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# Index

Class Number
Candidate Name

## Preliminary Examination 2007

Secondary Four Express/Five Normal
Paper One
Monday 10 September 2007
2 hours
Candidates answer on the writing paper provided.
Electronic calculator
Writing paper (10 sheets)
Graph paper (1 sheet)

## READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST

Write your name, class and index number on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.

## Answer all the questions.

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal
place in the case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is
specified in the question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part
question.
The total number of marks for this paper is 80.
The use of an electronic calculator is expected, where appropriate.
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

## This document consists of 6 printed pages.

ANDSS Prelim 2007 4018/01 [Turn over
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Mathematical Formulae

1. ALGEBRA

## For the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 ,

− b ± b 2 − 4ac
x= .
2a

Binomial Theorem

n  n  n 
( a + b) n = a n +  a n −1b +  a n −2 b 2 +  +  a n −r b r +  + b n ,
1  2  r 

n  n!
where n is a positive integer and 
r 
 = (n − r )! r! .
 

2. TRIGONOMETRY

Identities

sin 2 A + cos 2 A = 1 .
sec 2 A = 1 + tan 2 A .
cos ec 2 A = 1 + cot 2 A .

## Formulae for ∆ ABC

a b c
= = .
sin A sin B sin C
a 2 = b 2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A .
1
∆ = bc sin A .
2

## ANDSS Prelim 2007 4018/01/PE2007 [Turn over

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1 The Venn diagram shows the number of pupils in a class of both boys and girls who
play games P, Q and R.
P Q

5
7 4
7
x 8

11

## (a) Find the number of pupils who play

(i) game Q only,
(ii) game Q and R but not P,
(iii) one game only. 

(b) If no girl in the class plays game R and more boys than girls play game Q,
find the least possible number of boys who play game Q. 

(c) If the number of pupils who play game R is greater than that who play
game P by at least 30%, find the greatest possible value of x. 

## 2 (a) Given that log a y = 3 + 2 log a x , express x in terms of a and y. 

1
x−
(b) Solve the equation 9 2
− 3 x +1 = 1 . 

3 The position vectors of two points A and B are i −2 j and −5i + 7 j respectively.
The point C lies on the line AB and its position vector is ki +j .

(a) Find the unit vector in the direction of A B .
(b) Find the value of k.
(c) Hence find the ratio AC : CB. 

## 4 Find the first three terms in the expansion of (1 − 2 x ) 6 in ascending powers of x,

simplifying the coefficients.
Given that the expansion (1 − 2 x) 6 (ax + b) is 3 + cx + 204 x 2 + ... , find the values
of a, b and c. 

## ANDSS Prelim 2007 4018/01/PE2007 [Turn over

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5 Two fruit stalls sell the same types of apples and mangoes.
An apple costs \$0.75 in Stall A while a mango costs \$2.60 in Stall B.
Alexis and Marven plan to buy the following quantities:

Apple Mango
Alexis 10 5
Marven 4 9

Alexis has to pay \$21.00 for her fruits regardless of whether she buys from Stall A or
Stall B.
10 5 0.75 x   21 21 
It is given that P =  
 , Q =
 y 
 and R =  .
4 9  2 .6   27 .3 26 .6 

## (a) Write an equation connecting P, Q and R.

(b) Explain the significance of the elements in the second row of matrix R.
(c) Find P −1 .
(d) Find the value of x and of y. Explain the significance of these values. 

## 6 (a) Given that x 3 − 2 x 2 + 12 x − 8 and x 3 + x 2 + 4 leave the same remainder when

divided by ( x + a ) , determine the value(s) of a.
Hence find this remainder. 

## (b) Show that 2 x 3 − 3 x 2 − x − 2 = 0 has only one real root. 

7 (a) Find all the angles between 0° and 360° which satisfy the equation
3 cos x = 2 + sec x . 

(b) On the same axes, sketch the graphs of the curve y = 2 cos 2 x and
3 2x  3π
the straight line y = 1 −  for values of x from 0 to .
4 π 2

State the number of values of x between 0 and which satisfy the equation
2
3( π−2 x ) = 8πcos 2 x . 

## ANDSS Prelim 2007 4018/01/PE2007 [Turn over

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dy 3x
8 Given that y = ( x + 2) x −1 , show that = .
dx 2 x −1
5 x +1
Hence, or otherwise, evaluate ∫ 2
x −1
dx .



9 A particle starts from a fixed point O and moves in a straight line with a velocity,
v m/s, given by v = 24 t − 6t 2 , where t seconds is the time after leaving O.
Calculate
(a) the initial acceleration of the particle,
(b) the value of t when the particle returns to O,
(c) the distance travelled when the particle returns to O,
(d) the position of the particle at the instant when t = 7 .


## 10 (a) The variables x and y are connected by an equation x + py = qxy , where

p and q are unknown constants.
Explain how the value of p and of q may be obtained from a suitable straight
line graph. 

(b) Answer this part of the question on a single sheet of graph paper.

The table below shows experimental values of two variables x and y, which are
b
known to be related by an equation of the form y = a x + , where a and b
x
are constants.

x 1 2 3 4 5
y 1.1 4.6 6.9 8.8 10.3

(i) Plot the graph of y x against x for the given data and use it to
estimate the value of a and of b.
(ii) By drawing another straight line on the same axes, solve the equation
ax + b = 5 . 

6

## 11 Answer only one of the following two alternatives.

EITHER

y
πx
y = sin
2
Q
x
y=
3
h

P
x
O

x πx
The diagram shows part of the line y = and part of the curve y = sin .
3 2
The point P lies on the line and the point Q lies on the curve.
The x-coordinate of both P and Q is r, where 0 ≤ r ≤ 2 .
The distance PQ is denoted by h.

## (b) Find the greatest value of h as r varies. 

(c) Given that r is increasing at a constant rate of 0.4 per second, find
3
the rate of change of h with respect to time when r = . 
4

## (d) Find, in terms of p, the approximate percentage change in h when

r increases from 1 by p%, where p is small. 

## ANDSS Prelim 2007 4018/01/PE2007 [Turn over

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OR
1 x
y y= e +k
4

R A

O 2 x

1
The diagram shows part of the curve y = e x + k which cuts the y-axis at R.
4
PQ is the normal to the curve at point P whose x-coordinate is 2.

e 2 +1 1
(a) Given that the area of the region A is , show that k = . 
4 4

e 2 +1

## (d) Hence evaluate ∫ 1

2
4 ln( 4 x −1) dx .