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No.

Nama Obat Indikasi Efek Samping Kontra indikasi


Antibiotik

Cloxacillin/Dicloxacillin (Penisilin
1 Staphylococcal infection Alergi, GIT, Rash Hipersensitivitas
spektrum sempit tahan Pen-ase)

Streptococcal, Staphylococcal,
Hipersensitivitas,
2 Amoxycillin/CoAmoxiclav meningococcal infections, Alergi, GIT Mononukleosis Infeksiosa
syphilis, neurosyphilis
Perubahan hematologis,
Ceftriaxone (3rd generation Pneumonia, meningitis, Hipersensitivitas, Neonatus
3 Cephalosporin) pyelonephritis, and gonorrhea. reaksi kulit, gangguan dengan hiperbilirubinemia
pembekuan darah, flebitis

Urinary tract infections, soft GIT, Rash, fever, bone Gangguan ginjal atau hati,
tissue infections, bone and joint marrow suppression, hipersensitivitas, wanita hamil
4 Co trimoxazole infections, P jiroveci pneumonia, hyperkalemia, dan menyusui, bayi berusia
toxoplasmosis, nocardiosis. nephrotoxicity, SJS kurang dari 2 bulan, porfiria.

Community-acquired
5 Erythromycin, Azithromycin pneumonia, pertussis, GIT, hepatotoksisitas, QTc Hipersensitivitas.
Corynebacteria, and chlamydial prolongation.
infections

Effective in urogenital, GI tract, GIT, CNS, tendinitis and Hipersensitivitas, kehamilan,


6 Ofloxacine and some respiratory infections, cartilage (avoid in children),
limited use in tuberculosis Alergi anak

Aerobic gram-negative bacteria,


combinations with beta-lactams, Ototoksisitas,
7 Gentamycin Gonorrhea (spectinomycin, IM), nefrotoksisitas. Hipersensitivitas.
Tuberculosis (streptomycin, IM)

Depresi sumsum tulang,


Typhoid fever, meningitis, anemia aplastis, Gray Hipersensitivitas, gangguan
8 Chloramphenicol
rickettsia syndrome pada bayi, rash, fungsi hati dan ginjal.
GIT

Anti Fungi
Dermatophytosis, aspergillosis, GIT, gangguan fungsi hati,
1 Itrakonazole blastomycosis Steven Johnson Syndrome Hipersensitivitas

2 Terbinafin Mucocutaneous fungal GIT, CNS, Hepar, reaksi Hipersensitivitas.


infections kulit.

GIT, sakit kepala, parestesia,


3 Griseofulvin Dermatophytosis. peripheral nueuritis, mental Porfiria, gangguan fungsi hati,
hamil.
confusion

Anti Virus

Erythema, Gatal, Burning


1 Acyclovir Treatment and prophylaxis for sensation, Punctate Hipersensitivitas
HSV-I, HSV-2, and VZV keratitis, GIT, CNS, rash,
renal impairment

Desinfektan, Antiseptik, Kaustik


1 AgNo3 Caustic agents, antiseptic
Treatment and prevention of
2 Povidone Iodine wound infection: cuts, grazes,
burns, abrasions and blisters. peradangan, rasa panas,
kemerahan, bengkak, dan Hipersensitivtas
3 Hydrogen peroksida Antiseptic, desinfectant iritasi lokal

4 Selenium Sulfide Ptyriasis versicolor, seborrhoeic,


dermatitis, dan dandruff
redness, itchiness,
Genital Warts dan Condyloma vomiting, abdominal pain,
5 Podofilin Kehamilan, Hipersensitivitas
acuminata confusion, bone marrow
suppression, diarrhea
Vasokonstriktor / Dekongestan
1 Adrenaline Anaphylaxis, hemostatic, cardiac
arrest
2 Phenylprophanolamine
Tremor, palpitasi, sakit Hipertensi, glaukoma,
3 Pseudoephedrine
kepala hipertiroid
4 Phenylephrine Decongestant
5 Oxymethazoline
6 Ephedrine
Antihistamin

1 Dyphenhidramin

allergic symptoms and itchiness,


2 Chlorpheniramin Maleat the common cold, insomnia, Antikolinergik: Sedasi,
penglihatan kabur, mulut Asma Akut
motion sickness, and kering.
3 Loratadine extrapyramidal symptoms

4 Cetirizine

Anestesi Lokal
1 Lidocaine Infiltration, block, and surface reaksi lokal, hipotensi, GIT, Hipersensitivitas
anaesthesia, antiarrhytmia tremor, CNS

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