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“MODELLING ROAD ON SOFT SOIL”


Sabtu, 27 Juni 2020

APLIKASI GEOSINTETIK Disampaikan oleh:


UNTUK KONSTRUKSI JALAN Pria Ardhana
Design Engineer
DI ATAS TANAH DASAR LUNAK PT Tetrasa Geosinindo
POKOK BAHASAN

01 SOFT SOIL

02 GEOSINTETIK

03 DESAIN

04 KASUS
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

01 SOFT SOIL
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

APA

wikipedia.org
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DI MANA
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

CARA MENGENALI

TANAH LUNAK:
 CBR < 3%
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

CARA MENGENALI
TANAH LUNAK: N-SPT < 5
qc < 10 kg/cm2
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

CARA MENGENALI

Uji Laboratorium:
1. Sieve Analysis  Fine content dominan
2. Index Properties  Kadar air tinggi, berat volume kecil
3. Atterberg Limits  LL & PL tinggi
4. Direct Shear  Kuat geser rendah
5. Triaxial  Kuat geser rendah
6. Consolidation  Koefisien kompresibilitas besar
7. dll..
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PENGARUHNYA

otomotifzone.com

tribunnews.com
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PENGARUHNYA

KORELASI
CBR TANAH
DAN
KEHILANGAN
TEBAL AGREGAT
(FHWA, 1989)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

SOLUSINYA
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

02 GEOSINTETIK
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

SEJARAH
Dibangun : 1000 SM
Tinggi : 45 - 80 m

The Aqar- Quf ziggurat, which stands five kilometers


north of Baghdad was constructed of clay bricks
varying in the thickness between 130-400
mm, reinforced with woven mats of reed laid
horizontally on a layer of sand and gravel at vertical
spacing varying between 0.5 and 2.0 meter (Jones,
1988). wikipedia.org
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

SEJARAH

wikipedia.org

The German soldiers in the Polesia village and corduroy road


(Ukraine, 1918)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

SEJARAH
Tol Prof. Sedyatmo, DKI Jakarta (1983)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

JENIS
Geotextile
Geogrid
Geomembran
GCL
Geopipe
Geonet
Geomat
Geocell
Geotube
Geocontainer
Geocomposite
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

KLASIFIKASI
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

KLASIFIKASI (Lanjutan..)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GEOTEKSTIL
WOVEN & NON-WOVEN
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GEOTEKSTIL

WOVEN & NON-WOVEN

Pada strain yang sama, kuat tarik geotekstil


woven jauh lebih besar
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GEOTEKSTIL
GEOTEKSTIL NON-WOVEN
Continuous Filament Needle Punched
Polypropylene Geotextile
High UV Resistance
High Puncture Strength
Resistance to Construction Damage and
Environmental Effect
Inert to Chemical Degradation
Optimum Filtration Characteristic
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GEOTEKSTIL
GEOTEKSTIL WOVEN STABILISATOR

Polypropilene Slit Film


High Tensile Strength at Very Low Strain
Low Creep Characteristic
Resistance to Construction Damage and
Environmental Effect
High Soil Interaction and Pullout Strength
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GEOTEKSTIL
GEOTEKSTIL WOVEN REINFORCEMENT
Polyester Material with Extremely High
Tensile Strength at Low Elongation
Optimum Long Term Performance Due To
Low Creep Characteristics
Inert to Chemical Degradation
Economical and Reliable Construction Over
Extremely Weak Subgrade
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GEOTEKSTIL
Continous Filament Non-Woven Geotextile
Reinforced By Polyester Yarns
GEOTEKSTIL KOMPOSIT
High Tensile Strength at Low Strain
Low Creep Characteristic
Resistance to Construction Damage and
Environmental Effect
High Soil Interaction and Pullout Strength
Optimum Separation and Filtration Functions
In-plane Drainage to Extra Dissipate Water
Pressure
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

FUNGSI
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

CARA KERJA

http://agungtoto.web.id
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PERCOBAAN
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PERCOBAAN
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

CARA KERJA
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

CARA KERJA

geosintetik sangat kuat


terhadap gaya tarik

+ =
tanah lemah terhadap tanah diperkuat dengan Geosintetik
gaya tarik, kuat terhadap
kuat terhadap tekan gaya tekan dan tarik
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PENGGUNAAN
Lereng

Jalan
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PENGGUNAAN
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

MASALAH DI MANA?

Segregasi, rutting Longsor


(Subgrade) (Tanah dasar)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

SEGREGASI  SEPARATOR
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR

FILTER SEPARATOR DISTRIBUSI BEBAN MEMBRANE TENSION


SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR

Accelerated load facility (Lousiana)


Cyclic plate box test Full scale field test
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR

Accelerated load facility (Lousiana)


Cyclic plate box test Full scale field test
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT

Geotekstil memotong Membrane tension


garis kelongsoran support arching di antara pile
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
BS8006-2010
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN
Persiapan lahan
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN
Pemotongan & penyambungan geotekstil sesuai ukuran panel.
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN Penyambungan
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN

Penyambungan
(Jahit)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN
Penggelaran

Serat dominan tegak lurus terhadap arah longitudinal jalan. Sambungan juga tegak
lurus terhadap arah longitudinal jalan
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN Penimbunan tanah

Penimbunan harus dilakukan secara


bertahap dengan ketebalan tertentu dan
dipadatkan dengan baik
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PEMASANGAN Pemadatan tanah


SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

03 DESAIN
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

GRADE?

Sedalam apa?
Beban?
Material? Tipe, grade?
-> Tepat guna
-> Hemat biaya
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

MASALAH DI MANA?

Segregasi, rutting Longsor


(Subgrade) (Tanah dasar)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

STANDAR
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DATA INPUT
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

REGANGAN
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

KRITERIA KUAT TARIK IJIN


SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PARAMETER TANAH
Timbunan
(SNI 8460:2017)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

PARAMETER TANAH DASAR


Tanah
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS
Lapisan 2
Eref (kN/m ) u g (kN/m3) cref (kN/m2) f (°) Einc (kN/m2) cicr (kN/m2)
PARAMETER TANAH DASAR
Timbunan 7000 0,350 17 20 5
Lapis 1 (0-7m) 6000 0,495 15 20 0 150 0.5
Lapis 2 (7-15m) 35000 0,496 16 150 0
Lapis 3 (15-20m) 40000 0,497 17 200 0

Tiang mini (elemen Plate) Geotekstil Komposit


Mutu beton (K) 500 Ultimate tensile (kN/m) 155 205
Mutu beton (MPa) 41.5 Elongation at Ult Tensile (%) 10 10
Diameter (m) 300 EA (kN/m) 1550 2050
Spasi (m) 1.5 Np (kN/m) 90.9 120
E 3030303 kN/m2
I 0.00225 m4 Kriteria Minimum Faktor Keamanan:
EA 606060.61 kN Statik: 1,50
EI 4545.4545 Seismik: 1,10
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR
Loading
Serviceability Factor

Support

Structural Layer Thickness

Giroud-Han Method
(Unpaved Road)

C 30
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR Serviceability Factor

Reliability
Loading Factors Support

Structural Number Required

AASHTO Method
R
(Paved Road)
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

ANALISIS SUBGRADE
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR
Paved Road Calculations: AASHTO Method
Reinforced Layer = Subbase Course CBR design:
Choose Geosynthetics = HP580a 3
Choose Reduction Option = Aggregate Base Course (Primary)
Subbase Course (Secondary)
None (Third)

With Reinforcement / Stabilization

Drainage
Layer No. Layer Description Structural Coefficient Thickness (mm) SiNi Reinforced ESAL
Coefficient
1 Asphalt Surface 0.40 1.00 100.00 40.00
2 Aggregate Base Coarse 0.15 0.90 150.00 20.25
522.605
3 Subbase Coarse 0.15 0.90 235.00 31.12
Calculated SN = 91.37

SUMMARY OF DESIGN Unreinforced Thickness (mm) Reinforced Thickness (mm)


0
Traffic Benefit Ratio 100 100
100
i) Unreinforced ESAL = 520.511 150
200 200
ii) Reinforced ESAL = 522.605
iii) Increment in ESAL = 2.094
300
iv) Traffic Benefit Ratio (TBR) = 1.00
235
400
Total Saving in Road Layers: 300
500
i) Asphalt Surface = -
ii) Aggregate Base Course = 50mm (25% Saving) 600
iii) Subbase Course = 65mm (21.7% Saving)
700
Asphalt Surface Aggregate Base Coarse Subbase Coarse
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

RUTTING  STABILISATOR
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
Parameter input
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
Parameter Geotekstil
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
Iteration
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
Output:
Deformasi
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

LONGSOR  REINFORCEMENT
Output:
Safety Factor
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

04 KASUS
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Kondisi lahan
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Bor SPT
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Geometri,
struktur,
beban rencana
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Input:
Parameter
Tanah
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Input:
Parameter
Geotekstil
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Output:
Deformasi
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Output:
Safety Factor
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Hasil desain
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Instalasi
SOFT SOIL GEOSINTETIK DESAIN KASUS

DRILLING ACCESS ROAD, KISARAN


Surface aggregate
REFERENSI
• Badan Geologi, 2019, Atlas Sebaran Tanah Lunak Indonesia
• Badan Standardisasi Nasional, 2008, Cara Uji Penetrasi Lapangan dengan Alat Sondir SNI
2827: 2008
• Badan Standardisasi Nasional, 2008, Cara Uji Penetrasi Lapangan dengan SPT SNI 4153:
2008
• Badan Standardisasi Nasional, 2017, Persyaratan Perancangan Geoteknik SNI 8460: 2017
• Direktorat Jenderal Bina Marga, Pedoman Konstruksi dan Bangunan No. 003/BM/2009,
Perencanaan & Pelaksanaan Perkuatan Tanah dengan Geosintetik No. 003/BM/2009
• Koerner, R.M., 2005, Designing with Geosynthetics 5th Edition, New Jersey
• Look, Burt, 2007, Handbook of Geotechnical Investigation and Design Tables
• TenCate, 2015, Soft Subgrade Stabilisation
SEKIAN
TERIMA KASIH

ROXY MAS BUSINESS CENTER BLOK C4 NO.18-20


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