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THE STUDENTS ABILITY IN ARRANGING

CONVERSATION BASED ON THE CONTEXT OF


SITUATION OFFERED BY TEACHER TO THE EIGHTH
GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP NEGERI 3 PLUMPANG

SKRIPSI

By:
ANITA DWI RAHMA WIDIANA
NPM: 1106070169

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION


ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM

ii

UNIVERSITY OF PGRI RONGGOLAWE (UNIROW)


TUBAN
2011

THE STUDENTS ABILITY IN ARRANGING


CONVERSATION BASED ON THE CONTEXT OF
SITUATION OFFERED BY TEACHER TO THE EIGHTH
GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP NEGERI 3 PLUMPANG

SKRIPSI

Submitted in partial fulfillmentof,


The requirement for the graduate degree of,
Sarjana Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris,
The Faculty of Teacher Training Education
Universitas PGRI Ronggolawe( UNUROW) Tuban

By:
ANITA DWI RAHMA WIDIANA
NPM: 1106070004

FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION


ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM

iii

UNIVERSITY OF PGRI RONGGOLAWE (UNIROW)


TUBAN
2011

iv

This is to certify that the Skripsi of ANITA DWI RAHMA WIDIANA entitle
THE STUDENTS ABILITY IN ARRANGING CONVERSATION BASED
ON THE CONTEXT OF SITUATION OFFERED BY TEACHER TO THE
EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP NEGERI 3 PLUMPANG has been
approved by the Skripsi advisor and it is awaiting further approval by the
examining committee.

Tuban ..2011
Acknowledgment/Approved by
Advisor,

Prof. Dr. Agus Wardhono, M.Pd.

Committee of English Education Study Program,


Faculty of Teacher Training and Education
UNIVERSITY OF PGRI ONGOLAWE TUBAN
On..Date
Tuban,. 2011

Chairwomen

Secretary

Dra. Cristina, ITP, M.P.d

Drs. Budi Susatyo, M.Pd

Members,

Drs. Mansur

Drs. BUDI SUSATYO, M.Pd


Acknowledged by:
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,
Dean,

Prof. Dr. Agus Wardhono, M.Pd.

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MOTTO

Risk more than others think is safe


Care more than others think is wise
Dream more than others think is practical
Expect more than others think is possible

DEDICATION
This handwork is dedicated to:
My beloved father and mother
My beloved lectures
My beloved brother
My beloved boyfriend
My beloved friends
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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First of all, the writer would like to thank Allah SWT, who always gives her
the power in doing this skripsi from beginning up to end, because only Allah who
always gives her strength and mercy in her life. She also does much prayer for the last
prophet Muhammad SAW that has brought us to the way of truth in our life.
Finishing this skripsi is not easy, the writer needs much effort and thinking
so, the skripsi that is done; will finish on time and give advantages to mny people.
She considered that there is nothing perfect in the world, includes this skripsi. But
she hopes that this skripsi will be useful and give new knowledge for the people who
read it.
In doing this skripsi, there are many people that are meritorious so that the
writer can finish her skripsi well. The writer would like to express her earnest
gratitude to Prof. Dr. Agus Wardhono, M.Pd the advisor, for his valuable
encouragement, suggestion, and correction in this accomplishment of this work. Then
gratefulness is also conveyed to the headmaster of SMP Negeri 3 Plumpang, and the
English teacher who have helped the writer in doing the researcher and getting the
data.
Finally, the writer would like to express her thanks to all lectures, her
friendship and all her friends in B class at English Education Study Program
UNIROW Tuban for their help doing her study.

Tuban, July 2011

The writer

ABSTRACT

viii

Dwi

Rahma,

Anita:

THE

STUDENTS

ABILITY

IN

ARRANGING

CONVERSATION BASED ON THE CONTEXT OF


SITUATION OFFERED BY TEACHER TO THE
EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS AT SMP NEGERI 3
PLUMPANG
Advisor

Prof. Dr. Agus Wardhono, M.Pd

Key Words

Writing ability, Conversation, Expression Opinion.

In English there are four language skills that must be mastered by the learners,
if they want to acquire English language well. They are listening, speaking, reading,
and writing. Writing is one of the four language skills is considered difficulty by the
students. Therefore, the teacher has to find a way of teaching that makes the students
interested and guides them to express their idea in writing. This research is aim to
know the students ability in writing and to find out the students difficulty in
arranging conversation based on the context of situation offered by teacher.
The subject of the study in this research is the eight years students of SMP
Negeri 3 Plumpang. From the population the total number of the sample is 42
students. Writing test and questionnaire are instruments of this research.
Questionnaire is to know what the students like and opinion in arranging
conversation based on the context of situation offered by teacher. Writing test is used
to know the students ability in arranging conversation based on the context of
situation offered by teacher, and to find out the students difficulties.
Based on the students score, it is acquired the mean of the total score is 77.
So, it can be concluded that the students ability is good. The result of the error
analysis shows that the students difficulties in writing are grammar, vocabulary, and
punctuation. From the questionnaire, it is known that the students are.
TABLE OF CONTENT

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CONTENT

PAGE

COVER PAGE ..........................................................................................................


APPROVAL SHEET ................................................................................................
ACCEPTANCE SHEET ...........................................................................................
MOTTO AND DEDICATION .................................................................................
ACKNOWLEDGMENT ...........................................................................................
ABSTRACT ..............................................................................................................
TABLE OF CONTENT ............................................................................................
CHAPTER I : INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study ...........................................................
1.2 Identification of the Problem ....................................................
1.3 Statement of the Problem ..........................................................
1.4 Objective of the Study ...............................................................
1.5 Significance of the Study ..........................................................
1.6 Limitation of the Study .............................................................
1.7 Definition of Key Terms ...........................................................
CHAPTER II : REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 The Nature of Writing ...............................................................
2.1.1 Definition of Writing ........................................................
2.1.2 Writing Skill .....................................................................
2.1.3 Teaching Writing .............................................................
2.1.4 Type of Classroom Writing Performance ........................
2.2 The Component of Writing .......................................................
2.3 Step of Writing ..........................................................................
2.4 Factor that Influence in Teaching Writing ................................
2.4.1 Internal Factors .................................................................
2.4.2 External Factors ...............................................................
2.5 The Nature of Conversation ......................................................
2.5.1 Conversation Theory ........................................................

2.5.2 Conversation Analysis .....................................................


2.5.3 The Students of Conversation ..........................................
2.6 Expression Opinion ...................................................................
2.7 Teaching learning process in arranging conversation ...............
CHAPTER III : RESEARCH DESIGN
3.1 Research Design ........................................................................
3.2 Subject of the Study ..................................................................
3.3 Instrument of the Study .............................................................
3.3.1 Test ...................................................................................
3.3.2 Questionnaires ..................................................................
3.4 Procedure of Data Collection ....................................................
3.5 Data Analysis ............................................................................
CHAPTER IV : RESEARCH FINDING AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Research Finding .......................................................................
4.1.1 Analysis and Interpretation of Data .................................
4.1.1.1 Analysis and Interpretation of Data Test ..............
4.1.1.2 Analysis and Interpretation of Data
Questionnaires ......................................................
4.2 The Discussion of the Research Findings to
Answer Statement of the Problem ............................................
CHAPTER V : CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
5.1 Conclusion .................................................................................
5.2 Suggestion .................................................................................
BIBLIOGRAPHY .....................................................................................................
APPENDIXES ..........................................................................................................