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Sri SAIRAM ENGINEERING COLLEGE

CHENNAI-600 044

DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL ENGINEERING

MODEL EXAM

SUB NAME: PROCESS CONTROL TIME: 3Hrs

SUB CODE: EI 2352 DATE: 30 -03-2011

Answer all the questions

PART-A (10*2=20)

1) Why differential control cannot be used alone.

2) What is Cv factor Control valve.

3) What is meant by Neutral zone in ON-OFF controller?

4) Draw the electronic circuit for PI controller.

5) What is referred to as “reverse action” in the controller operation?

6) An equal percentage valve has a maximum flow of 50m3 /s and a minimum of 2m3 /s. If the full travel is
3 cm, find the flow at a 1 cm opening.

7) Differentiate pneumatic and electric actuators.

8) When do we prefer split range control scheme.

9) Draw the block diagram f feed forward control scheme.

10) Why does the flow lift characteristics of a control valve change after it is installed in a pipeline?

PART-B(5*16=80)

11)(a)(i)Develop a mathematical model for Thermal process.(8)

(ii)Derive transfer function H(s)/Q(s) for the liquid level system shown below when

 The tank level operates about the steady state value of 1 feet

 The tank level operates about the steady state value of 3 feet
Or

(b)(i)Develop the transfer function of an interacting two tank systems.(9)

(ii)Explain in detail about continuous and batch process.(4)

(iii)Compare interacting and non-interacting systems. (3)

12)(a)(i)What is meant by bumpless transfer?(4)

(ii)A PI controller is used to control the pressure in a tank which varies from 40 psi to 140 psi.
Desired pressure is 90 psi Controller output is to change by 100% upon 40 psi pressure
deviation.Reset rate is 1/5 repeats per minute and controller output at zero error is 50%.Calculate
the controller output at the end of 2 minutes, when pressure in the tank becomes 80 psi.(8)

(iii)Design a pneumatic type PID Controller.

Or

(b)(i)Design a Electronic PID Circuit.(8)

(ii)Compare the features of various control schemes listed in the table.(8)

SI.NO Controller m(t) expression Controller Process Advantage Disadvantage Process


output output example
response response

1 ON-OFF

2 P

3 I

4 D

5 PI

6 PD

7 PID

13)(a)(i)Explain the various steps involved in the process reaction curve method of tuning the
controllers.(6)

(ii)Explain the various time integral performance criteria with closed loop responses.(6)

(iii)Explain the concept behind