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Unproctored - Mock CAT 20


MBA
Test Prep
MBA
Test Prep
Unproctored - Mock CAT 20
Answers and Explanations
1 b 2 c 3 b 4 d 5 b 6 d 7 c 8 c 9 b 10 a
11 c 12 a 13 a 14 b 15 b 16 b 17 a 18 d 19 c 20 c
21 d 22 b 23 b 24 c 25 b 26 d 27 b 28 a 29 d 30 a
31 b 32 d 33 b 34 d 35 c 36 b 37 c 38 a 39 b 40 a
41 c 42 c 43 b 44 b 45 c 46 b 47 b 48 b 49 b 50 d
51 b 52 a 53 a 54 a 55 a 56 c 57 d 58 c 59 c 60 d
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Unproctored - Mock CAT 20
MBA
Test Prep
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Test Prep
1. b The ratio of the speeds and the distances travelled is
the same. So the ratio of time = 1 : 1 : 1
2. c Profit % in winter =
10 100
100 %
90 9

Loss % in summer =
10 100
100 %
110 11

Hence, net profit % =
3 100 7 100
10 11 10 9
| ` | `
+

. , . ,
=
7 3
10 %
9 11
| `


. ,
=
50
10 %
99
| `

. ,
= 5.05%
3. b Area of cross section for P
1
= A
1
=
2 2
22
7 = 154 m
7
| `

. ,
Volume of water flowing through P
1
in one second
= 154 10 = 1540 m
3
Volume of tank = V = 1540 2 3600 = 11088 10
3
m
3
Area of cross section for P
2
= A
2

2 2
22
= 14 = 616 m
7
| `

. ,
Let the rate of water flowing through P
2
= s m/s
Volume of water flowing through P
2
in one second
= 616s m
3
Volume of water flow in the tank when P
1
is used as
inlet and P
2
is used as outlet pipe: 1540 616s.
Time taken to fill = 4 hours = 4 x 3600 seconds
So, (1540 616s) 4 3600 = V
= 11088 10
3
= 1540 2 3600
or 1540 616s = 770
or s = 1.25 m/s
4. d Since all of them drink three of the four beverages so
a person can drop only one beverage. So one cannot
drop both Vodka and Whiskey.
Hence, the percentage of people taking liquor is 100.
5. b
6. d 125000 > 190747 < 216000. So we can guess that the
numbers should be around 5060. Moreover since the
last digit of the product is 7, the last digits of the numbers
should be 3, 9 and 1. Based on these we can say that
numbers are 53, 59 and 61.
7. c Perpendicular distance of the straight line 3x + 4y 12
= 0 from the point (2, 4)
2 2
3(2) 4(4) 12 10
2.
5
3 4
+

+
Radius of the circle will be 2 units.
Equation of the circle = (x 2)
2
+ (y 4)
2
= 2
2
or x
2
+ y
2
4x 8y + 16 = 0.
8. c Log
d
abc = 7.2 Log
d
d = 7.2
9. b Square of all the numbers ending in 5 end in 25.
Square of all the numbers ending in 25 end in 625.
Square of all the numbers ending in 625 end in 0625.
So a = 0, b = 6, c = 2 and d = 5.
10. a (ax + by + cz) + (bx + cy + az) + (cx + ay + bz) = 0
or (a + b + c) (x + y + z) = 0
Since x + y + z 0, so a + b + c = 0.
It is not at all necessary that a = b = c, though it may be
one of the cases.
11. c
( )( )( )
3 2
5 |x|
5 |x|
1
f(x)
log x 7x 14x 8
1
log x 1 x 2 x 4


Base of the logarithmic function 5 |x| > 0 and 5 x 1
So, x ( 5, 4) ( 4, 4) (4,5) ...(i)
Also, (x 1)(x 2)(x 4) must be greater than zero
as well.
So, x (1,2) (4, ) 7 ...(ii)
Combining (i) and (ii):
x (1,2) (4,5) 7
12. a x +
336
x
50 or, (x 8) (x 42) 0
or, 8 x 42
So, x can be anything from 8 to 42.
Required probability =
35 7
50 10

13. a Prime factorization of 44 leads to:


44 = 2 2 11
To express 44 as product of five distinct integers well
have to introduce 1 and 1.
The only possible way comes out to be:
44 = 2 (2) 11 1 (1)
In this case the value of n would be 11 which is also
the only possible value.
14. b Suppose hypotenuse of the triangle is c and other
sides are a and b. Obviously c =
2 2
a b +
.
We have...
a + b + c = 40 and
1
2
ab = 40 or, ab = 80
or, a + b 40 =
2 2
a b +
or, (a + b)
2
2 40 (a + b) + 1600 = a
2
+ b
2
or, a
2
+ b
2
+ 2 80 80 (a + b) + 1600 = a
2
+ b
2
Page 3
Unproctored - Mock CAT 20
MBA
Test Prep
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Test Prep
or, (a + b) =
1760
80
= 22
or, c = 40 (a + b) = 40 22 = 18 cm.
15. b On simplifying we get x =
16
9
.
16. b 75 8 90 men-hr
2
th
7
of work
whole work
7
75 8 90
2
men-hr.

5
7
work
7 5
75 8 90
2 7

According to the information given in the question:
(75 + x) 10 60 75 8 90
5
2
x = 150.
17. a People of Pedhauli use Base 3 with A, P and V in place
of 0, 1 and 2 respectively.
18. d
A
B C
D
E
F
Let EF = s unit
In triangle DEF:
0
DF 2EFcos30 3s
Semi perimeter of triangle DEF (in units)
=
3
S 1 s.
2
| `
+

. ,
Area of triangle DEF (in unit
2
)
=
2
0
1 3s
(EFsin30 )DF .
2 4

Inradius of triangle DEF (in units) = r
1
=
2
3s 3s 3s
S 2 3 3 3
4 1 s 4 1
2 2


| ` | ` +
+ +

. , . ,
Inradius of triangle DEF (in units) = r
2
=
1 3 DF s
DF .
3 2 2 2 3
| `


. ,
Ratio of area =
2 2
1 2
r : r 3 : 7 4 3 +
19. c Sum of a
0
+ a
1
+ ...... + a
50
= 1 + 3 + ..... + 101 = 2601
20. c 500! + 505! + 510! + 515!
= 500!(1 + 5k) (where k is a natural number)
It can be seen that 5k + 1 wont be a multiple of 5.
Minimum value of n for which 500! Is divisible by
5
n
= 1.
Maximum value of n for which 500! Is divisible by 5
n
=
2 3 4
500 500 500 500
5
5 5 5
100 20 4 124
] ] ] ]
+ + +
] ] ] ]
] ] ] ]
+ +
Hence, there are 124 possible values of n.
21. d The numerical difference between production and
sales is the highest in case of "F 1993" and is equal
to 12032 10197 = 1835 units.
22. b Required difference =
Total Production - Total sales = 3575 units
23. b There are only two ways of distribution:
(i) Box 1: A
2
, B
3
and B
4
Box 2: A
3
, B
1
and B
5
` Box 3: B
2
, A
1
and A
4
(ii) Box 1: A
2
, B
3
and B
5
Box 2: A
3
, B
1
and B
4
Box 3: B
2
, A
1
and A
4
In both the ways B
1
goes into Box 2.
24. c S.P. = Rs. 8000
Total cost of producing x items = 10,00,000 + 5000 x
Hence, to break even:
8000x = 10,00,000 + 5000x
or x = 333.33 or 334 units.
25. b Total production = 1000 units
TVs sold = 800
Hence, total revenue = 800 8000 = Rs. 64 lakhs
Total production cost = (10 + 50) = Rs. 60 lakhs
Total holding cost = 200 500 = Rs. 1 lakh
Profit = Rs. 3 lakhs
26. d Sum of all the entries corresponding to the year 2009
= Rs. 3408 cr.
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Unproctored - Mock CAT 20
MBA
Test Prep
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Test Prep
27. b Compare the values of
( )
( )
09 08
08
09
Market Share
Sales
Sales Market Share

for A = 1.168
B = 1.264
C = 0.925
D = 0.982
E = 1.211
28. a Let a total of 100N units be sold in both the years 2008
and 2009.
Statement 1:
A could not register growth in South and C could not
register growth in both South and East.
Statement 1 is true.
Statement 2:
Number of units sold by B in 2009 in South =
12 77
100N 2.94N
100 314
| `


. ,
Number of units sold by B in 2008 in South =

10 17
100N 0.79N
100 214
| `


. ,
Percentage increase =
2.94 0.79
100 272%
0.79
| `


. ,
Statement 2 is false.
Statement 3:
Number of units sold by C in 2009 (23N) is greater than
the number of units sold by C in 2008 (22N).
Statement 3 is false.
For questions 29 and 30:
Let the number of students in the Cricket club be x.
The given data can be represented through table as:
Math Photography Science Music Painting Cricket Total
No. of students 100 250 400 2x 200 50 + x x 1000
No. of Male Students 40 200 240 1.2x 80 10 + 0.2x 0 570 x
No. of Female Students 60 50 160 0.8x 120 40 + 0.8x x 430 + x
160 0.8x = 40 + 0.8x
1.6x = 120
x = 75
29. d Number of male students = 570 75 = 495
Number of female students = 430 + 75 = 505
Ratio = 99 : 101
30. a Number of male students in Science club = 240 1.2x = 150
31. b Since both Diamond and Heart are to the left of the Spade, Spade has to be at the extreme right position. For Ten to be
to the left of Heart, the middle card has to be Heart. Since Eight is to the right of King, Eight has to be the in the extreme
right position and the middle card will be the King of Hearts.
32. d Cannot be determined because two arrangements are possible:
Pile I II III I V
1st 8 4 2 6
2nd 8 4 6 2
33. b Suppose, there were x chocolates in the box initially. Then...
100 +
x 100
10

= 200 +
9x
29
100

or, x = 8100 each child must have received 900 chocolates.
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Test Prep
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34. d It can happen with 0 upsets and 3 draws:
Delhi Challengers Vs Peshawar Pehalwans
Delhi Challengers Vs Rajasthan Badshahs
Peshawar Pehalwans Vs Rajasthan Badshahs
The above three teams would end with 2 wins and
2 draws each. Rajasthan Badshahs can have Rank 4
based on the total goals scored in the tournament.
35. c Except the two matches given below all the matches
can result in upsets.
Hobart Rockets Vs Rajasthan Badshahs
Hobart Rockets Vs Peshawar Pehalwans
If both the above matches are won by Hobart Rockets,
then Hobart Rockets and Rajasthan Badshahs would
end with 4 wins each. Hobart Rockets can have Rank
3 based on the total goals scored in the tournament.
36. b If the only match that doesnt result in an upset is Delhi
Challengers Vs Peshawar Pehalwans and it is won
by Delhi Challengers, then both the teams would retain
their initial ranks.
37. c We do not know the time for which Train 2 stopped at
stations C and D.
38. a The angles can be found from Statement A using Cosine
rule. Since Statement B does not tell anything about
the dimensions of the triangle, nothing can be deduced
form the statement.
39. b All the conditions are satisfied if we assume that
Anupama tells the truth.
40. a The box labelled Black & White should be opened first.
The colour of the balls in this box would tell us about
the contents of each box.
41. c The author mentions the psychology of how
successful book writers are looked at. There are those
who also criticize as shown in the instance about the
snickering described at the end of the fifth paragraph.
This makes him the victim of mild paranoia and option
(c) the correct answer choice.
42. c The author mentions this in the sixth paragraph and in
the seventh mentions the myth he was seeking to
dispel. Splitting the word into two, its obvious that
option (c) is a better description of
psychopharmacology. The sentence drugs might
influence personality traits in people with no mental
illness also points towards option (c). Options (a)
and (b) talk only about patients. Option (d) is
far-fetched and goes beyond the scope of the
passage.
43. b The author mentions this in the tenth paragraph when
he talks about how popular Sren as a name was.
The phrase means that Sren is the next best to Hamlet
as a melancholic; but Hamlet is fictitious, so he is not
counted. This makes option (b) correct.
44. b The author mentions in the fifth paragraph promotion-
driven world of entertainment which is critic proof.
This makes option (b) correct. Option 1 is too general.
Options (c) and (d) are too specific and can be part of
option (b).
45. c The author mentions Rosens names among others in
the sixth paragraph which he begins by saying But
its less common, critics say, for one of their kind to
draw an audiences attention to an overlooked work.
This makes option (c) correct.
46. b The author starts the passage with the example and
in the rest of the passage looks at this phenomenon.
This example showed the way films reflected the
reality of the time when a critic was an important
figure. The sentence mentioned in the quote in the
question also highlights how characters gave a lot of
importance to the critic in the film and irrespective of
whether they respected what he said or looked down
upon it, they acknowledged it. This makes option (b)
correct. Option (a) is true but not specific to the question
asked. Option (c) is incorrect. Option (d) is not
mentioned in the passage.
47. b The author mentions this in the eighth paragraph.
Hickey compares the job of the art critic with a night-
time disk jockey or a sewing machine repairman. Both
of these are professions that were at their peak for
only a few decades (one-two generations).
48. b Option (a) cannot be inferred as the metaphysicians
do not reject the transitory world. Option (c) does not
highlight the flaw in the method of reasoning provided
by the metaphysicians. Option (d) requires more
discussion and substantiation. The flaw is the belief
that things of the highest value originate only from the
intransitory being and the metaphysicians work to
discover the truth, not with an open mind but prejudiced
by strong opinions/beliefs. Hence, option (b) exposes
the flaw.
49. b Options (a), (c) and (d) are not in line with the
metaphysical beliefs. They are being discussed by
the author as perhapses which may turn out to be
true in future. But option (b), which states the belief
that higher values originate on their own or from the
being, is a metaphysical belief.
50. d The paragraph talks about how a philosophy is
attributed to an individual. It further gives the authors
point of view that by indulging in such a practice often
the essence of the teaching propounded by that larger
than life figure is missed. The argument proceeds by
highlighting the essence of evolution but it also states
that all cannot be attributed to Darwin. It says that
evolution existed even before Darwin came into
picture. Option (d) aptly carries forward the theme of
the paragraph by giving a suitable example that
evolution existed even before Darwin. Option (a),
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although, relevant to the theme of the argument would
come only after (d). Option (b) is a repetition of the
idea stated in the argument, hence its not a logical
extension of the discussion. Option (c) is too definitive
a statement and finds no precursor in the discussion.
51. b The correct answer is (b). (a) is incorrect: the author
talks about atrocities caused by Israelis and not
Palestinians. (c) is incorrect: the author talks about
Israeli occupation and not of Palestinian occupation.
(d) is incorrect: it is far fetched. Option (b) goes with
the theme and development of the passage.
52. a The passage is celebrating the success of Paru
Jaykrishna, logically option (a) takes this thought
further as it comments directly on this success, the
other options follow this.
53. a Calender is a machine that smoothens or glazes paper
or cloth by pressing it between plates or passing it
through rollers. Calendar means a system of
determining the beginning, length, and divisions of a
year and for arranging the year into days, weeks, and
months. In the second sentence, callous would fit as
it means showing no sympathy for others. Callus
refers to the thickening of the skin. In the third sentence,
epigram would fit in; the clue lies in the words though
not poetic per se. Epigram, here would refer to the
terse and paradoxical statement of Oscar Wilde.
Epigraph refers to an engraved inscription. It also
means a quotation set at the beginning of a literary
work or one of its divisions to suggest its theme.
Callow means young and inexperienced; immature.
Shallow means lacking depth of character, intellect,
or meaning; superficial. Here shallow would fit. In the
last sentence enthralled, which means to hold
spellbound would fit.
54. a In sentence 1, slipshod means haphazard. To
complement it the other word cannot be slower. It has
to be sloven which means untidy or careless in
appearance. Further the latter part also hints at sloven
as the needed word, as it states that every thing must
be kept in good repair.
In sentence 2 (B) is correct. The specimens of
incrustation (a crust or coating) shown to geologists,
clearly hint that the origin of the incrustation can be
igneous; formed by solidification from a molten state.
(A)- Ingenious which means - showing inventiveness
or adeptness, is a sure misfit for the sentence.
In sentence 3, solecism means committing a
grammatical or idiomatic error- here it would refer to
incorrect semantics. Solipsism is the philosophical
theory that the self is all that you know to exist. In
sentence 4, (A) crevice which is a narrow crack or
space, especially in the surface of a rock, befits the
sentence. A crevasse is a very deep crack in the
thick ice of a glacier.
In sentence 5, fluting is the act of incising or making
grooves. This hints that the other word to correspond
it should be crimping and not crumpling. To crimp is
to make ridges by pinching together. To crumple means
to crush.
55. a In sentence 1, foreboding, gives the desired meaning
to the sentence. Foreboding is a feeling that something
very bad is going to happen soon. Forbidding means
to issue an official prohibition or edict against
something.
In sentence 2, emend gives the sentence the desired
meaning. To emend is to correct or improve a text.
However to amend is to make a minor improvement in
a legal or a statutory document. The word- iambic in
the given sentence means written in metrical units of
one short and one long syllable; this does not hint that
at the text or the document is related to legal matters,
hence we cannot use the word- amend.
In sentence 3, a pandemonium is a situation in which
there is a lot of noise and confusion because people
are excited, angry or frightened. Pandemic refers to
the outbreak of to a disease prevalent over a whole
country or the world.
In sentence 4, encumbered befits the sentence. To
encumber is to weigh someone or something down,
or to make it difficult for someone to do something. To
lumber is to move awkwardly and heavily.
In sentence 5, gawk means to look with amazement;
to stare stupidly. Gaunt is an adjective which means
appearing worn and exhausted; emaciated.
56. c DE and BC must surely go together for the movie
references. If DE goes together then B (this question)
must follow E. And A would follow C as it sums up the
discussion. So, (c) is the answer.
57. d DC must go together and it must begin the paragraph.
The paragraph cannot begin with A or B. At the same
time, B must follow C as these tales in B refer to
shown as in C.
So, the answer is (d).
58. c Though B can follow C, D has to follow C or it cannot
be fitted in anywhere else. B the loot in question must
follow D. So, the answer has to be (c).
59. c Option (a) is correct. In the clear means
obsolved of blame or guilt.
Option (b) is correct. Clear out means to remove or to
take away.
Option (c) is incorrect; the correct sentence
should be The residents of the city were
warned to clear off before the floods came.
Clear off means to leave or to escape. The use of
clear up is incorrect in option (c) is incorrect as clear
up means to make clear, to explain and to solve.
Option (d) is correct. Clear away means to disappear
or to vanish.
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Test Prep
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60. d Option (a) is correct. Hit off means
to represent or describe precisely or aptly. Option (b)
is correct. Hit also means to be published in or
appear in a newspaper or a magazine. Option (c) is
correct. Hit the high spots means paying
attention to only the most important or obvious facets
or items. Option (d) is incorrect. The correct
sentence should be Critics hit out at the
administrations new energy policy. Hit out means
to make a violent verbal attack.