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# 7SA522- Practical Ref.

For Testing

1. OPERATIONAL MEASUREMENTS:
APPLIED :
S.N0

VPH - N = 57.74.

I PH = 1.

PARAMETER

V-I = 45.

PRIMARY
MEASUREMENT

SECONDARY
MEASUREMENT

1.
IA
2.
IB
3.
IC
4.
3IO
5.
VA
6.
VB
7.
VC
8.
V A-B
9.
V B-C
10.
V C-A
11.
3 VO
12.
S
13.
P
14.
Q
15.
FERQUENCY
16.
P.F

## *INJECT 3 PHASES CURRENTS & VOLTAGES.

*DITANCE PROTECTION = 1201=OFF.
*The power measurements P, Q are positive, if real power or inductive
reactive power flows into the protected object. This is assuming that this
direction has been parameterized as forward.
The sign of the power factor cos j corresponds to the sign of the real
power.

-:*
POWERE
SYSTEM DATA 1
POWERE SYSTEM DATA 1 CT & PT -2
POWERE SYSTEM -3
-:*
1

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

V1=57.74V-0
V2=57.74V-(-120)
V3=57.74V-(120)
I1=1A(-45) I2=1A (-165)
I3=1A(75)
-:BB *
V1=57.74V-0
V2=57.74V-(-120)
V3=57.74V-(120)
I1=1A(135)
I2=1A (15)
I3=1A(-105)
-:
45
.135
90
135
I

180

0
360

I
-45
270
To test 3Io, 3Vo, inject:
Ia=1A,0, Ib=2A, 180, Ic=0 3Io=1A
Va= 37V, 0, Vb= 57V, 180,Vc=03Vo= 20V
This (3Vo) will not appear if the setting of AD210(U4 volt. Transformer is : Open
delta) as the final setting, because the 3V0 is calculated in this case directly from
the open delta. So to make the relay calculate the 3Vo you have to change the
setting to be (Not connected).

2. IMPEDACE MEASUREMENTS:
Injected Impedance Z = ..OHMS

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

= 60

IMPEDANCE
CALCULATED

= 240
MEASURED

CALCULATED

MEASURED

RL1
XL1
RL2
XL2
RL3
XL3
RL12
XL12
RL23
XL23
RL31
XL31
R = Z * COS ,

X = Z * SIN

Note :*Before this test check power system data 2 address (1116-1119)
setting should be zero to get correct readings.!!!!!
*INJECT ( Z ) WITH ANGLE

. R X

3. DIRECTIONAL TEST:

ANGLE
FROM

DIRECTION
FORWARD
UNDEFINED

( Z ) *

339

120

121

158

159

300

TO

REVERSE
UNDEFINED

301

338

## Note :*3-PHASE FAULT INJECTION.1PHASE FAULT INJECTION & PH-PH

FAULT INJECTION.
(MUST BE SAME FOR ALL TYPS OF FAULTS)
LED13 =3719= FORWARD (Unlatch u)
LED14 = 3720=REVERSE (Unlatch u)
120

FORWARD
159

339

REVERSE

300

Bi *
-:
.. z *

At isa:
use z-Pro, insert z with any required angles by click & test

## if you want to use X-pro you have to calculate the Z value to

be inside zone 5 at all angles, because if you changr the engle
of the current only the impedance value will be changed and it
does not give the right value of the Z angle- you can see it at
the z-pro.
At OMICRON:
-:( OMICRON)*
z *
Seguence *
.

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

1201 : DISTANCE ON,

I ph > Setting

Pick up

0.25

0.26

## Note:*You must inject voltage more than the setting voltage at

address (2913A) or make fuse fail (2915) OFF
*MEASUREMENT SUPERVISION=2901 = OFF
*INJECT CURRENT IN PHASE TO PHASE.
L-L *
-: L-L *
. L2 L1 N L1 -1

At isa: (X-pro)
You have to choose the correct values and angles to simulate each
fault type:
L1-3: V2=57.7 V, angle: -120, V1=V3=30V, Ang.: 60
I2=0
, I1=I3(Ramp from 0: 0.26A),I1 Ang.(240:330)
,I3 Ang.(60:150)
If these angles reversed , the direction will be reversed!
These values extracted from Z-pro!.
L1-2: V3=57.7 V, angle: +120, V1=V2=30V, Ang.: 300
I3=0
, I1=I2(Ramp from 0: 0.26A),I1 Ang.(300:390)
,I2 Ang.(120:210)
L2-3: V1=57.7 V, angle: 0, V2=V3=30V, Ang.: 180
I1=0
, I2=I3(Ramp from 0: 0.26A),I2 Ang.(180:270)
,I3 Ang.( 0:90)

## 4. FAULT DETECTION TEST

B) 3I o DETECTION :

1202

1203

= 0.30

## 1209A : 3Io OR 3Vo

3Io > Setting (A)

Pick up (A)

## Note:* Make UN balance and check the measurements in the relay to

see the 3Io values.
*You must inject voltage more than the setting voltage at address
(2913A) or make fuse fail (2910) OFF
*KEEP 3Vo SETTING = 60V,
*1202
: I ph > for Distance Measurement
= 0.1A
*1203
: 3Io for Neutral current pickup = 0.16A..
* 1204 = 3 VO = 60V, INJECT CURRENT PHASE TO EARTH
.L-N *
.

3Io Ip *

*
L-L 0.15 3I0
0.1
. Iph

## 4. FAULT DETECTION TEST

C)3 V o DETECTION :

1204

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

1209A

: 3Io or 3Vo
3 Vo > Setting (v)

Pick up(v)

## Note:1204 = 3 VO Threshold zero sequence pick up = 5V

Vrn=6v, Vyn=10V, Vbn=10V,Ang. 0,240,120
INJECT 3PHASE CURRENT =Not RATED CURRENT, because
if you inject the rated the relay will trip directly!
REDUCE SLOWLY Vrn voltage till relay E/F element operates.
.L-N *
N-L *
( 3Uo) . O/c(Iph) and to be <3Io setting
3Uo )
TRIP ( 3Uo
All these steps dependent on the pre-mentioned note (U4 volt.
Transformer is : not connected (not Open delta) so that the 3Uo can be
calculated!
Also if you want to set the AD 1209A
: 3Io AND 3Vo,
you have to inject the current > 3Io setting

Z5
NON DIRECTIONAL

Z4
FORWARD

Z3
REVERSE

Z2
FORWARD

Z1B
FORWARD

Z1
FORWARD

AXES

SETTING

ZONE

TIME

2.5

1.3

3.5

10

12

12

TYPE OF FAULTS
TIME
A-N

B-N

C-N

A-B

B-C

C-A

ABC

0.3

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.5

## 0013 Setting Group A Settings ZONE ZONE

Distance zones
Device configuration
90

Z X 0 Z R

270 Z X

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

*-:
Reverse Forward .

* -: OMCRON
.Distance -1
.Shot -2
-3 .
-5 ALL
-6 OK
-7
* Parameter .

## By isa: Using Z-pro

: )BACKUP E/F
(0.25A L-L 1.22 0.25

5. ZONE CHECK:
B) POLAR CHARECTERISTIC
LINE ANGLE = .
TIME

TYPE OF FAULTS
ABC

C-A

B-C

A-B

Z set
C-N

10

B-N

A-N

TIME

ZONE

Z1

FORWARD

Z1B

FORWA
RD

0.3

Z2

FORWA
RD

0.5

Z3

REVERSE

Z4

FORWARD

1.5

Z5

FORWARD

2.5

2.5

3.0

5.0

1.0

6.0

10.0

12.0

85

## 6 BACK UP OVER CURRENT TEST

DISTANCE PROTECTION : 1201=OFF
BACKUP O/C PROTECTION :2601=ON

: (A &B)

. O/C

11

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

O/C
DISTANCE PROTECTION : 1201=OFF
A. DEFINITE TIME TEST
SETTING
CURRENT
TIME

A-N

MEASURED VALUES
B-N
C-N

TIME

I>
Io >
I >>
I o >>
I

I
Io

( Bi

CR)*

I p > =

A ,

CHARECTERISTIC
NORMAL
INVERSE

VERY
INVERSE

EXTREMELY
INVERSE

LONG INVERSE

I o > =

PHASE
A
B
C
N
A
B
C
N
A
B
C
N
A
B
C
N

T.M.S

CALCULATED
TIME

( Bi

## 7. SOTF FUNTION (1 & 2A,2B)

1. SOTF SEPATATE FUNCTION {AD 2401)
LED 13= 4295=SOTF TRIP SHOULD GLOW ON SOTF.
CB MANULE CLOSE BINARY INPUT = 356.

12

MEASURED
VALUE

CR)*

## ADDRESS NO 2404 SETTING = 2 A

ADDRESS NO2615 O/C I> = OFF
ADDRESS NO2625 O/C I>> = OFF
ADDRESS NO2671 O/C Ip = OFF
ADDRESS NO2601 SOTF WITH O/C = OFF
ADDRESS NO1201 SOTF WITH Dis. = OFF
NO1143= manual close

(2.1. ) MORE THAN THE SETTING ADDRESS NO 2404 W/O BINARY INPUT : NO TRIP
: TRIP
: :NO TRIP

## (2.1.. ) MORE THAN THE SETTING ADDRESS NO 2404 + BINARY INPUT

(2.1) LESS THAN THE SETTING ADDRESS NO 2404 + BINARY INPUT

* CB MANULE CLOSE BINARY INPUT
-:

## ADDRESS NO1143=Current flow OR manual close

ADDRESS NO 1132 SETTING = 2 S

:isa
x-pro prefault

* 250 ms 2 s
2 A

- isa prefault

## Also prefault value should be > AD 1130A: pole open current

threshold(0.1A), otherwise the relay dont detect that the line is live.
* 250 ms 2 s
2 A
* 250 ms 2 s
2 A
- ms250

## isa prefault ms 250

7. SOTF FUNTION
)2) SWITCH ON TO FAULT (SOTF
A) SOTF WITH BACKUP O/C:

## ADDRESS NO2615 O/C I> = ON

ADDRESS NO2625 O/C I>> = ON

13

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

ADDRESS NO2671 O/C Ip = ON
ADDRESS NO2601 SOTF WITH O/C = ON

I set = .

T W/O SOTF

## T set = (Current flow )T WITH SOTF

Sec

Sec

Sec

prefault isa
( AD 1132A2 prefault isa ms 250

T W/O SOTF

Sec

I set = .

Sec

T set =

Sec

I set =
TMS =

T W/O SOTF

Sec

Sec

## (Current flow )T WITH SOTF=

Sec

Note:-LED: SOTF P/U. because the trip is not tagged(SOTF) but still(O/C)!
but with 0 sec not 2.5 sec.so this led will inform you the cause of
accelerating the time. But the led did not pick up?!
-

also you can read the EVENT LOG, TRIP LOG but you can not
see any thing about SOTF like the first case.only if you open
the fault recorder(oscillograph) you will find the pulse (Line
closure).

14

## -BI: MANUAL CLOSED.

-MAKE FAULT WITH ALL TYPE OF O/C.
-CHECK THE SEAL-IN TIME SETTING FOR MANUAL CLOSE.
* ADDRESS NO 2404 =OFF O/C
O/C DIS.
* : DIS.
\: isa
BI
BI . prefault !
- BI .ms0

7. SOTF FUNCTION
)2) SWITCH ON TO FAULT (SOTF
) B) SOTF WITH DISTANCE PROTECTION: (1232 = ZONE PICK UP

15

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

ADDRESS NO1232 SOTF WITH Dis. = ON :
- with Z1B : the trip time on the relay is 0ms

so OK, but
the contact working with the zone time??!because the
contact must be programmed to close also with Z1B
because the tripping now is with Z1B 1-phase or 3-ph

## with pick up (non- directional) results is ok with this option.

with Z1B un directional
SOTF WITH Z1

T W/O SOTF
=
(Manual close)T WITH SOTF
=
(Current flow )T WITH SOTF =

Sec
Sec
Sec

## SOTF WITH Z1B

T W/O SOTF
(Manual close)T WITH SOTF
(Current flow )T WITH SOTF

=
=
=

Sec
Sec
Sec

SOTF WITH Z2

T W/O SOTF
(Manual close)T WITH SOTF
(Current flow )T WITH SOTF

=
=
=

Sec
Sec
Sec

SOTF WITH Z3

T W/O SOTF
=
(Manual close)T WITH SOTF
=
(Current flow )T WITH SOTF =

Sec
Sec
Sec

SOTF WITH Z4

T W/O SOTF
=
(Manual close)T WITH SOTF
=
(Current flow )T WITH SOTF =

Sec
Sec
Sec

## Note:-LED: SOTF P/U.

-BI: MANUAL CLOSED
-BO: GENERAL TRIP OR SOTF.
-MAKE FAULT WITH ALL
-NO SOTF TRIP LED WILL GLOW . BUT ZONE TRIP TIME WILL BE
BYPASSED)
DIS ADDRESS NO 2404 =OFF *
DIS. O/C
O/C :*
8. VT MCB TRIP :(00361) power syst.Data2:ZONE 1:

## WITH OUT VT MCB TRIP

WITH VT MCB TRIP

: Distance trip
: Distance blocked (O/C trip)

16

.
..

ZONE 1B

## WITH OUT VT MCB TRIP

WITH VT MCB TRIP

: Distance trip
: Distance blocked (O/C trip)

.
..

ZONE 2:

## WITH OUT VT MCB TRIP

WITH VT MCB TRIP

: Distance trip
: Distance blocked (O/C trip)

.
..

ZONE 3:

## WITH OUT VT MCB TRIP

WITH VT MCB TRIP

: Distance trip
: Distance blocked (O/C trip)

.
..

ZONE 4:

## WITH OUT VT MCB TRIP

WITH VT MCB TRIP

: Distance trip
: Distance blocked (O/C trip)

.
..

ZONE 5:

## WITH OUT VT MCB TRIP

WITH VT MCB TRIP

: Distance trip
: Distance blocked (O/C trip)

.
..

## Note:-LED: FAILURE FEEDER VT MCB TRIP.(AD3615)

-BI: FAILURE FEEDER VT MCB TRIP.(AD3615)
- MAKE FAULT WITH ALL ZONES WITH AND WITHOUT (BI)
-DISTANCE PROTECTION WILL BLOCK.
- MAKE O/C = ON

## 9. FUSE FAIL MONITOR:( 2910)

WE HAVE 4 CASES:( A,B,C &D)
A)FUSE FAILURE MONITORING FUNCTION (3Io & 3Vo)
B)VOLTAGE ABSENT MONITORING FUNCTION (3 phase voltages)
C)FUSE FAILURE MONITORING FUNCTION (3 phase voltages & I )
17

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

D)BROKEN CONDUCTOR
Note:- LED 14 = FUSE FAILURE=169,
-INJECTION VOLTAGE LESS THAN(2913A)-MAX. VOLTAGE
)THRESHOLD V<(3-PHASES
-DISTANCE WILL BLOCK AFTER TIME (2916A) DELAY TIME VOLTAGE
FAILURE SUPERVISION.
-APPLY FAULT AT ANY ZONE (Z1.Z5)BEFORE TIME (2916A)THE
RELAY SHOULD OPERATE.
-2916A=0 SECS.
)9. FUSE FAIL MONITOR:( 2910
-A) 1 PHASE SETTING = 30V, Vrn = 31v,Vyn=Vbn=60V, 3 PHASE
CURRENT = 0.5A. SLOWLY DECREASE RN VOLTAGE & CHECK AT
WHICH VOLTAGE FUSE FAIL LED APPEARS
* 316 406 Pdf
.
healthy ) (30 V healthy 30 3Vo > 30v
healthy 30 3Vo > 30v
-

,
120

.

: isa
3 30 )>(AD 2911A min. volt threshold u
- : prefault

18

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

fuse fail )
LED 14 = FUSE FAILURE=1670 (
3Io . prefault
.
-1 3Io 0 = 3Io
3Vo
.3Vo

fuse fail 10 S
-2 3Vo 3Io
. 10 S
3Vo 3Io AD 2912A max I ) 0.1
(Thresd. 3Io>0.1A faulty
3Io 0.1A

19

## 9. FUSE FAIL MONITOR:( 2910)

B) 3 PHASE SETTING = 5V, DISTANCE BLOCKED
SPONTANEOUS INDICATION APPEARS ON FUSE
FAILURE OPERATION.
LED 14 = FUSE FAILURE=168, 2916A=0 SECS,
Vrn = Vyn=Vbn=6V, 3 PHASE CURRENT = 0.5A.
SLOWLYDECREASE 3 PHASE VOLTAGE & CHECK
AT WHICH VOLTAGE FUSE FAIL LED APPEARS
408 *
.

20

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

)9. FUSE FAIL MONITOR:( 2910
)C)FUSE FAILURE MONITORING FUNCTION (3 phase voltages & I
407
* V

3:
-1 ).(5V

-2
-3

> Iph . Distance

3 :
-4

).(5V

-5
> Iph . Distance
-6 .40mA

Fuse failure
voltage absent
STAT2

STAT1
L1
I=1

V=5

L1
I=0.9

V=30

V=5

L2
I=0.9

V=30

L2
I=1

V=5

L3
I=0.9

V=30

L3
I=1

)9. FUSE FAIL MONITOR:( 2910
D)BROKEN CONDUCTOR.
* 405

21

10.

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

A) PERMISSIVE UNDER REACH (PUTT)
SEND LOGICCS
= Z1 FAULT
TRIP LOGIC
TRIP = Z1B FAULT+CR
NO TRIP LOGIC
= Z1B FAULT + NO CARRIER RECEIVED
Note
TRIP WITH TELE PROTECTION SCHEME = 3850
-LED 13 =SIGNAL SEND=4056.
-CASE1#:FAULT AT Z1 (S/S#1)
*RELAY TRIP CB (S/S#1) + SEND (S/S#2)
-CASE2#:FAULT AT Z1 (S/S#2)
*RELAY TRIP CB (S/S#2) + SEND (S/S#1)
*RECIVED (S/S#1) +FD (Z1B) (S/S#1)-TRIB
-: Z *
((setting Group A )) -1
OK Export - 3
(Extended) Advanced Distance Setting Omicron *
(inpout) (Parameters) Z1B

10 .SCHEME CHECK:

SEND LOGIC
TRIP LOGIC

= Z1B FAULT
= Z1B FAULT+CR

22

:
:

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

TRIP WITH TELE PROTECTION SCHEME = 3850,
- LED 13 =SIGNAL SEND=4056
-CASE1#:FAULT AT Z1B (S/S#1)
* SEND (S/S#2)
-CASE2#:FAULT AT Z1B (S/S#2)
* SEND (S/S#1)
*RECIVED (S/S#1) +FD (Z1B) (S/S#1)-TRIB
-ECHO SEND SIGNAL 4246 TOBE CONNECTED IN PARALLEL WITH
4056,

10 .SCHEME CHECK:

## C) WEAK INFEED = ECHO ONLY WHEN CB OPEN(with pott)

WEAK END INFEED = ECHO ONLY
ECHO SEND SIGNAL IMMEDIATE WHEN CB OPEN,

## Note:WEAK INFEED =2501= ECHO

CB OPEN BI =380,
ECHO SIGNAL (Fn. 4246) must be allocated to the O/p relays,
ECHO SEND SIGNAL IMMEDIATE WHEN CB OPEN,
ECHO SEND SIGNAL AFTER TIME DELAY WHEN CB CLOSED,

CB OPEN Z1B *
-:
. CS CR CB -1
. CS Z1B CB -2

10 .SCHEME CHECK:

## ECHO SEND SIGNAL & TRIP AFTER TIME DELAY WHEN CB

CLOSED
UNDER VOLTAGE SETTING VALUE
23

=.V

## MEASUREDUNDER VOLTAGE VALUE =.V

Note:WEAK INFEED = 2501=ECHO & TRIP ONLY WHEN CB CLOSE
CB CLOSE BINARY =379,
ECHO SENDS SIGNAL & TRIP AFTER TIME DELAY WHEN CB CLOSED.
UNDER VOLTAGE CONDITIONS ARE SATISFIED.

CB CLOSES Z1B *
CB
-:

CR CB -1

10 .SCHEME CHECK:
E) BLOCKING SCHEME
3 :

SEND LOGIC CS

= Z3 FAULT (REVERSE)

TRIP LOGIC

= Z1B FAULT+ NO CR

NO TRIP LOGIC

= Z1B FAULT+ CR :

24

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

TRIP WITH TELE PROTECTION SCHEME = 3850

## 10. SCHEME CHECK:

F ) UNBLOCKING SCHEME
SEND LOGIC CS
TRIP LOGIC

= Z1B FAULT
= Z1B FAULT+ CR

## 10. SCHEME CHECK:

G) DIRECT TRANSFER TRIP
SEND LOGICCS
= (Z1) FD FAULTTRIP+CS
:
TRIPLOGIC
TRIP = CR
:
Note:( CARRIER RECEIVE BINARY INPUT = 4417 )
TRIP OUTPUT = 4435, ALSO PUTT SCHEME TOBE SELECTED TO
SEND SIGNAL IN ZONE - 1.
SEND LOGIC
CS= (Z1) FAULTTRIP+CS :
TRIPLOGIC
CR = TRIP
:

At isa tester:
Choose:
- transit time 0.2,
Z start= 40.55 Ohm, Zend=0.5Ohm.
ok psw block and the led is on,now you have tested Z1
For Z2: Zend= 2.5,Z3:Zend =4.5, Z5:Zend=8.5( According to
you settings!)

25

## 7SA522- Practical Ref. For Testing

if more rapid (t=0.175 for Z1 and 0.14 for Z5) the relay
make trip after the time at AD2007 (trip delay after PS
blocking)

## The max. limit is about:

If dZ/Sec>(-229) Ohm/sec, the relay trip
Z2 Z5 BLOCK
OUT OF STEP TRIPPING

..
..
..

) ( PPOL *
. Z5
OUT OF STEP TRIPPING TRIP
OUT OF STEP TRIP?????

## 12. FAULT LOCATOR CHECK

SETTING:
X=.0.1..Ohms / Km:
Line Length = 1.. Km
X injected
1

Expected length
1KM

26

Measured length
0.9 KM

. X *

FAULT RECORDER

27

Bi *