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Trip Circuit Supervision

Trip Circuit Supervision

Trip Circuit Supervision

Trip Circuit Supervision

Operating Principle 3 > Title of presentation - Date - References 3

Operating Principle

  • 3 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Operating Principle 3 > Title of presentation - Date - References 3

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Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Supervision current Mechanical Command 4 > Title of presentation - Date

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Supervision current Mechanical Command 4 > Title of presentation - Date

Supervision

current

Mechanical

Command

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Supervision current Mechanical Command 4 > Title of presentation - Date
  • 4 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Supervision current Mechanical Command 4 > Title of presentation - Date

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Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >

Disappearance of supervision current

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >
Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >

mechanical

Command

Tripping circuit interruption

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >
Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >
  • 5 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Disappearance of supervision current mechanical Command Tripping circuit interruption 5 >

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Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Alarm mechanical Command 6 > Title of presentation - Date -

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Alarm mechanical Command 6 > Title of presentation - Date -

Alarm

mechanical

Command

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Alarm mechanical Command 6 > Title of presentation - Date -
  • 6 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision operating principle Alarm mechanical Command 6 > Title of presentation - Date -

6

Applications 7 > Title of presentation - Date - References 7

Applications

  • 7 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Applications 7 > Title of presentation - Date - References 7

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Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Improve the security and availa lity of the tripping circuit by

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications

• Improve the security and availality of the tripping circuit by a permanent continuity control.

• In case of circuit interruption, an alarm is generated

• Without this control, the interrupted circuit will only be detected after a fault without correct clearance.

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Improve the security and availa lity of the tripping circuit by
  • 8 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Improve the security and availa lity of the tripping circuit by
Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Improve the security and availa lity of the tripping circuit by
Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Improve the security and availa lity of the tripping circuit by
Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Improve the security and availa lity of the tripping circuit by

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Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Applicable if the trip coil of circuit breaker is activated with

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications

• Applicable if the trip coil of circuit breaker is activated with a DC polarity

• In other cases, an interruption of the trip circuit will cause an immediate trip.

• Special application cases must be studied when using auxiliairy tripping contacts or lock-out relays

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Applicable if the trip coil of circuit breaker is activated with
  • 9 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Applicable if the trip coil of circuit breaker is activated with

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Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Will allow a reduction of cyclic maintenance costs • Will allow

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications

• Will allow a reduction of cyclic maintenance costs

• Will allow a more important delay between real circuit breaker tests. These tests become only required for the mechanical part control of the CB

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Will allow a reduction of cyclic maintenance costs • Will allow
  • 10 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Will allow a reduction of cyclic maintenance costs • Will allow

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Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer : -

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications

• Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer :

  • - The maximum permanent current depends on the coil impedance,

  • - The maximum permanent current must not cause any coil heating,

  • - The electrical scheme of the CB tripping circuit must be in acordance with the selected trip circuit supervision scheme

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer : -
Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer : -
Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer : -
Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer : -
  • 11 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Applications • Need to be coordinated with the circuit breaker manufacturer : -

11

Comparison of different existing schemes 12 > Title of presentation - Date - References 12

Comparison of different existing schemes

  • 12 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Comparison of different existing schemes 12 > Title of presentation - Date - References 12

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Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 1 + + - - Alarm Alarm Contct position when equipment

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 1

+ + - - Alarm Alarm Contct position when equipment energised Circuit Breaker Relay 52a Circuit
+
+
-
-
Alarm
Alarm
Contct position
when equipment
energised
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
  • 13 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 1 + + - - Alarm Alarm Contct position when equipment

Advantages

2 cables only between

relay and circuit breaker

Disadvantages

No trip circuit control if

CB open

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Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 2 + + - - Alarm Alarm (1) Contct position when

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 2

+ + - - Alarm Alarm (1) Contct position when equipment energised (1) Avoid a Battery
+
+
-
-
Alarm
Alarm
(1)
Contct position
when equipment
energised
(1) Avoid a Battery short circuit when the CB is already open but trip
order still present.
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b
  • 14 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 2 + + - - Alarm Alarm (1) Contct position when

Advantages

2 cables only between

relay and circuit breaker.

Wire up to the CB,

whatever the position.

Disadvantages

No trip circuit control if CB open

Requires additional

resistance into the CB

control box (1)

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Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 3 + + - - Alarm Alarm Contct position when equipment

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 3

+ + - - Alarm Alarm Contct position when equipment energised Circuit Breaker Relay 52a 52b
+
+
-
-
Alarm
Alarm
Contct position
when equipment
energised
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b
  • 15 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 3 + + - - Alarm Alarm Contct position when equipment

Advantages

The trip coil is controlled

whatever the CB position

Disadvantages

Requires 3 wires between relay and CB.

Tripping cable between

relay and CB not

controlled if CB open

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Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 4 + + Advantages The trip coil is controlled whatever the

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 4

+ + Advantages The trip coil is controlled whatever the CB position - - Alarm Alarm
+
+
Advantages
The trip coil is controlled
whatever the CB position
-
-
Alarm
Alarm
(1)
Disadvantages
Requires 3 wires
between relay and CB.
Contct position
Tripping cable between
relay and CB not
controlled whatever the
CB position (1) - only the
coil is controlled
when equipment
energised
(1) if interrupted, the current value becomes identical of the current circulation when CB is
open.
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
  • 16 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 4 + + Advantages The trip coil is controlled whatever the

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Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 5 + + - - Alarm Alarm (1) Contct position when

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 5

+ + - - Alarm Alarm (1) Contct position when equipment energised Circuit Breaker Relay 52a
+
+
-
-
Alarm
Alarm
(1)
Contct position
when equipment
energised
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
  • 17 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 5 + + - - Alarm Alarm (1) Contct position when

Advantages

The trip coil is controlled

whatever the CB position

Disadvantages

Requires 3 wires between relay and CB.

Tripping cable between

relay and CB not

controlled whatever the

CB position (1) - only the

coil is controlled.

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Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 6 + + Advantages 2 cables only between relay and circuit

Trip Circuit Supervision

Scheme n° 6

+ + Advantages 2 cables only between relay and circuit breaker. Triping contact Logic Input CB
+
+
Advantages
2 cables only between
relay and circuit breaker.
Triping contact
Logic Input
CB Tripping coil
controlled whatever the
(Opto)
-
-
CB position
Alarm
Alarm
Tripping cable between
relay and CB controlled
whatever the CB position
(1)
Disadvantages
Requires installation of
additional resistance into
the CB control box (1)
Contct position
when equipment
energised
(1) avoid any damage of the tripping coil when trip order still present and circuit
breaker already open.
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b
  • 18 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme n° 6 + + Advantages 2 cables only between relay and circuit

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Practical exemple with overcurrent relays 19 > Title of presentation - Date - References 19

Practical exemple with overcurrent relays

  • 19 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Practical exemple with overcurrent relays 19 > Title of presentation - Date - References 19

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Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays Delay timer Logical input (Opto) Opto Alarm trip ET &

Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays

Delay timer

Delay timer

Logical input (Opto)

Opto Alarm trip ET & circuit faulty Trip contact energised
Opto
Alarm trip
ET
&
circuit faulty
Trip contact
energised
Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays Delay timer Logical input (Opto) Opto Alarm trip ET &

=1 if Opto does not

detect any current

during TSUP timer

Trip contact energised

Avoid any intempestive

alarm in case of

permanent trip orders.

  • 20 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays Delay timer Logical input (Opto) Opto Alarm trip ET &

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Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays - scheme 1 + - Alarm Overcurrent relay Trip coil

Trip Circuit Supervision

with overcurrent relays - scheme 1

+ - Alarm Overcurrent relay Trip coil Trip coil control Circuit Breaker Relay 52a
+
-
Alarm
Overcurrent relay
Trip coil
Trip coil control
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
  • 21 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays - scheme 1 + - Alarm Overcurrent relay Trip coil

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Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays - scheme 2 + - Alarme Circuit Breaker Relay 52a

Trip Circuit Supervision

with overcurrent relays - scheme 2

+ - Alarme Circuit Breaker Relay 52a 52b
+
-
Alarme
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b

Trip coil

Overcurrent relay Resistance
Overcurrent relay
Resistance

Trip coil and auxiliary contacts control

  • 22 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays - scheme 2 + - Alarme Circuit Breaker Relay 52a

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Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays - scheme 6 (optimal) + - Alarme Circuit Breaker Relay

Trip Circuit Supervision

with overcurrent relays - scheme 6 (optimal)

+ - Alarme Circuit Breaker Relay 52a 52b
+
-
Alarme
Circuit Breaker
Relay
52a
52b

Trip coil

Overcurrent relay Resistance
Overcurrent relay
Resistance

Logical input

Trip coil and auxiliary contacts ontrol whatever the CB

position

  • 23 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision with overcurrent relays - scheme 6 (optimal) + - Alarme Circuit Breaker Relay

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Practical Exemple with Programmable scheme logics 24 > Title of presentation - Date - References 24

Practical Exemple with Programmable scheme logics

  • 24 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Practical Exemple with Programmable scheme logics 24 > Title of presentation - Date - References 24

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Trip Circuit Supervision with Programmable Scheme Logics (Px40 range relay) + - Alarm Release timer Contct

Trip Circuit Supervision

with Programmable Scheme Logics (Px40 range relay) + - Alarm Release timer Contct position when equipment
with Programmable Scheme Logics (Px40 range
relay)
+
-
Alarm
Release timer
Contct position
when equipment
energised
25
> Title of presentation - Date - References
25
Disjoncteur
Relay
52a
52b
MVAX Trip Circuit Supervision Relay 26 > Title of presentation - Date - References 26

MVAX Trip Circuit Supervision Relay

  • 26 > Title of presentation - Date - References

MVAX Trip Circuit Supervision Relay 26 > Title of presentation - Date - References 26

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Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays 2 types : •MVAX 12 : Trip supply supervision only •MVAX

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays

2 types :

•MVAX 12 : Trip supply supervision only

•MVAX 21 : Complete trip circuit and supply supervision, with CB closed only

•MVAX 31 and MVAX 91:Complete trip circuit and supply supervision, with CB in either state

MVAX91 is 3 MVAX31 identical circuits in the same box.

MVAX91 is dedicated to single pole CB and MVAX31 is dedicated to 3 poles CB

  • 27 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays 2 types : •MVAX 12 : Trip supply supervision only •MVAX

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MVAX31 / MVAX91 operation : Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays •CB healthy and CB closed

MVAX31 / MVAX91 operation :

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays

•CB healthy and CB closed, both units RL1 RL2 are energized

•If circuit is open or power supply fails, RL2 drops off and opens contact RL2-1 to de energize RL1

•When CB is open, RL3 is also energized via the NC auxiliary switch, and RL1 is held by contact RL3-1

•RL3 will detect abnormal trip circuit with CB open in a similar manner to RL2 with CB closed.

•RL units are delayed of 400ms

  • 28 > Title of presentation - Date - References

MVAX31 / MVAX91 operation : Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays •CB healthy and CB closed

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MVAX 31 connection diagram : Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays 29 > Title of presentation

MVAX 31 connection diagram :

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays

MVAX 31 connection diagram : Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays 29 > Title of presentation
  • 29 > Title of presentation - Date - References

MVAX 31 connection diagram : Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays 29 > Title of presentation

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Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays MVAX 91 connection diagram : 30 > Title of presentation -

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays MVAX 91 connection diagram : 30 > Title of presentation -

MVAX 91 connection diagram :

  • 30 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays MVAX 91 connection diagram : 30 > Title of presentation -

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Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays MVAX 31 External resistance values depending on supply voltage : Caution

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays

MVAX 31 External resistance values depending on supply voltage :

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays MVAX 31 External resistance values depending on supply voltage : Caution

Caution : 4,1kOhm resistance can be of 2 resistance 8,2kOhm in parallel

  • 31 > Title of presentation - Date - References

Trip Circuit Supervision MVAX relays MVAX 31 External resistance values depending on supply voltage : Caution

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