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Excel 2007 Functions AVERAGE AVERAGEIF AVERAGEIFS COUNT COUNTA COUNTIF COUNTIFS DATEDIF DAY EDATE EOMONTH FIND

HLOOKUP HOUR IF IFERROR LEFT LEN MAX MID MIN MINUTE MONTH NETWORKDAYS NOW PMT RIGHT SECOND SUBTOTAL SUM SUMIF SUMIFS SUMPRODUCT TIME TIMEVALUE TODAY VLOOKUP WORKDAY YEAR

Function Category Add-in and Automation Add-in and Automation

Function Name CALL EUROCONVERT

Add-in and Automation Add-in and Automation Add-in and Automation

GETPIVOTDATA REGISTER.ID SQL.REQUEST

Cube

CUBEKPIMEMBER

Cube Cube

CUBEMEMBER CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY

Cube Cube

CUBERANKEDMEMBER CUBESET

Cube Cube Database Database Database Database Database Database Database Database Database Database Database

CUBESETCOUNT CUBEVALUE DAVERAGE DCOUNT DCOUNTA DGET DMAX DMIN DPRODUCT DSTDEV DSTDEVP DSUM DVAR

Database Date Date Date Date and and and and time time time time

DVARP DATE DATEVALUE DAY DAYS360 EDATE EOMONTH HOUR MINUTE MONTH NETWORKDAYS NOW SECOND TIME TIMEVALUE TODAY WEEKDAY WEEKNUM WORKDAY YEAR YEARFRAC BESSELI BESSELJ BESSELK BESSELY BIN2DEC BIN2HEX BIN2OCT COMPLEX CONVERT DEC2BIN DEC2HEX DEC2OCT DELTA ERF ERFC GESTEP HEX2BIN

Date and time Date and time Date Date Date Date Date Date Date Date Date Date Date and and and and and and and and and and and time time time time time time time time time time time

Date and time Date and time Date and time Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering

Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial

HEX2DEC HEX2OCT IMABS IMAGINARY IMARGUMENT IMCONJUGATE IMCOS IMDIV IMEXP IMLN IMLOG10 IMLOG2 IMPOWER IMPRODUCT IMREAL IMSIN IMSQRT IMSUB IMSUM OCT2BIN OCT2DEC OCT2HEX ACCRINT ACCRINTM AMORDEGRC AMORLINC COUPDAYBS COUPDAYS COUPDAYSNC COUPNCD COUPNUM COUPPCD CUMIPMT CUMPRINC DB DDB

Financial

DISC

Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial

DOLLARDE DOLLARFR DURATION EFFECT FV FVSCHEDULE INTRATE IPMT IRR ISPMT MDURATION MIRR NOMINAL NPER NPV ODDFPRICE ODDFYIELD ODDLPRICE ODDLYIELD PMT PPMT PRICE PRICEDISC PRICEMAT PV RATE RECEIVED SLN SYD TBILLEQ TBILLPRICE TBILLYIELD

Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Logical Logical Logical Logical Logical Logical Logical Lookup Lookup Lookup Lookup Lookup Lookup

VDB XIRR XNPV YIELD YIELDDISC YIELDMAT CELL ERROR.TYPE INFO ISBLANK ISERR ISERROR ISEVEN ISLOGICAL ISNA ISNONTEXT ISNUMBER ISODD ISREF ISTEXT N NA TYPE AND IF IFERROR NOT OR FALSE TRUE ADDRESS AREAS CHOOSE COLUMN COLUMNS HLOOKUP HYPERLINK

and and and and and and

reference reference reference reference reference reference

Lookup and reference

Lookup and reference Lookup and reference Lookup and reference Lookup Lookup Lookup Lookup Lookup and and and and and reference reference reference reference reference

INDEX INDIRECT LOOKUP MATCH OFFSET ROW ROWS RTD

Lookup and reference Lookup and reference Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig

TRANSPOSE VLOOKUP ABS ACOS ACOSH ASIN ASINH ATAN ATAN2 ATANH CEILING COMBIN COS COSH DEGREES EVEN EXP FACT FACTDOUBLE FLOOR GCD INT LCM LN LOG LOG10 MDETERM MINVERSE MMULT

Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math Math

& & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & & &

Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig

MOD MROUND MULTINOMIAL ODD PI POWER PRODUCT QUOTIENT RADIANS RAND RANDBETWEEN ROMAN ROUND ROUNDDOWN ROUNDUP SERIESSUM SIGN SIN SINH SQRT SQRTPI SUBTOTAL SUM SUMIF SUMIFS SUMPRODUCT SUMSQ SUMX2MY2 SUMX2PY2 SUMXMY2 TAN TANH TRUNC AVEDEV AVERAGE AVERAGEA AVERAGEIF AVERAGEIFS

Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical

Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical

BETADIST BETAINV BINOMDIST CHIDIST CHIINV CHITEST CONFIDENCE CORREL COUNT COUNTA COUNTBLANK COUNTIF COUNTIFS COVAR CRITBINOM DEVSQ EXPONDIST FDIST FINV FISHER FISHERINV FORECAST FREQUENCY FTEST GAMMADIST GAMMAINV GAMMALN GEOMEAN GROWTH HARMEAN HYPGEOMDIST INTERCEPT KURT LARGE LINEST LOGEST LOGINV LOGNORMDIST MAX

Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical

MAXA MEDIAN MIN MINA MODE NEGBINOMDIST NORMDIST NORMINV NORMSDIST NORMSINV PEARSON PERCENTILE PERCENTRANK PERMUT POISSON PROB QUARTILE RANK RSQ SKEW SLOPE SMALL STANDARDIZE STDEV STDEVA STDEVP STDEVPA STEYX TDIST TINV TREND TRIMMEAN TTEST VAR VARA VARP

Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Text Undocumented Undocumented

VARPA WEIBULL ZTEST ASC BAHTTEXT CHAR CLEAN CODE CONCATENATE DOLLAR EXACT FIND FINDB FIXED JIS LEFT LEFTB LEN LENB LOWER MID MIDB PHONETIC PROPER REPLACE REPLACEB REPT RIGHT RIGHTB SEARCH SEARCHB SUBSTITUTE T TEXT TRIM UPPER VALUE DATEDIF USDOLLAR

Description Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation) Returns data stored in a PivotTable report Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. Returns the number of items in a set. Returns an aggregated value from a cube. Returns the average of selected database entries Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database Counts nonblank cells in a database Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria Returns the maximum value from selected database entries Returns the minimum value from selected database entries Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries

Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries Returns the serial number of a particular date Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number Converts a serial number to a day of the month Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months Converts a serial number to an hour Converts a serial number to a minute Converts a serial number to a month Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates Returns the serial number of the current date and time Converts a serial number to a second Returns the serial number of a particular time Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number Returns the serial number of today's date Converts a serial number to a day of the week Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays Converts a serial number to a year Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) Converts a binary number to decimal Converts a binary number to hexadecimal Converts a binary number to octal Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number Converts a number from one measurement system to another Converts a decimal number to binary Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal Converts a decimal number to octal Tests whether two values are equal Returns the error function Returns the complementary error function Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value Converts a hexadecimal number to binary

Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal Converts a hexadecimal number to octal Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number Returns the cosine of a complex number Returns the quotient of two complex numbers Returns the exponential of a complex number Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number Returns a complex number raised to an integer power Returns the product of from 2 to 29 complex numbers Returns the real coefficient of a complex number Returns the sine of a complex number Returns the square root of a complex number Returns the difference between two complex numbers Returns the sum of complex numbers Converts an octal number to binary Converts an octal number to decimal Converts an octal number to hexadecimal Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient Returns the depreciation for each accounting period Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixeddeclining balance method Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the doubledeclining balance method or some other method that you specify Returns the discount rate for a security

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments Returns the effective annual interest rate Returns the future value of an investment Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates Returns the annual nominal interest rate Returns the number of periods for an investment Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period Returns the periodic payment for an annuity Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns the the the the the present value of an investment interest rate per period of an annuity amount received at maturity for a fully invested security straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill Returns the yield for a Treasury bill

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell Returns a number corresponding to an error type Returns information about the current operating environment Returns TRUE if the value is blank Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A Returns TRUE if the value is any error value Returns TRUE if the number is even Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value Returns TRUE if the value is not text Returns TRUE if the value is a number Returns TRUE if the number is odd Returns TRUE if the value is a reference Returns TRUE if the value is text Returns a value converted to a number Returns the error value #N/A Returns a number indicating the data type of a value Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE Specifies a logical test to perform Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula Reverses the logic of its argument Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE Returns the logical value FALSE Returns the logical value TRUE Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet Returns the number of areas in a reference Chooses a value from a list of values Returns the column number of a reference Returns the number of columns in a reference Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet

Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array Returns a reference indicated by a text value Looks up values in a vector or array Looks up values in a reference or array Returns a reference offset from a given reference Returns the row number of a reference Returns the number of rows in a reference Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation(Automation: A way to work with an application's objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).) Returns the transpose of an array Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell Returns the absolute value of a number Returns the arccosine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number Returns the arcsine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number Returns the arctangent of a number Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects Returns the cosine of a number Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number Converts radians to degrees Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer Returns e raised to the power of a given number Returns the factorial of a number Returns the double factorial of a number Rounds a number down, toward zero Returns the greatest common divisor Rounds a number down to the nearest integer Returns the least common multiple Returns the natural logarithm of a number Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number Returns the matrix determinant of an array Returns the matrix inverse of an array Returns the matrix product of two arrays

Returns the remainder from division Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer Returns the value of pi Returns the result of a number raised to a power Multiplies its arguments Returns the integer portion of a division Converts degrees to radians Returns a random number between 0 and 1 Returns a random number between the numbers you specify Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text Rounds a number to a specified number of digits Rounds a number down, toward zero Rounds a number up, away from zero Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula Returns the sign of a number Returns the sine of the given angle Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number Returns a positive square root Returns the square root of (number * pi) Returns a subtotal in a list or database Adds its arguments Adds the cells specified by a given criteria Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the tangent of a number Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number Truncates a number to an integer Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean Returns the average of its arguments Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.

Returns the beta cumulative distribution function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the test for independence Returns the confidence interval for a population mean Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments Counts how many values are in the list of arguments Counts the number of blank cells within a range Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value Returns the sum of squares of deviations Returns the exponential distribution Returns the F probability distribution Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns the Fisher transformation the inverse of the Fisher transformation a value along a linear trend a frequency distribution as a vertical array the result of an F-test the gamma distribution the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution the natural logarithm of the gamma function, (x) the geometric mean values along an exponential trend the harmonic mean the hypergeometric distribution the the the the the the the the intercept of the linear regression line kurtosis of a data set k-th largest value in a data set parameters of a linear trend parameters of an exponential trend inverse of the lognormal distribution cumulative lognormal distribution maximum value in a list of arguments

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the median of the given numbers Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the most common value in a data set Returns the negative binomial distribution Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns the the the the the the the the the the the the the normal cumulative distribution inverse of the normal cumulative distribution standard normal cumulative distribution inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Pearson product moment correlation coefficient k-th percentile of values in a range percentage rank of a value in a data set number of permutations for a given number of objects Poisson distribution probability that values in a range are between two limits quartile of a data set rank of a number in a list of numbers square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

Returns the skewness of a distribution Returns the slope of the linear regression line Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set Returns a normalized value Estimates standard deviation based on a sample Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression Returns the Student's t-distribution Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution Returns values along a linear trend Returns the mean of the interior of a data set Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test Estimates variance based on a sample Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population

Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the Weibull distribution Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters Converts a number to text, using the (baht) currency format Returns the character specified by the code number Removes all nonprintable characters from text Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string Joins several text items into one text item Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format Checks to see if two text values are identical Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters Returns the leftmost characters from a text value Returns the leftmost characters from a text value Returns the number of characters in a text string Returns the number of characters in a text string Converts text to lowercase Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value Replaces characters within text Replaces characters within text Repeats text a given number of times Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) Substitutes new text for old text in a text string Converts its arguments to text Formats a number and converts it to text Removes spaces from text Converts text to uppercase Converts a text argument to a number Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is provided for compatibility with Lotus 1-2-3. Converts a number to text, using currency format.

Syntax CALL(register_id, argument1, ...) CALL(module_text, procedure, type_text, argument1, ...) EUROCONVERT(number, source, target, full_precision, triangulation_precision)

GETPIVOTDATA(data_field, pivot_table, field1, item1, field2, item2, ...) REGISTER.ID(module_text, procedure, type_text) SQL.REQUEST(connection_string, output_ref, driver_prompt, query_text, col_names_logical)

CUBEKPIMEMBER(connection, kpi_name, kpi_property, caption)

CUBEMEMBER(connection, member_expression, caption) CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY(connection, member_expression, property)

CUBERANKEDMEMBER(connection, set_expression, rank, caption) CUBESET(connection, set_expression, caption, sort_order, sort_by)

CUBESETCOUNT(set) CUBEVALUE(connection, member_expression1, member_expression2) DAVERAGE(database, field, criteria) DCOUNT(database, field, criteria) DCOUNTA(database, field, criteria) DGET(database, field, criteria) DMAX(database, field, criteria) DMIN(database, field, criteria) DPRODUCT(database, field, criteria) DSTDEV(database, field, criteria) DSTDEVP(database, field, criteria) DSUM(database, field, criteria) DVAR(database, field, criteria)

DVARP(database, field, criteria) DATE(year, month, day) DATEVALUE(date_text) DAY(serial_number) DAYS360(start_date, end_date, [method]) EDATE(start_date, months) EOMONTH(start_date, months) HOUR(serial_number) MINUTE(serial_number) MONTH(serial_number) NETWORKDAYS(start_date, end_date, holidays) NOW() SECOND(serial_number) TIME(hour, minute, second) TIMEVALUE(time_text) TODAY( ) WEEKDAY(serial_number, return_type) WEEKNUM(serial_num, return_type) WORKDAY(start_date, days, holidays) YEAR(serial_number) YEARFRAC(start_date, end_date, basis) BESSELI(x, n) BESSELJ(x, n) BESSELK(x, n) BESSELY(x, n) BIN2DEC(number) BIN2HEX(number, places) BIN2OCT(number, places) COMPLEX(real_num, i_num, suffix) CONVERT(number, from_unit, to_unit) DEC2BIN(Number) DEC2HEX(Number) DEC2OCT(Number) DELTA(number1, number2) ERF(lower_limit, upper_limit) ERFC(x) GESTEP(number, step) HEX2BIN(Number, Places)

HEX2DEC(Number) HEX2OCT(Number, Places) IMABS(inumber) IMAGINARY(inumber) IMARGUMENT(inumber) IMCONJUGATE(inumber) IMCOS(inumber) IMDIV(inumber1, inumber2) IMEXP(inumber) IMLN(inumber) IMLOG10(inumber) IMLOG2(inumber) IMPOWER(inumber, number) IMPRODUCT(inumber1, inumber2, ...) IMREAL(inumber) IMSIN(inumber) IMSQRT(inumber) IMSUB(inumber1, inumber2) IMSUM(inumber1, inumber2, ...) OCT2BIN(number, places) OCT2DEC(number) OCT2HEX(number, places) ACCRINT(issue, first_interest, settlement, rate, par, frequency, basis, calc_method) ACCRINTM(issue, settlement, rate, par, basis) AMORDEGRC(cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, basis) AMORLINC(cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, basis) COUPDAYBS(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPDAYS(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPDAYSNC(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPNCD(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPNUM(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPPCD(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) CUMIPMT(rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type) CUMPRINC(rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type) DB(cost, salvage, life, period, month) DDB(cost, salvage, life, period, factor)

DISC(settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, basis)

DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar, fraction) DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar, fraction) DURATION(settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency, basis) EFFECT(nominal_rate, npery) FV(rate, nper, pmt, pv, type) FVSCHEDULE(principal, schedule) INTRATE(settlement, maturity, investment, redemption, basis) IPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, fv, type) IRR(values, guess) ISPMT(rate, per, nper, pv) MDURATION(settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency, basis) MIRR(values, finance_rate, reinvest_rate) NOMINAL(effect_rate, npery) NPER(rate, pmt, pv, fv, type) NPV(rate, value1, value2, ...) ODDFPRICE(settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, basis) ODDFYIELD(settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, basis) ODDLPRICE(settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, basis) ODDLYIELD(settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, basis) PMT(rate, nper, pv, fv, type) PPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, fv, type) PRICE(settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, basis) PRICEDISC(settlement, maturity, discount, redemption, basis) PRICEMAT(settlement, maturity, issue, rate, yld, basis) PV(rate, nper, pmt, fv, type) RATE(nper, pmt, pv, fv, type, guess) RECEIVED(settlement, maturity, investment, discount, basis) SLN(cost, salvage, life) SYD(cost, salvage, life, per) TBILLEQ(settlement, maturity, discount) TBILLPRICE(settlement, maturity, discount) TBILLYIELD(settlement, maturity, pr)

VDB(cost, salvage, life, start_period, end_period, factor, no_switch) XIRR(values, dates, guess) XNPV(rate, values, dates) YIELD(settlement, maturity, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, basis) YIELDDISC(settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, basis) YIELDMAT(settlement, maturity, issue, rate, pr, basis) CELL(info_type, reference) ERROR.TYPE(error_val) INFO(type_text) ISBLANK(Value) ISERR(Value) ISERROR(Value) ISEVEN(Number) ISLOGICAL(Value) ISNA(Value) ISNONTEXT(Value) ISNUMBER(Value) ISODD(Number) ISREF(Value) ISTEXT(Value) N(Value) NA() TYPE(value) AND(Logical1, Logical2, ) IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false) IFERROR(value, value_if_error) NOT(Logical) OR(logical1, logical2, ...) FALSE( ) TRUE( ) ADDRESS(Row_num, Column_num, Abs_num, A1, Sheet_text) AREAS(reference) CHOOSE(index_num, value1, value2, ...) COLUMN(reference) COLUMNS(array) HLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, row_index_num, range_lookup) HYPERLINK(link_location, friendly_name)

INDEX(array, row_num, column_num) INDEX(reference, row_num, column_num, area_num) INDIRECT(ref_text, a1) LOOKUP(lookup_value, lookup_vector, result_vector) LOOKUP(lookup_value, array) MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, match_type) OFFSET(reference, rows, cols, height, width) ROW(reference) ROWS(array) RTD(ProgID, server, topic1, [topic2], ...)

TRANSPOSE(array) VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, range_lookup) ABS(Number) ACOS(number) ACOSH(number) ASIN(number) ASINH(number) ATAN (number) ATAN2(x_num, y_num) ATANH(number) CEILING(number, significance) COMBIN(number, number_chosen) COS(Number) COSH(Number) DEGREES(angle) EVEN(Number) EXP(Number) FACT(Number) FACTDOUBLE(number) FLOOR(number, significance) GCD(number1, number2, ...) INT(Number) LCM(number1, number2, ...) LN(Number) LOG(Number, base) LOG10(Number) MDETERM(array) MINVERSE(array) MMULT(array1, array2)

MOD(number, divisor) MROUND(number, multiple) MULTINOMIAL(number1, number2, ...) ODD(number) PI() POWER(number, power) PRODUCT(number1, number2, ...) QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator) RADIANS(angle) RAND() RANDBETWEEN(bottom, top) ROMAN(number, form) ROUND(number, num_digits) ROUNDDOWN(number, num_digits) ROUNDUP(number, num_digits) SERIESSUM(x, n, m, coefficients) SIGN(number) SIN(number) SINH(number) SQRT(number) SQRTPI(number) SUBTOTAL(function_num, ref1, ref2, ...) SUM(number1, number2, ...) SUMIF(range, criteria, sum_range) SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ) SUMPRODUCT(array1, array2, array3, ...) SUMSQ(number1, number2, ...) SUMX2MY2(array_x, array_y) SUMX2PY2(array_x, array_y) SUMXMY2(array_x, array_y) TAN(number) TANH(number) TRUNC(number, num_digits) AVEDEV(number1, number2, ...) AVERAGE(Number1, Number2, ) AVERAGEA(Value1, Value2, ) AVERAGEIF(range,criteria,average_range)

AVERAGEIFS(average_range,criteria_range1,criteria1,criteria_range2,criteria2)

BETADIST(x, alpha, beta, A, B) BETAINV(probability, alpha, beta, A, B) BINOMDIST(number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative) CHIDIST(x, degrees_freedom) CHIINV(probability, degrees_freedom) CHITEST(actual_range, expected_range) CONFIDENCE(alpha, standard_dev, size) CORREL(array1, array2) COUNT(value1, value2, ...) COUNTA(value1, value2, ...) COUNTBLANK(range) COUNTIF(range, criteria) COUNTIFS(criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2]) COVAR(array1, array2) CRITBINOM(trials, probability_s, alpha) DEVSQ(number1, number2, ...) EXPONDIST(x, lambda, cumulative) FDIST(x, degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) FINV(probability, degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) FISHER(x) FISHERINV(y) FORECAST(x, known_y's, known_x's) FREQUENCY(data_array, bins_array) FTEST(array1, array2) GAMMADIST(x, alpha, beta, cumulative) GAMMAINV(probability, alpha, beta) GAMMALN(x) GEOMEAN(number1, number2, ...) GROWTH(known_y's, known_x's, new_x's, const) HARMEAN(number1, number2, ...) HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s, number_sample, population_s, number_population) INTERCEPT(known_y's, known_x's) KURT(number1, number2, ...) LARGE(array, k) LINEST(known_y's, known_x's, const, stats) LOGEST(known_y's, known_x's, const, stats) LOGINV(probability, mean, standard_dev) LOGNORMDIST(x, mean, standard_dev) MAX(number1, number2, ...)

MAXA(value1, value2, ...) MEDIAN(number1, number2, ...) MIN(number1, number2, ...) MINA(value1, value2, ...) MODE(number1, number2, ...) NEGBINOMDIST(number_f, number_s, probability_s) NORMDIST(x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative) NORMINV(probability, mean, standard_dev) NORMSDIST(z) NORMSINV(probability) PEARSON(array1, array2) PERCENTILE(array, k) PERCENTRANK(array, x, significance) PERMUT(number, number_chosen) POISSON(x, mean, cumulative) PROB(x_range, prob_range, lower_limit, upper_limit) QUARTILE(array, quart) RANK(number, ref, order) RSQ(known_y's, known_x's) SKEW(number1, number2, ...) SLOPE(known_y's, known_x's) SMALL(array, k) STANDARDIZE(x, mean, standard_dev) STDEV(number1, number2, ...) STDEVA(value1, value2, ...) STDEVP(number1, number2, ...) STDEVPA(value1, value2, ...) STEYX(known_y's, known_x's) TDIST(x, degrees_freedom, tails) TINV(probability, degrees_freedom) TREND(known_y's, known_x's, new_x's, const) TRIMMEAN(array, percent) TTEST(array1, array2, tails, type) VAR(number1, number2, ...) VARA(value1, value2, ...) VARP(number1, number2, ...)

VARPA(value1, value2, ...) WEIBULL(x, alpha, beta, cumulative) ZTEST(array, x, sigma) ASC(Text) BAHTTEXT(number) CHAR(Number) CLEAN(text) CODE(text) CONCATENATE (text1, text2, ...) DOLLAR(number, decimals) EXACT(text1, text2) FIND(find_text, within_text, start_num) FINDB(find_text, within_text, start_num) FIXED(number, decimals, no_commas) JIS(text) LEFT(text, num_chars) LEFTB(text, num_bytes) LEN(text) LENB(text) LOWER(text) MID(text, start_num, num_chars) MIDB(text, start_num, num_bytes) PHONETIC(reference) PROPER(text) REPLACE(old_text, start_num, num_chars, new_text) REPLACEB(old_text, start_num, num_bytes, new_text) REPT(text, number_times) RIGHT(text, num_chars) RIGHTB(text, num_bytes) SEARCH(find_text, within_text, start_num) SEARCHB(find_text, within_text, start_num) SUBSTITUTE(text, old_text, new_text, instance_num) T(value) TEXT(value, format_text) TRIM(text) UPPER(text) VALUE(text) DATEDIF(start_date, end_date, unit) USDOLLAR(Number, decimals)

Function Category Math & Trig Financial Financial Math & Trig Math & Trig Lookup and reference Financial Financial Logical Lookup and reference Text Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Statistical Statistical Engineering Engineering Engineering Statistical Add-in and Automation Math & Trig Information

Function Name ABS ACCRINT ACCRINTM ACOS ACOSH ADDRESS AMORDEGRC AMORLINC AND AREAS ASC ASIN ASINH ATAN ATAN2 ATANH AVEDEV AVERAGE AVERAGEA AVERAGEIF AVERAGEIFS BAHTTEXT BESSELI BESSELJ BESSELK BESSELY BETADIST BETAINV BIN2DEC BIN2HEX BIN2OCT BINOMDIST CALL CEILING CELL

Text Statistical Statistical Statistical Lookup and reference Text Text Lookup and reference Lookup and reference Math & Trig Engineering Text Statistical Engineering Statistical Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Financial Statistical Statistical Cube

CHAR CHIDIST CHIINV CHITEST CHOOSE CLEAN CODE COLUMN COLUMNS COMBIN COMPLEX CONCATENATE CONFIDENCE CONVERT CORREL COS COSH COUNT COUNTA COUNTBLANK COUNTIF COUNTIFS COUPDAYBS COUPDAYS COUPDAYSNC COUPNCD COUPNUM COUPPCD COVAR CRITBINOM CUBEKPIMEMBER

Cube Cube

CUBEMEMBER CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY

Cube Cube

CUBERANKEDMEMBER CUBESET

Cube Cube Financial Financial Date and time Undocumented Date and time Database Date and time Date and time Financial Database Database Financial

CUBESETCOUNT CUBEVALUE CUMIPMT CUMPRINC DATE DATEDIF DATEVALUE DAVERAGE DAY DAYS360 DB DCOUNT DCOUNTA DDB

Engineering Engineering Engineering Math & Trig Engineering Statistical Database Financial Database Database Text Financial Financial Database Database

DEC2BIN DEC2HEX DEC2OCT DEGREES DELTA DEVSQ DGET DISC DMAX DMIN DOLLAR DOLLARDE DOLLARFR DPRODUCT DSTDEV

Database Database Financial Database Database Date and time Financial Date and time Engineering Engineering Information Add-in and Automation

DSTDEVP DSUM DURATION DVAR DVARP EDATE EFFECT EOMONTH ERF ERFC ERROR.TYPE EUROCONVERT

Math & Trig Text Math & Trig Statistical Math & Trig Math & Trig Logical Statistical Text Text Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Math & Trig Statistical Statistical Statistical Financial Financial Statistical Statistical

EVEN EXACT EXP EXPONDIST FACT FACTDOUBLE FALSE FDIST FIND FINDB FINV FISHER FISHERINV FIXED FLOOR FORECAST FREQUENCY FTEST FV FVSCHEDULE GAMMADIST GAMMAINV

Statistical Math & Trig Statistical Engineering Add-in and Automation Statistical Statistical Engineering Engineering Engineering Lookup and reference Date and time Lookup and reference Statistical Logical Logical Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Engineering Lookup and reference Lookup and reference Information Math & Trig Statistical Financial Financial

GAMMALN GCD GEOMEAN GESTEP GETPIVOTDATA GROWTH HARMEAN HEX2BIN HEX2DEC HEX2OCT HLOOKUP HOUR HYPERLINK HYPGEOMDIST IF IFERROR IMABS IMAGINARY IMARGUMENT IMCONJUGATE IMCOS IMDIV IMEXP IMLN IMLOG10 IMLOG2 IMPOWER IMPRODUCT IMREAL IMSIN IMSQRT IMSUB IMSUM INDEX INDIRECT INFO INT INTERCEPT INTRATE IPMT

Financial Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Information Financial Information Information Text Statistical Statistical Math & Trig Text Text Text Text Statistical Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Statistical Statistical Lookup and reference Text Lookup and reference Statistical Statistical Math & Trig Financial Statistical Text Text Statistical

IRR ISBLANK ISERR ISERROR ISEVEN ISLOGICAL ISNA ISNONTEXT ISNUMBER ISODD ISPMT ISREF ISTEXT JIS KURT LARGE LCM LEFT LEFTB LEN LENB LINEST LN LOG LOG10 LOGEST LOGINV LOGNORMDIST LOOKUP LOWER MATCH MAX MAXA MDETERM MDURATION MEDIAN MID MIDB MIN

Statistical Date and time Math & Trig Financial Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Date and time Math & Trig Math & Trig Information Information Statistical Date and time Financial Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Logical Date and time Financial Financial Engineering Engineering Engineering Math & Trig Financial Financial Financial Financial Lookup and reference Logical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Math & Trig

MINA MINUTE MINVERSE MIRR MMULT MOD MODE MONTH MROUND MULTINOMIAL N NA NEGBINOMDIST NETWORKDAYS NOMINAL NORMDIST NORMINV NORMSDIST NORMSINV NOT NOW NPER NPV OCT2BIN OCT2DEC OCT2HEX ODD ODDFPRICE ODDFYIELD ODDLPRICE ODDLYIELD OFFSET OR PEARSON PERCENTILE PERCENTRANK PERMUT PHONETIC PI

Financial Statistical Math & Trig Financial Financial Financial Financial Statistical Math & Trig Text Financial Statistical Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Financial Financial Add-in and Automation Text Text Text Text Text Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Lookup and reference Lookup and reference Statistical Lookup and reference

PMT POISSON POWER PPMT PRICE PRICEDISC PRICEMAT PROB PRODUCT PROPER PV QUARTILE QUOTIENT RADIANS RAND RANDBETWEEN RANK RATE RECEIVED REGISTER.ID REPLACE REPLACEB REPT RIGHT RIGHTB ROMAN ROUND ROUNDDOWN ROUNDUP ROW ROWS RSQ RTD

Text Text Date and time

SEARCH SEARCHB SECOND

Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Financial Statistical Statistical Add-in and Automation

SERIESSUM SIGN SIN SINH SKEW SLN SLOPE SMALL SQL.REQUEST

Math & Trig Math & Trig Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Text Math Math Math Math Math Math Math

SQRT SQRTPI STANDARDIZE STDEV STDEVA STDEVP STDEVPA STEYX SUBSTITUTE SUBTOTAL SUM SUMIF SUMIFS SUMPRODUCT SUMSQ SUMX2MY2 SUMX2PY2 SUMXMY2 SYD T TAN TANH TBILLEQ TBILLPRICE TBILLYIELD TDIST TEXT

& & & & & & &

Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig Trig

Math & Trig Math & Trig Financial Text Math & Trig Math & Trig Financial Financial Financial Statistical Text

Date and time Date and time Statistical Date and time Lookup and reference Statistical Text Statistical Logical Math & Trig Statistical Information Text Undocumented Text Statistical Statistical Statistical Statistical Financial Lookup and reference Date and time Date and time Statistical Date and time Financial Financial Date and time Date and time Financial Financial Financial Statistical

TIME TIMEVALUE TINV TODAY TRANSPOSE TREND TRIM TRIMMEAN TRUE TRUNC TTEST TYPE UPPER USDOLLAR VALUE VAR VARA VARP VARPA VDB VLOOKUP WEEKDAY WEEKNUM WEIBULL WORKDAY XIRR XNPV YEAR YEARFRAC YIELD YIELDDISC YIELDMAT ZTEST

Description Returns the absolute value of a number Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity Returns the arccosine of a number Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient Returns the depreciation for each accounting period Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE Returns the number of areas in a reference Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns Returns the the the the the the arcsine of a number inverse hyperbolic sine of a number arctangent of a number arctangent from x- and y-coordinates inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

Returns the average of its arguments Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. Converts a number to text, using the (baht) currency format Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) Returns the beta cumulative distribution function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution Converts a binary number to decimal Converts a binary number to hexadecimal Converts a binary number to octal Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

Returns the character specified by the code number Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution Returns the test for independence Chooses a value from a list of values Removes all nonprintable characters from text Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string Returns the column number of a reference Returns the number of columns in a reference Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number Joins several text items into one text item Returns the confidence interval for a population mean Converts a number from one measurement system to another Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets Returns the cosine of a number Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments Counts how many values are in the list of arguments Counts the number of blank cells within a range Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.

Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. Returns the number of items in a set. Returns an aggregated value from a cube. Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods Returns the serial number of a particular date Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is provided for compatibility with Lotus 1-2-3. Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number Returns the average of selected database entries Converts a serial number to a day of the month Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixeddeclining balance method Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database Counts nonblank cells in a database Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the doubledeclining balance method or some other method that you specify Converts a decimal number to binary Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal Converts a decimal number to octal Converts radians to degrees Tests whether two values are equal Returns the sum of squares of deviations Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria Returns the discount rate for a security Returns the maximum value from selected database entries Returns the minimum value from selected database entries Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries

Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date Returns the effective annual interest rate Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months Returns the error function Returns the complementary error function Returns a number corresponding to an error type Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation) Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer Checks to see if two text values are identical Returns e raised to the power of a given number Returns the exponential distribution Returns the factorial of a number Returns the double factorial of a number Returns the logical value FALSE Returns the F probability distribution Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution Returns the Fisher transformation Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals Rounds a number down, toward zero Returns a value along a linear trend Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array Returns the result of an F-test Returns the future value of an investment Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates Returns the gamma distribution Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, (x) Returns the greatest common divisor Returns the geometric mean Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value Returns data stored in a PivotTable report Returns values along an exponential trend Returns the harmonic mean Converts a hexadecimal number to binary Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal Converts a hexadecimal number to octal Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell Converts a serial number to an hour Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet Returns the hypergeometric distribution Specifies a logical test to perform Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number Returns the cosine of a complex number Returns the quotient of two complex numbers Returns the exponential of a complex number Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number Returns a complex number raised to an integer power Returns the product of from 2 to 29 complex numbers Returns the real coefficient of a complex number Returns the sine of a complex number Returns the square root of a complex number Returns the difference between two complex numbers Returns the sum of complex numbers Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array Returns a reference indicated by a text value Returns information about the current operating environment Rounds a number down to the nearest integer Returns the intercept of the linear regression line Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows Returns TRUE if the value is blank Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A Returns TRUE if the value is any error value Returns TRUE if the number is even Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value Returns TRUE if the value is not text Returns TRUE if the value is a number Returns TRUE if the number is odd Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment Returns TRUE if the value is a reference Returns TRUE if the value is text Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters Returns the kurtosis of a data set Returns the k-th largest value in a data set Returns the least common multiple Returns the leftmost characters from a text value Returns the leftmost characters from a text value Returns the number of characters in a text string Returns the number of characters in a text string Returns the parameters of a linear trend Returns the natural logarithm of a number Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number Returns the parameters of an exponential trend Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution Looks up values in a vector or array Converts text to lowercase Looks up values in a reference or array Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the matrix determinant of an array Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 Returns the median of the given numbers Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values Converts a serial number to a minute Returns the matrix inverse of an array Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates Returns the matrix product of two arrays Returns the remainder from division Returns the most common value in a data set Converts a serial number to a month Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers Returns a value converted to a number Returns the error value #N/A Returns the negative binomial distribution Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates Returns the annual nominal interest rate Returns the normal cumulative distribution Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution Reverses the logic of its argument Returns the serial number of the current date and time Returns the number of periods for an investment Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate Converts an octal number to binary Converts an octal number to decimal Converts an octal number to hexadecimal Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period Returns a reference offset from a given reference Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string Returns the value of pi

Returns Returns Returns Returns

the the the the

periodic payment for an annuity Poisson distribution result of a number raised to a power payment on the principal for an investment for a given period

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits Multiplies its arguments Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value Returns the present value of an investment Returns the quartile of a data set Returns the integer portion of a division Converts degrees to radians Returns a random number between 0 and 1 Returns a random number between the numbers you specify Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered Replaces characters within text Replaces characters within text Repeats text a given number of times Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Returns the rightmost characters from a text value Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text Rounds a number to a specified number of digits Rounds a number down, toward zero Rounds a number up, away from zero Returns the row number of a reference Returns the number of rows in a reference Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation(Automation: A way to work with an application's objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).) Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) Converts a serial number to a second

Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula Returns the sign of a number Returns the sine of the given angle Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number Returns the skewness of a distribution Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period Returns the slope of the linear regression line Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming Returns a positive square root Returns the square root of (number * pi) Returns a normalized value Estimates standard deviation based on a sample Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression Substitutes new text for old text in a text string Returns a subtotal in a list or database Adds its arguments Adds the cells specified by a given criteria Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period Converts its arguments to text Returns the tangent of a number Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill Returns the yield for a Treasury bill Returns the Student's t-distribution Formats a number and converts it to text

Returns the serial number of a particular time Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution Returns the serial number of today's date Returns the transpose of an array Returns values along a linear trend Removes spaces from text Returns the mean of the interior of a data set Returns the logical value TRUE Truncates a number to an integer Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test Returns a number indicating the data type of a value Converts text to uppercase Converts a number to text, using currency format. Converts a text argument to a number Estimates variance based on a sample Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values Calculates variance based on the entire population Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell Converts a serial number to a day of the week Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year Returns the Weibull distribution Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic Converts a serial number to a year Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

Syntax ABS(Number) ACCRINT(issue, first_interest, settlement, rate, par, frequency, basis, calc_method) ACCRINTM(issue, settlement, rate, par, basis) ACOS(number) ACOSH(number) ADDRESS(Row_num, Column_num, Abs_num, A1, Sheet_text) AMORDEGRC(cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, basis) AMORLINC(cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, basis) AND(Logical1, Logical2, ) AREAS(reference) ASC(Text) ASIN(number) ASINH(number) ATAN (number) ATAN2(x_num, y_num) ATANH(number) AVEDEV(number1, number2, ...) AVERAGE(Number1, Number2, ) AVERAGEA(Value1, Value2, ) AVERAGEIF(range,criteria,average_range)

AVERAGEIFS(average_range,criteria_range1,criteria1,criteria_range2,criteria2) BAHTTEXT(number) BESSELI(x, n) BESSELJ(x, n) BESSELK(x, n) BESSELY(x, n) BETADIST(x, alpha, beta, A, B) BETAINV(probability, alpha, beta, A, B) BIN2DEC(number) BIN2HEX(number, places) BIN2OCT(number, places) BINOMDIST(number_s, trials, probability_s, cumulative) CALL(register_id, argument1, ...) CALL(module_text, procedure, type_text, argument1, ...) CEILING(number, significance) CELL(info_type, reference)

CHAR(Number) CHIDIST(x, degrees_freedom) CHIINV(probability, degrees_freedom) CHITEST(actual_range, expected_range) CHOOSE(index_num, value1, value2, ...) CLEAN(text) CODE(text) COLUMN(reference) COLUMNS(array) COMBIN(number, number_chosen) COMPLEX(real_num, i_num, suffix) CONCATENATE (text1, text2, ...) CONFIDENCE(alpha, standard_dev, size) CONVERT(number, from_unit, to_unit) CORREL(array1, array2) COS(Number) COSH(Number) COUNT(value1, value2, ...) COUNTA(value1, value2, ...) COUNTBLANK(range) COUNTIF(range, criteria) COUNTIFS(criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2]) COUPDAYBS(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPDAYS(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPDAYSNC(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPNCD(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPNUM(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COUPPCD(settlement, maturity, frequency, basis) COVAR(array1, array2) CRITBINOM(trials, probability_s, alpha) CUBEKPIMEMBER(connection, kpi_name, kpi_property, caption)

CUBEMEMBER(connection, member_expression, caption) CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY(connection, member_expression, property)

CUBERANKEDMEMBER(connection, set_expression, rank, caption) CUBESET(connection, set_expression, caption, sort_order, sort_by)

CUBESETCOUNT(set) CUBEVALUE(connection, member_expression1, member_expression2) CUMIPMT(rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type) CUMPRINC(rate, nper, pv, start_period, end_period, type) DATE(year, month, day) DATEDIF(start_date, end_date, unit) DATEVALUE(date_text) DAVERAGE(database, field, criteria) DAY(serial_number) DAYS360(start_date, end_date, [method]) DB(cost, salvage, life, period, month) DCOUNT(database, field, criteria) DCOUNTA(database, field, criteria) DDB(cost, salvage, life, period, factor)

DEC2BIN(Number) DEC2HEX(Number) DEC2OCT(Number) DEGREES(angle) DELTA(number1, number2) DEVSQ(number1, number2, ...) DGET(database, field, criteria) DISC(settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, basis) DMAX(database, field, criteria) DMIN(database, field, criteria) DOLLAR(number, decimals) DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar, fraction) DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar, fraction) DPRODUCT(database, field, criteria) DSTDEV(database, field, criteria)

DSTDEVP(database, field, criteria) DSUM(database, field, criteria) DURATION(settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency, basis) DVAR(database, field, criteria) DVARP(database, field, criteria) EDATE(start_date, months) EFFECT(nominal_rate, npery) EOMONTH(start_date, months) ERF(lower_limit, upper_limit) ERFC(x) ERROR.TYPE(error_val) EUROCONVERT(number, source, target, full_precision, triangulation_precision)

EVEN(Number) EXACT(text1, text2) EXP(Number) EXPONDIST(x, lambda, cumulative) FACT(Number) FACTDOUBLE(number) FALSE( ) FDIST(x, degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) FIND(find_text, within_text, start_num) FINDB(find_text, within_text, start_num) FINV(probability, degrees_freedom1, degrees_freedom2) FISHER(x) FISHERINV(y) FIXED(number, decimals, no_commas) FLOOR(number, significance) FORECAST(x, known_y's, known_x's) FREQUENCY(data_array, bins_array) FTEST(array1, array2) FV(rate, nper, pmt, pv, type) FVSCHEDULE(principal, schedule) GAMMADIST(x, alpha, beta, cumulative) GAMMAINV(probability, alpha, beta)

GAMMALN(x) GCD(number1, number2, ...) GEOMEAN(number1, number2, ...) GESTEP(number, step) GETPIVOTDATA(data_field, pivot_table, field1, item1, field2, item2, ...) GROWTH(known_y's, known_x's, new_x's, const) HARMEAN(number1, number2, ...) HEX2BIN(Number, Places) HEX2DEC(Number) HEX2OCT(Number, Places) HLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, row_index_num, range_lookup) HOUR(serial_number) HYPERLINK(link_location, friendly_name) HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s, number_sample, population_s, number_population) IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false) IFERROR(value, value_if_error) IMABS(inumber) IMAGINARY(inumber) IMARGUMENT(inumber) IMCONJUGATE(inumber) IMCOS(inumber) IMDIV(inumber1, inumber2) IMEXP(inumber) IMLN(inumber) IMLOG10(inumber) IMLOG2(inumber) IMPOWER(inumber, number) IMPRODUCT(inumber1, inumber2, ...) IMREAL(inumber) IMSIN(inumber) IMSQRT(inumber) IMSUB(inumber1, inumber2) IMSUM(inumber1, inumber2, ...) INDEX(array, row_num, column_num) INDEX(reference, row_num, column_num, area_num) INDIRECT(ref_text, a1) INFO(type_text) INT(Number) INTERCEPT(known_y's, known_x's) INTRATE(settlement, maturity, investment, redemption, basis) IPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, fv, type)

IRR(values, guess) ISBLANK(Value) ISERR(Value) ISERROR(Value) ISEVEN(Number) ISLOGICAL(Value) ISNA(Value) ISNONTEXT(Value) ISNUMBER(Value) ISODD(Number) ISPMT(rate, per, nper, pv) ISREF(Value) ISTEXT(Value) JIS(text) KURT(number1, number2, ...) LARGE(array, k) LCM(number1, number2, ...) LEFT(text, num_chars) LEFTB(text, num_bytes) LEN(text) LENB(text) LINEST(known_y's, known_x's, const, stats) LN(Number) LOG(Number, base) LOG10(Number) LOGEST(known_y's, known_x's, const, stats) LOGINV(probability, mean, standard_dev) LOGNORMDIST(x, mean, standard_dev) LOOKUP(lookup_value, lookup_vector, result_vector) LOOKUP(lookup_value, array) LOWER(text) MATCH(lookup_value, lookup_array, match_type) MAX(number1, number2, ...) MAXA(value1, value2, ...) MDETERM(array) MDURATION(settlement, maturity, coupon, yld, frequency, basis) MEDIAN(number1, number2, ...) MID(text, start_num, num_chars) MIDB(text, start_num, num_bytes) MIN(number1, number2, ...)

MINA(value1, value2, ...) MINUTE(serial_number) MINVERSE(array) MIRR(values, finance_rate, reinvest_rate) MMULT(array1, array2) MOD(number, divisor) MODE(number1, number2, ...) MONTH(serial_number) MROUND(number, multiple) MULTINOMIAL(number1, number2, ...) N(Value) NA() NEGBINOMDIST(number_f, number_s, probability_s) NETWORKDAYS(start_date, end_date, holidays) NOMINAL(effect_rate, npery) NORMDIST(x, mean, standard_dev, cumulative) NORMINV(probability, mean, standard_dev) NORMSDIST(z) NORMSINV(probability) NOT(Logical) NOW() NPER(rate, pmt, pv, fv, type) NPV(rate, value1, value2, ...) OCT2BIN(number, places) OCT2DEC(number) OCT2HEX(number, places) ODD(number) ODDFPRICE(settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, basis) ODDFYIELD(settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, basis) ODDLPRICE(settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, basis) ODDLYIELD(settlement, maturity, last_interest, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, basis) OFFSET(reference, rows, cols, height, width) OR(logical1, logical2, ...) PEARSON(array1, array2) PERCENTILE(array, k) PERCENTRANK(array, x, significance) PERMUT(number, number_chosen) PHONETIC(reference) PI()

PMT(rate, nper, pv, fv, type) POISSON(x, mean, cumulative) POWER(number, power) PPMT(rate, per, nper, pv, fv, type) PRICE(settlement, maturity, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, basis) PRICEDISC(settlement, maturity, discount, redemption, basis) PRICEMAT(settlement, maturity, issue, rate, yld, basis) PROB(x_range, prob_range, lower_limit, upper_limit) PRODUCT(number1, number2, ...) PROPER(text) PV(rate, nper, pmt, fv, type) QUARTILE(array, quart) QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator) RADIANS(angle) RAND() RANDBETWEEN(bottom, top) RANK(number, ref, order) RATE(nper, pmt, pv, fv, type, guess) RECEIVED(settlement, maturity, investment, discount, basis) REGISTER.ID(module_text, procedure, type_text) REPLACE(old_text, start_num, num_chars, new_text) REPLACEB(old_text, start_num, num_bytes, new_text) REPT(text, number_times) RIGHT(text, num_chars) RIGHTB(text, num_bytes) ROMAN(number, form) ROUND(number, num_digits) ROUNDDOWN(number, num_digits) ROUNDUP(number, num_digits) ROW(reference) ROWS(array) RSQ(known_y's, known_x's) RTD(ProgID, server, topic1, [topic2], ...)

SEARCH(find_text, within_text, start_num) SEARCHB(find_text, within_text, start_num) SECOND(serial_number)

SERIESSUM(x, n, m, coefficients) SIGN(number) SIN(number) SINH(number) SKEW(number1, number2, ...) SLN(cost, salvage, life) SLOPE(known_y's, known_x's) SMALL(array, k) SQL.REQUEST(connection_string, output_ref, driver_prompt, query_text, col_names_logical)

SQRT(number) SQRTPI(number) STANDARDIZE(x, mean, standard_dev) STDEV(number1, number2, ...) STDEVA(value1, value2, ...) STDEVP(number1, number2, ...) STDEVPA(value1, value2, ...) STEYX(known_y's, known_x's) SUBSTITUTE(text, old_text, new_text, instance_num) SUBTOTAL(function_num, ref1, ref2, ...) SUM(number1, number2, ...) SUMIF(range, criteria, sum_range) SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ) SUMPRODUCT(array1, array2, array3, ...) SUMSQ(number1, number2, ...) SUMX2MY2(array_x, array_y) SUMX2PY2(array_x, array_y) SUMXMY2(array_x, array_y) SYD(cost, salvage, life, per) T(value) TAN(number) TANH(number) TBILLEQ(settlement, maturity, discount) TBILLPRICE(settlement, maturity, discount) TBILLYIELD(settlement, maturity, pr) TDIST(x, degrees_freedom, tails) TEXT(value, format_text)

TIME(hour, minute, second) TIMEVALUE(time_text) TINV(probability, degrees_freedom) TODAY( ) TRANSPOSE(array) TREND(known_y's, known_x's, new_x's, const) TRIM(text) TRIMMEAN(array, percent) TRUE( ) TRUNC(number, num_digits) TTEST(array1, array2, tails, type) TYPE(value) UPPER(text) USDOLLAR(Number, decimals) VALUE(text) VAR(number1, number2, ...) VARA(value1, value2, ...) VARP(number1, number2, ...) VARPA(value1, value2, ...) VDB(cost, salvage, life, start_period, end_period, factor, no_switch) VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, range_lookup) WEEKDAY(serial_number, return_type) WEEKNUM(serial_num, return_type) WEIBULL(x, alpha, beta, cumulative) WORKDAY(start_date, days, holidays) XIRR(values, dates, guess) XNPV(rate, values, dates) YEAR(serial_number) YEARFRAC(start_date, end_date, basis) YIELD(settlement, maturity, rate, pr, redemption, frequency, basis) YIELDDISC(settlement, maturity, pr, redemption, basis) YIELDMAT(settlement, maturity, issue, rate, pr, basis) ZTEST(array, x, sigma)