Anda di halaman 1dari 3

FT UNIVERSITAS SURABAYA

VEKTOR & MATRIKS

KATA PENGANTAR
Diktat ini disusun berdasarkan kurikum baru di Fakultas Teknik yang efektif tahun
1996/1997. Mata kuliah Vektor & Matriks (FT1006) ini adalah pengganti mata kuliah
Matematika Lanjut (FT1003). Perubahan yang terjadi adalah berpindahnya beberapa
materi kuliah :
integral rangkap turun ke Kalkulus II (FT0002).
analisa variabel kompleks dihapus, khusus untuk jurusan Teknik Elektro materi
ini berdiri sendiri sebagai mata kuliah Variabel Kompleks (FT1008).
Pembagian bab dan urutan materi juga dibuat lebih kompak, disesuaikan dengan
jumlah SKS yang baru, yaitu 3 SKS per minggu. Bab I sampai dengan bab III diajarkan
paro semester pertama (sampai dengan UTS), berisikan materi dasar matriks dan vektor,
serta pengertian derivatif vektor. Bab IV sampai dengan bab VI diberikan sesudah UTS,
berisikan pengertian sistem koordinat dan masalah eigen, ditutup oleh kajian integral vektor.
Tampak jelas bahwa mata kuliah ini melatih mahasiswa untuk lebih memahami
perilaku ruang dan kejadian di dalam ruang. Permasalahan teknik pada umumnya juga kejadian di dalam ruang, misalnya medan elektromagnetik dan teori aliran (perpindahan
massa dan panas).
Diktat ini diharapkan dapat menunjang berjalannya perkuliahan Vektor & Matriks
di Fakultas Teknik. Di samping itu, konsultasi dengan buku rujukan tetap dianjurkan.
Adapun buku rujukan yang dapat dipakai :
E. Kreyzig

: Advanced Engineering Mathematics ; John Wiley & Sons, 1993

Wylie & Barrett : Advanced Engineering Mathematics ; McGraw-Hill, 1982


Schaums Outline Series :
Frank Ayres : Matrices
M.R. Spiegel : Vector Analysis
Akhir kata mudah-mudahan diktat ini bermanfaat bagi kita semua, selamat belajar !
Februari 1997
Sugata Pikatan

FT UNIVERSITAS SURABAYA

VEKTOR & MATRIKS

DAFTAR ISI
Kata Pengantar........................................................................................................ i
Daftar Isi ................................................................................................................ ii
BAB I. MATRIKS.................................................................................................
Pengertian matriks ............................................................................................
Determinan.......................................................................................................
Operasi aljabar pada matriks .............................................................................
Penjumlahan...............................................................................................
Perkalian....................................................................................................
Aplikasi matriks................................................................................................
Penyelesaian sistem persamaan...................................................................
Kriptografi.................................................................................................
Regresi linier..............................................................................................
SOAL...............................................................................................................

1
1
2
3
3
4
5
5
7
7
8

BAB II. ALJABAR VEKTOR............................................................................


Cara penulisan vektor .....................................................................................
Cara komponen........................................................................................
Cara vektor satuan ...................................................................................
Cara matriks ............................................................................................
Operasi aljabar pada vektor.............................................................................
Penjumlahan.............................................................................................
Perkalian..................................................................................................
Perkalian rangkap ....................................................................................
Aplikasi vektor pada analitika ruang................................................................
Vektor posisi ...........................................................................................
Garis lurus ...............................................................................................
Bidang datar ............................................................................................
Jarak dalam ruang ....................................................................................
Perpotongan dalam ruang.........................................................................
Sudut dalam ruang ...................................................................................
SOAL.............................................................................................................

10
11
11
11
12
12
12
13
15
18
18
18
19
19
20
21
22

BAB III. DERIVATIF VEKTOR .......................................................................


Kurva dalam ruang .........................................................................................
Arah tangensial dan normal ......................................................................
Arah binormal ..........................................................................................
Rumus Frenet ..........................................................................................
Bidang lengkung.............................................................................................
Gradien....................................................................................................
Aplikasi ...................................................................................................
Divergensi ......................................................................................................
Curl ................................................................................................................
Operasi terhadap komposisi fungsi ..................................................................
Jumlahan fungsi .......................................................................................
Perkalian fungsi........................................................................................

24
24
25
27
28
28
29
31
32
33
34
34
35

ii

FT UNIVERSITAS SURABAYA

VEKTOR & MATRIKS

Derivatif orde dua...........................................................................................


Anti-derivatif vektor .......................................................................................
Vektor irotasional ....................................................................................
Vektor solenoidal.....................................................................................
Integral vektor terhadap skalar.................................................................
SOAL.............................................................................................................
BAB IV. SISTEM KOORDINAT.......................................................................
Transformasi...................................................................................................
Vektor basis.............................................................................................
Transformasi vektor basis.........................................................................
Transformasi koordinat ............................................................................
Transformasi komponen vektor................................................................
Diferensial dalam ruang...................................................................................
Diferensial panjang...................................................................................
Diferensial luas.........................................................................................
Diferensial volume ...................................................................................
Sistem koordinat ortogonal.............................................................................
Sistem koordinat silinder..........................................................................
Sistem koordinat bola ..............................................................................
Operator del () .............................................................................................
Gradien....................................................................................................
Divergensi................................................................................................
Curl .........................................................................................................
Transformasi linier ..........................................................................................
Transformasi geometri .............................................................................
Similaritas................................................................................................
SOAL.............................................................................................................
BAB V. MASALAH EIGEN...............................................................................
Vektor eigen dan nilai eigen............................................................................
Diagonalisasi ..................................................................................................
Aplikasi ..........................................................................................................
Analisa bentuk kuadratik..........................................................................
Penyelesaian persamaan diferensial simultan .............................................
Proses Markov.........................................................................................
SOAL.............................................................................................................
BAB VI. INTEGRAL VEKTOR ........................................................................
Integral vektor dengan integrator skalar ..........................................................
Integral vektor dengan integrator vektor .........................................................
Integral garis............................................................................................
Integral permukaan ..................................................................................
Integral terhadap derivatif vektor ....................................................................
Integral terhadap gradien..........................................................................
Integral terhadap curl ...............................................................................
Integral terhadap divergensi .....................................................................
SOAL.............................................................................................................
iii

35
37
37
37
38
38
41
41
41
42
43
43
44
45
45
45
45
46
47
48
48
48
49
49
49
52
53
55
55
57
59
59
60
61
63
66
66
66
66
67
68
68
69
70
71

Beri Nilai