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WI-FI

The IEEE 802.11 working group published the 802.11 standard for wireless
LANs in 1999.802.11b is a supplement to 802.11 that specifies a higher data
rate and is currently the industry-accepted standard for WLANs. 802.11b
products that meet a base standard of interoperability are certified by
the Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance (WECA) with the Wi-Fi logo.

Several IEEE 802.11 working groups are creating standards for improvements
in data rates, quality of service, and security. Options for higher data rates will
soon be available as 802.11a and 802.11g products begin to appear on the
market. The 802.11e working group will be publishing recommendations for
adding quality of service features to 802.11 as well.

An understanding of some basic radio frequency (RF) principles will help


ensure a successful network design. Range is limited by the physical nature of
RF energy to disperse as the distance from the transmitter increases, as well as
its tendency to be absorbed by materials such as walls and furniture. Range also
decreases as data rate is increased. WLANs are unregulated in the sense that
users are not required to be licensed. However, characteristics of the equipment
itself, such as transmitter power and how the signal is transmitted, are governed
by the FCC.

The need to carry some specific tasks by using hardware and software made the
advent of Embedded Systems. This paper presents, Definition, Typical
Embedded Systems Organisation, considering a digital camera as example,
Different Categories of Embedded Systems and Practical Requirements of
Embedded Systems.

The future of technology at times becomes easier to predict. Computers will


compute faster, materials will become stronger and medicine will cure more
diseases. The technology that works at the nanometer scale of molecules Atom
will an enable part of this future, enabling great improvements in future, it must
be used in all the fields, in which the human present.

Nanotechnology will touch our lives right-out to the water we drink and the air
we breathe. Once we have ability to capture position and change the
configuration of the molecule, we would be able to create filtration systems that
will scrub the toxins from the air or remove hazardous organisms from the
water we drink.

Space will always open up to us in new ways. With the current cost of
transporting pay loads into space being as, high as $20,000 per kg, little is being
done to take the advantage of space. Nanotechnology helps us to deliver more
machines of smaller size and greater functional it into space, paving the way for
solar system expansion. The application of nanotechnology might even allow us
to adapt our body for survive in space.

We will able to expand control of systems from the macro level to the micro
level and beyond, while simultaneously reducing the cost associated with
manufacturing of products.

In this paper, the basics of capturing an image, image processing to modify and
enhance the image are discussed. There are many applications for Image
Processing like surveillance, navigation, and robotics. Robotics is a very
interesting field and promises future development so it is chosen as an example
to explain the various aspects involved in Image Processing .

The various techniques of Image Processing are explained briefly and


the advantages and disadvantages are listed. There are countless different
routines that can be used for variety of purposes. Most of these routines are
created for specific operations and applications. However, certain fundamental
techniques such as convolution masks can be applied to many classes of
routines. We have concentrated on these techniques, which enable us to adapt,
develop, and use other routines and techniques for other applications. The
advances in technology have created tremendous opportunities for visual
system and image processing. There is no doubt that the trend will continue into
the future.