphogypsum, Thermochimia
cost in multi storied constructions. Engineering Materials, Tata
Acta,98 ,1986, pp.71-80.
The utilization of wastes in McGraw- Hill Publishing Company
♦ A.K.Choudhary and J.N. Jha,
making cementitious binder will Limited, New Delhi.
Characteristics evaluation of fly
help in solving the disposal and ♦ M.S.Shetty, Concrete Technology,
ash for the stabilization of an
health hazard problems. It is further S. Chand and Company Ltd, New
expansive soil, proceeding of
needed to develop awareness Delhi
National conference at Ludhiana,
among users, professionals and ♦ M.L. Gambhir, Concrete Manual,
financial supporters for using these Dhanpat Rai and Sons, New
waste materials for techno- Delhi
♦ Jagroop Singh, Effect of fly ash,
economic reasons in addition to
cement and randomly distributed
balance economy and achieve

144 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


Experimental Investigation
on Flexural Behaviour of Reinforced
Concrete Beams Strengthened by
Ferrocement Laminates
This paper investigates the flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete beams
B.Sivagurunathan, Selection
strengthened by ferrocement laminates. Totally five beams of length 3200mm,
Grade Lecturer in Civil
width 150mm and depth 250mm were cast and tested. A flat ferrocement
Engineering, Thiagarajar College
laminate 125mm wide, 25mm thick and 3000mm long was cast using cement
of Engineering, Madurai.
mortar as binder and weld and woven mesh as reinforcement. The experimental
Dr.B.Vidivelli, Professor in Civil
study shows that the ferrocement laminate increases the flexural bahaviour of
and Structural Engineering,
the distressed reinforced concrete beams. The aim of this project is to bond
Annamalai University,
ferrocement laminates to reinforced concrete beams and strengthen it against
Annamalai Nagar.

Introduction using conventional materials and construction to date has been for
construction techniques. Externally silos, tanks, roofs, irrigation
Increase in service loading,
bonded steel plates, FRP and ferro- channels, manholes & covers, and
environmental degradation, damage
cement laminates are some of the mostly boats. The construction of
of structure due to poor quality of
traditional techniques available. In ferrocement can be divided in to
material and inferior design,
the context of strengthening four phases:
upgrading of old structures as per
problem, advanced composites ♦ Fabricating the steel rods to form
new code and need of seismic
have the potential to prove another a skeletal (cage) framing system;
retrofit leads to the need of repair
promising solution. ♦ Tying or fastening rods and mesh
and rehabilitation. Rehabilitation of
to the skeletal framing;
deteriorated civil engineering Introduction to ♦ Plastering and
infrastructure such as beams,
♦ Curing.
girders, bridge decks, parking Ferrocement
structures, marine structures, roads Ferrocement is a form of reinforced Review of Previous
etc has been the major issue in cement mortar (micro concrete) that
the last decades. The need to differs from conventional reinforced Work
upgrade the deteriorated civil or pre-stressed concrete primarily Ong.K.C.G, Paramasivam.P and
engineering infrastructure greatly by the manner in which the Lim.C.T.E. (1992),
enhances with the ever increasing following elements are dispersed In this study the methods of
demands. Therefore rehabilitating and arranged. It consists of closely strengthening of reinforced concrete
existing civil engineering placed, evenly distributed multiple beams using ferrocement
infrastructure has been identified as layers of mesh or fine rods laminates with skeletal bar attached
an important issue to be addressed. completely embedded in cement onto the soffit of the beams are
The strengthening of concrete mortar. Widespread use of reviewed. The methods of
structures to resist higher design ferrocement in construction industry anchorage of the ferrocement
loads, correct deterioration-related has occurred during the last 40 laminates in the strengthened
damage, or increased ductility has years. The main worldwide beams have been investigated. The
been traditionally accomplished application of ferrocement methods of increasing the ultimate

146 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


load of the original beams using

ferrocement laminate and to control
the cracking behavior of the beams
as well the effect of the damage of
original beams prior to repair are
strength at different load
It is concluded that the
stages between control,
strengthened beams have
damaged and repaired
performed better in cracking
behavior, reduction in mid-span
deflection and increased ultimate Experimental
load. Further, the pre-cracked
beams prior to repair did not affect Programme
the ultimate loads of the
strengthened beams tested. Material Used
Mohd Zamin Zumaat and For the beam specimen, the
Ashraful Alam (2006), concrete with design Figure 1: Cross section and reinforcement
In this study, methods of compressive strength of M20 details of RC Beams
strengthening of reinforced concrete was used. The concrete mix
beams using ferrocement proportions are given in Table1. 43 Details of Test
laminates with skeletal bar attached grade Portland Pozzalana Cement
on to the soffit of the beams are (PPC) confirming to IS: 1489 –
reviewed. The addition of 1991, having a specific gravity of Five beams were cast for flexural
ferrocement laminates with skeletal 2.92 was used. Locally available test out of which one beam was
bar to the soffit (tension face) of river sand having a fineness control beam the second and third
the beams substantially delayed modulus of 2.61, specific gravity of were tested for service load and
the formations of first crack, 2.65 and coarse aggregates of rehabilitated and the fourth and fifth
restrained the crack widths and 20mm maximum size, having a beams are retrofitted. For
increased the flexural stiffness and fineness modulus of 6.97 and rehabilitation and retrofitting
load capacities of the strengthened specific gravity of 2.9, were used. ferrocement laminates were used.
beams. The effects of curtailing the High yield strength deformed bars The details of reinforcement used
ferrocement laminate short of the of Fe 415 were used as in the beam are as shown in the
supports were studied. In the reinforcement in the concrete beam Fig.1. Wooden moulds satisfying the
strengthening carried out in the For casting of the ferrocement above specimen size were used.
present work, the ferrocement laminates Portland cement mortar Before casting, machine oil was
laminates were extended over the matrix, woven and welded meshes applied on the inner surfaces of
supports. This however would be of size 24 gauge are tied together moulds. Concrete was mixed using
difficult to achieve in practice. to act as reinforcement. tilting type laboratory concrete mixer
Vidivelli.B, et al (2001), Ferrocement may require chemical and was poured into the moulds in
In this study, the damage due additives to reduce the reaction layers. Each layer of concrete was
to overloading is considered. A total between the matrix and the compacted well. The specimens
of three beams were cast and reinforcement.
tested. One beam (control beam)
was tested to ascertain the load
deflection behaviour and ultimate
load. The remaining two beams
were damaged by overloading. After
unloading the damaged beam
specimens were repaired with Figure 2: Preparation of distressed beam surface
ferrocement laminates with single
layer at tension face using epoxy.
Static test was conducted on all the
beams to determine the load
deflection behaviour and ultimate
load. A comparison was made on Figure 3: Ferrocement laminate
crack width, deflection and ultimate

148 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


The rehabilitated and retrofitted

beams were again tested by two
point loads and at the end of each
load increment; the deflection was
carefully observed and recorded.
The recorded values are graphically
represented and are shown in Fig.6.
Figure 4: Bonding of laminnates to the beam
Results and
From the test results summarized
in Fig.6, it can be concluded that
the rehabilitated beam with
ferrocement laminates 12% lesser
load than the controlled beam. The
retrofitted beam carries 18% more
load than that of control and 24%
of rehabilitated beam. Fig.6 shows
the ultimate load carrying capacity
of the beams with different
Figure 5: Experimental setup
The experimental work was carried
were removed from mould after 24 debris. Once the surface was out in the Structural Engineering
hours of casting and then cured prepared to the required standard, Laboratory of Thiagarajar College
using jute bags. All specimens were the epoxy resin was mixed in of Engineering, Madurai and
moist cured for 28 days. accordance with manufacturer’s Tamilnadu. We would like to thank
instructions. Mixing was carried out the faculty members of Structural
Bonding of in a metal container with base to engineering Department,
hardener ratio of 1:2 and was
Ferrocement continued until the mixture obtained
AnnamalaiUniversity, Annamalai
laminate to beam uniform colour. Then it was applied
Before bonding the fabricated both on laminate and beam surface References
ferrocement laminates on the soffit and bonded properly without any ♦ Mohammad taghi kazemi and
(tension side) of the concrete beam, air gap. Reza morshed (2005), “Seismic
surface was made rough using shear strengthening of RC
sand blasting and cleaned with an Experimental set-up columns with ferrocement jacket”,
air blower to remove all dirt and Two-point loading system was Journal of structural Engineering,
adopted for the tests. Vol.1.
At the end of each load ♦ Ong, K.C.G, Paramasivam. P and
increment, deflection Lim, C.T.E (1992), “Flexural
and ultimate load were strengthening of Reinforced
carefully observed and concrete beams using
recorded. The ultimate ferrocement laminates”, Journal of
load for the control Ferrocement, Vol.22, No.4, PP. 331
beam was found out. - 342.
Then the other two ♦ Vidivelli.B, Antony Jeyasehar.C,
beams (S) were tested Srividya P.R. (2001),”Repair and
for service load and Rehabilitation of Reinforced
rehabilitated with concrete beams by Ferrocement,”
ferrocement laminates. In proceedings of the Seventh
The other two beams International conference on
(R) were retrofitted with ferrocement, Singapore, PP. 465
ferrocement laminates. – 470.
Figure 6: Load vs Deflection

150 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Products & Technologies

Polished Concrete Floors

good way to cure the slab. Any
remaining curing compound that
does not dissipate over time is
usually easily removed during the
coarse-grinding phase of the
polishing process.
Of equal importance to the
appropriate mix design is how the
concrete is placed and finished. The
flatness and levelness of the
concrete substrate is crucial not
Anant Shekhar Sahay, only for a uniform polish, but also Adding colors to polished
Vice-president Business Development- how the project is bid. Floors that concrete, either integrally or with
South East Asia, Bomanite India. have excessive highs and lows will stains and dyes, can create a
require a tremendous amount more distinctive look for your floors.

lthough currently there are no Acid staining or dyeing is a
grinding, increasing your labor costs
industry standards specifying great method of achieving color on
as well as the costs of your
concrete tolerances specific polished floors. Different applicators
diamond tooling.
to polished concrete, manufacturers have different methods and time
According to industry standards,
as well as installers are coming up frames of applying the stains and
finished concrete shall have a
with their own set of standards to dyes. We have had excellent results
minimum Floor Flatness rating of
obtain a quality polish job. On new with applying dyes around the 400-
at least 40. The industry standard
concrete installations that will grit phase. Let’s review the process:
for terrazzo is no more variance
ultimately receive polishing, certain ♦ Coarse grind with 40-grit metal
than 1/4 in. in a 10-ft. span, which
performance criteria need to be met bond (if necessary)
can also be applied to polished
so the polishing company can ♦ Grind with 80-grit metal bond
concrete. If the slab is being
perform a uniform quality job. ♦ Apply densifier
machine troweled with walk-behind
On new concrete installations, ♦ Grind with 150 metal bond
machines, it is imperative to not
the concrete mix design is critical. ♦ Remove scratch pattern from 150
leave indentations or boot marks
Using a cement-rich concrete grit with 100/200 resin bond
behind since they are not easily
(typically 3,500 psi) provides a ♦ Remove scratch pattern from 100/
removed during the polishing
dense surface free of voids for the 200 grit with 400 resin bond
polishing process. We can also ♦ Apply color stains or dyes
The main methods of coloring
use many times water-reducing ♦ Polish with 800-grit resin bond
polished concrete consist of
admixtures to keep a low water ♦ Polish with 1,500-grit resin bond
integrally coloring the concrete mix
cement ratio without jeopardizing the ♦ Polish with 3,000-grit resin bond
or staining or dyeing the surface
workability during the concrete There are certain situations that
after the fact. By far the easiest and
placement. Wet curing of the new the consumer may not choose a
most controllable method is to
slab is an excellent way of curing 3,000-grit polish. Most Home
integrally color your concrete. Most
but many times it is not practical. If Depots or Lowe’s, for example,
integral color is either in the liquid
this is the case, dissipating liquid typically are polished to 800 grit.
or powder form and added at the
applied curing compounds are a There are many levels of polished
ready-mix batch plant and then
mixed for a specified time. Color
loads for integral color should never
be smaller than 3 cu. yds. for color
consistency. Colored aggregate or
crushed glass can be added to the
concrete mix or hand seeded into
the top layer of the mix. The
polishing process will reveal the
underlying aggregate.

152 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Products & Technologies

an extremely hard surface and

helps preserve the finished floor.
Because most of the material
penetrates the surface and is
applied very thin, scuffing or
scratching is usually not a problem.
Dealing with edges up against
walls is always an issue. If the
polished surface is to terminate
directly against the wall, there are large investment. Talk with
floors that stop short of truly being
walk-behind machines to address manufacturers of polishing
“polished concrete,” but have their
this. Most of the time, tooling by equipment and ask why their
own unique and distinctive look.
hand with grinders and diamond equipment and services are better
For the professional polisher, it
pads is necessary. Another way to than others. Make sure you have a
is often debatable if some type of
address edges is to use different market to support the hefty
topcoat is needed with some
mediums and create a border investment. Polishing machines can
claiming that it defeats the purpose
making the edge an architectural also be used for other applications,
of polishing relative to the ongoing
feature. We have had great results such as adhesive and coatings
maintenance. Especially when
saw-cutting a border in and then removal or to prepare surfaces for
using dyes, we feel that it is
using cement based skims or decorative overlays, to name a few.
necessary to apply two thin coats
colored epoxy.
of reactive penetrating sealer to help For further details please contact:
If you are considering to pursue
lock the color in. If applied properly Tel: +91-22-30400329, 30500781 (D)
the polished concrete market, make
- over a clean surface in multiple Fax: +91-22-24385770
sure you do your homework. The
thin coats (1,500 to 2,000 sq. ft.
purchase of equipment can be a
per coat per gallon) - this provides Website:

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 153

Post Event Report

bC India
Displays CE Progress
and Promises

154 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Post Event Report

and services available globally, the

best B2B opportunities to all the
national and international
participants of this trade fair.
In his presentation, Eugen
Egetenmeir, Managing Director of
Messe Muchean International (MMI)
stated that in construction
equipment manufacturing and
marketing, there has been
movement from West to East. The
huge international presence at bC
India, shows the serious interest of
the global players to understand
the Indian CE manufacturing and
marketing so as to take the best
advantages of the emerging
opportunities that India’s
infrastructure development and
progress offered. He urged the
authorities to facilitate creation of
state-of-the-art exhibiting facilities as
demand for such events is
increasing in this country. President
The first edition of bC India was national and international
AEM, Dennis Slater said he was
successfully organized jointly by bC companies.
convinced that bC India will indeed
Expo India, AEM, and MMI along Speaking at the inauguration of
play a very important role in the
with BAI at Mumbai from February 8 bC India, Thomas Loffler, CEO, bC
Indian market in the near future.
to 11, 2011, effectively projected Expo India said that the endeavour
The three days mega event
technical, marketing and managerial at their end has not only projected
witnessed high ranking visitors from
capabilities of the construction the best of national and
national and international
equipment industry. The mega international technical
construction equipment companies
event not only brought global developments in construction
leveraging the event to project CE
market leaders of the industry equipment manufacturing relevant
progress in India and abroad under
together but also offered an to completion of infrastructure
one roof. More than 22,000 visitors
extensive range of construction projects in India but also offered an
from 69 countries attended this
equipment products and services opportunity to compare products
with special focus on construction
equipment market in India
representing earthmoving
equipment, mining, production of
building materials, components,
and services. Over 500 exhibitors
from 30 countries participated in the
show with overwhelming presence
of around 70% international
exhibitors and remaining being
Indian exhibitors. The event had
nine international pavilions from
Australia, China, Finland, France,
Germany, Italy, Korea, Spain, and
the UK. Coinciding with the event,
there were number of conferences,
seminars, and buyers meets;
several new products and services
were launched by the participating

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 155

Post Event Report

products, and marketing initiatives

including their plans to build their
brands in India’s high growth
market. In such, interactive exercise
busy schedules at both the ends
was an important factor in the
reckoning. The detailed reports on
interactions in the form of Interviews
and new launches would follow in
the next issue of NBM&CW, but
some of the interactions are
reported in brief in this edition.
During the interactions all
appeared to be well for most
companies as they were quite
optimistic towards their business
performance. With market becoming
more competitive, the companies
As the curtain of bC India show right assessment but what has were seen to be diversifying into
drew, a strong feeling was lurking been seen in three days, is very new business areas, fine tuning
in the minds of all those who promising. India is a huge market their existing operations, unveiling
participated and attended the event: with potentials of continuous and their ambitious investment
Will bC India turn to be a “Doosara,” sustainable growth.The event plans and gearing up fast to encash
hopes and concerns persisted. witnessed brisk sale of products emerging business opportunities
Whatever the way it goes, it was a and services. that the growing infrastructure
well availed opportunity to project offered in India. Markets are
participants commitment and All is Well at CE End expanding and so were the ways of
concern towards progress and At bC India, NBM&CW had an the companies to reach them was
promise of construction equipment opportunity to interact with a number the common theme of this
community to manufacture and of national and international interaction, sending a strong and
supply quality products and proven captains of construction equipment loud message about their inherent
services to the clients. Said one of industry to supplement their technical fundamental and
the important captains of the phenomenal efforts on expansion, capabilities, nationally and
industry, it is too early to give the product development and new internationally, reports NBM&CW's
Editorial Team.

156 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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The demand for cranes is going up also being used in the important to provide innovative mobile
in almost all sectors due to Government and private sector solutions, said Mr. Joshi.
increasing infrastructure projects. Maximum jib length on the MC
development work in the country, Manitowoc has also invested a 125 is 60 m and in standard form,
more so in port and power sectors. lot to further upgrade Manitowoc the crane has five possible jib
Of late, it is picking up in the Crane CARE Service facilities. It is lengths, including the 60 m
construction sector (such as cement altogether different service concept maximum. The others are 30 m, 40
and real estate), said Mr. Raman from those available in the market. m, 50 m and 55 m. It also has a
Joshi, Managing Director, Manitowoc It is a satisfying concept for our maximum free-standing height of
Cranes India. Manitowoc, he added clients assuring them of maximum 44 m but can reach much higher
is well-equipped to fulfill and serve investment return on their crane by telescoping and tying off to
structures. The crane’s maximum
capacity is 6 t while at the 60 m jib
end, it can lift 1.15 t.
The crane’s lifting technology
includes a double trolley allowing it
to lift 3 t when working with a single
trolley or 6 t when working with
both. Two versions of Potain’s
established 24 kW 33PC15 hoist
are available with the crane.
When working with a 480 V
power supply, the 33PC15(GH),
which has 400 m of rope available
for high-rise building work, can offer
lift speeds of up to 96 m/min when
carrying 1.5 t on the hook. The
regular 33PC15, which has 260 m
of wire rope available, can reach
90 m/min when working with the
same load.
The GT25-5A is a 25 t capacity
crane mounted on a three-axle
the burgeoning market with Grove assets. The service is rendered carrier. It has a five-section 40.2 m
mobile cranes, Potain tower cranes from different locations in the country telescopic boom that offers a 49 m
and Manitowoc crawler cranes. The as per requirement. Manitowoc maximum lifting height when
demand in the tower crane places great importance on training working with the jib. Power for the
segment is also going up. and retraining personnel, operating crane comes from a Sinotruck
Manitowoc’s factory in Pune and maintaining for safe operation WD615.92 engine, compliant to
manufactures tower cranes of of its crane so that no untoward Euro III standards, offering a power
various capacities up to 10 ton mishaps can take place while output of 196 kW at 2,200 rpm.
which is adequately fulfilling the operating the crane. Feedback The engine drives a hydraulic
project needs of the country. Such received from the users of our system that includes a four-circuit
top slewing tower cranes are cranes indicates that Manitowoc pump that automatically combines
competent enough to fulfill the products are of superior quality, pump flows to speed up operations,
needs of construction related reliability, serviceability and as needed. In addition, a variable
projects. The Pune factory is well- unmatched technical attributes with flow hydraulic motor provides the
equipped to manufacture quality capacity requirements and global flexibility for optimal line speed. The
Potain tower cranes. The higher engineering concepts integrated in crane is suitable for tower cranes
capacity Potain tower cranes, from the manufacturing thus enabling us erection and to set up industrial
Manitowoc’s factories in Europe, are projects.

160 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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Sandvik Mining and Construction innovative design elements; they In order to highlight
unveiled many exciting products at possess a sealed nitrogen piston commitment to India, Sandvik’s
the show including its first type accumulator in order to protect impressive stand also had different
representative of a brand new range the carrier’s hydraulic pump during product lines, interactive
of Basic Breaker BA2424 specially operation from pressure peaks in presentations and unprecedented
designed for the Indian market. the breakers hydraulic circuit. The access to key people within the
bC India 2011 was not only design also incorporates a long and Sandvik Mining and Construction
seen as the perfect opportunity for heavy piston that is aligned with a organization. Some of the products
Sandvik to launch its Basic Breaker genuine Sandvik tool, there-by shown include: Breakers (BR3288,
line in India but also to showcase ensuring optimum impact energy BR4099 and BR2155), Basic Line
breakers (BA2424),
crushing (the Indian
produced UJ300/310,
US310/UH310 and
UV310 semi mobile
plants & CJ 411 Jaw
Crusher, SV1262 Grizzly
feeder), Tunnelling
(DT820 Booms), Drilling
(DQ500 drill rig).
All Sandvik products
have been developed
working in conjunction
with some of the world’s
leading quarrying and
construction companies.
This ensures that
Sandvik produces the
right equipment, for the
right application with all
features that ensure
customers benefit from
the highest levels of
productivity, but the
lowest levels of cost of
ownership and vitally
recent developments with a transfer with less recoil, in order to with minimal environmental impact.
particularly Indian flavor and to minimize carrier wear. Sandvik Mining and
highlight commitment to the Indian Available in three different Construction has recently
sub-continent market place as a housings – Box type, Side plate, experienced a dramatic increase in
whole, and to India in particular, and Pin on type – the Basic Line sales throughout the Indian sub-
said R Srinivasa Raghavan, Vice Breakers are easy to mount and continent. This growth has been
President Construction Segment, operate. Silenced box type housings particularly strong in the product
Sandvik Mining and Construction offer increased noise reduction, lines that have been developed for
Limited. making them specifically suitable India’s specific requirements, many
Simple in design, Sandvik’s for urban applications. Although of which are manufactured in India
new Basic Line utilises fewer simple, the Basic Line benefits from itself. The increasing demand for
working parts for reduced proven technology, the use of Sandvik products demonstrates that
maintenance, together with lower genuine Sandvik parts produced Indian buyers are keen to utilize
ownership and operating costs. The from only the highest quality raw advanced, high-quality construction,
Basic Line Breakers includes many materials, all manufactured to and mining equipment.
Sandvik quality control standards.

162 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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Tractors India Limited

Tractors India Limited (TIL) outriggers have been provided to power of 118hp@2500 rpm. The
launched its new TMS 875 truck provide extra stability to the gross vehicle weight is 10,500kg.
crane at bC India. The five axles machine. Hydraulics have been As per Mr. Bhatnagar: “TMS 10 will
truck crane has a maximum lifting obtained from leading European compete in certain areas with pick
capacity of 75 tons at 3 meters manufacturers.” He said “with the n carry cranes in the Indian market.”
working radius and comes with a quality features, the product is a Mr. SK Bhatnagar also briefed
four section trapezoidal boom with better offering as compared to about TIL Group’s plans to expand
boom length varying from 11.0 European and Chinese cranes to its product portfolio, particularly its
meters to a maximum of 34.6 Indian customers at a competitive crane range and related expansion
meters with 360 degree slew. price.” and diversification programme, The
Maximum road speed of the truck Material Handling solutions division
crane is 50 km/hr and is powered at present manufactures, markets
and services
equipment pertaining
to diverse material
handling needs, as
well as port and road
building solutions.
Currently, TIL produces
nearly 200 mobile
cranes a year at its
Kolkata factory. A
second factory is being
set up in Kharagpur to
manufacture higher
capacity crane
products with an
investment of Rs 100
crore. The new facility
which will be fully
modernized and state
of the art is expected
to be ready by 2013,
he informed.
TIL compreh-
ensive product portfolio
by AL 680 TCAC 235 HP engine @ TIL also launched its new TMS covering various critical sectors,
2200rpm. 10, 10 ton truck mounted crane.TMS along with its upcoming
According to Mr. S.K. Bhatnagar, 10 can lift 10 tons @ 3 meters manufacturing facilities is expected
Director & President, Materials working radius. The crane comes to transform the Group into a
Handling Division, TIL “TMS 875 with a three section boom varying formidable and forceful icon in the
comes with a purpose built chassis from 7.8 meters to a maximum of construction equipment and
designed and manufactured by TIL 19 meters. The maximum working material handling solutions space,
itself, made out of extra high radius of the crane is 17 meters large enough and strong enough
strength steel obtained from and maximum tip height is 25.7 whose impact could be seen in the
Japanese and European sources. with jib. The two axle truck with four next 2-3 years or even earlier as it
Drive line has been sourced from outriggers is mounted on Indian, proceeds with its most ambitious
Indian manufacturers. Four Ashok Leyland chassis with rated and diversified expansions.

164 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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Discussion with Mr. Kevin R wheel once again and hence the services acquired. Playing on
Thieneman, President Caterpillar prime need for promoting pricing for a foothold in the
Asia Pte Ltd covered remanufacturing suitable to a business is no longer valid in the
Remanufacturing as Cat’s new particular region’s industrial present context. Competition is
focused area, global and Indian requirement. Remanufacturing per becoming more stiff where service
construction equipment market se should not cause worry as being components, product life cycle would
scenario, policy seen in some quarters. The sway buyers choice. Internal cost
measures impacting business impression that it could lead to reduction in manufacturing and
environment and strengthening of dumping second hand products is product development, enhanced
Caterpillar’s presence in India. not quite well founded and there is cost absorption and increased
On Remanufacturing in which no need to cry wolf about it, was efficiency level would hold the key
the company has been a big votary the advice from Kevin. to sustain competition. Competition,
we firmly believe will
drive the growth for
all, he opined.
B u s i n e s s
environment in India
has improved a lot.
But concerns are still
there on policy
dithering taking place
from time to time
especially on
environment issues
and this need to be
sorted out for a
stable policy regime.
We have great
confidence on Indian
market place. This
has been our focus
in the past and it
would continue in
future too, offering
new product line
towards meeting
both at WTO and in India, Kevin The markets scenario India growing infrastructure
made his stance very clear that it is internationally and nationally in India development needs. Our road map
the most economical manufacturing is undergoing a sea change. With for India is constantly evolving,
route. In the present contest, it recovery now being more broad- depending on the need of local
appears to be a good concept based, demand and supplies are demand. We are expanding our
where cost of manufacturing counts. improving a lot. So is the profile operations with appropriate
It is a time tested and economical and mind-sets of the buyers. investment plans and, strengthening
concept offering best solution for Buyers in the market place are our market reach. With these
high end and other sophisticated being seen as far less sensitive to measures and reorienting them
products. Low quality products lack the price factor as was the case in from time to time as local
sophistication and high tech the past. They are gradually requirements and demand, we will
attributes rendering operations becoming more value addition continue to serve as effectively as
unproductive as well as conscious demanding better possible and participate in the
uneconomical. It is going to be technical attributes and assured infrastructure development in India
economically unviable to comprehensive back up technical not only actively but also proactively.
manufacture these like inventing the support for the products and

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The just concluded bC India was success, it has now become one attendance of builders and
really a very well-arranged and in of the most important construction contractors from all over the country
fact it was for the first time when exhibitions in India for future, said and BAI session at the same time
such an event took place in India Mr. Sanjoy Chakrabarty, MD, Soilmec in Mumbai offered opportunities to
where all major Indian construction India on the sidelines of the event. its members to visit the show. The
equipment manufacturers and a He further stated that the number of visitors from all over the
good number of suppliers from association of BAI for this event world including SAARC countries
different parts of the world were was indeed one of the major was really beyond our expectations
present. Due to this magnificent reasons for its success, good and as an exhibitor we were more
than happy to see this that people
took this event very seriously.
At the show, we displayed CFA
kit and an innovation of the 24mts
CFA conversion kit to fit on a std
SR-40 which is going to be the
future of India once CFA starts
working. Also displayed were our
SR-30 with a grab which could
travel with a grab mounted, SM-14
and also locally manufactured
products like tools and Desanders
in various panels.
Soilmec had a very attractive
two-storied stand of prefab structure
from Trimo where people loved
sitting on the terrace with a
panoramic view of exhibition ground
overlooking the BKC business
district skyline in the evening. We
did good business there and have
made a few good deals with some
important customers.

Talking about German participation to interact with German construction keen to participate in this growing
at bC India, Mr. Rajesh Nath, equipment manufacturers as more market, which is growing fast at
Managing Director VDMA India said than 65 important companies from present both in size and in its
VDMA office in India is an important Germany have participated in this technological status. Apart from
contact point for Indian companies mega event under German pavilion. setting up their manufacturing
The Indian office of VDMA facilities in India, many companies
has facilitated their are participating in Indian market
presence in this show. place through sales and services
According to Mr. outfits–all together promoting and
Nath, German machinery contributing to Indo–German trade
manufacturers view India and economic ties. The total export
as a good market for of German Construction Equipment
their products and and Building Machinery export to
services and are very India touched `1080 crores in 2010.

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Volvo Construction Equipment used configuration and undercarriage to can pave up to 300 mm thickness.
its extensive display at the show to suit the tough site conditions and Volvo DD 80 Asphalt Compactor
demonstrate its commitment to delivers 20-25% more productivity provided with multi layer thickness
improving fuel consumption and and economical in terms of Tons / capability with 8 amplitude settings
lowering emissions in its products Litres. ensuring faster compaction. Its
– and also to underline the Volvo provided the full range of automatic reversal of eccentrics
company’s expanding product, road building equipment – Hydraulic matches the direction of travel for
manufacturing and distribution Excavators, Wheel loaders, Motor smooth mat finish, combined with
capabilities. Graders, Soil and Asphalt higher dynamic linear loads to
The star of the show was a Compactors, Pneumatic Tyre achieve densities with minimum
pair of the latest Volvo excavators – Rollers and Paver Finishers. This passes.
the EC140BLC Prime and the show was featured with display of L120F is powered by fuel
efficient Volvo engine
and engineered to
match the drive train
and hydraulics for
superior wheel loader
performance. The
engine develops high
torque at low rpm
enabling excellent
load carrying
capabilities’ at low
engine speed thus
saving on fuel
patented lift arm
system TP Linkage
combines high
breakout force and
excellent parallel
movement throughout
the entire lifting range.
Volvo also used
this platform to
highlight its extensive
portfolio of products
EC210B Prime ; the latter specially two types of road machineries – and services that are designed to
adapted for work in granite, marble ABG 4361 Paver Finisher and DD support the range of machines.
& aggregates quarry applications. 80 model Asphalt Compactor. Emphasizing on the benefits of
These excavators are powered by ABG 4361 is the virtual partner Genuine Volvo Parts in servicing
Volvo engine and engineered to in paving business of every road and maintenance duties, the Volvo
match the hydraulic for superior construction company - A result of stand promoted the introduction of
excavator performance. EC140B optimum Owning cost, High degree Reman Hydraulic components into
Prime comes with the bucket of Paving quality and Ease of the Indian market.
capacity of 0.52/0.57/0.75 Cu.m and operation and transportation. It is Volvo has recently invested in a
operating weight of 14 tons where extremely versatile in operation with new factory Remanufactured
as EC210B has bucket capacity of paving width that can be Component Centre in Bangalore
0.85/0.92/1.22 Cu.m and operating continuously varied from 2.5m to whose technicians expertly restore
weight 22 ton. Both the models are 4.75m, with the extensions up to a range of components to an often
equipped with correct boom/arm/bkt 5.5.m with add-on segments and

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better-than-new standard (‘Better’ environment. In short, Volvo with a free three-year subscription.
because components are upgraded Reman is the economical, While CareTrack offers customer a
to the latest iteration of that unit’s convenient and reliable way to number of advantages, a primary
development). The facility allows maximize uptime and extend the one is the ability to effectively
users of Volvo construction service life of the machine. manage machine maintenance,
equipment to have their used Another highlight at Volvo stand servicing and repair through the
components renovated at a lower was a CareTrack – Volvo’s system’s ability to ‘see’ how the
cost than buying new and telematics system that allows machine is performing, Genuine
consuming far less new materials remote monitoring and machine Volvo Parts and CareTrack are both
and energy. This program is a diagnostics on all general purpose proving useful in maintaining
natural extension of Volvo’s machines – which is now available machinery in optimal condition and
commitment towards a greener in India as standard and comes achieving maximized uptime.

Liebherr displayed its LR 1600/2, crane can self load and unload its The crane can lift maximum
600 ton crawler crane at BC superstructure and self fit its 600 tons at11 metres working
2011.According to Mr. A.K. Somani, crawlers, thus making it ideal for radius with a boom length of 42
Representative Director, Liebherr working in rural and altogether metres. With 48 metres boom
India Private Limited: “The crane remote areas in India, where length, LR 1600/2 can lift 600 tons
with its versatile features and 10 getting skilled manpower is quite at 10 metres working radius. Main
boom of the crane is 108
metres without derrick. It
can be extended to 144
metres at which it can lift
83 tons at eight metres
working radius. Luffing jib
is 96 metres. Combination
with main boom and luffing
jib is 188 metres. With
main boom the derrick
attachment is138 metres
and fixed jib is 36 metres.
190tons is the main
counterweight and 65 tons
at the carbody. With derrick
attachment, the main
counterweight can be 150
tons and 65 tons at the
carbody. The derrick ballast
can be provided at as tray
type and wheeled bogie
percent more lifting capacity as critical. The crane comes with Mr. Somani informed: “LR 1600/
compared to a contemporary special attachments, making it ideal 2 comes with a novel boom system
product of similar class, is most for wind mill construction projects.” with only one head section. The
suitable for Indian applications.” He Liebherr handed two LR 1600/2 crane has variable derrick
explained: “Irrespective of weight two Bharat Heavy Electricals adjustment system without guiding
and size, the crane is ideal for Limited for construction of 800 MW under load . It can be used with
transportation as jib sections can power projects. As per Mr. Somany, main boom and luffing jib without
be inserted in main boom section the crane can be used for derrick configuration. While working
for transportation. Besides, the construction of thermal power plans continuous, change of derrick
from 500MW-800 MW. radius can be undertaken.

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Liebherr handed the displayed crane can lift a maximum load of separate vertical sections to be
LR 1600/2 to Western India based 5tons at 15.0 metres jib length,4.15 created, as it gets pushed up by
crane hiring company, Shethia tons at a jib length of 20 metres hydraulics during the course of
Erectors and Materials handlers and at 50 meters maximum jib construction of the building. With
Limited. The key was handed by length it can lift 1.0 tons at 2.4 the hydraulic pushing system, the
Mr. Jan Liebherr. Sister Ms. Sophie metres working radius. According crane can be deployed in lift shafts
Liebherr was present during the to Mr. Hans Martin Frech, Marketing and at outside the building as well.
occasion. Director, Liebherr-Werk Biberach “The crane is suitable for highrise
Liebherr also displayed its 71 GmbH, : “71 EC-B5 does not require construction above 260 metres.
EC-B5 Flat top tower crane. The

Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd

Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) products. The DITEC engine is fully comes with a unique
launched its ‘EarthMaster’ Backhoe loaded with latest technology to REMOTECARE ™ feature enabling
Loader at bC India. The launch minimize emissions that meets BS its owner to keep track of the
coincided with Mahindra’s official III norms.” The Earth Master is machine’s operating status using a
announcement of entering into the manufactured at Mahindra’s plant mobile phone. In addition,
construction equipment business. at Chakan in Pune at a state of EarthMaster has a cockpit that
Highlighting the technical the art plant with integrated welding, provides voice and text messages
attributes of the EarthMaster, painting and assembly facilitates.. to operators related to machine
functions and warnings in six
different Indian languages.
In terms of customer support
the EarthMaster will come with a 2-
year warranty unlimited hours
warranty. The company has made
a dedicated sales and service
network to cater to the requirements
of it construction equipment
customers, which will include over
200 dealer sales, service and
spares parts outlets, 200+ service
vans to reach customers’
construction sites, 12 area offices,
one central parts warehouse, and
regional parts warehouse to supply
dealers and a call centre supporting
nine languages.
Mr. Vakharia estimated that the
backhoe loaders market size is
Mr.Kairas Vakharia, Business Head The project cost of the new about 25,000 units wherein M&M
-Construction Equipment, M&M said, business is Rs.300 crores. has installed a capacity of 200
“Earth Master is powered by The EarthMaster is the only machines per month which could
Mahindra’s DITEC Engine, a backhoe loader in India with be scaled up very quickly as the
compact 3.3 litre engine which standard joystick controls, and is demand increases. The company
delivers best in its class 83 HP. also equipped with the latest is planning to venture into the
The design of the DITEC engine generation of hydraulics, production of other earthmoving
combined with direct injection with comparable to those on large equipment. However, he declined
turbo charger & intercooler delivers crawler excavators, that allows for to give any time frame set by the
over 10% fuel savings per hour as precise, simultaneous movements company for the new products.
compared to contemporary of the backhoe. The EarthMaster

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Putzmeister GmbH, Germany, a the first choice of real estate and customers which are very simple to
leader and global supplier of infrastructure companies across operate and very cost competitive
Concrete Pumps, Tunneling India. Our company is the champion at the same time. Among the latest
Machines, Industrial Pumps and in highrise pumping and major introduction is Stationary Concrete
Mortar Machines made a notable projects worldwide are executed Pump BSA702D, designed for 20
present at bC India. Mentioning with our equipment. Putzmeister has cubic m/h and can be delivered by
about their presence in India on the Largest Truck mounted concrete a reversible drum mixer. Other in
the sidelines of the show, Mr Pump in the World – M 70. In the line is BSF20.07, a very price
Michael Schmid – Lindenmayer, MD prestigious project of Burj Khalifa competitive and an ideal starter
said, ‘Putzmeister has its state-of Tower in Dubai, Putzmeister has boom placer for road contractors
the-art manufacturing plant in Goa broken again its own World record and RMC companies which are still
not capable enough of
investing in a bigger
boom placer.
As far as the high
end products are
concerned, Putzmeister
has introduced the
BSA1409D based on
free flow hydraulics for
customer who requires
a higher output. In
addition, BSA1408HD,
a high pressure pump
which can pump
building with a height of
200 to 250 m was
presented. This model
accomplishes to be the
industry standard for
buildings of these
heights. And in order to
place the concrete on
top of the building
Putzmeister has
introduced stationary
boom systems called MX
in combination with the
which is spread over 100,000 sq by achieving a pumping height of pipelines, valve system, cleaning
m. Also we have a countrywide over 606 m. Last year our BSA stations, and accessories.
sales and service network with 1407 D made history by pumping The Indian arm of Putzmeister
regional offices all over the concrete up to a distance of 800 m is also exporting its products to
country. Our company is committed at the Delhi Metro Tunnel site, he Srilanka, Bangladesh, S. Africa and
to bring latest Technology to India added. South East Asia. In 2010,
and believe in Best Products, Best He said further, our company Putzmeister in India has grown by
Quality & Best Service.’ has been very active in introducing 160% and has further increased its
Commenting on their products new technology and products to this market share in all product
Mr. Lindenmayer stated, Putzmeister strong growing market. It has categories.
pumps have been deployed at implemented new models for
various prestigious projects and are

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Wirtgen India Pvt Ltd.

Wirtgen India, displayed its total performance compactor that caters the beginning of a major success
range of solutions involving Vogele perfectly to the customary bidding story in India and the country will
pavers, Wirtgen Road milling requirements in India. A team of make its way in the world just like
machines, recyclers, slipform engineers and technicians from the other emerging markets in
pavers and the new Hamm 311 India and Germany developed the Brazil and China. And all brands of
Soil compactors manufactured at product and established and the Wirtgen Group will profit strongly
the Wirtgen India Pune facility. qualified a new logistics chain from the market success because
Talking about their new onsite in Pune that ensures that we have made timely investments
development Mr. P. Ramesh, CEO the production line is supplied with in a local production facility.
Wirtgen India has
sold hundreds of
Wirtgen Group
machines in Indian
market in the last ten
years. With the start
of additional major
road construction
projects, this number
will increase
dramatically over the
coming years. In
order to guarantee
that the machines
would be overhauled
regularly and the
spare parts are
available for the entire
country, the Wirtgen
Group also invested in
a new workshop and
a large spare parts
centre in Pune.
& Managing Director, Wirtgen India high-quality components, he Maximum four machines can be
said that with the production of explained. overhauled at a time at the highly
Hamm single-drum compactors On the group presence in the advanced workshop which is also
311, we have developed a model country, Wirtgen Group has equipped with a 20 tonne overhead
that is designed specifically for the maintained a strong presence in crane. The regional stores are
Indian market. This single drum India since 1995 with local sales supplied with original Wirtgen Group
compactor corresponds to the high and service centres in Mumbai, parts from the new main spare
standards of quality of the Wirtgen Ahmedabad, New Delhi, Hyderabad, parts depot that covers an
Group but is manufactured locally Bangalore, Chennai, and Kolkata. additional 600 m2 of floor space.
so that the pricing allows us to With the start of production of the Customers can also be supplied
prevail on this highly competitive Hamm single-drum compactors the directly from Pune if necessary. The
market. The 11 tonne single-drum workforce is being increased to entire parts dispatch process is
compactor for earthworks is a high- roughly 185 employees. We are at controlled via SAP.

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Terex Mineral Processing Systems

Processing Systems Terex® step towards our commitment to Plant was on display which is an
Minerals Processing Systems leads serve the local customers with all electric plant which can easily
the industry with the most advanced locally designed world class be tied into new or existing
portable plants which now includes product range.” secondary, tertiary, and quaternary
the NEW Terex® WJ 1175 Wheeled Terex MPS would be looking at crushing applications.
Jaw and WC1000 Wheeled Cone/ strengthening its presence in India The WJ 1175 consists of Terex
Screen Plant. and across Asia with the launch of JW 42S Jaw Crusher Chamber with
Terex Mineral (Terex MPS) the wheel mounted product range. inlet opening of 1070 mm x 762mm
launched its new Wheel Mounted The product would target the (42" x 30") and comes with
Crushing & screening Plant Range Construction, Quarrying and Mining Hydraulic Closed Side Setting
arrangement. The WC
1000 consists of Terex
TC 1000 Cone Crusher
and Terex IV Deck
Screen. The secondary
chassis has been
designed with on board
hopper and feeder for
proper choke feeding of
the Cone Crusher.
Providing detailed
features of the Wheel
Plant range, Mr.
Shekhar mentioned,
“We now have the full
product range to meet
the needs of the fixed
site customers with our
static, Wheeled and
Modular Product
Range. Terex® Minerals
Processing Systems
provides a complete
range of crushing and
screening process
equipment to
customers around the
in India at the bC India Show. The segments. The machine has been world. With over 100 years in the
Plant consisting of Wheeled Mobile designed with many key customer minerals processing industry, Terex
Primary Jaw Crusher and friendly features and aims to be the MPS is dedicated to offering cost-
Secondary Mobile Cone Crusher best in the industry in terms of set effective solutions for the long
has been designed to suit the up time. term. The equipment range includes
needs of the local market. The Plant The Terex® Wheeled Crushing Terex® Canica, Terex® Cedarapids,
would be built at Terex & Screening Plant consisting of WJ Terex® Jaques and Terex® Simplicity
Manufacturing facility at Hosur, Tamil 1175 and WC1000 is built for models, plus new Terex® models
Nadu. According to Mr. Jaideep portability, especially for applications that we are continually developing
Shekhar, Director Sales & involving hard abrasive materials. to improve performance and
Marketing-Asia, “This is an important At bC India, the WC 1000 Cone efficiency.”

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Greaves Cotton launched a power regulation. These machines equipment technology.
premium range of construction are the latest technology in the road Continuing from its earlier range
equipment for the infrastructure construction industry and their of loaders Greaves launched its 5T
industry and with this, the company features enhance steering ability, (ton) loader, extending its range
augments its already formidable load distribution, safety & operator from the already available 3T loader.
presence with its wide range of convenience and efficiency resulting This loader comes with components
products in the 3 segments of in precision finish of roads. The from world renowned manufacturers
Concreting, Soil and Asphalt in the range comes in 1 to 2 metres and and is manufactured by Greaves
infrastructure equipment industry. is backed by Greaves service and technology. With ergonomically
designed and fully air-conditioned
operators’ cabin as a standard
feature coupled with brilliant
enhanced features like single lever
bucket operation and tilt steering
column. This loader sets a new
benchmark in this segment with
operators comfort resulting in
improved productivity and efficiency.
In addition, Greaves also
presents its 60cbm Twin Shaft
batching plant; an advanced global
technology with twin shaft mixer
technology offering a range of
features for safety and enhanced
productivity. This plant comes with
a fully automatic software controlled
Greaves Cotton (CED – support assurance. operation and a rigid structure. With
Construction Equipment Division) Also on display was the Paver the promise of service and support
launched a range of world class, which offers 9.2 metres of paving round the clock, this world class
state-of-the-art-technology products width and comes with enhanced technology product is low on
including Milling Machines, Paver, screed features offering superior maintenance. This product further
Loader, and Twin Shaft Batching compaction, resulting in high quality establishes the leading position of
Plant at the show. finish and undulation effect on Greaves Cotton along with its varied
The company brings the most roads. The features of Paver offers and wide range of batching plants,
advanced, state-of-art BOMAG faster operation, better productivity, stationery & mobile concrete pumps
Milling Machines to India with low and easy maintenance and and concrete mixers in the
advanced features like Front operator comfort which is a concreting segment of the
Loading, Track Mount & Steering hallmark of Bomag technology- construction equipment business.
and Auto Control & Auto Engine World leaders in road construction

Sany with US$ 7.5 Billion revenue Construction industry leaders. The Sany for the first time exhibited
MNC, the largest Construction exclusive range of products that its backhoe loader and excavator to
machinery maker of China & a well- were displayed included: Concrete the Indian buyers to fulfill the
known name in the concrete Pump 30C/40C/50C, Boom Pump, emerging need of India’s
machinery sector, participated and Truck Mixer, Concrete Batching Plant, infrastructure sector. Its excavator
demonstrated its comprehensive Truck Crane, Crawler Crane, is equipped with an extra ordinary
product technology and services to Excavator, and Backhoe loader. Mitsubishi engine which is stronger
Indian buyers and international and most powerful drive with lower

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with single shaft compulsory mixer

resulting in high efficiency and
homogenous mixing effect & Mixer
is designed with NO dead angle,
minimizing the residue and easy to
clean. The auto-lubricating system
extends the life of mixer and
ensures full reliability and also most
convenient and easy for dismantling
and transportation.
It has an aggregate loading
with boom scraper, eliminating the
need of backhoe loader and
reducing energy consumption. A
user-friendly HMI plus PLC control
system is equipped with a facility of
auto mixing as well as manual
Also exhibited was Sany
HBT30C–1006DY Concrete Pumps
maintenance cost and fuel the energy saving effect. Automatic which has developed technology of
consumption. idle speed arises when work stops. computer-controlled diesel engine
Advanced CDCS computer The throttle opening automatically rotation speed to effectively improve
dynamic control system by electric- reduces and the engine goes to emission, decrease noises, and
control measures and hydraulic idle speed condition. have used most advances S-valve
measures realizes the real-time In addition, Sany also displayed technology for ideal performance. It
match of engine power and main Compact Concrete Batching Plant has full hydraulic steering open
pump power .It decides exactly how SBP05 which provides the complete system, low oil temperature, local
much power the machine needs concrete solution for every and remote control. The optimized
and how much power the engine construction need the most reliable hoppers incorporated with lean
provides. 4 power modes ensure and portable solutions from small manufacturing technology are
better energy saving result by to mega construction project with featured by higher efficiency of
optimizing the parameters of power fully automatic and modularized material suction and lower residue
and hydraulic system through device for accurate weighing system of material. The maximum diameter
electric device control, realizing of cement, water, aggregate and of mixable aggregate is up to
better match result and maximizing additives . This machine is fitted 40mm, and concrete slump is 8cm-

Kobelco displayed its CKE 2500, 27.4 m+12.2m and maximum length Kobelco Cranes India Private
250ton hydraulic crawler crane combination 76.2 m+30.5m. Limited, “CKE 2500 is the best
which can lift 250 tons at a working Minimum luffing jib combination is selling segment in India and we
radius of 4.6 metres with a boom 21.3m+21.3m and maximum length have sold 86 units so far. Seventeen
length of 15.2 metres. With a combination is 61m+61m. The of CKE 2500 were sold to Bharat
maximum boom length of 91.4 crane comes with a counter weight Heavy Electricals for power plant
metres, the crane can lift 21 tons at of 90t and car body weight of 24.0 construction and also to rental
17.7 metres working radius. The tons. The crane is powered by companies. The crane got good
minimum and maximum length water cooled Hino Diesel Engine response due to its versatile lifting
luffing boom is 15.2metres and 61.0 with rated power of 247kw at 2,000 capabilities.” Kobelco sells hydraulic
metres. Long boom length ranges rpm. crane with a capacity variants of
from 64.0m to 91.4 metres. According to Mr. Nilesh Bhorkar, 60-550 tons. The company has sold
Minimum fixed jib combination is Manager-Product Sales & Marketing, the cranes capacities ranging from

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expanding and consolidating

market presence, Kobelco
initially would manufacture
hydraulic cranes from 80 to
100 tons at its upcoming
plant at Sricity near Chennai
in Tamil Nadu whereas 250
tons would be taken up at a
later stage. Sixty percent of
the components would be of
local origin comprising
crawlers and fabrication parts
whereas 40% of the
components comprising
engines, boom would
continue to be imported. We
would also strengthen
60 to 135 tons to EPC contractors the event. According to Mr. Prakash customer support for our cranes
in India. Voltas Limited is the Shah, Director Samarth Lifters, the through our distributor Voltas.”
distributor for Kobelco hydraulic company will rent out the crane to There has been a steep
crawler cranes in India. EPC contractors executing liquefied appreciation of Japanese Yen at
Kobelco handed CKE 2500, natural gas projects and power the rate of 25-30% making the
250ton crawler lattice boom crane projects. Kobelco cranes dearer in India.
over to crane hiring company According to Mr. Nilesh Bhorkar,
Samarth Lifters Pvt Limited during “to take on pricing along with

PROMAN Infrastructure Services

PROMAN Infrastructure Services Pvt. “Under our new technical arrayed with capacity variants of
Ltd. announced its technical collaboration with Tesab, we would 100TPH and 300 TPH.”
collaboration with Tesab manufacture Tracked crushers and He stated further that the
Engineering Limited of Ireland to Wheeled Crushers in a phased competitive features of the tracked
manufacture new line of mobile manner. The tracked crushers crushers would enable its users to
crushers at bC India 2011. Briefing would be arrayed with capacity operate continuously at mining sites
on the association, Mr. R.S. variants of 100-400 TPH whereas and for big infrastructure projects.
Raghavan, MD, PROMAN said, the wheeled crushers would be Besides this, the machines would
be cost competitive to operate. The
tracked crushers come with a
Caterpillar power pack and it has a
large rear loading hopper with low
feed in height and hydraulic
adjusting crusher. The wheeled
crushers are self- contained mobile
crushers that come with a
Caterpillar power pack. The tracked
crushers and the wheeled ones are
manufactured under a joint
collaboration and will be co-branded
as PROMAN-TESAB. These mobile
crushers will be offered with Jaw,
Cone, Impactor and Screen

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BHS Sonthofen India

BHS-Sonthofen (India) Pvt Ltd also National Sales Manager BHS- construction of our own warehouse
participated at bC India. Highlighting Sonthofen India said, “to provide at Indirakaran on Hyderabad-
the new and forthcoming business better customer support in terms of Mumbai road. The location of the
venture in India Mr. Neelesh Desai, parts availability, we have started new warehouse would be 40
kilometres away from Hyderabad.
The warehouse would house the
entire range of components for
Twin-shaft batch mixers, continous
mixers, vertical shaft impactors and
He further stated, “we are
contemplating to launch other
models of vertical shaft impactors
during later stage of the current
year in the country.” Mr. Desai ruled
out any immediate possibility of
undertaking any indigenous
manufacturing of the products in
India. He also informed that the
company’s plan to market electronic
waste recycling plants for municipal
applications is on stream.

Voltas Limited
Voltas Limited displayed its new can lift 6.25 tons @ 6 metres The maximum speed of the
prototype hydraulic truck mounted working radius. It has four vehicle is 75kmph with total weight
VLTC-25, 25 ton crane which can outriggers with overall width of of 24,550kgs. As per Mr. Aniruddha
lift maximum designated load of 25 5020 mm. The crane is mounted Moharir, Deputy General Manager-
metric tons at 2.5 metres working on Indian, AMW 2518 chassis Cranes, Voltas Ltd, “commercial
radius with a basic boom length of powered by turbo charged water production of the crane is expected
8.8 metres and maximum tip height cooled Cummins 6BTAA-BS-II to begin from April 2011 following
of 30.2 meter with 4.6 meter jib. It engines with 178hp @2500rpm. its testing.”
Voltas also launched its new
VLPC-12, 12 ton, hydraulic pick and
carry crane that comes with a
three boom extension and has a
maximum lifting capacity of 12 tons
@ 1.9 metres working radius and
minimum of 2 tons at 10.01 metes
working radius. The crane would
be offered in two models, VLPC
12 is powered by Bharat stage -2
engines. It can travel at a top speed
of 28kmph without load. Voltas also
manufactures 20; 30.40&45 ton
rough terrain crane.

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Manitou BF
Manitou had put on display, MT 1440 as an access platform, Loader On the competitive product
SLT ( 14m lift height/ 4000kgs lifting Bucket- handling bulk material and positioning of the product, he further
capacity) ‘Maniscopic’ Rough terrain several other attachments for added, “as compared to the
telehandlers and 200 ATJ (20m specific applications- viz., rib contemporary product line on offer
Working height AWP) ‘Maniaccess’ erection for tunnels, tyre handling, in India, Manitou, a world market
access platforms and GEHL 4240 wood log handling, light dozing etc. leader in all terrain equipments,
‘Skid Steer Loader’ at bC India. “Manitou offer the widest range offer a wider range of product, better
Mentioning about the of telehandlers with over 50 models, design & operational performance,
Maniscopic, rough terrain available at various price points, to Higher safety standards in
compliance to strict European laws
& updated products. “ In
the Maniaccess range, we
offer some of the most
unique features as self-
diagnostic tools, higher
ground clearance, robust
construction, reliability etc.,
among other features.”
Further he stated,
“Manitou has appointed
different dealers in India
based on their individual
areas of expertise. ECEL
has been appointed based
on their network and
expertise to cater the
requirements of the
Construction & Rental
Industry, Dozco has been
our dealer for the Mining
Industry and Gemini is
promoting our interest in
Industrial Masted Forklifts.
Strong local partners have
complemented our strategy
to provide “application
based solutions” to our
customers at their door
step & to offer superior
telehandlers, Mr. Ajay Mandahr, suite the specific need of the after sales support. Currently, we
Director, Commercial, Operations, customers in Construction, have in excess of 150 customer
Manitou BF-India Operations said, Industrial & Mining Sector. The contact points across the length &
“the competitive positioning of our models range from 4 meters height breadth of the country; it is one of
Maniscopic telehandlers is based with a lifting capacity of 1500kgs the largest network for this product
on the fact that it provides one- to 30 meters height and a lift category in the country.”
machine-solution for almost all the capacity of 5000kgs. We also offer Further, Manitou subsidiary in
material handling applications viz., higher capacity Rough Terrain Singapore is being strengthened to
Forklift – handling material on pallet, machines with a lifting capacity of augment our capability to deliver
Jib Crane & Winch- handling 21000kgs with 10 meters lift faster the products & services to
material with Crane hook, Man heights. All the models are on offer our customers in India, added Mr.
Platform- handling man & material in India, Mr. Mandahr informed.” Mandahr.

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CHETRA, one of the trading units are robust in design and after-sales services. The importance
of Machinery and Industrial Group construction; the metallurgy adopted of those plans has grown
N.V. (M&IG)-the largest Russian for manufacture of critical parts enormously after the official visit of
international manufacturer of suits well to the Indian condition the Russian President Dmitry
machineries and equipment has and performance as a whole Medvedev in India when a new
brought here in India the most extremely satisfactory. technological emphasis of the
popular Russian industrial Dr. Mikahil Bolotin, president the international partnership has been
machines which are used in oil & Holding company M&IG has visited made. Today, CHETRA is fairly
gas, coal, mining industries, and in specially to India during this expo, representing Russia in different
road building sectors. CHETRA’s giving value to the company’s global markets, showing the best
share in the Indian pipe layer market promises for India. scientific and technical develop-
has already reached to 30% and The inauguration of the ments of the Russian specialists.
as estimated by the market players, Russian CHETRA stand, attracted According to Mr. Vladimir Lepin,
taking into account the demand of a lot of guests and visitors – The Vice-president, global markets,
mining and construction industries, Russian Consular general in M&IG, the organization of the
it may go upto 40-50% soon. Mumbai Alexey Novikov, Trade production unit will strengthen
Today, CHETRA in India offers representative Mikhail Rapota, M&IG Russian producer’s position not
dozers with the power range vice-presidents Vladimir Lepin and only in India but also in the whole
90-590 hp, pipe layers with the Vadim Kalabashkin, vice-president South East Asia region. Australia,
lifting capacity of 25-104 t for the of the Association of Equipment Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and
pipelines with the tube dia. 200- Manufacturers Megan Tanel as well South Korea have already shown
1420 mm; wheel loaders with the as media, partner and dealer their interest, in Russian CHETRA
bucket capacity of 3. 5 to 6. 7 c.m. companies. machines. By the end of 2015 the
and operating power range During his welcome speech, the number of yearly produced
140-600 hp; excavators with 23 ton trade representative Mikhail Rapota machines will go upto 200, said
operating capacity and various types mentioned the importance of the Mr. Lepin. In addition, the Russian
of special equipments for Pipeline plans of M&IG N.V., the 3-d largest specialists will carry out educational
cleaning, priming, heating & producer of heavy industrial and qualification-raising programs
Insulation works,” said CMI CEO machines to create a production for the Indian engineers
Benjamin Callow during CHETRA unit here in India that aimed at participating in CHETRA production
stand inauguration at the show. He fulfilling the growing demand and and services.
said further that CHETRA machines implementation of the high-quality

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ABG Cranes
ABG Cranes displayed its A large number of customers Customers were impressed by
indigenously developed 80 ton visited our stall from different seeing the requisite machinery and
hydraulic crawler crane named industries such as Construction, equipments such as CNC Profile
1080. It has a lifting Capacity of mining, logistics and crane hiring cutting machine, Fabrication shop,
80Mt at 4meters radius and etc. BC India show increased the Assembly shop, NDT testing, Paint
consists of Boom – 58meters and visibility of our crane across India shop and a shot blasting booth.
Jib – 18meters, Hydraulic Jacks for and Visitors were delighted to see They were delighted by seeing one
Self Loading/Unloading, Pilot Switch an Indian manufacturer for crawler complete set of spare parts kept
control, AC Cabin and Safe load cranes designed indigenously with aside for after sales and service for
indicator. The 80 ton crane comes superior quality, said Mr. R.B.Pandey, 10 cranes which rolled out of factory
with a 24.3 ton counterweight and GM and Head Marketing, ABG till now.
is powered by proven Crane. One of our customers M/s.
indigenous diesel engine, A.S.Shipping Agencies Pvt. Ltd who
is using ABG 1080 cranes visited
the stall and told that they &
Chennai port trust railway had
achieved a record performance by
handling Granite Block rake in 5hrs
and 15min on 8/1/2011 at western
yard I using 1080. He told he is
very happy regarding the
performance of the crane and
ordered more of Model 1080. This
shows customer satisfaction and
reason behind the repeat orders.
This was encouraging to us
and we are coming up with 35T
and 160T cranes customers are
eager to know about the
specifications and release date of
those cranes. Most of the
customers showed keen interest on
35T hydraulic crawler crane and
expressed their eagerness to see
the launch of this crane.
Overall we are very satisfied
Hydraulics & Winches imported Several visitors impressed by with the response we got for our
from reputed brands from Europe the crane also visited our factory to 80Mt crane. This success backs us
and Boom made from High Yield/ check our manufacturing facilities to be optimistic for our later
tensile seamless lacing tubes located at Village – Ransai in releases of 35MT and 160MT
imported from Japan. between Mumbai and Pune. hydraulic crawler cranes.

Normet introduced the most tunnels with cross-sections of 15m2 high x 16m wide. The maximum
advanced model for concrete to 140m2. vertical spraying reach is 14m. The
spraying in its Spraymec series at The electro-hydraulic self- machine features NorSmart, the
bC India. The Spraymec 8100 VC propelled mobile concrete sprayer latest state-of-the-art control system
is designed for high performance provides efficient spraying from one of the spraying process. The
sprayed concrete applications in set-up in tunnels of up to 10.3m NorSmart concrete sprayer control

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accurate spray boom and nozzle

movements and positioning, real-
time control and fault diagnostics
of the spraying process, including
a kit for accelerator, concrete and
ambient temperature measurement,
logging of all spraying process
related data and USB data transfer
and comprehensive vehicle fault
According to Mr.Rajeshwar
Singh, Country Manager, “India is
our largest customer base at the
moment and we have sold many
Normet units in the country and the
big Spraymec 8100 VC displayed
here for the first time is sold to
Leightons. Our international
partnership with Tam International
and through its 100% ownership of
TAM Construction Chemicals (India)
will give us a further reach into the
system provides efficient, productive accurate and reliable alkali-free
construction and mining industries
and high-quality concrete spraying accelerator dosing (control system
in India, he added.”
with functions that include: Low- integrated into concrete output),
pulsation spraying and pumping,

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Fayat Group
Fayat Group, the road building compactors, and compaction presented its entire range of
equipment major participated at bC equipment were displayed. Hypermobile & Modular asphalt
India and displayed its top brands: Alongside these products, a plants to the visitors. Fuel efficiency,
BOMAG, MARINI & BREINING. comprehensive range of the Green plant technology, and
Fayat’s every brand is world- intelligent compaction tools and Recycling systems were the focus
renowned for its leading solutions were also presented. of the Marini presentations.
technologies. Top quality products MARINI, India’s No.1 high Marini ROADSTAR – is the
including the newly launched capacity asphalt plant supplier, leading hyper mobile asphalt plant
Bomag pavers, milling machines, model in India. Marini during the
show announced the launch of RS
1800 and RS 2700 160Tph/ 200
Tph hyper mobile plants for India.
On the Modular asphalt plant front,
the MAC 320/360 range of plants
were also offered to customer in
India who realized the benefits of a
highly reliable and high capacity
asphalt plant there and then.
These products are specifically
designed to cater to the asphalt
mix requirements in the country.
The designs focus on high
productivity, performance and
substantial savings in fuel. These
products are manufactured with
future ready features, which will help
contractors face the ever changing
and demanding environmental
concerns and mix designs.

Sicoma Mixers India

Sicoma Mixers India displayed its of our products in India over the plant in Bangalore. Productions of
range of planetary mixers. years and inquiries at bC India the mixers are expected to begin
Mentioning about the range of were quite good. during June 2011 from the new
products, Mr. Vinayak Gajendragad, He said, “in order to make the plant. To provide backup customer
Area Sales Manager-Indian price of the products competitive, support to the OEMs we have a
Operations, Sicoma India said, we would undertake local assembly service team which imparts training
“there has been a rise in demand of the planetary mixers at our new to the OEM’s through scientific
Mr. Gajendragad said that
Sicoma would continue to undertake
marketing of the products through
its own marketing network. Products
manufactured by Sicoma includes
concrete planetary mixers and twin
shaft mixers. The products are
imported from Italy.

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Action Construction Equipment hydraulic crane ACX 750 which has tons at 3.6 metres working radius
(ACE) launched its new 75 tonne a maximum lifting capacity of 75 with a boom length of 12 metres.
The crane has a counterweight
of 21 tons. At a maximum boom
length of 57 metres, it can lift 10
tons at 12 metres working radius.
Boom and fixed jib combination
of the crane is 27metres-45
metres+ 9.0metres-18.0 metres.
Jib offset angle of the crane is
10 degree and 30 degree.
ACE 750 comes with fuel
efficient water cooled Mahindra
Navistar Diesel Engine with a
rated power of 220hp @2200 rpm
and a fuel tank capacity of 350
litres. As per Mr.Rajeev Kumar
Divisional Manager, HED ACE, the
company is planning to promote
the product for Power plants,
Metro projects, pipeline
construction and heavy material
handling sectors etc.

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At bC India, PALFINGER has successful” in their jobs are the its extensive range of knuckle boom
presented both product innovations ingredients of this recipe for cranes which are the perfect
and time-tested system solutions. success. A competitive edge gained workhorses on any construction site
According to Mr. Subhamoy Ghosh, through technological innovation due to their lightweight design,
Managing Director, PALFINGER and high levels of product quality power and maneuverability. The
Cranes India Pvt. Ltd PALFINGER have always been central to the combination of the PK 10000 truck-
brand is considered to be the company, he informed. mounted crane with a T 13 PALIFT
epitome of quality and reliability all During the show, PALFINGER TELESCOPIC hookloader, mounted
over the world. A clear strategy launched 4-tonne telescopic truck- on a 16-tonne truck including waste
based on the three pillars of mounted crane, specifically tailored container, demonstrates the
interesting and powerful
range of applications that
solutions can handle in the
construction and waste
management industry.
timber handling and
recycling crane mounted on
an truck with a gross
vehicle weight of 25 tonnes
demonstrated that how
much power and efficiency
is packed into these
PALFINGER cranes that
have been specially
designed to deal with huge
dynamic loads. Additional
truck-mounted crane
innovation, internationalization, and to the Asian market for mounting attachments and equipment for
flexibilitywith committed employees on small and medium-sized trucks. every eventuality completed the
and an affirmed philosophy of In addition, it displayed PK 38502 exhibition programme.
“making customers more and a PK 10000 Performance from

Apollo Infratech
There were good numbers of new for the machine. It enables work to in pumping concrete.” Mr. Patel
product launches by Apollo Infratech. be done much faster as compared informed, “the pump would be
The Gujarat based concrete to contemporary products. finding its application in high rise
equipment manufacturing major, Importantly, the machine is quite construction both pertaining to high
launched its new fixed form paver, fuel efficient.” The fixed form paver rise and real estate projects.
trailer mounted stationery concrete would be finding its application for However, the prime new
pump and compact batching plant. the construction of concrete roads, attraction from the company was
Mentioning about the new products runways etc. On stationery concrete its, compact series batching plant.
Mr. Mitul Patel, Managing Director, pump, Mr.Patel said, “ the pump Mr. Patel said, “ to be available in
Apollo Infratech said, “the new fixed comes with s-valve technology. The rated capacity range of 20-25-30
form paver is light machine. This SAP-50 concrete pump comes with cum/ hr, the batching plant is truly
makes it quite easy to move. a concrete pumping capacity of 50 compact in its character. The
Besides, maneuvering is quite easy cum/hr. The machine is quite fast machine comes entire assembled

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from the plant and can be readily

commissioned at the plant. The
machine is ideal for job sites with
space constraint.” He added, “the
unique feature of the compact plant
is that, with retaining the same
basic structure , the same plant
can be converted to yield the
various rated concrete preparing
capacity as per the requirement of
the contractor. “ Mr. Patel informed
that, ”for providing the requisite
customer support for the users of
the new equipments , we would be
hiring new set of personnel. This
would be supplemented by getting
the present dealers and the existing
service personnel of the company
being trained.

Conmat Systems Pvt Ltd

Gujarat based Conmat Systems of 750 ltr each. The plant can find assist in rapid start up as the entire
launched its new FULLY MOBILE its application for construction of unit comes assembled from factory
AUTOMATIC CONCRETE BATCHING small culverts, bridges, road itself. This machine comes with an
PLANT with TWIN SHAFT MIXER projects and canals. The equipment added feature of 180 degree
technology for the first time in Indian comes with fully mobile PLC rotation of discharge conveyor for
Market. Giving information about the controlled plant, compact size for better space management at site.
new products, Mr. Nagesh Kudva, easy maneuverability. The loading The fully assembled plant can be
Director, Conmat Systems said, that of 3 / 4 compartment type bins for towed with standard tractor.
the mobile plants are available in aggregate & sand is with normal Giving more information, Mr.
various ranges of 20cum/hr, 25 cum/ tractor loader or backhoe loader Kudva said that, during the launch
hr, and 35 cum/hr with a water tank without any ramp assistance. It can itself, they have bagged order for 4
nos of 25 cu mt/hr
capacity mobile plants.
Further said that, they
are carrying out certain
modifications in the
software of our existing
concrete batching plant
with certain change in
basic design for easy
maintenance. Besides
this, we would
manufacture our
indigenous concrete
pump and the company
is going to launch truck
mounted concrete pump
in technical collaboration
with European

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Liugong India displayed its range carrier rollers, and the track rollers New CLG 856 has operating
of earthmoving products comprising are sealed with a floating oil seal weight of 16,800kg with a bucket
tracked excavators, wheel loaders to provide extended life. capacity of 3cum GP Bucket and
and so on. The Chinese equipment Liugong also displayed its CLG 4.5cum Coal bucket. The machine
manufacturing giant, exhibited its 920D hydraulic tracked excavator, is powered by Cummins 6CTA 8.3-
new CLG922D hydraulic tracked CLG 856 and CLG835 wheel C215 engine with a rated power of
excavator which meets Tier -2 stage loaders. It’s new CLG 920D 160kW @2200 rpm. Whereas
CLG835 has an
operating weight of
10,900kg and a rated
load of 3000 kg and is
powered by Cummins
6BT5.9 engine. Both
the loaders are BS III
Mr. Sunil Sapru,
President, Liugong
India said, “with the
new launches, we are
planning to provide
total solutions in
earthmoving to our
Indian customers. The
company is putting its
continuous effort to
emissions norms and has bucket hydraulic tracked excavator has a localize of its products with the help
capacity of 0.73-1.1cum with rated bucket capacity of 0.73-1.0cum with of company’s R&D wing. Forty five
power of 112kw @1950 RPM from rated power of 112 kw @1950rpm percent of capacity utilization is
Cummins 6BT 5.9 C engine. The supported by Cummins 6BT5.9-C being undertaken for the newly set
operating weight of the machine is engine. The equipment has an Pithampur plant. The vendor
22,000 kg. According to the operating weight of 20,500kg with identification and supply chain
company, the excavator’s heavy similar features of undercarriage management is in full stream to
welded under carriage frame like CLG 922D. The machines use further utilize the capacity of the
ensures better durability in tough the advanced CAPC system for plant.”
conditions. Apart from this, the power optimization & fuel economy.

DOZCO India Private Limited

DOZCO displayed Mini Yanmar marketing and service of their customer reliability. We would further
excavator and GEHL skid steer products in India. strengthen our position and will add
loader from Japan and USA Mentioning on the technical values for customer through this
respectively that it would market in attributes of the new product line extended product line and their
India. DOZCO also showed the new that DOZCO would be marketing, continued patronage towards our
range of hydraulic rock breakers Mr. Sandeep Bangur, Executive quality products”.
that they would be marketing for Director DOZCO India said, “Gehl On Indeco Hydraulic breakers,
Indeco, Italy as well. The company skid steer loaders are globally Mr. Bangur mentioned, “Indeco
has recently inked distribution proven equipment for their technical breakers are of premium genre and
alliance with Indeco and Gehl for standards and also enjoy outmost are much superior in performance

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enquiries from customers, and they

have appreciated the technology
and with their support we have
already opened the account for
these products.”
On DOZCO’s venture in forming
the distribution alliance for material
handling equipments, precisely that
with Manitou for tire handlers and
Terex for rough terrain cranes, Mr.
Bangur mentioned, “DOZCO is well
known to have exposure in selling
products to mining sector, with this
alliance with Manitou, we have
further added values to the
emerging requirements of the
equipment users in mining for
removal and carrying of big size
OTR tires. Manitou trye handlers to
handle tyres of 240 ton class
when compared to contemporary moving the piston, gas charging of dumper are already operating in
products.” He explained, “as the breaker is not required.” He India. For Terex rough terrain cranes
compared to the conventional added further that, “We would be he mentioned “it would be further
technology of breakers where marketing the composite range of promoted to contractors engaged
nitrogen gas is used for moving Indeco breakers that can be in pipe laying and other construction
the piston, Indeco breakers mounted on excavators spanning sectors where DOZCO have well
operates on hydraulic oil . This from 2 tons to 120 tons class.” On known requisite exposure. In total,
increases productivity, makes response from customers over through these new alliance we
maintenance easy and operating newly launched products Gehl and would further reinforce our position
cost lower. At the same time owing Indeco at bC India Mumbai, he as a one stop equipment and
the same oil from the excavator for replied “We have got good service support provider.”

Puzzolana Machinery Fabricators

Puzzolana Machinery Fabricators during the show. Mr. V. we would manufacture entire new
announced its technical Venkataramana, Vice President product line consisting of
collaboration alliance with Guddeti PMF, part of Puzzolana Group said, compactors, graders, rollers etc.
of Italy for the new product line “under the new collaboration tie up, PMF is also entering into two
separate agreements in the
area of coal processing
equipments and track mounted
crushing plants manufactured
in India and customised for the
India requirements.
The key focus is to give
the best quality and latest
technology. We are also
planning to strengthen our
existing supply chain network
from our mother warehouse to
the user points to provide
maximum equipment uptime
and parts availability.

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Jaypee India Ltd successfully the latest technology for which the Bending machine B52, Shearing
participated at the show and company got tremendous response. machine C52, Bending machine
exhibited the best machines with The machines displayed were B42, Shearing machine C28,
Shearing machine C52,the new
Bending machine B28, and Radius
bending machine RB36. In addition,
our International partner KRB
Machinery also displayed the
advanced version of Auto Stirrup
Bender COIL FORM 612.
Commenting on the show, Mr.
Ray, GM Sales said the exhibition
proved very successful for Jaypee
and we were more than happy to
see the quality visitors and serious
enquiries. We look forward for the
next edition as such type of
exhibition is very important for our
business. Also overwhelmed with
the response, Mr. Thomas, Manager
Sales rated this event as an
excellent platform for construction

Ajax Fiori
Fresh with memories of opening of innovative solutions to the company has been
company’s new plant, the third one construction and concrete sector in recording almost double digits
from the company in North India. He said his company caters growth consistently for the last few
Bangalore last month to produce to the market with revolutionary years. With additional capacities, he
batching plants with planetary concrete concepts and methods expects to achieve better in the next
mixers, K Vijay, Managing Director, with large satisfied base of over couple of years. Ajax Fiori products
Ajax Fiori could not hide his 1,000 customers across the country. and services are serving various
excitement as one of the country’s Talking about the performance important sectors in irrigation, canal
leading manufacturers of quality of the company, he said, the linings, urban infrastructure—roads,
construction equipment providing railways, bridges, Sezs, industrial
ports, tunneling jobs and in
RMC and precast. Pointing to the
big gathering viewing company’s
new product launched at bC India,
he explained important technical
attributes of Dragline batching plant
with a planetary pan mixer-DLP 30
and UNI 30, Turbosol plaster
spraying machine. This concept, he
said is new in India and the
company is in the process of
establishing an entirely new
process of plastering.

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Revathi Equipment Ltd

REL (Revathi Equipment Ltd ), a part of
the Renaissance group headed by Mr
Abhishek Dalmia, have entered the
Ground Engineering Equipment segment
by augmenting their Construction
Equipment range with two new products.
REL in association with M/s. TESCAR
Srl, Italy, launched the “CF” series Piling
Rigs at the recently concluded BC India
in Mumbai. REL will be targeting the
emerging market for Mini Piling Rigs and
is confident of making a mark in this
niche segment.
The response was very encouraging
at BC India and REL will commence
trials at various sites shortly. The strategy
is to deploy the ‘Correct’ machine for
each application, as the Indian industry
currently have only choice of ‘Very Big’
Machines. TESCAR machines are widely
known world over for their flexibility and
also the ability to operate in confined
area with very low head room. It also has
a patent for their design of telescopic mast .
The Rigs will be initially imported as CKD and in
due course will be manufactured at their facility in
Another product REL is introducing is the Vibro-
Hammer from Chowa Kogyo Co Ltd, Japan. Chowa ,
market leader in this segment, is entering Indian market
with a vast experience in executing many challenging
projects world over .Chowa ‘s ZERO series of Electric
Vibro Hammers have a market share of over 90% in
Japan and is renowned for its enviro-friendly designs
and high productivity.
REL, Construction equipment Division offers a ‘Full
Liner’ in Concrete Equipment with technical collaboration
with leading German manufacturers, and have its ISO
certified facility in Gummidipoondi, near Chennai. Every
product from REL-CED stable have certain feature
incomparable and offering value addition to clients in
terms of productivity, saving in operating cost or additional
safety features.
The THP 45 D High pressure Concrete Pump
launched in 2010 is already rated high by users due to
its capability to pump up to even 100 meters vertical
height at the same time giving a very good output.
REL also has expanded its own network to all four
regions of the country and has currently 13 dealerships
to provide after sales support to its range.

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Sree Parijatha Machinery Works

Sree Parijatha Machinery Works, the the features of the linear wet press, volumes. Also, we can design
leading manufacturers and Mr. J. Ramesh, Managing Partner, moulds as per customers’ specific
exporters of Block and Tile Sree Parijatha Machinery Works requirements apart from handling
machinery launched its latest said, “the wet press manufactured systems and related systems. Also,
offering to the market, the heavy by us is specially designed to we assist our customers in
duty wet press to produce very high produce, high density kerb stone, installation of the plant, providing
density precast products. Mentioning slabs, and flagstone in large optimum mix design and complete
technical support to get the best
out of the plant”
According to the company,
Parijatha has in its range a variety
of very successful machines for
manufacture of Terrazzo Tiles,
Decorative Grooved tiles, Interlock
paving Blocks, Heavy duty slabs,
Hollow and Solid Concrete Blocks.
All these machines proven their
performance over the years for their
trouble free performance, low
working & maintenance costs and
most importantly reasonably priced.
All this with the PARIJATHA
stamp of quality and assurance
goes a long way in providing the
customer the best value for money.

Propel Industries
Jaw Crushers, Cone Crushers Kumar Managing Director, Propel well placed quality systems to
Grizzly Screen, VSI, Sand Washers Industries at the sideline of the bC ensure quality products as per
and Hydraulic Rock Breakers—the India show. These products he said national and international standards.
complete product line of Propel are manufactured at its world-class According to Mr. Kumar, the
Industries backed by nationwide manufacturing facility in Coimbatore. product range of the company has
sales and service network is This is accredited with ISO 09001- been successfully deployed at
available in India, said Mr. V. Senthil 2008 and ISO/TS certification with important project with satisfying
performance and benefits to the
clients. The company has in place
an expansion programme as per
market demand, but it has no plans
to move out of Coimbatore, where
there are many vocational
Propel has strategic alliances
with leading equipment
manufacturers across the globe,
Socomec which has helped it to
set new benchmarks in its
production and manufacturing, he

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Giving his brief on Sennebogen, Mr. is a family run company starting out manufacture construction equipment
Michael Ibarth on the sidelines of with manufacturing agricultural products. Today, the company
the show informed that Sennebogen machines and later turn to enjoys immense success with a
broad range of products in the
material handling sector, crane
product and related product for
application in civil engineering.
At bC India, it drew the attention
of visitors showcasing its 690 duty
cycle crawler crane with its new
sales and service partner GMMCO
Ltd. He said that they were happy
to have GMMCO, a competent point
of contact for its customers. Soon
we will present our high value and
innovative crane and lifting
equipment together and we will
actively address the market in this
strongly growing area that India

Tyrolit has in its kitty super abrasive Tyrolit India Super abrasive Tools is growing year on year. The
tools using latest concrete on the sidelines of bc India. technology has inbuilt benefits like
dismantling technologies, said According to him, the market speed, ease of operation, safety
Deepak Bedi Marketing Manager, for concrete dismantling technology and that too without any impact on
the structures on which it is
applied. At bC India, we have
launched Mini Groover and Grinding
machines. These are useful for
grooving or grinding work at airports
runways, concrete roads and
highways and on industrial floors.
As these machines are diesel
operated, no power is required to
operate these machines, explained
Mr. Bedi.
Adding he said the
company has range of wire saw
systems and hydraulic drill systems
and the USP of company’s product
line is the modularity of product

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Haulotte Group
Haulotte Group exhibited its range propelled booms, push around and CEO of Haulotte Group, said, “As
of aerial work platforms (scissor trailer-mounted booms) and also European leader, our objective is to
lifts, telescopic booms, Articulating its range of telehandlers. market the full range of aerial work
booms rough terrain or electric, Mentioning about the product line, platfroms in India”
vertical masts, lightweight sef- Mr. Pierre Saubot, Chaiman and Mentioning the sectors, Haulotte
would promote its products,
Mr. Steven Tan, General Manager of
Haulotte Singapore said, “with the
versatile features, we would look to
promote our products in industrial
and construction sectors in India.
For industrial sectors, the machine
would deliver its utility in better
accessing the location heights with
numerous tools and workers. While
for construction, it would cut down
on the cost of scaffolding. The prime
utility of the machine would be
based on its mobility element that
can transport man and materials
and make them accessed to critical
work points.” He mentioned, “the
machine also provides its utility in
faster turnround of manpower, and
ensuring faster completion of

EPIC Eco Fiberglass Formwork System

EPIC Group, Slovenia, the concluded bC India show. The made from composite fibreglass
manufacturer of EPIC eco-fiberglass company is represented in the and offers formwork solutions for
formwork system, has recently country by Indigo Multitrade Pvt. Ltd, foundations, walls, columns, ceiling,
entered into the Indian Construction Mumbai. and shafts. The company offers
Industry by participating and EPIC is involved in the huge reductions in Shuttering costs
displaying its products at the just development of shuttering systems and simplification of shuttering.
These are light, durable, solid, and
resistant to temperature changes.
They can be used repeatedly for
Ten years and can sustain pressure
over 60Kn/m 2 . The speed of
panelling with EPIC Eco Systems
is very fast and abundant palette of
elements allows the best possible
panelling composition with all
flexibilities among various projects.
EPIC eco-fiberglass formwork
system brings true revolution in the
building construction industry.

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Wolffkran participated at bC to According to Mr. Mike Nunweek, our product would provide value to
disseminate information on its Regional Sales Director, Asia contractors with increased
range of product offerings for the Pacific, “Under the marketing tie equipment uptime based on their
Indian construction market. The ups, Harshadhan would provide features, involving higher hoisting
company has appointed Harsadhan sales and technical support, speed, low power consumption,
International for marketing its full involving erection, commissioning, among other features.” The cranes
range of tower cranes in India. This servicing, maintenance and parts would be with two years warranty.
would consist of luffing cranes support to Wolffkran’s Tower Cranes Wolffkran has sold five cranes in
having a capacity range from 100 in India.” India till date to real estate project
to1250 MT, topless cranes from Mr. Nunweek said, “with project developers.
0112 to 0224MT and standard trolley completion schedules in India
jib cranes from 200 to 630MT. becoming increasingly time bound,

Australian Crane & Machinery Pvt. Ltd.

Australian Crane and Machinery Australia to India for almost three the used market. The used cranes
participated to explore new years comprising crawlers, truck have been promoted by us in India
business ventures in India. mounted and all terrain cranes with with the help of dealers in various
According to Mr. Vaibhav Kale, capacity range from 40 to 500tons. parts of the country. However, our
International Sales, Australian Crane The cranes are exported after present strategy is to consolidate
& Machinery, “we have been getting them rebuilt and repaired our business and deal directly with
exporting used cranes from followed by its procurement from big ticket customers planning to go
for volumes.”

Electromech Material Handling in the country. The cranes to be constraints of space availability in
Systems announced its strategic marketed would be of single beam shop floors offering tandem picks
alliance with US rubber tyred gantry shuttle lift, shuttle lift and industrial in cost effective manner.”
crane manufacturer Shuttlelift. shuttle lift models. Electromech plans to sell 100 units
According to Mr. Tushar Mehendale, The Shuttle lift RTG’s will be of RTG’s during 2011.
MD, “under the collaboration, we promoted to prefabricated concrete Electromech manufactures EOT
would market and provide technical sectors, steel industry, modular cranes, gantry cranes, electric wire
support to Shuttlelift RTG cranes in buildings and wing power pore hoists etc. It distributes Abus
India. Electromech would distribute generation sectors. The equipment EOT cranes in India and has also
Shuttlelift’s 15tons-1000tons RTG’s precisely will help to overcome tie up with Stahl Cranes systems of

Hidrokon Limited
Hidrokon Limited choose bC India range of truck mounted knuckle affordable to Indian buyers. Mr. Acar
to highlight its products portfolio for boom cranes from 3 to 90 tons, further mentioned that our telescopic
the Indian market. Mr. Mevlut Acar, truck mounted stiff boom telescopic stiff boom cranes have boom with
Export Responsible said that we cranes having capacity range from holigonal design that provides
are in the process of selecting 10 to 60 tons and access added strength to the boom
dealers in India to market our entire platforms from 27 to 45 metres. compared to contemporary products
range of products. Through the tie We would be much competitively with less strength box type boom.
up, we would market our entire priced, making our products

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Strong Plant Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd.

“After its successful stint in the and we are keen to chip in. As a the projects, Mr. Desai added.
Middle East markets in designing matter of fact, we are currently With our highly skilled and
and execution of dewatering and working on several important dedicated team, headed by our
pile foundation projects, including projects in association with L&T in Director, Harin Anjaria and G.M.,
analysis of soil investigation reports, Mumbai, rendering dewatering Sanjoy Joseph in India, we look
manufacture and supply of tools services. We are also among the forward to carving a niche for
and fixtures, we have started our leading performers at IOCL’s ourselves in areas of Specialized
operations in India; finding it a good upcoming refinery project at Paradip, Piling Jobs, especially Inclined
market for such specialized jobs, Orissa. We are also in the rental Piles and Dewatering Designs and
where we can add value from business of equipment and Execution like Deepwell, Wellpoint,
experience “said Ashish Desai, accessories as well as supplies. French Drain as well as sacrificial
Managing Director, Strong Plant For the projects in hand, we have Systems, which are grossly lacking
Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd., the Piling deployed highly skilled and in the industry and we have come
and Dewatering specialists. experienced manpower as well as at the right time to fill that void.
The market for dewatering and state of art technology, to ensure Our concept of Vacuum
pile foundation is growing due to efficient project execution and Dewatering System Sales and
massive infrastructure programs operations’ management for the of Rental along with Millar G.I.
Couplings and Italian Hoses and
Accessories along with installation
& supervision has gained lot of
appreciation. After having kept the
deepest excavation(-27m), of the
upcoming tallest tower in India, dry
during the peak of monsoon and
achieving the fastest and most
sustainable progress in piling
amongst the best in India, we feel
that we have made a positive start
and with the support of professional
partners who appreciate the value
of quality and fast execution, we
guarantee that we shall soon be
force to reckon with on the Indian
Construction Scene and
systematically grow with the Positive
India story.

Topcon Corporation, Japan & its collection to job site construction, IPS2 Mobile Mapping System
Product range, was showcased by Topcon products and services overcomes the challenge of
its subsidiary Topcon Sokkia India provide effective solutions to take mapping 3D features at a high level
Private Ltd. Explaining the most control from field operations to of accuracy with data and dynamic
advanced technical features of these finishes. imaging for any mapping projects,
products, Deepak Nehru, Manager- Its millimeter GPS provides the also a great product for disaster
EBG Division said that USP of most receptive solution for the management. For road construction,
these products is high definition pavers system to build most the conventional stakes and strings
precision and accuracy. From data precise roads in India. Topcon’s system is no longer required as

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Topcon machines control system not

only simplifies work process but also
reduce costs. Apart from road
application, the system works
seamlessly to maximize quality and
efficiency of all earthworks, thus
eliminating possible human errors,
increasing accuracy, reducing time for
survey calculations.
Summing up various systems now
available in Indian market, Nehru said
that this is the time when customers
are ready to accept these advance
technologies. So Topcon Sokkia India
is ready to introduce its machine
control system in domestic markets.
The company has offices and branches
in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. It has a
well equipped Service Centre in Noida
with a team of talented expertise. It
has wide network of dealers covering
almost every part of the country.

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Hess Group
Mr Ralf Beier, CEO Hess Group facility in India and it is expected to He informed that Hess
appeared to be quite delighted be ready by the end of 2011. assignments in India include
about the response from Indian Mr Beier confirmed the importance commissioning a big RH1500 plant
market where the Group has of the Indian market to the Hess with mixer and automatic handling
successfully installed a number of Group and that having an own setup for Ecologic in North India. The
Hess-based plants in a short period in India is a following the Group is also doing two major
of time since commencement of its philosophy of the company. Hess flyash based AAC projects for
business in India. Hess products has always invested in strategic UltraTech and has recently
and services are serving the markets in order to realize the cost commissioned pipe machine in
Nasik. At present, we are
doing the installation of
wet press system for a
client in Kerala. Two
further orders have been
placed for RH-2000
fly-ash brick production
plants that are due for
installation before the
middle of the year. The
Group is expecting a few
more projects in the next
quarter and at least half
a dozen projects are in
the pipe line at final
discussion stage.
We are at it to
promote Resource
Efficient Construction
products using
mechanized operations,
but creating awareness
about has been a major
challenge. These
products have a number
of advantages over
conventional building products in
construction producer market from advantage of local production,
terms of faster construction, eco-
concrete blocks, interlocking pavers, hereby saving transport costs and
friendly, material and energy
tiles, curbstones, retaining walls, import duties. The first locally made
conservation, benefits which
fly-ash bricks, autoclaved aerated machinery was shown at the
ultimately benefit the users in terms
concrete (AAC) up to steel slag bcIndia exhibition in Mumbai. A
of living quality and expense. Hess
utilization. All important Hess global further important reason for Hess
extensive production programme
production lines are available to the to be present in India is to be
and application of future technology
Indiamarket, he added. close to its customers. For this
concepts are today globally well-
Further he said that Group reason Hess is also planning to
known and the foundation for further
market share is set to grow and he set up service locations around the
expansion in India and the
is satisfied with this positive country. Hereby Hess is able to
introduction of such technology to
response, Hess is in the process provide its customers with fast and
the country have been laid, he
of setting up its manufacturing competent after-sales service.

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Godrej & Boyce

Godrej and Boyce Manufacturing optimum performance utility to both basic machine would remain the
Company Ltd participated in bC construction and industrial same.” Technical support for the
India along with its principals Merlo applications by providing value to machines would be offered through
SPA and Imer International SPA of the machines through attachments.” Godrej’s own technicians trained in
Italy . The company displayed its 5 The officials further informed, “under Italy .
tonne diesel and new design 10 the collaboration tie up, we would On Imer Sci ss or Lifts, Mr.
tonne diesel fork lift trucks. sell rough terrain telhandlers from Martin Connolly, International
Mentioning about Merlo ’s range 3 to 12 tons. However, we have Distributor Development Manager,
of telehandlers, Mr. Neville.H. also developed a 16 ton machine Imer International and Mr. Wankadia
Wankadia, DGM-Marketing, Godrej for selling it in India. The machines said, “Godrej, will market Imer’s sci
ss or lifts and articulated boom
lifts, branded as Iteco from 6.50 to
19 meter working heights in India.”
On the technical attributes of the
products, the officials mentioned,
“the competitive product positioning
of the Iteco sci ss or lifts comes
from the productivity and higher
capacities it offers. The machines
are certified to handle full load
capacity even at deck extension and
can be driven at full height, an
attribute, no other manufacturer can
According to Mr. Wankadia,
“while initially we plan to market
the product, however, in the later
stage, we would plan to go for a
technical collaboration with Iteco for
a ss embling the machine in India
Material Handling and Mr. Davide to be offered would be price . Sales and service support for Imer
Milano said, “ Merlo ’s rough terrain competitive as compared to sci ss or lifts and Merlo ’s rough
telehandlers are multipurpose contemporary product line available.” terrain telehandlers would be
machines. It can e ss entially They also informed, “based on the provided through the well
perform the applications of cranes, requirement of the customers in established Godrej support network
acce ss platforms, pallet handling India, certain degree of of 150 sales and service personnel
on rough terrain, among other customization would be undertaken at 16 branches of the company and
functions. However, we are looking in the telehandlers. However, the 50 service dealers, he added.”
to make the machines deliver

Fushun Cranes
“Fushun Cranes & Equipments have sold more than 120 units of solutions when thousands of
India Pvt Ltd.”, which is FUWA India them in the last 12 months. labours have to be housed at a
displayed their FUWA QUY 35 - The Modular House was also virgin site to start work on a new
35MT crane. displayed. It is a “Quick & project site. The entire housing can
The Company also displayed Economical Solution” for housing be erected in 15 days timing.
2.5Mt /3.5 Mt Single & Double Mast labours, site offices, temperature FCEIPL – FUWA India
Work Platforms. This is the control warehouses, medical registered a sale exceeding 110
replacement of the Scaffolding. They facilities etc. This is the most ideal cranes from June 2009 & addition

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The FUWA India which is

operating under the name of
Fushun Cranes & Equipments India
Pvt. Ltd. has been promoted by
Mr. Sanjay Vasudeo & Mr. Nitin
Madankar & Mr. Li Yunbo. There are
more than 400 FUWA Cranes
working in India & are supported by
26 service engineers & spare parts
worth more than 0.25 Mill USD at
their ware house at Navi Mumbai.
FUWA India has recorded the
highest sales in 2010 with an order
booking of 148 plus cranes. This
sale was basically a result of Quality
Product, After sales service, meeting
& exceeding customer needs and
Delivery of machines meeting
customer requirement.
The company would like to
continue to hold their No.1
position by rendering the most
20 units order from Port & Erection 100T crane & 2 No. of 250T Crane. economical solution for the
Contractors. During the bauma, an This was again a record sale. construction Industry through quality
order for 18 Cranes were It was also registered that the products & quality services.
concluded, out of which 13 Nos. company was getting a genuine
were 35T cranes, 2 Nos. 80T buyer almost every 10 min for Work
Crane, 2 Nos. 150T Crane, 1 No. Platforms & Modular House.

Cosmos Const. Machineries & Equipt.

Interacting at bC India, the company we have also launched material equipment can undertake 40 loads
Director, Mr. Mehul Shah said, “we handling equipment for applications per hour resulting in labor savings.
have recently launched certain new of concrete carrying, bricks carrying Besides this, our new product-
products which includes Cosmos and tiles, sanitary material, sand line also includes on wheel 25 cum
ride on road rollers. Other than this, carrying etc. The material handling /hr twin shaft batching plant which
can be used for the direct pump
loading and for the transit mixer
loading. Cosmos has a distribution
tie up with Kumkang from South
Korea to market its Formwork
System in India.
The range of construction
equipment manufactured by
Cosmos includes; inline batching
plant, fully automatic revers drum
batching plant, twin shaft in line
batching plant, boom scrapper
batching plant, tower crane,
suspended rope platform, transport
platforms, tough rider articulated
type, and so forth. The company is
in a process of developing newer
products, added Mr. Shah.

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Macons Equipments
Concrete making equipment and Marketing, Macons said, “the of skid mounted variant the
manufacturing major Macons semi mobile concrete batching plant customer does not need any
Equipments displayed its Semi launched by it is available in three foundation and can be placed on
Mobile Concrete batching plant at models: 20 cum, 25 cum and 30 the ground and started. The plant
bC India. cum capacities. As compared to tyre is completely pre-wired and pre-
Mentioning about the product, mounted concrete batching plant, piped and fully assembled from our
Mr.B.R.Gururaj, Vice President Sales the new product launched by us is manufacturing plant. This enables
very less site activities and the
customer needs to plug and start
the plant. The machines comes
with added features comprising pan
type mixer for continuous mixing ,
inbuilt water and additive tank and
above all the plant is fully automatic
with electronic weighing of
aggregates sand, water and
cement. The advanced features
provides more accuracy to concrete
mixing and enhanced cycle time.”
He mentioned, Macons has all India
presence for Sales and Service
points for customer support.

Anupam Industries Limited

Anupam Industries also exhibited Anupam Industries Ltd said, “we an alliance with Alfa of Italy to
at the show. Mentioning about the are the largest supplier of EOT assemble and market their cranes
product line offered by the company, cranes, gantry and goliath cranes in India.”
Mr. S.K. Malve, Director Technical, in India. Recently, we have formed Further he added, “there are
many advanced features
our cranes can boast of.
This consists primarily of
the advanced controls
and safety features.
Through constant
research and
development we have
incorporated advanced
features in our cranes.”
On customer support,
Mr. Malve said, “we have
a pan India sales and
service network for
providing technical
support to our equipment.
However, we also provide
customized training to

226 NBM&CW MARCH 2011


Equipment & Machinery Telcon 67 HEICO 207

ACE 201 Terex Vectra 2nd Front Cover Industrial & Scientific 245
Ajax 185 Universal 19,68-69,87,111,153,177,231 Sokkia 237
Akona Engg. 213 Unisteel 193 Chemicals & Waterproofing
Allen Buildwell 109 Venus Equipment 211 Ashapura Volclay 88-89
Allen Pavers 187 Walia International 253 Asian Laboratories 243
Ammann 61 Wirtgen India 51 Bomanite 151
Apollo Industries 57 Zoomlion Heavy Ind. 27 CICO 141
Apollo Infra 91, 173 Gubbi Enterprise MT* Ironite 265
Atlas Copco 77 Jeetmull Jaichandlall P. Ltd MT* Kunal Chemicals 149
Ashok 250 Namdhari Engineers MT* MYK - Laticrete 113
BHS Sonthofen 103 Ramaas Enterprises MT* MYK - Schomburg 115
Capious Road Tech 131 Topall MT* STP Limited 143
Changlin 10,11 Saini Concrete Sys. MT* S.W.C. 147
Chetra Machinery 31 Cranes & Material Handling Bunty Builders MT*
Columbia Pakona 107 ABG Cranes 35 P.R.Enterprises MT*
Cosmos 181 ACE 203,205 Vardhman Chemicals MT*
Dominant 225 Anupam Ind. 169 Building Materials
Dozco 157 Comansa 15 Dextra 145
D&G Machinery 53 ECEL 117 Right Vision 241
Esquire-Cmac 191 Electromech 81 Reliance Industries 101
ECEL 117 Esquire - CMAC 215 Sekisui 43
Electro Magnetics 171 J.K. Work 183 Sintex 49,95
Greaves 127 Manitou - BF 17
Pipes & Fittings
Hess 21 Manitowoc Gatefold
Jamshedji 223 Saren Heavy Lift 266 Kitec 41
Jaypee 195 Sany 25 The Supreme Industries 39
Jayem 135 Voltas Cranes 167 Safety Equipments
J.B. Engg. 197 Zoomlion Heavy Ind. 27 Udyogi Plastic 175
JCB India OBC Crushing & Screening Cement
Kaushik Engg. 161
Nawa Engg. 71 Grasim Industries Ltd. 09
Lasco 219
Powersceen 93 Pumps & Gears
Liugong 33
Puzzolana IFC Premium Energy 65
Lonking 12,13
Sandvik 97 KSB Pumps 75
NMF Equipment 137
Terex MPS 73
Macons 227 Oil & Gears
Voltas 133,189
Marini Fayat 55 Valvoline Cummins IBC
Spare Parts
Masa 29 Iron, Steel, Glass & Aluminium
M.K. Vibrators 250 Metco 83
H & K Rolling Mill Engineers 23
Neptune 37 Suyash Tools 209
Jindal Aluminium 261
Powercurber 165 Formwork & Scaffolding
Sintex 255
Prime Technologies 47 Cosmos Sales Corp. 217
Qunfeng - China 14 Fastening Systems
Maruti Steel Fab 221
Revathi Equipment 163 British Scaffolding MT* Asons 257
Sany 25 Continental Scaffab MT* Sohan Lal Gupta 259
Schwing Stetter 125 Scaff India MT* Real Estate
Shandong Front Gatefold J.B. Formwork Systems MT* Landbank 45
Shri Engineering 129
Surveying & Testing Computer Software
Soilmec 105
Accro Tech 199 Tekla 123
SKG Equipment 263
Continental Scientific Syndicate 247
Speedcraft 228
E-Surveying 63
SRS Finlay 85

Post Event Report

Jaso Tower Cranes

Jaso Tower Cranes displayed its City Tower crane
J5010 at bC event which has a maximum lifting
capacity of 2.5 tons at 40 metres jib length and a
minimum lifting capacity of 1 ton at 50 metres jib
length. The crane comes at a free standing height
of 45 metres and anchorage above 45 metres.
According to Mr. Kapil R. Ghai, CMD, Ispat
Infrastructure (India) Limited, “Jaso’s City tower
crane would be appropriate for construction of
affordable residential projects in India.” Ispat
Infrastructure (India) Limited entered into a
distribution tie up with Jaso Tower Cranes in
2009 for marketing its tower cranes in India.
Under this marketing collaboration, Ispat would
market Jaso’s topline tower crane having a
capacity range from 6 to 24 tons having a jib
length from 55 to 80 metres. City Cranes from 2
to 5 tons having a jib length of 35-52 metres and
luffing cranes from 5 to 18tons with jib lengths
ranging from 40 to 60 metres.

Maxmech Equipments Pvt. Ltd.

Gujarat based Maxmech be used to make different types of small box gutters etc. Self-propelled,
equipments displayed its new curb for highways, footpaths upto the machine is driven by a compact
slipform curbing machine which can 1220mm width and 150mm thick, water cooled diesel engine having
a rubber padded crawler
track of 910 c/c & 240 mm
width at front with a
hydraulic motor and gear
box. The complete
machine is mounted on
three hydraulic jacks one
at front and two at rear.
The company also
exhibited its new concrete
lining paver that can be
used for pavement of
canal, airport apron and
runway, roads, flooring,
reservoir, bridges etc. This
paver consists of two
hydraulic power pack
units, the first one is at
fixed console from where
the operator can handle
the machine and the
second one is travelling

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Powerscreen, one of the leading configuration enables customers to and a high output even at tight
providers of mobile crushing, take advantage of the site-proven settings, the Metrotrak is ideally
screening and washing equipment, benefits of the Automax® cone suited for small to medium sized
exhibited their Powerscreen® crusher incorporated into a closed operators in the mining, quarrying
1000SR and Powerscreen ® circuit screening plant, thereby and recycling industries. The
Metrotrak. Both the machines were eliminating the need for separate Metrotrak has an ouput of up to
manufactured at the Terex facility in screening. This versatile, mobile 175 tph and features a vibrating
Hosur, reinforcing the Powerscreen plant is ideally suited for secondary grizzly feeder that has a heavy-duty
commitment to the development of and tertiary applications in mechanical vibrating unit with twin
the local economy and quarrying, where high quality, low cast eccentric shafts. Finger bars
infrastructure. flake, single size aggregate and and underscreen allow grizzly fines
to be directed on to the main
product or optional side conveyor
by fitting a blanking mat or wire
meshes with a choice of apertures.
Variable speed control allows
smooth and continuous materials
feed. The integral product conveyor
is 800mm wide and the discharge
height is 2.9 metres. The heavy-
duty crawler track undercarriage,
fully skirted conveyor and remote
control ensure that the plant can be
set up very quickly and easily
moved on site. Dust suppression
sprays are fitted as standard and
among the options available are:
Side/dirt conveyor; radio remote
control; and magnetic overband
separator. Both machines were sold
to Powerscreen distributor Voltas.
Powerscreen stand at the show
was supported by the Powerscreen
The 1000SR mobile plant sub-base materials are required. sales team and Powerscreen
combines the high performance of The Metrotrak is a compact, distributors: Advanced Construction
the popular tracked 1000 Maxtrak high performance track mobile jaw Technologies; Alpha Technical
with a double deck sizing screen crushing plant featuring the “M” Services Pvt. Ltd; Vijay Traders;
and a re-circulating system, all on series single toggle jaw crusher. Voltas (Limited); Genavco: and
one single tracked chassis. This With an aggressive crushing action Genserv.

Manforce Trucks Pvt. Ltd.

Manforce Trucks India exhibited new the equipment is 280hp @2400 Man H9 & HD 9, 13120 planetary
mobile Schwing Stetter Concrete rpm with maximum torque of with hub reduction, differential lock
batching plant mounted on its truck 1100nm @1300-1700r/m. The front and interaxle lock with stabilizer on
MAN CLA 25.280 (6X4). The truck axle of the machine consists of twin axles. Axle ratio of the vehicle
carrying the batching plant has a heavy duty cranked forged I-beam is 7.63:1. In addition, the company
diesel engine of Man D -0836, 6.9 type with unitized hub bearings also displayed its range of tippers.
litres, 6-cyl. The maximum output of whereas the rear axle consists of

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 233

Post Event Report

Mait India Foundation Equipments

Mait India displayed its Drilling Rig weight of 75 Ton. It is suitable for future development plans of the
Model HR260 at the show. The rig drilling big Diameter bores in harder company, Mr. D.V. Brahme, Regional
has max. torque of 260kNm & strata / rock. Briefing about the Manager, Mait India said that the
company is in the process of
developing special tooling and rock
cutting tools for the market.
Modifications are being made in
the existing product line comprising
bored piles, continuous flight
augurs, diaphragm walls, and
Driven / Driven cast in situ piles.
On service support, Mr. Brahme
said, “we would continue to focus
in reducing response time for our
machines working in the field. The
company will post its service
engineers to those locations where
many numbers of machines are
working. The stock of spare parts
is being increased continuously.
Mait India has set up its new
office for sales, service, spare parts
and training centre at MIDC in
Mumbai on Thane Belapur road, he

Asia Motor Works Unipave Engg.


The Gujarat based manufacturer, Unipave displayed

its pavers. At the sidelines of the show, its Director Mr.
Asia Motor Works (AMW) displayed its tipper trucks of
Sanjay Surelia, said, “our pavers are now approved
rock body, box body and trailer variants. In addition to
and tested by ARAI and the company would set up a
this, the company also displayed its standard truck
new plant at Vatva to expand its production capacity.”
models at the show.

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Columbia-Pakona Engineering Pvt. Ltd.

“Columbia-Pakona Engineering Pvt. concluded bC India. Pakona products, a senior marketing officer,
Ltd. manufactures fully automatic Engineers (I) Pvt. Ltd. manufactures Mr. Soji said, “Our concrete block
Concrete Products Plant, and deals vertically cast reinforced Concrete machines are structurally strong and
with Vortex Hydra Concrete Roof Pipe Plants under licence from Mario more productive as compared to
Tiles Plant in India and displayed Croci E Figli Srl, Italy. Elaborating contemporary machines.” Our block
their product range at the recently on the technical attributes of the machine can cycle at the speed of
6 cycles per minute, a rare feature
which is not available in other
machines. Additionally, our machine
vibrates the mould vertically which
results in stronger product and less
cement consumption. On customer
training program, he informed that
training is imparted to the customer
by our training staff at our plant
and also at customer site. Apart
from this, ensuring prompt supply
of components and parts the
company supplies these products
by utilizing the quick services of air
cargo to deliver parts and
accessories from our warehouses
in Mumbai and Baroda to our
customers at different locations
across the country.”

Ammann Schweiz AG
Ammann Schweiz AG of Switzerland The plants can be installed in a solutions to the market for asphalt
participated in bc India 2011. centralized location catering to the roads i.e. Asphalt plants, paving,
Mentioning about the product line requirements of numerous users. compaction and rolling equipments
being contemplated for the Indian This will enable the road which are all strength of Ammann
market, Mr. Rolf J.Jenny, Senior Vice construction companies to focus on group. The Entity being formed in
President Corporate Development their core job of executing the India would cater to Sales, Service
said, “we are positioned globally projects where they can cut down and Training to Ammann
as number one in asphalt batching costs of putting and operating a customers. India base would be
plants in terms of volumes. With batching plant.” assisted by Ammann middle-east
our high capacity asphalt batching Mr. Jenny mentioned that they and Ammann China set ups which
plants, we are looking forward to are also planning to develop the have already very good numbers of
target big road construction and bitumen recycling market in India Ammann plants and equipments.
rehabilitation projects in India which with the technological competence Mr. Narinder Jit Singh an Associate
require high volumes of asphalt. of our machines, although the of Ammann in India mentioned that
concept of bitumen recycling is very high priority would be given to
much nascent in India. after sales service and providing
The Ammann composite requisite comprehensive training to
product line would be marketed Ammann customers so that the
through a Ammann group customers can get full advantage
company formed in India. He and high productivity from Ammann
mentioned that in a broader plant and equipments. Such a
perspective, we are planning to service would also be provided at
provide total equipment customer plant location as well.

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 235

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Terex Corporation
Initiating the discussion, Mr. Steve construction equipment industrial products and services ensure fully.
Filipov, President - Developing stream keeping in view customer’s Adding in the discussion, Mr.
Markets and Strategic Accounts of prime interest to maximize their rate Jehangir Ardeshir, President & MD
Terex Corporation, said that of return on product assets of Terex India categorized these
overseas construction equipment acquired from the corporation. The buyers into two types where the
players are indeed euphoric about corporation looks forward to first one is not very price sensitive
the promising potential of their increasing its manufacturing, R&D, whereas the second one is very
products and services in India. The marketing and supply chain sensitive to the price factor. Slowly
country has various advantages - presence. There are plans on cards and steadily, they are also joining
cost effective in terms of manufa- to double the existing capacities of the mainstream buyers recognizing
cturing as it offers to be the most our facilities in India and utilizing the fallacy that acquiring technically
convenient place to export products the same effectively for our all advanced quality products does
and services to South Asian, Middle business areas. Expanding these mean a bit more of initial investment
Eastern & African markets and a activities would involve significant but their return on investment (RoI)
talent pool that is highly competitive. investment and we are well- is better over time. In the process
In reality, Terex Corporation is more equipped to do so and play a more of acquiring equipment, it must be
euphoric than the rest. We currently proactive role in supplying realized that it is not only equipment
which is being bought but also
related services – it is all about a
complete solution, he added.
Both Steve and Jehangir
emphasized that India still needs
high tech products and services to
implement various infrastructure
projects at hand and future projects
in its task of infrastructure
development. Terex is appropriately
placed to chip in the process by
working even more closely across
the country through seamless
integration of its global technical
and business practices with local
ones. Terex Corporation is a
diversified global manufacturer
operating in four business
segments - Aerial Work Platforms,
Construction, Cranes, and Materials
have a strong presence in India in sophisticated and modern products Processing. Terex manufactures a
certain product lines and would like to help build globally efficient and broad range of equipment for use
to further strengthen it in the coming competitive equipment market in in various industries, including the
future, he said. India. About the nature and quality construction, infrastructure,
Talking about the Terex of the Indian markets, he said quarrying, mining, shipping,
expansion plans, he said that they gradually it is becoming more transportation, refining, energy and
have put in place a number of matured with new buyers who do utility industries. Terex offers a
expansion routes focusing on not seem to be very much price complete line of financial products
introduction of new products and sensitive as was the case two-three and services to assist in the
services that reflect their cutting years back. They value the acquisition of Terex equipment
edge technology attributes and their additional components, superior through Terex Financial Services.
firm dedication to the market and the technical attributes and Greater localization would be the
customers. Terex has plans to comprehensive technical prime focus of Terex operations in
deliver its global support to Indian assistance and services which our India.

236 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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Schwing Stetter India Pvt. Ltd.

Schwing Stetter India Pvt. Ltd. Director, SSIPL said that the new said, “the newly launched high
(SSIPL) displayed its new truck product is good for the construction capacity concrete pumps are
mounted mobile batching plant sites with tight job schedules. The capable of pumping concrete to
mounted on Man chassis and most notable characteristic of this 200–500 mtrs. in highrise
comes with a capacity of 18 cum/ product is that it comes with a construction projects and much
hr. The machine has a concrete mobility element added with a suitable for dam projects. The
discharge height of 3.75 metres capacity to batch high concrete pumps have proven their worth in
while aggregate storage filling volumes. The equipment can be construction of the Petronas towers
volume is 12 cum. The active best used in road projects having in Malaysia and other highrise
reserves aggregates of the plant short duration, canal projects (where constructions globally. With the
are 12cum and the water tank creating heavy foundation is a introduction of these high capacity
pumps, we are now in
such a position where
we can provide solutions
to any highrise
construction in India.”
SP8800 has a maximum
theoretical output of 94/
63 cum/hr whereas SP
2800 comes with a
maximum theoretical
output of 101/58 cum/hr.
While speaking of
sound proof canopies
being provided by SSIPL
Mr. Sundaresan said that
the canopies will help in
reducing noise of
concrete pumps when
they are used in urban
areas, precisely in areas
where sound levels
needs to be kept less
than 70 decibels. To
provide enhanced
support and customized
concrete solutions to our
customers he said that
capacity is 1000ltrs, whereas the critical issue), and ready mix we would keep interacting with our
weighing capacity: aggregate 375kg, concrete industry. The machine has customers to understand their
binder 200kg, and water 100kg. The less cost of operation as it is driven requirements better to provide them
pump comes with a water pump by a power take off engine. tailor made solutions. There are
capacity of 28cum/hr. The added SSIPL also launched its new good examples where we have
feature of this equipment is PLC SP2880 and SP8800 trailer mounted provided tailor made concrete
based control systems with stationery concrete pumps for the solutions to Bandra Worli Sea Link,
maximum number of 5 recipes. Indian construction sector. Parbati Hydel Power Projects, and
Stating about new mobile plant Highlighting the application areas so on.”
Mr. Anand Sundaresan, Managing of the products, Mr. Sundaresan

238 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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Rotary Construction Machinery India

Rotary Construction Machinery India Rexroth hydraulics. The most products. The machines are fitted
participated at bC India 2011 along competitive feature of the impact with Volvo Penta engines with a
with its principals-Allpacks of pile hammer is that it comes with warranty from Volvo itself and the
Holland, Geax SRL of Italy, and HZ impact energy analyser which company has sold two units in
Vislord Machinery of China. enables visual check for actual India so far.
Mentioning about the Allpacks stroke height and calculation of blow Geax Compact drilling
hydraulic pile hammers and rates.” equipment which is capable of
vibratory hammers, Mr. Eric The Chairman of HZ Vislord, carrying out small foundation works,
Buitendijk, MD, Allpacks said, “our Mr. Li Panfeng said, “the most was launched at the event. The
equipments are almost 15 -20% advantageous element of our operating cost of the machine is
cheaper as compared to machine is our competitive price less and can be easily transported
contemporary products and are which is cheaper at least by 20% from one place to another. Geax
fitted with Caterpillar Engines and as compared to other contemporary entered into a distribution tie up
with Rotary Construction Machinery
India said the senior company
Citing about the technical
support to customers for the
products of the principals, Mr.
Tejdeep Singh, Director, Rotary
Construction Machinery said, “we
would offer requisite technical
support through operators training
which would be provided in house
at our premises in Mumbai. In
addition to this training, we would
also provide training support
through our engineers. We are at a
very good position to provide timely
components availability in terms of
after sales support and also provide
maintenance of the machines at
our own workshop.”

Speedcrafts, introduced its
Asphalt mixing plants used for
road construction at bC India,
manufactured in joint
collaboration with ADM of USA.
The Company manufactures
Asphalt plant, concrete plant,
paver finisher, pothole
repairing machine, road roller,
road sweeper and chip
spreader for the industries.

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 239

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Nawa Engineers
Nawa Engineers displayed its
‘Duracone’ hydraulic cone crusher,
Tripleks’ series horizontal screens,
and machinery for crushed sand
production at the show. The
company exhibited its most popular
Crushers with capacity range of 50-
500 TPH for various applications of
crushed sand production.

Universal exhibited India’s largest
reversible mixer (300 ltr) in addition
to its other products that include
mobile concrete batching plant,
aggregate feeding system, concrete
conveyor, admixture dozing system,
mini dumpers, sand washing and
screening machines, bar bending,
bar cutting and bar straightening
machines, machines for vertical
movement of men and machinery

Lonking, the manufacturer of construction equipment participated at bC India to promote its brand building in the
country and other overseas market. Lonking Machinery India Pvt Ltd is developing strong dealership network,
including customers’ service hotline, spare parts management centre, and focusing on marketing and training.

Jamshedji, a leading manufacturer
of construction machinery exhibited
its wide range of products including
concrete pump, concrete mixer,
concrete cutter, concrete vacuum
dewatering systems, vacuum pump,
ride on trowel, earth rammer, power
trowel, and surface (screed) vibrator
at the show.

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Kaushik Engineering Works

Kaushik Engineering Works (KEW) at the show
displayed its Road Sweeper/Broomer for cleaning
roads, places, factory yards etc. The company offers a
wide range of road construction equipment including
Mobile Drum Mix Plant, Wet Mix Macadam Plant,
Bitumen Pressure Distributor, Concrete Batching Plant
and other allied equipment.

Arrow Machinery
As far as bC India is concerned we exceeded our
expectations allowing us to catch up with many of our
existing customers and introduce our products to a
large number of new prospects, said Mr. Tim Andrews,
Managing Director, Arrow Machinery.
In addition to the local Indian market we fielded
enquiries from 10 other countries including Middle
East, West Africa, Portugal and USA. A large crowd
appeared when we featured a movie of our latest
upgraded ARROW 750XL SLIPFORMER. We highly
recommend bC India to anyone doing business in the

Unisteel MARSMAN
Unisteel disseminated MARSMAN India Ltd, a renowned manufacturer
information about its RCP and exporter of Jaw Crushers, Impact
750 paver, PVR 1001 paver Crushers, Vibrating Screens, Feeders,
and Cement Mortar Lining Hoppers, Conveyors system and its allied
Machine at the show. The equipments of various type and sizes made
company is the manufacturer its notable present at bC India.
of concrete pavement
machineries used in the
development and finishing of
canals, airport runway
concrete surfacing, concrete
for Reservoir, pre-cast
concrete slabs for building
and surfacing roads and
highways etc.

242 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Project Briefs

Infra Developments
Infra Agenda departments need to pull up their the example of Lavasa project
socks and a further exercise would which is facing problems due to
The need for quick delivery of
be undertaken after the budget environmental issues and has
results has been an ongoing
session. These changes aimed at caused a concern in the minds of
exercise for the Government to
accelerating the pace of work and financers. Finances are tight as
infuse new initiatives to get better
improve performance leave banks are unwilling to lend money
performance from infrastructure
everyone guessing whether they will to projects which do not have a
sectors. But every new change
achieve what is desired particularly clearance in place. Then there is
affected makes the situation
bringing back the sectors on the also the impact of rise in steel and
unchanged. To this effect, there have
road to recovery as promised by other building materials prices.
already been reviews of performance
their predecessors. One can only There is also an acute shortage of
of infrastructure industries and
hope that in the new dispensation, construction workers with most
departments connected with them
the infrastructure sectors workers opting for government
but these have been of no avail
growth would be taken to new promoted employment guarantee
and initiatives have proved to be an
heights and moves ahead on a schemes. Due to this, wages have
exercise in futility. There is an
visible infrastructure agenda swiftly also gone up and the net result is
undercurrent of expression of
under new management structure that raw materials and labor
disenchantment over uninspiring
and nonperforming system is under constraints are slowing down the
performance of infrastructure
regular scrutiny beyond weak pace of works in the construction
departments. The recent Ministerial
tinkering. sector.
shake up in key economic and
infrastructure ministries in natural Raw Materials, Gold Bonds for Infra
gas, civil aviation, roads and
highways, heavy industries, urban Finance and Labor Sector
development has been another soft Banks have mooted a proposal and
handling attempt. The move to re-
have sought Government approval
A number of ongoing projects are
jig various ministerial portfolios to raise funds via infra and gold
facing a fund crunch to go ahead
came at a time when the country is bonds with long-term tenure. Banks
with the work. Project developers
facing twin challenge of containing have stated that they are dominant
are finding it difficult to raise money
inflation and improving industrial lenders in the infrastructure sector,
to procure raw materials. Added to
performance. At the best, it only so they should be allowed to raise
it is the deferment of projects from
delivers a diffused message that funds through such tax free bonds.
the governmental agencies,
Currently, only infrastructure
reluctance of investors to put money,
financing companies like IDFC, L&T,
shortage of trained workforce.
REC, PFC, Srei Infrastructure
Companies like L&T, HCC and
Finance as well as IFCI and LIC can
IVRCL are particularly affected due
issue such bonds. The bankers
to these concerns and are of the
have therefore sought level playing
view that core sector could witness
field for them in this area. They
a slowdown spell and have
have also sought TDS exemption
postponed their projects in hand.
on other sources of income
Orders worth more than `50,000
including brokerage income.
crore have been pushed back by
various governmental as well as
private agencies due to some of
these factors, says L&T President
Construction, Rangaswami. Echoing
the same HCC, Chairman Ajit
Gulabchand said, investors are not
pumping in money and orders are
slowing down. He in particular cited

244 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Project Briefs

World Bank far long-term investors are

concerned. Despite report about
Assistance delays, projects appear to be
During 2010, the World Bank has reaching execution stage in large
provided funds assistance to over numbers than anywhere else and
500 projects amounting to $85 India enjoys lion’s share of global
billion. Of this, IBRD loans amount project finance, says the report.
to $45 billion while IDA credits stood
at $40 billion. In the recent meeting N-E Nets `1000cr
with WB group president, India has Infra Booster
negotiated with the Bank for markets around the globe and
With private investors across varied
increasing the SBL. Last year, the specifically India. Moreover, the
areas including infrastructure,
Bank earmarked $3 billion to younger age profile in this country
hospitality, agro-based industries
support various infrastructure gives the world body more
and education showing increased
programmes in mitigating adverse confidence that Indian economy is
interest, the North-Eastern region
impact of the global economic not just vibrant and going to grow
of the country is all set to get `1,000
crisis. For this year, WB has hiked but probably end up growing as
crore investment. After the recently
India cap by $2 billion. fast as, if not faster than China and
concluded sixth summit on
investment in the region, the the fact makes India an ideal
Global Project Finance choice for the world body to invest
government is very hopeful
Global project finance volumes as its pension funds, he insisted.
amassing investment worth `1,060
per report by Dealogic rose 22% to
crore, Union Minister of
record $354.4 billion. In this, India
Development for Northeast Region
Coimbatore Corners
accounted for $81.4 billion or more
than a fifth of the total and higher
(Doner), B K Handique said. `3,000cr Infra Facelift
Buoyed by the huge business
than any other country, through 163 UN Infusing `1,89L-cr potential in the city, the state
projects. The report of Dealogic
Global Finance Review for 2010 in Construction government is all set to infuse
said India was the most active `3,000 crore in various infrastructure
market as deal volumes increased
Sector facilities in the next couple of years
The United Nations and its sister as top ranking industrial houses
73% to $53.6 billion from completed
bodies are all set to fire `1.89L-cr including construction and
loans. SBI topped the chart of
($42 bn) booster into the Indian engineering giants like Larsen and
mandated arranger ranking with
construction sector covering real Toubro and Suzlon have started
$25.3 billion from 69 deals. The
estate and infrastructure projects setting up their manufacturing units
strong project finance activity in
across the country. In this across the city.
India comes amid rising concerns
connection, top brass of the expert According to sources, the Airport
over headwinds to India’ growth
group of United Nations Joint Staff Authority of India (AAI) has decided
story. The strong project finance
number should dispel doubts about
Pension Fund (UNJSPF), an expert to invest `400 crore in setting up
group advising UN on where to its biggest non metro airport in the
the investment activity and India’s
invest the pension funds, had area. Apart from the two bypasses
case appears as bright as ever as
recently held parleys with the Indian which would provide a virtual
asset managing companies circular road facility, work on the
including Asahi Glass, Hero Honda four laning of NH-47 from
group and Avantha group to push Chengapalli to Walayar on the TN-
its corpus of pension funds in this Kerala border has already been
country. started at an investment of `850
According to the UN Secretary crore.
General’s representative, Warren In addition, the National
Sachs, the world body is keen and Highway Authority of India is also
is aggressively scouting for building Eastern bye pass outside
diversification opportunities for its the city from Sulur to Mettupalayam
investments in the emerging involving an investment of `660

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 245

NEWS Project Briefs

Road & Highway Projects

Private Bank Keen rider that the road builder’s job will
not just end with the completion of
on Funding Road the project but they will also have
to maintain the road stretch for the
Projects next 10 years, said the state PWD
Finding that road projects in the Minister.
country are giving good return on
investment, private banks are very New Technology for
keen to fund road projects. Three–
four years back, there were only
Stronger Roads
nationalized banks which were Under flak from various quarters
giving such loans as private banks about deplorable roads in the
national highway projects than state Capital, MCD is all set to propose
would not touch these long-term
projects, the Bank added. RBI an ambitious `1,000 crore scheme
gestation projects, said a company
extension of loans to infrastructure to build stronger roads across the
engaged in road construction
as secured loans, where bank can capital with 10-12 inches thickness.
projects. As a result of which, today
ensure that infrastructure assets We want to ensure longer life
road companies have a wider
can be used as a security for the for city roads. The plan is to use
choice and the basket of lenders to
loan, has given the banks more ready mix concrete technology and
this sector has increased. Earlier,
headroom to lend to these projects pebble machines to build roads
there were five – ten who used to
benefiting the road construction including rural road covering 1,000
regularly lend for road projects.
companies. According to experts to 1,500 km of roads. As per initial
Over the years, lenders have
road construction companies are estimate the cost might be `1
become more confident about the
becoming more efficient, with many crore a km, which could change
road sector, as it has demonstrated
projects being commissioned after the final estimates, said
quite a few success stories, said
without much delays, thus making chairman of the standing committee
CEO, IL&FS. Construction costs in
banks more confident about their of MCD. He added there will be a
the sector have become more
execution capabilities. 25-year that guarantee for the roads.
stable as compared to three-four
For the time being, MCD will zero in
years back. Now costs are under Punjab Focuses on only two or three companies for
some control. Policy reforms and
more importantly, better project Roads Sector this scheme. To ensure that the
management, better traffic Assigning top priority to the quality quality is well maintained, MCD
estimation, cost, time and contract road building concept, the Punjab plans to start payment to the
management has improved the State Road Sector Project (PSRSP), contractors in installment only after
perception about the road sector, which has recently launched one of five years. Six km of long life roads
said Bank of India. This has the largest road projects with a being built using a different
advanced the break-even for many length of 900km and involving an technology, was recently unveiled. A
road projects. It is more so for investment of `1,500 crore, with a Ready mix plant has been installed.
Anything, everything whatever you are looking for—Products, Services, News,
Projects, Tenders, Technology, Technical Articles, Discussion forum,
Even you can post your requirements.
What else you need, Register yourself today.

246 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

NEWS Project Briefs

Port Projects
Govt Clears `2,500cr carry out the project and a chalked out ambitious plans to set
memorandum of understanding in up debt fund with a size of
Port Project this connection would be signed `50,000cr to meet the day-to-day
The Vizhinjam International Port and very shortly, State Minister for Ports, financing requirements of the port
Deep Water Container Terminal V Pillai, said. He said that the sector. In addition, the proposed
project in the downstream Kerala, clearance came after the State fund will also make finance
which involved an investment of Secretary, Ports and Managing available to other infrastructure
`2,500 crore, has secured green Director of special purpose vehicle sectors including road and
signal from the Union Environment Vizhinjam International Seaports highways, power and telecom
and Forests Ministries. Limited, Sanjeev Kaushik presented projects.
A consortium of banks and the case before the committee set According to sources, the
financial institutions led by State up by the Central Government to government is setting up the fund
Bank of Travancore is keen to raise look into these issues and it is to address the non availability of
and arrange the required funds to currently going through the 14 easy bank finance to the sector
requests for qualification bids for which is heading for a massive
taking up more ports projects which capacity addition. The funds lying
have got entangled in the idle with the major port trusts would
environmental issues. be used to float the new institution.
As the port projects have normally
On Anvil: Port Sector long gestation period, banks are
normally averse to finance these
Fund Worth projects as they are also facing an
` 50,000cr asset liability mismatch and the
Sensing umpteen investment proposed fund would be another
opportunities worth `2.87L-cr by player apart from the IIFCL which is
2020 in the Indian port sector, the currently operating with limited
Union Shipping Ministry has success.

Airport Projects
Delhi Cargo Terminal upgradation of the cargo facility at and despite the challenge, it prefers
the airport and the company has the brownfield expansion contract.
The first phase of expansion of the
already spent $35.2 million on “We are serious about the
cargo terminal at Delhi’s
construction and $10.2 million for brownfield contract because we
international airport is set to be
purchase of new equipment. want the customers immediately,”
completed in few months time.
The complete expansion of the said the company.
Turkish group Celebi Holdings is
cargo terminal which covers an area Celebi is now also looking
the company in charge of the
of 70,000 sq.m, will be completed forward to bid for the cargo terminal
after a year. Commenting on the at Navi Mumbai. The company is
expansion of cargo facilities in already bidding for the cargo
India, Canan Celebioglu Tokgoz, terminal tender at Mumbai’s existing
Vice-Chairman of the Turkish international airport. According to Mr.
company said, “It is good that India Jungbir Singh, Board Member,
is looking seriously at its cargo Celebi Holding, and the company’s
infrastructure upgrade." India representative, “If the Navi
The company expects yearly Mumbai project goes on stream, it
revenue of $70 million for its will be very interesting as a lot of
operations at Delhi’s cargo terminal business is likely to move there.”

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 251

NEWS Project Briefs

Railway Projects
Cos Pulling out from examining these issues. These venture could draw a lot of interest
projects are important for the IR as from the private sector companies.
Rly Projects it has no wherewithal of investing
Desperate at the repeated nearly `3,000 crore required to set WCS Projects
postponements of financial bidding, up these facilities in the country. With the inauguration of first green
multinational behemoths could well There has been no addition to railway station at Manwal on the
pull out of the key PPP projects of railways development fund and Jammu-Udhampur route, India gets
Indian Railways. Engineering giants capital fund in the last two years. its first green railway station, a
Bombardier, Seimens and Alstom small step to have World Class
shortlisted for locomotive factory in IR Dedicated Rail- Stations (WCS). As this tiny station
Bihar and a coach plant in West freight Plans faced frequent power cuts, it has
Bengal have indicated so. The been provided with supply of solar
Having sought $9 billion loans from
projects are on the priority list of power. And its all systems are
the World Bank and Japan for the
the railways but financial bidding for working on solar power. To reduce
planned freight railway to link major
the same has been postponed the existing load, some of the
cities by March 2017, IR has
several times, upsetting the plans surplus fittings have been
initiated discussions for possible
of these companies who have removed and energy efficient fittings
venture with Reliance Infrastructure,
similar projects in other countries. have been added. Station building
load has been segregated in two
portions with each portion being
fed by one group of solar power
panels. The complete work has
been done departmentally, without
any outside assistance.
At the other end, the ambitious
programme to go in for WCS with
New Delhi station on active agenda
along with a few others does not
In their communication to Railway Tata Group and L&T to build an seem to be moving ahead and there
Board, they have indicated that the `8,500 crore ($1.9 billion) stretch of is almost shutters down on these
repeated postponement in financial national freight railway. The project projects. New Delhi railway station
bidding could dampen the spirit of may invite private participation in a modernization programme taken up
the bidders which will be 530 km section linking Son Nagar with great fanfare, after spending
detrimental for the projects and Dunkani, both in eastern India. `10 crore in paying consultancy has
competitiveness. They have asked Dedicated Freight‘s network will been shot down by various local
railways to stick to the current comprise two corridors totaling agencies, NMDC, DDA on technical
deadlines. The Railway Board, is about 3,300 km. The planned grounds.

252 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

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Power Projects
Private Hydro Chinese power companies for a set up jointly by Bhel, NTPC and
total of about $45 billion of Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic
New changes in the national tariff
equipment. Research (IGCAR).
policy have been made mandatory
The `10,000 crore plant being
for private players in hydro power in JP Power Pushes developed by IGCAR would be 5
bidding for allocation of hydro
projects. The move is aimed at `45,000cr Investment percent more efficient than the
prevailing supercritical technology.
creating a level playing field between
the private and public sector
Plans The project would pave way for
The Jaiprakash Power Ventures cleaner energy and cut rising
companies. This is expected to keep
Limited, which is a part of the imports of coal for power generation.
checking electricity tariff by
Jaypee Group, has set aside a The venture is aimed to cut on
restraining private players from
staggering sum of `45,000 crore rising cost of imports for energy
offering upfront premium to state
for building multiple power projects needs as by 2030 the country would
governments to bag projects. In
including hydro power, thermal have to import 55% of the fuels.
addition, it will introduce a
power and wind energy plants The country would be importing 90%
transparency in bidding for the
across the country in the next five of the crude oil by 2030. The new
projects. It is also expected to alter
years. It has decided to set up four plants through this technology would
the valuation of a host of private
thermal plants, two each in Uttar improve thermal plant efficiency and
companies, who have bagged a
Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh with cut pollution. The plant is likely to
number of power projects from the
a generating capacity of 6,120 mw be in operation by 2017, said
states offering better financial terms
of power using supercritical IGCAR.
than envisaged under the national
hydro policy. Under the new policy, PAT Scheme
projects are allowed to sell up to
The Union Power Ministry under the
40% of their capacity under
National Mission on Enhanced
merchant route in the market. With
Energy Efficiency, has identified
new policy in force, hydro sector
eight industrial sectors to invest a
which has been lagging behind will
staggering sum of `30,000 crore in
get a boost, say experts.
the next three years. The sectors,
Power Firms Seek among others, included thermal
power plants, iron and steel,
Funds from China According to the Managing aluminium and cement.
As rupee interest rates are soaring Director, Suren Jain, the company The official said claiming that
and local banks are failing to keep has sufficient funds for meeting the as a result of the investment,
up pace with the demand of about financial requirements for the on- companies would be able to save
$45 billion, `2 trillion of equipment going projects but alongside it is up to `30,000 crore annually after
orders, power developers in the also keen to raise about `2,500 the completion of three years under
country are seeking financing from crore after March 2012 for meeting the perform, achieve and trade (PAT)
China. the future expansion plans. The scheme. PAT scheme is an
Lanco, Adani, SMR Energy and company is currently aiming to important mechanism under the
Moser Baer are talking to China‘s generate 13,720mw of power by national mission on enhanced
export banks for loans. 2019 by setting up a mix of hydro energy efficiency, is one of the eight
Reliance Power has already and thermal power plants across missions under the National Action
borrowed $1.2 billion from China the country. Plan on Climate Change. It is
Development Bank. Utilities are mandatory for the notified sector
turning to China as they are buying Coal-fired Ultra industries to be a part of this
boilers and turbines to help meet scheme and may invite a penalty of
India’s 100,000mw capacity addition
Supercritical Project `10 lakh for non compliance.
target in the five years ending March India is to develop coal-fired ultra
2017. These companies have supercritical power projects. A
agreed to have MoUs with the 800mw coal–fired project is being

254 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Steel Construction

Design Flexibity in
Construction with Steel
Rajesh Maheshwari, Head Technical Marketing (Coated Steel) at Tata BlueScope Steel Limited

teel has become a universal a steel frame. “Steel” buildings can Can this material be used for
building product due to its be constructed in virtually any residential/industrial/commercial
strength, versatility, durability architectural style and size with purposes?
and economic value. The use of many pleasing features and Is this material suitable for all i.e.
coated steel for structures, roofing finishes. The result of this is out low, mid and high-rise structures?
& wall cladding is growing rapidly there for everyone to see with How easy is it to use it? Can the
because it offers a variety of benefits numerous examples of Industrial local unskilled labour be used?
like aesthetic appeal and long and commercial applications using Can the small structure be self built
service life. As a result of the coated steel. by user?
metallic coating (zinc / aluminum / Aesthetically how would it appeal?
zinc–aluminum alloy) on the base Building Can one make fancy designs with
steel, today’s metal roof & wall it?
panels resist corrosion and provide
Construction-Design Cost wise how does it compare?
a service life of 20 years or more of flexibility with steel..!!! Are there choices/variants for
trouble-free performance. Using When we talk of design flexibility of different users with different
coated steel for framing is an a building material pertaining to financial capacities?
excellent method to build a building construction, following becomes How much time does it require to
that will last for generations. These important for its adaptation in the build a structure with such a
buildings look like any other and building design. material?
you would have to be told one had

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Steel Construction

Can the design with this material protection. Solutions are there for designers can employ longer spans
allow for easy expansion/relocation/ urban/suburban, individual, mass without requiring as many structural
reuse? market in prefabricated units, or load-bearing walls or partitions.
Can more free space possible customized units with high The result: more attractive design
within same buildup area? architectural design, commercial/ options, including longer floor
What is its compatibility with other residential, Do-it-yourself kits (with spans, higher ceilings and larger
construction materials in same generally pre-punched service open spaces. Roofing and walling
building? holes for electrical and plumbing). sheets come in a range of profile
And very important how easy/difficult Long life and low maintenance are shapes. Downpipes are available
is its maintenance? the driving forces behind most in square, round or rectangular
And when one thinks of steel commercial building exterior profiles, and gutters in a wide range
for building construction, its usages treatments. For these benefits, of of styles, shapes and sizes. This
would be presumed primarily for the many options available, coated allows flexibility in product suitable
the strength steel posses. It is a steel has emerged as the roof or for a number of applications and
little difficult to consider that steel wall material of choice in many designs mean even more flexibility
provides the design flexibility also. applications. in design with great aesthetics.
But then in the modern era, the Designing with metal offers
innovative and very impressive Design Aesthetics perhaps the widest array of choices
buildings with steel have been in Many building owners seeking long- within the construction industry.
existence around the world. It would term roofing solutions are insisting
have been impossible had steel on metal roofs that offer both curb Different Paint
not provided flexibility in its usage. appeal and exceptional
Let us discuss how does steel as
performance. Bold design that
Paint system provides durability and
building material offers functional inspires and creates a lasting
life. Paint system means paint-
as well as aesthetic qualities and impression is made possible with
primer-conversion coatings. The
provides design flexibility. metal. Of it, coated steel is very
paint is the top coat and back coat.
According to International iron flexible because it can be used
Paints types of Polyester (RMP,
and steel institute (IISI), 1/3rd of the with various other materials to
Super Durable)/SMP/PVDF/Metallic
total steel produced is consumed create a contemporary and stunning
etc are available. Paint
in construction activities and it is look.” Steel can accommodate a
manufacturers have their own
expected to go higher and higher. It variety of external finishes of
variants to these classes of paints.
is because of the flexibility it brickwork, insulated renders, timber,
Each has its suitability with
provides to designer and user. The tiles, and curtain walling. Steel can
economic value to meet different
very first flexibility steel provides is be easily cut to custom lengths
requirements. Based on which, best
for primary members in the form of and widths, so builders can design
suiting one is chosen for a design
rolled sections v/s fabricated one to varied choices. Architects and
and environment.
i.e. conventional building v/s Pre-
engineered Building (PEB)/Metal
Building Systems. But when we
consider coated steel sheeting, we
are talking of the flexibility it provides
in the form of variety of cladding
profiles in multiple options in colors,
paint systems, metal coatings,
strengths (grades), lengths, widths,
thicknesses for nearly every
conceivable building design. Thus
coated steel sheets offer excellent
design flexibility, and contributes to
energy savings through its high
reflectivity, recyclability & reusability.
Reduction in consumption is also
achieved through usage of thinner
and high strength material thereby
contributing towards environment

258 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Steel Construction

Choice of Colors proof warranty give designers even this large span is a must
more flexibility for innovating with requirement e.g. aircraft hangar.
Depending on your supplier, you
building structure and style. However, it could only be achieved
can choose from standard set of
with self-supporting steel framing
colours with option of your own one. Options of different system with no need for interior
You can also choose the natural
walls to help bear the weight of the
look of zinc or copper, or coatings slope for roofs building. With this self supporting
that make metal look natural. There is choice of low slope and
steel frame interior walls can easily
Coated steel sheets are now steep slope for roofs. In both
be eliminated, altered or relocated
available in many colours to use categories of roofs, steel with highly
and large open floor plan created
singly and in combinations to make durable metallic & paint coatings
including raised ceilings. This
designing flexible. Colour is could be used and the benefits of
excellent spanning capabilities
important not just for looks; it has high performance realized. It’s the
offered by steel framing provides
influence on inside comfort and metal roofs which added the design
more flexibility in designing internal
environment. Thermal efficiency of element of steep slope to a building
spaces that maximise opportunities
building depends also on the colour that separates them from
for cross ventilation, helping to meet
of roof and wall. conventional flat ones. Low slope
energy efficiency requirements.
roof are more economical, steep
For some things there is simply
Metallic Coating slope metal roofs enhances the
no equivalent, like roofing and
Depending on the life expected from appearance of virtually any building.
walling made from lightweight,
the building material, the Steep slope metal roofs accelerate
versatile and durable coated steel.
environment and activities inside, the rate of water run-off, reduce the
Stronger and lighter as a combined
metallic coating option is exercised likelihood of a build-up of debris,
material than all other alternatives,
for corrosion protection. 55% Al-Zn mold and mildew, less likely to
steel is giving builders and building
coating compared to Zinc coating experience staining from acid rain
designers greater scope to create
provides much better corrosion or UV degradation. The durability
wider rooms and higher ceilings,
protection in near neutral condition and reliability of steep slope
as well as support for innovative,
(typical of most environments). systems is quite long.
non-conventional roofs that are
increasingly being used to give
Possibility of designs Best utilization of properties a style of their own. High
with curves Space strength (minimum 550 MPa yield
Flexibility of design allows for both Larger interior spaces (high strength) coated steel are fast
traditional straight roof sheeting as clearances and spans) without becoming the materials of choice
well as innovative curved roofing interior columns add flexibility to because of its high strength-to-
designs. Coated steel with different design & increase utility. At times weight ratio, and the design flexibility
base steel strength provides virtually they offers. It gives great spanning
limitless design possibilities. Due
to its flexibility, it is capable of
accommodating the double radius
of the curved roof, with great
accuracy of the curves. From flowing
curves to precision flatness, metal
is easy and economical to install.
This freedom of design provides
the architect and owner the
opportunity to build within a wide
range of styles and create an image
that will endure.

Variety of Roof
Designers and users have a choice
of roof & wall with or without visible
fasteners. Advances in technology
such as the standing seam roof
with no visible fasteners and leak

260 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Steel Construction

capabilities, especially with unusual projects – “The efficiency of use of Flexibility to Expand
shapes, and can cover a building working capital”. Offsite
The benefits of steel building
with minimal structural support, prefabrication increases the speed,
system are seen today, tomorrow
allowing for more column free floor efficiency, quality and safety of
and in the future. When you erect a
area. To obtain a desired design construction. It is also easy to
metal building today, you have the
you can reduce the width of the integrate into existing structural
benefit of cost efficiency, design
joist but compensate with heavier systems. The predictability of cost
flexibility, and the predictability of
gauge steel and not change the and program also improves. Time
on-time construction deadlines.
spacing of member. related savings when specifying a
Tomorrow, your benefits continue
structural steelwork frame compared
Time frame Flexibility with reinforced concrete can be 2 –
with minimal maintenance
requirements. In the future, as your
Since steel buildings are quick to 3% of overall building costs.
business flourishes or your needs
erect, the constraint of time is Components of steel roofing
change, the building is
minimal. Frame, wall and roof made and walling are supplied to precise
comparatively easy to expand and
from steel can be erected quickly specifications so there is little or
and easily, saving time and stress. no wastage on site and the cost of
Off-site pre-fabrication ensures debris removal. Most onsite waste
can be sold afterwards as scrap
Flexibility to use
dimensional accuracy and on-site
erection and fixing to be fast and that is recycled into other steel- Local Labour
simple. Service holes can also be based products. It is cost wise & On-site construction of steel
pre-punched for plumbing and environmentally good. Coated steel building is easy, highly efficient and
electrical. Steel building has less sheet assemblies are economical safe, which an untrained personnel,
weather-dependency (lower “down- and durable under tough can quickly learn. There is not much
time / construction time”) can be environmental conditions. Cost measuring, cutting or wet processes
installed in wet conditions unlike arising out of natural calamity is and the pre-manufactured fit-out can
traditional materials. Swift erection minimal. be integrated with interior and
of a building in steel can cut weeks exterior fittings using local labour.
off the average construction time. Flexibility to Reuse Workers can be easily trained to
This way steel building provides Steel building materials have great use steel building systems in
flexibility to designers & builders opportunity for re-use. At times, combination with other materials as
as well. designers use this flexibility for new well.
projects with new look using old
Design Flexibility material. This not only saves cost, Conclusion
it also reduces impact on natural
Cost? resources.
Steel is such a versatile material
that every object we see in our
The variety in steel contributes to
daily life has used steel directly or
the flexibility of design for costing Flexibility to Relocate indirectly. There is no viable
as well. These varied options have
The other great comfort of the substitute to steel in construction
different cost associated with them.
flexibility steel building user has is activities. Steel remains and will
Steel construction offers the
that it can be relocated. This has continue to remain logical and wide
potential to build substantially more
helped many users to release costly choice for construction purpose,
covered space with the same cash
land resource and rebuild the environmentally also, as much of
flow. Steel building can be built in
similar installation with much lower the steel used is recycled.
much less time without increasing
relocation cost. Steel building offers more
site resources, thus freeing capital
design and architectural flexibility for
and finite resources for other
unique or conventional styling. Its
strength and large clear spans
mean the design is not constrained
by the need for intermediate support
walls. As your requirements
changes over the years, you can
reuse, relocate, & modify the
Coated steel sheets come in a
range of styles, sizes and colour

262 NBM&CW MARCH 2011

Steel Construction

combinations, and can usually be customised to

suit specific weather conditions. It is a reliable
and long life cladding material suitable for a
range of residential, commercial and industrial
applications in almost any style of building, from
modern to traditional, from big establishments to
small and in almost any chosen shape or design.
In addition to this, it can be used easily with other
materials, a diverse range of options to choose
from. The strength and flexibility of the steel
products enables the construction of buildings/
structures that can better withstand challenging
environmental and meteorological conditions,
including hurricanes, earthquakes, and high
variability in humidity and temperature.

Linden Comansa at
the Conexpo Show
ower crane manufacturer Linden Comansa
will participate in the 2011 Conexpo Show in
Las Vegas (Nevada, U.S.A.) through its U.S.
subsidiary Linden Comansa America. Conexpo is
one of the world’s most important trade shows for
the construction industry, and undoubtedly the leader
in the American continent.
Linden Comansa America will exhibit in the
outdoor Gold Lot, in booth 261, and will display the
cathead, slewing table and cabin of a 21 LC 550
18t tower crane. Several representatives from Linden
Comansa America and from the factory in Spain will
be able to show the visitors the benefits of Linden
Comansa’s Flat-Top design, and to explain the
different slewing motors available to increase
The Linden Comansa America team is very
excited that several cranes of the same model (21
LC 550) will be on display behind the Las Vegas
Convention Center, on the Fontainebleau Hotel and
Casino jobsite, for the
attendees to see them fully
erected (see pictures).
The Conexpo Show will
take place at Las Vegas
Convention Center from March
22nd to 26th 2011.
For further details, please
Fax: +86-571-8299 6555

NBM&CW MARCH 2011 263

NEWS Events

Focus on Energy- acceptability was the consensus of
opinions at the workshop. However,
Efficient Buildings material and manpower deficit in
The market for energy–efficient promoting the concept is a concern
buildings is set to evolve. People which needs to be addressed so
need to change their mindsets and that focus on energy–efficient
should pay more for buildings which buildings remains as sharp as it
are energy saver. Widening wedge should be.
between builders and buyers is to
be removed for the promotion of Partnership Summit
energy efficient buildings in the Taking part in the Partnership
country. We need to create such as LEED is an important tool Summit organized by CII, Australia
awareness about it so that buyers to promote energy efficient buildings. and Morocco have accepted India’s
start demanding energy–efficient If all of us become conscious and invitation to participate in India’s on-
solutions, said Dr Mathur, Director use common sense, it is possible going infrastructure development
General, BEE at the recent to save energy and environment. programmes. Speaking on the
workshop on energy efficient Speaking at the workshop, Rao of occasion, India’s Commerce and
buildings organised by BEE and IREDA which has been financing Industry minister informed that soon
PHD Chamber of Commerce and schemes for energy–efficient and India-Australia joint ministerial
Industry. Further he added that the green buildings, called upon all group would meet the CEO's of
key aspects of energy-efficient concerned in construction sector to different companies to work out the
buildings are orientation, insulation, reduce energy consumption at all details of investment needed. At
insulated windows, window-glass levels by using energy–efficient the Summit, Commerce Minister,
ratio, efficient chillers and water techniques and processes and also Kingdom of Morocco informed that
heating. BEE on its part has been conduct energy audits regularly. We his country is looking at investments
promoting these ideas for long but need to make people aware of the in energy and related sectors in
these have to go down into actual benefits of energy-efficient buildings India. As Morocco plans to generate
construction work culture. There is in the residential segment. Market 42% of its energy from solar and
an urgent need to promote proper for such buildings will certainly wind energy, some of these
construction materials to construct grow as the concept gains programmes can be adopted in
green buildings Rating systems popularity and mass recognition and India with Morocco's participation.

Coming Events
01. Saudi Construction Show 2011 03. Roof India 2011
Date & Venue: 21-25 March, 2011, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Date & Venue: 27-29 May 2011, Bombay Exhibition Centre,
Arabia Mumbai, India
Contact: Raz Islam, Sales Director, CPI Technology & Contact: VB Sudeep Project Director
Business Events Tel: +91-44-24543322 / 23
Tel: +971 4 440 9129, M: +971 4 447 2409, E-mail:,
+966 54 724 3809 Website:
Email:, Website: 04. MBSS 2011 Date & Venue: 23-25 June 2011, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, India
02. CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2011/ ICON Expo 2011 Contact: Daisy Sequeira Manager - Projects, INIS Enterprises Pvt.
Date & Venue: 22-26 March 2011, Las Vegas Convention Ltd., 116, Atlanta Estate, Vitth Bhatti, Goregaon (E), Mumbai,
Center, Las Vegas, USA India
Contact: Pat Monroe, AEM Tel.: +91-22-28763111 / 40470600 Mob : +91 9322754288
Tel: +1 800-867-6060, 414-298-4141, 414-298-4123 Fax.: +91-22-28765444
(Direct) E-mail:,
Fax: +1 414-272-2672 Website:
Email:, Website:

264 NBM&CW MARCH 2011