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Enhanced High-Speed Packet Access

HSPA+

‹ Background: HSPA Evolution


‹ Higher data rates
‹ Signaling Improvements
‹ Architecture Evolution/ Home NodeB
HSPA+ (HSPA Evolution) Background
‹ For operators deploying High Speed Packet Access (HSPA*) now
now, there is the
need to continue enhancing the HSPA technology
‹ 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) being standardized now, but not
backwards compatible with HSPA
‹ 223 HSDPA operators in service in 93 countries (Oct. 08)**

‹ Investment protection needed for current HSPA deployments

‹ HSPA+ effort introduced in 3GPP in March 2006


‹ Initiated by 3G Americas & the GSMA

‹ HSPA+ defines a broad framework and set of requirements for the


evolution of HSPA
‹ Rel.-7:
Rel 7: improvements mainly in downlink
‹ Rel.-8: further uplink enhancements

*HSPA is the combination of HSDPA and HSUPA


**http://www.3gamericas.org/pdfs/Global_3G_Status_Update.pdf

HSPA+ introduced to continue focus on enhancements to HSPA

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 2


HSPA+ Goals

Based on the importance of the HSPA-based


HSPA based radio network
network, 3GPP
agreed that HSPA+ should:

‹ Provide spectrum efficiency, peak data rates & latency comparable to


LTE in 5 MHz
‹ Exploit full potential of the CDMA air interface before moving to OFDM
‹ Allow operation in an optimized packet-only mode for voice and data
‹ Utilization of shared channels only
‹ Be backward compatiblep with Release 99 through
g Release 6
‹ Offer a smooth migration path to LTE/SAE through commonality, and
facilitate joint technology operation
‹ Ideally only need a simple infrastructure upgrade from HSPA to HSPA+
Ideally,
‹ HSPA evolution is two-fold
‹ Improvement of the radio

‹ Architecture evolution

A
Aggressive
i HSPA+ goals
l for
f enhancing
h i HSPA

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 3


Higher Order Modulations (HOMs)

Uplink Downlink

BPSK 16QAM 64QAM


2 bits/symbol
y 4 bits/symbol
y 6 bits/symbol
y

‹ Increases the peak data rate in a high SNR environment


‹ Very effective for micro cell and indoor deployments

HOMs increase the number of bits/symbols transmitted, thereby


i
increasing
i the
th peak
k rate
t

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 4


HOM Peak Rate Performance Benefits: DL 64-QAM & UL 16-QAM

Downlink Mb/s Equal to LTE peak rates in 5 MHz


2x2 SU-MIMO + 64 QAM in DL
42.2 16-QAM in UL**

The use of Higher Order HSPA+


Modulations significantly (64 QAM & 2x2 MIMO*)
i
increases the
th th
theoretical
ti l 28.0
peak rates of HSPA
HSPA+
(16 QAM & 2x2 MIMO)
Provides
P id data
d t ratet b
benefits
fit 21 1
21.1
for users in very good HSPA+ (64 QAM)
channel conditions (e.g. Uplink
14.0
quasi-static or fixed users
close
l to
t th
the cell
ll center,
t 11 5
11.5
lightly loaded conditions) HSPA+ (16 QAM)
HSDPA (16 QAM)
5.74
HSUPA (BPSK)
*Part of 3GPP Rel-8
Theoretical Max Peak Rates In Perfect RF Conditions

Higher order modulations provide peak rate benefits for users in very
good channel conditions
UMTS Networks **Using 2 resource blocks for PUCCH
Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, and max prime factor
Jens Mückenheim WSrestriction
2008 =5 5
HSDPA 64-QAM – Micro Cell / Hotspot Deployment

~30% throughput increase


for top 10% users

Results from 3GPP R1-063415


Key assumptions: 500m inter-
site distance and 6dB attenuation
from non-serving cells (models
site-to-site isolation)

2 Rx Antenna, Equalizer

Without 64-QAM With 64-QAM Gain


Sector Throughput 10 Mbit/s 11 3 Mbit/s
11.3 13%
90%-tile Throughput
(normalized for 1 user per 12 Mbit/s 15.6 Mbit/s 30%
sector)

HOMs provide significant improvements for “hot spot” deployments


UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 6
Multiple Antenna Techniques

UE 1
Node-B
• Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA) or
Beamforming
− Different data streams sent to different users using the same codes
− Improves throughput even in low SINR conditions (cell
(cell-edge)
edge)
− Already supported in Release 5/6, works with single antenna UEs
UE 2

• Spatial Multiplexing (SM) Æ SU


SU-MIMO
MIMO Node-B UE
− Multiple data streams sent to the same user
− Significant throughput gains for UEs in high SINR conditions
− Double Transmit Adaptivep Array
y ((D-TxAA)) was adopted
p for Rel-7
FDD and is based on dual codeword SU-MIMO

• Cl
Closed
d Loop
L T
Transmit
i Di
Diversity
i (CLTD)
− Improves reliability on a single data stream
− Fall back scheme if channel conditions do not allow SM
Node-B UE

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 7


Fixed Beam Switching (FBS)

From UL e.g. 4 beams


• Spatial partitioning of the
Selection sector area by help of a fixed
number of beams
• S-CPICH (per beam) is
introduced for improving UE
channel estimation
• Beam specific secondary
scrambling codes can be
applied → code limitation
preventable
Fixed
Fi d spatial
ti l filt
filters,
e.g. Butler-Matrix or
baseband
implementation
p

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 8


Adaptive Beamforming/ Beam Pointing (BP)

User specific adaptive


spatial filtering
• User specific antenna patterns
are formed depending on a
pre-defined optimisation
criteria,, e.g.
g
− MaxSINR
− MaxSNR
• maxSNR significantly outper-
forms maxSIR
UL measurements
t
• For a low angular spread BP
is nearly equivalent to
Adaptation maxSNR
Algorithm

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 9


Basic MIMO Channel

M Tx N Rx

Coding/Modulation/ Weighting/Demapping
Weighting/Mapping Demodulation/Decoding

ƒ The MIMO channel consists of M Tx and N Rx antennas


ƒ Each Tx antenna transmits a different signal
g
ƒ The signal from Tx antenna j is received at all Rx antennas i
ƒ Channel capacity can increase linearly

CMIMO ≤ min{M,N} • CSISO

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 10


MIMO in HSPA+

Release 7 MIMO for HSDPA


‹ 2x2
‹ D-TxAA, Mode d 1
‹ HS-DPCCH-only feedback (CQI and PCI reported on HS-DPCCH)
‹ PARC Algorithm with support for dual stream and single stream (different from
Tx diversity i.e.; change per subframe and no antenna verification)

V11
Stream 1
Antenna 1
Channel Modulator
Encode
interleave (16QAM, QPSK)

V12

V21
Stream 2
Antenna 2
Channel Modulator
Encode
interleave (16QAM, QPSK)

V22

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 11


MIMO Performance Benefits

‹ 2x2 D-TxAA
D TxAA MIMO scheme doubles peak rate from 14 14.4
4 Mbps to 28.8
28 8 Mbps
‹ 2x2 D-TxAA MIMO provides significant experienced peak, mean & cell edge
user data rate benefits for isolated cells or noise/coverage limited cells
‹ 2x2 D-TxAA MIMO provides 20%-60% larger spectral efficiency than 1x2

2 100

n (%) of 2x2
D ata R ate G ain o f M IM O vs.

1.75 SISO (1x1)


S IS O fo rran Iso lateed C ell

Note: All gains 80


MIMO (2x2)

MMSE
1.5 normalized to
1 25
1.25 Near Cell Center

ciency Gain
over 1x2 LM
SISO Data Rate 60
1
0.75 40

0.5

Spectral Effic
MIMO o
20
0.25
0 0
Near Cell Center Average Cell Cell Edge Interference Limted Isolated Cell
Location System

MIMO provides significant data rate and spectral efficiency benefits


for isolated, noise limited cells
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 12
HSDPA – UE Physical Layer Capabilities
HS-DSCH
HS DSCH Maximum number Supported Modulation Minimum Maximum Total number of Theoretical
Category of HS-DSCH multi- Formats inter-TTI MAC-hs TB size soft channel bits maximum data
codes interval rate (Mbit/s)
Category 1 5 QPSK, 16QAM 3 7298 19200 1.2
Category 2 5 QPSK, 16QAM 3 7298 28800 1.2
Category 3 5 QPSK, 16QAM 2 7298 28800 1.8
Category 4 5 QPSK, 16QAM 2 7298 38400 1.8
Category 5 5 QPSK, 16QAM 1 7298 57600 3.6
Categoryy 6
Catego 5 QPSK,
Q S , 16QAM
6Q 1 7298
98 67200
6 00 3.6
3 6
Category 7 10 QPSK, 16QAM 1 14411 115200 7.2
Category 8 10 QPSK, 16QAM 1 14411 134400 7.2
Category 9 15 QPSK, 16QAM 1 20251 172800 10.1
Category 10 15 QPSK, 16QAM 1 27952 172800 14.0
Category 11 5 QPSK 2 3630 14400 0.9
Category 12 5 QPSK 1 3630 28800 1.8
Categoryy 13
Catego 3 15
5 QPSK,
Q S , 16QAM,
6Q , 64QAM
6 Q 1 35280
35 80 259200
59 00 17.6
6
Category 14 15 QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM 1 42192 259200 21.1
Category 15 15 QPSK, 16QAM 1 23370 345600 23.3
Category 16 15 QPSK, 16QAM 1 27952 345600 28.0
Category 17 15 QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM/ 1 35280/ 259200/ 17.6/
MIMO: QPSK, 16QAM 23370 345600 23.3
Category 18 15 QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM/ 1 42192/ 259200/ 21.1/
MIMO: QPSK, 16QAM 27952 345600 28.0
Category 19 15 QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM 1 35280 518400 35.2
Category 20 15 QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM 1 42192 518400 42.2

Note: UEs of Categories 15 – 20 support MIMO cf. TS 25.306


UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 13
E-DCH – UE Physical Layer Capabilities

E-DCH
C Max.
a num.
u Min S
SF EDCH
C TTI Maximum
a u MAC-eCe Theoretical
eo et ca maximum
a u PHY
Category Codes TB size data rate (Mbit/s)
Category 1 1 SF4 10 msec 7110 0.71

Category
g y2 2 SF4 10 msec// 14484// 1.45//
2 msec 2798 1.4
Category 3 2 SF4 10 msec 14484 1.45

g y4
Category 2 SF2 10 msec/ 20000/ 2.0/
2 msec 5772 2.89
Category 5 2 SF2 10 msec 20000 2.0

Category 6 4 SF2 10 msec/ 20000/ 2.0/


2 msec 11484
8 5.74
Category 7 4 SF2 10 msec/ 20000/ 2.0/
(Rel.7) 2 msec 22996 11.5

NOTE 1: When 4 codes are transmitted in parallel, two codes shall be


transmitted with SF2 and two codes with SF4
NOTE 2: UE Category 7 supports 16QAM
cf. 25.306

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 14


Continuous Packet Connectivity (CPC)

Prior to Rel-7
‹ Uplink
p DPCCH ggatingg during
g
inactivity Æ significant reduction Data
in UL interference Pilot

‹ F DPCH gating during inactivity


F-DPCH
Rel-7 using CPC
‹ New uplink DPCCH slot format
Data
optimized
p for transmission
Pilot
DPCCH only

‹ HS SCCH less transmission introduced to reduce signaling bottleneck for real-


HS-SCCH-less real
time-services on HSDPA

CPC significantly reduces control channel overhead for low bit rate
real-time services (e.g. VoIP)
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 15
CPC Performance Benefits

‹ CPC provides up to a factor of two VoIP on HSPA capacity benefit compared


to Rel-99 AMR12.2 circuit voice and 35-40% benefit compared to Rel-6 VoIP
on HSPA

3
R'99 Circuit Voice
n of CPC
C

2.5 VoIP on HSPA (Rel'6)*


VoIP on HSPA (CPC)*
2 Note: All
acity Gain

capacity gains
1.5 normalized to
AMR12.2
1 Circuit Voice
oIP Capa

Capacity
0.5

0
Vo

AMR12.2 AMR7.95 AMR5.9

CPC provides
id significant
i ifi tVVoIP
IP on HSPA capacity
it bbenefits
fit
* All VoIP on HSPA capacities assume two receive antennas in the terminal
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 16
“Always On” Enhancement of CPC

‹ CPC allows UEs in CELL


CELL_DCH
DCH to “sleep”
sleep during periods of inactivity
‹ Reduces signaling load and battery consumption (in combination with DRX)

‹ Allows users to be kept in CELL_DCH with HSPA bearers configured


‹ Need to page and re-establish bearers leads to call set up delay

UE in UE in CPC allows users to


URA_PCH CELL_DCH kept in CELL_DCH

Incoming Incoming
call Page UE
call Send data almost
Paging Immediately
Without CPC, users Response ((<50ms reactivation))
typically kept in
URA_PCH or CELL_PCH CELL_FACH
state to save radio Re-establish
resources and battery bearers Avoids several hundred
CELL_DCH ms off call
ll setup
t d delay
l
Send data

CPC avoids re-establishment delays Æ improves “always on” experience


UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 17
Enhanced CELL_FACH & Enhanced Paging Procedure
‹ UEs are not always kept in CELL
CELL_DCH
DCH
state, eventually fall back to
CELL_PCH/URA_PCH
‹ HSPA+
S introduces
t oduces e
enhancements
a ce e ts to
reduce the delay in signaling the UE in
transition to CELL_DCH Æ use of
URA_PCH
HSDPA in CELL_FACH and
URA/CELL PCH states
URA/CELL_PCH t t instead
i t d off S-
S Incoming
Use HSDPA for
CCPCH call Page UE faster
transmission of
‹ Enhanced CELL_FACH Paging signaling
‹ Enhanced Paging procedure Response messages

‹ In Rel.-8 work item opened to improve CELL_FACH


Æ 2ms frame
length with up to
RACH procedure 4 retransmissions
‹ Direct use of HSUPA in CELL
CELL_FACH
FACH Re-establish
Re establish
bearers

CELL_DCH
Send data

E h
Enhanced
d CELL_FACH/Paging/RACH
CELL FACH/P i /RACH reduces
d setup d
delay
l Æ improves
i P
PoC
C

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 18


E-RACH – High level description

‹ RACH preamble ramping as in R R’99


99 with AICH/E-AICH
AICH/E AICH acknowledgement
‹ Transition to E-DCH transmission in CELL_FACH
‹ Possibility to seamlessly transfer to Cell_DCH

‹ NodeB can control common E-DCH resource in CELL_FACH


‹ Resource assignment indicated from NodeB to UE

Transmission starts NodeB responds by UE starts common E-DCH


with power ramping allocating common E-DCH transmission.
on preamble resources F-DPCH for power control, E-AGCH
reserved for E-DCH for rate control, E-HICH for HARQ
access

τ #0 #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14


p
-
a

PRACH #0 #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #0 #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14
access
slots

Access slot set 1 Access slot set 2

10 ms 10 ms

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 19


UTRAN Architecture

Core Network

Iu Iu TCP RTT:
~300ms
RNS SDU buffer RNS
UTRAN
Iur
RNC RNC

Ib
Iub Iub Iub Iub
Priority Queue

Node B Node B Node B Node B

MAC-hs RTT:
~10ms
RLC RTT
RTT:
~100ms
UE
Multiple ARQ loops at different levels

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 20


RLC Throughput Limit vs. RLC Window Size

Theoretical limit:
PHY >> RLC
RLC Th
Throughput
h t Limit
Li it vs. RLC Window
Wi d Size;
Si
RLC payload = 320bits; Parameter = RLC RTT [ms] Options to increase
14.00 data rate
‹ Increase PDU size/
12.00 RLC window
‹ Reduce RTT
10.00
bps]

8 00
8.00 80
Rmax [Mb

100
6.00 120

4.00

2.00 Limit to safely


avoid protocol
error.
0.00
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500
RLC Window Size [#PDUs]

HSDPA increases peak data rate significantly, while it does not reduce RLC RTT equivalently !

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 21


Enhanced Layer-2 Support for High Data Rates
‹ Release 6 RLC layer cannot support Traffic flow i for user k

new peak rates offered by HSPA+ 1500 byte IP packet


features such as MIMO & 64-QAM
RLC-AM
‹ RLC-AM
C peak rate
pea ate limited
ted to ~13
3
x19
Mbps, even with aggressive
settings for the RLC PDU size and
2 80 2 80 .. 2 80
Rel’6
RLC-AM window size RLC-AM PDU

MAC-hs
‹ Release 7 introduces new Layer-2
..
22 bits
features to improve HSDPA 2 80 2 80 2 80

‹ Flexible RLC PDU size MAC-hs PDU

‹ MAC-ehs
MAC h layer
l segmentation/
t ti / Traffic flow i for user k Traffic flow j for user k
reassembly (based on radio 1500 byte IP packet 1500 byte IP packet
conditions)
‹ MAC-ehs layer flow multiplexing RLC-AM
RLC AM RLC-AM
RLC AM

‹ Release 8 improves E-DCH 2 1500 2 1500


‹ MAC-i/ MAC-is RLC-AM PDU RLC-AM PDU

MAC-ehs Rel’7
1 1500 1500
MAC-ehs PDU

Layer-2 enhancements to support higher rates of HSPA+


UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 22
MAC-ehs in NodeB

MAC-ehs Functions (TS 25.321)


‹ Flow Control
MAC-d flows
‹ Scheduling/ Priority handling
MAC-ehs Scheduling/Priority handling
Priority Queue ‹ HARQ handling
distribution
‹ TFRC Selection

‹ Priority Queue Mux


Priority Priority Priority
Queue Queue Queue
MAC – Control

‹ Segmentation

Segmentt
S Segmentt
S Segmentt
S
ation ation ation

Priority Queue MUX

HARQ entity

TFRC selection

Associated Uplink Associated Downlink


HS-DSCH Signalling
Signalling

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 23


Evolved HSPA Architecture (1) – Objectives

‹ Further improve latency and bit rate with limited and controlled hardware and
software impacts

‹ Take advantage of these improvements as soon as today


‹ E.g. independently of the availability of the SAE Core

‹ Operate as a packet-only network based on shared channels only

‹ Backwards compatible with legacy terminals

‹ Simple upgrade of existing infrastructure (for both hardware, software)

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 24


Evolved HSPA Architecture (2) – Full RNC/NodeB collapse

‹ 2 deployment scenarios: standalone UTRAN or carrier sharing with


“legacy”UTRAN

Evolved HSPA- stand-alone Evolved HSPA- with carrier sharing

GGSN

GGSN
Iu
SGSN

SGSN RNC
Userplane: Iu/Gn
Control
(”one tunnel”) ” Legacy”
plane: Iu
UTRAN
Userplane: Iu/Gn
Control (”one tunnel”) Iur
plane: Iu EvolvedHSPA
NodeB

EvolvedHSPA Iur NodeB


NodeB NodeB

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 25


Evolved HSPA Architecture (3): Key features

‹ Optimal efficiency with all radio functions grouped together (Radio bearer
control, RRC, handover control, RLC/MAC)

‹ Optimisation of resources
‹ Central management
g of common channels

‹ Synergy with LTE


‹ RLC,
RLC RRC already in the nodeB+
‹ Ciphering and compression already in NodeB+ (with decision of PDCP in
LTE eNodeB)

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 26


Home NodeB – Background
‹ Home NodeB (aka Femtocell) located at
the customers premise
‹ Connected via customers fixed line
(e.g.
(e g DSL)
S )
‹ Small power (~100mW) to only
provide coverage inside/ close to
the building

‹ Advantages
UE
‹ Improved coverage esp. indoor

‹ Single device for home/ on the


move
‹ Special billing plans (e.g. home
zone)
Gateway
IP Network ‹ Challenges
‹ Interference

‹ Security

‹ Costs
Operator
CN

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 27


Home NodeB architecture principles based on extending Iu interface
down to HNB (new Iuh interface)

RAN Gateway Approach with new “Iuh” Interface


‹ A
Approach
h
Mobile CS/PS Core
‹ Leverage Standard CN Interfaces (Iu-
CS/PS)
/ )
Iu-CS/PS
CS/ S
‹ Minimise functionality within Gateway
RNC CN Interface RAN GW ‹ Move RNC Radio Control Functions to
Home NodeB and extend Iu NAS &
Iuh RAN control layers over IP network
‹ Features
NodeB HNB
‹ Security architecture
‹ Plug-and-Play approach
‹ Femto local control protocol
‹ CS User Plane protocol
‹ PS User Plane protocol
‹ FMS interface
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 28
Summary

‹ Enhancements for HSDPA & E E-DCH


DCH suggested for UMTS Rel.-7
Rel 7 & 8
‹ Investment protection for HSPA operators

‹ Fill the gap before deployment of LTE

‹ Provide alternative to LTE in some selected scenarios

‹ Improvements on capacity and performance


‹ Higher peak data rates

‹ Signaling improvements

‹ Architecture
A hi evolution
l i

‹ HSPA+ features were designed


g to provide
p a smooth evolution from Rel-99 or
Rel-5/Rel-6 HSPA by enabling:
‹ Backwards compatibility
‹ Legacy Rel
Rel-99/Rel-5/Rel-6
99/Rel 5/Rel 6 terminals can be supported on an HSPA+ carrier
simultaneously with HSPA+ traffic
‹ New HSPA+ terminals likely with support Rel-99 and/or Rel-5/Rel-6 HSPA
‹ Simple upgrade of existing infrastructure (for both HW & SW)

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 29


A Smooth Evolution to HSPA+

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

W-CDMA HSDPA HSUPA HSPA+


DL: 2 Mbps DL: 14.0 Mbps DL: 14.0 Mbps DL: 28.0 Mbps DL: 42.2 Mbps
UL: 384 kbps UL: 384 Kbps UL: 5.74 Mbps UL: 11.5 Mbps UL: 11.5 Mbps

HSPA+ HSPA+ Key Takeaways


IMPLEMENTATION
64-QAM DL/16-QAM UL, Higher Bit Rates & More than 2x HSPA peak rates,
MIMO, L2 enh., CPC 35-40% improvement in VoIP capacity
Increased Capacity

Enhanced CELL_FACH/ Reduced Delay Saves 100s of ms of setup delay


RACH/ Paging,
Architecture Coexistence with Rel99/HSDPA/HSUPA,
Enhancements SW upgrade to support HSPA+
HSPA+,
S
Smooth
th Evolution
E l ti tto HSPA
HSPA+
availability expected 2008-2009

Enhanced performance on W-CDMA/HSPA


W CDMA/HSPA through radio improvements and
architecture evolution; smooth migration to LTE
UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 30
HSDPA References

‹ Papers:
‹ A. Toskala et al: “High-Speed Packet Access Evolution (HSPA+) in 3GPP,”
Chapter 15 in Holma/ Toskala: WCDMA for UMTS, Wiley 2007
‹ R. Soni et al: “Intelligent Antenna Solutions for UMTS: Algorithms and
Simulation Results,” Communications Magazine, October 2004, pp. 28–39
‹ Standards
‹ TS 25.xxx series: RAN Aspects
‹ TR 25.308 “HSDPA: UTRAN Overall Description (Stage 2)”
‹ TR 25.319
25 319 “Enhanced Uplink: Overall Description (Stage 2)”
‹ TR 25.903 “Continuous Connectivity for Packet Data Users”
‹ TR 25.876 “Multiple-Input Multiple Output Antenna Processing for
HSDPA”
‹ TR 25.999 “HSPA Evolution beyond Release 7 (FDD)”
‹ TR 25.820
5 8 0 (Rel.-8)
( 8) “3G
3G Home
o NodeB
od Studyudy Item Technical
a Report”
po

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 31


Abbreviations

AICH Acquisition Indicator Channel Mux Multiplexing


AMR Adaptive Multi-Rate PARC Per Antenna Rate Control
BPSK Binary Phase Shift Keying PCI Precoding Control Information
CLTD Closed Loop Transmit Diversity
PDU Protocol Data Unit
CPC Continuous Packet Connectivity
CQI Channel Quality Information Rx Receive
DSL Digital Subscriber Line RTT Round Trip Time
E-RACH
E RACH Enhanced Random Access Channel SDU Service Data Unit
F-DPCH Fractional Dedicated Physical Control SAE System Architecture Evolution
Channel
GW Gateway S-CPICH Secondary Common Pilot Channel
HNB Home NodeB SDMA Spatial-Division Multiple-Access
HOM Higher Order Modulation SINR Signal-to-Interference plus Noise Ratio
HSPA High-Speed Packet-Access SISO Single-Input Single-Output
IA Intelligent Antenna
SM Spatial Multiplexing
LTE Long Term Evolution
Tx Transmit
MAC-ehs enhanced high-speed Medium Access
Control VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol
MAC-i/is improved E-DCH Medium Access 64QAM 64 (state) Quadrature Amplitude
Control
Modulation
MIMO Multiple-Input
p p Multiple-Output
p p

UMTS Networks Andreas Mitschele-Thiel, Jens Mückenheim WS 2008 32