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Albanian Names for Herbs & Spices

English = Albanian
Baking Powder = Puder per kek
Baking Soda = Sode buke/ sode embelsir
Basil = Borzilok
Bay Leaf = Gjethe dafine
Brewers yeast = Maja Birre

Caraway = Qimnon
Cayenne = Piper/spec i kuq
Chili = Spece djeges
Cinnamon = Kanelle
Cloves, whole = Karafil Kokerr
Cloves, ground = Karafil i Bluar
Cocoa = Kakao pluhur
Coconut = Arre Kokosi
Curry = Keri

Dill = Koper
Dried Onion = Qepe e thate

Garlic = Hudher
Ginger = Xinxer, Xhenxhefil

Lentil = Thjerez

Mayonnaise = majoneze
Marjoram = Manxurane, Borzilok
Mint = Mender, Dhjozme, Nenexhik

Nutmeg = Arre Indi, Arremyshk e Bluar (ground) Nutmeg

Oregano = Rigon
Oatmeal = Bollgur, Tёrshёre, krunde, Miell Tёrshёre

Parsley = Majdanoz
Pepper = Piper
Peppercorn = Piper kokerr

Rosemary = Rozmarine

Sage = Sherebel
Sesame Seeds = Susam

Thyme = Trumze

Vanilla = Vanilje
Vinegar = Uthull

Yeast = Maja
Substitutions
1 square chocolate (1 oz.) = 3-4 Tbsp cocoa + ½ Tbsp oil
1 Tbsp Cornstarch (Thickening) = 2 Tbsp Flour
1 cup sifted all-purpose flour = 1 cup + 2 Tbsp sifted cake flour
1 cup sifted cake flour = 1 cup – 2 Tbsp sifted all- purpose flour
1 Tbsp dried onion = 1 small fresh onion
1 cup Cracker crumbs = 1 cup bread crumbs
1/8 tsp garlic powder = 1 small pressed clove of garlic
1 cup sour or heavy cream = 1/3 cup butter & 2/3 cup milk
1 tsp dried herbs = 1 Tbsp fresh herbs
1 lb whole dates = 1 ½ cup pitted & cut dates
1 cup sour milk = 1 cup sweet milk + 1 Tbsp vinegar/lemon OR 1 cup buttermilk
1 cup whole milk = ½ cup evaporated milk + ½ cup water
1 cup sweet milk = 1 cup sour milk or buttermilk + ½ tsp baking soda
BBQ Sauce = 1 part ketchup + 1 part coca-cola
2 ounces of compressed yeast = 3 (7g ¼ oz) packets of dry yeast
3 medium bananas = 1 cup mashed bananas
3 cups dry corn flakes = 1 cup crushed corn flakes
10 mini marshmallows = 1 large Marshmallow
1 cup honey = ¾ cup sugar + ¼ cup liquid
1 tsp baking powder = ¼ tsp baking soda + ½ tsp cream of tarter
1 tsp Pumpkin or Apple Seasoning = Mix ½ tsp cinnamon, ¼ tsp ginger, 1/8 allspice,
& 1/8 nutmeg (all grounded)
1 whole egg = 2 egg yokes + 1 Tbsp of water (if for custards don’t add water)
1 cup light corn syrup = 1 cup sugar + ¼ cup water
1 cup brown sugar = 1 cup white sugar + 2 Tbsp honey
1 lb cornstarch or cornmeal = 3 cups cornstarch or cornmeal respectively
1 cup plain yogurt = 1 cup sour cream
1 cup molasses = 1 cup honey
1 tsp fresh gingerroot = ¼ tsp ground ginger
1 cup tomato juice = ½ cup tomato paste + ½ cup water

Equivalent Chart
8-10 egg whites = 1 cup
12-14 egg yolks = 1 cup
1 cup un-whipped cream = 2 cups whipped cream
1 Lb. shredded cheese = 4 cups
1 lemon = ¼ cup lemon juice
1 orange = 1/3 cup orange juice
1 stick butter = ½ cup butter
1 lb. butter = 2 cups or 4 sticks of butter
1 lb. sugar = 2 cups sugar
1 lb. brown sugar = 2 ¼ cups packed
1 lb. flour = 4 cups sifted flour
28 saltine crackers = 1 cup cracker crumbs
4 slices bread = 1 cup bread crumbs
1 medium apple = 1 cup sliced or chopped apples
1 medium banana = 1 cup sliced
2 medium bananas = 2 cups smashed
1 cup uncooked rice = 3 cups cooked rice
7 ounces uncooked spaghetti = 4 cups cooked
4 ounces (1-1 ¼ cups) uncooked macaroni = 2 ¼ cups cooked
1 lb. unshelled walnuts = 1 ½ cups shelled