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## Department of Technical Education

Diploma Programme FIRST SEMESTER SUBJECT :BASICS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

## Common to E&C and EI&C

CONTACT HRS/WEEK---4 TIME ALLOCATION TOPICS UNIT-1 1. BASICS OF ELECTRICITY 2. ELECTROSTATICS 3. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION UNIT-2 4. AC FUNDAMENTALS 5. AC CIRCUITS 6 TRANSFORMERS UNIT-3 7. BATTERIES, RELAYS AND MOTORS 8. PASSIVE COMPONENTS TOTAL HRS 22 7 7 8 20 6 8 6 22 8 14 64 TOTAL CONTACT HRS/SEM--64

## CONTENTS 1 BASICS OF ELECTRICITY

Electric Current,EMF, Electric Potential,potential difference, Resistance ,Ohm's law , Specific Resistance, Series and Parallel Combination of Resistance,Kirchoff's Current and Voltage law ,Power, Energy and units.
2 ELECTROSTATICS

Electric charge, Electric field , Electric Flux, Flux Density, Field Strength,Dielectric, Dielectric constant, Dielectric Strength, permitivity, Coulomb's laws, Capacitor, Capacitance , charging and discharging of capacitor .
3 ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

Faraday's Laws and Lenz's laws ,Flux, MMF,Reluctance ,Permeability ,Self Inductance, Mutual Inductance , Energy stored in a Inductor , Inductance in Series and parallel, Coefficient of coupling, Inductive reactance and Quality Factor .
4 AC FUNDAMENTALS

Peak value, Cycle, Frequency, TimePeriod , Phase , Phase difference , RMS value, Average Value ,Form factor, Peak factor.
5 AC CIRCUITS

Pure Resistive , Inductive and Capacitive circuits, R-L, R-C and R-L-C circuits. Impedance and power factor. Principle of 3Phase system & Discuss- Star and Delta connection

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Page 2 of 10 6 TRANSFORMERS

Pinciple of operation of Transformer , EMF equation,turns ratio, Voltage transformation ratio, losses, Efficiency, Regulation , Power transformer, Classification of transformers , Auto transformer .Isolation transformer, RFT, AFT and pulse transformer--Applications
7 BATTERIES, RELAYS AND MOTORS

Cells- Types , Battery, Series and parallel combination of cells , Lead Acid Battery, Relays -Electromagnetic Relay- Terminology, Classification, Application. Principle of operation and application of DC motor, stepper motor, generator
PASSIVE COMPONENTS

Resistors-- Types , Construction , Color code Applications , LDR, VDR and Thermister , Capacitors-- Types , Construction , Color code Applications, Inductors-- Types , Costruction , Color code Applications.

REFERENCE 1 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY ----- B.L.THERAJA 2 ELEMENTS OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING M.RAJALINGAM & Dr. D.V.PRASAD

Note

For Resistor and Capacitor Color code refer web site www.electronics-tutorials.ws For Inductaor Color code refer web site www.educypedia.com

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EC103

## Department of Technical Education

Diploma Programme FIRST SEMESTER SUBJECT :BASICS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

## Common to E&C and EI&C

CONTACT HRS/WEEK---4 TOTAL CONTACT HRS/SEM--64 GENERAL OBJECTIVES: At the end the Semester the Student will be able to 1 Understand the concept of Electrostatics & Basic Electricity 2 Comprehend the Electromagnetic Induction Theory 3 Study the Basic Concept of AC Fundamentals 4 Analyse AC Circuits 5 Study the various types of Transformers ,motors and their applications 6 Comprehend the working of relays and Batteries 7 Study the various types of Passive components and their Applications TIME ALLOCATION TOPICS UNIT-1 1. BASICS OF ELECTRICITY 2. ELECTROSTATICS 3. ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION UNIT-2 4. AC FUNDAMENTALS 5. AC CIRCUITS 6 TRANSFORMERS UNIT-3 7. BATTERIES, RELAYS AND MOTORS 8. PASSIVE COMPONENTS TOTAL SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES 1 BASICS OF ELECTRICITY 1.1 Definition of Electric Current,EMF, Electric Potential potential difference, Resistance 1.2 State Ohm's law , Specific Resistance, Simple problems 1.3 limitations of Ohm's law, 1.4 Analyse Series and Parallel Combination of Resistance simple problems 1.5 State Kirchoff's Current and Voltage law with simple problems 1.6 Discuss Power, Energy and units (simple problems to be solved on related topics) ELECTROSTATICS 2.1 Definition of Electric charge, Electric field , Electric Flux Flux Density, Field Strength,Dielectric, Dielectric constant Dielectric Strength, Absolute permitivity, Relative permitivity 2.2 Coulomb's laws,Illustrate with simple problems 2.3 Definition of Capacitor, Capacitance , factors on which capacitance of capacitor depends HRS 22 7 7 8 20 6 8 6 22 8 14

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EC103 2.4 Analyse Series and parallel combination of capacitors, with simple problems 2.5 Explain charging and discharging of capacitor and time constant 3 ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION 3.1 State Faraday's Laws and Lenz's laws 3.2 Definition of Flux, MMF,Reluctance ,absolute permeability relative permeability, Self Inductance, Mutual Inductance 3.3 Expression for Energy stored in a Inductor 3.4 Analyse Inductance in Series and parallel, Co-efficient of coupling, simple problems 3.5 Discuss Inductive reactance and Definition of Quality Factor AC FUNDAMENTALS 4.1 Define Amplitude Peak value, Cycle, Frequency, TimePeriod Phase with respect to Sine Wave 4.2 Discuss Phase difference, Leading and Lagging Phase shifts 4.3 Expression for RMS value, Average Value 4.4 Discuss Form factor, Peak factor, Simple problems AC CIRCUITS 5.1 Analyse current & Voltage in a pure R, L and C circuit with phasor diagram 5.2 Analyse of AC through R-L, R-C and R-L-C circuits interms of Impedance,phase and power factor. simple problems 5.4 Principle of 3-Phase system & Discuss- Star and Delta connection and relation ( no derivation ) TRANSFORMERS 6.1 Study of principle of operation of Transformer 6.2 EMF equation,turns ratio, Voltage transformation ratio, losses, Efficiency, Regulation simple problems 6.3 Construction of Power transformer 6.4 Classification of transformer based on core, frequency. 6.5 Auto transformer - Principle & applications 6.6 uses of isolation transformer,RFT,AFT and pulse transformer

BATTERIES, RELAYS AND MOTORS 7.1 Definition of Cell, primary and Secondary cell with suitable example and their comparison 7.2 Construction of Lead Acid Battery 7.3 Analyse series and parallel combination of cells 7.4 Discuss precautions to be taken in battery maintenance 7.5 Discuss various types of batteries used in UPS and Electronic equipments 7.6 Working principle of Electromagnetic relay. Classification of relays based on the principle of operation , 7.7 polarization and applications. 7.8 List the Contact materials used in relays & list their characteristics. Principle of operation of DC Motors, Stepper Motors and DC 7.9 Generators.

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## EC103 and their applications

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EC103

PASSIVE COMPONENTS 8.1.0 RESISTORS 8.1.1 Specification of resistors-- ohmic value, Tolerance, Power rating and Thermal Stability Constructional features of carbon composition, Metal film and wire 8.1.2 wound fixed Resistors. applications of Resistors Constructional features of Carbon composition -linear and logarithmic 8.1.3 and wire wound potentiometers 8.1.4 principle of operation of LDR, VDR and Thermister . Applications of fixed Resistors, POTs , Rheostats , LDR, VDR and 8.1.5 Thermisters Identify the Resistance value by color code and letter code (BS 1852) 8.1.6 method 8.2.0 CAPACITORS 8.2.1 Specifications of Capacitor 8.2.2 Classification of Capacitors based on Dielectric materials constructional features of Fixed ( Ceramic,electrolytic,tantalum ) and 8.2.3 variable (Gang) Capacitors. 8.2.4 Identify the capacitance value by color code & letter code method. 8.2.5 Applications of capacitors. 8.3.0 8.3.1 8.3.2 8.3.3 8.3.4 INDUCTORS Specifications, Classification based on core and frequency. Identify the Inductance value by color code. Applications of Inductors.

Text BOOKS: 1 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY ----- B.L.THERAJA 2 ELEMENTS OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING M.RAJALINGAM & Dr. D.V.PRASAD For Resistor and Capacitor Color code refer web site Note www.electronics-tutorials.ws For Inductaor Color code refer web site www.educypedia.com

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MODEL QUESTION PAPER Diploma Programme FIRST SEMESTER SUBJECT :BASICS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

## Common to E&C & EI&C

TIME :3 HRS

MAX.MARKS :100

Note: 1)Section A is compulsory. 2) Answer any two main questions from each of the remaining Sections SECTION: A 1a (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) b Fill in the blanks with suitable words The unit of magnetic flux density is _________________ Auto Transformer works on the principle of ________________ The Example for secondary cell is_________________ Thermistors with positive temperature coefficient are called ____________ The unit of inductive reactance is _________ Write a note on relays SECTION: B Define the terms :i) Electric field ii ) Electric Charge iii) Dielectric constanat iv)permitivity State and explain coloumb's law Find the distance between two unit positive charges in order to experience a force of 9 Newtons Define the term 'capacitance'. List the factors on which it depends Prove that the effective capacitance of two capacitors connected in parallel is equal to the sum of their individual capacitance Expalin the charging and discharging of capacitor. State ohm's law Compute the current flowing through a conductor having a resistance of 5.6ohm when a voltage of 10 V is applied across it State and explain Faraday's Laws and Lenz's law

a b c

a b c

a b c

SECTION: C 4 a b a Define the terms Cycle, Peak Value , Frequency with reference to a SINE wave Derive an expression for RMS and Average value of a Sine wave Explain with the help of Circuit and Phasor diagram , the relation between

b c

voltage and current in series RL circuit A 12 ohm resistor is connected in series with a 15mH Inductor across a 100V, 50Hz supply. Calculate the Impedance and Power facor. Define Form factor and Peak Factor? Mention their standard values for Sinewave

a b c

What is a Transformer ? Explain its working Principle Classify Transformers on the basis of Core materials used and list their applications Write a brief note on Auto Transformer SECTION: D

a b c a b c

Distinguish between Primary and Secondary cell with suitable examples Explain the constructional details of Lead Acid Battery Explain briefly the working principle of DC Motor and list its applications What are the Passive components ? Define the terms Tolerance , Power rating of a resistor Explain the principle operation and applications of LDR

a b c

Classify capacitors on the basis of Dielectric material used Explain the constructional features of electrolytic capacitor with suitable diagram What is an Inductor ? How Inductors are classified on the basis of frequency ?

OMPONENTS

5X1

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