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here are three 7-headed, 10-hornedbeastsmentionedinthebookofRevelation(Rev.12:313:117:3). Additionally, the 7th chapterofDanielspeaksoffourbeastsrisingupfromtheocean.Arethesebeastsallthesame,oraretheydifferent? Is it possibleforustoidentifywhoorwhatthesebeastsrepresent?Inthisarticle,wearegoingtoexaminethesebeastsandattemptto identify them in order to better understand end-time prophecies. Let's start by looking at the 7-headed, 10-horned dragon spoken of in Revelation 12:

REVELATION12:3Thenanothersignappearedinheaven:an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on his heads.4Histailswept a third of thestarsoutoftheskyandflungthemtotheearth.The dragon stood in front of the woman whowasabouttogivebirth,sothathemightdevourherchildthemomentitwasborn. 5 She gave birth to ason,amalechild,whowillruleallthenationswithanironscepter. And her child was snatched up to God andtohisthrone.6Thewomanfledintothedeserttoaplace prepared for her by God, where she might be takencareoffor1,260days. 7 And there was warinheaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angelsfoughtback. 8 But he was not strong enough, and theylosttheirplaceinheaven. 9 The great dragon was hurled down that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads thewholeworldastray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him. (NIV)

Thisgreatreddragonwith7heads,10hornsand7crownsisplainlyidentifiedinthispassageasSatan,thedevil(v.9).The referenceto"hisangels"clearlyisspeakingofthefallenangelswhofollowedhisexampleofdisobedience. Notice that this 7headed representation of Satan has 7crownsonitsheads.Thesignificanceofthiswillbecomemoreevidentasweprogressin our study. Now let's look at the beast in Revelation 17 to see if it also symbolizes Satan, or if it represents someone or something else:

REVELATION 17:1 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, "Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of immorality, and those who dwell ontheearthweremadedrunkwiththewineofherimmorality." 3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven headsandtenhorns. 4 The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her immorality, 5 and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, "BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONSOFTHEEARTH." 6 And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, andwiththebloodofthewitnessesofJesus.WhenIsawher,Iwonderedgreatly.7Andthe angel said to me,"Whydoyouwonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has thesevenheadsandthetenhorns. 8 The beast that you saw was, and is not [ouk estin], and is about to come up out of the Abyss and go to destruction.Andthosewhodwellontheearth,whosenamehasnotbeenwritteninthe book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come. (NASU)

In Revelation 17:8, the angel tells John that the "beast" he saw "WAS and IS NOT and WILL COME." The language used by theangeldefinitelyimpliesatimeelement.MostscholarsdatethisprophecyrecordedbyJohntoapproximatelytheyear95CE. The angel clearly tells John that, at that point in time, the beast "is not."TheGreekphraseouk estinisinthePRESENTtense. Yet the angel says that the beast "was" in the past, and he also says that the beast "willcomeupoutoftheAbyss"inthefuture. What does this mysterious statement mean? First, let's see what this statement does NOTmean. Many Bible scholars and commentators teach that this beast represents a revivaloftheRomanempireandthatthegreatharlotistheRomanCatholicChurch. However, the time element shown here doesn'tfitwiththisidentification.AtthetimeJohnreceivedthevision,Romewasstillthedominantpowerintheworld. The angel could not have truthfully said Rome "is not" at the time this prophecy was given. Sowhoisthisbeast? To interpret this symbol correctly, it's first vital that we understand the identity of the one who comes "up outoftheAbyss."Onlywhenthisiscomprehendedcantheprophecybecorrectlyinterpreted. Therefore, we have to start by determining what the Abyss is. A passage from Luke helps set the context for the understanding the Abyss:

LUKE 8:26 Then they sailed to the country of the Gadarenes,whichisoppositeGalilee. 27 And when he stepped out on the land, there met him a certain man from the city who had demons foralongtime.Andheworenoclothes,nordidheliveinahousebutinthetombs.28When he saw Jesus, he cried out, fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, "What have I to do with you,Jesus,SonoftheMostHighGod?Ibegyou,donottormentme!"29Forhehad commanded the uncleanspirittocomeoutoftheman.Forithadoftenseizedhim,andhewas kept under guard, bound with chains and shackles; and he broke the bonds and was driven by thedemonintothewilderness. 30 Jesus asked him, saying,"Whatisyourname?"Andhesaid, "Legion," because many demonshadenteredhim. 31 And they begged him that he would not command them to go out into the Abyss.32Nowaherdofmany swine was feeding there on themountain.Sotheybeggedhimthathewouldpermitthemtoenterthem.Andhe permittedthem. 33 Then the demons went out of the man and entered the swine, and the herd ran violently down the steep place into the lake and drowned. (NKJV)

HereweseethatthedemonspossessingthismanwereterrifiedofbeingconfinedtotheAbyss. As other Scriptures indicate, the Abyss is a spiritual prison where some fallen angels and demons are currently being restrained. The Bible teaches that there are at least two different groups of fallen angels and demons: (1) Those who can move around freely, and (2) those who are now locked up in "chains of darkness." Several passages of Scripture speak of the Abyss and those spirit beings currently locked up there:

JUDE 6 And the angels who did not keep their own position, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains in deepest darkness for the judgment of the great Day. (NRSV)

II PETER 2:4 For if God did not spare the angels when they sinned, but condemned them to the chains of Tartarus and handed them over to be kept for judgment; (NAB)

IPETER3:19...Hewentand preached to the spirits in prison, 20 who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. (NKJV)

At the sounding of the 5th trumpet, this prison will be opened and the evil spirit inmates chained there freed:

REVELATION 9:1 Then the fifth angel blew his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from heaven onto the earth, and the angel was given the key to the shaft leading down to the Abyss.2Whenheunlockedtheshaftofthe Abyss, smoke rose out of the Abyss like the smoke from a huge furnace so that the sun and the sky were darkened by the smoke from the Abyss,3andoutofthesmokedroppedlocustsontotheearth: they were given the powers thatscorpionshaveontheearth: 4 they were forbidden to harm any fields or crops or trees and told to attack onlythosepeoplewhowerewithoutGod'ssealontheirforeheads. 5 They were not to kill them, but to give them anguish for five months, and the anguish was to be the anguishofascorpion'ssting. 6 When this happens, people will long for death and not find it anywheretheywillwanttodieanddeathwillevadethem. 7 These locusts looked like horses armoured for battle; they had what looked like gold crowns on their heads, and their faces lookedhuman,8andtheirhairwaslikewomen'shair,andteethlikelion'steeth. 9 They had body-armour like iron breastplates, and the noise of their wings sounded like the racket of chariots with many horsescharging. 10 Their tails were like scorpions' tails, with stings, and with their tails they were able to torture people for five months. (NJB)

ThekingorruleroverthesereleasedevilspiritsisknownasAbaddon/Apollyon(Rev.9:11)boththesenamesmean"Destroyer." For additional information on this powerful angel and his activities in the end-time, see my article "Who Is The 'Destroyer'?." This takes us back to Revelation 17:8 once more:

REVELATION 17:8 The beast, which you saw, once was, now is not, and will come up out of the Abyssandgotohisdestruction.Theinhabitantsoftheearth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the creation of the world will be astonished when they see the beast, because he once was, now is not, and yet will come. (NIV)

Abaddon, the angelic king, "was"freeontheearthatsometimeinthepast.Yetbecauseofhiswickednessandsins,Godsaw thatitwasnecessarytoimprisonhimintheAbyss.AtthetimeJohnreceivedhisvision,Abaddon"wasnot"becausehewas lockedintheAbyss. However, as the angel makes clear, this "beast" will one day soon be freed from his confinement and "will come up out of the Abyss." WhyisAbaddondescribedashavingthesameformasSatan(7heads,10horns)? Remember, Satan is the great deceiver (Rev. 12:9),amastercounterfeiter. In the end time, he and his chosen one (Abaddon, commonly known as the Antichrist) will seek to replaceGodtheFatherandHisSon,Yeshua.JustasYeshuatoldhisdisciplesthat"hewhohasseenmehasseenthe Father" (John 14:9), the one who sees the Antichrist will have, in effect, seen his spiritual father, Satan the devil. Now let's go back to the passage in Revelation 17 for an interpretation of what the 7 heads represent:

REVELATION17:9Hereisthemindwhichhaswisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a littlewhile.11 The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. (NASU)

IntheBible,amountainfigurativelyrepresentsakingdomortherulerofthatkingdom. The 7 mountains and the 7 kings referred to in Revelation 17:9-10areoneandthesame. This beast is in the same form as Satan; the heads represent earthly kingdoms that Satan has (or will) rule over. At the time John was receiving this vision (c. 95 CE), the angel tells him that 5 of the kingdoms represented by the heads of the beasthadfallen,oneheadcurrentlyexisted,andtheotherhadnotyetappeared. The angel is giving John (and us) a time sensitive clue.Fiveofthesymbolicheadsofthebeasthadalreadylostthepowertheyoncepossessed. Those 5 were: (1) Egypt (2) Assyria (3) Babylon (4) Medo-Persia, and

(5) Greece Rome was the 6thkingdom,theoneinpoweratthetimetheApocalypsewaswritten. Therefore, there remains only one more kingdom, the 7th, left to come. ThebeastwhicharisesfromtheAbyssissaidtoactuallybethe8th,buthe'softhe7alreadymentioned. We will analyze the meaning of this mysterious statement in detail a little later when we examine Daniel 7. The dream recorded in Daniel 2 which was given by the Eternal to Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar helps us to put the pieces of thispuzzletogether. This dream deals with the last five of the seven heads of the beast:

DANIEL 2:28 "But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will be in the latter days.Yourdream, and the visions of your headuponyourbed,werethese: 29 As for you, O king, thoughts came to your mind while on your bed, about what would come to pass after this; and He who reveals secrets has made known toyouwhatwillbe. 30 But as for me, this secret has not been revealed to me because I have more wisdom than anyone living, but for our sakes who make known the interpretation to the king, and that you may know thethoughtsofyourheart. 31 You, O king, were watching; andbehold,agreatimage! This great image, whose splendor was excellent, stood before you; anditsformwasawesome. 32 "This image's 1head was of fine gold, its 2chest and arms of silver, its 3belly and thighs of bronze, 33 its 4legs of iron, its 5feet partly of iron and partly of clay." (NKJV)

If we look at this description objectively, it's clear that we have 5 kingdoms described here, not the 4 usually identified by Bible scholars. Plainly the feet composed of an iron/clay mixture represent a different kingdom than the one symbolized by the legs of iron.

DANIEL 2:34 "You watched while a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces. 35 Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold were crushed together, and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; the wind carried them away so that no trace of them was found.Andthe stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.36Thisisthedream. Now we will tell the interpretation of it before the king." (NKJV)

Whoorwhatdoesthis"stonecutoutwithouthands"represent?ClearlythisissymbolicoftheMessiahandhisinaugurationof theKingdomofGodathissecondcoming.Noticethatthestonestrikesthestatueonitsfeet.Thisobviouslyindicatesthatthe kingdom represented by the feet of this image will exist at the end of this age when Yeshua returns to the earth. The prophets Isaiah (Isa. 2:2-4) and Micah (Mic. 4:1-4) both speak of the time when this stone will become a great mountain and fill the entire earth:

MICAH 4:1 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and peoplesshallflowtoit.2Manynationsshallcomeandsay,"Come,andletusgoup to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, and we shallwalkinHispaths."ForoutofZionthelawshallgoforth,andthewordoftheLORDfrom Jerusalem. 3 He shall judge between many peoples, and rebuke strong nations afar off; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall theylearnwaranymore. 4 But everyone shall sit under his vine and under his fig tree, and no one shall make them afraid; for the mouth of the LORD of hosts has spoken. (NKJV)

Now let's begin to identify the 5 kingdoms represented by the different parts of the image:

DANIEL2:37"You,Oking,areakingofkings. For the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, strength, and glory; 38 and wherever the children of men dwell, or the beasts of the field and the birds of the heaven, He has given them into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all you are this head of gold." (NKJV)

WeareclearlytoldthattheheadofgoldonthisstatueisNebuchadnezzar,kingofBabylon. Remember, a king represents his kingdomintheBible.Whatdoesthetotalimagerepresent? Because we are given the starting point (Nebuchadnezzar's Babylonian empire) and the ending point (the commingled empire represented by the feet and toes which is defeated by Messiah at hisreturn),wecandeducethatthisimagerepresents5ofthe7headsthatJohnsawonthebeastofRevelation17. The 1st and 2ndsatanickingdoms(EgyptandAssyria)hadalreadyfallenatthetimeofNebuchadnezzar'sdream.Therefore,theywere excluded from the image.

DANIEL 2:39 "But after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to yours; then another, a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth." (NKJV)

Just as Daniel foretold, Nebuchadnezzar's Babylon was followed by the Medo-Persianempire. The Medo-Persian empire was conquered by Alexander the Great's Greek empire, which at its peak stretched from India to Europe.

DANIEL 2:40 "And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and like iron that crushes, that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others." (NKJV)

Although it had been around for several centuries, the Roman empire rose to prominence and great power on the world scene in the1stcenturyBCE. With their compelling military might, Rome crushed the remnants of the other kingdoms that had come beforethem. Just as the image had two iron legs, the Roman empire in its latter days was divided into the Eastern empire based out of Constantinople and the Western empire headquartered in Rome.

DANIEL 2:41 "Whereas you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter's clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just as you saw the iron mixedwithceramicclay. 42 And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, sothekingdomshallbepartlystrongandpartlyfragile. 43 As you saw iron mixed with ceramic clay, they will mingle with the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay." (NKJV)

This 5th kingdom, although composed partly of iron, is not part of the Roman empire any more than the Roman empire before it waspartoftheGreekempire.ThesekingdomsaregroupedtogetherbecausetheyareallearthlykingdomsthatSatanhasbeen(or willbe)allowedtorule. This final, end-timeempirewillbeamixtureofspiritbeings(iron)andhuman(clay). This is the meaning ofthemysteriousstatement"theywillminglewiththeseedofmen"foundinDaniel2:43. At the end of this age, Revelation 9 shows that the sons of God (fallen angels) and their hybrid offspring will once again roam free on the earth, just as they did before the Flood. The one overriding principle about the Bible is that it was written about and forthepeopleofGod. Daniel's interpretation helps ustocorrectlyidentifythekingdomsrepresentedbythesevenheadsofthebeastinRevelation17. We can know that the kingdoms listed above are correct, because each of those seven has or will exercise authority and rule over God's chosen people Israel.That'sthecommondenominatorthattiesthesesevensatanichumanempirestogetherandmakesthemrepresentativeofall the kingdoms of this world ruled by Satan.

DANIEL 2:44 And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in piecesandconsumeallthesekingdoms,anditshallstandforever. 45 Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the
1iron, the 2bronze, the 3clay, the 4silver, and the 5gold the great God has made known to

the king what will come topassafterthis.Thedreamiscertain,anditsinterpretationis sure." (NKJV)

Onceagain,weseethat5areindicatedhere,notthe4normallyidentified. In verse 44, the phrase "in the days of these kings" referstothetenkingsrepresentedbythetoesofthestatue.WeknowfromDaniel7:24andRevelation17:12thatthesetenkings appear in the end-timeandgivetheirpowertotheAntichrist. This identifies the time period of the kingdom represented by the feet orironandclay. The Messiah will destroy this entire satanic system, which has ruled the earth since the fall in the Garden, at his coming. Now let's go back to Revelation 17 for confirmation of what we've just reviewed:

REVELATION 17:12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have onepurpose,andtheygivetheirpowerandauthoritytothebeast. 14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings,andthosewhoarewithHimarethecalledandchosenandfaithful." 15 And he said to me, "The waters which you saw where the harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations andtongues.16Andthe ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, andwilleatherfleshandwillburnherupwithfire. 17 For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by givingtheirkingdomtothebeast,untilthewordsofGodwillbefulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth." (NASU)

Plainlywearetoldthatthewomanridingthebeastrepresentsthegreatcitywhichrulesoverthekingsoftheearth. In Scripture, two spiritual cities are discussed: (1) Jerusalem above (Gal. 4:26), and (2) Babylon the Great. This woman, a harlot because of her spiritual adulteries, represents Satan's entire religious-economic system, called "Babylon the Great."ItispatternedaftertheBabelfoundedbytheantetypeoftheAntichrist,Nimrod.Itiscalled"BabylontheGreat"because itistheculminationoftheglobalgovernmentwhichwasfirstattemptedunderNimrodattheTowerofBabel.Thissystemis supported and promoted by the earthly kingdoms Satan has been allowed to rule, represented by the beast with 7 heads. Now let's look at the 3rd 7-headed, 10-horned beast mentioned in Revelation:

REVELATION13:1...AndIsaw a beastcomingoutofthesea.Hehadten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on his horns,andoneachheadablasphemousname.2ThebeastI saw resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion. The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority. (NIV)

Thisbeastissaidtocomeupoutofthesea.InScripture,theseaoftensymbolicallyrepresentsthenationsoftheworld. However,theseacanalsorepresenttheAbyss.InJewishthought,theAbysswasassociatedwiththeoceandepths.Speakingof the Septuagint, which was the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures in use at the time of Christ, The New Unger's Bible Dictionarysays:"The LXX renders Heb. tehom, 'the primeval ocean' (Gen. 1:2; Ps. 24:2; etc.) as 'abyss.'" (Abyss, p. 18). So while this aspect of the vision represents the rise of the beast from among the nations, it is likely dual in that it also represents the rise of Abaddon from the depths of the Abyss after his release at the 5th trumpet. Verse1alsotellsusthateachofthe10hornshasacrown,representingrulershipandauthority. In verse 2, we see that this beast haspartsfromaleopard,abear,andalion.Thisseemstotietheidentificationofthebeastherewiththe4beastsDanielsawin hisvisionrecordedinDaniel7. Let's now examine that prophecy in more detail, for it will help enlighten us on the meaning of Revelation 13.

DANIEL 7:1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon, Daniel had a dream and visions of his headashelayinhisbed.Thenhewrotedownthedream,andtoldthesumofthematter. 2 Daniel said, "I saw in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of heaven were stirring up thegreatsea. 3 And four great beasts came up out of the sea, different from one

another. 4 The first was like a lion and had eagles' wings.ThenasIlookeditswingswere plucked off, and it was lifted up from the ground and made to stand upon two feet like a man; andthemindofamanwasgiventoit. 5 And behold, another beast, a second one, like a bear. It was raised up on one side; it had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and it was told,'Arise,devourmuchflesh.'6AfterthisIlooked,andlo,another, like a leopard, with four wings of a bird on its back; and the beast had four heads; and dominion was given toit.7AfterthisIsawinthenightvisions,andbehold,a fourth beast, terrible and dreadful and exceedingly strong; and it had great iron teeth; it devoured and broke in pieces, and stamped the residuewithitsfeet.Itwasdifferentfromallthebeaststhatwere before it; and it had ten horns. (RSV)

Herewehavethe4beastsDanielsawinhisvisiondescribed.The1stbeastisacompositeoftwoanimals,alionandaneagle. The 2nd beast was a bear, the 3rd a four-headedleopard,andthe4thanunnamed,terrifyingbeastwith10horns.Mostbiblical scholars teach that these 4 beasts are the same 4 kingdoms identified in Daniel 2 (Babylon, Medo-Persia,Greece,Rome). The 4 beasts of Daniel 7 do correspond to these kingdoms in a way sometimes seen in the Scriptures, but they are not the same. In this vision, Daniel sees the 4 beasts rise up from the sea, which symbolically shows that these kingdoms would arise to world powerfromamongthenationsoftheworld.However,Babylonhadalreadyrisenupfromthe"sea"manyyearsbefore"thefirst yearofBelshazzarkingofBabylon"(Dan.7:1). Indeed, the Babylonian empire only had a few years of existence left when Daniel receivedthisvision. While Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome were certainly types of the 4 symbolic beasts, logically we must look elsewhere for the final fulfillment of this prophecy. Before we identify the earthly kingdoms represented by the 4 beasts of Daniel 7, we need to understand the governing premise behindthismatter. King Solomon gives us the guiding principle in the beginning of the book of Ecclesiastes:

ECCLESIASTES 1:9 That which has been is what will be, that which is done is what will be done,andthereisnothingnewunderthesun.10Isthereanythingofwhich it may be said, "See,thisisnew"?Ithasalreadybeeninancienttimesbeforeus.(NKJV)

Remember,asnotedearlier,theBiblewaswrittenforandaboutGod'speople. With this principle and Solomon's admonition directing our understanding, the specific identification of these beasts becomes more certain. Let'slookatthefirst4kingdomsrepresentedinDaniel2andestablishthepatternpresentedthere. The kingdoms started with BabylonandranconsecutivelytoRome.WhenwelookatthesituationoftheHouseofJudahatthebeginningandendofthe period when these 4 kingdoms ruled over the Holy Land compared to the situation of Judah during the reign of the 4 beasts of Daniel 7, a fascinating "mirror image" of events becomes evident. JudahwasanindependentnationwhenBabylon(theheadofgold)rosetopower. Although the fortunes of the Jews changed several times during the intervening centuries, by the time Rome (the legs of iron) fell, the Jews had been scattered throughout the worldbytheRomansinwhatcametobeknownas"theDiaspora." Each of the 4 kingdoms of Daniel 2 (Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome) played a large part (both negative and positive) in what happened to the Jews during this time period. As we examine the identity of the 4 beasts of Daniel 7, you'll see how this pattern of events is reversed during the time of these 4 kingdomsattheendoftheageofmankind.Whenthe1stbeastrisesup,JudahisstillscatteredintheDiaspora. After the 4th beasthasarisen,Judahonceagainbecomesanindependentnation.Byrelatingthebeaststotheanimalsrepresentingthemand end-time events affecting Judah, we can identify who these entities represent. The1stbeast,likealionwiththewingsofaneagle,representsGreatBritainandheroffspring,theUnitedStates.Thelionhaslong beenthenationalsymbolofGreatBritain,andtheeagleisthenationalsymboloftheUSA. The plucking of the eagle's wings from thisbeastrepresentstheseparationoftheAmericancoloniesfromGreatBritainin1776. With that event, the character of the Britishempirewaschanged,astheprophecyshows. Along with the eagle's wings, it lost the heart of a lion, and that heart was replacedbytheheartofaman.NolongerdidGreatBritaininspireterrorintheworld,asthebrutepowerofaliondoes. Instead, itusedhumancunningtoholdontopowerandterritory. Since then, Britain has gradually lost its colonies and its might. Beingthe1stbeastmentioned,GreatBritainbeginsthestoryoftherebirthofthemodernnationofJudahcalled"Israel."Itwas GreatBritainthatinitiatedthereturnofJewstotheHolyLandthroughtheissuanceoftheBalfourDeclarationinNovember1917. This declaration, from British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild, head of the Zionist Federation in Great Britain, was written to show Rothschild that the British government supported the objective of a homeland for the Jews in the Holy Land.TheBritishhopedtorealizefurtherJewishsupportfortheAlliesinWWI.TheBalfourDeclarationbecamethe cornerstone of international support for the founding of the modern state of Israel.

Five short weeks after the Balfour Declaration was published, British General Allenby captured Jerusalem from the Axis Turkish forcesdefendingit.ByDecember9,1917,theTurkisharmyhadfledthecity. On December 11, General Allenby entered Jerusalem on foot through the Jaffa Gate. ThebearisthenationalsymbolofRussia. This 2nd beast that rises up has three ribs in its mouth, and these ribs tell the bear to "ariseanddevourmuchflesh"(Dan.7:5). In Hebrew, the word for "rib" literally means "side" and can be used to refer to that whichsupportssomething.InRussia,theMarxistdoctrinesofthefoundersofmoderncommunism,KarlMarx,Frederick Engels,andVladimirLeninhavesupportedtheaimsandactionsofRussia.Allofthesemenpromotedtheworldwidespreadof communistrulethroughforceorviolence.IntheirManifesto of the Communist Party,KarlMarxandFrederickEngelswrote: "TheCommunistsdisdaintoconcealtheirviewsandaims.Theyopenlydeclarethattheirendscanbeattainedonly by the forcible overthrowofallexistingsocialconditions.Lettherulingclassestrembleatacommunist revolution.Theproletarianshavenothingtolosebuttheirchains.Theyhaveaworldtowin" ("Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties").Hencetheribs'announcementto"devourmuch flesh." This Russia has done; since its founding in 1917, communist Russia has been responsible for tens of millions of deaths, many of them her own people. Russia'spartintherebirthofJudahismuchmorenegativethanBritain's,butjustaseffective.Severalpogroms(mobattacks condoned or encouraged by the czarist Russian authorities) had taken place against the Jews in Russia in the decades before the 1917revolution,forcingabout2millionJewstofleetotheUnitedStatesandEurope.Becauseoftheoppressivenessoftheczarist forces, most Russian Jews supported the Bolshevik revolutionaries. However, both the Bolshevik Red Army and the counter-revolutionary White Army were guilty of mistreating and massacring Jews afterthestartoftherevolution. After the victory of the communist forces, the Soviet regime came to regard assimilation and consolidationastheonlysolutiontoRussia'sJewishproblem. In the face of Zionist calls for a Jewish homeland, Lenin declared that "there is no basis for a separate Jewish nation," and regarding a "national Jewish culture - the slogan of the rabbis and the bourgeoisie - this is the slogan of our enemies." The Soviet government caused the financial ruin of most Russian Jews through the termination of private commerce and the seizureofpropertyandgoods.HundredsofthousandsofJewishfamilieslosttheirmeansofmakingaliving. These policies caused about 300,000 Jews to leave the Soviet-controlled territories for the Baltic states, Poland, and Rumania. Russia'snewatheisticcommunistgovernmentalsowagedafiercebattleagainstRussianJudaismanditsleaders.Heavytaxes wereimposedontherabbisandotherreligiousofficialstotryandforcethemtoleavetheirpositions.Acampaignwasalso initiatedagainsttheHebrewlanguage.ThestudyofHebrewwasprohibited,andbookscouldnotbepublishedinthelanguage. These actions continued through World War II and were the motivation for many religious Jews to flee to the Holy Land after the War. The3rdbeast,theleopardwithfourheadsandfourbird'swingsonitsback,issomewhatmoredifficulttoidentify. However, the characteristicsoftheleopardhelpustorecognizetheentityitrepresentsinthisprophecy. Leopards are known for their swift and lethalattack. In a mechanical emulation of the fleet assault of a leopard, Adolf Hitler's Germany waged blitzkrieg ("lightning war") against its enemies using PanzerforcesduringWorldWarII.Thesecat-quick attacks disorganized enemy forces through the use of speed, surprise, and superior firepower and led to the Third Reich's conquest of mainland Europe during the early years of the war. Interestingly,anothernamefortheleopardis"panther."Thebigcats- the lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar, and others - belong to the genus Panthera.Notcoincidentally,theGermanshavelongdisplayedanaffinityforthebigcats. In fact, Germany's two main PanzerbattletanksinWWIIwerenamedtheTigerandthePanther. Now the Leopard tank is the backbone of Germany's armored forces. Whilethesymbolismofthewingsisfarfromcertain,wecandrawacluefromthepairofeagle'swingsonthefirstbeast. Just as that pair of wings represented a nation (the United States), so also the two pairs of wings on the back of the leopard could represent the Axis nations which aligned themselves with Germany in WWII (Italy and Japan). ThefourheadsoftheleopardrepresentthedivisionofGermanyintofourregionsafteritsdefeatinWWII. The eastern half was controlledbyRussia,whilethewesternhalfwassplitbetweenGreatBritain,theUnitedStates,andFrance. Later these western sections were joined into what became West Germany. HistoryconfirmsthatHitler'sThirdReichprovidedagreatimpetusfortheformationofanindependentJewishnation. The death ofapproximatelysixmillionJewsintheNaziHolocaust,whiletragicbeyondwords,wasnotinvain.OnceWWIIendedandthe scope of the Nazi plan to exterminate the Jews was grasped, there was much international sympathy for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in the land commonly known as "Palestine." The4thbeasttakesustothepointoftherebirthoftheJewishnation. This beast reverses the cycle originated at the time of Nebuchadnezzar'sBabylon.The4thbeastseenbyDaniel,whichappearedtobehorrible,strong,andunlikeanyoftheothers,has

torepresenttheentitywhichplayedthegreatestroleintheformationofmodernIsrael. This 4th beast represents the fledgling global government of the United Nations. The following historical information comes from the United Nation's web site:

The name "United Nations" was devised by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the "Declaration by United Nations" of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers. The United Nations Charter was drawn up by the representatives of 50 countries at the United Nations ConferenceonInternationalOrganization,whichmetatSanFranciscofrom25Aprilto26June1945.Those delegates deliberated on the basis of proposals worked out by the representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States at Dumbarton Oaks in August-October1944.TheCharterwas signed on26June1945bytherepresentativesofthe50countries.Poland,whichwasnotrepresentedatthe Conference, signed it later and became one of the original 51 Member States. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and by a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year. (History of the UN)

Fromtheverybeginning,theUnitedNationshashadagreatinterestintheHolyLand,particularlyJerusalem.GeneralAssembly Resolution 181, issued by the United Nations on November 29, 1947, outlined the formation of Jewish and Arab states in Palestine. Additionally, it called for Jerusalem to become an international city under the control of the UN:

The City of Jerusalem shall be established as a corpus separatum under a special international regime and shallbeadministeredbytheUnitedNations.The Trusteeship Council shall be designated to discharge the responsibilities of the Administering Authority on behalf of the United Nations. (A/RES/181(II) (A+B), Part IIICity of Jerusalem, Section A-Special Regime)

TheJewsacceptedtheUNpartitionofPalestine,eagertohaveahomelandoftheirown. However, the Palestinian Arabs rejected the planned division of the land; with the help of the surrounding Arab nations, the Palestinians sought to destroy the Jews and the hope of a Zionist state. This Jewish/Arab conflict led to the declaration of the state of Israel on May 14, 1948, and the ensuing Jewish war for independence.Despiteoverwhelmingodds,theJewswereabletodefeatthesuperiorforcesoftheinvadingArabnationsthrough theinterventionoftheGodofAbraham,IsaacandJacob. Due to the Jewish victory over the Arabs, the resulting Jewish state ended up being larger than that planned by the UN. From the beginning of the Jewish state, the United Nations as a whole has displayed an antagonisticattitudetowardIsrael. Israel became a member of the UN on May 11, 1949; however, Israel is the only member-state in the UN that has been prevented from belongingtoaregionalgroup. For this reason, Israel cannot be elected as a non-permanentmemberoftheSecurityCouncil.This situationhasalsopreventedIsraelfromparticipatinginmuchofthestandardworkoftheUN. Israel cannot vote for or be elected tomanyoftheUN'scentralorganizations.ThisconditionviolatesArticle2oftheUNCharter,whichoutlinestheprincipleofthe "sovereign equality of all Member states." Following the Six-Day War of June 1967, the Middle East situation was discussed by the UN General Assembly, which directed theissuetotheSecurityCouncil.Afterlengthydiscussion,afinaldraftforaSecurityCouncilresolutionwasintroducedbythe British Ambassador, Lord Caradon, on November 22, 1967; it was adopted on the same day. Resolution 242, as it was known, established provisions and principles which were supposed to lead to a solution of the ArabIsraeliconflict.OneoftheprovisionsinthisResolutionindirectlydealtwiththecityofJerusalem. The Resolution stated that the acquisition of territory by war was inadmissible; therefore, the UN required withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from the territories it occupiedintheconflict. Of course, this included the eastern part of the city of Jerusalem, which had been under Jordanian control. Fromthatpointforward,Resolution242becamethecornerstoneofdiplomaticeffortsintheMiddleEast. Despite the fact that Jerusalem had been the ancient capital of Israel, and despite that fact that Israel was not the aggressor in the Six-Day War, the United Nations voted that Israel must return the territory it had taken while defending itself against the Arab invasion.

In the 1973 Yom Kippur War, after Israel had fended off the Syrian attack on the Golan Heights and established a bridgehead on theEgyptiansideoftheSuezCanal,internationaleffortstostopthefightingintensified.USSecretaryofStateHenryKissinger flewtoMoscowonOctober20,1973. Jointly with the Soviet Union, the US submitted a cease-fire resolution to the UN Security Council.TheCouncilmetonOctober21attheurgingofboththeUSandtheUSSR,andby14votestonone,adopted Resolution 338. This Resolution called upon the warring parties to immediately halt all military activities, and to start implementing all parts of Security Council Resolution 242 promptly after the cease-fire. Once again, even though Israel had been the victim of an attack designed to destroy them, the United Nations said they had to return the land they had acquired while defending themselves. Resolutions242and338havebeenthefoundationofallUNrelationswithIsraelinthepastthreedecades.SincetheOslo Accordpeacetalksbeganin1993,IsraelileadershavedonemuchtotryandappeasethePalestinianArabsandtheUN.TheArab peopleingeneral,andthePalestiniansinparticular,continuetoassertaclaimonJerusalem. They maintain that the eastern half of themoderncity,whichincludestheoldcityandtheTempleMount,istheirs.TheUNagreesthatJerusalemisnot the property of Israel. On December 1, 1999, the UN General Assembly, by a vote of 139 to 1 (Israel), with 3 abstentions (Swaziland, Uzbekistan and US), held that Israel's imposition of its own laws, jurisdiction and administration on the Holy City of Jerusalem is illegal, null and void.Threethousandyearsofhistoryapparentlydoesn'tcarrymuchweightwiththeUnitedNations.Itwon'tbelongbeforethe armies of this dreadful beast encircle Jerusalem to enforce its mandates (Luke 21:20-24), just as the Roman army did in the 1st century. The United Nations, the "terrible" 4th beast of Daniel 7, will soon supplant the governments of the other beasts (the United States, GreatBritain,Russia,Germany,andtherestoftheworld)andwillbegintoruletheearthintheirplace.TheUnitedNations reportedlyhastheworlddividedinto10administrativeregions.WhentheUnitedNationsgovernmentbeginsrulingtheworldafter the destruction unleashed by the opening of the 4th seal (Rev. 6:7-8),theseareaswillbeheadedbythe10hornsofthebeast. These 10 kings (represented by the 10 horns on the 4th beast and the 10 toes on the statue of Daniel 2) will rule over these administrative regions.

DANIEL 7:8 I considered the horns, and behold, there came up among them another horn, a little one, before which three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots; and behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things. (RSV)

The 10 horns we see in this prophecy correspond to the 10 horns we saw earlier in Revelation 13:1 and 17:3; additionally, they are thesameasthe10toesweseeonthestatueinDaniel2. From these parallel prophesies, we know that the 10 represent end-time rulersofthe"NewWorldOrder"whichwillariseundertheframeworkoftheUnitedNations.Thelittlehornthatascendsamong themiscommonlyunderstoodtobetheAntichrist.WenowknowhimalsoasAbaddon/Apollyon,angelickingoftheAbyss (Rev. 9:11).

DANIEL 7:9 As I looked, thrones were placed and one that was ancient of days took his seat; his raiment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames, itswheelswereburningfire. 10 A stream of fire issued and came forth from before him; a thousand thousands served him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; the court sat in judgment, and the books were opened. (RSV)

HereweseeapictureofGodtheFatheronHisthroneinheaven. From what we are told, we can see that judgment is about to take place.

DANIEL 7:11 I looked then because of the sound of the great words which the horn was speaking. And as I looked, the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given over to be burnedwithfire. 12 As for the rest of the beasts, their dominion was taken away, but their lives were prolonged for a season and a time. (RSV)

TheAntichrist,whowasblasphemingtheEternal,isjudgedworthyofdeathandisdestroyed,alongwithhiskingdom. Interestingly,however,theotherbeastswhichcameupoutoftheseabeforehimwerenottotallydestroyed. Instead, they had theirpowertakenawayfromthem,buttheycontinuedtoexistasidentifiableentities. Verse 12 clearly tells us that the first 3 beasts,orhumankingdoms,willexistafterthereturnofMessiah. Clearly the kingdoms of Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece no

longerexistandhavenotexistedformanycenturies. The first 3 beasts therefore cannot be Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece.

DANIEL 7:13 I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and waspresentedbeforehim.14And to him was given dominion and glory and kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed. (RSV)

Now the vision shows the Eternal giving all the kingdoms of the world to His son, the Messiah.

DANIEL 7:15 "As for me, Daniel, my spirit within me was anxious and the visions of my head alarmedme.16Iapproachedoneofthosewhostoodthereandaskedhim the truth concerningallthis. So he told me, and made known to me the interpretation of the things. (RSV)

Danieldidn'tunderstandthevision,soheapproachedoneoftheangelsstandingnearbyandaskedhimtointerpretit. The rest of the chapter is the interpretation given by God through the angel:

DANIEL 7:17 'These four great beasts are four kings who shallariseoutoftheearth. 18 But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, for ever and ever.' (RSV)

Hereweareplainlytoldthatthesebeastsrepresent4humankingdomsthatwillarise. But the final outcome will be that the kingdoms of the world will be given to Yeshua the Messiah and his co-heirs, the saints.

DANIEL 7:19 Then I desired to know the truth concerning the fourth beast, which was different from all the rest, exceedingly terrible, with its teeth of iron and claws of bronze; and which devoured and broke in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet; 20 and concerning the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn which came up and before which three of them fell, the horn which had eyes and a mouth that spoke great things, and which seemed greaterthanitsfellows. 21 As I looked, this horn made war with the saints, and prevailed over them, 22 until the Ancient of Days came, and judgment was given for the saints of the Most High, and the time came when the saints received the kingdom. (RSV)

Daniel was so upset by the 4th of these 4 beasts that he skipped the first 3 and asked the angel to explain it, as well as the 10 horns onitsheadandtheotherhornthataroseamongthe10. This other horn is said to have made war against the saints and defeated them until God the Father pronounced judgment in the favor of the saints.

DANIEL7:23"Thushesaid:'Asforthefourth beast, there shall be a fourth kingdom on earth, which shall be different from all the kingdoms, and it shall devour the whole earth, and trample it down, and break it to pieces.' (RSV)

This 4th beast, which is different from the first 3, consumes the whole world through violence.

DANIEL 7:24 'As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom ten kings shall arise, and another shall arise after them; he shall be different from the former ones, and shall put down three kings.' (RSV)

The10hornsareshowntobe10kingsthatariseasaresultoftheascendanceofthis4th,globalrulingkingdom. We are told the "other horn" arises afterthese10kings,anduproots3ofthekings. It's clear that these 10 kings who rule the earth through the comingglobalgovernment(theUnitedNations)willexistsimultaneously. Clearly the Antichrist is different from them; whereas theyarehumanrulers,heisanangelicking. He will put down 3 of the rulers of this global kingdom in his bid for power.

DANIEL 7:25 'He shall speak words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and shall think to change the times and the law; and they shall be given into his hand for a time, two times, and half a time.' (RSV)

A"time"intheBibleisgenerallyayear(cf.Dan.4:16,23,25,32).TheAntichristwillblasphemeGodandwillbegivenauthority overthesaintsfor3years(Rev.13:5).

DANIEL 7:26 'But the court shall sit in judgment, and his dominion shall be taken away, to be consumedanddestroyedtotheend. 27 And the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven shall be given to the people of the saints of the Most High; their kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey them.'28"Hereistheendofthematter.Asforme,Daniel,mythoughtsgreatlyalarmedme, and my color changed; but I kept the matter in my mind." (RSV)

In the end, the Antichrist will be defeated, his kingdom destroyed, and the kingdoms of the world given to Yeshua the Messiah and the saints. Now that we've looked in depth at Daniel 7, let's go back to Revelation 13 and use what we've found to better understand the beast described there.

REVELATION 13:1 Then I saw a beast come out of the sea with ten horns and seven heads; on itshornsweretendiadems,andonitsheadsblasphemousname(s). 2 The beast I saw was like aleopard,butithadfeetlikeabear's,anditsmouthwaslikethemouthofalion.Toitthe dragon gave its own power and throne, along with great authority. (NAB)

WeseefromRevelation13:1thatthisbeasthas7heads. If we count the total number of heads on the 4 beasts seen by Daniel, theyaddupto7also. Revelation 13:2 describes the 7-headedbeastasacompositeofthe4beastsDanielsaw.Thebeastin Revelation 13 is the 4th beast Daniel saw (the United Nations), viewed by John after it had subdued and absorbed the first 3 beasts. Just as with Daniel's beasts, this one rises from the sea. This kingdom is given power, rulership, and authority by Satan. If you will notice, the dominant characteristic of this beast is that of the 3rd kingdom Daniel saw, the German nation and its WWII conquerors,theUnitedStates,Russia,Britain,andFrance.It'ssaidtobe"likealeopard,"andfourofthesevenheadsarethe headsoftheleopard. Clearly these nations will have a large impact on the shaping of the "New World Order."

REVELATION 13:3 I saw that one of its heads seemed to have been mortally wounded, but this mortal wound was healed.Fascinated,thewholeworld followed after the beast. (NAB)

Notice that one of the heads seemedtohavebeenmortallywounded. Which head was it, and what was this apparently deadly injury that the beast suffered? The deadly wound will seem to be inflicted on the head of Daniel's 4th beast when the 3 horns (kings) are uprooting by Abaddon, thelittlehornfromDaniel'svision.Thisglobalempire,theUnitedNations,whichwillultimatelytakeovertheentireworld,willin turnbeconqueredbyAbaddon,thekingoftheAbyss. But instead of totally destroying this satanic organization, Abaddon will appropriateitforhimselfanduseittoruleovertheearth.Remember,akingissynonymouswithhiskingdomintheBible.That's whybothAbaddonandhiskingdomarecalled"thebeast."The power of Satan will be granted to this evil angelic king and his kingdom, and his sudden rise to power will amaze and impress the whole world.

REVELATION 13:4 They worshiped the dragon because it gave its authority to the beast; they also worshiped the beast and said, "Who can compare with the beast or who can fight against it?" (NAB)

Thewholeworldwillworshipthedragonbecauseofthepowerhegavetothebeast.TheywillalsoworshipAbaddonhimself. Due to Abaddon's demonstrated power in taking control of the United Nations, the world will think nothing or no one can defeat this "Beast."

REVELATION 13:5 The beast was given a mouth uttering proud boasts and blasphemies, and it was given authority to act for forty-two months. 6 It opened its mouth to utter blasphemies against God, blaspheming his name and his dwelling and those who dwell in heaven.7Itwasalsoallowed to wage war against the holy ones and conquer them, and it was grantedauthorityovereverytribe,people,tongue,andnation. 8 All the inhabitants of the earth will worship it, all whose names were not written from the foundation of the world in the book of life, which belongs to the Lamb who was slain. (NAB)

Thispassageclearlytiesthe"beast"backtothelittlehornspokenofinDanielchapterseven. Daniel 7:8, 11, 20, 25 mention the arrogant, blasphemous words spoken by the little horn, and Daniel 7:25 tells us that the little horn is given power over the saints "foratimeandtimesandhalfatime."Thisisayear,twoyears,andahalfyear,whichequals3years,or42months. It is evident that the beast of Revelation 13 is a world-ruling, satanically-inspiredgovernmentwhichrisesupintheendtime. This government, the United Nations, will be dealt an apparently lethal blow by the appearance of Abaddon and the destruction he bringswhenreleasedfromtheAbyss. However, this seemingly fatal wound will be healed when Abaddon commandeers the United Nations and begins to rule using its governmental structure. ThereareafewotherpassagesofScripturewhicharerelevanttothistopic.Leviathan,a7-headed beast from the sea, is a type of the beast discussed in several Old Testament Scriptures. First, to get a little background on Leviathan, let's examine what some biblical scholars have to say about this sea monster. The New Unger's Bible Dictionary states:

Since the discovery of the Ras Shamra religious texts in Syria on the site of ancient Ugarit, it has become evident that there is a parallel between the seven-headed Canaanite monster Lotan of prevailing mythology, 1700-1400B.C.,andthebiblicalleviathan.Isaiahseemstoemploythis ancient mythological idea of the destroyed leviathan poetically (Isa. 27:1) to symbolize the Judgment Day when God will triumph over the threatening evil of this world system. (p.73,"AnimalKingdom")

The Oxford Companion to the Bible records this of Leviathan:

A mythological sea monster who is one of the primeval adversariesofthestormgod.IntheUgaritictexts, Baal defeats Lothan (ltn, a linguistic variant of Leviathan), described as a seven-headed serpent, apparently identified with Baal's adversary PrinceSea....InJob 41, Leviathan is described as fully under God's control, a divine pet (vv. 4-5;cf.Ps.104.26).ManycommentatorshaveequatedtheLeviathanofJob41withthe crocodile, and someelementsofthedescriptionseemtofitthisidentification.Butothers,likehisbreathing fire (vv. 19-21), donot..."(pp.433-434, "Leviathan")

The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia has this to say about Leviathan:

Lotan(orLitan...),theadversaryofBaaland Anath in the Ugaritic myths, has long been recognized as the equivalentofOTLeviathan...AmongtheseveralreferencestoLotanintheUgariticliterature...isone especially impressive parallel to Isa. 27:1 (UT, 67:I:1-3):"WhenyousmoteLotanthefleeingserpent,you made an end of the twisting serpent, the mighty one of seven heads" (cf. also Ps. 74:14). (p.109,vol.3, "Leviathan")

Now that we have a little background on the ancient understanding of Leviathan, let's examine the description of him from the book ofJob.We'regoingtoreadthisScripturefromanEnglishtranslationoftheSeptuagint Greek translation of the Tanakh.This Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures was widely used at the time of Yeshua.

JOB 40:20 "But wilt thou catch the serpent with a hook, andputahalterabouthisnose? 21 Or wilt thou fasten a ring in his nostril, and bore his lip with aclasp? 22 Will he address thee with a petition?softlywiththevoiceofasuppliant? 23 And willhemakeacovenantwiththee?and wiltthoutakehimforaperpetualservant? 24 And wilt thouplaywithhimaswithabird?or bindhimasasparrowforachild?25Anddothenationsfeed upon him, and the nations of the Phoenicianssharehim? 26 And all the ships come together would not be able to bear the mere skin of his tail; neither shall they carry his head in fishing-vessels. 27 But thou shalt lay thy hand upon him once; remembering the war that is waged by his mouth; and let it not be doneanymore.Hastthounotseenhim?andhastthounot wondered of the things said of him? 41:1 Does thou not fear because preparation has been madebyme?forwhoisthere whoresistsme? 2 Or who will resist me, and abide, since the whole world under heaven is mine?3Iwillnotbesilentbecauseofhim:thoughbecause of his power one shall pity his antagonist.4Whowillopenthefaceofhisgarment?andwhocanenterwithin the fold of his breastplate?5Whowillopenthedoorsofhisface?terrorisroundabouthisteeth. 6 His inwardsareasbrazenplates,andthetextureofhisskinasasmyritestone. 7 One part cleaves fasttoanother,andtheaircannotcomebetweenthem. 8 They remain united each to the other:theyarecloselyjoined,andcannotbeseparated. 9 At his sneezing a light shines, and hiseyesareastheappearanceofthemorningstar.10Outofhismouthproceedasitwere burninglamps,andasitwerehearthsoffirearecastabroad. 11 Out of his nostrils proceeds smokeofafurnaceburningwithfireofcoals. 12 His breath is as live coals, and a flame goes outofhismouth. 13 And power is lodged in his neck, before him destruction runs.14The flesh alsoofhisbodyisjoinedtogether:ifonepoursviolenceuponhim,heshallnotbe moved.15Hisheartisfirmasastone,anditstandslikeanunyieldinganvil.16Andwhenhe turns, he is a terror to the four-footedwildbeastswhichleapupontheearth. 17 If spears should come against him, men will effect nothing, either with the spear or the breast-plate. 18 For he considers iron as chaff, andbrassasrottenwood. 19 The bow of brass shall not wound him,hedeemsaslingerasgrass. 20 Mauls are counted as stubble; and he laughs to scorn the wavingofthefirebrand. 21 His lair is formed of sharp points; and all the gold of the sea under himisasanimmensequantityofclay. 22 He makes the deep [abusson, "Abyss"] boil like a brazen cauldron; and he regards the sea as a pot of ointment, 23 and the lowest part of the deep [abussou, "Abyss"]asacaptive:hereckonsthedeep [abusson, "Abyss"]ashisrange. 24 There is nothing upon the earth like to him, formed to be sported with [marginal rendering "mocked"]bymyangels. 25 He beholds every high thing: and he is king of all that are in the waters." (Brenton's LXX)

The Hebrew Masoretic text renders the final verse above in this way:

JOB 41:34 He beholds everything that is high; he is king over all the sons of pride." (RSV)

Clearlythisbeastisnotsimplyacrocodile.BecauseoftheidentificationofthiscreaturewiththeAbyss,andhistitleaskingof"all thesonsofpride,"wecandeterminewhoLeviathanrepresents. He is no other than Abaddon/Apollyon, the angelic king who will risefromtheAbyssatthesoundingofthe5htrumpet.Acoupleofotherpassagesspeakofhimalso:

PSALM 74:12 Yet God is my king from of old, who works deeds of deliverance in the midst of the earth. 13 You divided the sea by Your strength; You broke the heads of the sea monsters in the waters. 14 You crushed the heads of Leviathan; You gave him as food for the creatures of thewilderness. 15 You broke open springs and torrents; You dried up ever-flowingstreams. 16 Yoursistheday,YoursalsoisthenightYouhavepreparedthelightandthesun. 17 You have established all the boundaries of the earth; You have made summer and winter. (NASU)

The Oxford Companion to the Bible says of this passage:

In the Bible Leviathan is also identified with the Sea (Job 3.8) and has many heads (Ps. 74.14), and his defeat by God is a prelude to creation (Ps. 74.15-17).Accordingto apocalyptic literature, that battle will be rejoined in the end time when the evil Leviathan will be finally defeated (Isa. 27.1; Rev. 12.3; 17.1-14; 19.20; 21.1), and, according to later tradition, given along with Behemoth as food to the elect (2 Esd. 6.49-52), another recalling of creation (Ps. 74.14).... (pp.433-434, "Leviathan")

Let's look at one last passage about Leviathan in Isaiah, which definitely places him in an end-time context:

ISAIAH 26:21 See, the LORD is coming out of his dwelling to punish the people of the earth for theirsins. The earth will disclose the blood shed upon her; she willconcealherslainnolonger. 27:1 In that day, the LORD will punish with his sword, his fierce, great and powerful sword, Leviathan the gliding serpent, Leviathan the coiling serpent; he will slay the monster of the sea. (NIV)

Regarding this passage about Leviathan, The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary states:

Isa. 27:1 looks forward to the subjection of Leviathan, a figure for the future day when Yahweh will end the chaos of this present age (cf. 2 Bar[uch] 29:4, where Behemoth and Leviathan are to be destroyed after they have been temporarily released.)" (p.652,"Leviathan")

As Revelation 19:20 shows, the beast (Abaddon/Apollyon/Leviathan) will be cast into the lake of fire only short time after his releasefromtheAbyss. His armies will suffer defeat at the hands of the returning Messiah and the host of angels accompanying him:

REVELATION 19:20 And the beast [Abaddon] was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone. (NASU)

s this study has shown, we are rapidly approaching the fulfillment of many of the end-timepropheciesoftheBible. In Revelation, we see several 7-headed, 10-hornedbeastspictured.Oneofthem,agreatreddragon,isclearlyidentifiedas Satanthedevil(Rev.12). The other "beast" pictured is an end-time, world-ruling empire that is eventually ruled by Abaddon the Antichrist(Rev.13,17).Hisfather,Satan,willgivehimgreatpowerandauthority. The formation of this world-ruling empire is documentedinthe7thchapterofDaniel.Whilesomeoftheend-time prophecies of Daniel remain sealed, the Eternal is opening theeyesofthewisetoseewhatistosooncomeuponanunsuspectingworld. May He have mercy upon us and help us to prepare spiritually for the tribulation that lies just ahead. Bryan T. Huie May 30, 1999
Revised: February 21, 2009

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