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Agilent HEDS-9710, HEDS-9711

200 lpi Analog Output


Small Optical Encoder Modules
Data Sheet

Features
• Small size
• Multiple mounting options
• 200 lpi resolution
• Linear and rotary options available
• Insensitive to radial and axial play
• 15°C to 45°C operating temperature
• Two-channel analog output
Description appropriate optical radius
The HEDS-9710/HEDS-9711 series codewheel, or linear codestrip. • Single 5 V supply
is a high performance, low cost, Please contact the factory for • Wave solderable
optical incremental encoder mod- more information.
ule. When operated in conjunction
with either a codewheel or Applications
codestrip, this module detects ro- The HEDS-9710/HEDS-9711
tary or linear position. The encoder provides sophisticated motion
module consists of a lensed LED detection at a low cost, making
source and a detector IC enclosed closed-loop control very cost-
in a small C-shaped plastic package. effective. Typical applications
Due to a highly collimated light include printers, plotters, copiers,
source and a unique photodetector and office automation equipment.
array, the module is extremely tol-
erant to mounting misalignment. Note: Agilent Technologies Theory of Operation
encoders are not recommended The HEDS-9710/HEDS-9711 is a
The two-channel analog outputs and for use in safety critical C-shaped emitter/detector mod-
5 V supply input are accessed applications, eg., ABS braking ule. Coupled with a codewheel, it
through four solder-plated leads systems, power steering, life translates rotary motion into a
located on 2.54 mm (0.1 inch) support systems, and critical care two-channel analog output.
centers. medical equipment. Please contact Coupled with a codestrip, it trans-
sales representative if more lates linear motion into analog
The standard HEDS-9710/HEDS- clarification is needed. outputs.
9711 is designed for use with an

ESD WARNING: NORMAL PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN TO AVOID STATIC DISCHARGE.


The module contains a single Package Dimensions State Width Error (∆S): The
Light Emitting Diode (LED) as its See HEDS-9700 datasheet for deviation, in electrical degrees, of
light source. The light is colli- package outline drawings. each state width from its ideal
mated into a parallel beam by value of 90°e.
means of a single lens located Definitions
directly over the LED. Opposite Count (N): The number of bar Phase (Φ): The number of elec-
the emitter is the integrated de- and window pairs or Counts Per trical degrees between the center
tector circuit. This IC consists of Revolution (CPR) of the code- of the high state of channel A and
multiple sets of photodetectors wheel, or the number of Lines Per the center of the high state of
and the signal processing cir- Inch (LPI) of the codestrip. channel B. This value is nomi-
cuitry necessary to produce the nally 90°e for quadrature output.
analog waveforms. 1 Shaft Rotation = 360 mechanical
degrees Phase Error (∆Φ): The devia-
The codewheel/codestrip moves = N cycles tion of the phase from its ideal
between the emitter and detector, value of 90°e.
causing the light beam to be in- 1 cycle (c) = 360 electrical
terrupted by the pattern of spaces degrees (°e) Direction of Rotation: When
and bars on the codewheel/ = 1 bar and window pair the codewheel rotates counter-
codestrip. The photodiodes which clockwise, as viewed looking
detect these interruptions are Pulse Width (P): The number of down on the module (so the
arranged in a pattern that corre- electrical degrees that an output marking is visible), channel A will
sponds to the radius and count is high during one cycle. This lead channel B. If the codewheel
density of the codewheel/ value is nominally 180°e or 1/2 rotates in the opposite direction,
codestrip. These detectors are cycle. channel B will lead channel A.
also spaced such that a light
period on one pair of detectors Pulse Width Error (∆P): The Optical Radius (ROP): The
corresponds to a dark period on deviation, in electrical degrees, of distance from the codewheel’s
the adjacent pair of detectors. the pulse width from its ideal center of rotation to the optical
The photodiode outputs are fed value of 180°e. center (O.C.) of the encoder
through the signal processing module.
circuitry, which produces the State Width (S): The number of
final outputs for channels A and electrical degrees between a Mounting Position (RM):
B. Due to this integrated phasing transition in the output of channel Distance from Motor Shaft center
technique, the analog output of A and the neighboring transition of rotation to center of Alignment
channel A is in quadrature with in the output of channel B. There Tab receiving hole.
channel B (90 degrees out of are four states per cycle, each
phase). nominally 90°e.

Absolute Maximum Ratings


Parameter Symbol Min. Max. Units Notes
Storage Temperature TS –40 85 °C
Operating Temperature TA 15 45 °C
Supply Voltage VCC –0.5 7 V
Soldering Temperature 260 °C t ≤ 5 sec.

Recommended Operating Conditions


Parameter Symbol Min. Max. Units Notes
Temperature T 15 45
Supply Voltage VCC 4.8 5.2 V Ripple < 100 mVp-p
Count Frequency 8 kHz (Velocity (rpm) x N) 60

2
Waveform Definition
ANALOG
Iap Ibp

Ibm Iam

DIGITAL

S1

S2

S3

S4

Name Paramenter Definition Label


Analog Peak The absolute value in µA of the magnitude of the Iap, Ibp,
analog signal (i.e., one-sided reading). Iam, Ibm
Analog Peak-to-Peak Ipp The peak-to-peak signal magnitude in µA of the Iapp
analog signal. Ibpp
Analog Offset Ioffset The offset in µA from the mid-point of the analog
peak-to-peak signal to the zero current point.
State Width State Width The number of electrical degrees between a transition State 1
in channel A and the neighboring transition in channel B. State 2
There are four states per cycle, each nominally 90°e. State 3
The transitions are determined by where the analog State 4
signal crosses the Zero point.
State Width Error State Width Error The deviation, in electrical degrees, of each state width
from its ideal value of 90°e.
Pulse Width Pulse Width The number of electrical degrees that an analog output P
is greater than zero during one cycle. This value is
nominally 180°e or 1/2 cycle.
Pulse Width Error Pulse Width Error The deviation, in electrical degrees, of each pulse width
from its ideal value of 180°e.

Electrical Characteristics
Electrical Characteristics over Recommended Operating Range, Typical at 25°C.
Parameter Symbol Min. Typ. Max. Units Notes
Supply Current ICC 17 40 mA

3
Encoding Characteristics
Encoding Characteristics over Recommended Operating Range and
Recommended Mounting Tolerances.
These characteristics do not include codewheel/codestrip contributions.
Units
Radial microns ± 130
Tangential microns ± 130
Gap microns 50 – 250
Temperature °C 15 – 45
O.R. mm 18 – Linear
CPR count 900 – Linear
Codewheel Slot/Spoke ratio 0.9 – 1.1
Min. Max.
Ipp µA 10 73
Ioffset µA –4 +4
State Width Error e° –40 +40
Pulse Width Error e° –40 +40

Recommended Codewheel and Codestrip Characteristics

Parameter Symbol Min. Max. Units Notes


Window/Bar Ratio Ww/Wb 0.9 1.1
Window Length (Rotary) Lw 1.80 2.30 mm
(0.071) (0.091) (inch)
Absolute Maximum Codewheel Rc Rop + 3.40 mm Includes eccen–
Radius (Rotary) (Rop + 0.134) (inch) tricity errors
Center of Post to Inside W1 1.04 mm
Edge of Window (0.041) (inch)
Center of Post to Outside W2 0.76 mm
Edge of Window (0.030) (inch)
Center of Post to Inside Edge L 3.60 mm
of Codestrip (0.142) (inch)

4
Analog Encoder Interface Circuit The circuit shown can be used to
convert the current output to a
voltage. Resistor value, R1, and
VREF Capacitor, C, are specified to
I+ + attain required gain and low-pass
VA
– filtering, which are application
C specific. The gain is chosen to
attain maximum output swing
IA-IN
and not clamp the op-amp. VREF
R1 should be set to 1.4 V ± 0.2 V.
A 0.1 µF bypass capacitor
(decoupling capacitor) is recom-
mended to be placed within 1 cm
VREF of the encoder for optimal power
I+ +
VB supply noise rejection. Outputs

are high impedance (typical 1
C M ohm) and susceptible to EMI.

IB-IN
R1

VREF = 1.4 V ± 0.2 V (DC)

Ordering Information

HEDS-971 Option

Lead Configurations Resolutions Bracket Options


0 – straight leads R – 200 lpi 50
1 – bent leads 51

5
Package Dimensions
Option 50

LEAD THICKNESS = 0.25 mm


LEAD PITCH = 2.54 mm

3.8
10.8 ± 0.5

CH B

CH A
0.5

GND
VCC
R 1.4 3.0
R 2.6 OPTION CODE PIN 1 ID
5.5 ± 0.3

50
1.4 AGILENT 7.0
8.7
6.4 12.6 ± 0.5

X
5.0 4.2

XXXXX

YYWW
3.9

C
0.14
(OPTICAL CENTER)
0.8
8.4
2x ∅ 2.00 ± 0.02 4.2 1.70 ± 0.15 DATE CODE
PART #
(REFER -05)
15.0
7.5 3.90 ± 0.10
C = COUNTRY
OF ORIGIN
10.1 20.2 ± 0.5 MARKING
(REFER -05
FOR DETAILS)
1.8

9.8

Package Dimensions
Option 51

LEAD THICKNESS = 0.25 mm


LEAD PITCH = 2.54 mm

3.8
10.8 ± 0.5
CH B

CH A

0.5
GND
VCC

3.0

OPTION CODE PIN 1 ID


5.5 ± 0.3
∅ 2.8
51

AGILENT 7.0
8.7
6.4 12.6 ± 0.5
X

4.34 ± 0.20 4.2


XXXXX

YYWW

0.14 3.9
C

(OPTICAL CENTER)
0.8
8.4
1.70 ± 0.15 DATE CODE
2x ∅ 2.00 ± 0.02 4.2 PART #
(REFER -05)
15.0
7.5 3.90 ± 0.10
C = COUNTRY
OF ORIGIN
10.1 20.2 ± 0.5 MARKING
(REFER -05
FOR DETAILS)
1.8

9.8
Package Dimensions
Bent Version – Option 50

LEAD THICKNESS = 0.25 mm 6.0


LEAD PITCH = 2.54 mm
3.0 ± 0.3

5° TYP.

CH B

CH A
GND
OPTION CODE

VCC
R 2.6 R 1.4 PIN 1 ID

50
1.4 AGILENT 7.0
8.7 9.2 ± 0.3
6.4 12.6 ± 0.5

X
5.0 4.2

XXXXX

YYWW
0.14 3.9

C
(OPTICAL CENTER)
0.8
8.4
2x ∅ 2.00 ± 0.02 1.70 ± 0.15 PART # DATE CODE
4.2
(REFER -05)
15.0
7.5 3.90 ± 0.10
C = COUNTRY
OF ORIGIN
10.1 20.2 ± 0.5 MARKING
(REFER -05
FOR DETAILS)
1.8

9.8
3.8

0.5

10.8 ± 0.5

Package Dimensions
Bent Version – Option 51

LEAD THICKNESS = 0.25 mm 6.0


LEAD PITCH = 2.54 mm
3.0 ± 0.3

5° TYP.
CH B

CH A
GND
OPTION CODE
VCC

PIN 1 ID
∅ 2.8
51

AGILENT 7.0
8.7 9.2 ± 0.3
6.4 12.6 ± 0.5
X

4.34 ± 0.20 4.2


XXXXX

YYWW

0.14 3.9
C

(OPTICAL CENTER)
0.8
2x ∅ 2.00 ± 0.02 8.4
4.2 1.70 ± 0.15 DATE CODE
PART #
(REFER -05) 15.0
7.5 3.90 ± 0.10
C = COUNTRY
OF ORIGIN
10.1 20.2 ± 0.5 MARKING
(REFER -05
FOR DETAILS)
1.8

9.8
3.8

0.5

10.8 ± 0.5
Mounting Considerations

Note: These dimensions include shaft end play and codewheel warp.

All dimensions for mounting the module and codewheel/codestrip should be measured with respect to the two mounting posts, shown
above.

Mounting Tolerances
Case 1 specifies the mounting tolerances required on Rm in order to achieve the respective encoding
characteristics shown on page 4. The mounting tolerances are as follows:

Case 1: Rm ± 0.13 mm (.005 inches)

Recommended Screw Size: M2.5 x 0.45 or 2-56

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Data subject to change.
Copyright © 2002 Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Obsoletes 5988-3614EN
May 10, 2002
5988-6261EN