laluDiketahui : soal terlihat pada gambar.

Lap 2

? m = 1 ,7 4 t/m ³
? = 02 7
c = 0

+ 3 ,1 0

+ 2 ,5 0
+ 0 ,8 0
-0 ,2 0
-2 ,8 0

Ditanya

L a p ? 2m : = 1 ,?2 = 40 8t / m; c³ =; 6 t / m ²
L a p ? 3m : = 1 ,?1 = 0 0t / m; c³ =; 0 t / m ²
0

-6 ,3 0

L a p ? 4m : = 0 ,?9 = 2 1t /1m ; ³ c; = 0 , 4 8 t / m ²

-1 5 ,1 0
-1 6 ,8 0

L a p ? 5m : = 0 ,?7 = 00 4t / m; c³ =; 1 , 2 0 t / m ²
0
L a p ? 6m : = 0 ,?7 = 4 8t / m; c³ =; 1 , 4 0 t / m ²

-1 9 ,5 0

L a p ? 7m : = 1 ,?3 = 0 8t / m; c³ =; 1 , 4 0 t / m ²

0

0

:

-

Hitung tekanan tanah aktif

-

Hitung tekanan tanah pasif

-

Perhitungan momen

-

Perhitungan lenturan

-

Perhitungan sudut lenturan

-

Apa kesimpulannya, jika besar pergeseran yang terjadi 19 cm

1

Penyelesaian :

a.

-

F

= 32 x 35 x 35 = 39200 cm2

-

I

= 2 x 8 x 35 x 35 x 602 + 35 x 35 x 1802 = 7,056 x 108 cm4

-

W =

1
x7,056 x10 8 = 3920000 cm 3
180

Perhitungan tekanan tanah aktif
2

-

0

2

0

KA = tg (45 – ϕ/2) – 2c/h.tg (45 – ϕ/2)
-

KA = λa - 2c/h . λa
-

qa = γ . h . KA = γ . h . λa – 2c . γ . λa
Peil
(m)

Lap

1

2
3
4

5

γ.h
2

(t/m )

Kumulatif
ø
450 2
λ.h (t/m )
2

+

3,10

6,7

11,66

11,66

31,5

+

2,50

0,6

1,044

12,70

31,5

+

0,80

1,70

2,958

15,66

31,5

+

0,80

0

0

15,66

41

-

0,20
0,20
2,80

1,00
0
2,60

1,24
0
2,86

16,90
16,90
19,76

41
45
45

-

2,80

0

0

19,76

39,5

-

6,30

3,5

3,22

22,98

39,5

-

6,30
15,1
0
15,1
0
16,8
0

0

0

22,98

43

8,80

6,16

29,14

43

0

0

29,14

41

1,70

1,258

30,40

41

6

h
(m)

-

2

λa
0,37
6
0,37
6
0,37
6
0,75
6
0,75
6
1
1
0,67
9
0,67
9
0,86
9
0,86
9
0,75
6
0,75
6

γ.h.λa
(t/m2)

2c.γ.λa

qa
10 = 9-8

4,383

0

4,383

4,776

0

4,776

5,888

0

5,89

11,839

11,25

0,59

12,776
16,900
19,760

11,25
0
0

1,53
16,90
19,76

13,417

0,88

12,53

15,603

0,88

14,72

19,970

1,46

18,51

25,323

1,46

23,86

22,030

1,57

20,46

22,981

1,57

21,41

-

7

-

b.

16,8
0
19,5
0

0

0

30,40

41

2,70

3,51

33,91

41

0,75
6
0,75
6

22,981

2,75

20,23

25,634

2,75

22,88

Perhitungan tekanan tanah pasif
2

-

0

2

0

KP = tg (45 + ϕ/2) – 2c/h.tg (45 + ϕ/2)
-

KA = λp + 2c/h . λa
-

qa = γ . h . KP = γ . h . λp + 2c . γ . λp
Peil

Lap
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

+
+
+
+
-

(m)
3,1
2,5
0,8
0,8
0,2
0,2
2,8
2,8
6,3
6,3
15,1
15,1
16,8
16,8
19,5

h

γ.h

(m) (t/m2)
0 0,00
0,6 1,044
1,70 2,958
0
0
1,00 1,24
0
0
2,60 2,86
0
0
3,5 3,22
0
0
8,80 6,16
0
0
1,70 1,26
0
0
2,70 3,51

Kumulatif
λ.h (t/m2)
0,00
1,04
4,00
4,00
5,24
5,24
8,10
8,10
11,32
11,32
17,48
17,48
18,74
18,74
22,25

3

450 58,5
58,5
58,5
49
49
45
45
50,5
50,5
47
47
49
49
49
49

ø
2

λa
2,663
2,663
2,663
1,323
1,323
1
1
1,472
1,472
1,15
1,15
1,323
1,323
1,323
1,323

γ.h.λa
(t/m2)
0,000
2,780
10,657
5,295
6,935
5,242
8,102
11,926
16,666
13,020
20,104
23,129
24,793
24,793
29,437

2c.γ.λa
0
0
0
19,69
19,69
0
0
1,30
1,30
1,93
1,93
2,74
2,74
4,82
4,82

qa
10 = 9+8
0,000
2,780
10,657
24,981
26,621
5,242
8,102
13,226
17,966
14,952
22,036
25,870
27,534
29,609
34,252

Lap Kedalaman
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

+
+
+
+
-

3,1
2,5
0,8
0,8
0,2
0,2
2,8
2,8
6,3
6,3
15,1
15,1
16,8
16,8
19,5

qa
4,383
4,776
5,89
0,59
1,53
16,90
19,76
12,53
14,72
18,51
23,86
20,46
21,41
20,23
22,88

qp

qh = qa-qp

0,000
2,780
10,657
24,981
26,621
5,242
8,102
13,226
17,966
14,952
22,036
25,870
27,534
29,609
34,252

4,383
1,996
-4,769
-24,391
-25,094
11,658
11,658
-0,692
-3,246
3,557
1,826
-5,407
-6,120
-9,380
-11,370

Perhitungan Tekanan Tanah
-

H1 = 1/2 x 6,7 x 4,383 x 12

= 176,213 ton

-

H2 = 1/2 x 0,6 (4,33 + 1,996) x 12

= 22,965

ton

-

H3 = 1/2 x 0,502 x 1,996 x 3,95

= 1,979

ton

-

H4 = -1/2 x 1,198 x 4,769 x 3,95

= -11,28

ton

-

H5 = 1/2 x 1,0 (24,391 + 25,094) x 3,95 = -296,913 ton

-

H6 = 2,60 x 11,658 x 3,95

= 119,728 ton

-

H7 = -1/2 x 3,5 (0,692 + 3,246) x 3,95

= -27,223 ton

-

H8 = 1/2 x 8,8 (3,557 + 1,826) x 3,95

= 93,57

4

ton

-

H9 = -1/2 x 1,7 (5,407 + 6,120) x 3,95

= -38,70

-

H10 = -1/2 x 2,7 (9,380 + 11,37) x 3,95

= -110,647 ton

c.

Perhitungan Momen

-

H

-

M = H1 . 2,23 + H2 . 0,337 – V (3,18 – 2,5)

-

M = 176,213 . 2,23 + 22,965 . 0,337 – 499,66 (3,18 – 2,5)

= H1 + H2 = 176,213 + 22,965

ton

= 199,178 ton

= 60,935 t/m
-

M1 = M

= 60,935

t/m

-

M2 = H . 22,0 = 199,178 x 22,0

= 4381,92 t/m

-

M3 = H3 . 21,827 = 1,979 x 21,827

= 43,20

-

M4 = H4 . 20,699 = -11,28 x 20,699

= -233,48 t/m

-

M5 = H5 . 19,797 = -296,913 x 19,797

= -5877,99 t/m

-

M6 = H6 . 18,0 = 119,728 x 18,0

= 2155,10 t/m

-

M7 = H7 . 14,57 = 27,223 x 14,57

= 396,64

t/m

-

M8 = H8 . 9,27 = 93,57 x 9,27

= 867,39

t/m

-

M9 = H9 . 3,53 = -38,70 x 3,53

= -136,61 t/m

-

M10 = H10 . 1,3 = -110,647 x 1,3

= -143,84 t/m

t/m

Mtotal = 1452,33 t/m
Perhitungan Luas Bidang Momen
1. 60,935 x 22,0

= 1340,57

2. ½ x 4381,92 x 22

= 48201,12

3. ½ x 43,20 x 21,827

= 471,46

4. -½ x 233,48 x 20,699

= -2416,40

5. -½ x 5877,99 x 19,797

= -58183,28

6.

= 19395,9

½ x 2155,10 x 18

5

7.

½ x 396,64 x 14,57

= 2889,52

8.

½ x 867,39 x 9,27

= 4020,35

9.

-½ x 136,61 x 3,53

= -241,12

10. -½ x 143,84 x 1,3

= -93,50

Eb = 6400 σ ' bk = 6400 225 = 96 .10 3 kg / cm 2
Eb = 9,6 x 104 kg/m2
d. Perhitungan lenturan
S1 =

1340,57 ×11
= 21,77 ×10 −4 m = 0,2177 cm
4
96 ×10 × 7,056

S2 =

48201,12 ×14,67
= 0,104 m = 10 ,4cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S3 =

471,46 ×15,53
= 0,00108 m = 0,108 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S4 =

- 2416,40 ×14,68
= −0,0052 m = −0,52 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S5 =

- 58183,28 ×16,14
= −0,1386 m = −13 ,86 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S6 =

19395,9 ×17,33
= 0,0496 m = 4,96 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S7 =

2889,52 ×19,62
= 0,0837 m = 8,37 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S8 =

4020,35 × 23,15
= 0,0137 m = 1,37 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S9 =

- 241,12 × 26,98
= −0,0096 m = −0,96 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

S 10 =

- 93,50 × 26,98
= −0,0037 m = −0,37 cm
96 ×10 4 × 7,056

e. Perhitungan sudut lenturan
θ1 =

1340,57
= 1,979 ×10 −3 rad
3
96 ×10 × 7,056

6

S2 =

48201,12
= 0,711 ×10 −3 rad
96 ×10 3 × 7,056

S3 =

471,46
= 6,96 ×10 −4 rad
3
96 ×10 × 7,056

S4 =

- 2416,40
= −3,567 ×10 −3 rad
3
96 ×10 × 7,056

S5 =

- 58183,28
= −0,086 x10 −3 rad
96 ×10 3 × 7,056

S6 =

19395,9
= 0,0286 x10 −3 rad
96 ×10 3 × 7,056

S7 =

2889,52
= 4,266 ×10 −3 rad
3
96 ×10 × 7,056

S8 =

4020,35
= 5,935 ×10 −3 rad
3
96 ×10 × 7,056

S9 =

- 241,12
= −3,56 ×10 −4 rad
96 ×10 3 × 7,056

S 10 =

- 93,50
= −1,38 ×10 −4 rad
96 ×10 3 × 7,056

Lenturan pada bagian atas Landhofd
1

. 0,2177 + 1,979 x 10-3 x 730 = 3,62 cm

2

. 10,4 + 0,71 x 10-3 x 730

= 10,92 cm

3

. 1,08 + 6,96 x 10-4 x 730

= 1,58 cm

4

. 0,52 + 3,567 x 10-3 x 730

= - 3,12 cm

5

. 13,86 + 0,086 x 10-3 x 730 = - 13,92 cm

6

. 4,96 + 0,0286 x 10-3 x 730 = 4,98 cm

7

. 8,37 + 4,226 x 10-3 x 730

= 11,45 cm

8

. 1,37 + 4,266 x 10-3 x 730

= 4,48 cm

9

. 8,37 + 3,56 x 10-4 x 730

= -8,62 cm

10 0,37 + 1,38 x 10-4 x 730

Total

= - 0,47 cm
= 10,9 cm

7

f.

Kesimpulan
Pergeseran yang terjadi pada Landhofd 19 cm, pergeseran menurut
perhitungan 10,9 cm, jadi perhitungan secara teoritis tidak sesuai dengan
kenyataan, dengan demikian pergeseran Landhofd disebabkan oleh tekanan
tanah aktif.

8

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