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# Unit 1 CONIC SECTIONS 1.

. Draw an ellipse when the distance of focus from the directrix is equal to 40mm and eccentricity is 3/5. 2. Draw an ellipse with the major axis length 90mm and minor axis length 50mm by Oblong method and concentric circle method. 3. Draw an ellipse in a parallelogram of sides 90mm and 60mm .The acute angle is70. 4. Draw a parabola with a parallelogram of sides 120mm and axis 60mm and the acute angle is 70. 5. Draw a hyperbola when the distance of focus from the directrix is equal to 35mm and eccentricity is 4/3. 6. Draw an ellipse having conjugate axis of 80mm and 40mm, making an angle of 75 with each other. Determine the major and minor axis. 7. A point P is at a distance of 40mm from one asymptote and 30mm from the other. Draw a hyperbola passing through P if the angle between the asymptotes is 75 8. The vertex and the focus of a hyperbola are at distances of 20 mm and 50mm respectively from a fixed straight line. Draw the tangent and hyperbola and a normal at any point on it. 9. A highway bridge of parabolic shape is to be constructed with a span of 10mm and a rise of 5 mm .Make out a profile of the bridge by offset method. 10. Draw a four centered approximate ellipse having a major axis 120mm and minor axis 80 mm. 11. A ball thrown up in the air reaches a maximum height of 50m.The horizontal distance traveled by the ball is 80m.Trace the path of the ball and name it. Find the direction of motion of the ball with reference to the horizontal when the ball has reached a height of 40m during the first half of the travel. 12. Draw a cycloid formed by a rolling circle 50mm in diameter. Use 12 divisions. Draw a tangent and a normal at a point 30mm above the directing line. 13. A circle of 45mm diameter rolls along the inside of another circle of 180mm. Draw the path described by a point on the circumference of the rolling circle of one complete revolution. Draw a tangent and normal at a point on the curve. 14. Draw a hypocycloid of rolling circle diameter 45mm and Director Circle diameter 90mm (The hypocycloid is st. Line and is a diameter of the director circle). 15. A circular disc of radius 48mm. rolls inside another circle of radius 96mm for one revolution. Draw the locus of a point, which is at a distance of 36mm from the center of the disc. 16. A circular disc of radius 25mm rolls inside another circle of radius 100mm for one revolution. Draw the locus of a point, which is at a distance of 15mm from the center of the disc.

Unit 3 PROJECTIONS OF SOLIDS 1. A pentagonal prism axis vertical and base edge 40mm is 80mm high. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP, inclined at 40 degree to HP bisecting the axis .Draw the true shape of the section.

2. A hexagonal prism of base side 30mm and axis length 70mm rests on one of its ends on the
HP with two base sides parallel to the VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to the VP and inclined at 30 degree to the HP. The cutting plane meets the axis at 30mm from the top. Draw the front view, sectional top view and true shape of the section.

3. A pentagonal pyramid of side of base 25mm and height 60 mm rests on VP on its base with a
base edge perpendicular to HP and inclined at 60 degree to VP passing through a base corner. Draw the sectional elevation and true shape. 4. A hexagonal pyramid of base side 30mm and axis height 80mm is lying on the ground on its base with a base edge parallel to the VP. It is cut by the plane, perpendicular to the VP, inclined at 45 degree to the HP and meets the axis at a point 25mm from the base .Draw the sectional plan and true shape of the section.

5. A cone diameter 40 mm and axis 50 mm rests on its base on HP. A cutting plane inclined at
45 degree to HP cuts the cone and passes through a point on axis which is 20mm above HP. Draw the sectional plan and elevation and true shape of the section. 6. A cone of 50 mm diameter and axis 70mm lying on the ground vertically. A plane, which is perpendicular to the VP and parallel to and 12 mm away from one of the generators of the cone, cuts it. Draw the sectional plan and true shape of the section. 7. A cone of diameter 40mm, height 65mm is lying on the ground with one of its generators parallel to VP and on the HP. Draw the projections 8. A cone of diameter 50mm, height 70mm is lying on the ground on one of its base point with its axis inclined at 40 degree to HP and parallel to VP. Draw the projection. 9. Draw the projections of a cone of diameter 40mm ,height 70mm is lying on the ground on one of its base points with a generator perpendicular to H

## 1. A cylinder off diameter 40 mm, height 75 mm is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP and

inclined at 55 degree to HP, meeting the axis at the top face. Draw the lateral development of the solid. 2. A cylinder of diameter 50 mm and axis height 80 mm is cut by a plane inclined at sixty degree to the HP and bisecting the axis. Draw the lateral development of the solid.

## 3. A cylinder of diameter 50 mm, height 70 mm is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP, inclined at

65 degree to HP meeting the axis at the top face. Draw the Draw the lateral development of the solid.

4. A hexagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and axis height 50 mm is lying on the ground on its
base such that one edge is parallel to VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP, inclined at 30 degree to HP meeting the axis at 25 mm from the base. Draw the lateral development of the solid

5. A hexagonal pyramid of base side 25 mm and height 55 mm rests on its base on the ground
with the base edge perpendicular to VP. It is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP, inclined at 45 degree to HP meeting the axis at 30 mm from the base. Draw the development of the lateral surfaces

6. A square pyramid of base side 40 mm, which is equally inclined to VP and height of 65 mm
is cut by a plane perpendicular to VP and inclined at 40 degree to the HP, meeting the axis at a distance of 30 mm from the base. Draw the development of the lateral surfaces of the pyramid.

7. A cone with a 50 mm base diameter and a 70 mm long axis, rests on its base on the HP.
Draw the development of its lateral surfaces when it is cut by a auxiliary inclined plane bisecting the axis and inclined at 45 degree to the HP

8. A pentagonal prism of base side30 mm and axis height 70 mm is lying on its base on HP
such that one of its rectangular faces is parallel to the VP .It is cut by a auxiliary inclined plane whose VT is inclined at 45 degree and passes through the mid- point of the axis. Draw the lateral surface of the truncated prism. Unit 5 ISOMETRIC PROJECTIONS

1. A cylinder slab 75mm diameter and 45mm thick is surmounted by a cube of 38 mm side, on the top of the cube rests the square pyramid of altitude of 38mm and side of base 25mm.The axis of the solid are in the same straight line. Draw the isometric projection of the set up. 2. A cube of size 40mm is resting on the ground on one of its faces surmounted centrally a sphere of radius 30mm Draw the isometric projection of the set up. 3. A frustum of the square pyramid of bottom base 30mm side and top face 45mm side and height 30mm, is placed centrally over a square prism of side 45mm and axis 10mm On the top of the frustum, a sphere of radius 40mm is placed centrally. Draw the isometric projection of combination of solids. 4. A square prism of base side 65mm and height 16mm is resting on ground. A frustum of cone base diameter 60mm and top face diameter 40mm and height 75mm is centrally placed over the prism. A hemisphere of radius 40mm is placed over the frustum of the cone, Draw the isometric projection of the setup. 5. Three square rods of 25 x 25 mm cross section and length 8Omm, and 50mm are so nailed together that they form the letter H .Draw the isometric projection of H.