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APA Examples

The following are examples from the American Psychological Association Publication Manual, 5th edition. (If you want to print a PDF copy of these examples, select the "Print Version" button.) Please note: that in APA, all lines after the first are indented 5 spacesUse these examples to help you complete the exercise on the left.

Tannen, D., & Alatis, J.E. (Eds.) (1986). Languages and linguistics: The interdependence of theory, data, and application. Washington: Georgetown University Press. 4. Article or chapter in a book with an editor: Authors (of article or chapter) last name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Title of article or chapter. In Editors First and Second initial and last name (Ed.) Title of book italicized. (page numbers). Publication location: Publishing company. Example:

Book 1. Book with 1 author:

Ong. W. J. (9182). Oral Remembering and Narrative Structures.In D. Tannen (Ed.), Analyzing Discourse: Text and Talk. (pp. 12 - 24). Washington DC.: Georgetown University Press.

Authors last name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Journal/Magazine Title italicized. Publication location: Publishing company. Journal citations: APA states that if the pagination of each issue is continuous throughout the volume, Example you dont need to use the issue number. However, if each issue begins with page 1, then the issue Townsend, R. M. (1993). The medieval village number is needed in the citation. The authors of economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press. this tutorial believe that this is a very difficult distinction to make and so we are always using the 2. Book with 2 authors: issue numbers with our examples. First Authors last name, First and Second Initial., & 5. Article from journal with 1 author: Second Authors last name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Title italicized. Publication location: Authors last name, First and second Initial. (Year). Publishing company. Article title. Journal Title, volume number italicized(issue number), page numbers. Example Gonzalez, A., & Norwine, J. (1998). The New Third World. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 3. Book with 2 editors: Example: Wann, D. L. (1998). A Preliminary Investigation Of The Relationship Between Alcohol Use And Sport Fandom. Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal, 26(3), 287-291.

First Editors last name, First and Second Initial., & Second Editors last name, First and Second Initial. 6. Article from journal with 3 authors: (Eds.) (Year). Title italicized. Publication location: Publishing company. Authors last name, First and Second Initial., Authors last name, First and Second Initial., & Authors last Example: name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Article title.

Journal title, volume number italicized(issue number), An entire website with an author: 10. page numbers. *Note: if you use a source from a website that is Example: associated with a department of a university, then you must include the name of the university and the department in the citation White, S., Winzelberg, A., & Norlin, J. (1992). Laughter and stress. Humor, 5(3), 343-55. Authors Last Name, First and Second initial (if given). (Year, Month and date, if given). Title of the 7. Article from a Magazine: web site italicized. Retrieved month day, year, from Authors last name, First and Second Initial. (Year, source: URL. Month Date). Article title. Journal title, volume Example: number (if given) italicized, page numbers. Mandell, L. (1999). Romantic Chronology. Retrieved June 22, 2003, from University of California, Santa Barbara English Department Web site: Stein, J. (2003 Aug. 4). Just say om. Time, 162, 48-57. http://english.ucsb.edu:591/rchrono/. Example: 8. Online journal article from a database or index: 11. An entire website without an editor or author: Authors last name, First and Second Initial. (Year). Title of the web site italicized. (Year, Month and date, Article title. Journal title, volume number italicized(issue number), page numbers. Retrieved if given). Retrieved month day, year) from source. month day, year, from source. Example: Example: CNN.com. (2002, August 24). Retrieved February 18, Tolson, N. (1998). Making books available: The role 2003 from http://www.cnn.com. of early libraries, librarians, and booksellers in the promotion of African American childrens literature. 12. An article, document, or short work from a website with an author African American Review. 32(5), 9-16. Retrieved October 1, 2002 from Academic Search Premier. Authors Last Name, First and Second Initial. (Year, 9. Online newspaper article from a database or Month and date if given). Title of article, document, or short work. In Title of the website (italicized). index: Retrieved month, day, year, from URL. Authors last name, First and Second Initial. (Year, Example: Month and date). Article title. Newspaper title italicized, page numbers. Retrieved month, day, year from source. Shiva, V. (2002, July 11). Bioethics: A Third World issue. In NativeWeb. Retrieved September 15, 2003, from Example: http://www.nativeweb.org/pages/legal/shiva.html. Raspberry, W. (2003, Sep 8). No choice but rescue. Washington Post. A21. Retrieved September 9, 2003 13. An article, document, or short work from a website without an author from Lexis Nexis Academic. Web Site

Title of article, document, or short work. (Year, Month you are writing your paper, remember that you As and date if given). In Title of the website (italicized) must provide a reference to your source within the Retrieved month day, year, from URL. context or text of your paper, (called an "in text reference"). This reference must be provided for everything that you quote, paraphrase, or summarize Example: and must lead back to an entry on your works cited The media today: Truth or lies? (2002, May 14). In page. Flashpoints USA. Retrieved September 14, 2003, from APA guidelines require you to provide the name(s) of http://www.pbs.org/flashpointsusa/20030916/infocus/. the author(s), as well as the date and page numbers of the source where your quoted, paraphrased, or Interview summarized material is located. If you include the author(s)' name within the sentence with the quoted, 14. An interview conducted by you, the researcher: paraphrased, or summarized material, then you need to put According to the APA Publication Manual, because the date in parentheses behind the author(s)'name(s) and the page number in parentheses a personal, unpublished interview consists of at unrecoverable data, there is no need to cite it in the the end of the sentence. reference list. Cite personal communications in text Please see the following examples: only. Example: K.W. Schaie (personal communication, April 18, 1993) Statistical Source 15. Chart from a statistical source - Statistical Abstracts Author not mentioned in text: "To have a coherent and successful interaction, communicators must cooperate and coordinate their responses. Thus, any one interactant has the potential to exert considerable influence over the other" (Street, 2002, p. 202). Author mentioned in text:

According to Street, (2002) "To have a coherent and Author or Government agencys name. (Year). Title of statistical table. Title of source italicized. Publicationsuccessful interaction, communicators must cooperate and coordinate their responses. Thus, any one location: Publisher. interactant has the potential to exert considerable influence over the other" (p. 202). Example: Two or more Authors not mentioned in text: U.S. Census Bureau. (2002). No. 173. Population shifts in the Northeast: 2001 - 2002. Statistical Abstract of the United States. Washington DC: U.S. "Blind Date frames the reality of each date both to invoke accepted notions of aesthetics, economics, Government Printing Office. social, and intellectual abilities and to punish participants deviations from these norms" (DeRose, In Text Citations Fursich, and Haskins, 2003, p. 177). 16. APA in text citation examples Two or more Authors mentioned in text:

The following information is adapted from the 5th DeRose, Fursich, and Haskins (2003) claim that Edition of the Publication Manual of the American "Blind Date frames the reality of each date both to Psychological Association (2001) invoke accepted notions of aesthetics, economics,

social, and intellectual abilities and to punish Intro to HTML. HTML Basics. (1999, February). participants deviations from these norms" (p. 177). Retrieved September 10, 2003, from http://hotwired.lycos.com/webmonkey/96/53/ index0a.html?tw=authoring. *Please note* When a work has between three and six authors, Street, R. L. (2002). Gender Differences in Health cite all of the authors the first time. After the first Care Provider-Patient Communication: are They Due in text citation, only cite the last name of the first to Style, Stereotypes, or accommodation?. Patient Education and Counseling. 48(3), 201-206. Retrieved author followed by et al. September 10, 2003 from Academic Search Premier. DeRose et al. (2003) claim that "Blind Date frames the For reality of each date both to invoke accepted notions of more extensive information on APA style, consult the print version of the American aesthetics, economics, social, and intellectual abilities Psychological Association Publication Manual and to punish participants deviations from these located in the Information Commons Reference, norms" (p. 177). call# BF76.7 .P83 2001. No Author: When citing a work without an author, write the first few words of the title of the work followed by the date of publication. If the work is an article from a journal, magazine, website, or chapter in a book, place quotation marks around the title. If the work is an entire periodical, book, website, or brochure, italicize the title. Unknown author not mentioned in text: "HTML is the lingua franca of the Net. It's a simple, universal mark-up language that allows Web publishers to create complex pages of text and images that can be viewed by anyone else on the Web, regardless of what kind of computer or browser is being used" ("Intro to HTML," 2003) Unknown author mentioned in text: According to the site "Intro to HTML," (2003) "HTML is the lingua franca of the Net. It's a simple, universal mark-up language that allows Web publishers to create complex pages of text and images that can be viewed by anyone else on the Web, regardless of what kind of computer or browser is being used" Works Cited For Examples: DeRose, J., Elfriede F., & Haskins, E. V. (2003). Pop (Up) Goes the Blind Date: Supertextual Constraints on Reality Television. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 27(2) 171-189.