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ARI Standard 300

2000 Standard for

Sound Rating and Sound Transmission Loss of Packaged Terminal Equipment

IMPORTANT

SAFETY DISCLAIMER AHRI does not set safety standards and does not certify or guarantee the safety of any products, components or systems designed, tested, rated, installed or operated in accordance with this standard/guideline. It is strongly recommended that products be designed, constructed, assembled, installed and operated in accordance with nationally recognized safety standards and code requirements appropriate for products covered by this standard/guideline. AHRI uses its best efforts to develop standards/guidelines employing state-of-the-art and accepted industry IMPORTANT practices. AHRI does not certify or guarantee that any tests conducted under its standards/guidelines will be non-hazardous or free from risk. SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS

Note: This standard supersedes ARI Standard 300-88. Note: This version of the standard differs from the 1988 version of the standard in the following:

a. The single number Sound Rating (SRARI) in bels has been replaced by a Sound Rating comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels expressed in decibels (dB). The set of Sound Power Levels include Octave Band Sound Power Levels (LW(n)), an A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWA), and a Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWAT). The Sound Power Levels used for the Sound Rating are all determined from the same One-Third Octave Band sound pressure measurements that are required in the 1988 version of the standard. b. The Reference Sound Source used in the sound test is calibrated in accordance with ARI Standard 250. c. ARI Standard 280 has been incorporated for obtaining optional sound data below 100 Hz. d. This standard includes the addition of an Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC). The OITC is provided in both overall A-Weighted and One-Third Octave Band forms. Future editions of this standard will eliminate the use of Sound Transmission Class (STC) in lieu of the more appropriate OITC.

Price $10.00 (M) $20.00 (NM) Printed in U.S.A

Copyright 2000, by Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute Registered United States Patent and Trademark Office

TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION Section 1. Section 2. Section 3. Section 4. Section 5. Section 6. Section 7. PAGE Purpose ...........................................................................................................................1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................1 Definitions ......................................................................................................................1 Test Requirements ..........................................................................................................2 Rating Requirements ......................................................................................................2 Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings.....................................................3 Conformance Conditions................................................................................................3

APPENDICES Appendix A. Appendix B. References - Normative ..................................................................................................4 References Informative................................................................................................5

ARI STANDARD 300-2000

SOUND RATING AND SOUND TRANSMISSION LOSS OF PACKAGED TERMINAL EQUIPMENT


Section 1. Purpose 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this standard is to establish a method to determine the Sound Rating of both the indoor and outdoor portions of Packaged Terminal Equipment. The Sound Rating is comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels that include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an AWeighted Sound Power Level; and a Tone-Adjusted AWeighted Sound Power Level. Additionally, this standard establishes a method to determine sound transmission loss for Packaged Terminal Equipment. Established are definitions; test requirements; rating requirements; minimum data requirements for Published Ratings; and conformance conditions. 1.1.1 Intent. This standard is intended for the guidance of the industry, including manufacturers, engineers, installers, contractors and users. 1.1.2 Review and Amendment. This standard is subject to review and amendment as technology advances. 3.3 One-Third Octave Band. A band of sound covering a range of frequencies such that the highest frequency is the cube root of two times the lowest. The One-Third Octave Bands used in this standard are those as defined in ANSI Standard S1.11. 3.4 Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC). The A-Weighted sound reduction calculated using its sound transmission loss in the range of 80 to 4000 Hz, as measured in accordance with ASTM Test Method E90 and ASTM Guide E966. 3.5 Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner. A wall sleeve and a separate unencased combination of heating and cooling assemblies specified by the builder and intended for mounting through the wall. It includes a prime source of refrigeration, separable outdoor louvers, forced ventilation and heating availability by purchasers choice of at least hot water, steam or electric resistance heat. 3.6 Packaged Terminal Heat Pump. A separate unencased refrigeration system installed in a cabinet of similar function and configuration to that of a packaged terminal air conditioner. It utilizes reverse cycle refrigeration as its prime heat source and has other supplementary heat source availability by purchasers with the choice of hot water, steam or electric resistance heat. 3.7 Published Ratings. A statement of the assigned values of those performance characteristics, under stated rating conditions, by which a unit may be chosen to fit its application. These values apply to all units of like nominal size and type (identification) produced by the same manufacturer. As used herein, the term Published Rating includes the rating of all performance characteristics shown on the unit or published in specifications, advertising or other literature controlled by the manufacturer, at stated rating conditions. 3.7.1 Application Rating. A rating based on tests performed at Application Rating Conditions (other than Standard Rating Conditions). 3.7.2 Standard Rating. A rating based on tests performed at Standard Rating Conditions. 3.8 Reference Sound Source (RSS). A portable, aerodynamic sound source that produces a known stable broad band sound power output. The device shall meet the performance requirements as defined in ARI Standard 250.

Section 2. Scope 2.1 Scope. This standard applies to Packaged Terminal Equipment as defined in ARI Standard 310/380.

Section 3. Definitions Definitions. All terms in this document shall follow the standard industry definitions in the current edition of ASHRAE Terminology of Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration, unless otherwise defined in this section. 3.1 A-Weighting. A frequency weighting applied to OneThird Octave Band data in accordance with the provisions of ANSI Standard S1.4A Amendment to ANSI S1.4. 3.2 Octave Band. A band of sound covering a range of frequencies such that the highest is twice the lowest. The Octave Bands used in this standard are those defined in ANSI Standard S1.11.

ARI STANDARD 300-2000 3.9 AShall@ or AShould.@ AShall@ or Ashould@ shall be interpreted as follows. 3.9.1 Shall. Where Ashall@ or Ashall not@ is used for a provision specified, that provision is mandatory if compliance with the standard is claimed. 3.9.2 Should. AShould@ is used to indicate provisions which are not mandatory but which are desirable as good practice. 3.10 Sound Power Level, LW. This is ten times the logarithm to the base ten of the ratio of the sound power radiated by the source to a reference power, expressed in decibels (dB). The reference power used in this standard is 1 picowatt (1 pW). 3.11 Sound Pressure Level, Lp. This is twenty times the logarithm to the base ten of the ratio of a given pressure to a reference sound pressure of 20Pa, expressed in decibels (dB). 3.12 Sound Rating. A set of values that characterize the sound behavior of a unit. For this standard, the Sound Rating is comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels that are derived from measured One-Third Octave Band Sound Pressure Levels. Sound Power Levels include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an A-Weighted Sound Power Level; and a Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level. 3.12.1 Application Sound Rating. A set of Sound Power Levels that characterize the sound behavior at conditions other than Standard Rating Conditions. 3.12.2 Standard Sound Rating. A set of Sound Power Levels that characterize the sound behavior at Standard Rating Conditions. 3.13 Sound Transmission Class (STC). A single-number descriptor derived from sound transmission loss values in accordance with the method described in ASTM Standard E413. 3.14 Tone Adjustment. An adjustment made to the OneThird Octave Band data to account for the subjective response to discrete frequencies (pure tones). 4.2 4.1.1 Sound Power Levels shall be determined in decibels re 1 pW for the One-Third Octave Bands with center frequencies from 100 to 10,000 Hz. Throughout this frequency range, the laboratory facility shall have been qualified for pure tone response in accordance with ANSI Standard S12.32 using frequency rather than noise source position as the independent variable. 4.1.1.1 Sound Power Levels measured and recorded in the optional 50, 63, and 80 Hz One-Third Octave Bands are determined in accordance with ARI Standard 280. 4.1.2 Sound tests for the determination of sound transmission loss shall be conducted in accordance with ASTM Standards E90 and E1332. 4.1.3 Indoor/outdoor sound tests shall be conducted in accordance with ARI Standards 350 and 270 respectively. Mounting of Equipment for Testing. 4.2.1 Indoor Sound Rating. The unit shall be mounted in accordance with the provisions of ARI Standard 350. 4.2.2 Outdoor Sound Rating. The unit shall be mounted to have the minimum protrusion outdoors as recommended by the manufacturer. In no case shall the unit be recessed. 4.2.3 Sound Transmission Loss. The unit shall be mounted in accordance with the provisions of ASTM Standard E90 with the unit not running and with the damper closed. This rating shall be calculated using the area of the outside dimensions of that portion of the wall sleeve that penetrates the outer face of the wall.

Section 5. Rating Requirements 5.1 Sound Rating. The Sound Rating is a set of Sound Power Levels derived from the One-Third Octave Sound Power Levels determined in Section 4. Sound Power Levels include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an A-Weighted Sound Power Level; and a Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level. 5.2 Sound Transmission Loss. This standard employs three distinct characterizations for sound transmission loss: a. One-Third Octave Band b. Sound Transmission Class (STC) c. Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC)

Section 4. Test Requirements 4.1 Test Requirements. All sound tests used to determine or verify indoor and outdoor Sound Ratings shall be conducted in accordance with ANSI Standard S12.32, using the comparison method and a Reference Sound Source calibrated in accordance with ARI Standard 250.

ARI STANDARD 300-2000 5.3 Rating Requirements. Indoor Sound Ratings shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of ARI Standard 350. Outdoor Sound Ratings shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of ARI Standard 270. Sound Transmission Class (STC) shall be determined in accordance with ASTM Standard E413. Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class (OITC) shall be determined in accordance with ASTM Standard E1332. 5.4 Application Ratings. Application Sound Ratings for conditions other than standard shall be based upon tests conducted at those conditions. 5.5 Rating Tolerances. Any equipment selected at random and tested in a suitably qualified laboratory in accordance with this standard, shall not have a Sound Rating higher than its published Sound Rating and shall not have STC and OITC values less than its published Standard STC and OITC values 6.2 Published Sound Ratings. Published Sound Rating shall be comprised of a set of Sound Power Levels that include Octave Band Sound Power Levels; an A-Weighted Sound Power Level; and a Tone-Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level. Published Sound Ratings shall be reported for the frequency range from 100 to 10,000 Hz. If optional low frequency data is included, it shall be clearly designated. Published Sound Ratings shall be expressed in decibels rounded to the nearest 1.0 dB. Whenever ratings are published or printed, they shall include or be accompanied by the Standard Sound Rating, clearly designated as such. Published Application Ratings shall include a statement of the conditions at which the ratings apply. The determination of Published Sound Ratings solely the responsibility of the manufacturer.

Section 7. Conformance Conditions Section 6. Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings 6.1 Published Ratings. Published Ratings shall include all Standard Ratings. All claims to ratings within the scope of this standard shall include the verbiage Rated in accordance with ARI Standard 300. All claims to ratings outside the scope of this standard shall include the verbiage Outside the scope of ARI Standard 300. Wherever Application Ratings are published or printed, they shall include a statement of the conditions at which the ratings apply. 7.1 Conformance. While conformance with this standard is voluntary, conformance shall not be claimed or implied for products or equipment within its Purpose (Section 1) and Scope (Section 2) unless such claims meet all of the requirements of the standard.

ARI STANDARD 300-2000

APPENDIX A. REFERENCES - NORMATIVE


A1 Listed here are all standards, handbooks and other publications essential to the formation and implementation of the standards. All references in this appendix are considered as part of the standard. A1.1 ANSI Standard S1.4A-1985 (R1990), Amendment to ANSI Standard S1.4-1983 (R1994) Sound Level Meters, 1990, American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 19936, U.S.A. A1.2 ANSI Standard S1.11-1986 (R1993), Specifications for Octave-Band and Fractional Octave-Band Analog and Digital Filters, 1993, American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, U.S.A. A1.3 ANSI Standard S12.32-1990 (R1996), Precision Methods for the Determination of DiscreteFrequency and Narrow-Band Noise Sources in Reverberation Rooms, 1996, American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036, U.S.A. A1.4 ARI Standard 110-97, Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Equipment Nameplate Voltage, AirConditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 1997, 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.5 ARI Standard 250-2001, Performance and Calibration of Reference Sound Sources, 2001, AirConditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.6 ARI Standard 270-95, Sound Rating of Outdoor Unitary Equipment, 1995, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.7 ARI Standard 280-95, Requirements for the Qualification of Reverberant Rooms in the 63 Hz Octave Band, 1995, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.8 ARI Standard 310/380-93, Packaged Terminal Air-Conditioners and Heat Pumps, 1993, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. (CSA-C744-93) (ANSI/ARI 310/38093). A1.9 ARI Standard 350-2000, Sound Rating of Non-Ducted Indoor Air-Conditioning Equipment, 2000, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute, 4301 North Fairfax Drive, Suite 425, Arlington, VA 22203, U.S.A. A1.10 ASHRAE Terminology of Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration, Second Edition, 1991, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1791 Tullie Circle N.E., Atlanta, GA 30329, U.S.A. A1.11 ASTM Standard E90-90, Standard Test Method for Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions, 1990, American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, U.S.A. A1.12 ASTM Standard E413-87 (R1994), Classification for Rating Sound Insulation, 1994, American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 194282959, U.S.A. A1.13 ASTM Standard E966-92, Standard Guide for Field Measurement of Airborne Sound Insulation of Building Facades and Facade Elements, 1992, American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 194282959, U.S.A. A1.14 ASTM Standard E1332-90 (R1994), Determination of Outdoor-Indoor Transmission Class, 1994, American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, U.S.A. A1.15 IEC Standard Publication 38, IEC Standard Voltages, International Electrotechnical Commission, 1983, 3, rue de Varembe, P.O. 131, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland.

ARI STANDARD 300-2000

APPENDIX B. REFERENCES INFORMATIVE


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