Anda di halaman 1dari 19

ANNEXURE XIII

POWER- CITY NEED AND SUPPLY

1.0

Introduction
Thane Municipal Corporation area having population more than 15 Lakhs is passing through a phase of continuous and rapid development in residential complex, commercial complex and industrial activities. It is well known fact that the availability of adequate, uninterrupted and quality power plays crucial role in development of any city. The consumption of electricity per capita is one of the important indicators for deciding the development of any city. All the civic amenities and utilities are dependent on availability of power.

Presently, Govt. of Maharashtra has designated 'Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd' (MSEDCL) as a licensee to distribute the electric power in Thane Municipal Corporation area.

2.0 2.1

Present scenario Power requirement and Infrastructure of MSEDCL for TMC area ;
At present there are 27 nos. of 22/11kV transformers with installed

capacity of 215 MVA . The peak demand is 190 MW. This capacity is just enough to feed the present load & it will not be sufficient to meet future demand. Further the 22kV network is 30-40 years old & deteriorated causing frequent Interruptions. The 11 kV cable network is also old & deteriorated. The tower & 22 kV lines are also old & rusted. As regards distribution transformers , it is are loaded Up to 70 to 80 % hence it is seen that almost all the DTCs

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------464

necessary to add more DTC to have flexibility & avoid long interruption due to failure of any DTC.

2.1.1 Profile of Infrastructure of MSEDCL for TMC area. A B C D E F G H I J K L 22/11 KV S/s 22/22 KV Switching station 22 KV feeders 11 KV feeders 22 KV feeders length in Km 11 KV feeders length in Km L.T. Line length in Km. O/H L.T. Line length in Km. U/G H.T./ L.T. Ratio Peak demand in MW Total No of Consumers Energy consumption in Mus 11 2 27 59 362 196.5 302.1 1210 1 : 2.71 190 379277 770.63

2.1.2 Consumers
Category wise Consumers, Energy Billed, Connected Load Particulars No. of consumers Connected load In MW Energy Billed in Mus

Domestic Commercial Industrial Agricultural Others(STLT,PWW) HT Consumers TOTAL

332664 39153 6470 163 470 357 379277

390.11 64.74 71.91 5.29 5.29 537.34

403.55 110.08 50.84 4.01 5.29 196.86 770.63

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------465

2.1.3 Sources of power supply At present TMC area is fed from 5 Nos. of 220/22 kV rec. Station. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 220/22kVEHV Mulund Res. Stn. 220/22kVEHV Salsatte (MSEB) (150 MVA) (TATA) (225 MVA)

220/22kV EHV Colourchem R/Stn (MSEB) (150MVA) 220/22kV EHV Patlipada R/Stn 220/22kV EHV Kalwa R/Stn (MSEB) (100MVA) (MSEB) (100MVA)

The transformation capacity at present is 725 MVA. 2.1.4 Sub Transmission and distribution system The salient features of the sub transmission and distribution system are: * Sub Stations 22/11kV kV sub stations: Dist. Transformers : * HT consumers Nos of HT consumers * Feeders: 22KV Underground feeders : 22 kV OH Tower line feeders: 11 kV feeders underground LT line overhead LT line underground * HT. LT Ratio * Power factor * Diversity factor * Load factor 11 Nos with 205 MVA capacity 866 with 441.14 MVA capacity

357 Nos with 100 MVA C.D 1 NO with 4 KM in Length 26 Nos with 358 Km Length 59 nos with 196.5 km length 302.1 km length 1210 Km length 1 : 2.17 0.9 1.25 0.7

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------466

2.1.5 Performance : The average cost of supply of power to the area is Rs. 2.58 Per unit, while average revenue realization is Rs. 3.6 Per unit. The details of

the power purchased and revenue realized is as under.

Input Energy Metered Assessed Energy billed

( year 2003-04)

1074.56 Mus 770.63 Mus 770.63 NIL Rs. 31546.14 Lakh Rs 27746.73 Lakh 25 Nos Mus

Energy consumption

Revenue realized Nos of complaint centers.

2.1.6 Transmission and Distribution losses: Aggregate transmission and distributi on losses: Loss Estimated Tech Loss Loss in Mus 85.98 Loss in % 8.0 20.28 28.28

Estimated Comm. 217.95 Loss Estimated Total Loss 303.93

2.2

Power requirement for TMC's Utilities:


The present electrical power requirement of TMC is as follows; Connected load (MW) 7.275 1.192 Energy Cons. in Unit (kWh in lacs p.a.) 155.87 29.97

Sr. No. 1 2

Utility Street lights Administrative Buildings

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------467

3 4 5

Hospital Drinking water pumping Sewage water pumping TOTAL

1.265 6.634 1.299 17.665

17.99 205.63 10.66 420.12

3.0

Initiatives for power supply improvement.

3.1 Improvement in power supply network of MSEDCL 3.1.1 Demand projections


The recorded historical power demand and energy requirements along with growth rate expected till year 2007 is as below

Year

2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 2005-2006 2006-2007

Peak demand (MW) 170 180 190 196.65 204.52 213.21

Energy Requirement (MkWh)

Growth Rate % 3.10% 3.50% 3.50% 4.05% 4.24%

1040.45 1054.51 1074.56 1126.34 1171.39 1218.25

3.1.2 Additional Sub transmission of 22 / 11 kV transformation capacity. At present there are 22 Nos. of 22 / 11 kV transformers with installed capacity of 205 MVA for connecting the load of LT Industrial, Commercial and Residential power and 11 kV and 22 kV HT consumers. But this installed capacity is not sufficient to meet the further load growth in coming years. To meet the future required load growth, 3 No. of 2 x 10 MVA 22 / 11 kV transformers Sub Stn. and 2 Nos of 22 / 11 kV augmentation to 20 MVA capacity is proposed to increase the total capacity of the sub transmission transformation capacity to 305 MVA which will be adequate to meet the future growth in demand. -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------468

3.1.3 Improvement in 22 kV feeders : At present there are 27 No. of 22 kV feeders, out of which 11 Nos are for the 22 / 11 kV sub stns. and for 22 kV H.T. consumers. 22 kV Upvan feeder is having old 22 kV 3 ph 95 sq.mm XLPE cable laid 20 years back and having No. of joints and hence breakdowns and interruptions are more. . Hence, replacement of the above cable by 22 kV 3C/ 300 sq.mm XLPE cable for 3 km is proposed. At present 22 / 11 kV Thane (E) Valmiki Receiving Stn. and Central Railway, Thane is feeding through the 22 kV tower line emanating from 220 / 22 kV Colourchem Receiving Stn. This tower line is 30-35 years old. Some of the towers of this feeder in the portion from Central Railway gantry are deteriorated and requires the immediate replacement. The D.P. structure is to be erected to terminate the tower line for connecting the cable to be laid upto Railway gantry structure. Similarly, the 22 kV O.H. 0.2 ACSR feeder from 220/22 kV Kalwa EHV S/S is feeding to 22/22 kV Bharat Gear S/s at Mumbra with single circuit causing over loading problem. To overcome this problem a new 22 kV / .2 ACSR HT circuit from Mahape S/s to Bharat Gear S/s is proposed. Also 22 kV new additional. O.H. feeder to Diva section is proposed from 220/22 kV Manpada Dombivli S/s. 3.1.4 Improvement in overloaded 11 kV Feeders : The 11 kV network in the Thane city is feeding with 59 No. of feeders having 197 kms in length, out of which 50 kms of 11 kV feeder is of PILC cable which is 35-40 years in service. Hence, frequent breakdowns are occurring on these feeders and hence the interruptions are more. This old cable is to be replaced and hence; Replacement of 45 km old PILC cable is proposed with 3C/ 300 sq.mm XLPE cable to make the system healthy and to avoid the breakdown and to minimize the interruptions. In addition to this new 11 kV feeders for 64 km length are proposed to inter-link the S/s to each other and for new transformer centers. The entire 11 kV network will be healthy and can take the further load and the interruptions can be avoided and consumers satisfaction can be achieved.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------469

3.1.5 Improvement in Distribution transformers capacity and LT network : At present the Thane city area is fed with 866 No. of Dist. transformers of various capacities with 1210 km of LT cable network of various sizes to feed the LT consumers. The LT cables are very old are laid before 25-30 years and having number of joints and needs replacement. Hence, 90 km of cable replacement is proposed. New LT cable laying for 65 km for new LT circuits are also proposed. The distribution transformers capacity is required to be enhanced by n 1) New DTC - 31 Nos. of 22kV (13 x 630 kVA) (10 x 500kVA) ( 8 x 315 kVA) Total DTC 82 Nos.of11kV (82 x 630 KVA) Total TOTAL 22KV&11KV capacity 2) By augmentation of the capacity of existing DTC to 630 kVA of 22/0.433kV- 36 Nos 1) 500 KVA to 630 kVA = 18 Nos 2) 400 KVA to 630 kVA = 6 Nos. 3) 315 KVA to 630 kVA = 12 Nos. Total DTC to 630 KVA of 11/0.433kV- 81 Nos. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 630 KVA to 750 kVA 500 KVA to 630 kVA 315 KVA to 630 kVA 400 KVA to 630 kVA 200 KVA to 630 kVA =12 Nos. =25 Nos. =20 Nos. =21 Nos. =03 Nos. Total (1440 kVA (3250 kVA (6300 kVA (4830 kVA (1290 kVA 17110 kVA ) ) ) ) ) (2340 kVA ) (1380 kVA ) (3780 kVA ) (7500 kVA ) 8190 kVA 5000 kVA 2520 kVA 15710 kVA 51660 kVA 51660kVA 67370 kVA

With addition to 91980 KVA capacity in distribution transformation capacity total capacity will be 533120 KVA which will be sufficient to cater the

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------470

load of future load. The interruption due to over loading will also be reduced.LT network of 1210 KM length having about 30 Km length of various sizes of cables of PILC type. In addition to above 60 KM LT cables are of having Nos. of joints. This results in frequent breakdown and interruption to the consumers. To avoid this replacement of total 90 KMs of LT cables are proposed herewith. New LT cable is to be laid for new DTC, interlinking etc.. for which LT cables of 65 Km in length is proposed. LT Pillars 470 Nos of various ways/types are also proposed to make existing LT distn. Systems healthy to cater future load growth. 3.1.6 Improvement in existing 22/11 kV substations The following 22/11 kV Rec. stations the 22 kV breakers, 11 kV switchgears, battery chargers are not in condition. The 22 kV breakers are of MOCB type and required more restoration period, thereby increasing the interruption. 11 kV switchgears are also 30-35 years of old and MOCB type. They do not withstand the current fault-level and thereby causing frequent flashovers. It also causes the accidents to persons working around. To re duce the downtime/breakdown period, also to have maintenance free 22 kV breakers and 11 kV switchgears the following replacements are proposed. As the new breakers, 11 kV switchgears have 30 Volt DC control level, suitable capacity of 30 Volt battery set with battery charger are also to be replaced. In some Rec. s/s. With 25-30 years old installed LT distribution system , is also required to be replaced.
Sr. No. 1 Name of R/s. 22/11 kV BAYER 22/11 kV SAKET 22/11 kV THANE(W) 22/11 kV WAGLE ESTATE THANE 22 kV Breaker 01 (Outdoor type)1000MVA 1600A VCB 02 (Outdoor type)1000MVA 1600A VCB 05(Outdoor type)1000MVA 1600A VCB 02 (Outdoor type)1000MVA 1600A VCB 11 kV Switchgear 01 set (3 IC+1BC +8 OG) 01 set (2 IC+1BC +08 OG) 01 set (3 IC+2BC +16 OG) -Battery charger -Other Items Earthing

&

&

01

Earthing

&

02

Earthing CTs 2 sets & Earthing

&

02

Due to the replacement of above, sluggish 22 kV meters and 11 kV switchgears all the 22/11 kV sub stations will be in healthy condition to meet the requirement of uninterrupted supply to the consumers.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------471

3.1.7 Capital Investment for improvisation of the power supply system of MSEDCL in TMC areaSUMMARY OF PROJECT

Name of scheme:

Accelerated Power Development Reforms programme for Thane. Thane Municipal corporation area. Existing Load 190 MW Proposed Load 270 MW 167.44 Crores

Area served

Load to be served:

Estimated cost:

EHV Sources:

1) 200/22 kV Colour Chem S/s. 2) 220/22 kV Patlipada S/s. 3) 220/22 kV Kalwa Rcg S/s. 4) 220/22 kV Mulund S/s. 5) 220/22 kV Tata Salsette.

Sr. No.

Item

Qty

Total Cost (Rs in Lacs) 901.59 1958.28 509.76 462.8 195.87 587.09 1305.17 68.15 1712.65 543.14 162.99 900.64

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

PART A New 22/11 kV S/s, 2 x 10 MVA 3 22KV Cable source to new 57 Km S/stns. Installation of 10 MVA I. Capacity 2Nos each at two S/stns. Renovation and Modernisation of 4Nos 22/11 kV sub stations Strengthening and up gradation of 94 Km sub-transmission. (22kV OH ) Strengthening and up gradation 18Km 22KV Cable (New) Strengthening and up gradation 39.9m 22KV Cable (Old) 22KV New line Overhead. 28Km Laying of new 11 kV XLPE 63.86Km cables Replacement of 11 kV old PILC 21.99Km Cables by XLPE Type cables New Distn. I. Centers 22/.4 (O/H) 31Nos New Distn .I. Centers 11/.4 82Nos Outdoor and Indoor type

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------472

Augmentation of DTC 22/.4 (O/H) 13 14 15 16


17 18 19

36Nos

137.34 318.612 2108.9 713.75


20.34 9.51 70 12686.59

Augmentation of DTC 11/.4 81 Nos Outdoor and Indoor type Conversion Of DTC 22/.4 to 11/.4 99 nos 38.25km level along with 11 kV Cable Replacement of old RMU/SFU/ISO 125Nos
Installation of meter on DTC 113Nos Modernization works 9 Nos Computerized complaint centers Consumer Facilitation Center 10 Nos Sub Total A PART B

Replacement of meters
19 20 21 Single Phase Meters Three Phase Meters Three Phase C.T. Meters Technical 180000 19000 1000 610.20 648.00 119.00

23 24 25 26 27 27

Laying of new LT cables Replacement of old LT cables by new cables Replacement of Old LT Pillars Modernization- LT fault locators HT fault locators Group Mobiles

65Km 90Km 470Nos 4 Nos 1 No 300Nos

1054.94 1473.88 94.36 16.00 23.68 18.00


4058.06 16744.65

Sub- Total-B Grand Total = Sub Total A + Sub Total B

Fund Provisions:Funds will be made available as below: Part A ( Funded by APDRP) 25% of part A cost 25% of part A cost 50% of part A cost Grant from G.O.I. Soft loan from G.O.I. Funding from REC/PFC

Part B (Funded by other means) 100 % of part B Funding from REC/PFC

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------473

3.2

Self sufficiency in power supply requirement of TMC utilities :


Thane Municipal Corporation has a ambitious plan of achieving self sufficiency in power requirement of the Municipal Corporation . Strategies A) B) Energy saving measures for reduction in consumption of power. Generation of power through renewable energy sources and utilization of same for various municipal utilities.

3.2.1 Energy saving measures * * Energy saving measures for reduction in consumption of conventional power. Energy saving measures already taken; Thane Municipal Corporation had initiated energy conservation measures from the year 2000-01 onwards and is pioneer in energy conservation activities in Municipal Corporation sector. It is constantly engaged in implementation of energy conservation measures for the last four consequent years. (Figures in Lacs) Sr. No. Year Total Energy Bill Energy saving Pf w. r.t. Base incentives Inves tment made Population covered

yaes 2000-1 Amount units

1 2 3 4 5

2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05

1014.05 793.04 704.98 648.94 675.22

--221.01 309.07 365.11 338.83

--62.62 62.96 72.84 65.04

-2.59 3.74 7.67 4.25

-10 6 29.27 17.25

--13.6 14.52 15.57 16.6

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------474

TOTAL

1234.02

263.46

21.25

65.52

The energy saving measures adopted are as follows 3.2.1.1 Street lighting

TMC has installed microprocessor based cyclic almanac timer in cont rol panels of streetlights, which switches ON/OFF street lights precisely at almanac time considering seasonal changes. During late nighttime need of lighting level is reduced due to reduction in vehicular and pedestrian traffic. These microprocessor based cyclic timer switches OFF street lights alternately at predetermined time and manner, say at certain roads 1/3 street lights are switched OFF alternately at 11.00 PM and further 1/3 street lights are switched OFF at 1.00 AM and remaining 1/3 street lights remain ON up to sun rise. 3.2.1.2 a) Municipal Buildings In case of HT connections power factor improving equipments have been provided and thereby incentive in electricity bill has been earned from state electricity board. Various measures have been undertaken for reduction in energy consumption of air conditioning machinery viz. providing timers for window AC, optimizing the use of central AC plant, improving the efficiency of chiller system, installation of FRP fan for cooling towers etc. Installation of energy efficient tri phosphor T tube lights with electronic -8 ballast . Thane Municipal Corporation has installed variable voltage variable frequency drive for water pumps & motors of central AC plants. This has resulted into 25% energy saving. 3.2.1.3 a) Water pumping Refurbishments of pumps have been carried out. The clearances of rotating parts of pumps have been reduced to designed parameters. This has resulted in 7.5 % increase in water delivery. Also kWh per MLD has reduced.Also inefficient pumps have been replaced by new one, wherever required.

b)

c) d)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------475

Thane Municipal Corporation has achieved energy saving of Rs, 12.34 croes in last four years and investment made on energy saving devices is Rs, 65.52 3.2.2 Energy saving measures in future 3.2.2.1 Street lighting

In the existing 3 phase microprocessor based energy saving timer system for street lighting, 1/3 rd and 2/3 lights are switched OFF and hence these energy saver timers are not suitable in slum areas. In such type of cases we propose to provide voltage dimming energy saving control panels for street lighting. Project Cost Completion Energy unit saving : Amount saving: 3.2.2.2 : Rs, 185 Lacs 2 years 24 lacs per annum Rs 60.00 lacs per annum

Indoor lighting

Replaceme nt of conventional tube light and ballast with energy efficient tri phosphor T-8 tube lights with electronic ballast . Project Cost Completion Energy unit saving : Amount saving: 3.2.2.3 Water pumping : Rs, 22.5 Lacs 2 years 2.34 lacs per annum Rs 7.05 lacs per annum

Installation of variable voltage variable frequency drive for automation of water pumping . Project Cost Completion : Rs, 40 Lacs 2 years

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------476

Energy unit saving : Amount saving:

2.83 lacs per annum Rs 8.5. lacs per annum

3.2.3 Generation of power through renewable energy sources and utilization of same for various municipal utilities.

3.2.3.1

Solar energy Installation of Solar water heating system (19,050 LPD) at hospital

and nursing institute.

Thane Municipal Corporation has commissioned solar water heating system of capacity 19050 L.P.D. in Financial year 2003-04 at Chhattrapati Shivaji Maharaj Hospital, Kalwa & Sou. Meenatai Thackeray Nursing Training Institute.

Project Cost Completion

Rs. 17.4 Lacs 6 months 2.82 lacs per annum Rs . 9.0. lacs per annum

Energy unit saving : Amount saving:

TMC has also installed 4450 LPD solar assisted water heating system at various municipal buildi ng. Thane Municipal Corporation has already prepared and submitted project report on installation of Solar power based Central AC Plant (2 X90 T) for Chhattrapati Shivaji Maharaj Hospital and Rajiv Gandhi Medical College Kalwa. The project has been scrutinised by MEDA and recommended to MoNEs under R&D project for getting 50 % grant from MoNES.. This will be the first project of it's kind in India and perhaps in the world.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------477

3.2.3.2

Production of Methane gas from Bio degradable waste Thane Municipal Corporation has commissioned 20 T capacity Methane gas from biodegradable waste through private participation. This plants produces 1.83 lacs kg Methane gas per annum. The equivalent amount of this generated methane gas would be around Rs. 76.5.00 lacs per annum. This gas is being utilized for various heating applications in hospital such as Boiler, canteen, etc. resulting into reduction in consumption of conventional fuel i.e., Diesel.

3.2.3.3

POWER

GENERATION

FORM

MUNICIPAL

LIQUID

WASTE

(SEWAGE), MUNICIAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) AND BIOMASS (AGRO / AGRO INDUSTRIAL RESIDUES) IN THANE, MAHARASHTRA I. POWER GENERATION FROM SEWAGE 350 MLD Total Sewage generation Basic Assumptions BOD 300-350 mg/lit COD 350-400 mg/lit TSS 300 mg/lit Technology Biomethanation Followed Treatment. Total suspended solids (Assumed 105000 kg that 80% of all the suspended solids are volatile solids) Total Volatile Solids 84000 Kg Total VS reduction - 70% 58000 kg Biogas generation Biogas composition Methane Carbon Dioxide Hydrogen Sulphide Moisture and Nitrogen GCV of Biogas Expected biogas yield 35000 Cum/day 55% - 60% 35% - 40% 0.5% - 1% 5% - 8% 4800 Kcal/Nm3 0.8 m3/kg of BOD reduced from sewage 0.60 m3 / kg of VS destroyed

by

Aerobic

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------478

Gas generated Calorific value Electrical efficiency Electricity Generation Auxiliary power requirement Net energy available for sale Power plant installed capacity PROJECT COST ANNUAL INCOME Income from Power generation Net Generated units 79000 kwh / day @ Rs. 4.00 / unit Income from Manure Revenue from sale of manure @ Rs. 1500 / MT x 70 MT /Day ) ANNUAL O& M COST NET ANNUAL INCOME
II.

35000 + 5% m 3 / day 6.00 kWh/m 3 30% 63000 kWh/day + 5% 6000 kWh/day 57000 kWh/day + 5% 3.00 MW Rs. 125 135 Crores Rs. 13.82 Crores Rs. 10.42 Crores Rs. 3.40 Crores Rs. 1.38 Crores Rs. 12.44 Crores

POWER GENERATION FROM MSW

Total MSW generation 800 TPD Total Segregated Organic Waste 250 TPD Generation Waste Characteristics Total solids (TS) = 15% Total Volatile Solids = 78% of TS Type of process Biomethanation Process Segregated Organic Waste 250 TPD 15% Total solids 78% of TS = 29250 kg Total Volatile Solids Biogas generated 14000 m3 Biogas composition 55% - 60% Methane 35% - 40% Carbon Dioxide 0.5% - 1% (Scrubber will be installed to Hydrogen Sulphide Remove Hydrogen Sulphide) Moisture and Nitrogen 5% - 8% GCV of Biogas 4800 Kcal/Nm3 Expected biogas yield 55-60 m 3 / ton of solid waste loaded 0.60 m3 / kg of VS destroyed

Gas generation Calorific value

14000 + 5% m3 / day 6.00 kWh/m 3

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------479

Electrical efficiency Electricity Generation Auxiliary power requirement Net energy available for sale Power plant installed capacity PROJECT COST ESTIMATES ANNUAL INCOME Income from Power generation Net Generated units 24000 kwh / day @ Rs. 4.00 / unit

30 % 25200 kWh/day + 5% 1200 kWh/day 24000 kWh/day + 5% 2.25 MW Rs. 25.00 Crores Rs. 4.48 Crores Rs. 3.16 Crores

Income from Manure Rs. 1.32 Crores Revenue from sale of manure (i.e. @ Rs. 2000/- MT x 20 MT /Day) ANNUAL O&M EXPENDITURE Rs. 00.48 Crores NET ANNUAL INCOME Rs. 4.00 Crores
ABOUT BIOMETHANATION PROCESS The BDO and COD in the sewage wastewater and total solids in the organic waste decompose rapidly (i.e. is highly putrescible) and therefore these wastes can be treated by biomethanation process (more commonly called Anaerobic Digestion, AD) in more effective manner. In this method, the liquid and solid waste is treated in closed vessels where, in the absence of oxygen, microorganisms break down the organic matter into a stable residue, and generate a methane-rich biogas in the process. This biogas can then be used as a source of renewable energy to produce electricity. The solid residue which remains after biomethanation process comprises solid / fibrous material and liquid, which can be separated and rendered to meet local needs. The fiber represents an effective organic material, which can be sold as manure or blended into organic compost. The aqueous liquor is a nutrient-rich fertilizer, which can be used to recycle nutrients back to agricultural land. The treated waster is then further treated using Diffused Aeration and Chlorine disinfection methods. Therefore, in this particular case, treated liquor discharge can be permitted to water sources. THE ADVANTAGES OF BIOMETHANATION PROCESS Treated water conforms to river disposal norms laid down by MPCB. Generation of a Renewable Energy sources in the form of Biogas Environmental benefits Reduced land requirement Reduction in odor, vermin, etc Reduced greenhouse gas emissions Recycling of organic matter and nutrients Reduction in quantity requiring subsequent disposal, reuse potential of the -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------480

remaining faction Reduction of pathogens and weed seed in the waste applied to land

III. POWER GENERATION FROM BIOMASS Proposed Plant Capacity 5 MW Technology Combustion Location (proposed) At. Vada, Tal. Vada, District: - Thane. Project Cost Rs. 2193.00 Lakh Promoters Equity 30% Debt Equity Ratio 70 : 30 Promoters Equity Rs. 658.00 Lakh Term Loan Rs. 1535.00 Lakh Particulars Rs. in Lakhs Land & site Development 39.00 Civil Works 180.00 Plant & Machinery 1414.00 Misc. Fixed Assets 122.00 Preoperative Expenses 88.00 Technical know how Fees 30.00 Contingency 81.00 Project Cost before IDC & 1954.00 WMM Interest During 156.00 Construction Margin Money for Working 83.00 capital Project Cost after IDC & 2193.00 WMM Agro residues such as Rice husk, Ragi stalks, wood cutting pieces, Sow dust, Subabhul, Juliflora and wood waste from cultivated & waste land, etc. I Year II Year III Year 35000 42500 50000 50 Cum/hr

Raw Materials

Quantity in Tones (Mt/Year) Water Requirement

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------481

Boiler Turbine Capacity Utilization Power Generated @ 85% capacity

45 Kg/cm2 5 MW , 11 kV I Year II Year III Year In Lakh Units

- 70% - 80% - 85%

Gross 37.22 Mkwh Saleable 33.50 MKwh Selling Price first year (Rs/Kwh) Rs. 3.18 Third Party Sale Not Applicable Average Generation Price Rs. 2.69 per Kwh DSCR - Average 1.83 IRR 11.80 % Financial projections for 1st to 5th I Year II Year years Turn Over (In Crores) 8.72 10.21 Gross Profit 3.13 4.00 Interest 1.75 1.68 Depreciation 1.00 1.00 Net Profit 0.37 1.31 Net Cash Accruals 1.37 2.31 Pay Back Period 5.5 Yrs.

III Year IV Year 10.92 4.37 1.47 1.00 1.89 2.89 11.05 4.37 1.25 1.00 2.11 3.11

V Year 11.18 4.37 0.86 1.00 2.32 3.32

IV. HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION It is proposed to install hydroelectricity plant at proposed Shai dam of TMC. The preliminary survey and feasibility studies are to be undertaken in near future. Thus Thane Municipal Corporation has set its vision of self sufficiency in power sector by adopting various measures and by implementing the various projects as discussed above.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------482