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NEMA

Define various NEMA enclosure types. The purpose of this document is to provide general information on the definitions of NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) Enclosure Types to architects, engineers, installers, inspectors and other interested parties. [For more detailed and complete information, NEMA Standards Publication 250-1997, "Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts Maximum)" should be consulted. This Standards Publication as well as all other NEMA publications are available from IHS @ 800 8547179.] Definitions In Non-Hazardous Locations, the specific enclosure Types, their applications, and the environmental conditions they are designed to protect against, when completely and properly installed, are as follows: Type 1 - Enclosures constructed for indoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel
(1)

against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment and to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt. Type 2 - Enclosures constructed for indoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment, to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt, and to provide a degree of protection against dripping and light splashing of liquids. Type 3 - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt, rain, sleet, snow, and windblown dust; and that will be undamaged by the external formation of ice on the enclosure. Type 3R - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt, rain, sleet, and snow; and that will be undamaged by the external formation of ice on the enclosure.

Type 3S - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt, rain, sleet, snow, and windblown dust; and in which the external mechanism(s) remain operable when ice laden. Type 4 - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt, rain, sleet, snow, windblown dust, splashing water, and hosedirected water; and that will be undamaged by the external formation of ice on the enclosure. Type 4X - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt, rain, sleet, snow, windblown dust, splashing water, hose-directed water, and corrosion; and that will be

undamaged by the external formation of ice on the enclosure. Type 5 - Enclosures constructed for indoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt; against settling airborne dust, lint, fibers, and flyings; and to provide a degree of protection against dripping and light splashing of liquids. Type 6 - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt; against hosedirected water and the entry of water during occasional temporary submersion at a limited depth; and that will be undamaged by the external formation of ice on the enclosure. Type 6P - Enclosures constructed for either indoor or outdoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree

of protection against falling dirt; against hosedirected water and the entry of water during prolonged submersion at a limited depth; and that will be undamaged by the external formation of ice on the enclosure. Type 12 - Enclosures constructed (without knockouts) for indoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt; against circulating dust, lint, fibers, and flyings; and against dripping and light splashing of liquids. Type 12K - Enclosures constructed (with knockouts) for indoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection against falling dirt; against circulating dust, lint, fibers, and flyings; and against dripping and light splashing of liquids. Type 13 - Enclosures constructed for indoor use to provide a degree of protection to personnel against incidental contact with the enclosed equipment; to provide a degree of protection

against falling dirt; against circulating dust, lint, fibers, and flyings; and against the spraying, splashing, and seepage of water, oil, and noncorrosive coolants.

(2) Summarize NEMA enclosure type 4 hazardous and non-hazardous locations.

(3) Describe IP (Ingress protection) classification course. An IP number is used to specify the environmental protection of enclosures around electronic equipment. These ratings are determined by specific tests. The IP number is composed of two numbers, the first referring to the protection against solid objects and the second against liquids. The higher the number the better the protection.

1. Degrees of Protection - First Digit The first digit of the IP code indicates the degree that persons are protected against contact with moving parts (other than smooth rotating shafts, etc.) and the degree that equipment is protected against solid foreign bodies intruding into an enclosure. 0 No special protection 1 Protection from a large part of the body such as a hand (but no protection from deliberate from solid objects greater than 50mm in diameter 2 Protection against fingers or other objects not greater than 80mm in length and 12mm in diameter 3 Protection from entry by tools, wires, etc., with a diameter or thickness greater than 2.5mm 4 Protection from entry by solid objects with a diameter or thickness greater than 1.0mm 5 Protection from the amount of dust that would interfere with the operation of the

equipment 6 Dust-tight 2. Degrees of Protection - Second Digit Second digit indicates the degree of protection of the equipment inside the enclosure against the harmful entry of various forms of moisture (e.g. dripping, spraying, submersion, etc.). 0 No special protection 1 Protection from dripping water 2 Protection from vertically dripping water 3 Protection from sprayed water 4 Protection from splashed water 5 Protected against low-pressure jets from all directions - limited ingress permitted 6 Protected against direct sprays from all directions - limited ingress permitted 7 Protection against effects of immersion from 15cm to 1m 8 Protection against complete, continuous submersion in water from 15 meters or 50 feet

IP Code Symbols The chart below illustrates the use of special symbols in the IP classification system. In the "1st digit" columns, note the grid-like symbols next to numbers 5 and 6. In the "2nd digit" columns numbers 3-8 are symbolized by teardrop shaped symbols, sometimes enclosed in a box or a triangle, sometimes unenclosed (7-8). Example:

1st Digit Protection from solid objects 2nd Digit Protection from solid objects

UL
1.What do you mean by UL standards? Ans. UL means Underwriters Laboratories. UL 1:These requirements cover flexible aluminum and steel conduit designed for use as metal raceway for wires and cables in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70. UL 6a:These requirements cover aluminum (ERMC-A) and stainless steel (ERMC-SS) electrical rigid metal conduit, nipples, elbows, and couplings in 12 - 155 (3/8 - 6) trade sizes for use as metal raceway for the installation of wires and cables in accordance with CSA C22.1, Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1, NOM-001-

SEDE, Standard for Electrical Installations, and NFPA 70, It is the users responsibility to determine the appropriate product for the application. These requirements also cover red brass (ERMCRB) electrical rigid metal conduit, nipples, elbows, and couplings in 16 (1/2) trade size for use as metal raceway for the installation of wires and cables in direct burial and swimming pool applications in accordance with the applicable national electrical installation codes. UL 13: These requirements cover 60 - 250C (140 - 482F) single- and multiple-conductor powerlimited circuit cables for use as fixed wiring within buildings (some are also marked for direct burial) principally for Class 3 and Class 2 circuits as described in Article 725 and other applicable parts of the National Electrical Code (NEC). Cables covered by these requirements are: a) Types CL3P and CL2P (plenum cables), b) Types CL3R and CL2R (riser cables), c) Types CL3 and CL2 (commercial cables for other than plenum, riser, or tray uses), d) Types CL3X and CL2X (cables for limited use), and

e) Type PLTC (cable for non-plenum and nonriser Class 3 and Class 2 circuits in general and in trays). UL 20: The requirements of this Standard apply to manually operated, general-use snap switches for connection to copper (Cu) or copper-clad conductors used in accordance with the National Electrical Code(NEC), ANSI/NFPA 70, or the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC), and intended for connection to wiring systems recognized by the NEC or the CEC. In Canada, requirements for switches for connection to aluminum (Al) conductors used in accordance with the CEC, and intended for connection to wiring systems recognized by the CEC. This Standard applies to ac/dc rated switches for which the load ratings do not exceed 60 A at 250 V or less, 30 A at 251 V - 600 V, and 2 hp at 125 V - 600 V or less. This Standard also covers aconly rated switches for which the load ratings do not exceed 30 A at 347 Vac or less. This Standard applies to switches constructed to be installed readily in a flush device box or on an outlet-box cover and intended for connection to branch-circuit wiring.

This Standard applies to pendant and throughcord switches intended for field installation on flexible cord and provided with one "on" and one "off" position. This Standard applies to switches intended for surface mounting and provided with a separable base and cover for connection to exposed wiring consisting of nonmetallic sheathed cable or open wiring on insulators (knob and tube). This Standard applies to self-contained switches intended for flush mounting without a separate outlet box and for connection to branch-circuit wiring consisting of one or more non-metallic sheathed cables containing copper conductors. This Standard applies to ac/dc fixture switches intended to be installed in fixtures to control incandescent lighting or fans for connection to branch-circuit wiring. This Standard also applies to single-pole, momentary-contact door switches constructed to be installed readily in a special-purpose device box or on an outlet-box cover for connection to branch-circuit wiring. This Standard does not apply to:

a) Clock operated switches specified in the Standard for Clock-Operated Switches, UL 917, and CSA Standard C22.2 No. 177; b) Dimmer switches specified in the Standard for Solid-State Dimming Controls, UL 1472, and CSA Standard C22.2 No. 184.1; c) Industrial control equipment specified in the Standard for Industrial Control Equipment, UL 508, and CSA Standard C22.2 No. 14; d) Solid-state, single-phase motor speed controls specified in the Standard for Solid-State Fan Speed Controls, UL 1917, and CSA Standard C22.2 No. 156; e) Special-use and ac-only fixture switches specified in the Standard for Special-Use Switches, UL 1054, and CSA Standard C22.2 No. 55; and f) Switches for use in hazardous locations specified in the Standard for Switches for Use in Hazardous (Classified) Locations, UL 894, and CSA Standard C22.2 No. 159. For switches intended for connection to branchcircuit wiring containing aluminum conductors, refer to the Standard for Receptacles and

Switches Intended for Use with Aluminum Wire, UL 1567. UL 25: These requirements cover positive displacement liquid meters for: a) Flammable and combustible liquids of the type and size commonly used in the assembly of motor fuel dispensing devices and b) Liquefied petroleum gas (LP-Gas) of the type and size commonly used in the assembly of motor fuel dispensing devices and tank trucks. UL 33: These requirements cover heat responsive links used for fire-protection service. These links consist of devices intended for installation under load conditions such as for use with automatic fire suppression systems; or automatic closure devices for doors, windows, dampers or smoke relief vents. UL 48: These requirements cover electric signs, referred to as signs, using incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, HID lamps, neon tubing and other combinations, for use in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70. UL 58: STANDARD FOR SAFETY FOR STEEL UNDERGROUND TANKS FOR FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS

Scope These requirements cover horizontal atmospheric-type steel tanks intended for the storage underground of flammable and combustible liquids. These requirements cover single wall tanks, secondary containment tanks, multiple compartment single wall and multiple compartment secondary containment tanks. These tanks are intended for installation and use in accordance with the Standard for the Installation of Oil-Burning Equipment, NFPA 31, the Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, NFPA 30, the Automotive and Marine Service Station Code, NFPA 30A, and the Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines, NFPA 37, and the Uniform Fire Code, published by the International Fire Code Institute. Tanks covered by these requirements are cylindrical tanks that are fabricated, inspected, and tested for leakage before shipment from the factory as completely assembled vessels. These requirements do not apply to tanks covered by the Standard for Welded Steel Tanks

for Oil Storage, API 650, nor tanks intended for use in chemical and petrochemical plants. This Standard does not cover corrosion protection which may be required by local, state or federal authorities. Corrosion protection systems installed at the factory on carbon steel underground storage tanks are covered in UL 1746, External Corrosion Protection System for Steel Underground Storage Tanks. A product that contains features, characteristics, components, materials, or systems new or different from those in use when the Standard was developed, and that involves a risk of fire, electric shock, or injury to persons, shall be evaluated using the appropriate additional component and end-product requirements as determined necessary to maintain the level of safety for the user of the product as originally anticipated by the intent of this Standard. UL 65: These requirements cover wired cabinets for use in accordance with the National Electrical Code. These requirements cover display cases and special-purpose cabinets containing electrical wiring, with or without illumination.

These requirements also cover wired cabinets of such size that they must be sectionalized for shipping from the factory, and assembled and wired at the installation site. These requirements do not cover bathroom cabinets, cabinets provided with or designed for use with refrigeration equipment, or general use cabinets or boxes intended for the enclosure of electrical equipment. UL 67: These requirements cover panel boards to be employed in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70. These requirements cover panel boards for the control and protection of electric lighting and appliance branch circuits, and power circuits, including feeder distribution panel boards. They also cover units specifically designed for panel board assembly. These requirements do not cover: a) Distribution equipment which sole function is the automatic or nonautomatic transferring of one or more load conductor connections from one power source to another. Reference the Standard for Transfer Switch Equipment, UL 1008.

b) Factory wired assemblies of industrial control equipment intended to control industrial processes. Reference the Standard for Industrial Control Panels, UL 508A. c) Distribution equipment containing only one circuit subdivision, unless also provided with a meter socket. See 5.5.1. Reference the Standard for Molded-Case Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case Switches and Circuit-Breaker Enclosures, UL 489. d) Distribution equipment intended to serve as a means for distributing power required to operate mobile or temporarily installed equipment. Reference the Standard for Power Outlets, UL 231. e) Factory wired assemblies of controllers, timers, temperature regulating equipment and such, intended for control of equipment for use with swimming pools, hot tubs, and/or spas. Reference the Standard for Electric Spas, Equipment Assemblies, and Associated Equipment, UL 1563. f) Factory wired assemblies intended for the control of Architectural and Floating Fountains. Reference the Standards for Motor-Operated

Water Pumps, UL 778, Underwater Luminaires and Submersible Junction Boxes, UL 676 and Industrial Control Panels, UL 508A. g) Portable power distribution equipment. Reference the Standard for Portable PowerDistribution Equipment, UL 1640 UL 80: These requirements cover steel primary, steel secondary, and steel diked type atmospheric storage tanks from 60 to 660 gallons (227 to 2500 L) intended primarily for the storage and supply of heating fuels for oil burning equipment, or alternately for the storage of diesel fuels for compression ignition engines and motor oils (new and used) for automotive service stations, in aboveground applications. UL 96A: These requirements cover the installation of lightning protection systems on all types of structures other than structures used for the production, handling, or storage of ammunition, explosives, flammable liquids or gases, and

other explosive ingredients including dust. These requirements apply to lightning protection systems that are complete and cover all parts of a structure. Partial systems are not covered by this standard. This standard does not cover lightning protection for: a) Electric transmission lines or open air distribution racks, b) Outdoor substations or switch yards, and c) Electric generators unenclosed by a building other enclosed structure. UL 132: These requirements cover pressure and safety relief valves and hydrostatic relief valves for anhydrous ammonia and liquefied petroleum gas (LP-Gas) for use on containers built in accordance with ASME Pressure Vessel Code, in

nonrefrigerated systems in facilities covered by the following standards: a) Safety Requirements for the Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia, (ANSI K61.1), ANSI/CGA G2.1. b) Liquefied Petroleum Gas Code, NFPA 58. c) Utility LP-Gas Plant Code, NFPA 59.

SPECIAL TYPE UL 61010b-2-032: Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use. Scope: Replace the text by the following: This International Standard applies to hand-held and hand-manipulated CURRENT CLAMPS. These CURRENT CLAMPS are for use in the measurement of current without

interruption of the current path of the circuit in which it is measured. They may be stand-alone CURRENT CLAMPS which are themselves within the scope of part 1, or accessories to other equipment within the scope of part 1.This standard does not apply to current transformers or current transducers intended for fixed installations. Environmental conditions: Replace the seventh dash by the following:primary input circuits with transient overvoltages according to INSTALLATION CATEGORIES (OVERVOLTAGE CATEGORIES) I, II, III and IV. UL 61010b-1:Electrical Measuring and Test Equipment This International Standard specifies general safety requirements for electrical equipment intended for professional, industrial process, and educational use, including

equipment and computing devices for: measurement and test; control; laboratory use; accessories intended for use with the above (e.g. sample handling equipment). This Part 1 of the standard applies to the equipment defined in a) to c) below, when used under the environmental condition. a) Electrical measurement and test equipment. This is equipment which by electrical means measures, indicates or records one or more electrical or non-electrical quantities, also non-measuring equipment such as signal generators, measurement standards, power supplies, transducers, transmitters, etc. NOTE - All indicating and recording electrical

measuring instruments (except those excluded in 1.1.2) fall within the scope of this standard unless they are panel meters designed only for building-in to other equipment. Builtin panel meters are considered as components and only need to meet the relevant requirements of IEC 1010, or other standards, as part of the equipment into which they are built. b) Electrical control equipment. This is equipment which controls one or more output quantities to specific values, with each value determined by manual setting, by local or remote programming, or by one or more input variables. c) Electrical laboratory equipment. This is equipment which measures, indicates, monitors or analyses substances, or is used to prepare materials. This equipment may also

be used in areas other than laboratories.

UL 61010c-1: Process Control Equipment This International Standard specifies general safety requirements for electrical equipment intended for professional, industrial process, and educational use, including equipment and computing devices for: measurement and test; control; laboratory use; accessories intended for use with the above (e.g. sample handling equipment).

This Part of the standard applies to the equipment defined in a) to c) below, when used under the environmental conditions. a) Electrical measurement and test equipmentThis is equipment which by electrical means measures, indicates or records one or more electrical or non-electrical quantities, also non-measuring equipment such as signal generators, measurement standards, power supplies, transducers, transmitters, etc.NOTE - All indicating and recording electrical measuring instruments fall within the scope of this standard unless they are panel meters designed only for building-in to other equipment. Built-in panel meters are considered as components and only need to meet the relevant requirements of IEC 1010, or other standards, as part

of the equipment into which they are built. b) Electrical control equipmentThis is equipment which controls one or more output quantities to specific values, with each value determined by manual setting, by local or remote programming, or by one or more input variables. c) Electrical laboratory equipmentThis is equipment which measures, indicates, monitors or analyses substances, or is used to prepare materials.This equipment may also be used in areas other than laboratories UL 61010-1: Electrical Equipment For Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use; This part of IEC 61010 specifies general safety requirements for electrical equipment intended for professional, industrial process, and educational use, any of which may

incorporate computing devices, as defined in a) to d) below, when used under the environmental conditions. a) Electrical test and measurement equipmentThis is equipment which by electrical means tests, measures, indicates or records one or more electrical or non-electrical quantities, also non-measuring equipment such as signal generators, measurement standards, power supplies, transducers, transmitters, etc.NOTE All indicating and recording electrical measuring instrument fall within the scope of IEC 61010 unless they are panel meters designed only for building-in to other equipment. Built-in panel meters are considered to be components and only need to meet the relevant requirements of IEC 61010, or other standards, as part of the equipment into which they are built.

b) Electrical control equipmentThis is equipment which controls one or more output quantities to specific values, with each value determined by manual setting, by local or remote programming, or by one or more input variables. c) Electrical laboratory equipmentThis is equipment which measures, indicates, monitors or analyses substances, or is used to prepare materials, and includes in vitro diagnostic (IVD) equipmentThis equipment may also be used in areas other than laboratories, for example self-test IVD equipment may be used in the home. d) Accessories intended for use with the above (for example, sample handling equipment). UL-61010a-1:Electrical Equipment For Laboratory Use This International Standard specifies general safety requirements for

electrical equipment intended for professional, industrial process, and educational use, including equipment and computing devices for: measurement and test; control; laboratory use; accessories intended for use with the above (e.g. sample handling equipment). This Part 1 of the standard applies to the equipment defined in a) to c) below, when used under the environmental conditions. a) Electrical measurement and test equipmentThis is equipment which by electrical means measures, indicates or records one or more electrical or non-electrical quantities, also non-measuring equipment such as signal

generators, measurement standards, power supplies, transducers, transmitters, etc.NOTE - All indicating and recording electrical measuring instrumet fall within the scope of this standard unless they are panel meters designed only for building-in to other equipment. Builtin panel meters are considered as components and only need to meet the relevant requirements of IEC 1010, or other standards, as part of the equipment into which they are built. b) Electrical control equipmentThis is equipment which controls one or more output quantities to specific values, with each value determined by manual setting, by local or remote programming, or by one or more input variables. c) Electrical laboratory equipmentThis is equipment which measures, indicates, monitors or

analyses substances, or is used to prepare materials.This equipment may also be used in areas other than laboratories.

FM
What do you mean by FM (Factory Mutual) Standards & Define the following. FM 1110 : This standard sets performance requirements for indicator posts. Indicator posts are controls, extending above ground or through building walls, for operating gate valves used in fire protection systems. An important feature of their design is a target indicator, visible through an opening in the post, which is provided to show whether the valve is open or shut. FM 1221 : This standard sets performance requirements for backflow preventers which can be used in

connections between public water supplies and fire protection systems to prevent reverse flow. Local health authorities usually recommend these devices to prevent contaminated water from entering public water supplies. FM 1321 : This standard encompasses the design and performance requirements for controllers for electric motor driven and diesel engine driven fire pumps used in fire pump service that are designed and installed in accordance with the applicable documents and the FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets. The intended operation of a fire pump controller is to initiate and sustain the operation of the fire pump driver in the event of a fire. In addition, controllers are tested under specified overload and fault conditions. To this extent the fire

pump controller is unique when compared to other industrial motor controllers, and system reliability is improved by provisions for self testing and annunciation of conditions that could result in fire protection impairment. FM 1333 : This standard encompasses the design and performance requirements for diesel engines used in fire pump service that are designed and installed in accordance with FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets. This Standard does not address National or Local Codes which require specific emission levels to be met by stationary diesel engine installations. FM 1635 : This standard encompasses the design and performance requirements for plastic pipe and

fittings in light hazard occupancies for use in automatic wet sprinkler fire protection systems. Approval standards are intended to verify that the product described will meet stated conditions of performance, safety, and quality useful to the ends of property conservation. FM 2000 : This standard states FM Approvals criteria for automatic control mode sprinklers for fire protection service. FM Approvals criteria may include, but are not limited to, performance requirements, marking requirements, examination of manufacturing facility (ies), audit of quality assurance procedures, and a follow-up program. FM 2008 : These automatic sprinklers are intended for use in certain occupancies in which fire suppression is possible. They are not suitable for use in

occupancies where fire cannot be suppressed by water (e.g., low flash point flammable liquids, oxidizing chemicals, etc.). Refer to the FM Global Property Loss Prevention Data Sheets for more specific information. FM 3260 : This standard sets performance requirements for radiant energy-sensing fire detectors for the protection of occupants, building space, structure, area, or object.FM Approval Standards are intended to verify that the product described will meet stated conditions of Performance, safety and quality that are useful to the ends of property conservation. FM 3600 : This standard shall apply to: Electrical equipment or parts of electrical equipment rated for use in Hazardous (Classified) Locations as

defined by the National Electrical Code (NEC), ANSI/NFPA 70; Associated equipment located outside of the Class I, II or III location whose design and construction may influence those parts of the equipment within the classified location. FM 3610 : This standard provides requirements for the construction and testing of electrical apparatus, or parts of such apparatus, whose circuits are incapable of causing ignition in: Classes I, II & III, Division 1 hazardous (classified) locations as defined in Article 500 of the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPA-70 (NEC). FM 3611 : This standard sets performance requirements for the construction and testing of electrical apparatus, or parts of such apparatus, for use in Class I and

II, Division 2, and Class III, Divisions 1 and 2 hazardous (classified) locations. Electrical equipment intended for use in Class I and II, Division 2, and Class III, Divisions 1 and 2 hazardous (classified) locations is apparatus in which any spark or thermal effect, produced under normal conditions, is incapable of causing ignition of a specified mixture of flammable or combustible material in air. FM 3615 :

This standard contains the basic requirements for the construction and testing of explosion proof electrical equipment. This standard is intended to be used in conjunction with Approval Standard 3600 which includes the

general requirements that apply to all types of hazardous (classified) location protection methods. FM 3620 : This standard is intended to be used in conjunction with Class 3600 FM Approval Standard which includes the general requirements that apply to all types of protection for electrical equipment for use in hazardous (classified) locations. FM 3810 : This standard applies to electrical, electronic, or electromechanical equipment designed: to measure or observe, and indicate quantities of electrical or electronic phenomena, or to supply electrical or electronic quantities for measuring or indicating

purposes, or to measure or control, directly or indirectly, an industrial process, or to measure or indicate electrical analogs of non-electrical phenomena, or to measure, indicate, monitor, analyze substances or prepare materials, i.e., Laboratory Equipment. FM 3990 : This standard also applies to any component intended for use as a protective device and that is normally provided as part of the transformer assembly. Use of components previously Approved as individual protective devices shall not automatically result in an Approved transformer assembly. FM 6051 : The requirements of this standard are intended as guidelines reflecting current

FM Approval tests and practices. Containers, which do not precisely conform to these requirements may be Approved if they meet the intent of this standard. Similarly, items that do conform to these requirements may not be Approved if they do not meet the intent of these requirements or if other conditions govern. FM 6310 : This standard is concerned with the details of construction, performance and testing of portable, mobile and stationary electrical instruments that sense the presence of combustible gas or vapour concentrations in air. Based on associated requirements specified in Section 3, this standard considers the suitability of the instruments or parts

thereof for use in Class I, hazardous (classified) locations as defined by the National Electrical Code (ANSI/NFPA 70).

Tender Specification for Power Plant (Diesel)


Switchgear and Control System for the Electrical Equipment of a Diesel Power Station 8 x 6500 kVA, 11 kV, 50 Hz

Drawings and Documentation

Drawings and documentation will be issued to the above mentioned standards. 3-fold in DIN A4 size, English language. Drawings will be generated with our engineering system CAE 33. Preparation of documents used in Electric Technology Part 2: Function-oriented diagrams acc. to DIN/EN 61082-1-3 (IEC 1082-1-3) Diagrams, charts, tables: Item designation acc. to DIN 40 719-2 (IEC 750). Graphical symbols of diagrams acc. to DIN 40 900-1.....12

(IEC 617-1.....12).

Normal colour codes of the wiring as follows: Black - the 3 phases and normal control wiring and secondary winding of p.t.'s Light Blue - neutral Yellow / Green - earthing Red - DCwiring 24 V+ Blue - DCwiring 24 V Brown - DCwiring 110 V+ Violet - DCwiring 110 V-

Grey - secondary wiring of c.t.'s White - wiring for potential free contacts.

The Common Control Panel consisting of: 1 Control and Monitoring Unit interface "CMC1" with 10.4" colour graphic display 1 Secondary, freely programmable logic control system (PLC) for the common control specific features Interconnecting Remote Modules "IRM-1" for the common

auxiliaries Depending on the configuration, the following modes of operation (see also page 3) and functions are available: Standby operation (gen.-sets are started only in case of mains failure) Prime power operation (permanent operation without connection to the mains) Mains parallel operation Mains parallel operation with automatic standby operation Black Start function Load management Interfaces for data transfer with: the Control and Monitoring units for Gen-Set type "CMG-2", mounted in alternator control panels (CAN-Bus) the offered Power Station Scada

System PSS (Ethernet) an external diagnostic device (notebook) (RS 232) 1 System earth fault relay 59 N 1 Mimic diagram with semaphore indicator for position of c.b. and earthing switch For manual synchronization: 1 Synchronizing bracket containing: 1 Double voltmeter 1 Double frequency meter 1 Synchronoscope 1 Synchronizing selector switch 1 Synchronizing check relay

The Local Data Board additionally consists of:

1 Programmable logic controller PLC, make SEG PLC with the following functions: Start preparation with enginespecific start-up program Control and supervision of the engine and its auxiliary drives Data collection of the analogue and digital signals of the actors and sensors of the engine Data transfer Shut-down of Diesel engine PLC consisting of: Compact housing with modules of required quantity Power supply Central controller (CPU) Digital input channels acc. to the engine manufacturers monitoring list Digital output channels

Analogue input channels acc. to the engine manufacturers monitoring list and incl. internal fault signal processing Interfaces for data transfer with: the Control and Monitoring unit for Gen-Set type "CMG-2", mounted in alternator control panel the Interconnection Remote Module for switchboard type "IRM-2", mounted in alternator control panel an external diagnostic device (notebook) (RS 232) 1 Rotation flashlight orange on the top of the switchboard 1 Set of miniature circuit breakers for measuring and control circuits

Installation on mounting plate of: Engine electronic speed governor (issued free of charge by the engine supplier Alternator voltage regulator (outside dimensions max. 320 x 550 mm)

Power Station Scada System "PSS" The central communication interface of the power station consists of: 1 Personal computer with Pentium processor with appropriate performance and memory capacity 1 Colour graphic monitor, 19" with high resolution 1 DIN A4 colour inkjet printer for event and graphic printout 1 Ethernet network with Ethernet cards for insertion into the vacant slots of the "CMG-2" and "CMC-1" processors Operating system Windows 95/98 Graphics software "InTouch" by

Wonderware 1 DIN A4 colour inkjet printer for event and graphic printout 1 UPS 1000 VA for 6 minutes 1 Modem for data transfer

The PSS includes the following features: Main menu with the layout of the power station and its most important components shown as a process picture Fading of significant events into the relevant station components Selection of the individual engine control systems "CMG-2" or the Control and Monitoring Unit interface "CMC1" of the Power Station Management System

Transmission of control and switching commands to the respective systems (with password protection) Long-term storage of the data and events stored in the individual subsystems "CMG-2" and "CMC1"

Tender Specificati on for

Pharma Industry
1 . Produ ct and Packa ge Specif icatio ns 1 . 1 The Goods to be purchased by the Purchaser under this Invitation for Bids are included in the Purchasers current national essential drugs list or national formulary. The required packing standards and label must meet the latest requirements of the World Health

Organization (WHO) good manufacturing practices (GMP) standards in all respects. (These standards contained in Good Practices in the Manufacture and Quality Control of Drugs.) 1 . 2 Product specifications indicate dosage form (e.g., tablet, capsules, dry syrup, liquid, ointment, injectable, emulsion suspension, etc.) and the drug content (exact number of mg or international units [IU] or % v/v, wlw or v/w acceptable range). The Goods

should conform to standards specified in the following compendia: [The procuring entity should specify an accept Pharmacopoeia standard from one of the following: the British Pharmacopoeia, the United States Pharmacopoeia, the French Pharmacopoeia, the International Pharmacopoeia or the European Pharmacopoeia, the latter particularly for raw materials.] The standards will be the latest edition unless otherwise stated by the Purchaser or other if applicable. In case

the pharmaceutical product is not included in (the specified compendium, but included in the Purchasers, national essential drug list, the Purchaser should clearly indicate acceptable limits and the Supplier, upon award of the Contract, must provide the reference, standards and testing protocols to allow for quality control testing. 1 . 3 Not only the pharmaceutical item, but also packaging and labelling components (e.g., bottles, closures,

and labelling) should also meet specifications suitable for distribution, storage, and use in a climate similar to that prevailing in the United Republic of Tanzania. All packaging must be properly sealed and tamper-proof and packaging components must meet the latest compendium standards and be approved for pharmaceutical packaging by the manufacturer's national Regulatory Authority (RA). The Purchaser should specify any additional special requirements.

1 . 4

All labelling and packaging inserts shall be in the language requested by the Purchaser or English if not otherwise stated. Goods requiring refrigeration or freezing or those that should not fall below a certain minimum temperature for stability must specifically indicate storage requirements on labels and containers and be shipped in special containers to ensure stability in transit from point of shipment to

1 . 5

port of entry. 1 . 6 Upon award, the successful Supplier shall, on demand, provide a translated version in the language of the bid of the prescriber's information for any specific goods the Purchaser may request. The label of the primary container for each pharmaceutical and vaccine products shall meet the W210 GMP standard and include:

2 .

Labelli ng Instru ctions

2 . 1

the international

non-proprietary name (INN) or generic name prominently displayed and above the brand name, where a brand name has been given. Brand names should not be bolder or larger than the generic name; dosage form, e.g., tablet, ampoule, syrup, etc.; the active ingredient "per unit, dose, tablet or capsule, etc."; the applicable pharmacopoeial standard;

the Purchaser's logo and code number and any specific colour coding if required; content per pack; instructions for use; special storage requirements; batch number; date of manufacture and date of expiry (in clear language, not code); name and address of manufacture; and

Any additional cautionary statement. 2 . 2 The outer case or carton should also display the above information. All cases should prominently indicate the following:

3 .

Case Identif icatio n

3 . 1

Purchaser's line and code numbers; the generic name of the product; the dosage form (tablet, ampoule, syrup); date of manufacture and expiry (in clear

language not code); batch number; quantity per case; special instructions for storage; name and address of manufacture; and any additional cautionary statements. 3 . 2 No case should contain pharmaceutical products from more than one batch. The Purchaser shall have the right to request the Supplier to imprint a logo, if the quantity so justifies it, on the labels of the containers used for packaging and in certain dosage forms,

4 .

Uniqu e Identif iers

4 . 1

such as tablets, and ampoules and this will be in the Technical Specifications. The design and detail will be clearly indicated at the time of biding, and confirmation of the design of such logo shall be provided to the Supplier at the time of contract award. 5 . Stand ards of Qualit y Contro l for Suppl y 5 . 1 The successful Supplier will be required to furnish to the Purchaser:

With each consignment, and for each item a WHO certificate of quality control test results

concerning quantitative assay, chemical analysis, sterility, pyrogen content uniformity, microbial limit, and other tests, as applicable to the Goods being supplied and the manufacturer's certificate of analysis; Assay methodology of any or all tests if requested; Evidence of bioavailability and/or bioequivalence for certain critical Goods upon request. This information would be supplied on a strictly confidential basis only; and

Evidence of basis for expiration dating and other stability data concerning the commercial final package upon request. 5 . 2 The Supplier will also be required to provide the Purchaser with access to its manufacturing facilities to aspect the compliance with the GMP requirements and quality control mechanisms.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR PHARMACEUTICALS Product quality and Package Specifications Product specification should

indicate dosage form (e.g., tablet, liquid, injection, emulsion, suspension, etc.) and the drug content (exact number of mg or % v/v per doses with acceptable range). The product should conform to standards specified in the latest edition of one of the following compendia: the British Pharmacopoeia (BP), the United State Pharmacopoeia (USP) European Pharmacopoeia (EP) or the International Pharmacopoeia (IP). In case the pharmaceutical is not included in the specified compendium, the supplier must provide the reference standards and testing protocols to allow for quality control testing. The following information must be submitted with the bid: Certificates of pharmaceutical products according to WHO 41.18 Certification scheme on the quality of

pharmaceutical product moving in international commerce must be enclosed. Copies of registration certificates of registered products for human medicines for products tendered issued by the Tanzania Food and Drug Authority (TFDA). Otherwise bidders shall submit copies of the following documents: A receipt of registration fee issued by the Tanzania Food and Drug Authority (TFDA). A letter of acknowledgement from the TFDA that the drug dossier and sample have been received. Copy of certificate of pharmaceutical product from

Drug Regulatory Authority (DRA) in the country of origin.

The required packing standards and labelling of pharmaceuticals must meet the WHO Good Manufacturing Practices ("GMP") standard in all respects. Alternative specifications to meet functional requirements will be considered, but must be submitted separate from, and not on the schedule of quantities and must be limited to a maximum of two offers including the quoted offer. The packaging components (e.g., bottles and closures) should meet specifications suitable for the purpose and have no detrimental effects on the pharmaceutical product Primary packing materials must give adequate protection against external influence and potential contamination. All light

sensitive pharmaceutical should be packed in amber or opaque containers to give maximum protection from light. Tablets and capsules should be packed in sealed, waterproof containers with replaceable lids that protect the contents against light and humidity. For drugs supplied in tins, priorities will be given to tablets packed in vacuum packing inside the tins.

Secondary packaging material should be strong enough to resist breakages during transportation and normal handling. Bottles should be packed as follows: 100 ml bottles dry powder for suspension in not more than 100 units per carton

100 ml bottles liquid syrups/suspensions in not more than 24 units per carton 5 litres bottles in not more than 4 units per carton Eye drops should not be packed more than 30 units per carton, and if more than 10 units, the box must be partitioned. Ampoules/ vials must be packed in units of 10 in sealed boxes and each ampoule/vials must be marked with the product name, strength, batch number, manufacture and the expiry date. Instruction leaflets should be inserted. All packing must be properly sealed and tamper-proof. Pharmaceuticals requiring refrigeration of freezing for stability must specifically indicate storage requirements on labels and

containers and be shipped in special container to ensure stability in transit from point of shipment to Medical stores Department (MSD).

Manufacture and expiration date All products must indicate the dates of manufacture and expiry in a clear language note codes. In additional all products must arrive at the port/airport of Dar es Salaam with a remaining shelf life of at least 80% of the total stipulated shelf life at the time of manufacture.

Qualifications of Manufacturer The Supplier shall furnish a certificate from the competent authority such as Food and Drug Authority (FDRA) that the manufacturer of the pharmaceuticals is licensed to

manufacture these products.

Standards and Quality Assurance for Supply

4.1All products must: Meet the requirements of manufacturing legislation and regulation of pharmaceuticals in the country of origin. Conform to all the specifications contained herein. Be certified by a competent authority in the manufacturer's country according to resolution WHO 28-65B, of the World Health Organization "Certifications Scheme on the Quality of Pharmaceuticals Products Moving International Commerce" 6.2The Supplier will also be required, if requested, to provide the purchaser with access to its manufacturer facilities to inspect its

facilities, quality control procedures for raw materials, test methods, inprocess tests, and finished dosage forms. Recalls In the event any of the Goods are recalled, the Supplier shall notify the Purchaser within fourteen (14) days, providing full details of the reason for the recall and promptly replace, at its own cost, the items covered by the recall with Goods that fully meet the requirements of the Technical Specification and arrange for collection or destruction of any defective Goods. If the Supplier fails to fulfil its recall obligation promptly, the Purchaser will, at the Suppliers expense, carry out the recall.

Tender Specificati on for

Oil Refinery
SCOPE :
The Specification covers manufacture, testing, supply & delivery and the requirements of new insulating oil of petroleum origin suitable for use as insulating and heat transfer medium and are quenching medium in Power/Distribution transformers and other equipments used in West Bengal by WBSEDCL. The oils covered by this standard are of low viscosity type and completely free from additives. The oil should contain minimum amount of impurities including moisture, sludge and should have some specified physical and chemical properties as detailed in the specification.

SERVICE CONDITION :
The transformer oil will be used in WBSEDCL'S Power/ Distribution Transformer and Circuit Breakers installed in outdoor sub-stations of various types subjected to all sorts of seasonal weather variations considering tropical and humid climate of West Bengal and rain, thunder-storms alongwith impact of dust particles on the transformers. The transformer oil should maintain the desired characteristics despite operation under severe service conditions with all types of above transformers manufactured in India including those fitted with on-load tap changing equipment. The temperature of the oil may rise upto 95oC under extreme conditions. The manufacturer may cement on the varnish preferred in insulation of coils etc. due to probable effect on the oil including the design feature for accessibility of air, if required.

COMPOSITION :
The oil shall be pure hydrocarbon mineral oil, without any additive, clean and sufficiently free from moisture and other foreign materials likely to impair its

properties. Mineral insulating oil are made from selected fraction of crude oil. The crude oil composed of mainly hydrocarbon, which may differ in their content of the main classes or types of hydrocarbons alongwith non- hydrocarbons as impurities like paraffins, napthenes and aromatics. The transformer oil should be free from aromatic hydrocarbons as they are unsaturated and hence less stable. By proper refining, the crude oil consisting of above constituents, the desired characteristics are obtained.

CHARACTERISTICS :
The characteristics of the oil when it is sampled at the manufacturer`s works and / or at the point of delivery and tested in accordance with ISS: 335 1993 should comply with the results given in the IS specification (ISS : 335- 1993 alongwith its latest amendment will be applicable) except for certain characteristics for which the value applicable will be as shown in the specification sheet.

SAMPLING AND TESTING :


Sampling of the oil shall be done in accordance with IS:6855 1973 and the tests shall be carried out in accordance with the test methods referred to IS:335-1993 with latest amendments and modified limit of moisture content only, in the manufacturer's

laboratory arranged by them. The list of instruments available in the manufacturers laboratory for rigorous testing, should be furnished alongwith the quotation. Any test, which cannot be carried out in their laboratory, should be clearly stated in the offer. Those who have no major testing facilities in their laboratories need not quote.

For determination of rate of sludge formation by accelerated ageing test at which sludge is formed at 115oC in the presence of the copper catalyst at controlled rates of airflow, WBSEDCL shall prefer the test to run for 96 hours. The manufacturer may submit their own method of test referring to any national / international standard in the guaranteed technical particulars. All the tests will be conducted by the vender at their works as per ISS/WBSEDCL'S Technical Specification except for the following tests : i) Corrosive Sulfer ii) Accelerated ageing iii) Oxidation stability The above tests have to be done from any unit of CPRI and all the cost to be borne by the vendor. For the tests the sample have to be collected in presence of the representative of WBSEDCL. According to General Conditions of Contract, WBSEDCL reserves the right to carry out inhouse testing of the supplied materials at destination stores, in presence of authorized representative of the Manufacturer. In case they do not be present, company shall Test unilaterally and their result will be binding on them. In case the test results deviates from the inspection result carried out at Manufacturers Works (more than 2% tolerance as per IS where ever applicable), the Company reserves the right to cancel the specific lot and in that event materials are to be replaced by the Manufacturer free of cost including the transportation from the site to their works and back. In case of EHV Grade Transformer Oil only, if the test results of the inhouse testing deviates from the inspection results (only except for Breakdown Voltage and Water Content) carried out at Manufacturers Works (more than 10% tolerance), the Company reserves the right to cancel the specific lot and in that event materials are to be replaced by the Manufacturer free of cost including the transportation from the site to their works and back. If the test results of the inhouse testing for Electric Strength (Breakdown Voltage) of the new unfiltered oil become less than 45 KV or those for Water Content become more than 25 ppm., the Company reserves the right to cancel the specific lot and in that event materials are to be replaced by the Manufacturer free of cost including the transportation from the site to their works and back.

CALIBRATION :
According to General Conditions of Contract, the instruments/equipment required for Inspection & Testing should have valid calibration as per following guideline : (a) Calibration Certificate issued by Laboratory accredited by NABL may be accepted unconditionally provided the certificate bears an Accreditation body Logo. (b) For Testing equipments, where NABL Accreditation is not available, Calibration Certificate from Educational Institutions like IITs, NITs, J.U., C.U., BHU only can be accepted provided they can demonstrate traceability. Necessary confirmation regarding above is to be given along with inspection offer failing which the inspection offer will not be accepted. If during inspection & testing, the suppliers fail to produce Calibration Certificate as indicated above the offered lot may be rejected only except the following three tests. In case of following three tests only, Calibration of the instruments shall be shown by the suppliers during inspection & testing according to the calibration method as stated below :

Sl. No. 1

Instrument Interfacial Tensiometer Viscometer

Calibration Method W ith weights as per instruction m anual of the Interfacial Tensiometer according to test method of IS 6104. With standard liquids supplied by : i) M/s. Merk Limited, ...56, New Timber Yard Layout, ...Bangalore 26. ii) M/s. Alliance Technologies,
rd

Moisturemeter

aaNo. 78, 3 Cross, Sunder nagar, aaGokul, Bangalore 54.

QUANTITY :
The quantitY may vary upto maximum 25% subsequently in case of necessity.

PACKING :
The tenderer should indicate in their offer whether they could supply transformer oil in I.S.I. Marked barrels. If they are not in a position to supply transformer oil in ISI marked barrels, their offer may not be considered. The transformer oil should be delivered in sealed non-returnable epoxy coated new steel barrels each containing 209/210 litres of oil. The barrels should conform to Type A or B of ISS: 1783 1974.

TEST REPORTS AND TYPE TESTS :


The bidder shall submit complete test reports of all tests (including Type Test) as stipulated in relevant IS with complete identification and date, carried out in Central Power Research Institute on the tendered item. Copies of Type Test Report as per latest IS, carried out within five (5) years from due date of Tender, from Central Power Research Institute shall be submitted alongwith the offer as pre-requisites. Otherwise the offer may be rejected.

CONSUMERS :
List of reputed concerns to whom the transformer oils have been previously supplied alongwith order nos. and quantities should be clearly mentioned in the offer.

SOURCE OF SUPPLY :
Name & address of the supplier of base product is to be mentioned in the offer.

REFINERY CENTRE :
Name and address of refinery where the base product is processed are also to be mentioned in the offer.

MARKING :
Each drum shall be legibly and indelibly marked with the following : (a) Manufacturers name, (b) Name of the material, (c) Quantity in litres, (d)The words Low Viscosity Type , (e) Date and lot of manufacture, (f) ISI Certification mark as IS-335-1993, (g) Name of Consignee as WBSEDCL.

DECLARATION :
The enclosed declaration sheet (Annexure III) shall have to be filled up and signed.

PRICE VARIATION FORMULA :


For calculation of Price variation , the tenderer should furnish documents indicating necessary dates viz. Price of TOBS/ TOPS, Price of oil barrels, base date effective for the quoted prices etc. 0

DOCUMENTS TO BE SUBMITTED AT THE TIME OF PHYSICAL DELIVERY AT CONSIGNEE STORES :


The following documents to be submitted by the venders to the consignee Stores at the time of despatch to stores by the venders:a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Copy of purchase Order. Copy of Despatch Instruction Inspection Test Certificate Guarantee Certificate Proforma Invoice Calculation Sheet for price Variation on the basis of IEEMA or CACMAI as applicable with base date of order. Seal list and packing list Challan in triplicate Way bill, if applicable.

REQUIRED SPECIFICATION OF NEW INSULATING OIL


SL. NO. 1) CHARACTERISTICS Appearance VALUES PROPOSED AS PER TENDER SPECIFICATION Clear and transparent free from suspended matter or sediments. 0.89 27 0.04 140 - 06

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

Density at 29.5oC (Max) gm/cc Viscosity, Kinem atic at 27oC (Max) Interfacial Tension at 27oC (Min) Newton / M Flash point, Pensky Marten (closed) in oC (min). Pour point in oC (Max) Neutralisation value a) Total acidity, m g KOH/ gm (M ax)

0.03

b) Inorganic acidity / alkalinity 8) 9) Corrosive sulphur (Copper strip) 19 hours at 140 oC Electric strength (Breakdown Voltage )KV ( s). rm a) New unfiltered oil (min). b) After filteration (min). 10) 11) Dielectric dissipation factor (Tan Delta) at 90oC (Max). Specific resistance (resistivity) a) b) 12) at 90oC , ohm-cms (Min ) at 27oC , ohm-cms (Min) 60

Nil

Non corrosive.

60

0.002

35 x 10 12 1500 x 10 12

Oxidation stability. a) Neutralisation value, after Oxidation for 164 hours at 100 C mg KOH/gm (Max). b) Total sludge, after 164 hours At 100 o C wt. % (max). 0.10

0.40

13)

Ageing characteristics after accelerated Ageing (open beaker method with copper Catalyst) for 96 hours at 115 o C a) Specific resistance (resistivity) i) at 27oC , ohm-cms (Min) ii) at 90oC , ohm-cms (Min) b) Dielectric dissipation factor (Tan Delta ) at 90oC (Max) c) Total acidity, mg KOH/gm (max) d) Total sludge value, Wt. % (max) 2 .5 x 1 012 0 .2 x 1 0 12 0 .2 0.05 0.05 The oil shall not contain anti oxidant additives. 20 -

14) 15) 16)

Presence of oxidation inhibitor Water content, ppm (max) SK value, % (max)

The values are tentative and there is scope for further improvement in the stability characteristics of the oil, which may increase the service life of the oil. Tenderer shall furnish their guaranteed values along with method of tests for the above

characteristics of Transformer oil, along with their offer.

The tenderer shall also furnish : a) Proportion of classes of hydrocarbons in the crude oil including content of aromatic hydrocarbons. b) Details of barrel (Size, gauge inside/outside coating/weight of empty drum not less than 18 Kg.). c) List of equipments for testing of oil as per revised ISS d) Electric strength(breakdown voltage ) KV (Min) i) Value of the fresh sample in the supplied sealed drums KV(Min). ii) Value after filling in transformer upto & within 3 months (Min).