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# FOR EDEXCEL

GCE Examinations

Core Mathematics C4
Paper F

MARKING GUIDE

## This guide is intended to be as helpful as possible to teachers by providing

concise solutions and indicating how marks could be awarded. There are
obviously alternative methods that would also gain full marks.

Method marks (M) are awarded for knowing and using a method.

Accuracy marks (A) can only be awarded when a correct method has been used.

## Written by Shaun Armstrong

 Solomon Press

These sheets may be copied for use solely by the purchaser’s institute.

C4 Paper F – Marking Guide

dy dy
1. 4x + y + x − 2y =0 M1 A2
dx dx
dy
SP: = 0 ∴ 4x + y = 0, y = −4x M1 A1
dx
sub. 2x2 − 4x2 − 16x2 + 18 = 0 M1
x2 = 1, x = ± 1 ∴ (−1, 4), (1, −4) A2 (8)

dx
2. x = 2 tan u ⇒ = 2 sec2 u M1
du
x = 0 ⇒ u = 0, x = 2 ⇒ u = π
4
B1
π π
4 tan 2 u
∫0 × 2 sec2 u du = ∫0 2 tan2 u du
4 4
I = A1
4sec2 u
π

∫0 (2 sec2 u − 2) du
4
= M1
π
= [2 tan u − 2u] 04 M1 A1
π 1
= (2 − 2
) − (0) = 2
(4 − π) M1 A1 (8)

25 − 12 24 4 2 2
3. (a) = ( 24 ) = 25
= 25
×6 = 5
6 [k= 5
] M1 A1

( − 12 )( − 32 ) ( − 12 )( − 23 )( − 25 )
(b) = 1 + ( − 12 )( 12 x) + 2
( 12 x)2 + 3× 2
( 12 x)3 + … M1
3 2
=1− 1
4
x+ 32
x − 5
128
x3 + … A3

− 12 − 12
(c) x= 1
12
⇒ (1 + 1
2
x) 1
= (1 24 ) = 2
5
6
− 12
x= 1
12
⇒ (1 + 1
2
x) ≈1− 1
4
( 121 ) + 3
32
( 121 )2 − 5
128
( 121 )3 M1
= 0.97979510
5
∴ 6 ≈ 2
× 0.97979510 = 2.44949 (5dp) M1 A1 (9)

4. (a) 4s = −7 − 3t (1)
7 − 3s = 1 (2)
−4 + s = 8 + 2 t (3) M1
(2) ⇒ s = 2, sub. (1) ⇒ t = −5 B1 M1
check (3) −4 + 2 = 8 − 10, true ∴ intersect A1
intersect at (7j − 4k) + 2(4i − 3j + k) = (8i + j − 2k) A1
4 × (−3) + (−3) × 0 + 1× 2
(b) = cos−1 M1 A1
16 + 9 + 1 × 9 + 0 + 4
−10
= cos−1 = 57.0° (1dp) M1 A1 (9)
26 × 13

 Solomon Press
C4F MARKS page 2

dx dy
5. (a) = 1× (2 − t ) − t2× (−1) = 2 2 , = −(1 + t)−2 M1 B1
dt (2 − t ) (2 − t ) dt
dy 2
2−t 
2
= − 1 2 ÷ 2 2 = − (2 − t ) 2 = − 12   M1 A1
dx (1 + t ) (2 − t ) 2(1 + t )  1 + t 

(b) t = 1, x = 1, y = 1
2
, grad = − 18 B1
15
∴ y − 12 = 8(x − 1) [ y = 8x − 2
] M1 A1
(c) x(2 − t) = t M1
2x
2x = t(1 + x), t = A1
1+ x
1 1+ x 1+ x
y= 2 x
= ∴y= M1 A1 (11)
1 + 1+ x (1 + x ) + 2 x 1 + 3x

6. (a) = ∫ (sec2 x − 1) dx M1
= tan x − x + c M1 A1
sin x du
(b) = ∫ cos x
dx, let u = cos x,
dx
= −sin x M1

1 1
= ∫ u
× (−1) du = − ∫
u
du A1
= −lnu + c = lnu−1 + c = lnsec x + c M1 A1
π
(c) volume = π ∫ 3
x tan2 x dx M1
0
u = x, u′ = 1, v′ = tan2 x, v = tan x − x M1
I = x(tan x − x) − ∫ (tan x − x) dx A1
= x tan x − x2 − lnsec x + 1
2
x2 + c A1
π
volume = π[x tan x − 1
2
x2 − lnsec x] 0 3

= π{( 13 3 π − 1
18
π2 − ln 2) − (0)} = 1
18
π2( 6 3 − π) − π ln 2 M1 A1 (13)

dV dV
7. (a) = −kV, = 10πh − πh2 B2
dt dh
dV dV dh dh
= × ∴ −kV = (10πh − πh2) M1
dt dh dt dt
dh
− 13 kπh2(15 − h) = πh(10 − h)
dt
dh dh kh(15 − h)
−kh(15 − h) = 3(10 − h) ∴ =− M1 A1
dt dt 3(10 − h)
3(10 − h) A B
(b) ≡ + , 3(10 − h) ≡ A(15 − h) + Bh M1
h(15 − h) h 15 − h
3(10 − h) 2 1
h = 0 ⇒ A = 2, h = 15 ⇒ B = −1 ∴ ≡ − A2
h(15 − h) h 15 − h
3(10 − h) 2 1
(c) ∫ h(15 − h)
dh = ∫ −k dt, ∫ (
h

15 − h
) dh = ∫ −k dt M1
2 lnh + ln15 − h = −kt + c M1 A1
t = 0, h = 5 ⇒ 2 ln 5 + ln 10 = c, c = ln 250 M1
2 lnh + ln15 − h − ln 250 = −kt
2
h2 (15 − h)
ln h (15 − h) = −kt, = e−kt, h2(15 − h) = 250e−kt M1 A1
250 250
(d) t = 2, h = 4 ⇒ 176 = 250e−2k M1
k = − 12 ln 176
250
= 0.175 (3sf) M1 A1 (17)

Total (75)
 Solomon Press
C4F MARKS page 3

Performance Record – C4 Paper F

## Question no. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total

Topic(s) differentiation integration binomial vectors parametric integration differential
series equations equation,
partial
fractions

Marks 8 8 9 9 11 13 17 75
Student

 Solomon Press
C4F MARKS page 4