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MCK plus

COMMUNITY SANITATION CENTER

MCK plus
COMMUNITY SANITATION CENTER

The MCK plus ++ COMMUNITY SANITATION CENTER

provides basic sanitation facilities such as toilets, bathrooms, laundry area and a community water point to low-income communities which lack basic sanitation services on household level.

Through

integrated underground anaerobic wastewater treatment modules surface water pollution and public health hazards are effectively reduced and biogas is provide for cooking needs

A market-based

dissemination approach secures quality of services and infrastructure as well as further replications.
Community Based Sanitation Program
BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

Common Sanitation Problems of Low-Income Settlements


Existing sanitation infrastructure are hazardous for public health especially regarding women and children

Human excrements are often directly discharged into living environment

Unregulated wastewater flows often accumulate within settlements and provide breeding grounds for water borne diseases

As provision of clean water is limited and expensive, low household incomes are further decreased

Community Based Sanitation Program


BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id

Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

Demand Responsive Approach Secures Program Sustainability

Time-efficient participatory program preparation includes :

Analysis of hygiene attitudes/behavior

Raising environmental awareness

Identification of sanitation barriers


Land negotiation

Community Based Sanitation Program


BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id

Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

Construction Design
MCK plus

Information

.Digester
C. Baffled Reactor D. Out let F. Bath rooms G. Washing place H. Water Tower

B. Expansion Camber E. Toilets I. Deep well

Community Based Sanitation Program


BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id

Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

Construction of Community Sanitation Centers


BIOGAS DIGESTER Fully air & water proof brick construction Settler for black water Biogas provision for cooking needs

BAFFLED REACTOR Connected to Biogas Digester Underground construction below bathrooms Anaerobic treatment unit for Grey water BOD reduction up to 90 % BATHROOMS & TOILET

Features long lasting components Service efficient modular design

COMMUNITY SANITATION CENTER Innovative sanitation concept integrates basic sanitation facilities with an underground WWTS All MCK plus ++ sites are landscaped and have streets
Community Based Sanitation Program
BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id

Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

OPERATION & MAINTENANCE


Maintenance and operation provided by key-turn operator User fees of 0.03 - 0.05 $ cover all operational costs On-site staff responsible for cleanliness of facilities Sanitation experts maintain and service system components
Primary Investment : $ 25.000 - 30.000 Annual turnover (user fees) : $ 150 - 200 Annual operation costs Salary for cleaning staff Electricity Cleaning materials Social contribution Overheads Total annual operation costs
LABORATORY TEST
PARAMETER LOCATION LAN BU Ph Influent m g/l BOD 5 Effluent m g/l % Reduction Influent m g/l COD Effluent m g/l TSS % m g/l Reduction

: $ 50 : $ 25 : $ 10 : $ 15 : $ 30 : $ 130

Rt. 04 Rw .01 Manis Jaya Pasir Jaya Rt.03 Rw .04 Alam Jaya Rt.03 Rw .05 Manis Jaya Rt.04 Rw .02
Average

310.89 6.94 6.78 6.87 310.89 310.89 310.89

39.77 41.57 32.90 27.54

87.21% 86.63% 89.42% 91.14% 88.60%

729.79 729.79 729.79 729.79 729.79

111.72 97.81 77.60 64.81 87.985

84.69% 86.60% 89.37% 91.12% 87.94% 27 36 30 31 100

6.9 310.9 35.45 MENLH No.112; 2003 Standards (mg/l)


Dom estic waste water

6-9

100

Notes: BOD = Biological Oxygen Demand (5 day); COD = Chemical Oxygen Demand; TSS = Total Suspended Solids. pH and turbidity w ere also determined; pH for both influent and effluent w as consistently in the range of 6-7

Community Based Sanitation Program


BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id

Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

IMPACTS
Direct Impacts

Since 1999, 33 sanitation centers have been built in industrial areas of Tangerang and Surabaya Sanitation facilities cover the needs of more than 14,850 people 1,219.5 m3 of domestic wastewater treated daily 20 households use biogas for cooking Permanent/part-time employment created for 34 staff and many craftsmen

Indirect Impacts Community motivated to improve local environment Renovation of houses Repairs of alleys, gutters and ditches Construction of sport facilities Inspiring national policy and programs
Community Based Sanitation Program
BEST, Sastra Plaza Blok A.25, Jl. Gatot Subroto 21, Jatiuwung Tangerang 15134, Telp./Fax. : (021) 55650129, Email : BEST.126@dnet.net.id Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu

Principle

KISS

Keep it simple, silly