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Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Exercise No. 1
1.0 2.0 TITLE: - Structural design and drawing of any one of single storeyed building PRIOR CONCEPT: Simple supports, types of beam, types of slab, types of column, types of footing, types of stairs.

3.0

NEW CONCEPT: Proposition 1 :


Positioning the column for given architectural plan.

Proposition 2 :
Reference plan at roof level consisting direction of slab serial numbering of beams & serial numbering of column.

Proposition 3 :
Reference plan at lintel level consisting of lintel beams and cantilever slabs.

Proposition 4 :
Staircase design and drawing doglegged stair case,

Proposition 5 :
Plinth level consisting serial numbering of beams.

Proposition 6 :
Reference plan at foundation level consisting of serial numbering of footing.

Proposition 7 :
Design of all structural members. Design of structural members includes design of one-way, two-way & cantilever slab, flanged beam, rectangular beam, shear design, design of dog- legged staircase, design of axially loaded short column & design of footing.

4.0

CONCEPT STRUCTURE: Proposition - 1

Proposition - 2

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

Proposition - 3

Proposition - 4

Proposition - 5

Proposition - 6

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Proposition - 7

5.0

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
5.1 Intellectual Skill
5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.1.4 To locate and orient column To understand specification given in IS Code To understand the design procedure of all structural element To understand the schedule of reinforcement. To draw plan at roof level To draw plan at lintel level To draw plan at plinth level. To draw plan at foundation level. To draw structural layout.

5.2

Motor Skill
6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3 6.2.4 6.2.5

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

6.0

APPARATUS:
Drawing sheets and drawing instrument

6.1

Information Input
SBC of soil Loads on the structure Grade of concrete and steel

6.2

Basic Design Data : (Information Input)


Architectural drawing sample taken, to be approved from the subject teacher Sample building Concrete grade Tor steel grade Grade of Steel : : : : Single storey . . . Mild steel bars used for 6mm stirrups in Beams, 6mm distribution bars in slab And 6mm lateral ties in column. Concrete density = Steel density = .kN/ m3 78.50 kN/m3

Safe bearing capacity of the soil = Taking help from subject teacher & discussion, mark the following for given architectural plan.: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Positioning of columns & serial numbering of columns. Types & directions of slabs. Numbering of beams. At lintel level positioning of lintel beams and cantilever slabs. Positioning & type of Staircase.(Doglegged stair case) At Plinth level serial numbering of beams. At foundation level serial numbering of footing.

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

7.0

DESIGN OF ONE WAY SLAB


7.1 Data :
Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Slab mark =.. Design constant a) Grade of concrete =. Shorter span = b) Grade of steel = .

7.2

d =

span 20 x M.F.

= =

Overall depth (D) = d + /2 + cover = ........................mm Say .....................mm Effective depth (d) = D - /2 - cover = ............. - ......... - = ..mm. Clear span of the slab lc = Effective span of the slab leff = lc + d = . + = Or leff = lc + t/2 + t/2 Minimum of above leff = = . + + . =

7.3

Loads calculations: Consider 1 m wide strip i) Self weight of slab = = ii) iii) Super imposed load Floor finish = = = = 1 x 1 x D x 25 =.. ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m W x 1.5

Total Load (W=i+ii+iii) Factored Load (Wd) Factored bending moment Mu

= ......... X 1.5 = ..kN/m

= .......................kN - m = ..Nmm. Check for depth Mu d = ..................... fck bd2 =

= mm < d Assumed hence o.k.

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

7.4

Main steel

= . =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = Area of one bar Area of Steel x 1000 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

= X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm.

Provide mm bars @ mm c/c

7.5

Distribution Steel : Use M.S. bars.


= = = 0.15 % of Ag. 0.15 100 x Ag.

m m2

Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = = Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 5 d = 5 x . = mm 450 mm. Area of one bar Area of dist.. Steel x 1000

X 1000 mm

Provide . mm bars @ mm c/c

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11

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

7.6

Check for shear


Fact. Shear force Vu = WL 2 = _________ = .kN Nominal shear stress v = = _________________ = N/ mm2

v % Steel at support =

50 % of main steel at mid span. =

Pt

% K =..

According to IS 456 - 2000 for Pt = c c

Fe 415 &

= N/ mm 2 = K x c = .. =..N / mm 2 >v Hence O.K.

7.7

Check for development length


Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd = . Ld M0 M0 V0 L0
= . =

mm

= 0.87 fy Ast ( d -

= = .. KN-mm = .kN = d or 12 or can be considered as 0 = .. 1.3 + L0 = . = .mm Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

Provide development length = Ld/3 = = mm From the face of wall.

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

7.8

Summary of design :
1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

8.0

DESIGN OF TWO WAY SLAB


8.1 Data :
Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = ..Slab mark = . Design constant a) Grade of concrete =.b) Grade of steel =.. Short span lx Long span ly = .m. = ..m.

8.2

= =

= .

Overall depth (D) = d + /2 + cover = ........................mm Say .....................mm Effective depth (d) = D -

/2 - cover

= ............. - ......... - = ..mm. Effective depth for longer span = d = d - /2 = = . mm

Clear span for shorter span lx = mm Effective span of the slab l x eff = lx + d = . + = Or l x eff = lx + t/2 + t/2 = . + + . =

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13

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

Minimum of above lx eff = mm Clear span for longer span ly = ..mm Effective span of the slab l yeff = ly + d = . + = Or ly eff = ly+ t/2 + t/2 Minimum of above ly eff = .mm Span ratio = = ________ = = . + + . =

For slab simply supported on all four sides corners not held down coefficients as per IS 456 - 2000 are x =

y =

8.3

Load calculations: Consider 1 m wide strip i) Self weight of slab = = ii) iii) Super imposed load Floor finish = = = 1 x 1 x D x 25 ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m

Total Load (W=i+ii+iii)

Factored load = 1.5 x = N/m Factored short span moment = Mux = x w lx2 = . = .. KN m.= . Nmm Factored long span moment = Muy = y w lx2 = . = .. KN m.= . Nmm

8.4

Maximum Bending moment


Mulim = = 0.138 fck bd2 0.138 x - = KN. m.

Mux < Mu lim The section is under -reinforced. Steel required for short span.

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

8.5

Area of steel for shorter span.

= =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm. 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

Provide mm bars @ mm c/c

8.6

Check for shear


Fact. Shear force Vu = WL = _________________ 2 = kN Nominal shear stress v = =_____ v = N/ mm2 % Steel at support = = Pt c = - % 50 % of main steel at mid span.

According to IS 456 - 2000 for pt = _______________ & Fe 415 & K = = N/ mm2

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15

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

= K x c = .. =N / mm2 >v

Hence O.K.

8.7

Check for development length


Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd = Ld = . = mm

M0

= 0.87 fy Ast ( d -

M0 V0 L0

= = .. KN-mm = .kN = d or 12 or can be considered as 0 = .. 1.3 + L0 = . = .mm Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

Provide development length = Ld/3 = = mm From the face of wall.

8.8

Area of steel for longer span.

= . =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

16

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm.

Provide mm bars @ mm c/c

8.9

Check for shear


Fact. Shear force Vu = WL = _________________ 2 = Nominal shear stress v kN = = v % Steel at support = = Pt c c = - % & Fe 415 & N/ mm 2 K= = _________________ N/ mm2

50 % of main steel at mid span.

According to IS 456 - 2000 for pt = = = =

K x c = .. N / mm 2 >v Hence O.K.

8.10 Check for development length


Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd = Ld M0 M0 V0 L0 = . = mm = 0.87 fy Ast ( d )

= = .. KN-mm = .KN = d or 12 or can be considered as 0 = ..

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17

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

1.3

+ L0 = . = .mm

Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

Provide development length = Ld/3 = = mm From the face of wall.

8.11 Summary of design :


1. 2. 3. Overall depth of slab = Provide . mm bars @ ..mm c/c along short span. Provide . mm bars @ ..mm c/c along long span.

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

9.0

DESIGN OF DOG LEGGED STAIR CASE:


9.1 Data :
Size of hall = .x . Design constant a) Grade of concrete = Super imposed load = .. Stair mark = b) Grade of steel =

9.2

Planning :
Assume Rise = .. Tread = . Size of landing =..

No. of steps = Span / Rise = =

Using two flights, no. of steps in each flight = ..= No. of tread required in each flight = . - 1 = Space occupied by all treads = .

Space available for each landing =.= . Draw the general arrangement

18

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

9.3

Load Calculations :
Assuming thickness of waist slab as = .mm. Draw the diagram showing waist slab , rise & tread.

a) b) c) d) e)

Dead Load of waist slab on slope = . = Dead load of waist slab on horizontal area = .. = Dead load of step per m tread = . weight of Floor finish = Super imposed loads = .. Total Load (b+c+d+e) = + ++ = ..kN/m. Factored load = Total load X 1.5 = X 1.5 =. kN/m.

9.4

Design of Waist slab :


Effective span = le = lc + t/2 = + ..= ..mm Design Moment Md = = . = .. kNm = .Nmm. Assume b = 1000mm Mu = = d2 = d = ...............................mm fck.bd2

(Assume diameter of bar) Over all depth (D) = d + + cover ( Assume 15 mm cover)

D = ...... + ...... + ...... = ..mm Round up the value of D say ..mm d=D- cover

d = .........................mm

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19

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

9.5

Find Longitudinal steel.

= .. =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

9.6

Spacing minimum of
1. 2. 5. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x ----------- = ------------ mm 450 mm.

Provide -------- mm bars @ --------- mm c/c

9.7

Distribution Steel : Use M.S. bars.


= = 0.15 % of Ag. 0.15 x Ag. 100 = m m2 Assuming .mm bar Area of one bar Spacing = Area of dist.. Steel = = Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 5 d = 5 x = mm 450 mm. X 1000 mm

x 1000

Provide mm bars @ mm c/c

9.8

Check for shear


Fact. Shear force Vu = = WL = _________________ 2 kN

20

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Nominal shear stress

= = _________________ N/ mm2

v % Steel at support = = Pt =

50 % of main steel at mid span.

- % Fe 415 & K=

According to IS 456 - 2000 for pt = & N/ mm 2 =


c

= =

K x c = .. N / mm 2 >v Hence O.K.

9.9

Check for development length


Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd = Ld M0 M0 V0 L0 = . = mm = 0.87 fy Ast ( d )

= = .. KN-mm = .KN = d or 12 or can be considered as 0 = .. 1.3 + L0 = .

= .mm Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

Provide development length = Ld/3 = = mm From the face of wall.

9.10 Summary of design :


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Rise = ..mm Tread = mm Size of landing = x ..mm Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

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21

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

10.0 DESIGN OF CANTILEVER SLAB


10.1 Data :
Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Design constant a) Grade of concrete = span = m. Slab mark = b) Grade of steel =

10.2 d

span = 7 x M.F.

= Overall depth (D) = d + /2 + cover = ........................mm Say .....................mm Effective depth (d) = D - /2 - cover = ............. - ......... - = ..mm. Clear span of the slab lc = Effective span of the slab leff = lc + d = . + =

10.3 Loads calculations: Consider 1 m wide strip i) Self weight of slab = = ii) iii) Super imposed load Floor finish Total Load (W=i+ii+iii) Factored Load (Wd) Factored bending moment Mu = = = = = = 1 x 1 x D x 25 ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m W x 1.5

= ......... X 1.5 = .. KN/m

= .......................kN - m = ..Nmm. Check for depth Mu d d = ..................... fck bd2 = = mm < d Assumed hence o.k.

22

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

10.4 Main steel

= =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 1. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm. 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

Provide mm bars @ mm c/c

10.5 Distribution Steel :


= = =

Use M.S. bars.

0.15 % of Ag. 0.15 x Ag. 100

m m2 Area of one bar Area of dist.. Steel X 1000 mm

Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = = x 1000

Provide mm bars @ mm c/c

10.6 Check for shear


Fact. Shear force Vu = WL = _________________ = kN

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23

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

Nominal shear stress

= = _________________ N/ mm2

v % Steel at support = = Pt =

50 % of main steel at mid span.

- % & Fe 415 & N/ mm 2 K=

According to IS 456 - 2000 for pt = =


c

= =

K x c = .. N / mm 2 >v Hence O.K.

10.7 Check for development length

Ld

from IS 456:2000 bd = Ld M0 M0 V0 L0 = . = mm = 0.87 fy Ast ( d )

= = .. KN-mm = .KN = d or 12 or can be considered as 0 = .. 1.3 + L0 = . hence o.k.

= .mm Ld = 1.3 M0 + L0 V0

Provide development length = Ld/3 = = mm From the face of wall.

10.8 Summary of design :


1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

24

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

11.0 LOAD CALCULATION SHEET( For roof Beam)

NOTE: 1. 2.

Assume depth of the beam for the calculations of self weight. Design only one beam from above.

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25

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

12.0 LOAD CALCULATION SHEET ( For lintel & Plinth Beam)

NOTE: 1. 2.

Assume depth of the beam for the calculations of self weight. Design only one beam from above.

13.0 DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR BEAM


13.1 Data :
Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Design constant a) Grade of concrete = span = m. Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam Maximum load Factored load Given Fact B.M. Fact S.F. = = = = kN kN ..................................kN. m. ...................................KN. beam mark = b) Grade of steel =

26

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

13.2

Find dimension of rectangular beam Mu lim = Mu Mu = 0.148 fck bd 2 = 0.138 f bd2


ck

for Fe 250 steel for Fe 415 steel for Fe 500 steel

= 0.133 fck bd2 Assume b Mu d2 d

= . (Generally equal to width of the wall or 230 mm) = .................................... = = = ...............................mm Say mm

(Assume diameter of bar) Over all depth (D) = d+ + cover ( Assume 25 mm cover)

D = ..................mm Round up the value of D say ..mm d=D- cover

d = .........................mm :. b = ..........................mm

13.3 Find Longitudinal steel.

= =................................m m2 Calculate no. of bars For = .. No of Bar = N1 = = =

For = ..

No of Bar = N2 =

= =

Provide # mm bars

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27

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

13.4 Design of shear reinforcement.


1. Find nominal shear stress v = = .......................N/mm2 2. Find shear strength of concrete (c) With referring IS 456 - 2000 clause Pt = = .

Pt

= ...................... %

find c = c = .................. N/mm2

3.

Compare

v & c

a) b) a)

if v < c if v > c When v < c

Provide nominal shear reinforcement. Design shear reinforcement. Provide nominal shear reinforcement as fallows :

Assuming mm two legged M.s. stirrups. Asv =2 x /4 x d2

= .=..

Spacing of stirrups Sv

= .. = .. mm

Spacing should be less than . 1. 2. 3. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

Provide mm two legged M.S. stirrups @ mm c/c. b) when v > c Design shear reinforcement as fallows : Find shear to be resisted Vus Vus = Vu - c bd = ............ - ........... Vus = ......................N.

28

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Find shear resisted by bent up bars Vub Vub = 0.87 fy Asv. Sin 450 = 0.87 x ............x................sin 450 =....................... N

Contribution of bent up bars should not be greater Vus / 2 Shear to be resisted by stirrups Vus Vus = Vus - (Vub or Vus / 2 whichever is lesser) = - .. = Assuming mm two or . legged M.s. stirrups. Asv =2 x /4 x d2 = .=.. mm2

Spacing of stirrups Sv = = .. = .. mm Spacing should be less than . 1. 5. 6. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

Provide mm two or . legged M.S. stirrups @ mm c/c.

13.5 Summary of design


1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel # mm bars Vertical stirrups mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above beam on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

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29

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

14.0 LOAD CALCULATION SHEET( For Column)

NOTE: 1. 2.

Assume C/S dimension of the column for the calculations of self weight. Design only one column from above.

15.0 DESIGN OF AXIALLY LOADED COLUMN (SQUARE)


15.1 Data :
Column No. : . Load on column = ..KN.

Design constant a) Grade of concrete = .. b) Grade of steel = .. L = Unsupported length of the column in mm = mm Design load Pu = 1.5 x . = .. KN. Assume percentage of comp. steel between 0.8 to 6% of gross c/s area Assume Asc = %Ag = , Ac =%Ag

30

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

15.2 Find the section of the column (Ag):


Pu = 0.4 fck Ac +0.67 fy Asc =.. Ag = mm2.

Adopt square column. Size of column =.x. mm Say X mm.

15.3 Find the No. of bars (not less than 4)


Asc = . % Ag Calculate no. of bars For = .. For = .. No of Bar = N1 = No of Bar = N2 = = = = =

Use diameter of bars not less than 12 mm

15.4 Lateral ties.


a) Select diameter of lateral ties least of 5 mm or 1/4 diameter of the largest longitudinal bar not less than16 mm diameter. Diameter of the lateral ties / link = . mm Spacing of lateral ties / link Least of i) ii) iii) Least lateral dimension of column =..mm

b)

Sixteen times the smallest dia. of bar = 16 x =..mm and 300 mm

Provide mm dia. @ . C/c

15.5 Check for minimum eccentricity


e min >/ 0.05 D =..= .mm > e min e min = 20 mm L = Unsupported length of the column in mm

D = Lateral dimension of column in the direction under consideration in mm

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31

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

15.6 Summary of design :


1. 2. 3. Column size x. mm Longitudinal Steel . Lateral Steel

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above column on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

16.0 DESIGN OF PLINTH BEAM


16.1 Data : Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Design constant a) Grade of concrete = span = m. Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam Maximum load Factored load Given Fact B.M. Fact S.F. 16.2 = = = = kN kN ..................................kN. m. ...................................KN. beam mark = b) Grade of steel =

Find dimension of rectangular beam Mu lim = Mu Mu for Fe 250 steel for Fe 415 steel for Fe 500 steel

= 0.148 fck bd 2 = 0.138 fck bd2 = 0.133 fck bd2

Assume b Mu

= . (Generally equal to width of the wall or 230 mm) = .................................... =

d2 d

= = ...............................mm Say mm

(Assume diameter of bar) Over all depth (D) = d+ + cover ( Assume 25 mm cover)

D = ..................mm Round up the value of D say ..mm d=D- cover

d = .........................mm :. b = ..........................mm

32

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

16.3 Find Longitudinal steel.

= =................................m m2 Calculate no. of bars For = .. For = .. No of Bar = N1 = No of Bar = N2 = = = = =

Provide # mm bars

16.4 Design of shear reinforcement.


1. Find nominal shear stress v = = .

= .......................N/mm2 2. Find shear strength of concrete (c) With referring IS 456 - 2000 clause Pt Pt = = ...................... %

find c = c 3. = .................. N/mm2

Compare a) b) a) if v < c if v > c When v < c Provide nominal shear reinforcement. Design shear reinforcement. Provide nominal shear reinforcement as fallows :

Assuming mm two legged M.s. stirrups. Asv =2 x /4 x d2 = .=.. Spacing of stirrups Sv = .. = .. mm

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33

Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

Spacing should be less than . 1. 2. 3. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

Provide mm two legged M.S. stirrups @ mm c/c. b) when v > c Design shear reinforcement as fallows : Find shear to be resisted Vus Vus = Vu - c bd = ............ - ........... Vus = ......................N.

Find shear resisted by bent up bars Vub = 0.87 fy Asv. Sin 450 = 0.87 x ............x................sin 450 Vub =....................... N

Contribution of bent up bars should not be greater Vus / 2 Shear to be resisted by stirrups Vus Vus = Vus - (Vub or Vus / 2 whichever is lesser) = - .. = Assuming mm two or . legged M.s. stirrups. Asv =2 x /4 x d2 = .=.. mm2 Spacing of stirrups Sv

= .. = .. mm Spacing should be less than . 1. 2. 3. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

Provide mm two or . legged M.S. stirrups @ mm c/c.

34

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

16.5 Summary of design


1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel # mm bars Vertical stirrups mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above beam on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

17.0 DESIGN OF FOOTING (SQUARE)


(Design the footing for above column)

17.1 Data :
Load from column = .kN.

Safe bearing capacity of soil = ..kN/m2 Design constant a) Grade of concrete = .. b) Grade of steel = ..

17.2 Load calculations :


a) b) Load on column (W) = .kN Assume weight of footing 5%to 10 % of load from column. Wf = KN. Total load P(W+ Wf) Factored load Pu = + = .kN. = 1.5 x P = 1.5 x .= kN

Actual area of footing required

= = ..

=..

m2

Adopt square footing , size of footing = .x.m Say = .x.m

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Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

Net earth pressure acting upward due to factored load P =

P = kN/m2 Permissible Shear strength of concrete : Nominal shear stress = v v = ks c where ks = 0.5 + c c = Ratio of short side to long side of the column ks = 0.5 + c = 0.5 + . = ks is limited to 1. c = 0.25 = .= .kN/m2

17.3 Find depth of footing (from bending moment)


a) Draw fig showing critical section for bending moment:

Bending moment per meter width of footing Mxx = Myy = =

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

b)

Find effective depth required Mu lim = Mxx = Myy Mulim = fck b d2 = = =.. mm

d c)

Area of tensile reinforcement

=................................m m2 Calculate no. of bars For = .. No of Bar = N1 = = =.

For = ..

No of Bar = N2 =

= =

Provide # mm bars

17.4 Check for shear


a) One -way action The critical section x-x is taken at a distance d away from the face of column ( Draw fig)

Vu = P x Shaded area due to section as shown in fig

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Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

= x . .=.. N Vc = Shear resisted by concrete = c bd =. = As shear reinforcement is not provided for isolated footing Vu = Vc . = . =

d = .mm b) Shear Two-way action The critical section is taken at a distance 0.5 d away from the face of column. ( Draw Fig.)

Shear force on shaded area in the fig = Vu Vu = Vc = Shear resisted by concrete = c bd =. = As shear reinforcement is not provided for isolated footing Vu = Vc . = . = . = . = . = . = d = .mm The greater value of d obtained from 3(a), 4(a) & 4(b) is .m Which is adopted as depth of the footing.

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

17.5 Check for development length :


Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd =

Ld

= . = mm

M0 M0 V0 L0

= 0.87 fy Ast ( d -

= = .. KN-mm = .KN = d or 12 or can be considered as 0 = ..

1.3

+ L0

= . = .mm

Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

Provide development length = Ld/3 = = mm From the face of wall.

17.6 Summary of design :


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Size of footing = x. mm Overall depth of footing = . mm Effective depth of footing = . mm Longitudinal Steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above footing on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

17.7 QUESTIONS (Attempt 3-5 questions as directed by teacher)


17.1 Where is the main reinforcement provided in case of a) Cantilever Slab, b) One way slab, c) Two way slab. State the reasons. 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 Draw two figures indicating the position of Ld in case of cantilever slab. What is the importance of concrete weight (balancing weight) in case of cantilever slab? How will you maintain the depth of slab during construction on the site? Why is the main reinforcement bent near the support? State its distance for one way slab & two way slab.

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Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

17.6 17.7 17.8 17.9

What is meant by lifting of corners in case of two way slab? Why are stirrups provided in the beam? Explain diagrammatically failure of beam. State any two functions of bent up bars used in beam.

17.10 State any two remedial measures to be taken to correct the eccentric column. 17.11 How are number of bars reduced in the column for upper storey? 17.12 State any two cases of buckling of column. 17.13 On the site, how will you check the eccentricity of column?

Space for answers

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Space for answers

MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

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Exercise No. 1

Design of structures (RCC)

Space for answers

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MAHARASHTRA STATE BOARD OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Design of structures (RCC)

Exercise No. 1

Space for answers

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