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DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A RADIO

FREQUENCY (RF) REMOTE CONTROL TO A

HOME DEVICE

BY

SHEU, ARAZIM OLORUNDARE

03/30GC140

A PROJECT REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE


DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING,
FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
AND TECHNOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN.

IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR

THE AWARD OF A BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING.

(B. ENG) DEGREE. (HONORS) IN ELECTRICAL

ENGINEERING.
MAY, 2008

CERTIFICATION

This project is submitted in partial fulfillment of the


requirement of the Department of Electrical Engineering in the
Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Ilorin, for the
award of Bachelor of Engineering. (Hons.) Degree in Electrical
Engineering.

-------------------------- --------------------
Project Supervisor Date
Dr A. A Ayeni

------------------------- -------------------
Head of Department Date
Prof T.S Ibiyemi

---------------- --------------
External Examiner Date

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DEDICATION

This Project is dedicated to Almighty ALLAH (SWT), the source of

my inspiration and wisdom.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I am indeed very grateful to the creator of all creatures,
almighty Allah, for this boundless blessing and assistance.
I wish to express my deepest appreciation to all my esteemed
colleagues and friends, who advised and encouraged me as I
prepared this project work on how a radio frequency can be modify
to control a particular device. With gratitude, I thank Dr A.A Ayeni
for his support, contribution and encouragement throughout this
project work.
I am also appreciating my clew in general whose congeniality
and knowledge of resources have been of infinite value to me. In
addition, I am indebted to Alh Ibrahim Moyosoore, Mrs Bolaji. S
Abiodun, Engr Atanda, Engr Hamzat, Engr Musbau, Jimoh
kareemat, Jimoh Aminat, Sheu Afeez, Raheem T. Abdulraheem,
Bukola Rasheedat, M.J Hassan, August Comte and others who are
numerous to mention. I am most grateful.
Finally, a heartfelt thanks to my beloved parent Alh Sheu
Aminat and Late Alh Ahmad Tijani Sheu. I applaud their patience
and dedication to my vision.

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ABSTRACT

The project research involves the design and construction of a


Radio Frequency (RF) remote control system that can be used to
control an electrical device without the need for cable, but a wireless
radio communication medium.
This remote control system is a radio communication system
that has high transmission ability unlike wire communication
medium e.g. use of coaxial cable.
The device contains both the transmitter and the receiver
circuits. The transmitter consists of two switches that generate two
different tones through 555 timer connected in astable operation.
While the receiver consists of two outlets, one is connected to Power
Supply Unit (PSU) and the other bears the lamp holder in which a
light bulb is connected to. These two circuits resonate at same
frequency which is within the Frequency modulation (FM) range.
(88- 108) MHz. The tones generated depend on the switch depressed
by providing different resistance to a tone generator. The frequencies
of the tone are modulated and then transmitted through a radio wave
channel to the receiver where it is received, demodulated, decoded
and used to trigger a relay in order to switch ON/ OFF the power

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supplied to a home appliances or the controlled device connected to
the relay.
This project is designed to control electronic devices and
appliances within the sitting room, nearby rooms, poultry farm, and
street light. It is expected to have distance covered of about 10
meters in all direction from the point of use.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE
Title Page i
Certification ii
Dedication iii
Acknowledgement iv
Abstract v
Table of content vii
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Previous Methodology 2
1.2 Proposed Methodology 2
1.3 Motivation 2
1.4 Objectives 3
1.5 Thesis Outline 3
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature Review 4
2.1 Communication System 4
2.2 Transmitter 5
2.3 Transmission Channel 7

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2.4 Receiver 8
2.5 Wireless radio communication 8
2.6 Modulation Concept 9
2.7 Amplitude Modulation 10
2.8 Phase modulation 10
2.9 Frequency modulation 10
2.10 Basic component RF remote control 11
2.11 Tone generator/ Tone decoder 13
2.12 555 Timer as a tone generator (LM567) 15
2.13 Phase locked loop (PLL) as a tone decoder 16
2.14 Pre- emphasis and De- emphasis 17
2.15 Oscillator/ Modulator 18
2.16 Detector 19
2.17 TA2003 21
2.18 Flip flop 22
2.19 Set-reset flip flop 23
2.20 Relay 24
2.21 Power supply unit (PSU) 26
2.22 Transformer 26
2.23 Rectifier 27
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Design analysis and calculation 29

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3.1 Tone generating stage 29
3.2 Design for the oscillator/ modulating section 30
3.3 Design for the detecting stage 32
3.4 Design for the Decoding stage 34
3.5 Design for the relay circuit 35
3.6 Design calculation for power supply unit (PSU) 36

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Construction, performance test and problem encountered 39
4.1 Construction 39
4.2 Performance test 40
4.3 Problem encountered 40

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Conclusion and recommendation 42
5.1 Conclusion 42
5.2 Recommendation 43
REFERENCES 44

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