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SECTION A

[ 40 MARKS]
You are advised to spend 1 hour on this section.

1. Diagram 1 shows a cross section of a human eye.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan keratan rentas mata manusia.

Diagram 1
Rajah 1
(a) On Diagram 1, label structures, P, Q and R using the following words:
Pada Rajah 1,labelkan struktur-struktur, P, Q dan R menggunakan perkataan berikut:

Lens Retina Vitreous humour


Kanta Retina Gelemaca
(3 marks)
b) Draw lines to match each structure of the eye with its function.
Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap struktur mata dengan fungsinya.

Structure of the eye Function


Struktur mata Fungsi
(3 marks)
2. Table 1 shows the density of different liquids.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan ketumpatan beberapa jenis cecair

(a) The liquids then are poured into a gas jar and allowed to stand for a while.
Mark the positions of the liquids J , K, L and M in the gas jar in Diagram 2
Cecair-cecair tersebut dituangkan ke dalam balang gas dan dibiarkan seketika.
Tandakan kedudukan cecair J, K, L dan M dalam balang gas Rajah 2

Diagram 2 (2 marks)
i) Which liquid is the densest?
Cecair manakah yang paling tumpat?
…………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
ii) Predict the density of object X.
Ramalkan ketumpatan objek X.
………………………………………………………………………………………..
(1 mark)
(b) (i) Water has a density of 1g / cm³. Predict what will happen if turpentine with a
density of 0.9 g/cm³ is put in the water.
Air mempunyai ketumpatan 1g/cm³. Ramalkan apa yang berlaku sekiranya
turpentin dengan ketumpatan 0.9 g/cm³ dimasukkan ke dalam air.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)
(ii) Give a reason for your answer in 2.b(i)
Berikan alasan kepada jawapan anda 2.b(i)
………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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(1 mark)

3. Diagram 3 shows the organisms found in a paddy field.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan organisma ditemui disawah padi.

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

a) Construct a food chain formed by organisms in Diagram 3.


Bina rantaian makanan dibentuk oleh organisma dalam Rajah 3.

(1 mark)

b) Which of the organisms is known as:


Organisma manakah di kenali sebagai:

i) Producer ( pengeluar)
………………………………
ii) primary consumer ( pengguna pertama)
……………………………..
iii) secondary consumer (pengguna kedua)
………………………………
(3 mark)

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c) Table 2 shows the number of each organism found in the habitat.
Jadual 2 menunjukkan bilangan setiap organisma yang ditemui dalam habitat.

Organism Number of organism


P 10
Q 100
R 3
S 9000
T 35
Table 2

i) Match organisms P, Q, R, S, and T to the respective organisms in Diagram 3


Padankan organisma P, Q,R, S and T dengan organisma di dalam Rajah 3.
P :…………………………………………….
Q:…………………………………………….
R:…………………………………………….
S:……………………………………………..
T:……………………………………………..
(5 marks)
ii) Name the organism that is placed at the top of the pyramid of numbers in
this food chain.
Namakan organisma yang berada di bahagian atas pyramid number dalam
rantaian makanan tersebut.
………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark)

d) What will happen to the population of the rest of the organisms if:
i) all paddy plants are harvested?
Semua pokok padi dituai?
…………………………………………………………………………..
(1 mark)

ii) all frogs in the habitat died because of disease infection?


Semua katak dalam habitat mati disebabkan jangkitan penyakit?
……………………………………………………………………………………
.
(1 mark)

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4. Study the given chart below and answer the question about the daily energy
requirement for different individuals.

(a) Which group of individuals need the most energy?


Kumpulan individu manakah yang memerlukan tenaga paling banyak?
……………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

(b) Why does the child require a lot of energy for daily activities?
Kenapa kanak-kanak perlukan tenaga yang banyak untuk aktiviti harian mereka?
………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(c ) List 4 factors that influence a person’s need for energy.


Nyatakan 4 faktor yang mempengaruhi keperluan tenaga seseorang.
………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………...
……………………………………………………………………………………...
……………………………………………………………………………………...
[4 marks]

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5. Diagram 4 shows some animals.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan beberapa ekor haiwan.

a) State one external characteristic each of any three of animal J,K,L and M
Berikan satu cirri luaran bagi mana-mana tiga haiwan J,K,L and M.
i)………………………………………………………………..
ii)……………………………………………………………….
iii)………………………………………………………………
(3 marks)
b) Give one example each for invertebrates with
i) three pairs of jointed legs/ tiga pasang kaki bersendi
………………………………………………………………
ii) four pairs of jointed legs/ empat pasang kaki bersendi
……………………………………………………………….
(2marks)

6. Diagram 5 shows some interactions between living organisms S,T,U and V.


Rajah 5 menunjukkan sebahagian interaksi antara organisma hidup S,T,U dan V.

a) Name the interaction between living organism S,T,U and V.


Namakan interaksi antara organisma hidup S,T,U and V.
i)……………………………… ii)………………………………
iii)……………………………. iv)……………………………...
(4 marks)

b) Give one example of living organisms that show interaction of parasitism.

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Berikan satu contoh organisma hidup yang menunjukkan interaksi
parasitism.
………………………………………………………………………………………..
(1 mark)

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