Anda di halaman 1dari 41

Temporary Repairs

Presented by: Charlie Rutan Formally Senior Engineering Advisor for LyondellBasell

Fixed Equipment Inspection, Repair, and Failure Analysis Houston, Texas October 14, 2010

Special Acknowledgements
Michael Guillot, Ph.D., P.E. Stress Engineering
Services, Inc.; mike.guillot@stress.com

ASME Fixed Equipment Inspection, Repair, and


Failure Analysis Seminar Houston, Texas August 1820, 2009

Contents of Presentation
Repairs made at every plant to keep things
running, but considered as temporary repairs by API or other governing bodies

On-line, non-welded repairs On-line, welded repairs

Documentation and tracking of temporary


repairs

Temporary Repairs Definitions


From API 510 3.60:
Repairs made to pressure vessels to restore sufficient
integrity to continue safe operation until permanent repairs can be conducted

From API 570 3.45:


Repairs made to piping systems to restore sufficient
integrity to continue safe operation until permanent repairs can be scheduled and accomplished within a time period acceptable to the Inspector or Piping Engineer
4

Temporary Repairs Definitions (Continued)


On-line, non-welded repairs Flange repair Enclosures

Flange Repair

Wire-wrap procedure Used in flange gaps up to

10 mm (0.4 inches) Pressure limitations Immediate off-the-truck repair Excessive peening must be avoided to prevent bolts from being overloaded

10

11

12

Mechanical Clamp Repair (continued) Hot Tapping can be performed through mechanical clamps. This is a very effective way of preventing a crack to propagate.

13

14

15

16

17

18

Hot Tap
Hot Tapping Line Stops

19

Physical limitations (continued)


Metal Thickness > 0.75 Difficulties excessive
metal shavings Required thickness calculations, body bound bolts, and no
pilot drill

Hot Tapping in the horizontal direction Turn the


valve up side down and let the shavings fall into the valve bonnet Local stress relieving may be required for carbon steels due to the steels thickness This may be a real issue! (Cooper Heat)

20

On-Line Weld Repairs (continued) In some cases these repairs can be considered permanent repairs. Allow clamp to come to line temperature Use the proper welding procedure

First weld will be a circumferential weld at one end of


the clamp Second welds are the longitudinal welds After welds have cooled the circumferential weld can be made.

21

On-Line Weld Repairs Welding Procedures (continued) Process conditions are key and will define the welding criteria TIG welding is preferred for the first 3 or 4 passes. A 3/32 diameter weld rod should be used for the next 3 to 4

passes Typically then a 1/8 diameter rod can then be used

Note: on the inside of a 6 pipe with a wall thickness of 0.280 the wall temperature was measured to be 740oF with the TIG heat area of .39 in2 while the 3/32 diameter weld rod had the same temperature but the area was increased 1.83 times from 0.39 in2 to 0.95 in2
22

History of Hot Tapping


The first hot taps were made with
sledgehammers and pointed bars H. Muller, founder of Muller Company, patented first tapping machine (1872) Frank Wheatley Company of Tulsa Oklahoma developed first tapping machine for oil and gas industry In 1932, J. E. Polston and A. M. Hill invented P&H Tapping Machine. A telescoping boring bar was the special design feature.

23

Very Early Hot Tap

24

Tapping Through A Pipe Wall

25

Pipe ID Flow Stop

26

Modified Muller Hot Tap

27

Modified Muller Line Stop

28

Hot Tap vs. Clamp for Repair

29

30

31

Hot Tap for Repairs

32

33

Lap patch in a refinery FCCU


In FCCU units, catalyst continually circulates at
temperatures of 1200 to 1400F (650 to 750C). Catalyst is circulating at high velocity, so it is extremely erosive. Carbon steel is used in services < 750F (400C). At higher temperatures, it loses mechanical strength, and therefore its ability to withstand pressure.

34

Documentation & Tracking of Temporary Repairs

API 510 8.1.5.1 Temporary Repairs 8.1.5.1.1 General Temporary repairs should be removed and replaced with suitable permanent
repairs at next available maintenance opportunity. Temporary repairs may remain in place for a longer period of time only if evaluated, approved, and documented by engineer and inspector.

Documentation of temporary repairs should include

Location of temporary repair Specific details, e.g., material of construction, thickness, size of welds, NDE
performed Details of analyses performed Requirements for future inspections Due date for installing permanent repair

Inspection plans shall include monitoring integrity of temporary repair until permanent repairs are complete

35

Documentation & Tracking of Temporary Repairs

API 510 8.1.5.1 Temporary Repairs (contd.)


8.1.5.1.2 Fillet-Welded Patches
Fillet-welded patches may be used to make temporary repairs to
damaged, corroded, or eroded areas of pressure vessel components. Cracks shall not be repaired in this manner unless the engineer determines that cracks will not be expected to propagate from under the patch. In some cases, the engineer may need to perform a fitness-for-service analysis. Temporary repairs using fillet-welded patches shall be approved by an inspector and engineer. Use of fillet-welded patches may be subject to acceptance of governing jurisdiction.

36

Documentation & Tracking of Temporary Repairs

API 570 7.6 Reporting and Records for Piping System Inspection Any significant increase in corrosion rates shall be reported to

owner/user for appropriate action (Change in process conditions) Owner/user shall maintain appropriate permanent and progressive records of each piping system covered by API 570. These records shall contain pertinent data such a

Piping system service Classification Identification numbers Inspection intervals Documents necessary to record name of individual performing testing, date,
types of testing, results of thickness measurements and other tests, inspections, repairs (temporary and permanent), alterations, or rerating.

37

Documentation & Tracking of Temporary Repairs

API 570 8.1.3 Welding Repairs (including on-stream) 8.1.3.1 Temporary Repairs For temporary repairs, including on-stream, a full encirclement
welded split sleeve or box-type enclosure designed by piping engineer may be applied over damaged or corroded area. Longitudinal cracks shall not be repaired in this manner unless piping engineer has determined that cracks would not be expected to propagate from under the sleeve. In some cases, piping engineer will need to consult with a fracture analyst. If repair area is located (for example, pitting or pinholes) and specified minimum yield strength (SMYS) of the pipe is < 40 ksi (276 MPa), a temporary repair may be made by fillet welding a properly designed split coupling or plate patch over pitted area. Material for the repair shall match base metal unless approved by piping engineer.
38

Documentation & Tracking of Temporary Repairs

API 570 8.1.3 Welding Repairs (including on-stream) 8.1.3.1 Temporary Repairs (contd.) For minor leaks, properly designed enclosures may be welded over
the leak while piping system is in service, provided inspector is satisfied that adequate thickness remains near weld, and piping component can withstand welding without likelihood of further material damage, such as from caustic service. Temporary repairs should be removed and replaced with a suitable permanent repair at next available maintenance opportunity. Temporary repairs may remain in place for a longer time only if approved and documented by piping engineer.

39

Documentation & Tracking of Temporary Repairs

Temporary repairs should be removed and


replaced with a suitable permanent repair at the next available maintenance opportunity.

40

Questions and Comments

41