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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

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Huawei Document ID 5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing

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V0.0

AntennaLineTesting Guidelinesandspecifications

Huawei Technologies Co, Ltd


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Commercial in Confidence Antenna System Test Instruction

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide Subcontractors with a guideline and specifications for Project Galileo antenna system testing requirements. It is expected that technical staff have an understanding of RF technologies and are competent to use RF TDR equipment and analyse and record results. This instruction describes how to make Return Loss & Distance to Fault measurements on an existing Vodafone antenna system, using an approved Anritsu Site Master. Antenna system tests are performed as part of the antenna system works before the cable connectors are sealed or connected in their final configuration. This instruction covers the following systems: WCDMA850, WCDMA 900, WCDMA 2100 and GSM 900/1800.

After the test results have been saved in the Site Master, it is possible to obtain hard copies by importing the measurements to a PC. Necessary software and serial cable are enclosed with the Site Master. It is expected that results are available in both an open format ie PDF of the graphical trace, as well as the original sweep file recorded on the night in the form of the Anritsu DAT file. Sweep Test Bands All systems are to be swept across the relevant bands of the Antenna system being tested as follows; Eg. 850/900 MHz band 1800/2100 MHz bands 820 970MHz 1710 2180MHz

1
1. 2.

References
Anritsu Test equipment Handbook Andrews and LS Cable specification Manuals

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Test Equipment

This section describes software, tools, instruments, and documentation recommended for the activities.

2.1

Software

The latest software for Anritsu Site Master can be found in the transportation bag of the unit or can be downloaded from http://www.anritsu.com.

2.2

Instruments

Huawei recommends the use of Anritsu Site Master with the following capabilities:

Alphanumeric Labeling of Saved Measurements Automatic Time and Date Stamp of Saved Data Distance Measurement in Feet and Meters Information Screens Providing Cable Attenuation and Velocity of Propagation values 6 Markers, Limit Lines, and Segmented Limit Lines RS232 Interface Minimum resolution required to be set on Anritsu is 517.

Examples of these are: S331D S235A S251A/B S331A/B

Note: Instructions for these instruments are not included in this manual. See respective instrument manual for instructions.

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Calibration of Test Equipment

Annual Calibration - All test equipment should be calibrated as per the manufactures specification, and details provided in the relevant acceptance documentation. Calibration records must be kept and produced as required. On Site Calibration Technicians must calibrate the test equipment in relation to the pass band of the antenna system to be tested. This includes Start/Stop Frequencies, Velocity factor and attenuation characteristics of the feeder cable in that band. A sweep resolution of 517 data points is required.

3.1

Calibrating the Site Master

To achieve accurate test results and to compensate for Test Port Extension Cables, the Site Master must be calibrated. The frequency band must be set before the calibration can be performed. A broader range allows a higher resolution of the measured result. Note: The Site Master must be calibrated each time the frequency band is changed. The Site Master must also be calibrated if one of the following symbols is shown in the display: CAL OFF or C. 3.1.1 1. 2. Setting the Display Resolution Press SWEEP button Press RESOLUTION soft key

3. Select 517 soft key 3.1.2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Selecting the Frequency Band Press MODE and select FREQ-SWR with the Up/Down arrow keys. Press ENTER (14). Press the FREQ/DIST key. Press the F1 soft key. Enter the Start frequency of relevant band and press ENTER. Press the F2 soft key. Enter the Stop frequency of relevant band , and press ENTER.

7. Check that the FREQ (MHz) scale in the display area indicates the correct frequency start and stop values. 8. Return Loss Marking: Adjust Markers to the following for 850MHz Marker 1: 825MHz
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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Marker 2: 835MHz Marker 3: 870MHz Marker 4: 880MHz Marker 5: Used to mark the worst RL between Markers 1&2 Marker 6: Used to mark the worst RL between Markers 3&4 9. Return Loss Marking: Adjust Markers to the following for 900MHz Marker 1: 906MHz Marker 2: 915MHz Marker 3: 951MHz Marker 4: 960MHz Marker 5: Used to mark the worst RL between Markers 1&2 Marker 6: Used to mark the worst RL between Markers 3&4 10. Return Loss Marking: Adjust Markers to the following for 2100MHz Marker 1: 2160MHz Marker 2: 2164.8MHz Marker 3: 2165MHz Marker 4: 2169.8MHz Marker 5: Used to highlight any issues between Markers M1 & M2. Marker 6: Used to highlight any issues between Markers M3 & M4.

11.

Return Loss Marking: Adjust Markers to the following for 1800MHz Marker 1: Mark Worst RL between 1815MHz & 1817.4MHz Marker 2: Mark Worst RL between 1720MHz & 1722.4MHz Marker 3: Mark Worst RL between 1825MHz & 1827.4MHz Marker 4: Mark Worst RL between 1730MHz & 1732.4MHz Marker 5: Mark Worst RL between 1830MHz & 1840MHz. Marker 6: Mark Worst RL between 1735MHz & 1745MHz.

12.
Huawei

Return Loss Limit: Adjust Horizontal Marker to limit -15db


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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

3.1.3

Performing a Calibration

To perform a calibration, a PRECISION OPEN/SHORT/LOAD device is required. Note: For correct calibration results, ensure that the OPEN/SHORT/LOAD is connected at the end of the Test Port Extension Cable, at the same point where the test object is connected. 1. 2. 3. Connect the Test Port Extension cable to the RF Out/Refl 50 ohm connector. Ensure that the correct frequency band is selected. Press the START CAL key.

4. Connect the OPEN and press ENTER. Wait for the measurement to complete. Follow the instructions on the screen. 5. Connect the SHORT and press ENTER. Wait for the measurement to complete. Follow the instructions on the screen. 6. complete. Connect the LOAD (50 ohm terminator) and press ENTER. Wait for the measurement to

7. When the calibration is complete, disconnect the calibration device from the Test Port Extension Cable. After the calibration, the display shows CAL ON as long as the calibration is valid. 3.1.4 Entering Cable Parameters

To achieve accurate test results, the correct cable parameters must be entered. The required parameters for the actual feeder type are the following: Velocity factor Attenuation (dB/m)

Please refer to manufactures specifications for AVA, LDF and LS cable values. Use the relevant attenuation values of the feeder at the centre frequency for band being tested. 1. 2. 3. Press MODE and select DTFSWR by using the Up/Down arrow key. Press ENTER. Press the DTF AID soft key. Use the Up/Down arrow key to select CABLE LOSS. Press ENTER.

4. Enter the attenuation in dB per meter, refer Attachment A, for the type of feeder being tested and press ENTER. 5.
6.

Use the Up/Down arrow key to select PROP VEL. Press ENTER.

Enter the relative velocity (refer Attachment A), for the type of feeder being tested and press ENTER.

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Antenna / Feeder System Testing

The following Antenna Sweep system testing is to be completed for the PRE and POST test: System RL (Return Loss)

RL (Return Loss)- The purpose of the Return Loss test is to verify the antenna system all the way up to the antenna when it is completely installed. The test verifies that the Return Loss is not too high and that the signal is not reflected back into the RBS. The limit is -15 db for a complete antenna system The final RL (Return Loss) test is of the complete system with all components fully terminated in the system as per the RF Design. All tests are to be saved and labelled with site name or code, sector number, test type and feeder designation as per Section 5.2

4.1

Project Galileo - Return Loss Specification

The intention of the Huawei swap project is to ensure that the same or better performance is recorded post upgrade on all frequencies (including 850, 900, 1800 & 2100). The total system must achieve a return loss of less than -15dB and no more than the increase specified in table 1 below from the pre-sweep recorded RL value. PreSweepRL 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 PostSweepRL 18 17.5 17 16.5 16 15 15 14 13

Table 1 Where the pre-sweep return loss is less than -15dB, this would suggest an existing issue on site. Works are to continue and any site with a return loss less than -15dB pre-sweep is to be escalated to Huawei Project Manager and the issue reports to VHA Fault Management Center a TT raised and recorded. Sweep files in PDF and DAT formats to be provided so that a rectification team can be engaged to return to site to fix the issue post project work. RL to be measured from the output of the BTS including all existing passive devices, tails and antennas It is expected that technicians on site are suitably trained on the use of the sweeping equipment. All RL sweeps should be reviewed on site and any issues fixed during the installation phase.
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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Contractor access site. Perform JSA log on with RIC/ VHA

Swap Co-ord gives Go/NoGo

GO

RIC Locks Cells

Contractor Calibrates Sweep test equipment

Contractor performs preswap Sweeps

NO GO END NO

Swap Completed. BTS commissioned

Proceed with Swap

YES

All Technologies to be swapped tested?

YES

Is sweep result in limit (better that -15dB)

NO

Contractor Calibrates Sweep test equipment

Contractor performs post-swap Sweeps

Call VHA GNOC Raise TT. Inform Huawei PM

NO All Technologies swapped tested? YES BTS Integration Completed Local BTS testing. Functional Call Tests. Contractor to investigate issue. Replace Tails check connectors

YES

Is sweep result in limit within Limits (Table1)

NO

Antenna system connected.

Site Unlocked.

END

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Pre sweeps To be performed before any feeder work is performed. It is recommended this is the first task performed after existing NSN/Ericsson cells are shutdown. Frequency bands & markers are below. 1800 may be swept as one sweep with markers specified. FREQUENCY BANDS & MARKER GUIDES FOR RETURN LOSS SWEEPS
MARKERS M1 850 825MHz M2 835MHz M3 870MHz M4 880MHz M5 Worst RL between M1 & M2 Worst RL between M1 & M2 Worst RL between Band 3 Tx Worst RL between M1 & M2 M6 Worst RL between M3 & M4 Worst RL between M3 & M4 Worst RL between Band 3 Rx Worst RL between M3 & M4

900 BAND

906MHz

915MHz

951MHz

960MHz

1800*

Worst RL between Band 1 Tx

Worst RL between Band 1 Rx

Worst RL between Band 2 Tx

Worst RL between Band 2 Rx

2100

2160MHz

2164.8MHz

2165MHz

2169.8MHz

*NOTE: Below 1800 bands for Marker Frequency values Frequency Sweep Bandwidth Start Freq Finsh Freq 850 900 2100 820MHz 905MHz 2159MHz 1800 Bands Tx Band 1 Band 2 Band 3 1815 - 1817.4MHz 1825 - 1827.4MHz 1830 - 1840MHz 885MHz 961MHz 2171MHz

Rx 1720 - 1722.4MHz 1730 - 1732.4MHz 1735 - 1745MHz

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Post sweeps To be performed once all tails/feeder & antenna work is completed. To follow the same frequency bands & markers as above in pre-sweeps. Any failures i.e. a loss of greater then specified in table 1 post installation will need to be investigated immediately and rectified where possible. It should be noted that both feeder paths will be monitored and diversity issue will be classified as a fail as well. Example below shows this. Example: On completing the sweeps if the main and diverse on the pre sweep were: Both at -21dB the post sweep on the main is -20dB and diverse is -18dB This would indicate a difference of 2dB post sweep between main and diverse. Even though this is below the limit of -15dB this will need to be investigated as to the cause of this and rectified where possible. The minimum expected investigation on the night of the swap would be: (i) check all connectors and terminations repair and replace where necessary (ii) check tails (iii) check combiners (iv) calibration of sweeping tool Contractors will be expected to carry with them spare materials and equipment so that issues are rectified on the night and revisits or rollbacks avoided at all costs. Materials and equipment contractors would be expected to carry would include, but are not limited to: - Electrical tape / Almagamating Tape / Heat Shrink - Various spare connectors o DIN & N-Type, Male & Female, for cable o DIN & N-Type, Male & Female, for 7/8 cable o DIN & N-Type, Male & Female, for 1 1/4 cable - Tools for terminating tails and feeders - Spare pre-made and known good tails in a range of lengths and connectors - Spare unterminated cable suggest 24m (enough for 6x 3m tails)

Sweeps to be completed Return Loss sweeps to be taken on ALL BTS, Main and Diverse on all sectors pre cutover. Return Loss sweeps to be taken on ALL BTS, Main and Diverse on all sectors post cutover. All sweep tests must pass specification for acceptance.

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

4.2

Labelling Convention

[Site number] [Technology] [Sector] [Feeder Number] [Feeder or System] [Terminated or Bypassed or Components connected] [Existing or Post swap] [Distance to fault or Return Loss]

The site ID for example - 1234 Technology for example - G9 or G18 or W9 or W21 Sector number for example 1 or 2, or 3, or 4 or 0 (for Omni) or R (repeater) or Y (for Yaggi) The Feeder number for example F1 or F2 or F3 or F4
What is being tested - F (feeder) or S (system) Components connected or Bypassed or Terminated- C(Components Connected) or B (bypassed) or T(Terminated) Existing or Post swap test- E (existing) or P (Post swap) Type of sweep- D (distance to fault) or R (return loss) Example of Naming : 1234W213F4SCER

4.3

Return Loss Testing

The purpose of the Return Loss test is to verify the antenna system installation all the way up to the antenna or feeder termination as applicable. The test verifies that the SWR is not too high and that the signal is not reflected back into the RBS. 1. Ensure that all antenna system components are connected before performing the test.

2. Check that the Site Master display shows CAL ON. If not calibrate the Site Master according to Section 2.1
3.

Ensure that the test equipment is connected correctly Press MODE and select FREQ-SWR with the Up/Down arrow keys. Press the AMPLITUDE key to set the scale. Press the TOP soft key, type 0dB, and press ENTER. Press LIMIT EDIT soft key, type appropriate RL level (-15dB Antenna), and press ENTER.

4. 5. 6. 7.

Note: Ensure that Limit is not in OFF mode by pressing the LIMIT ON/OFF soft key once or twice. 8. Observe the waveform and check that the levels are greater than the following; -15dB for a complete antenna feeder system

9. Save the measurement by pressing the SAVE DISPLAY key and create a unique trace name. Type in the trace name using the alpha-numeric soft keys, and press ENTER. Repeat Step 1 to Step 9 for each feeder which is to be reused on the site.
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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

NOTE- These results are not to be uploaded for acceptance, only the final testing from the completed system tests are to be uploaded into VF TeamRoom for acceptance. These sweep files from existing systems are to be uploaded by the PROJECT in TeamRoom 4.3.1 Completed System Return Loss (RL) Sweep Fully Terminated

1. Confirm all components are connected as per RF design with all bypass cables removed. 2.. Check that the Site Master display shows CAL ON. If not calibrate the Site Master according to Section 2.1 3. Ensure that the test equipment is connected correctly to RBS jumper. 4 Press MODE and select FREQ-SWR with the Up/Down arrow keys. 1. 2. 3. ENTER. Press the AMPLITUDE key to set the scale. Press the TOP soft key, type 0dB, and press ENTER. Press LIMIT EDIT soft key, type appropriate RL level as specified (-15dB), and press

Note: Ensure that Limit is not in OFF mode by pressing the LIMIT ON/OFF soft key once or twice. 4. Observe the waveform and check that the levels are greater than -15dB.

5. Save the measurement by pressing the SAVE DISPLAY key and create a unique trace name. Type in the trace name using the alpha-numeric soft keys as per Section 4.1 and press ENTER

Documentation

At the completion of all testing activities stated above the following sweep documentation is to be attached to relevant Acceptance documents and sent to Huawei as part of site acceptance:

1. Soft Copy of Pre - Swap System Return Loss (RL) Sweep ( with all components as per pre swap RF design fully terminated in the system) in .dat format 2. Soft Copy of Pre - Swap System Return Loss (RL) Sweep ( with all components as per pre swap RF design fully terminated in the system) in .pdf format 3. Soft Copy of Post - Swap System Return Loss (RL) Sweep ( with all components as per RF design fully terminated in the system) in .dat format 4. Soft Copy of Post Swap System Return Loss (RL) Sweep ( with all components as per RF design fully terminated in the system) in .pdf format These sweeps are supplied for all installed sectors, with all RBS TX/RX paths excluding antenna sharing cables and for each technology in that sector.

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5509058 VHA IMP Antenna Line Testing Antenna Test Work Instruction

Document Control/Amendment List


Version Date 0.0 8/4/11 0.0 11/4/11 Section Amended By ALL T Burley T Burley Approved By Description of Change Document creation. Standard Template. Guidelines and specifications from VHA/MSP Add process Define spares requirements. Corrections after 1st review.

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