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# Data

## - Sudut kemiringan atap (α) = 30 o 0.866025 0.5

- Jarak antar gording = 1.3554 m (diagonal atas)
= 1.2 m (diagonal bawah)
= 1.1738 m (horizontal)
- Bentang gording (Ly) = 5m
- Berat gording = 13.4 kg/m (CNP 12)
- Berat profil kuda-kuda = 7.54 kg/m (Double siku, 50x50x5 )
- Beban angin = 25 kg/m2
- Beban hidup = 100 kg/m2
- Berat penutup atap (genteng) = 50 kg/m2
- Berat plafon = 18 kg/m3
- Overstek = 1.3 m

Beban Mati
1 Beban P1

## -> Beban mati

a) beban atap = Luasan x berat atap
= 187.6375 kg
b) beban plafon = Luasan x berat plafon
= 58.5 kg
c) berat kuda-kuda = 1/2 x batang x berat profil kuda- estimasi berat maks
kuda --> yang ditahan joint
= 10.6695 kg
d) berat pelat sambung = 30% berat kuda-kuda
= 3.2008 kg
e) berat bracing = 10% berat kuda-kuda
= 1.0669 kg
-> Total = 261.0748 kg

2 Beban P2

## -> Beban mati

a) beban gording = berat profil gording x panjang gording
= 67 kg
b) beban atap = Luasan x berat atap
= 338.8469 kg
1/2 x batang x berat profil kuda- estimasi berat maks
c) berat kuda-kuda = -->
kuda yang ditahan joint
= 29.9538 kg
d) berat pelat sambung = 30% berat kuda-kuda
= 8.9861 kg
e) berat bracing = 10% berat kuda-kuda
= 2.9954
-> Total = 447.7822 kg

3 Beban P3

## -> Beban mati

a) beban plafon = Luasan x berat plafon
= 105.6420 kg
1/2 x batang x berat profil kuda- estimasi berat maks
b) berat kuda-kuda = -->
kuda yang ditahan joint
= 40.2696 kg
c) berat pelat sambung = 30% berat kuda-kuda
= 12.0809 kg
d) berat bracing = 10% berat kuda-kuda
= 4.0270
-> Total = 162.0195 kg

Beban Angin
1 Beban W1 & W3

## - Koef. Angin Tekan = 0,02 α - 0,4

= 0.2
Beban angin tekan (W1) = luasan x koef. Angin tekan x beban angin
= 33.8847 kg
Wx = W.sin.α = 16.9423 kg
Wy = W.cos.α = 29.3450 kg

## - Koef. Angin hisap = -0.4 kg

Beban angin hisap (W3) = luasan x koef. Angin hisap x beban angin
= -67.7694 kg
Wx = W.sin.α = -33.8847 kg
Wy = W.cos.α = -58.6900 kg

2 Beban W2 & W4

## - Koef. Angin Tekan = 0,02 α - 0,4

= 0.2
Beban angin tekan (W2) = luasan x koef. Angin tekan x beban angin
= 16.9423 kg
Wx = W.sin.α = 8.4712 kg
Wy = W.cos.α = 14.6725 kg

## - Koef. Angin hisap = -0.4 kg

Beban angin hisap (W4) = luasan x koef. Angin hisap x beban angin
= -33.8847 kg
Wx = W.sin.α = -16.9423 kg
Wy = W.cos.α = -29.3450 kg

Beban Hidup
Lr1 = 100 kg

## Hasil Analisis Software

Reaksi Tumpuan
Va = 6291.21 kg
Ha = 6138.25 kg
Vb = 4824.08 kg
Hb = -5014.68 kg
Gaya Batang (kg) 1.2D + 0.5La -10573
No. Batang
Tarik (+) Tekan (-) 1.4D -11522.5
1 491.19 1.2D + 1.6La + 0.5W
-12086.9
2 993.19 1.2D + 1W + 0.5Lr
-10569.3
3 634.27 0.9D + 1W -7403.58
4 546.12
5 741.72 -12086.9
6 1256.38
7 1922.26
8 27.36
10 441.56
11 591.79
12 845.49
13 1158.93
14 1538.72
15 1889.39
16 237.23
17 2011.68
18 2428.43
19 2914.34
20 3150.37
21 2988.88
22 2283.3
23 1035.37
24 702.91
25 623.09
26 809.48
27 1304.75
28 1952.23
29 16.82
30 436.31
31 587.7
32 844.91
33 1162.36
34 1543.34
35 1867.99
36 230.6
37 2029.37
38 2421.08
39 2891.62
40 3130.41
41 2987.68
42 2311.17
43 1777.77
44 1292.25
45 837.55
46 513.95
47 337.78
48 425.32
49 1804.01
50 1313.06
51 848.72
52 514.18
53 328.08
54 410.74
max 0 3150.37
S20
BATANG TARIK
- Profil = Double siku, 50 x 50 x 5 mm
-B = 50 mm
-D = 50 mm
-t = 5 mm
- Area (Ag) = 960.4 mm² 9.604 cm2
- Mutu = BJ37
- fy = 240 MPa 2400 kg/cm2
- fu = 370 MPa 3700 kg/cm2
-E = 2100000 kg/cm2
- Berat sendiri = 7.54 kg/m
- Tu = 0 kg

Area Netto
An = Ag - (diameter lubang x tebal profil)
= 960.4 > 816.34 (0,85.Ag)

## U = 1 --> Alat sambung dengan las, luasan tida

Ae = U . An = 960.4 mm²

Nominal Resistance
- yield condition
Tn = Ag.fy = 230496 N
ØTn = 0,9Tn = 20744.64 kg
- fracture condition
Tn = Ae.fu = 355348 N
ØTn = 0,75Tn = 26651.1 kg

## - ØTn (smallest) = 20744.64 kg > Tu =

BATANG TEKAN
- Profile = Double siku, 50 x 50 x 5 mm
-B = 50 mm
-D = 50 mm
-t = 5 mm
- Area (Ag) = 960.4 mm² 9.604 cm2
- Inertia (Ix) = 222000 mm4 22.2 cm4
Inertia (Iy) = 572363.5240 mm5 57.2364 cm5
- Inertia radius ( rx ) = 15.2037 mm 1.5204 cm
Inertia radius ( ry ) 24.4124 mm 2.4412 cm
Inertia radius minimum ( rmin ) = 15.2037 mm
Mutu = BJ37
- fy = 240 MPa 2400 kg/cm2
- fu = 370 MPa 3700 kg/cm2
-E = 2100000 kg/cm2
- Panjang batang = 3.0278 m 302.78 cm
-Ø = 0.85
- Nu = 3150.37 kg

- Kelangsingan penampang
0,45√(𝐸/𝑓_𝑦 )
= 13.6070
b/t = 10 < 13.60698 -->

- Kelangsingan batang
sendi - sendi, K = 1
𝐾𝐿/𝑟𝑚𝑖𝑛 = 199.1484 < 200

## Panjang efektif (KL) --> panjang tekuk

𝑃_𝑐𝑟=(𝜋^2.𝐸.𝐼)/𝐿^2 if pcr = maximum axial force
-->
of structure
𝐿_𝑐𝑟=√((𝜋^2.𝐸.𝐼)/𝑃_𝑢 )
= 382.3226 cm > L=

## Tegangan kritis tekuk lentur (AISC - E3) 3.142857

(𝑘.𝐿)/𝑟
= 199.1484

4,71√(𝐸/𝐹𝑦)
= 139.3237

𝑓_𝑒=(𝜋^2.𝐸)/((𝑘.𝐿)/𝑟)^2
= 522.5953
4,71√(𝐸/𝐹𝑦)
𝑓_𝑐𝑟= 〖 0,658 〗 ^(𝑓𝑦/𝑓𝑒) . 𝑓𝑦 (𝑘.𝐿)/𝑟
= 351.0914 kg/cm2 jika <=

## 𝑓_𝑐𝑟=0,877.fe = 458.3161 kg/cm2 jika(𝑘.𝐿)/𝑟> 4,71√(𝐸/𝐹𝑦)

fcr yang digunakan = 458.3161 kg/cm2
Nn = fcr . Ag = 4401.6676 kg

## ØNn = 3741.4174 kg > Nu =

Tegangan kritis tekuk lentur - torsi (AISC - E4)
x₀ = 0 mm
y₀ = 11.6 mm
Ix = 222000 mm4
Iy = 572363.5240 mm4
Ag = 960.4 mm2 9.604 cm2
𝑟 ̅₀² = x₀² + y₀² + (Ix + Iy)/Ag
= 961.6774 mm2 9.616774 cm2
Fcry = 458.3161 kg/cm2
G = 77200 Mpa 772000 kg/cm2
2/3 . (𝑑+𝑏 −𝑡). 𝑡^3
J =
= 7916.6667 mm4 0.7917 cm4
(𝐺 . 𝐽 )/((𝐴𝑔 . ( 𝑟) ̅"₀² " ) )
Fcrz =

= 6617.2587 kg/cm2
1 − ( 〖𝑥₀〗 ^2+ 〖𝑦₀〗 ^2)/(𝑟 ̅"₀² " )
H =

= 0.8601
((𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑦+𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑧)/2𝐻).[1−√(1−(4 . 𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑦 . 𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑧 . 𝐻)/(𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑦+𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑧)²)]
Fcr =

= 532.8774 kg/cm2
Nn = Fcr . Ag
= 5117.7550 kg
ØNn = 4350.0918 kg > Nu =

## Pelat kopel (AISC - E6)

3/4 𝐾𝐿/𝑟_𝑦 >𝑎/𝑟_𝑚𝑖𝑛

## *dimana a = jarak antar pelat kopel

a = 1414.2590 mm -> 141.4259

## BATANG TEKAN (Pipa Schedule)

- Profile : Pipa schedule, 10 cm <
-D = 101.6 mm >
-t = 4.2 mm
- Area (Ag) = 1218 mm² 12.18 cm2
- Mutu = BJ37
- fy = 240 MPa 2400 kg/cm2
- fu = 370 MPa 3700 kg/cm2
-E = 2100000 kg/cm2
- Berat sendiri = 10.09 kg/m
- Tu = 0 kg

## Area Netto = 1218 > 1035.3 (0,85.Ag)

An = Ag - (Hole diameter x Profile thickness

## U = 1 --> Alat sambung dengan las, luasan tida

Ae=U.An = 1218

Nominal Resistance
- yield condition
Tn = Ag.fy = 292320
ØTn = 0,9Tn = 26308.8 kg
- fracture condition
Tn = Ae.fu = 450660
ØTn = 0,75Tn = 33799.5 kg

## BATANG TEKAN (tumpuan kuda-kuda)

- Profile : 2 Lipped Channel, 100.50.20.4 mm <
-H = 100 mm >
-A = 50 mm
-C 20 mm
-t = 4 mm
- Area (Ag) = 854.8 mm² 8.548 cm2
- Inertia (Ix) = 1270000 mm4 127
Inertia (Iy) = 287000 mm5 28.7
- Inertia radius ( rx ) = 38.5 mm 3.85
Inertia radius ( ry ) 18.3 mm 1.83
- fy = 240 MPa 2400 kg/cm2
- fu = 370 MPa 3700 kg/cm2
-E = 2000000 kg/cm2
- Girder Length (L) = 0.2 m 20 cm
-Ø = 0.85
- Nu = 6138.25 kg

## Slender Element Check

0,56√(𝐸/𝑓_𝑦 )
= 16.165807537
b/t = 25 > 16.16581 Not Ok!

Pinned-pinned supports :
k value for design = 1

## Effective Length (before buckling) --> panjang tekuk

𝑃_𝑐𝑟=(𝜋^2.𝐸.𝐼)/𝐿^2 if pcr = maximum axial force
-->
of structure
𝐿_𝑐𝑟=√((𝜋^2.𝐸.𝐼)/𝑃_𝑢 )
= 303.91931434 cm > L=

## Nominal Resistance 3.142857

(𝑘.𝐿)/𝑟
= 10.928961749
4,71√(𝐸/𝐹𝑦)
= 135.96598839

𝑓_𝑒=(𝜋^2.𝐸)/((𝑘.𝐿)/𝑟)^2
= 165394.65306

## 𝑓_𝑐𝑟=0,877.fe = 145051.11073 kg/cm2

fcr used = 145051.11073 kg/cm2
Nn = fcr . Ag = 1239896.8946 kg

## ØNn = 1115907.2051 kg < Nu =

ung dengan las, luasan tidak direduksi

0 kg OK! 0

q A Ix Iy rx
Profil
kg/m mm2 mm4 mm5 mm
L 60x60x6 3.77 480.2 111000 111000 15.2

## rmin min 536637

cm
15.139

tidak langsing

OK!

302.78 cm OK!

4,71√(𝐸/𝐹𝑦)

4,71√(𝐸/𝐹𝑦)

3150.37 kg OK!
. 𝐻)/(𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑦+𝐹𝑐𝑟𝑧)²)]

3150.37 kg OK!

## dipasang tiap 140 cm

Ok!
Not Ok!
ung dengan las, luasan tidak direduksi

0 kg Ok!

Ok!
Not Ok!
--> tidak langsing

20 cm Ok!

6138.25 kg Ok!
ry Cx=Cy J Cw Ips rt rmin
mm mm mm4 mm mm
15.2 14.1