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7.

INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES 7.20 Capacitors and Reactors (cont.) 3. Reactors (Shunt and Current Limiting) (cont.) 2. Liquid-Filled (cont.) 10. Verify that positive pressure is maintained on nitrogenblanketed reactors. Perform specific inspections and mechanical tests as recommended by manufacturer. Verify correct equipment grounding. Verify that applicable.tap connections are as specified, if

11.

12. 13. 2.

Electrical Tests 1. Perform resistance measurements through all bolted connections with low-resistance ohmmeter, if applicable, in accordance with Section 7.20.3.2.1 (Visual and Mechanical Inspection). Perform winding-to-ground, in accordance with Table 10.5. Calculate polarization index. Perform insulation power-factor/dissipation-factor tests on winding in accordance with the test equipment manufacturers published data. Perform power-factor/dissipation-factor or hot collar watts-loss tests on bushings in accordance with the test equipment manufacturers published data. Measure winding resistance. Measure the percentage of oxygen in the nitrogen gas blanket, if applicable.

2.

3. 4.

5.

6. 7.

*Optional

ATS 1999

167

7.

INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES 7.20 Capacitors and Reactors (cont.) 3. Reactors (Shunt and Current Limiting) (cont.) 2. Liquid-Filled (cont.) 8. Remove a sample of insulating liquid in accordance with ASTM D-923. Sample shall be tested for the following: 1. Dielectric breakdown voltage: ASTM D-877 and/or ASTM D-1816. Acid neutralization number: ASTM D-974. Specific gravity: ASTM D-1298. Interfacial tension: ASTM D-971 or ASTM D2285. Color: ASTM D-1500. Visual Condition: ASTM D-1524. Water in insulating liquids: ASTM D-1533. (Required on 25 kV or higher voltages and on all silicone-filled units.) *8. Measure dissipation-factor or power-factor in accordance with ASTM D-924.

2. *3. 4.

5. 6. 7.

9.

Remove a sample of insulating liquid in accordance with ASTM D-3613 and perform dissolved-gas-analysis (DGA) in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C57.104 or ASTM D-3612.

*Optional 168 ATS 1999

7.

INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES

7.20

Capacitors and Reactors (cont.) 3. Reactors (Shunt and Current Limiting) (cont.) 2. Liquid-Filled (cont.) 2. Test Values 1. Bolt-torque levels should be in accordance with Table 10.12 unless otherwise specified by manufacturer. Insulation-resistance test values should not be less than values calculated in accordance with the formula in Table 10.5. Results shall be temperature corrected in accordance with Table 10.14. The polarization index shall be greater than 1.0 and shall be recorded for future reference. Maximum power factor/dissipation factor of liquid-filled reactors shall be in accordance with manufacturers published data. In the absence of manufacturers data, compare to test equipment manufacturers published data. Representative values are indicated in Table 10.3. Investigate bushing power factor/dissipation factor and capacitances that vary from nameplate values by more than ten percent. Investigate any bushing hot collar watts-loss results that exceed the test equipment manufacturers published data. Consult manufacturer if winding-resistance measurements vary more than one percent from factory tests. Investigate presence of oxygen in the nitrogen gas blanket. Insulating liquid test results shall be in accordance with Table 10.4. Evaluate results of dissolved-gas-analysis in accordance with IEEE Standard C57.104. Use results as baseline for future tests.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

*Optional

ATS 1999

169

7.

INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES 7.21 Outdoor Bus Structures 1. Visual and Mechanical Inspection 1. 2. 3. Compare bus arrangement with drawings and specifications. Inspect physical and mechanical condition. Inspect all bolted electrical connections for high resistance using one of the following methods:

1.

Use of low-resistance ohmmeter in accordance with Section 7.21.2 (Electrical Tests). Verify tightness of accessible bolted electrical connections by calibrated torque-wrench method in accordance with manufacturers published data or Table 10.12. Perform thermographic survey in accordance with Section 9.

2.

3. 2.

Electrical Tests 1. Perform resistance measurements through all bolted connections with low-resistance ohmmeter, if applicable, in accordance with Section 7.21.1 (Visual and Mechanical Inspection). Measure insulation resistance of each bus, phase-to-ground with other phases grounded. 3. Perform overpotential test on each bus phase, phase-to-ground with other phases grounded. Potential application shall be for one minute. Measure resistance of bus section joints with low-resistance ohmmeter.

*2.

4.

*Optional 170 ATS 1999

7.

INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES 7.21 Outdoor Bus Structures (cont.) 3. Test Values 1. Compare bolted connection resistance to values of similar connections. Bolt-torque levels should be in accordance with Table 10.12 unless otherwise specified by manufacturer. 3. Microhm or millivolt drop values shall not exceed the high levels of the normal range as indicated in the manufacturers published data. If manufacturers data is not available, investigate any values which deviate from similar connections by more than 50 percent of the lowest value. Insulation-resistance tests should be in accordance with Table 10.1. Compare measured bus connector joint resistance to an equal length of bus and to similar connections.

2.

4. 5.

6.

Overpotential test voltage shall be in accordance with manufacturers published data or Table 10.11. The insulation shall withstand the overpotential test voltage applied.

*Optional

ATS 1999

171

7.

INSPECTION AND TEST PROCEDURES 7.22 Emergency Systems 1. Engine Generator NOTE: 1. The prime mover is not addressed in these specifications.

Visual and Mechanical Inspection 1. Compare equipment nameplate data with drawings and specifications. Inspect physical and mechanical condition. Inspect correct anchorage and grounding.

2. 3. 2.

Electrical and Mechanical Tests 1. Perform an insulation-resistance test on generator winding with respect to ground in accordance with ANSI/IEEE Standard 43. Calculate polarization index. Test protective relay devices in accordance with Section 7.9. Perform phase-rotation test to determine compatibility with load requirements. Functionally test engine shutdown for low oil pressure, overtemperature, overspeed, and other features as applicable.

2. 3. 4.

5.

6.

Perform vibration baseline test. Plot amplitude versus frequency for each main bearing cap. Conduct performance test in accordance with ANSI/NFPA Standard 110, Section 5-13 (Installation Acceptance). Verify correct functioning of governor and regulator.

7.

8.

*Optional 172 ATS 1999

NETA.
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1. GENERAL SCOPE, ACCEPTANCE TESTING SPECIFICATIONS 2. APPLICABLE REFERENCES 3. QUALIFICATIONS OF TESTING ORGANIZATION AND PERSONNEL 4. DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITY 5. GENERAL 5.1 Safety and Precautions 5.2 Suitability of Test Equipment 5.3 Test Instrument Calibration 5.4 Test Report

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