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PHYSICS FORM 4 MODULE 1


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INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS FORCES AND MOTION


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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA

MODULE 1: INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS & FORCES AND MOTION


Arahan: 1. Modul ini mengandungi tiga puluh soalan. Semua soalan adalah dalam bahasa Inggeris. 2. Modul merangkumi enam konstruk yang diuji
K1-Memahami soalan dalam Bahasa Inggeris K3-Memahami istilah sains dalam Bahasa Inggeris K5-Menguasai konstruk pengetahuan K6-Menguasai konstruk kefahaman K7-Menguasai konstruk kemahiran K8-Mengeluarkan maklumat/idea dalam Bahasa Inggeris

3. Murid hendaklah menulis maklumat diri dalam kertas jawapan objektif disediakan. Murid juga perlu memastikan maklumat konstruk, nombor soalan dan jumlah soalan seperti yang dibaca oleh guru di dalam ruangan disediakan dalam kertas jawapan objektif sebelum ujian. 4. Bagi soalan objektif, anda perlu menandakan jawapan dengan menghitamkan pilihan jawapan pada pilihan jawapan A , B , C atau D pada kertas jawapan objektif. Contoh: Antara berikut, yang manakah haiwan? A. Pokok
A B

B.

Kambing
C

C.
D

Kereta
E

D.

Pen

5. Untuk soalan subjektif, jawapan hendaklah ditulis pada kertas berasingan yang disediakan oleh guru. 6. Jawab semua soalan. Modul ini mengandungi 20 halaman bercetak

1. The speed of trolley X is 3 ms-1. The speed of trolley Y is 2 ms-1 which is 1 ms-1 less than the speed of trolley X. What are the speeds of trolley X and trolley Y?

2. The figure shows a displacement time graph of an object. The object is moving with constant displacement. displacement / m

time / s What is the physical quantity that remains constant? A. B. C. Time Displacement Time and displacement

3. The inertia of an object depends on its mass but does not depend on its weight or velocity. What does the inertia of an object depend on? A. B. C. D. 4 Mass Weight Velocity Weight and velocity

Scalar quantities are quantities that have magnitude but no direction. Vector quantities are quantities that have both magnitude and direction. A scalar quantity is a quantity that has direction only. has magnitude only. has magnitude and direction has no magnitude and no direction

An object with a mass of 5 kg is moving with a momentum of 20 kg ms-1. After 3 seconds, its displacement is 10 m. What is the momentum of the object? 3s 5 kg 10 m 20 kg ms-1

Questions 6 and 7 refer to the table below. The table shows the results of an experiment carried out to investigate the relationship between force, F applied on a spring, x and the extension of the spring. Force, F/ N 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 6. In this experiment, force, F is the fixed variable. responding variable. manipulated variable. Extension of spring, x/cm 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0

7.

extension of a spring is a B. C. fixed variable. responding variable. manipulated variable.

Questions 8 to 10 refer to the figures below. Choose the terminology that best relates to each situation shown in the figure below. 8. The figure shows a car moving towards a traffic light.

u= 20 ms-1

v = 0 ms-1

Acceleration Deceleration Constant velocity

9.

Inertia Pressure Elasticity Balanced forces

10.

Before Inertia Explosion Elastic collision Inelastic collision

After

11. The figure shows the velocity time graph of an object. v / ms-1

t/s

Which section of the graph shows an acceleration? OA OC AB BC

12. All the forces acting on an object are balanced. What is the type of motion of the object? B. C. D. The object accelerates. The object decelerates. The object moves with constant velocity. The object moves with increasing velocity.

13. Which quantity in the table below is correctly matched with its unit? Quantity acceleration speed velocity displacement Unit ms-2 ms ms2 s

A B C D

16. The figure shows a child and his mother sitting on two identical swings. They are pushed with the same amount of forces.

15. The figure shows a man tightening the head of a hammer by hitting the bottom of the handle against a hard surface.

head of hammer The swing which the mother sits on is more difficult to be moved because she has handle greater inertia. hard surface smaller inertia. greater momentum. The head of the hammer is tightened, due to the concept of lower mass and larger inertia power inertia elasticity pressure 9

10

17. Which of the following velocity-time graphs shows an object moving with uniform acceleration?

v / ms-1

v / ms-1

t/s

t/s

C v / ms-1 D v / ms-1

t/s

t/s

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18. Which vehicle has the greatest momentum? B

mlorry = 2000 kg vlorry = 20 ms-1

mlorry = 2000 kg vlorry = 15 ms-1

mbicycle vbicycle

= 200 kg = 10 ms-1

mbicycle vbicycle

= 200 kg = 5 ms-1

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19. Which of the following shows a situation with unbalanced forces? A

A lorry moving at constant velocity B

A picture frame hung on a wall

A parachute accelerating downwards D

A sampan floating on water

13

20. The figure shows a truck that moves from P to Q. Engine oil drips from the truck at equal time intervals along PQ.

P The truck is

Engine oil drop

at rest accelerating decelerating moving with constant velocity

14

21. The figure shows a section of a ticker-tape produced by a trolley.

direction of motion of trolley

.. .

.
20 cm

The time for one tick is 0.02 second. What is the average velocity of the trolley? [ average velocity = total displacement ] total time taken 10 cm s-1 20 cm s-1 100 cm s-1 200 cm s-1 22. A bus moving with an initial velocity 50 m s-1 comes to a stop. The braking distance of the bus is 500 m. Determine the deceleration of the bus. [ v2 = u2 + 2as] 2.5 m s-2 10.0 m s-2 25.0 m s-2 23. A ball has a mass of 4 kg and momentum 12 kg m s-1. What is the velocity of the ball? [ Momentum = mass x velocity ] 3 m s-1 m s-1 12 m s-1 48 m s-1

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24. The figure shows a stopwatch.

The reading of the stopwatch is 11.1 s 11.2 s 11.3 s 11.4 s

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25. The figure shows two loads connected by an inelastic string through a frictionless pulley.

pulley

inelastic string

40 N load load What is the resultant force acting on the system? 30 N 40 N 70 N 110 N 70 N

17

26. The figure shows two petrol trucks.

Truck X

Truck Y

Truck X carries petrol in one big tank while truck Y carries petrol in 3 small tanks. Truck Y is a safer truck to use compared to truck X because tanks in truck Y experience a greater pressure than tank in truck X. tanks in truck Y experience a greater momentum than tank in truck X. tanks in truck Y experience a smaller inertia than tank in truck X. D. tanks in truck Y experience a smaller acceleration than tank in truck X.

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27. The figure shows an object of mass 10 kg being pulled by a force of 100 N. The friction between the object and the surface is 10 N.

100N friction = 10N rough surface

What is the acceleration of the object? [ Force = mass x acceleration ] A. B. C. D. 9 m s-2 10 m s-2 11 m s-2 12 m s-2

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28. The figure shows the velocity time graph of a moving object. v / ms-1

t/s How is the total displacement of the object determined from the graph? ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________

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Question 29 and 30 refer to the figure. The figure shows a boy jumping off a skateboard.

29. State the direction of the motion of the skateboard when the boy jumps off. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________

30. Using the principle of conservation of momentum, explain your answer to question 29. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

KERTAS JAWAPAN OBJEKTIF Ujian Diagnostik


Nama Pelajar: Tahun/ Tingkatan : Nama Sekolah: 4 Mata Pelajaran: Modul: FIZIK 1

GUNAKAN PENSIL 2B ATAU BB SAHAJA. TENTUKAN TIAP-TIAP TANDA ITU HITAM DAN MEMENUHI KESELURUHAN RUANG. PADAMKAN HINGGA HABIS MANA-MANA TANDA YANG ANDA UBAH SILA HITAMKAN JAWAPAN DI BAWAH MENGIKUT HURUF JAWAPAN YANG ANDA PILIH

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

46 47 48 49 50 51

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Jumlah Soalan

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

42 43 44 45

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

Konstruk

No. Soalan

Bilangan Soalan Gagal Dijawab

Kegunaan Guru

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

K1 K3 K5 K6 K7 K8

1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 21-27 28-30

5 5 5 5 7 3

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E