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Diunggah oleh Balram Bhadu

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Exercise No. 1

Exercise No. 1

1.0 2.0 TITLE: - Structural design and drawing of any one of single storeyed building PRIOR CONCEPT: Simple supports, types of beam, types of slab, types of column, types of footing, types of stairs.

3.0

Positioning the column for given architectural plan.

Proposition 2 :

Reference plan at roof level consisting direction of slab serial numbering of beams & serial numbering of column.

Proposition 3 :

Reference plan at lintel level consisting of lintel beams and cantilever slabs.

Proposition 4 :

Staircase design and drawing doglegged stair case,

Proposition 5 :

Plinth level consisting serial numbering of beams.

Proposition 6 :

Reference plan at foundation level consisting of serial numbering of footing.

Proposition 7 :

Design of all structural members. Design of structural members includes design of one-way, two-way & cantilever slab, flanged beam, rectangular beam, shear design, design of dog- legged staircase, design of axially loaded short column & design of footing.

4.0

Proposition - 2

Exercise No. 1

Proposition - 3

Proposition - 4

Proposition - 5

Proposition - 6

Exercise No. 1

Proposition - 7

5.0

LEARNING OBJECTIVE

5.1 Intellectual Skill

5.1.1 5.1.2 5.1.3 5.1.4 To locate and orient column To understand specification given in IS Code To understand the design procedure of all structural element To understand the schedule of reinforcement. To draw plan at roof level To draw plan at lintel level To draw plan at plinth level. To draw plan at foundation level. To draw structural layout.

5.2

Motor Skill

6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3 6.2.4 6.2.5

Exercise No. 1

6.0

APPARATUS:

Drawing sheets and drawing instrument

6.1

Information Input

SBC of soil Loads on the structure Grade of concrete and steel

6.2

Architectural drawing sample taken, to be approved from the subject teacher Sample building Concrete grade Tor steel grade Grade of Steel : : : : Single storey . . . Mild steel bars used for 6mm stirrups in Beams, 6mm distribution bars in slab And 6mm lateral ties in column. Concrete density = Steel density = .kN/ m3 78.50 kN/m3

Safe bearing capacity of the soil = Taking help from subject teacher & discussion, mark the following for given architectural plan.: a) b) c) d) e) f) g) Positioning of columns & serial numbering of columns. Types & directions of slabs. Numbering of beams. At lintel level positioning of lintel beams and cantilever slabs. Positioning & type of Staircase.(Doglegged stair case) At Plinth level serial numbering of beams. At foundation level serial numbering of footing.

Exercise No. 1

Exercise No. 1

7.0

7.1 Data :

Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Slab mark =.. Design constant a) Grade of concrete =. Shorter span = b) Grade of steel = .

7.2

d =

span 20 x M.F.

= =

Overall depth (D) = d + /2 + cover = ........................mm Say .....................mm Effective depth (d) = D - /2 - cover = ............. - ......... - = ..mm. Clear span of the slab lc = Effective span of the slab leff = lc + d = . + = Or leff = lc + t/2 + t/2 Minimum of above leff = = . + + . =

7.3

Loads calculations: Consider 1 m wide strip i) Self weight of slab = = ii) iii) Super imposed load Floor finish = = = = 1 x 1 x D x 25 =.. ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m W x 1.5

10

Exercise No. 1

7.4

Main steel

= . =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = Area of one bar Area of Steel x 1000 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

7.5

= = = 0.15 % of Ag. 0.15 100 x Ag.

m m2

Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = = Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 5 d = 5 x . = mm 450 mm. Area of one bar Area of dist.. Steel x 1000

X 1000 mm

11

Exercise No. 1

7.6

Fact. Shear force Vu = WL 2 = _________ = .kN Nominal shear stress v = = _________________ = N/ mm2

v % Steel at support =

Pt

% K =..

Fe 415 &

7.7

Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd = . Ld M0 M0 V0 L0

= . =

mm

= 0.87 fy Ast ( d -

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

12

Exercise No. 1

7.8

Summary of design :

1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

8.0

8.1 Data :

Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = ..Slab mark = . Design constant a) Grade of concrete =.b) Grade of steel =.. Short span lx Long span ly = .m. = ..m.

8.2

= =

= .

Overall depth (D) = d + /2 + cover = ........................mm Say .....................mm Effective depth (d) = D -

/2 - cover

Clear span for shorter span lx = mm Effective span of the slab l x eff = lx + d = . + = Or l x eff = lx + t/2 + t/2 = . + + . =

13

Exercise No. 1

Minimum of above lx eff = mm Clear span for longer span ly = ..mm Effective span of the slab l yeff = ly + d = . + = Or ly eff = ly+ t/2 + t/2 Minimum of above ly eff = .mm Span ratio = = ________ = = . + + . =

For slab simply supported on all four sides corners not held down coefficients as per IS 456 - 2000 are x =

y =

8.3

Load calculations: Consider 1 m wide strip i) Self weight of slab = = ii) iii) Super imposed load Floor finish = = = 1 x 1 x D x 25 ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m

Factored load = 1.5 x = N/m Factored short span moment = Mux = x w lx2 = . = .. KN m.= . Nmm Factored long span moment = Muy = y w lx2 = . = .. KN m.= . Nmm

8.4

Mulim = = 0.138 fck bd2 0.138 x - = KN. m.

Mux < Mu lim The section is under -reinforced. Steel required for short span.

14

Exercise No. 1

8.5

= =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm. 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

8.6

Fact. Shear force Vu = WL = _________________ 2 = kN Nominal shear stress v = =_____ v = N/ mm2 % Steel at support = = Pt c = - % 50 % of main steel at mid span.

15

Exercise No. 1

= K x c = .. =N / mm2 >v

Hence O.K.

8.7

Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd = Ld = . = mm

M0

= 0.87 fy Ast ( d -

M0 V0 L0

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

8.8

= . =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

16

Exercise No. 1

Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm.

8.9

Fact. Shear force Vu = WL = _________________ 2 = Nominal shear stress v kN = = v % Steel at support = = Pt c c = - % & Fe 415 & N/ mm 2 K= = _________________ N/ mm2

Ld =

17

Exercise No. 1

1.3

+ L0 = . = .mm

Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

1. 2. 3. Overall depth of slab = Provide . mm bars @ ..mm c/c along short span. Provide . mm bars @ ..mm c/c along long span.

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

9.0

9.1 Data :

Size of hall = .x . Design constant a) Grade of concrete = Super imposed load = .. Stair mark = b) Grade of steel =

9.2

Planning :

Assume Rise = .. Tread = . Size of landing =..

Using two flights, no. of steps in each flight = ..= No. of tread required in each flight = . - 1 = Space occupied by all treads = .

Space available for each landing =.= . Draw the general arrangement

18

Exercise No. 1

9.3

Load Calculations :

Assuming thickness of waist slab as = .mm. Draw the diagram showing waist slab , rise & tread.

a) b) c) d) e)

Dead Load of waist slab on slope = . = Dead load of waist slab on horizontal area = .. = Dead load of step per m tread = . weight of Floor finish = Super imposed loads = .. Total Load (b+c+d+e) = + ++ = ..kN/m. Factored load = Total load X 1.5 = X 1.5 =. kN/m.

9.4

Effective span = le = lc + t/2 = + ..= ..mm Design Moment Md = = . = .. kNm = .Nmm. Assume b = 1000mm Mu = = d2 = d = ...............................mm fck.bd2

(Assume diameter of bar) Over all depth (D) = d + + cover ( Assume 15 mm cover)

D = ...... + ...... + ...... = ..mm Round up the value of D say ..mm d=D- cover

d = .........................mm

19

Exercise No. 1

9.5

= .. =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

9.6

Spacing minimum of

1. 2. 5. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x ----------- = ------------ mm 450 mm.

9.7

= = 0.15 % of Ag. 0.15 x Ag. 100 = m m2 Assuming .mm bar Area of one bar Spacing = Area of dist.. Steel = = Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 3. as calculated = 5 d = 5 x = mm 450 mm. X 1000 mm

x 1000

9.8

Fact. Shear force Vu = = WL = _________________ 2 kN

20

Exercise No. 1

= = _________________ N/ mm2

v % Steel at support = = Pt =

- % Fe 415 & K=

c

= =

9.9

Ld =

= .mm Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Rise = ..mm Tread = mm Size of landing = x ..mm Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above slab on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

21

Exercise No. 1

10.1 Data :

Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Design constant a) Grade of concrete = span = m. Slab mark = b) Grade of steel =

10.2 d

span = 7 x M.F.

= Overall depth (D) = d + /2 + cover = ........................mm Say .....................mm Effective depth (d) = D - /2 - cover = ............. - ......... - = ..mm. Clear span of the slab lc = Effective span of the slab leff = lc + d = . + =

10.3 Loads calculations: Consider 1 m wide strip i) Self weight of slab = = ii) iii) Super imposed load Floor finish Total Load (W=i+ii+iii) Factored Load (Wd) Factored bending moment Mu = = = = = = 1 x 1 x D x 25 ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m ........... kN/m W x 1.5

= .......................kN - m = ..Nmm. Check for depth Mu d d = ..................... fck bd2 = = mm < d Assumed hence o.k.

22

Exercise No. 1

= =................................m m2 Minimum Steel = = = Assuming .mm bar Spacing = = X 1000 = . m m Spacing minimum of 1. 2. 1. as calculated = 3 d = 3 x = mm 450 mm. 0.12 % of Ag. 0.12 x Width of slab x Overall depth 100 m m2 Ast req > Ast min

= = =

Fact. Shear force Vu = WL = _________________ = kN

23

Exercise No. 1

= = _________________ N/ mm2

v % Steel at support = = Pt =

c

= =

Ld

= .mm Ld = 1.3 M0 + L0 V0

1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

24

Exercise No. 1

NOTE: 1. 2.

Assume depth of the beam for the calculations of self weight. Design only one beam from above.

25

Exercise No. 1

NOTE: 1. 2.

Assume depth of the beam for the calculations of self weight. Design only one beam from above.

13.1 Data :

Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Design constant a) Grade of concrete = span = m. Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam Maximum load Factored load Given Fact B.M. Fact S.F. = = = = kN kN ..................................kN. m. ...................................KN. beam mark = b) Grade of steel =

26

Exercise No. 1

13.2

ck

= . (Generally equal to width of the wall or 230 mm) = .................................... = = = ...............................mm Say mm

(Assume diameter of bar) Over all depth (D) = d+ + cover ( Assume 25 mm cover)

d = .........................mm :. b = ..........................mm

For = ..

No of Bar = N2 =

= =

Provide # mm bars

27

Exercise No. 1

1. Find nominal shear stress v = = .......................N/mm2 2. Find shear strength of concrete (c) With referring IS 456 - 2000 clause Pt = = .

Pt

= ...................... %

3.

Compare

v & c

a) b) a)

Provide nominal shear reinforcement. Design shear reinforcement. Provide nominal shear reinforcement as fallows :

= .=..

Spacing of stirrups Sv

= .. = .. mm

Spacing should be less than . 1. 2. 3. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

Provide mm two legged M.S. stirrups @ mm c/c. b) when v > c Design shear reinforcement as fallows : Find shear to be resisted Vus Vus = Vu - c bd = ............ - ........... Vus = ......................N.

28

Exercise No. 1

Find shear resisted by bent up bars Vub Vub = 0.87 fy Asv. Sin 450 = 0.87 x ............x................sin 450 =....................... N

Contribution of bent up bars should not be greater Vus / 2 Shear to be resisted by stirrups Vus Vus = Vus - (Vub or Vus / 2 whichever is lesser) = - .. = Assuming mm two or . legged M.s. stirrups. Asv =2 x /4 x d2 = .=.. mm2

Spacing of stirrups Sv = = .. = .. mm Spacing should be less than . 1. 5. 6. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel # mm bars Vertical stirrups mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above beam on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

29

Exercise No. 1

NOTE: 1. 2.

Assume C/S dimension of the column for the calculations of self weight. Design only one column from above.

15.1 Data :

Column No. : . Load on column = ..KN.

Design constant a) Grade of concrete = .. b) Grade of steel = .. L = Unsupported length of the column in mm = mm Design load Pu = 1.5 x . = .. KN. Assume percentage of comp. steel between 0.8 to 6% of gross c/s area Assume Asc = %Ag = , Ac =%Ag

30

Exercise No. 1

Pu = 0.4 fck Ac +0.67 fy Asc =.. Ag = mm2.

Asc = . % Ag Calculate no. of bars For = .. For = .. No of Bar = N1 = No of Bar = N2 = = = = =

a) Select diameter of lateral ties least of 5 mm or 1/4 diameter of the largest longitudinal bar not less than16 mm diameter. Diameter of the lateral ties / link = . mm Spacing of lateral ties / link Least of i) ii) iii) Least lateral dimension of column =..mm

b)

e min >/ 0.05 D =..= .mm > e min e min = 20 mm L = Unsupported length of the column in mm

31

Exercise No. 1

1. 2. 3. Column size x. mm Longitudinal Steel . Lateral Steel

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above column on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

16.1 Data : Sr. No. (from load calculation sheet) = Design constant a) Grade of concrete = span = m. Singly Reinforced Rectangular Beam Maximum load Factored load Given Fact B.M. Fact S.F. 16.2 = = = = kN kN ..................................kN. m. ...................................KN. beam mark = b) Grade of steel =

Find dimension of rectangular beam Mu lim = Mu Mu for Fe 250 steel for Fe 415 steel for Fe 500 steel

Assume b Mu

d2 d

= = ...............................mm Say mm

(Assume diameter of bar) Over all depth (D) = d+ + cover ( Assume 25 mm cover)

d = .........................mm :. b = ..........................mm

32

Exercise No. 1

Provide # mm bars

1. Find nominal shear stress v = = .

= .......................N/mm2 2. Find shear strength of concrete (c) With referring IS 456 - 2000 clause Pt Pt = = ...................... %

Compare a) b) a) if v < c if v > c When v < c Provide nominal shear reinforcement. Design shear reinforcement. Provide nominal shear reinforcement as fallows :

33

Exercise No. 1

Spacing should be less than . 1. 2. 3. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

Provide mm two legged M.S. stirrups @ mm c/c. b) when v > c Design shear reinforcement as fallows : Find shear to be resisted Vus Vus = Vu - c bd = ............ - ........... Vus = ......................N.

Find shear resisted by bent up bars Vub = 0.87 fy Asv. Sin 450 = 0.87 x ............x................sin 450 Vub =....................... N

Contribution of bent up bars should not be greater Vus / 2 Shear to be resisted by stirrups Vus Vus = Vus - (Vub or Vus / 2 whichever is lesser) = - .. = Assuming mm two or . legged M.s. stirrups. Asv =2 x /4 x d2 = .=.. mm2 Spacing of stirrups Sv

= .. = .. mm Spacing should be less than . 1. 2. 3. as calculated = ..mm 0.75 d = 0.75 x . = .mm 450 mm.

34

Exercise No. 1

1. 2. 3. 4. Overall depth D = m m Effective depth d = m m Main steel # mm bars Vertical stirrups mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above beam on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

(Design the footing for above column)

17.1 Data :

Load from column = .kN.

Safe bearing capacity of soil = ..kN/m2 Design constant a) Grade of concrete = .. b) Grade of steel = ..

a) b) Load on column (W) = .kN Assume weight of footing 5%to 10 % of load from column. Wf = KN. Total load P(W+ Wf) Factored load Pu = + = .kN. = 1.5 x P = 1.5 x .= kN

= = ..

=..

m2

35

Exercise No. 1

P = kN/m2 Permissible Shear strength of concrete : Nominal shear stress = v v = ks c where ks = 0.5 + c c = Ratio of short side to long side of the column ks = 0.5 + c = 0.5 + . = ks is limited to 1. c = 0.25 = .= .kN/m2

a) Draw fig showing critical section for bending moment:

36

Exercise No. 1

b)

Find effective depth required Mu lim = Mxx = Myy Mulim = fck b d2 = = =.. mm

d c)

For = ..

No of Bar = N2 =

= =

Provide # mm bars

a) One -way action The critical section x-x is taken at a distance d away from the face of column ( Draw fig)

37

Exercise No. 1

= x . .=.. N Vc = Shear resisted by concrete = c bd =. = As shear reinforcement is not provided for isolated footing Vu = Vc . = . =

d = .mm b) Shear Two-way action The critical section is taken at a distance 0.5 d away from the face of column. ( Draw Fig.)

Shear force on shaded area in the fig = Vu Vu = Vc = Shear resisted by concrete = c bd =. = As shear reinforcement is not provided for isolated footing Vu = Vc . = . = . = . = . = . = d = .mm The greater value of d obtained from 3(a), 4(a) & 4(b) is .m Which is adopted as depth of the footing.

38

Exercise No. 1

Ld =

from IS 456:2000 bd =

Ld

= . = mm

M0 M0 V0 L0

= 0.87 fy Ast ( d -

1.3

+ L0

= . = .mm

Ld

1.3

+ L0

hence o.k.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Size of footing = x. mm Overall depth of footing = . mm Effective depth of footing = . mm Longitudinal Steel mm bars @ mm c/c Dist. Steel mm bars @ mm c/c

Note : Draw the diagram showing the reinforcement details for the above footing on drawing sheet with the guidance of teacher.

17.1 Where is the main reinforcement provided in case of a) Cantilever Slab, b) One way slab, c) Two way slab. State the reasons. 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 Draw two figures indicating the position of Ld in case of cantilever slab. What is the importance of concrete weight (balancing weight) in case of cantilever slab? How will you maintain the depth of slab during construction on the site? Why is the main reinforcement bent near the support? State its distance for one way slab & two way slab.

39

Exercise No. 1

What is meant by lifting of corners in case of two way slab? Why are stirrups provided in the beam? Explain diagrammatically failure of beam. State any two functions of bent up bars used in beam.

17.10 State any two remedial measures to be taken to correct the eccentric column. 17.11 How are number of bars reduced in the column for upper storey? 17.12 State any two cases of buckling of column. 17.13 On the site, how will you check the eccentricity of column?

40

Exercise No. 1

41

Exercise No. 1

42

Exercise No. 1

43

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